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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646239/intake-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-contributes-to-bone-mineral-density-at-the-hip-in-a-younger-japanese-female-population
#1
T Kuroda, H Ohta, Y Onoe, N Tsugawa, M Shiraki
This study investigated the relationships between intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, and omega-6 fatty acids and bone mineral density in Japanese women aged 19 to 25 years. Intakes of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3) were positively associated with peak bone mass at the hip. INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle factors such as physical activity and nutrition intake are known to optimize the peak bone mass (PBM). Recently, intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been reported to contribute to bone metabolism...
June 23, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645013/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-human-serum-and-urine-samples-from-a-residentially-exposed-community
#2
Rachel Rogers Worley, Susan McAfee Moore, Bruce C Tierney, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M Calafat, Sean Campbell, Million B Woudneh, Jeffrey Fisher
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are considered chemicals of emerging concern, in part due to their environmental and biological persistence and the potential for widespread human exposure. In 2007, a PFAS manufacturer near Decatur, Alabama notified the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) it had discharged PFAS into a wastewater treatment plant, resulting in environmental contamination and potential exposures to the local community. OBJECTIVES: To characterize PFAS exposure over time, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) collected blood and urine samples from local residents...
June 20, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644770/the-impact-of-photovoltaic-pv-installations-on-downwind-particulate-matter-concentrations-results-from-field-observations-at-a-550-mwac-utility-scale-pv-plant
#3
Dwarakanath Ravikumar, Parikhit Sinha
With utility-scale photovoltaic(PV) projects increasingly developed in dry and dust-prone geographies with high solar insolation, there is a critical need to analyze the impacts of PV installations on the resulting particulate-matter(PM) concentrations which have environmental and health impacts. This study is the first to quantify the impact of a utility-scale PV plant on PM concentrations downwind of the project site. Background, construction and post-construction PM2.5 and PM10 concentration data are collected from four beta attenuation monitor(BAM) stations over 3 years...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644401/the-investigation-of-electrochemistry-behaviors-of-tyrosinase-based-on-directly-electrodeposited-grapheneon-choline-gold-nanoparticles
#4
Yaping He, Xiaohui Yang, Quan Han, Jianbin Zheng
A novel catechol (CA) biosensor was developed by embedding tyrosinase (Tyr) onto in situ electrochemical reduction graphene (EGR) on choline-functionalized gold nanoparticle (AuNPs-Ch) film. The results of UV-Vis spectra indicated that Tyr retained its original structure in the film, and an electrochemical investigation of the biosensor showed a pair of well-defined, quasi-reversible redox peaks with Epa = -0.0744 V and Epc = -0.114 V (vs. SCE) in 0.1 M, pH 7.0 sodium phosphate-buffered saline at a scan rate of 100 mV/s...
June 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642746/virucidal-activity-of-fogged-chlorine-dioxide-and-hydrogen-peroxide-based-disinfectants-against-human-norovirus-and-its-surrogate-feline-calicivirus-on-hard-to-reach-surfaces
#5
Naim Montazeri, Clyde Manuel, Eric Moorman, Janak R Khatiwada, Leonard L Williams, Lee-Ann Jaykus
Human norovirus (NoV) is the leading cause of foodborne illnesses in the United States. Norovirus is shed in high numbers in the feces and vomitous of infected individuals. Contact surfaces contaminated with bodily fluids harboring infectious virus particles serve as vehicles for pathogen transmission. Environmental stability of NoV and its resistance to many conventional disinfectants necessitate effective inactivation strategies to control the spread of virus. We investigated the efficacy of two commercial disinfectants, hydrogen peroxide (7...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641573/ancient-water-bottle-use-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-pah-exposure-among-california-indians-a-prehistoric-health-risk-assessment
#6
Sabrina B Sholts, Kevin Smith, Cecilia Wallin, Trifa M Ahmed, Sebastian K T S Wärmländer
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are the main toxic compounds in natural bitumen, a fossil material used by modern and ancient societies around the world. The adverse health effects of PAHs on modern humans are well established, but their health impacts on past populations are unclear. It has previously been suggested that a prehistoric health decline among the native people living on the California Channel Islands may have been related to PAH exposure. Here, we assess the potential health risks of PAH exposure from the use and manufacture of bitumen-coated water bottles by ancient California Indian societies...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640797/rural-and-urban-differences-in-air-quality-2008-2012-and-community-drinking-water-quality-2010-2015-united-states
#7
Heather Strosnider, Caitlin Kennedy, Michele Monti, Fuyuen Yip
PROBLEM/CONDITION: The places in which persons live, work, and play can contribute to the development of adverse health outcomes. Understanding the differences in risk factors in various environments can help to explain differences in the occurrence of these outcomes and can be used to develop public health programs, interventions, and policies. Efforts to characterize urban and rural differences have largely focused on social and demographic characteristics. A paucity of national standardized environmental data has hindered efforts to characterize differences in the physical aspects of urban and rural areas, such as air and water quality...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640454/direct-quantification-of-gamma-h2ax-by-cell-based-high-throughput-screening-for-evaluation-of-genotoxicity-of-pesticides-in-a-human-thyroid-cell-lines
#8
Jerome M Hershman, Bryan France, Kevin Hon, Robert Damoiseaux
Genotoxicity is thought to be the cause of many cancers. Genotoxicity due to environmental toxins may be partly responsible for the dramatic increase in the incidence of papillary thyroid cancer over the past two decades. Here, we present a fully automatable assay platform that directly quantifies the phosphorylation of nuclear histone gamma H2AX (γH2AX), a specific cellular marker for DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) via immunohistochemistry and laser scanning cytometry. It multiplexes γH2AX with total cell number measured as propidium iodide and calculates the percentage of cells with DSBs...
June 22, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640223/non-targeted-metabolomics-analysis-of-the-effects-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-sunitinib-and-erlotinib-on-heart-muscle-liver-and-serum-metabolism-in-vivo
#9
Brian C Jensen, Traci L Parry, Wei Huang, Amro Ilaiwy, James R Bain, Michael J Muehlbauer, Sara K O'Neal, Cam Patterson, Gary L Johnson, Monte S Willis
Background: More than 90 tyrosine kinases have been implicated in the pathogenesis of malignant transformation and tumor angiogenesis. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have emerged as effective therapies in treating cancer by exploiting this kinase dependency. The TKI erlotinib targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), whereas sunitinib targets primarily vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR).TKIs that impact the function of non-malignant cells and have on- and off-target toxicities, including cardiotoxicities...
June 22, 2017: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636510/the-balance-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-reducing-residual-risks-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Yuji Nishizaki, Kazunori Shimada, Hiroyuki Daida
Residual risk, which cannot be prevented by statins alone, must be controlled for inhibiting the onset of coronary events. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play an important role in controlling residual risk. The Japan eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) Lipid Intervention Study demonstrated the inhibitory effect of high-purity EPA preparations on the residual risk of cardiovascular events. Omega-3 PUFAs inhibit coronary artery disease (CAD) through various actions, including triglyceride-lowering action...
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#11
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634885/colorimetric-determination-of-pb-2-in-perfect-aqueous-solution-using-carminic-acid-as-a-selective-chemosensor
#12
Masaru Sakamaki, Shunichi Aikawa, Yasumasa Fukushima
The commercially available natural organic dye, carminic acid (CA), an anthraquinone derivative bearing hydroxyl and carboxyl groups as recognition sites was found to be a colorimetric probe for Pb(2+) in perfect aqueous solution under neutral conditions with specific selectivity and high sensitivity. Upon addition of Pb(2+), the absorption maximum of CA showed a large red shift, and the resulted color change from red to purple could be easily identified even by the naked eye. The chemical stoichiometric ratio between CA and Pb(2+) was determined to be 1:2 through Job plot, Pb(2+) titration, and kinetic experiments...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634822/the-ratio-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-epa-to-arachidonic-acid-may-be-a-residual-risk-marker-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease-patients-receiving-treatment-with-statin-following-epa-therapy
#13
Shigemasa Tani, Ken Nagao, Kenji Kawauchi, Tsukasa Yagi, Wataru Atsumi, Rei Matsuo, Atsushi Hirayama
BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/arachidonic acid (AA) ratio and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) level, a major residual risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), in statin-treated CAD patients following EPA therapy. METHODS: We conducted a 6-month, prospective, randomized clinical trial to investigate the effect of the additional administration of EPA on the EPA/AA ratio and the serum non-HDL-C level in stable CAD patients receiving statin treatment...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633110/emerging-contaminants-related-to-the-occurrence-of-forest-fires-in-the-spanish-mediterranean
#14
Julian Campo, María Lorenzo, Erik L H Cammeraat, Yolanda Picó, Vicente Andreu
Forest fires can be a source of contamination because, among others, of the use of chemicals to their extinction (flame retardants, FRs), or by the production of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) derived from high temperature alteration of organic matter. Up to our knowledge, this study is the first to assess the direct (PAHs 16 on the USA EPA's priority list), and indirect [tri- to hepta- brominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organophosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)] contamination related to forest fires...
June 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632272/interfacial-synthesis-of-a-three-dimensional-hierarchical-mos2-ns-ag-np-nanocomposite-as-a-sers-nanosensor-for-ultrasensitive-thiram-detection
#15
Xiu Liang, Yi-Shuo Wang, Ting-Ting You, Xiao-Juan Zhang, Nan Yang, Guang-Sheng Wang, Peng-Gang Yin
Interfacial self-assembly of ordered nanostructures at oil-water interfaces towards the fabrication of nanofilms has attracted the interest of plenty of scientists, since its discovery in 2004. Herein, further developments have been achieved, and we report a new strategy for the synthesis of a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical nanostructure, through an interfacial synthesis driven microemulsion process. Thus, the synthesis route has been simplified, with the rigorous experimental conditions of traditional compositing technology...
June 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631078/evaluation-of-the-association-between-sleep-apnea-and-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-profiles-in-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#16
Keisuke Nakabayashi, Kentaro Jujo, Katsumi Saito, Toshiaki Oka, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
The long-term outcome is poor in patients with sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) is also known as an independent predictor for adverse clinical events. However, the profile of PUFA in sleep apnea patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is still unclear. This study aimed to clarify the association between sleep apnea and PUFA profiles in patients with CAD. Two hundred seventy-four consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were screened for sleep apnea using nocturnal oximetry...
June 19, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629180/bioavailability-of-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-added-to-a-variety-of-sausages-in-healthy-individuals
#17
Anton Köhler, Johanna Heinrich, Clemens von Schacky
A low Omega-3 Index (eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in erythrocytes) is associated with cardiac, cerebral, and other health issues. Intake of EPA and DHA, but not of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), increases the Omega-3 Index. We investigated bioavailability, safety, palatability and tolerability of EPA and DHA in a novel source: a variety of sausages. We screened 96 healthy volunteers, and recruited 44 with an Omega-3 Index <5%. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a variety of sausages enriched with approximately 250 mg EPA and DHA per 80 g (n = 22) daily for 8 weeks, or matching placebo sausages (n = 22)...
June 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628865/urban-emissions-hotspots-quantifying-vehicle-congestion-and-air-pollution-using-mobile-phone-gps-data
#18
Conor K Gately, Lucy R Hutyra, Scott Peterson, Ian Sue Wing
On-road emissions vary widely on time scales as short as minutes and length scales as short as tens of meters. Detailed data on emissions at these scales are a prerequisite to accurately quantifying ambient pollution concentrations and identifying hotspots of human exposure within urban areas. We construct a highly resolved inventory of hourly fluxes of CO, NO2, NOx, PM2.5 and CO2 from road vehicles on 280,000 road segments in eastern Massachusetts for the year 2012. Our inventory integrates a large database of hourly vehicle speeds derived from mobile phone and vehicle GPS data with multiple regional datasets of vehicle flows, fleet characteristics, and local meteorology...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628305/variation-in-methane-emission-rates-from-well-pads-in-four-oil-and-gas-basins-with-contrasting-production-volumes-and-compositions
#19
Anna M Robertson, Rachel Edie, Dustin Snare, Jeffrey Soltis, Robert Alexander Field, Matthew D Burkhart, Clay S Bell, Daniel Zimmerle, Shane M Murphy
Atmospheric methane emissions from active natural gas production sites in normal operation were quantified using an inverse Gaussian method (EPA's OTM 33a) in four major U.S. basins/plays: Upper Green River (UGR, Wyoming), Denver-Julesburg (DJ, Colorado), Uintah (Utah), and Fayetteville (FV, Arkansas). In DJ, Uintah, and FV, 72 - 83% of total measured emissions were from 20% of the well pads, while in UGR the highest 20% of emitting well pads only contributed 54% of total emissions. The total mass of methane emitted as a percent of gross methane produced, termed throughput-normalized methane average (TNMA) and determined by bootstrapping measurements from each basin, varied widely between basins and was (95% CI): 0...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627710/oil-and-eicosapentaenoic-acid-production-by-the-diatom-phaeodactylum-tricornutum-cultivated-outdoors-in-green-wall-panel-gwp%C3%A2-reactors
#20
Liliana Rodolfi, Natascia Biondi, Alessia Guccione, Niccolò Bassi, Massimo D'Ottavio, Gimena Arganaraz, Mario R Tredici
Phaeodactylum tricornutum is a widely studied diatom and has been proposed as a source of oil and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Recent studies indicate that lipid accumulation occurs under nutritional stress. Aim of this research was to determine how changes in nitrogen availability affect productivity, oil yield and fatty acid (FA) composition of P. tricornutum UTEX 640. After preliminary laboratory trials, outdoor experiments were carried out in 40-L GWP® reactors under different nitrogen regimes in batch...
June 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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