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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411107/pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-left-heart-disease
#1
REVIEW
Emmanuelle Berthelot, Minh Tam Bailly, Safwane El Hatimi, Ingrid Robard, Hatem Rezgui, Amir Bouchachi, David Montani, Olivier Sitbon, Denis Chemla, Patrick Assayag
Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease, also known as group 2 pulmonary hypertension according to the European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society classification, is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. In patients with left heart disease, the development of pulmonary hypertension favours right heart dysfunction, which has a major impact on disease severity and outcome. Over the past few years, this condition has been considered more frequently. However, epidemiological studies of group 2 pulmonary hypertension are less exhaustive than studies of other causes of pulmonary hypertension...
April 11, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398378/-diabetes-mellitus-and-atrial-fibrillation-evidence-of-a-pathophysiological-clinical-and-epidemiological-association-beyond-the-thromboembolic-risk
#2
Riccardo Proietti, Vincenzo Russo, Maddalena Alessandra Wu, Aldo P Maggioni, Raffaele Marfella
A large number of studies have linked diabetes mellitus (DM) to the development of cardiovascular disease. However, the association between DM and arrhythmic disease of the heart is less well recognized by the cardiology community. Mostly, the focus is the increased thromboembolic risk that the presence of DM confers to patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, recent evidence points toward an increased prevalence of AF in patients with diabetes. This association seems to be reinforced by the presence of additional comorbidities such as hypertension and insulin-resistance...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386917/epidemiology-and-one-year-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-and-preserved-mid-range-and-reduced-ejection-fraction-an-analysis-of-the-esc-heart-failure-long-term-registry
#3
Ovidiu Chioncel, Mitja Lainscak, Petar M Seferovic, Stefan D Anker, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Veli-Pekka Harjola, John Parissis, Cecile Laroche, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Candida Fonseca, Alexandre Mebazaa, Lars Lund, Giuseppe A Ambrosio, Andrew J Coats, Roberto Ferrari, Frank Ruschitzka, Aldo P Maggioni, Gerasimos Filippatos
AIMS: The objectives of the present study were to describe epidemiology and outcomes in ambulatory heart failure (HF) patients stratified by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and to identify predictors for mortality at 1 year in each group. METHODS AND RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term Registry is a prospective, observational study collecting epidemiological information and 1-year follow-up data in 9134 HF patients. Patients were classified according to baseline LVEF into HF with reduced EF [EF <40% (HFrEF)], mid-range EF [EF 40-50% (HFmrEF)] and preserved EF [EF >50% (HFpEF)]...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383860/-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-infective-endocarditis-partim-1
#4
A Iovino, S Marchetta, R Dulgheru, C Oury, L A Piérard, P Lancellotti
Until recently, the recommendations of infective endocarditis were based on expert opinions, due to its low incidence and the absence of controlled trials. The update in 2015 of the new guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (compared with 2009) relates to the publication of a randomised study on the surgical treatment, the innovations in imaging procedures (especially functional imaging in nuclear medicine) and the new concept of «Team Endocarditis» (multidisciplinary approach). Their aim is to remind the limitations of antibiotic prophylaxis and to insist on hospital hygiene measures...
June 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#5
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355730/-a-consensus-statement-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-combined-with-insomnia-from-chinese-experts
#6
(no author information available yet)
Recent years have seen a large amount of research indicating a high morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) combined with insomnia, which leads to increasing attentions in studying the association between insomnia and CVD, such as coronary heart diseases, hypertension, heart failure, psycho-cardiology diseases and so on. Sufficient evidence shows that patients suffering from CVD are much more likely to get involved in insomnia than healthy persons. Furthermore, causing great troubles to patients with CVD, insomnia seriously influences the treatment process and prognosis of CVD...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314659/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-cmr-t1-mapping-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#7
Karl-Philipp Rommel, Christian Lücke, Philipp Lurz
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) presents a major challenge in modern cardiology. Although this syndrome is of increasing prevalence and is associated with unfavorable outcomes, treatment trials have failed to establish effective therapies. Currently, solutions to this dilemma are being investigated, including categorizing and characterizing patients more diversely to individualize treatment. In this regard, new imaging techniques might provide important information. Diastolic dysfunction is a diagnostic and pathophysiological cornerstone in HFpEF and is believed to be caused by systemic inflammation with the development of interstitial myocardial fibrosis and myocardial stiffening...
March 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291635/awareness-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-among-the-general-population-of-the-lorraine-region-of-france
#8
F Arous, J-M Boivin, A Chaouat, C Rumeau, R Jankowski, D T Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) seems to be underdiagnosed. The aim of this study was to assess awareness of OSAHS among the general population of the Lorraine Region of France. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study was carried out from July to November 2015 in the Lorraine Region, using an anonymous questionnaire that assessed knowledge of OSAHS-related symptoms and complications. The survey was also circulated on the Internet via social media...
March 10, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287887/a-comprehensive-review-of-an-unmet-public-health-issue-resistant-hypertension
#9
Anping Cai, Yingqing Feng, Yingling Zhou
Resistant hypertension is an intractable problem to patients and physicians. In recent decades, a substantial amount of basic and epidemiological studies provide us a vast number of valuable evidence and information about this once elusive disease. Better understanding about this entity could help physicians improve diagnostic and therapeutic accuracy. In present review, therefore, we first will detail the definition and diagnosis of resistant hypertension between cardiology societies, and followed by the information of prevalence of resistant hypertension around the world, and then briefly discuss currently used different nomenclature of resistant hypertension, and finally present diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of resistant hypertension...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210012/echocardiographic-parameters-as-life-quality-predictors-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-different-methods
#10
Alen Dzubur, Mevludin Mekic, Senad Pesto, Naser Nabil
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in most countries. The aim was to examine the quality of life and to determine the differences in the quality of life in patients one year after myocardial infarction and the relationship between quality of life and echocardiographic parameters in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was a prospective, clinical, epidemiological study and was conducted at the Clinic of Cardiology, University Clinical Center Sarajevo (UCCS)...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191271/the-unchartered-frontier-preventive-cardiology-between-the-ages-of-15-and-35-years
#11
Holly Gooding, Heather M Johnson
It is well established that atherosclerosis, the pathological basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD), begins in childhood and progresses steadily between the ages of 15 to 35 years. These adolescent and young adult years are also marked by significant physiological, psychological, and sociodemographic changes that impact both CVD risk factor development and CVD prevention and treatment strategies. In this review, we highlight the importance of the primordial prevention of CVD risk factors before they ever occur and the primary prevention of CVD by treating CVD risk factors in this age group...
September 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155783/-social-history-of-the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-health-prevention-from-1960-to-1980
#12
Brice Favier-Ambrosini
The trajectory of SPA as a health factor underwent a major change in the mid-1960s, by emerging from the strictly scientific field to become a general public approach to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In the context of an epidemiological paradigm comprising risk factors likely to increase the probability of developing this type of disease, the medical community worked to enhance the practical application of the idea that SPA is a legitimate solution to address this issue. In France, cardiologists of the French Federation of Cardiology became the legitimate leaders in this field...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111226/understanding-the-epidemiology-of-heart-failure-to-improve-management-practices-an-asia-pacific-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Jeyamalar Rajadurai, Hung-Fat Tse, Chao-Hung Wang, Ning-I Yang, Jingmin Zhou, David Sim
Heart failure (HF) is a major global healthcare problem with an estimated prevalence of approximately 26 million. In Asia-Pacific regions, HF is associated with a significant socioeconomic burden and high rates of hospital admission. Epidemiological data that could help to improve management approaches to address this burden in Asia-Pacific regions are limited, but suggest patients with HF in the Asia-Pacific are younger and have more severe signs and symptoms of HF than those of Western countries. However, local guidelines are based largely on the European Society of Cardiology and American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines, which draw their evidence from studies where Western patients form the major demographic and patients from the Asia-Pacific region are underrepresented...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025066/executive-summary-trends-in-u-s-cardiovascular-care-2016-report-from-4-acc-national-cardiovascular-data-registries
#14
Frederick A Masoudi, Angelo Ponirakis, James A de Lemos, James G Jollis, Mark Kremers, John C Messenger, John W M Moore, Issam Moussa, William J Oetgen, Paul D Varosy, Robert N Vincent, Jessica Wei, Jeptha P Curtis, Matthew T Roe, John A Spertus
The National Cardiovascular Data Registries (NCDR) of the American College of Cardiology consists of ten national programs designed to measure quality of care for high impact cardiovascular conditions and procedures. The NCDR provides feedback with benchmarking of a broad range of quality metrics to participants; supports quality improvement interventions at the local and national level; and serves as the basis for cardiovascular health services and epidemiology research that informs contemporary clinical care...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915082/the-heart-failure-pandemic-the-clinical-and-economic-burden-in-greece
#15
P Stafylas, D Farmakis, G Kourlaba, G Giamouzis, K Tsarouhas, N Maniadakis, J Parissis
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of heart failure (HF) patients in Greece as well as the economic burden and the distribution of costs for the management of the disease. METHODS: Eight Greek secondary and tertiary cardiology centres from different cities have participated in a prospective, observational survey, the ESC HF Pilot Survey. 307 patients with HF, 177 hospitalised and 130 outpatients, have been recruited and monitored for 12months...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#16
REVIEW
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909694/2015-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-in-the-philippines-executive-summary-dyslipidemia-guidelines-2015
#17
Adriel E Guerrero
The Philippine Heart Association, the Philippine Lipid and Atherosclerosis Society, and the Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, collaborated to develop the 2015 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2015 CPG). These guidelines are meant to update the 2005 Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2005 CPG). A panel of experts in the fields of dyslipidemia, cardiology, endocrinology and epidemiology were assembled to comprise the technical research committee (TRC) tasked to review available clinical evidence on dyslipidemia management...
October 2016: ASEAN Heart Journal: Official Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886780/global-shifts-in-cardiovascular-disease-the-epidemiologic-transition-and-other-contributing-factors-toward-a-new-practice-of-global-health-cardiology
#18
REVIEW
Walter Mendoza, J Jaime Miranda
One of the major drivers of change in the practice of cardiology is population change. This article discusses the current debate about epidemiologic transition paired with other ongoing transitions with direct relevance to cardiovascular conditions. Challenges specific to patterns of risk factors over time; readiness for disease surveillance and meeting global targets; health system, prevention, and treatment efforts; and physiologic traits and human-environment interactions are identified. This article concludes that a focus on the most populated regions of the world will contribute substantially to protecting the large gains in global survival and life expectancy accrued over the last decades...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883972/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-a-developing-country-incidence-and-trend-monastir-tunisia-2000-2013
#19
Asma Sriha Belguith, Afifa Koubaa Abdelkafi, Sana El Mhamdi, Manel Ben Fredj, Hela Abroug, Arwa Ben Salah, Inès Bouanene, Fahima Hassine, Amal Amara, Sana Bhiri, Abdelkarim Derbel, Habib Gamra, Faouzi Maatouk, Mohamed Soussi Soltani
BACKGROUND: The penicillin therapy of β hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis has aided in the decrease of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in developing countries. Tunisia is an endemic area, however, and incidence of RHD is weakly documented. We aimed at establishing the standardized incidence rate (SIR) of RHD in Monastir governorate and at determining RHD prevalence among hospitalized patients in two cardiology departments. METHODS: From the regional register of Monastir Hospital morbidity, we have selected newly diagnosed patients with RHD, residents of Monastir, and hospitalized to the 2 cardiology departments between 2000 and 2013 (2001 not included)...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881567/importance-of-assessing-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-clinical-practice-a-case-for-fitness-as-a-clinical-vital-sign-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#20
Robert Ross, Steven N Blair, Ross Arena, Timothy S Church, Jean-Pierre Després, Barry A Franklin, William L Haskell, Leonard A Kaminsky, Benjamin D Levine, Carl J Lavie, Jonathan Myers, Josef Niebauer, Robert Sallis, Susumu S Sawada, Xuemei Sui, Ulrik Wisløff
Mounting evidence has firmly established that low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality, and mortality rates attributable to various cancers. A growing body of epidemiological and clinical evidence demonstrates not only that CRF is a potentially stronger predictor of mortality than established risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but that the addition of CRF to traditional risk factors significantly improves the reclassification of risk for adverse outcomes...
December 13, 2016: Circulation
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