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Cardiology epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575573/-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-the-older-age-group-patients
#1
A A Ursta, E I Kharkov, M M Petrova, O V Ursta, A R Kotikov, A N Kiselev
This review devoted to actual medical problem that exists at a crossroad of cardiology, nephrology and radiology. Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important medical issue and its frequency is increasing last years. This disease may account for severe complications, including renal failure and even fatal outcome. We investigated contemporary sources to present epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of CIN.
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569545/interview-with-alexander-cohen
#2
Alexander Ander Cohen
Ander Cohen speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Alexander (Ander) Cohen MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP is a vascular physician and epidemiologist at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, King's College (London, UK). He graduated with honors in medicine and honors in surgery from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and became a fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1990. He was awarded an MSc in Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London in 1991 with a thesis on the metabolic syndrome in South-Asian populations...
June 1, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559652/mini-review-of-the-chin-shan-community-cardiovascular-cohort-study-in-population-health-research-in-taiwan
#3
REVIEW
Kuo-Liong Chien
Preventing and controlling non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a growing global public health concern, and evidence-based data from population-based health studies are needed in order to develop appropriate public health policies for controlling NCDs. The Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort (CCCC) study is a prospective cohort consisting of participants from one community in China in 1990-1991, and has provided substantial evidence-based data on domestic and global health issues in preventive cardiology fields...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533839/-epidemiology-of-the-relationship-between-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure
#4
Yassine Ragbaoui, Chafia Chehbouni, Ayoub El Hammiri, Rachida Habbal
Atrial fibrillation and heart failure are diseases which often coexist aggravating prognosis and constituting a major public health problem. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in patients with chronic heart failure and to determine the clinical profile of this group of patients. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study based on the registry of heart failure of the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Centre from June 2006 to March 2015. All patients over 18 years of age with chronic heart failure associated with atrial fibrillation were included in the study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463462/clinical-phenotypes-and-outcome-of-patients-hospitalized-for-acute-heart-failure-the-esc-heart-failure-long-term-registry
#6
Ovidiu Chioncel, Alexandre Mebazaa, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Andrew J Coats, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Cecile Laroche, Petar M Seferovic, Stefan D Anker, Roberto Ferrari, Frank Ruschitzka, Silvia Lopez Fernandez, Daniela Miani, Gerasimos Filippatos, Aldo P Maggioni
AIMS: To identify differences in clinical epidemiology, in-hospital management and 1-year outcomes among patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF) and enrolled in the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term (ESC-HF-LT) Registry, stratified by clinical profile at admission. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ESC-HF-LT Registry is a prospective, observational study collecting hospitalization and 1-year follow-up data from 6629 AHF patients. Among AHF patients enrolled in the registry, 13...
April 30, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460762/acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism-epidemiology-predictors-and-long-term-outcome-a-single-center-experience
#7
U M Nagamalesh, V S Prakash, K C Karthik Naidu, S Sarthak, Anupama V Hegde, T Abhinay
INTRODUCTION: Acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a life-threatening disease. Mortality in PTE still remains very high in spite of progress in diagnostic tools. Mortality rate is about 30% in patients with unrecognized acute PTE. METHODS: It is a single center observational study of 31 consecutive patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology at MS Ramaiah Memorial hospital between January 1, 2010 and June 2015. All the patients confirmed with diagnosis of acute PTE by CT scan (either HRCT or CTPA) were included in the study...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453817/epidemiology-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-cameroon-the-first-population-based-cohort-survey-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
Aimé Bonny, Kemi Tibazarwa, Samuel Mbouh, Jonas Wa, Réné Fonga, Cecile Saka, Marcus Ngantcha
Background: Incidence estimates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are unknown. Method: Over 12 months, the household administrative office and health community committee within neighbourhoods in two health areas of Douala, Cameroon, registered all deaths among 86 188 inhabitants aged >18 years. As part of an extended multi-source surveillance system, the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), local medical examiners and district hospital mortuaries were also surveyed...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411107/pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-left-heart-disease
#9
REVIEW
Emmanuelle Berthelot, Minh Tam Bailly, Safwane El Hatimi, Ingrid Robard, Hatem Rezgui, Amir Bouchachi, David Montani, Olivier Sitbon, Denis Chemla, Patrick Assayag
Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease, also known as group 2 pulmonary hypertension according to the European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society classification, is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. In patients with left heart disease, the development of pulmonary hypertension favours right heart dysfunction, which has a major impact on disease severity and outcome. Over the past few years, this condition has been considered more frequently. However, epidemiological studies of group 2 pulmonary hypertension are less exhaustive than studies of other causes of pulmonary hypertension...
April 11, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398378/-diabetes-mellitus-and-atrial-fibrillation-evidence-of-a-pathophysiological-clinical-and-epidemiological-association-beyond-the-thromboembolic-risk
#10
Riccardo Proietti, Vincenzo Russo, Maddalena Alessandra Wu, Aldo P Maggioni, Raffaele Marfella
A large number of studies have linked diabetes mellitus (DM) to the development of cardiovascular disease. However, the association between DM and arrhythmic disease of the heart is less well recognized by the cardiology community. Mostly, the focus is the increased thromboembolic risk that the presence of DM confers to patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, recent evidence points toward an increased prevalence of AF in patients with diabetes. This association seems to be reinforced by the presence of additional comorbidities such as hypertension and insulin-resistance...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386917/epidemiology-and-one-year-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-and-preserved-mid-range-and-reduced-ejection-fraction-an-analysis-of-the-esc-heart-failure-long-term-registry
#11
Ovidiu Chioncel, Mitja Lainscak, Petar M Seferovic, Stefan D Anker, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Veli-Pekka Harjola, John Parissis, Cecile Laroche, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Candida Fonseca, Alexandre Mebazaa, Lars Lund, Giuseppe A Ambrosio, Andrew J Coats, Roberto Ferrari, Frank Ruschitzka, Aldo P Maggioni, Gerasimos Filippatos
AIMS: The objectives of the present study were to describe epidemiology and outcomes in ambulatory heart failure (HF) patients stratified by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and to identify predictors for mortality at 1 year in each group. METHODS AND RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term Registry is a prospective, observational study collecting epidemiological information and 1-year follow-up data in 9134 HF patients. Patients were classified according to baseline LVEF into HF with reduced EF [EF <40% (HFrEF)], mid-range EF [EF 40-50% (HFmrEF)] and preserved EF [EF >50% (HFpEF)]...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383860/-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-infective-endocarditis-partim-1
#12
A Iovino, S Marchetta, R Dulgheru, C Oury, L A Piérard, P Lancellotti
Until recently, the recommendations of infective endocarditis were based on expert opinions, due to its low incidence and the absence of controlled trials. The update in 2015 of the new guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (compared with 2009) relates to the publication of a randomised study on the surgical treatment, the innovations in imaging procedures (especially functional imaging in nuclear medicine) and the new concept of «Team Endocarditis» (multidisciplinary approach). Their aim is to remind the limitations of antibiotic prophylaxis and to insist on hospital hygiene measures...
June 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
April 25, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355730/-a-consensus-statement-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-combined-with-insomnia-from-chinese-experts
#14
(no author information available yet)
Recent years have seen a large amount of research indicating a high morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) combined with insomnia, which leads to increasing attentions in studying the association between insomnia and CVD, such as coronary heart diseases, hypertension, heart failure, psycho-cardiology diseases and so on. Sufficient evidence shows that patients suffering from CVD are much more likely to get involved in insomnia than healthy persons. Furthermore, causing great troubles to patients with CVD, insomnia seriously influences the treatment process and prognosis of CVD...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314659/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-cmr-t1-mapping-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#15
Karl-Philipp Rommel, Christian Lücke, Philipp Lurz
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) presents a major challenge in modern cardiology. Although this syndrome is of increasing prevalence and is associated with unfavorable outcomes, treatment trials have failed to establish effective therapies. Currently, solutions to this dilemma are being investigated, including categorizing and characterizing patients more diversely to individualize treatment. In this regard, new imaging techniques might provide important information. Diastolic dysfunction is a diagnostic and pathophysiological cornerstone in HFpEF and is believed to be caused by systemic inflammation with the development of interstitial myocardial fibrosis and myocardial stiffening...
March 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291635/awareness-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-among-the-general-population-of-the-lorraine-region-of-france
#16
F Arous, J-M Boivin, A Chaouat, C Rumeau, R Jankowski, D T Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) seems to be underdiagnosed. The aim of this study was to assess awareness of OSAHS among the general population of the Lorraine Region of France. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study was carried out from July to November 2015 in the Lorraine Region, using an anonymous questionnaire that assessed knowledge of OSAHS-related symptoms and complications. The survey was also circulated on the Internet via social media...
March 10, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287887/a-comprehensive-review-of-an-unmet-public-health-issue-resistant-hypertension
#17
REVIEW
Anping Cai, Yingqing Feng, Yingling Zhou
Resistant hypertension is an intractable problem to patients and physicians. In recent decades, a substantial amount of basic and epidemiological studies provide us a vast number of valuable evidence and information about this once elusive disease. Better understanding about this entity could help physicians improve diagnostic and therapeutic accuracy. In present review, therefore, we first will detail the definition and diagnosis of resistant hypertension between cardiology societies, and followed by the information of prevalence of resistant hypertension around the world, and then briefly discuss currently used different nomenclature of resistant hypertension, and finally present diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of resistant hypertension...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210012/echocardiographic-parameters-as-life-quality-predictors-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-different-methods
#18
Alen Dzubur, Mevludin Mekic, Senad Pesto, Naser Nabil
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in most countries. The aim was to examine the quality of life and to determine the differences in the quality of life in patients one year after myocardial infarction and the relationship between quality of life and echocardiographic parameters in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was a prospective, clinical, epidemiological study and was conducted at the Clinic of Cardiology, University Clinical Center Sarajevo (UCCS)...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191271/the-unchartered-frontier-preventive-cardiology-between-the-ages-of-15-and-35-years
#19
Holly Gooding, Heather M Johnson
It is well established that atherosclerosis, the pathological basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD), begins in childhood and progresses steadily between the ages of 15 to 35 years. These adolescent and young adult years are also marked by significant physiological, psychological, and sociodemographic changes that impact both CVD risk factor development and CVD prevention and treatment strategies. In this review, we highlight the importance of the primordial prevention of CVD risk factors before they ever occur and the primary prevention of CVD by treating CVD risk factors in this age group...
September 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155783/-social-history-of-the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-health-prevention-from-1960-to-1980
#20
Brice Favier-Ambrosini
The trajectory of SPA as a health factor underwent a major change in the mid-1960s, by emerging from the strictly scientific field to become a general public approach to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In the context of an epidemiological paradigm comprising risk factors likely to increase the probability of developing this type of disease, the medical community worked to enhance the practical application of the idea that SPA is a legitimate solution to address this issue. In France, cardiologists of the French Federation of Cardiology became the legitimate leaders in this field...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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