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Cardiology epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109195/sleep-apnea-and-cardiovascular-disease-lessons-from-recent-trials-and-need-for-team-science
#1
REVIEW
Luciano F Drager, R Doug McEvoy, Ferran Barbe, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Susan Redline
Emerging research highlights the complex interrelationships between sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease, presenting clinical and research opportunities as well as challenges. Patients presenting to cardiology clinics have a high prevalence of obstructive and central sleep apnea associated with Cheyne-Stokes respiration. Multiple mechanisms have been identified by which sleep disturbances adversely affect cardiovascular structure and function. Epidemiological research indicates that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with increases in the incidence and progression of coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and atrial fibrillation...
November 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061565/cardiovascular-health-in-african-americans-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Mercedes R Carnethon, Jia Pu, George Howard, Michelle A Albert, Cheryl A M Anderson, Alain G Bertoni, Mahasin S Mujahid, Latha Palaniappan, Herman A Taylor, Monte Willis, Clyde W Yancy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Population-wide reductions in cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality have not been shared equally by African Americans. The burden of cardiovascular disease in the African American community remains high and is a primary cause of disparities in life expectancy between African Americans and whites. The objectives of the present scientific statement are to describe cardiovascular health in African Americans and to highlight unique considerations for disease prevention and management...
October 23, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054840/contemporary-risk-stratification-after-myocardial-infarction-in-the-community-performance-of-scores-and-incremental-value-of-soluble-suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2
#3
Yariv Gerber, Susan A Weston, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Allan S Jaffe, Sheila M Manemann, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
BACKGROUND: Current American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines recommend the GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) and TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) scores to assess myocardial infarction (MI) prognosis. Changes in the epidemiological characteristics of MI and the availability of new biomarkers warrant an assessment of the performance of these scores in contemporary practice. We assessed the following: (1) the performance of GRACE and TIMI to predict 1-year mortality in a cohort of patients stratified by ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and (2) the incremental discriminatory power of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2, a myocardial fibrosis biomarker...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032140/heart-failure-with-mid-range-borderline-ejection-fraction-clinical-implications-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Jeffrey J Hsu, Boback Ziaeian, Gregg C Fonarow
Heart failure (HF) with borderline ejection fraction was first defined in 2013 in the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines as the presence of the typical symptoms of HF and a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 41% to 49%. In 2016, the European Society of Cardiology specified HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) as LVEF of 40% to 49%. This range of LVEF is less well studied compared with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF)...
November 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026414/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-very-young-adults-a-clinical-presentation-risk-factors-hospital-outcome-index-and-their-angiographic-characteristics-in-north-india-amiya-study
#5
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Vinay Krishna, Ramesh Thakur, Ashutosh Kumar, Vikas Mishra, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Karandeep Singh, Mohit Sachan, Rupesh Sinha, Mohammad Asif, Nasar Afdaali, Chandra Mohan Varma
BACKGROUND: India is currently in the fourth stage of epidemiological transitions where cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Purpose of the present study was to assess the risk factors, clinical presentation, angiographic profile including severity, and in-hospital outcome of very young adults (aged ≤ 30 years) with first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Total of 1,116 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) were studied between March 2013 and February 2015 at LPS Institute of Cardiology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India...
March 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024504/high-validity-of-cardiomyopathy-diagnoses-in-western-sweden-1989-2009
#6
Carmen Basic, Annika Rosengren, Sandra Lindström, Maria Schaufelberger
AIM: Hospital discharges with a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy have more than doubled in Sweden since 1987. We validated the cardiomyopathy diagnoses over this time period to investigate that the increase was real and not a result of improved recognition of the diagnosis and better diagnostic methods. METHODS AND RESULTS: Every fifth year from 1989 to 2009, records for all patients with a cardiomyopathy diagnosis were identified by searching the local registers in three hospitals in Västra Götaland, Sweden...
October 11, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993401/diagnosis-and-management-of-noncardiac-complications-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#7
REVIEW
George K Lui, Arwa Saidi, Ami B Bhatt, Luke J Burchill, Jason F Deen, Michael G Earing, Michael Gewitz, Jonathan Ginns, Joseph D Kay, Yuli Y Kim, Adrienne H Kovacs, Eric V Krieger, Fred M Wu, Shi-Joon Yoo
Life expectancy and quality of life for those born with congenital heart disease (CHD) have greatly improved over the past 3 decades. While representing a great advance for these patients, who have been able to move from childhood to successful adult lives in increasing numbers, this development has resulted in an epidemiological shift and a generation of patients who are at risk of developing chronic multisystem disease in adulthood. Noncardiac complications significantly contribute to the morbidity and mortality of adults with CHD...
October 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992908/evaluation-of-pericardial-effusion-in-dogs-and-successful-treatment-using-a-hemodialysis-fistula-needle-a-retrospective-study
#8
REVIEW
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Elisabetta Giudice, Simona Di Pietro
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess epidemiology and echocardiographic findings of pericardial effusion in canine patients and to determine the clinical usefulness and safety of a new pericardiocentesis technique, using a "fistula needle" for hemodialysis. A database of 5304 dogs of different breeds, age, gender, type, and severity of the cardiac disease, referred for a specialist cardiology and echocardiographic examination from 2009-2016, was reviewed. All the dogs were subjected to echocardiography; when possible and required, an echo-guided pericardiocentesis was performed by mean of a 17G "fistula needle" commonly used for hemodialysis...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978219/epidemiology-and-management-of-hyperlipidemia
#9
Samantha Karr
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States, and people with hyperlipidemia are at roughly twice the risk of developing CVD as compared to those with normal total cholesterol levels.1 Patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have an even greater risk of developing CVD at an earlier age; therefore, early detection and treatment are imperative to reduce cardiovascular events and premature death. Statins are the mainstay treatment for hyperlipidemia; however, the limitations of statins include treatment resistance, intolerance due to adverse events, and a lack of adherence which contribute to poor outcomes...
June 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923988/contemporary-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#10
REVIEW
Sean van Diepen, Jason N Katz, Nancy M Albert, Timothy D Henry, Alice K Jacobs, Navin K Kapur, Ahmet Kilic, Venu Menon, E Magnus Ohman, Nancy K Sweitzer, Holger Thiele, Jeffrey B Washam, Mauricio G Cohen
Cardiogenic shock is a high-acuity, potentially complex, and hemodynamically diverse state of end-organ hypoperfusion that is frequently associated with multisystem organ failure. Despite improving survival in recent years, patient morbidity and mortality remain high, and there are few evidence-based therapeutic interventions known to clearly improve patient outcomes. This scientific statement on cardiogenic shock summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, and outcomes of cardiogenic shock; reviews contemporary best medical, surgical, mechanical circulatory support, and palliative care practices; advocates for the development of regionalized systems of care; and outlines future research priorities...
October 17, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904659/-pulmonary-embolism-at-the-university-hospital-campus-of-lome-togo-a-retrospective-study-about-51-cases
#11
Soulemane Pessinaba, Yaovi Dodzi Molba Atti, Soodougoua Baragou, Machihude Pio, Yaovi Afassinou, Mohamed Kpélafia, Edem Goeh-Akué, Findibé Damorou
INTRODUCTION: This study provides an analysis of the evolutionary, clinical and epidemiological aspects of pulmonary embolism at the University Hospital Campus of Lome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, analytic and descriptive study over a period of 39 months (November 1 , 2011- January 31, 2015). All the medical records of patients hospitalized for PE in the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Campus were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of PE was 3...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888913/the-renaissance-of-lipoprotein-a-brave-new-world-for-preventive-cardiology
#12
REVIEW
Katrina L Ellis, Michael B Boffa, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Marlys L Koschinsky, Gerald F Watts
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a highly heritable cardiovascular risk factor. Although discovered more than 50 years ago, Lp(a) has recently re-emerged as a major focus in the fields of lipidology and preventive cardiology owing to findings from genetic studies and the possibility of lowering elevated plasma concentrations with new antisense therapy. Data from genetic, epidemiological and clinical studies have provided compelling evidence establishing Lp(a) as a causal risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease...
September 6, 2017: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842438/plastics-and-cardiovascular-health-phthalates-may-disrupt-heart-rate-variability-and-cardiovascular-reactivity
#13
Rafael Jaimes, Adam Swiercz, Meredith Sherman, Narine Muselimyan, Paul J Marvar, Nikki Gillum Posnack
Plastics have revolutionized medical device technology, transformed hematological care, and facilitated modern cardiology procedures. Despite these advances, studies have shown that phthalate chemicals migrate out of plastic products and that these chemicals are bioactive. Recent epidemiological and research studies have suggested that phthalate exposure adversely affects cardiovascular function. Our objective was to assess the safety and biocompatibility of phthalate chemicals and resolve the impact on cardiovascular and autonomic physiology...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833665/predictors-of-smoking-relapse-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-chinese-patients
#14
Tingyu Zhang, Lizi Wang, Zhenzhen Xu, Qiongxiao Zhang, Yawen Ye
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of smoking relapse after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Chinese patients. BACKGROUND: Smoking is considered a vital risk factor for coronary heart disease. Although smoking cessation could decrease the risks of adverse cardiac outcomes, many patients resume smoking following a short period of abstinence. However, little is known about smoking resumption in patients who have undergone PCI...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804855/human-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-versus-feline-cardiomyopathy-what-can-we-learn-from-both-veterinary-and-human-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Valentine Prat, Bertrand Rozec, Chantal Gauthier, Benjamin Lauzier
Cardiovascular affections are a growing health burden in human populations. Recent advances in cardiology have improved treatments and outcomes for myocardial infarction and arrhythmias, but other conditions still remain poorly understood. To date, the classical approach to study cardiovascular diseases involves rodent models, despite their strong differences with human cardiac physiology. In this context, this review will focus on the common traits between human and feline cardiac diseases, namely heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and feline cardiomyopathies, respectively...
November 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795108/data-for-the-oxford-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-study-international-survey-of-vascular-surgery-professionals
#16
Regent Lee, Amy Jones, Felicity Woodgate, Nicholas Killough, Kirthi Bellamkonda, Matthew Williams, Katherine Hurst, Lucy Fulford-Smith, Ismail Cassimjee, Ashok Handa
As part of the Oxford Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (OxAAA) Study, we conducted an international survey of vascular surgery professionals. One aspect of the survey is as published in the International Journal of Cardiology: "International Opinion on Priorities in Research for Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms and the Potential Path for Research to Impact Clinical Management". This Data-in-Brief article contains a detailed method for the conduct of this survey and additional original data. In this survey, we also provided vascular surgery colleagues with contemporary epidemiologic and surgical outcome data...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762685/fabry-disease-in-southern-sardinia-epidemiological-results-from-screening-in-an-extensive-area
#17
Piergiorgio Bolasco, Irene Sitzia, Stefano Murtas
Introduction: Epidemiological data relating to the prevalence and incidence of Fabry disease (FD) and other Lysosomal Storage diseases (LSDs) are largely underestimated and not yet well known. Distribution of the disease varies according to geographical area and to ethnic origin. Heterozygous females are also at risk of contracting severe and multi-symptomatic forms of FD. Aim: To demonstrate the results obtained in outpatient surgeries situated in an area comprising 319,340 inhabitants...
August 1, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652256/fundamental-cardiovascular-research-returns-on-societal-investment-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
REVIEW
Joseph A Hill, Reza Ardehali, Kimberli Taylor Clarke, Gregory J Del Zoppo, Lee L Eckhardt, Kathy K Griendling, Peter Libby, Dan M Roden, Hesham A Sadek, Christine E Seidman, Douglas E Vaughan
Recent decades have witnessed robust successes in conquering the acutely lethal manifestations of heart and vascular diseases. Many patients who previously would have died now survive. Lifesaving successes like these provide a tremendous and easily recognized benefit to individuals and society. Although cardiovascular mortality has declined, the devastating impact of chronic heart disease and comorbidities on quality of life and healthcare resources continues unabated. Future strides, extending those made in recent decades, will require continued research into mechanisms underlying disease prevention, pathogenesis, progression, and therapeutic intervention...
July 21, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575573/-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-the-older-age-group-patients
#19
A A Ursta, E I Kharkov, M M Petrova, O V Ursta, A R Kotikov, A N Kiselev
This review devoted to actual medical problem that exists at a crossroad of cardiology, nephrology and radiology. Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important medical issue and its frequency is increasing last years. This disease may account for severe complications, including renal failure and even fatal outcome. We investigated contemporary sources to present epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of CIN.
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569545/interview-with-alexander-cohen
#20
Alexander Ander Cohen
Ander Cohen speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Alexander (Ander) Cohen MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP is a vascular physician and epidemiologist at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, King's College (London, UK). He graduated with honors in medicine and honors in surgery from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and became a fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1990. He was awarded an MSc in Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London in 1991 with a thesis on the metabolic syndrome in South-Asian populations...
June 1, 2017: Future Cardiology
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