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Cardiology epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769489/pattern-of-disease-among-patients-attending-cardiology-outpatient-department-of-a-private-hospital-of-mymensingh-bangladesh
#1
G K Paul, B Sen, M K Khan, T K Bhowmik, T A Khan, A K Roy
Epidemiologic transition is taking place in every part of the world. Cardiovascular diseases became the most common cause of death accounting for 30% of deaths worldwide, with 80% of the burden now occurring in developing countries. The objective of the study was to assess the Pattern of disease among patients attending Cardiology outpatient department of a private hospital. The cross sectional descriptive type of observational study was conducted among 550 patients attending Cardiology outpatient department (COPD) of Sodesh Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2016 to June 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730624/optimal-thromboprophylaxis-in-elderly-chinese-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-chioteaf-registry-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Yutao Guo, Yutang Wang, Xiaoying Li, Zaoliang Shan, Xiangmin Shi, Guorong Xi, Gregory Y H Lip
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a worldwide healthcare burden that is associated with the ageing population. Elderly patients with AF with multiple comorbidities usually present with a high risk of thromboembolism and bleeding. Limited prospective data are available from Asian cohorts on the epidemiology and complications of AF. The present prospective cohort study aims to explore contemporary antithrombotic strategies among the elderly Chinese population in the new era of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants and to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes between Chinese and European AF populations...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706419/cardiac-abnormalities-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-parkinsonism
#3
REVIEW
Fulvio A Scorza, Ana C Fiorini, Carla A Scorza, Josef Finsterer
OBJECTIVES: Though there is increasing evidence for primary cardiac disease in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Parkinsonism (PS), this evidence is hardly included in the general management of these patients. METHODS: Literature review. RESULTS: PD is one of the most common age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Epidemiological studies have shown that PD is accompanied by high rates of premature death compared with the general population. In general, death in PD/PS is usually caused by determinant factors such as pneumonia, cerebrovascular, and cardiovascular disease...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650544/evaluation-and-management-of-right-sided-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#4
REVIEW
Marvin A Konstam, Michael S Kiernan, Daniel Bernstein, Biykem Bozkurt, Miriam Jacob, Navin K Kapur, Robb D Kociol, Eldrin F Lewis, Mandeep R Mehra, Francis D Pagani, Amish N Raval, Carey Ward
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diverse causes of right-sided heart failure (RHF) include, among others, primary cardiomyopathies with right ventricular (RV) involvement, RV ischemia and infarction, volume loading caused by cardiac lesions associated with congenital heart disease and valvular pathologies, and pressure loading resulting from pulmonic stenosis or pulmonary hypertension from a variety of causes, including left-sided heart disease. Progressive RV dysfunction in these disease states is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
May 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622982/cardiovascular-disease-and-abo-blood-groups-in-africans-are-blood-group-a-individuals-at-higher-risk-of-ischemic-disease-a-pilot-study
#5
Djibril Marie Ba, Mamadou Saidou Sow, Aminata Diack, Khadidiatou Dia, Mouhamed Cherif Mboup, Pape Diadie Fall, Moussa Daouda Fall
Background: Since the discovery of the ABO blood group system by Karl Landsteiner in 1901, several reports have suggested an important involvement of the ABO blood group system in the susceptibility to thrombosis. Assessing that non-O blood groups in particular A blood group confer a higher risk of venous and arterial thrombosis than group O.Epidemiologic data are typically not available for all racial and ethnics groups.The purpose of this pilot study was to identify a link between ABO blood group and ischemic disease (ID) in Africans, and to analyze whether A blood group individuals were at higher risk of ischemic disease or not...
December 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492935/trends-in-infective-endocarditis
#6
Khadija Mzoughi, Ihsen Zairi, Samia Ben Hamida, Sofien Kamoun, Fethia Ben Moussa, Sana Fennira, Sondos Kraiem
INTRODUCTION: Infectious endocarditis (IE) is a rare disease with a high mortality. In 2009, the European society of cardiology restricted antibiotic prophylaxis to a smaller number of cardiac conditions with very high risk for IE. Did these changes in the guidelines have an impact on the epidemiological and bacteriological profile of IE? AIM: The main aim of our work was to study the evolution of the microbiological profile of IE from 1991 to 2016. METHODS: We realized an analytic retrospective study comparing two groups: group 1 included patients admitted for a certain IE before September 2009 and group 2 those admitted after that date...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488905/track-calculate-and-optimise-eye-lens-doses-of-interventional-cardiologists-using-meyedose-and-meyedose_x
#7
P Covens, J Dabin, O De Troyer, O Dragusin, J Maushagen, L Struelens
The European epidemiological study EURALOC aimed to establish a dose response relationship for low dose radiation induced eye lens opacities using interventional cardiologists as the study group. Within the EURALOC project, two dosimetry methodologies were developed serving as the basis for cumulative eye lens dose assessment. Besides being the cornerstone of the epidemiological part of the project, these dosimetry methodologies were also used to develop two calculation tools, 'mEyeDose' and 'mEyeDose_X' which enable to track, calculate, optimise and analyse eye lens doses in interventional cardiology...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464808/cancer-diagnosis-in-patients-with-heart-failure-epidemiology-clinical-implications-and-gaps-in-knowledge
#8
REVIEW
Pietro Ameri, Marco Canepa, Markus S Anker, Yury Belenkov, Jutta Bergler-Klein, Alain Cohen-Solal, Dimitrios Farmakis, Teresa López-Fernández, Mitja Lainscak, Radek Pudil, Frank Ruschitska, Petar Seferovic, Gerasimos Filippatos, Andrew Coats, Thomas Suter, Stephan Von Haehling, Fortunato Ciardiello, Rudolf A de Boer, Alexander R Lyon, Carlo G Tocchetti
Cancer and heart failure (HF) are common medical conditions with a steadily rising prevalence in industrialized countries, particularly in the elderly, and they both potentially carry a poor prognosis. A new diagnosis of malignancy in subjects with pre-existing HF is not infrequent, and challenges HF specialists as well as oncologists with complex questions relating to both HF and cancer management. An increased incidence of cancer in patients with established HF has also been suggested. This review paper summarizes the epidemiology and the prognostic implications of cancer occurrence in HF, the impact of pre-existing HF on cancer treatment decisions and the impact of cancer on HF therapeutic options, while providing some practical suggestions regarding patient care and highlighting gaps in knowledge...
May 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451444/survival-and-prognostic-factors-in-cats-with-restrictive-cardiomyopathy-a-review-of-90-cases
#9
Chiara Locatelli, Danitza Pradelli, Giulia Campo, Ilaria Spalla, Alice Savarese, Paola G Brambilla, Claudio Bussadori
Objectives Large studies focusing on restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) in the cat are scarce. The aims of this retrospective study were to describe epidemiological characteristics and to analyse prognostic factors affecting survival in cats with RCM. Methods The clinical archives of the Gran Sasso Veterinary Clinic (Milan, Italy) and of the cardiology unit of the Department of Veterinary Medicine (University of Milan, Italy) from 1997-2015 were reviewed for all cats diagnosed with RCM based on an echocardiographic examination (left atrial/bi-atrial enlargement, normal left ventricle wall thickness, normal or mildly decreased systolic function and restrictive left ventricle filling pattern with pulsed Doppler echocardiography)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366734/left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-predicts-long-term-major-microvascular-complication-outcomes-in-type-1-diabetes-the-pittsburgh-epidemiology-of-diabetes-complications-edc-study-of-childhood-onset-diabetes
#10
Jingchuan Guo, Rachel G Miller, Tina Costacou, William P Follansbee, Trevor J Orchard
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess association between abnormal LVEF, in the absence of coronary artery disease (CAD), and 25-year incidence of major outcomes of diabetes (MOD) in a cardiology substudy of the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications cohort of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes. METHODS: 115 normotensive type 1 diabetes individuals without known CAD, underwent a baseline exercise radionuclide ventriculography. Abnormal LVEF was defined as a resting ejection fraction <50% or a failure to increase ejection fraction with exercise by >5% (men) or a fall in ejection fraction with exercise (women)...
March 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361617/-cardiotoxicity-of-cancer-chemotherapy-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-approach
#11
Hiroshi Akazawa
Recent progress in cancer chemotherapy has improved the long-term outcome for cancer patients. Under such circumstances, it is increasingly of clinical importance to manage the cardiovascular complications, which are related to both cancer itself and adverse effects of cancer therapies. Among the most concerning as cardiovascular complications of cancer therapies is chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity or chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunction(CTRCD). CTRCD has been intuitively classified according to the extent of structural abnormalities and degree of reversibility; type 1 is irreversible and dose-dependent with structural abnormalities, and type 2 is reversible after cessation of treatment and dose-independent without structural abnormalities...
December 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230260/-epidemiological-features-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-study-of-36-cases-in-the-cardiology-department-in-dakar
#12
Malick Bodian, Awa Thiaw, Simon Antoine Sarr, Kana Babaka, Fatou Aw, Aliou Alassane Ngaïde, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Modou Jobe, Alassane Mbaye, Maboury Diao, Moustapha Sarr, Serigne Abdou Ba
Introduction: Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and the kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. In Africa, particularly in Senegal, the incidence of cardiorenal syndrome is not accurately known. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of CRS in the Cardiology Department. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including all patients with heart failure associated with alteration of renal function, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department between April 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217152/advanced-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-in-the-catheterization-laboratory-consensus-document-of-the-working-groups-of-1-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-acute-cardiac-care-and-2-hemodynamic-and-interventional-cardiology-hellenic-cardiological-society
#13
George Latsios, George Mpompotis, Kostas Tsioufis, Kostas Toutouzas, Emmanouil Skalidis, Andreas Synetos, Dimosthenis Avramidis, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The incidence of cardiac (cardiopulmonary) arrest (CA) in the Catheterization Laboratory (Cath Lab) is not common. However, not only does it happen occasionally but also its frequency tends to increase with the increase in the overall number and complexity of interventions performed by interventional cardiologists. METHODS: Therefore, certified knowledge and application of the advanced life support (ALS) protocols by trained Cath Lab staff is imperative in many countries by local hospital standards and law...
December 5, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187100/congenital-heart-defects-in-nigerian-children-preliminary-data-from-the-national-pediatric-cardiac-registry
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ekanem N Ekure, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Wilson E Sadoh, Adeola A Orogade, Barbara E Otaigbe, Fortune Ujunwa, Usman M Sani, Mustafa Asani, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are common birth defects with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. We aimed to compare regional patterns of CHDs in Nigeria using a registry-based approach. METHODS: Children with echocardiography-confirmed CHDs at 17 medical centers across the country were enrolled in a pilot National Pediatric Cardiac Registry from January to December 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,296 children (52.9% male; median age 0...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176079/if-the-framingham-heart-study-did-not-invent-the-risk-factor-who-did
#15
David Shumway Jones, Gerald M Oppenheimer
Most historians, epidemiologists, and physicians credit the Framing-ham Heart Study for introducing the term "risk factor" to public health and medicine. Many add that the term came from life insurance companies. This familiar history is incorrect. Taking advantage of the expanding availability of digitized and full-text searchable journals, textbooks, newspapers, and other sources, we have uncovered a deeper and broader history. Antecedent concepts (such as risk, factor, predisposition) have ancient roots...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173599/bipolar-disorder-and-the-vascular-system-mechanisms-and-new-prevention-opportunities
#16
REVIEW
Benjamin I Goldstein
Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with excessive prevalence and premature onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This association is observed internationally in clinical as well as predominantly untreated epidemiologic samples. A number of factors might explain this association in part, including excessive rates of traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), suboptimal lifestyle behaviour s relating to physical activity, nutrition, and use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs, and the use of psychiatric medications with propensity for causing CVRFs...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109195/sleep-apnea-and-cardiovascular-disease-lessons-from-recent-trials-and-need-for-team-science
#17
REVIEW
Luciano F Drager, R Doug McEvoy, Ferran Barbe, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Susan Redline
Emerging research highlights the complex interrelationships between sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease, presenting clinical and research opportunities as well as challenges. Patients presenting to cardiology clinics have a high prevalence of obstructive and central sleep apnea associated with Cheyne-Stokes respiration. Multiple mechanisms have been identified by which sleep disturbances adversely affect cardiovascular structure and function. Epidemiological research indicates that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with increases in the incidence and progression of coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and atrial fibrillation...
November 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061565/cardiovascular-health-in-african-americans-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
REVIEW
Mercedes R Carnethon, Jia Pu, George Howard, Michelle A Albert, Cheryl A M Anderson, Alain G Bertoni, Mahasin S Mujahid, Latha Palaniappan, Herman A Taylor, Monte Willis, Clyde W Yancy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Population-wide reductions in cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality have not been shared equally by African Americans. The burden of cardiovascular disease in the African American community remains high and is a primary cause of disparities in life expectancy between African Americans and whites. The objectives of the present scientific statement are to describe cardiovascular health in African Americans and to highlight unique considerations for disease prevention and management...
November 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054840/contemporary-risk-stratification-after-myocardial-infarction-in-the-community-performance-of-scores-and-incremental-value-of-soluble-suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2
#19
Yariv Gerber, Susan A Weston, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Allan S Jaffe, Sheila M Manemann, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
BACKGROUND: Current American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines recommend the GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) and TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) scores to assess myocardial infarction (MI) prognosis. Changes in the epidemiological characteristics of MI and the availability of new biomarkers warrant an assessment of the performance of these scores in contemporary practice. We assessed the following: (1) the performance of GRACE and TIMI to predict 1-year mortality in a cohort of patients stratified by ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and (2) the incremental discriminatory power of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2, a myocardial fibrosis biomarker...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032140/heart-failure-with-mid-range-borderline-ejection-fraction-clinical-implications-and-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Jeffrey J Hsu, Boback Ziaeian, Gregg C Fonarow
Heart failure (HF) with borderline ejection fraction was first defined in 2013 in the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines as the presence of the typical symptoms of HF and a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 41% to 49%. In 2016, the European Society of Cardiology specified HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) as LVEF of 40% to 49%. This range of LVEF is less well studied compared with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF)...
November 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
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