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Cardiology epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915082/the-heart-failure-pandemic-the-clinical-and-economic-burden-in-greece
#1
P Stafylas, D Farmakis, G Kourlaba, G Giamouzis, K Tsarouhas, N Maniadakis, J Parissis
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of heart failure (HF) patients in Greece as well as the economic burden and the distribution of costs for the management of the disease. METHODS: Eight Greek secondary and tertiary cardiology centres from different cities have participated in a prospective, observational survey, the ESC HF Pilot Survey. 307 patients with HF, 177 hospitalised and 130 outpatients, have been recruited and monitored for 12months...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#2
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909694/2015-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-in-the-philippines-executive-summary-dyslipidemia-guidelines-2015
#3
Adriel E Guerrero
The Philippine Heart Association, the Philippine Lipid and Atherosclerosis Society, and the Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, collaborated to develop the 2015 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2015 CPG). These guidelines are meant to update the 2005 Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2005 CPG). A panel of experts in the fields of dyslipidemia, cardiology, endocrinology and epidemiology were assembled to comprise the technical research committee (TRC) tasked to review available clinical evidence on dyslipidemia management...
October 2016: ASEAN Heart Journal: Official Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886780/global-shifts-in-cardiovascular-disease-the-epidemiologic-transition-and-other-contributing-factors-toward-a-new-practice-of-global-health-cardiology
#4
REVIEW
Walter Mendoza, J Jaime Miranda
One of the major drivers of change in the practice of cardiology is population change. This article discusses the current debate about epidemiologic transition paired with other ongoing transitions with direct relevance to cardiovascular conditions. Challenges specific to patterns of risk factors over time; readiness for disease surveillance and meeting global targets; health system, prevention, and treatment efforts; and physiologic traits and human-environment interactions are identified. This article concludes that a focus on the most populated regions of the world will contribute substantially to protecting the large gains in global survival and life expectancy accrued over the last decades...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883972/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-a-developing-country-incidence-and-trend-monastir-tunisia-2000-2013
#5
Asma Sriha Belguith, Afifa Koubaa Abdelkafi, Sana El Mhamdi, Manel Ben Fredj, Hela Abroug, Arwa Ben Salah, Inès Bouanene, Fahima Hassine, Amal Amara, Sana Bhiri, Abdelkarim Derbel, Habib Gamra, Faouzi Maatouk, Mohamed Soussi Soltani
BACKGROUND: The penicillin therapy of β hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis has aided in the decrease of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in developing countries. Tunisia is an endemic area, however, and incidence of RHD is weakly documented. We aimed at establishing the standardized incidence rate (SIR) of RHD in Monastir governorate and at determining RHD prevalence among hospitalized patients in two cardiology departments. METHODS: From the regional register of Monastir Hospital morbidity, we have selected newly diagnosed patients with RHD, residents of Monastir, and hospitalized to the 2 cardiology departments between 2000 and 2013 (2001 not included)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881567/importance-of-assessing-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-clinical-practice-a-case-for-fitness-as-a-clinical-vital-sign-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#6
Robert Ross, Steven N Blair, Ross Arena, Timothy S Church, Jean-Pierre Després, Barry A Franklin, William L Haskell, Leonard A Kaminsky, Benjamin D Levine, Carl J Lavie, Jonathan Myers, Josef Niebauer, Robert Sallis, Susumu S Sawada, Xuemei Sui, Ulrik Wisløff
Mounting evidence has firmly established that low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality, and mortality rates attributable to various cancers. A growing body of epidemiological and clinical evidence demonstrates not only that CRF is a potentially stronger predictor of mortality than established risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but that the addition of CRF to traditional risk factors significantly improves the reclassification of risk for adverse outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873511/human-coronavirus-in-the-2014-winter-season-as-a-cause-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infection
#7
Kyu Yeun Kim, Song Yi Han, Ho Seong Kim, Hyang Min Cheong, Sung Soon Kim, Dong Soo Kim
PURPOSE: During the late autumn to winter season (October to December) in the Republic of Korea, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common pathogen causing lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). Interestingly, in 2014, human coronavirus (HCoV) caused not only upper respiratory infections but also LRTIs more commonly than in other years. Therefore, we sought to determine the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, outcomes, and severity of illnesses associated with HCoV infections at a single center in Korea...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832612/current-diagnostic-and-treatment-strategies-for-specific-dilated-cardiomyopathies-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#8
Biykem Bozkurt, Monica Colvin, Jennifer Cook, Leslie T Cooper, Anita Deswal, Gregg C Fonarow, Gary S Francis, Daniel Lenihan, Eldrin F Lewis, Dennis M McNamara, Elfriede Pahl, Ramachandran S Vasan, Kumudha Ramasubbu, Kismet Rasmusson, Jeffrey A Towbin, Clyde Yancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821886/microcephaly-in-north-east-brazil-a-retrospective-study-on-neonates-born-between-2012-and-2015
#9
Juliana Sousa Soares de Araújo, Cláudio Teixeira Regis, Renata Grigório Silva Gomes, Thiago Ribeiro Tavares, Cícera Rocha Dos Santos, Patrícia Melo Assunção, Renata Valéria Nóbrega, Diana de Fátima Alves Pinto, Bruno Vinícius Dantas Bezerra, Sandra da Silva Mattos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the number of children born with microcephaly in the State of Paraíba, north-east Brazil. METHODS: We contacted 21 maternity centres belonging to a paediatric cardiology network, with access to information regarding more than 100 000 neonates born between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. For 10% of these neonates, nurses were requested to retrieve head circumference measurements data from delivery-room books. We used three separate criteria to classify whether a neonate had microcephaly: (i) the Brazilian Ministry of Health proposed criterion: term neonates (gestational age ≥ 37 weeks) with a head circumference of less than 32 cm; (ii) Fenton curves: neonates with a head circumference of less than -3 standard deviation for age and gender; or (iii) the proportionality criterion: neonates with a head circumference of less than ((height/2))+10) ± 2...
November 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703287/a-comparison-of-prognostic-value-of-the-levels-of-probnp-and-troponin-t-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-acs
#10
Ioannis Vogiatzis, Irena Dapcevic, Antonis Datsios, Kostas Koutsambasopoulos, Argirios Gontopoulos, Savas Grigoriadis
INTRODUCTION: The propeptide of brain natriuretic peptide (ProBNP) is used for the diagnosis of left ventricle dysfunction and heart failure. In patients with an Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) it can contribute to both short and long term prognosis of cardiovascular events that could be very important for management and therapy of these patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of ProBNP for the clinical course after an acute coronary syndrome, compared with that of cardiac troponine T (cTnT) and the risk stratification of patients with acute coronary syndrome, both during hospitalization and six months later...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671176/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-in-a-pakistani-cohort
#11
Rubab Munir, Sajjad Hussain, Azhar Mahmood Kayani
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographics, risk factors, and clinical presentation in Pakistani patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology, Rawalpindi, from June 2014 to June 2015. METHODOLOGY: Seventy patients meeting criteria of peripartum cardiomyopathy were included in the study. Adetailed history, physical examination and investigations were done...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649630/-giant-coronary-aneurysms-in-infants-with-kawasaki-disease
#12
Antonio Sánchez Andrés, Inmaculada Salvador Mercader, Julia Seller Moya, José Ignacio Carrasco Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis of unknown origin and predominant in males. The long-term effects of the disease depend on whether there are coronary lesions, particularly aneurysms. The prognosis of patients with giant aneurysms is very poor due to their natural progression to coronary thrombosis or severe obstructive lesions. OBJECTIVES: A series of 8 cases is presented where the epidemiology and diagnostic methods are described. The treatment of the acute and long-term cardiovascular sequelae is also reviewed...
September 16, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629835/the-association-between-dental-status-and-systemic-lipid-profile-and-inflammatory-mediators-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction
#13
Bartłomiej Górski, Ewa Nargiełło, Grzegorz Opolski, Ewa Ganowicz, Renata Górska
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiological studies have proven that local infection may influence the levels of systemic lipid profile and inflammatory mediators. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to evaluate the association between the state of the oral cavity, lipids and inflammatory mediator concentrations in Poles after acute myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 134 subjects with a mean age of 54.3 years (± 8.1) were included in the study...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628054/renal-function-and-remission-of-hypertension-after-bariatric-surgery-a-5-year-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Karl J Neff, Gregory Baud, Violeta Raverdy, Robert Caiazzo, Helene Verkindt, François Pattou, Carel W le Roux, Christian Noel
PURPOSE: This study examines the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on renal function for at least 5 years post-operatively in a tertiary referral center for bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study of patients undergoing RYGB and LAGB measured renal function, blood pressure, and diabetes status pre-operatively and then 1 and 5 years post-operatively. Renal function was assessed using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), and Cockcroft-Gault formulae...
September 14, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617797/sex-differences-in-nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-recent-insights-and-substantial-knowledge-gaps
#15
Tracy K Paul, Kaartiga Sivanesan, Joshua Schulman-Marcus
The existence of sex differences in the epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, and management of coronary artery disease (CAD) has been a subject of growing inquiry for the past several decades. The prevailing paradigm is that the prevalence of anatomically obstructive disease of the epicardial coronary arteries is less common in women than similarly aged men, while nonobstructive and microvascular ischemic disease is more prevalent in women. Although both "patterns" of coronary atherosclerosis are associated with angina and cardiovascular events, the dominant diagnostic and therapeutic tools used in cardiology have focused on the male-predominant pattern of anatomically obstructive epicardial CAD...
August 11, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565837/ambulatory-cardiology-network-in-greece-clinical-and-therapeutic-implications-in-the-outpatient-setting-the-teve-ssf-study
#16
Konstantinos E Panagiotopoulos, Eleni E Panagiotopoulou, Konstantinos Katsaros, Georgios Noikokirakis, Maria Mpouziou, Angeliki Stamelou, Savvas Toumanidis
BACKGROUND: Community based registries are particularly valuable tools to Preventive Cardiology as they summarize epidemiological data of ischemic heart disease risk factors, medications and lifestyle characteristics. METHODS: We enrolled 1191 patients, from an outpatient community based cardiology network, dedicated to cover medically, office based professionals. We recorded demographic and lifestyle characteristics, risk factors for ischemic heart disease, all clinical entities diagnosed and therapies which were prescribed for hypertension and lipid disorders specifically...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555292/transgenerational-cardiology-one-way-to-a-baby-s-heart-is-through-the-mother
#17
Patrick Y Jay, Ehiole Akhirome, Rachel A Magnan, M Rebecca Zhang, Lillian Kang, Yidan Qin, Nelson Ugwu, Suk Dev Regmi, Julie M Nogee, James M Cheverud
Despite decades of progress, congenital heart disease remains a major cause of mortality and suffering in children and young adults. Prevention would be ideal, but formidable biological and technical hurdles face any intervention that seeks to target the main causes, genetic mutations in the embryo. Other factors, however, significantly modify the total risk in individuals who carry mutations. Investigation of these factors could lead to an alternative approach to prevention. To define the risk modifiers, our group has taken an "experimental epidemiologic" approach via inbred mouse strain crosses...
November 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550974/added-sugars-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-children-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
Miriam B Vos, Jill L Kaar, Jean A Welsh, Linda V Van Horn, Daniel I Feig, Cheryl A M Anderson, Mahesh J Patel, Jessica Cruz Munos, Nancy F Krebs, Stavra A Xanthakos, Rachel K Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor lifestyle behaviors are leading causes of preventable diseases globally. Added sugars contribute to a diet that is energy dense but nutrient poor and increase risk of developing obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, obesity-related cancers, and dental caries. METHODS AND RESULTS: For this American Heart Association scientific statement, the writing group reviewed and graded the current scientific evidence for studies examining the cardiovascular health effects of added sugars on children...
August 22, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545123/-chinese-expert-consensus-on-the-blood-cholesterol-lowering-medications-for-primary-prevention-in-patients-with-hypertension
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528691/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#20
Deborah Rohm Young, Marie-France Hivert, Sofiya Alhassan, Sarah M Camhi, Jane F Ferguson, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Cora E Lewis, Neville Owen, Cynthia K Perry, Juned Siddique, Celina M Yong
Epidemiological evidence is accumulating that indicates greater time spent in sedentary behavior is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adults such that some countries have disseminated broad guidelines that recommend minimizing sedentary behaviors. Research examining the possible deleterious consequences of excess sedentary behavior is rapidly evolving, with the epidemiology-based literature ahead of potential biological mechanisms that might explain the observed associations...
September 27, 2016: Circulation
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