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Orthopedic surgeries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138696/use-of-common-inflammatory-markers-in-the-long-term-screening-of-total-hip-arthroprosthesis-infections-our-experience
#1
Gabriele Falzarano, Antonio Piscopo, Predrag Grubor, Giuseppe Rollo, Antonio Medici, Valerio Pipola, Michele Bisaccia, Auro Caraffa, Elizabeth Mary Barron, Francesco Nobile, Raffaele Cioffi, Luigi Meccariello
Orthopedic implants have become essential components of modern medicine. The risk of infection of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is 1.5%-2%. Are the C-reactive protein (CRP), the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and procalcitonin (PCT) good markers for THA infection screenings? From February 2009 to December 2012 at our Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, 1248 patients were treated with THA. No prosthesis was cemented. All patients received antibiotic prophylaxis. All patients were discharged approximately 7...
2017: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138688/effect-on-chest-deformation-of-simultaneous-correction-of-pectus-excavatum-with-scoliosis
#2
Jin-Duo Ye, Guang-Pu Lu, Jing-Jing Feng, Wei-Hong Zhong
Objective: This paper is to understand the effect of simultaneous correction of pectus excavatum with scoliosis and to provide some useful information for clinical orthopedic surgery design. Methods: The method of a three-dimensional reconstruction has been used to the reconstruction of the chest model of pectus excavatum with scoliosis, and the numerical stimulation has been conducted to the process of minimally invasive correction. Three kinds of correction methods have been considered in the numerical simulation, stretch spine, stretch spine and minimally invasive correction at the same time, and release stretch spine after stretch spine and minimally invasive correction of pectus excavatum at the same time...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137023/a-case-report-of-schatzker-type-vi-tibial-plateau-fracture-treated-with-double-reverse-traction-closed-reduction-combined-with-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-plate-osteosynthesis-technique-a-case-report
#3
Dian-Qing Li, De-Ye Song, Jiang-Dong Ni, Mu-Liang Ding, Jun Huang
RATIONALE: The knee joint is an important weight-bearing joint, tibial plateau fractures affect knee function and stability. High-energy intra-articular fractures involving the tibial plateau can cause management-related problems such as wound dehiscence; severe comminution leading to malalignment; and delayed complications such as varus collapse, implant failure, and arthritis of the knee joint. The treatment of severe or complex tibial plateau fractures can be quite difficult. Traditional methods of open reduction and plating require extensive exposures, which may further compromise soft tissue and devascularize bone fragments, leading to infection...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137014/radiological-manifestations-and-surgical-outcome-of-combined-upper-cervical-cord-compression-and-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#4
Hao Li, Xiaopeng Zhou, Gang Chen, Fangcai Li, Junfeng Zhu, Qixin Chen
Combined upper cervical cord compression associated with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a rare and under-recognized disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate the radiological manifestations and surgical outcome of this combined disease.Between May 2011 and July 2015, patients who underwent surgery for combined upper cervical cord compression and cervical OPLL in our institution were included in this study. After a minimum 2-year follow-up, radiological and clinical data were collected...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136257/risk-factors-for-pathological-fracture-and-metastatic-epidural-spinal-cord-compression-in-patients-with-spinal-metastases
#5
Catherine S Hibberd, Gerald M Y Quan
Vertebral pathological fracture and metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) due to metastatic cancer inevitably cause pain, neurological deficit, impaired function, and decreased quality of life and are indications for surgery. In such cases, earlier surgical intervention has the potential to prevent permanent neurological deficit and disability and to maintain function and quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify and evaluate risk factors for pathological fracture and MESCC in patients with spinal metastases...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136255/loss-of-internal-tibial-rotation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Shawn R Brandenburg, Thomas M Matelic
The flexion angle of the knee and the position of the tibia need to be considered during tensioning of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft to avoid overconstraining the knee. The purpose of this report was to describe 2 cases of loss of tibial internal rotation after single-bundle anatomic ACL reconstruction with graft tensioning in flexion. Retrospective review of each patient's operative chart revealed that the graft was tensioned in flexion and placed in an anatomic position in the femoral tunnel at the time of the index operation...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136254/completion-of-multiple-fellowships-by-orthopedic-surgeons-analysis-of-the-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery-certification-database
#7
J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels, Wesley Durand, Brandon Kingrey, John Prodromo, Mary K Mulcahey
Orthopedic surgeons have become increasingly subspecialized, and recent studies have shown that American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Step II applicants are performing a higher percentage of their cases within their chosen subspecialties. However, these studies focused exclusively on surgeons who have completed a single fellowship; little data exist on those who pursue a second fellowship. All applicants to the ABOS Part II examination from 2004 to 2016 were classified by their self-reported fellowship training history using the ABOS Part II examination database...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136218/measurement-of-radiation-doses-to-the-eye-lens-during-orthopedic-surgery-using-an-c-arm-x-ray-system
#8
Akira Suzuki, Kosuke Matsubara, Yuko Sasa
The present study aimed to determine doses delivered to the eye lenses of surgeons while using the inverted-C-arm technique and the protective effect of leaded spectacles during orthopedic surgery. The kerma in air was measured at five positions on leaded glasses positioned near the eye lens and on the neck using small optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosemeters. The lens equivalent dose was also measured at the neck using an OSL dosemeter. The maximum equivalent dose to the eye lens and the maximum kerma were 0...
November 10, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135566/management-of-hypertonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#9
Nickolas J Nahm, H Kerr Graham, Mark E Gormley, Andrew G Georgiadis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review provides an update on the treatment of hypertonia in cerebral palsy, including physical management, pharmacotherapy, neurosurgical, and orthopedic procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Serial casting potentiates the effect of Botulinum neurotoxin A injections for spasticity. Deep brain stimulation, intraventricular baclofen, and ventral and dorsal rhizotomy are emerging tools for the treatment of dystonia and/or mixed tone. The long-term results of selective dorsal rhizotomy and the timing of orthopedic surgery represent recent advances in the surgical management of hypertonia...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135529/acute-coronary-artery-thrombus-after-tranexamic-acid-during-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-coronary-stents-a-case-report
#10
Kathryn H Bridges, Sylvia H Wilson
Tranexamic Acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic, is routinely used to decrease transfusion rates in total joint replacement surgery. While recent publications have indicated a low risk of TXA-associated thromboembolic events in this orthopedic population, few studies specifically address the safety of TXA administration in high-risk patients. We present a case of acute coronary thrombus requiring emergent intervention in a patient with indwelling coronary stents who underwent shoulder arthroplasty with TXA administration...
November 9, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129354/surgical-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-bone-metastases-in-germ-cell-tumors-a-case-series
#11
Alessandro Nini, Marcus Konieczny, Christian Winter, Achim Lusch, Rüdiger Krauspe, Peter Albers
OBJECTIVE: To report perioperative and oncological outcomes of patients with nodal and bone involvement treated with postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) and simultaneous bone resection (BR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2016, 14 consecutive unselected TC patients with nodal and bone involvement underwent PC-RPLND and BR. Surgery was performed together with orthopedic surgeons. Standard PC-RPLNDs were performed in 4 patients...
November 9, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127019/a-survey-on-recent-medical-school-graduate-comfort-with-the-level-1-milestones
#12
Michael E Petravick, J Lawrence Marsh, Matthew D Karam, Douglas R Dirschl
OBJECTIVE: The Next Accreditation System implemented 5 levels of milestones for orthopedic surgery residents in 2013. The Level 1 milestones were noted as those "expected of an incoming resident." While the milestones were intended for assessing resident progression and readiness for independent practice, this designation can also be used to assess how well prepared graduating medical students are for beginning an orthopedic surgery residency. The primary objective of this paper is to measure recent medical school graduate comfort with the Level 1 milestones...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127017/the-educational-opportunities-provided-by-a-pediatric-orthopedic-urgent-case-review-conference-keep-score-to-provide-a-better-experience
#13
Eric D Shirley, Radu Gheorghe, Kevin M Neal, Gary Kiebzak, Steven L Frick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution of conditions presented at a case conference to assess resident educational exposure to acute pediatric orthopedic conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective review of emergency department and inpatient consultations presented at a daily pediatric orthopedic case conference over a 3-year period. Consultations were divided into 3-month resident rotation blocks for analysis. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital in the southern United States which host residents from 2 orthopedic surgery residency programs...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126382/analysis-of-medical-service-use-of-knee-osteoarthritis-and-knee-meniscal-and-ligament-injuries-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study-of-national-patient-sample-data
#14
Chang Yong Suh, Yoon Jae Lee, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Wonil Koh, Yun-Yeop Cha, Byung-Cheul Shin, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Kristin Suhr, Mia Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) and meniscal and ligament injuries of the knee are the two most common knee disorders in Korea. The aim of this study was to analyze the demographic characteristics, medical service use and related costs for these disorders, and the results are expected to help inform practitioners, researchers, and policy-makers. METHODS: The present study aimed to evaluate incidence and patient characteristics, and to assess current medical service use, usual care, and medical expenses of knee disorders by analyzing 2014 national patient sample data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service...
November 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126349/bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-cartilage-defects-of-the-knee-from-bench-to-bedside-evidence
#15
Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Adam B Yanke, Susan Chubinskaya
Objective To critically evaluate the current basic science, translational, and clinical data regarding bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) in the setting of focal cartilage defects of the knee and describe clinical indications and future research questions surrounding the clinical utility of BMAC for treatment of these lesions. Design A literature search was performed using the PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE databases for studies in English (1980-2017) using keywords, including ["bone marrow aspirate" and "cartilage"], ["mesenchymal stem cells" and "cartilage"], and ["bone marrow aspirate" and "mesenchymal stem cells" and "orthopedics"]...
November 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126259/an-open-label-study-of-sufentanil-sublingual-tablet-30%C3%A2-mcg-in-patients-with-postoperative-pain
#16
Jacob L Hutchins, David A Leiman, Harold S Minkowitz, Maurice Jove, Karen P DiDonato, Pamela P Palmer
Objective: To evaluate sufentanil sublingual tablet 30 mcg (SST 30 mcg) for postoperative pain in an older patient population with comorbidities. Design: Multicenter, open-label, single-arm study. Setting: Nine hospitals across the United States. Subjects: Adults aged ≥40 years who had undergone a surgical procedure. Methods: Patients with a postoperative pain intensity score ≥4 on an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) were allowed to enter the study and receive SST 30 mcg as requested for pain (minimum 60-minute redosing interval) over the 12-hour study period...
November 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126042/successful-treatment-of-infected-wound-dehiscence-after-minimally-invasive-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-of-tibial-pilon-and-calcaneal-fractures-by-plate-preservation-surgical-debridement-and-antibiotics
#17
Giandavide Ieropoli, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Silvia Chiara Zompi, Umberto Morozzo, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to present a case series that illustrates possible benefits from combining minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), plastic surgery and antibiotic therapy, in order to treat and eradicate infection in patients with tibial pilon or calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with dehiscence of the surgical wound in outcomes MIPO using a Locking Compression Plate (LCP) for tibial pilon, or calcaneus fractures. The patients had developed a documented infection of the surgical wound...
October 23, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125861/identification-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients-at-risk-for-adverse-in-hospital-outcomes-in-a-university-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-environment
#18
Janine Gronewold, Christian Dahlmann, Marcus Jäger, Dirk M Hermann
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of demographic changes, hospitals are confronted with increasing numbers of elderly patients, who are at high risk of adverse events during hospitalization. Geriatric risk screening followed by comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and treatment has been requested by geriatric societies and task forces to identify patients at risk. Since empirical evidence on factors predisposing to adverse hospital events is scarce, we now prospectively evaluated implications of geriatric risk screening followed by CGA in a university hospital department of orthopedics and trauma surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125819/how-successful-are-turkish-orthopedists-in-complying-with-time-limit-in-scientific-presentations
#19
Nadir Yalçın, Enes Uluyardımcı, İbrahim Bozkurt
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the durations of scientific presentations and factors affecting the rates of exceeding the time limit in presentations at 26th Turkish National Congress of Orthopedics and Traumatology, which is one of Turkey's largest nationally organized orthopedics and traumatology meetings in terms of the numbers of speakers and participators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Speech durations of Turkish orthopedists and the rates of these durations against the durations specified in the schedule were calculated...
December 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121841/prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filter-utilization-and-risk-factors-for-nonretrieval
#20
Jordan R Stern, Danielle E Cafasso, Andrew J Meltzer, Darren B Schneider, Sharif H Ellozy, Peter H Connolly
PURPOSE: Inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) are often placed for prophylactic indications. We sought to better define the range of practice indications for placement of prophylactic IVCFs, as well as the specific retrieval rate and risk factors for nonretrieval. METHODS: A retrospective, single-institution review of patients undergoing IVCF placement over a 2-year period was performed. Patients undergoing prophylactic IVCF placement were selected from a prospectively collected database...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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