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Interleukin-18

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106835/highly-expression-of-cd11b-and-cd32-on-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-patients-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#1
Hyoun-Ah Kim, Bunsoon Choi, Chang-Hee Suh, Mi Hwa Han, Ju-Yang Jung, Hasan M Sayeed, Ye Won Kim, Seonghyang Sohn
BACKGROUND: We investigated the potential role of several pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs; CD11b, CD11c, CD32, CD206, CD209, and dectin-1) in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). METHODS: The study included 13 untreated AOSD patients, 19 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients (as a disease control), and 19 healthy controls (HCs). The PRRs were quantified in peripheral blood using flow cytometry. The serum levels of interleukin-17 (IL-17), IL-18, and IL-23 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096677/long-term-bicycle-riding-ameliorates-the-depression-of-the-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-by-affecting-the-levels-of-interleukin-6-and-interleukin-18
#2
Chunhui Zhao, Hui Ma, Lei Yang, Yong Xiao
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis patients with depression have a higher risk of death and hospitalization. Although there is pharmacological management for the depression of hemodialysis patients, the adverse effect of the drug limits the use. The nonpharmacological way, bicycle riding, may be an effective way for the therapy of the depression in hemodialysis patients. However, the underlying mechanism of this relationship is still not fully explained, while interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) are associated with depression and exercise...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087305/circulating-interleukin-18-il-18-is-a-predictor-of-response-to-gemcitabine-based-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#3
Çiğdem Usul Afsar, Mehmet Karabulut, Senem Karabulut, Halil Alis, Murat Gonenc, Nergiz Dagoglu, Murat Serilmez, Faruk Tas
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate the serum levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) and the relationship with tumor progression and known prognostic parameters. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with PA were studied. Serum samples were obtained on first admission before any treatment. Serum IL-18 levels were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Age- and sex-matched 30 healthy controls were included in the analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077069/a-pilot-study-of-brisk-walking-in-sedentary-combination-antiretroviral-treatement-cart-treated-patients-benefit-on-soluble-and-cell-inflammatory-markers
#4
Matteo Bonato, Laura Galli, Laura Passeri, Valeria Longo, Gaspare Pavei, Simona Bossolasco, Cecilia Bertocchi, Massimo Cernuschi, Giuseppe Balconi, Giampiero Merati, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonio La Torre, Paola Cinque
BACKGROUND: Chronic HIV infection is associated with low-level inflammation and increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. The objective was to assess the effects of moderate intensity exercise on metabolic and inflammatory markers in HIV-infected treated persons. METHODS: This was a pilot study enrolling cART-treated, sedentary persons with metabolic complications in a 12-week protocol, consisting of three sessions per week of 60 min brisk walking with (strength-walk group) or without (walk group) 30 min circuit-training...
January 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076311/biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-the-pathway-from-discovery-to-clinical-adoption
#5
Kianoush Kashani, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Claudio Ronco
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of critical illnesses and has a significant impact on outcomes, including mortality and morbidities. Unfortunately, apart from prophylactic measures, no effective treatment for this syndrome is known. Therefore, early recognition of AKI not only can provide better opportunities for preventive interventions, but also opens many gates for research and development of effective therapeutic options. Over the last few years, several new AKI biomarkers have been discovered and validated to improve early detection, differential diagnosis, and differentiation of patients into risk groups for progressive renal failure, need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), or death...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073424/-nacht-lrr-pyd-containing-proteins-3-inflammasome-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
X J Gao, S Lin, Y Y Zhu
NACHT-LRR-PYD-containing proteins 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome regulates the maturation and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin-1β and interleukin-18, as well as immune and inflammatory response, through the activation of cysteine aspartate specific protease-1. Inflammatory response caused by the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome may participate in the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Therefore, exploration of the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in NAFLD is important for the understanding of the pathogenesis of NAFLD and discovery of new therapeutic targets...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065798/monitoring-treatment-of-acute-kidney-injury-with-damage-biomarkers
#7
T J Pianta, L Succar, T Davidson, N A Buckley, Z H Endre
BACKGROUND: Damage biomarkers may identify mechanisms and sites of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the utility of novel AKI biomarkers differs by context, and their utility for monitoring treatment of AKI is unknown. We hypothesized that selected AKI biomarkers would facilitate monitoring of mechanism-specific treatment. We examined this using a panel of biomarkers to monitor cisplatin-induced AKI treatment with alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA) that has previously been demonstrated to ameliorate cisplatin induced AKI...
January 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057160/-glabridin-reduces-lipopolysaccharide-induced-lung-injury-in-rats-by-inhibiting-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-extracellular-regulated-protein-kinases-signaling-pathway
#8
L P Zhang, J G Li
Objective: To investigate whether glabridin has a beneficial effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats, and to explore the possible underlying mechanisms. Methods: Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned into control group, model group (LPS group), glabridin group (GLA group), and ulinastatin group (UTI group), with 8 rats in each group. ARDS rat model was reproduced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg). The rats in the control group received an equal volume of normal saline at the same times...
December 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054933/association-of-hiv-infection-with-biomarkers-of-kidney-injury-and-fibrosis-in-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study
#9
Vasantha Jotwani, Rebecca Scherzer, Michelle M Estrella, Lisa P Jacobson, Mallory D Witt, Frank Palella, Ken Ho, Michael Bennett, Chirag R Parikh, Joachim H Ix, Michael Shlipak
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common among HIV-infected individuals, but serum creatinine is insensitive for detecting kidney damage at early stages. We hypothesized that HIV infection would be associated with elevations in subclinical markers of kidney injury and fibrosis in a contemporary cohort of men. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we measured urine levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), pro-collagen type III N-terminal pro-peptide (PIIINP), and albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) in 813 HIV-infected and 331 uninfected men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study...
January 5, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039487/glabridin-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-p38mapk-erk-signaling-pathway
#10
Li-Peng Zhang, Yan Zhao, Guo-Juan Liu, Da-Gang Yang, Yi-Huan Dong, Li-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a complication caused by pulmonary and/or external factors. In this study, we investigated the protective mechanisms of glabridin in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced ARDS in rats. RESULTS: GLA treatment at dose of 30 mg/kg decreased LPS-induced lung W/D ratio and alleviated evident lung histopathological changes. Expressions of TNF-α and IL-18 were suppressed by GLA in plasma. The levels of SPA, MDA and NO in lung were down-regulated significantly in groups administrated with GLA...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033581/irhom2-is-involved-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-cardiac-injury-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-through-regulating-inflammation-response
#11
Xue-Li Lu, Cui-Hua Zhao, Han Zhang, Xin-Liang Yao
Heart is a complex assembly of many cell types constituting of myocardium, endocardium and epicardium that intensively communicate to each other in order to maintain the proper cardiac function. Previous research has demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can induce myocardial dysfunction. iRhom2 is encoded by the gene Rhbdf2, regulating inflammation via tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). In this study, we attempted to investigate the role of iRhom2 in LPS-induced cardiac injury and clarify the potential mechanism...
December 26, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027994/variations-in-il-1r1-gene-influence-risk-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-of-children-in-a-han-chinese-population
#12
Jie Fan, Yiling Cai, Xin Huang, Yan Wang, Lihong Mu, Li Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Host genetic factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, the role of Interleukin1Receptor, Type I (IL-1R1) gene in HBV infection and breakthrough infection in children remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between SNPs in IL-1 family and HBV infection and breakthrough infection in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 627 Chinese children (274 HBV infected children and 353 controls) ages 6 months to 12 years were recruited from October 2013 to May 2015...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013367/actin-polymerization-plays-a-significant-role-in-asbestos-induced-inflammasome-activation-in-mesothelial-cells-in-vitro
#13
Maximilian MacPherson, Catherine Westbom, Helen Kogan, Arti Shukla
Asbestos exposure leads to malignant mesothelioma (MM), a deadly neoplasm of mesothelial cells of various locations. Although there is no doubt about the role of asbestos in MM tumorigenesis, mechanisms are still not well explored. Recently, our group demonstrated that asbestos causes inflammasome priming and activation in mesothelial cells, which in part is dependent on oxidative stress. Our current study sheds light on yet another mechanism of inflammasome activation by asbestos. Here we show the role of actin polymerization in asbestos-induced activation of the nod-like receptor pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome...
December 24, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013112/urine-interleukin-18-and-lipocalin-2-are-biomarkers-of-acute-tubular-necrosis-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jeremy Puthumana, Xavier Ariza, Justin M Belcher, Isabel Graupera, Pere Ginès, Chirag R Parikh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients with cirrhosis that increases mortality. The most common causes of AKI in these patients are prerenal azotemia, acute tubular necrosis (ATN), and hepatorenal syndrome; it is important to determine the etiology of AKI to select the proper treatment and predict patient outcome. Urine biomarkers could be used to differentiate between patients with ATN and functional causes of AKI. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis of published studies to determine whether urine levels of interleukin 18 (IL18) and lipocalin 2 (LCN2 or NGAL) associate with development of ATN in patients with cirrhosis...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002583/association-between-il18-607c-a-and-137g-c-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#15
W Y Gan, H M Li, Y G Zhang, C M Li, Y Wang
Lung cancer is one of the main causes of cancer-related mortality in males and females worldwide. A pleiotropic effect has been observed in the interleukin 18 gene (IL18); its effects include the activation of natural killer cell cytotoxicity and the promotion of the Th1 immune response through the alteration of the expression of interferon-γ and TNF-α in humans. IL18 is therefore involved in the elimination of tumor cells in the human body. We recruited 357 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 414 controls to evaluate the correlation between two genetic variations (IL18-607C/A and IL18-137G/C) and the pathogenesis of NSCLC...
December 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000712/genetic-polymorphisms-137-rs187238-and-607-rs1946518-in-the-interleukin-18-promoter-may-not-be-associated-with-development-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Shao-Liang Zhu, Yun Zhao, Xue-Ying Hu, Tao Luo, Zu-Shun Chen, Yu Zhang, Shui-Hua Yang, Lu Zhou, Le-Qun Li
This study meta-analyzed the literature on possible association of polymorphisms -137 (rs187238) and -607 (rs1946518) in the interleukin-18 (IL-18) promoter with risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The analysis included 8 case-control studies on the -137 polymorphism (1,318 cases, 2,254 controls) and 7 case-control studies on the -607 polymorphism (1,262 cases, 1,696 controls). None of the five genetic models suggested a significant association between the -137 polymorphism and HCC risk: allelic model, OR 0...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999370/effect-of-lead-pb-on-inflammatory-processes-in-the-brain
#17
REVIEW
Karina Chibowska, Irena Baranowska-Bosiacka, Anna Falkowska, Izabela Gutowska, Marta Goschorska, Dariusz Chlubek
That the nervous system is the main target of lead (Pb) has long been considered an established fact until recent evidence has linked the Pb effect on the immune system to the toxic effects of Pb on the nervous system. In this paper, we present recent literature reports on the effect of Pb on the inflammatory processes in the brain, particularly the expression of selected cytokines in the brain (interleukin 6, TGF-β1, interleukin 16, interleukin 18, and interleukin 10); expression and activity of enzymes participating in the inflammatory processes, such as cyclooxygenase 2, caspase 1, nitrogen oxide synthase (NOS 2) and proteases (carboxypeptidases, metalloproteinases and chymotrypsin); and the expression of purine receptors P2X4 and P2X7...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997912/analysis-of-the-indicating-value-of-cardiac-troponin-i-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-interleukin-18-mir-1-and-mir-146b-for-viral-myocarditis-among-children
#18
Dahui Wang, Taijun Li, Hongjie Cui, Yanming Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnosis effect of serum protein factors and microRNAs for children suffering from viral myocarditis (VMC). METHODS: The expression levels of serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in both VMC and control groups were examined by using the Elisa Kit. The expression levels of miR-1 and miR-146b were measured through RT-PCR. Subsequently, the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn based on the diagnostic results of VMC...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993956/association-of-kidney-function-and-early-kidney-injury-with-incident-hypertension-in-hiv-infected-women
#19
Simon B Ascher, Rebecca Scherzer, Carmen A Peralta, Phyllis C Tien, Carl Grunfeld, Michelle M Estrella, Alison Abraham, Deborah R Gustafson, Marek Nowicki, Anjali Sharma, Mardge H Cohen, Anthony W Butch, Mary A Young, Michael R Bennett, Michael G Shlipak
Subclinical kidney disease is associated with developing hypertension in the general population, but data are lacking among HIV-infected people. We examined associations of kidney function and injury with incident hypertension in 823 HIV-infected and 267 HIV-uninfected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study, a multicenter, prospective cohort of HIV-infected and uninfected women in the United States. Baseline kidney biomarkers included estimated glomerular filtration rate using cystatin C, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio, and 7 urine biomarkers of tubular injury: α-1-microglobulin, interleukin-18, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, liver fatty acid-binding protein, N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase, and α1-acid-glycoprotein...
February 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982687/angiotensinogen-and-interleukin-18-as-markers-of-chronic-kidney-damage-in-children-with-a-history-of-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#20
K Lipiec, P Adamczyk, E Świętochowska, K Ziora, M Szczepańska
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a type of thrombotic microangiopathy, in the course of which some patients may develop chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is clinically important to investigate the markers of a poor prognosis. The levels of angiotensinogen (AGT) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in serum and urine were evaluated. Study was conducted in 29 children with a history of HUS. Serum and urine AGT concentration was significantly higher in children after HUS as compared to the control group. No differences depending on the type of HUS and gender were noted...
December 16, 2016: Physiological Research
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