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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210529/awareness-of-gestational-diabetes-and-its-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-samoa
#1
Lucy Anne Price, Lauren Jade Lock, Lucy Elizabeth Archer, Zubair Ahmed
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#2
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202384/implementing-take-home-naloxone-in-an-urban-community-pharmacy
#3
Joshua L Akers, Ryan N Hansen, Ryan D Oftebro
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and mortality associated with opioid use have increased across the nation, growing into what can only be described as an epidemic. SETTING: In Washington State between 2002 and 2004, the statewide death rate attributed to any opioid was 6.6 per 100,000 people, but between 2011 and 2013 it increased to 8.6 per 100,000 people. Pharmacies provide a unique access point for harm reduction services to patients due to their ease of accessibility in the community...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195029/the-problem-of-epistemic-jurisdiction-in-global-governance-the-case-of-sustainability-standards-for-biofuels
#4
David E Winickoff, Matthieu Mondou
While there is ample scholarly work on regulatory science within the state, or single-sited global institutions, there is less on its operation within complex modes of global governance that are decentered, overlapping, multi-sectorial and multi-leveled. Using a co-productionist framework, this study identifies 'epistemic jurisdiction' - the power to produce or warrant technical knowledge for a given political community, topical arena or geographical territory - as a central problem for regulatory science in complex governance...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179245/ceftaroline-for-the-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia
#5
Bryan Pinckney White, Katie E Barber, Kayla R Stover
PURPOSE: The utility of ceftaroline for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (MRSAB) is reviewed. SUMMARY: Ceftaroline was originally approved for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) and acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) but recently received an additional approval for the treatment of S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) associated with ABSSSIs. Ceftaroline has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of MRSAB, including isolates with elevated minimum inhibitory concentrations to conventional therapy when used alone or in combination with other agents...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173807/harm-reduction-through-housing-first-an-assessment-of-the-emergency-warming-centre-in-inuvik-canada
#6
Michael G Young, Kathleen Manion
BACKGROUND: This research examines the effectiveness of an Emergency Warming Centre (EWC) in Inuvik, Canada, at reducing rates of morbidity and mortality for homeless persons with concurrent disorders (mental health problems and addictions). Inuvik is a small town of approximately 3500 residents, with over 65% being Aboriginal. The town is situated on the Beaufort Delta in the Western Canadian Arctic and is subject to oil and gas extraction-based boom and bust economic cycles. The centre provided food and accommodation for those under the influence of alcohol or drugs who had no other place to stay...
February 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168100/an-updated-assessment-of-symbiodinium-spp-that-associate-with-common-scleractinian-corals-from-moorea-french-polynesia-reveals-high-diversity-among-background-symbionts-and-a-novel-finding-of-clade-b
#7
Héloïse Rouzé, Gaël J Lecellier, Denis Saulnier, Serge Planes, Yannick Gueguen, Herman H Wirshing, Véronique Berteaux-Lecellier
The adaptative bleaching hypothesis (ABH) states that, depending on the symbiotic flexibility of coral hosts (i.e., the ability of corals to "switch" or "shuffle" their algal symbionts), coral bleaching can lead to a change in the composition of their associated Symbiodinium community and, thus, contribute to the coral's overall survival. In order to determine the flexibility of corals, molecular tools are required to provide accurate species delineations and to detect low levels of coral-associated Symbiodinium...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166763/how-anthropogenic-changes-may-affect-soil-borne-parasite-diversity-plant-parasitic-nematode-communities-associated-with-olive-trees-in-morocco-as-a-case-study
#8
Nadine Ali, Johannes Tavoillot, Guillaume Besnard, Bouchaib Khadari, Ewa Dmowska, Grażyna Winiszewska, Odile Fossati-Gaschignard, Mohammed Ater, Mohamed Aït Hamza, Abdelhamid El Mousadik, Aïcha El Oualkadi, Abdelmajid Moukhli, Laila Essalouh, Ahmed El Bakkali, Elodie Chapuis, Thierry Mateille
BACKGROUND: Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) are major crop pests. On olive (Olea europaea), they significantly contribute to economic losses in the top-ten olive producing countries in the world especially in nurseries and under cropping intensification. The diversity and the structure of PPN communities respond to environmental and anthropogenic forces. The olive tree is a good host plant model to understand the impact of such forces on PPN diversity since it grows according to different modalities (wild, feral and cultivated olives)...
February 6, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156570/lessons-learned-from-a-clinical-research-partnership-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#9
Karla T Washington, Diane L Huenke
: 238 Background: Palliative care providers and investigators at the University of Missouri developed a clinical-research partnership to conduct a randomized clinical trial (R21CA191165; NCT02427490; PI: Washington) of a technologically-mediated intervention for family caregivers of cancer patients aimed at decreasing caregivers' distress and improving their quality of life. As the first year of the project drew to a close, the clinician-research team sought to systematically examine the challenges they had encountered conducting research in the outpatient palliative care clinic, which serves a 91-county catchment area that is highly rural and underserved, and to document the strategies they had employed to address them...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154355/educational-interventions-and-evaluation-for-obesity-prevention-in-preschool-children-in-local-communities
#10
Nobuo Yoshiike, Maiko Iwabe, Yoshiko Yoshioka
Educational interventions for obesity prevention from early childhood is one of the important measures in health promotion policies, especially in locations where obesity and overweight in school and preschool children are prevalent, such as in the Aomori Prefecture. The Aomori Prefecture government started a new demonstration project in FY 2014 that targeted children in nursing schools for the prevention of obesity through both population approaches (nutrition/physical activity education and nutrition management in lunch programs) and individual approaches to solving overweight in children...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150191/-it-s-kind-of-a-dichotomy-thoughts-related-to-calling-and-purpose-from-pastors-working-and-counseling-in-urban-resource-poor-communities
#11
Jennifer Shepard Payne
Pastors serving low-income urban areas are first-responders to emotional issues by default, since fewer mental health resources are available. Thus, it is important to understand how pastors serving urban resource-poor areas reflect on their counseling role. Forty-eight Black, Hispanic, and White pastors with urban congregations in Los Angeles or Chicago reflect on their pastoral calling and its relation to their counseling role. Through phenomenology, the pastors' lived experiences as they counseled in an urban context were explored...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137323/challenging-assumptions-what-do-we-need-to-address-in-our-disaster-risk-reduction-efforts
#12
Tudor A Codreanu, Hanh Ngo, Andrew Robertson, Antonio Celenza
: Introduction Specific knowledge and skills are required, especially in the first 72 hours post-disaster, to bridge the time gap until essential services are restored and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can focus on individuals' needs. This study explores disaster knowledge and preparedness in the first 72 hours as a function of the individual's engagement in discussions about disasters, and several other factors (both at personal and community/country level), as well as the entities/organizations perceived by the individual as being responsible for disaster risk reduction (DRR) education...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130297/use-of-acetate-propionate-and-butyrate-for-reduction-of-nitrate-and-sulfate-and-methanogenesis-in-microcosms-and-bioreactors-simulating-an-oil-reservoir
#13
Chuan Chen, Yin Shen, Dongshan An, Gerrit Voordouw
: Acetate, propionate and butyrate (volatile fatty acids, VFA) occur in oil field waters and are frequently used for microbial growth of oil field consortia. We determined the kinetics of use of these VFA components (3 mM of each) by an anaerobic oil field consortium in microcosms containing 2 mM sulfate and either 0, 4, 6, 8 or 13 mM of nitrate. Nitrate was reduced first with preference for acetate and propionate. Sulfate reduction then proceeded with propionate (not butyrate) as the electron donor, whereas the fermentation of butyrate (not propionate) was associated with methanogenesis...
January 27, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129765/working-towards-consensus-on-methods-used-to-elicit-participant-reported-safety-data-in-uncomplicated-malaria-clinical-drug-studies-a-delphi-technique-study
#14
Nyaradzo Mandimika, Karen I Barnes, Clare I R Chandler, Cheryl Pace, Elizabeth N Allen
BACKGROUND: Eliciting adverse event (AE) and non-study medication data reports from clinical research participants is integral to evaluating drug safety. However, using different methods to question participants yields inconsistent results, compromising the interpretation, comparison and pooling of data across studies. This is particularly important given the widespread use of anti-malarials in vulnerable populations, and their increasing use in healthy, but at-risk individuals, as preventive treatment or to reduce malaria transmission...
January 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122845/health-reforms-in-china-the-public-s-choices-for-first-contact-care-in-urban-areas
#15
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Xu Dong Zhou, Kai Sing Sun
PURPOSE: To examine the public's views towards their choice of first-contact care and its associated factors in urban China. METHODS: A mixed-method study was adopted using individual interviews, focus group interviews and a cross-sectional survey. The study was conducted among the general public between September 2014 and September 2015 in Zhejiang province, China. RESULTS: . Six focus groups and 13 individual interviews were conducted. The questionnaire was completed by 1248 respondents with a response rate of 83%...
January 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122836/patients-views-on-the-causes-of-their-polymyalgia-rheumatica-a-content-analysis-of-data-from-the-pmr-cohort-study
#16
Maatla Tshimologo, Benjamin Saunders, Sara Muller, Christian D Mallen, Samantha L Hider
OBJECTIVE: To explore primary care polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) patient beliefs about the causes of their PMR. DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis was conducted on patients' written responses to the question of what they thought had caused their PMR. All data were coded and emergent categories of causal beliefs identified. SETTING: Community patients receiving primary care at general practitioner (GP) practices across England. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from a primary care PMR inception cohort (n=654)...
January 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076942/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-suburban-district-in-sri-lanka-a-population-based-study
#17
B H Sudasinghe, P S Ginige, C N Wijeyaratne
Introduction: GDM is a leading metabolic cause of morbidity to mother and offspring. Determining its prevalence is important for health planning and implementation. Objective: Assess prevalence of GDM in the District of Gampaha. Method: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in women attending field-based ante-natal clinics in two Medical Officer of Health (MOH) areas between January 2014 to March 2015. Consecutive women were recruited by cluster sampling with probability proportionate to size using strict exclusion criteria...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076412/significant-local-scale-plant-insect-species-richness-relationship-independent-of-abiotic-effects-in-the-temperate-cape-floristic-region-biodiversity-hotspot
#18
Jurene E Kemp, Allan G Ellis
Globally plant species richness is a significant predictor of insect richness. Whether this is the result of insect diversity responding directly to plant diversity, or both groups responding in similar ways to extrinsic factors, has been much debated. Here we assess this relationship in the Cape Floristic Region (CFR), a biodiversity hotspot. The CFR has higher plant diversity than expected from latitude (i.e., abiotic conditions), but very little is known about the diversity of insects residing in this region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#19
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062932/prevalence-and-quality-of-individual-placement-and-support-ips-supported-employment-in-the-united-states
#20
Annalee Johnson-Kwochka, Gary R Bond, Deborah R Becker, Robert E Drake, Mary Ann Greene
The individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment for people with serious mental illness is an evidence-based practice. Factors including a national learning community promoting IPS and enforcement of the Supreme Court's Olmstead decision have spurred the growth of IPS nationwide. In this study we first evaluated the national prevalence and quality of IPS programs. We then evaluated the impact of learning community membership and Olmstead settlements on IPS program penetration and quality across the United States...
January 6, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
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