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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076942/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-suburban-district-in-sri-lanka-a-population-based-study
#1
B H Sudasinghe, P S Ginige, C N Wijeyaratne
Introduction: GDM is a leading metabolic cause of morbidity to mother and offspring. Determining its prevalence is important for health planning and implementation. Objective: Assess prevalence of GDM in the District of Gampaha. Method: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in women attending field-based ante-natal clinics in two Medical Officer of Health (MOH) areas between January 2014 to March 2015. Consecutive women were recruited by cluster sampling with probability proportionate to size using strict exclusion criteria...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076412/significant-local-scale-plant-insect-species-richness-relationship-independent-of-abiotic-effects-in-the-temperate-cape-floristic-region-biodiversity-hotspot
#2
Jurene E Kemp, Allan G Ellis
Globally plant species richness is a significant predictor of insect richness. Whether this is the result of insect diversity responding directly to plant diversity, or both groups responding in similar ways to extrinsic factors, has been much debated. Here we assess this relationship in the Cape Floristic Region (CFR), a biodiversity hotspot. The CFR has higher plant diversity than expected from latitude (i.e., abiotic conditions), but very little is known about the diversity of insects residing in this region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#3
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062932/prevalence-and-quality-of-individual-placement-and-support-ips-supported-employment-in-the-united-states
#4
Annalee Johnson-Kwochka, Gary R Bond, Deborah R Becker, Robert E Drake, Mary Ann Greene
The individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment for people with serious mental illness is an evidence-based practice. Factors including a national learning community promoting IPS and enforcement of the Supreme Court's Olmstead decision have spurred the growth of IPS nationwide. In this study we first evaluated the national prevalence and quality of IPS programs. We then evaluated the impact of learning community membership and Olmstead settlements on IPS program penetration and quality across the United States...
January 6, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055082/association-of-dsm-iv-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-traumatic-experience-type-and-history-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#5
Howard Liu, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Victoria Shahly, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Oye Gureje, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Previous research has documented significant variation in the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depending on the type of traumatic experience (TE) and history of TE exposure, but the relatively small sample sizes in these studies resulted in a number of unresolved basic questions. Objective: To examine disaggregated associations of type of TE history with PTSD in a large cross-national community epidemiologic data set. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys assessed 29 TE types (lifetime exposure, age at first exposure) with DSM-IV PTSD that was associated with 1 randomly selected TE exposure (the random TE) for each respondent...
January 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054525/questionnaire-survey-to-assess-the-pattern-and-characteristics-of-cell-phone-usage-among-indian-oncologists
#6
Anusheel Munshi, Debanarayan Dutta, Pramod Tike, Jai Prakash Agarwal
PURPOSE: Obtain baseline data of cell-phone usage in the medical (MO), surgical (SO) and radiation (RO) oncology community practicing in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indigenously prepared cell-phone usage related questionnaire was used in the present study after approval by the Institutional Ethics/Scientific Committees. The questionnaire had 41 items and was made to assess the cell-phone usage parameters, utility in clinical practice, awareness, and to compare parameters between oncology specialties...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051976/military-mental-health-first-aid-development-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-community-training-for-improving-knowledge-attitudes-and-helping-behaviors
#7
Nathaniel Vincent Mohatt, Robert Boeckmann, Nicola Winkel, Dennis F Mohatt, Jay Shore
INTRODUCTION: Persistent stigma, lack of knowledge about mental health, and negative attitudes toward treatment are among the most significant barriers to military service members and veterans seeking behavioral health care. With the high rates of untreated behavioral health needs among service members and veterans, identifying effective programs for reducing barriers to care is a national priority. This study adapted Mental Health First Aid (MHFA), an evidence-based program for increasing mental health knowledge, decreasing stigma, and increasing laypeople's confidence in helping and frequency of referring people in need, for military and veteran populations and pilot tested the adapted training program with 4 Army National Guard armories...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050221/quality-of-dementia-care-in-the-community-identifying-key-quality-assurance-components
#8
George A Heckman, Veronique M Boscart, Bryan B Franco, Loretta Hillier, Lauren Crutchlow, Linda Lee, Frank Molnar, Dallas Seitz, Paul Stolee
BACKGROUND: Primary care-based memory clinics (PCMCs) have been established in several jurisdictions to improve the care for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. We sought to identify key quality indicators (QIs), quality improvement mechanisms, and potential barriers and facilitators to the establishment of a quality assurance framework for PCMCs. METHODS: We employed a Delphi approach to obtain consensus from PCMC clinicians and specialist physicians on QIs and quality improvement mechanisms...
December 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049459/can-psychosocial-and-socio-demographic-questions-help-identify-sexual-risk-among-heterosexually-active-women-of-reproductive-age-evidence-from-britain-s-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#9
Natalie Edelman, Jackie A Cassell, Richard de Visser, Philip Prah, Catherine H Mercer
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive advice and supply (CAS) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing are increasingly provided in primary care. Most risk assessment tools are based on sexual risk behaviours and socio-demographics, for use online or in specialist services. Combining socio-demographic and psychosocial questions (e.g. religious belief and formative experience) may generate an acceptable tool for targeting women in primary care who would benefit from intervention. We aimed to identify psychosocial and socio-demographic factors associated with reporting key sexual risk behaviours among women in the British general population...
January 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048504/th-c-204-00-medical-physics-workshop-an-update-on-the-journal-s-improvement-activities-and-guidance-on-writing-and-reviewing-papers
#10
Jeffrey Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048316/th-c-204-03-writing-good-scientific-papers-and-responding-to-critiques
#11
M Goodsitt
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046896/th-c-204-01-vision-for-medical-physics-and-status-of-current-initiatives
#12
J Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046238/th-c-204-02-improving-manuscript-quality-via-structured-reviews-enhanced-scientific-category-taxonomy-and-outreach
#13
S Das
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034411/female-respondent-acceptance-of-computer-assisted-personal-interviewing-capi-for-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-coverage-surveys-in-rural-uganda
#14
Hannah Faye G Mercader, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Tumusiime Katuruba, Amy J Hobbs, Jennifer L Brenner
INTRODUCTION: High maternal and child mortality continues in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Measurement of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) coverage indicators often involves an expensive, complex, and lengthy household data collection process that is especially difficult in less-resourced settings. Computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) has been proposed as a cost-effective and efficient alternative to traditional paper-and-pencil interviewing (PAPI). However, the literature on respondent-level acceptance of CAPI in LMIC has reported mixed outcomes...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005258/pancreatic-cancer-management-and-treatment-landscape-awareness-of-gastroenterologists-results-from-us-physician-surveys-conducted-in-2013-and-2015
#15
Gregory D Salinas, Lee Whitworth, Patti Merwin, Joan Emarine
INTRODUCTION: In the US, gastroenterologists (GIs) often inform patients of the initial diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Thus, GIs are frequently the first physicians to provide vital information regarding treatment strategies and options to patients which can have significant impact on subsequent clinical decision-making. Since treatments for pancreatic cancer are rapidly evolving, it may be challenging for GIs to maintain an adequate knowledge base required to provide accurate cursory information or avoid providing inaccurate data to patients at a very sensitive point in time in their care...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997519/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-kawasaki-disease-in-south-korea-2012-2014
#16
Gi Beom Kim, Sohee Park, Lucy Youngmin Eun, Ji Whan Han, Soo Young Lee, Kyung Lim Yoon, Jeong Jin Yu, Jong-Woon Choi, Kyung-Yil Lee
BACKGROUND: To reveal the recent epidemiologic features of Kawasaki disease (KD) in South Korea based on data from a nationwide survey. METHODS: We collected data between 2012 and 2014 regarding the incidence, symptoms and signs, treatment trends, and coronary complications associated with acute KD by sending questionnaires to 97 hospitals with pediatric residency programs as well as 19 community hospitals without residency training. RESULTS: We received full and partial data from 97 and 13 hospitals, respectively (response rate: 94...
December 15, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981427/the-enrichment-of-microbial-community-for-accumulating-polyhydroxyalkanoates-using-propionate-rich-waste
#17
Bo Wu, Dan Zheng, Zheng Zhou, Jing-Li Wang, Xiao-Lan He, Zheng-Wei Li, Hong-Nan Yang, Han Qin, Min Zhang, Guo-Quan Hu, Ming-Xiong He
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are promising alternatives to plastics since they have similar properties to polyolefin but are biodegradable and biocompatible. Recently, the conversion of propionate wastewater to PHAs by undefined mixed microbial cultures becomes attractive. However, how microbial community changes remains unclear during the enrichment step, which is critical for a robust PHA-producing system. In this study, PHA-accumulating cultures were enriched under feast/famine condition using propionate-rich substrates...
December 15, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976819/warming-and-provenance-limit-tree-recruitment-across-and-beyond-the-elevation-range-of-subalpine-forest
#18
Lara M Kueppers, Erin Conlisk, Cristina Castanha, Andrew B Moyes, Matthew J Germino, Perry de Valpine, Margaret S Torn, Jeffry B Mitton
Climate niche models project that subalpine forest ranges will extend upslope with climate warming. These projections assume that the climate suitable for adult trees will be adequate for forest regeneration, ignoring climate requirements for seedling recruitment, a potential demographic bottleneck. Moreover, local genetic adaptation is expected to facilitate range expansion, with tree populations at the upper forest edge providing the seed best adapted to the alpine. Here, we test these expectations using a novel combination of common gardens, seeded with two widely distributed subalpine conifers, and climate manipulations replicated at three elevations...
December 15, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973915/towards-a-framework-for-preventing-community-violence-among-youth
#19
Thomas P Abt
This article, in an effort to assist the selection and deployment of evidence-informed strategies, proposes a new conceptual framework for responding to community violence among youth. First, the phenomenon of community violence is understood in context using a new violence typology organized along a continuum. Second, the need for a new anti-community violence framework is established. Third, a framework is developed, blending concepts from the fields of public safety and public health. Fourth, evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses concerning community violence is summarized and categorized...
December 14, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968845/professional-title-promotion-among-clinicians-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Yunfang Liu, Zhiping Yang, Daiming Fan
BACKGROUND: Research achievement is essential for promotion in most Chinese medical institutions, causing enormous pressure among clinicians. We believe ours is the first nationwide questionnaire survey about clinicians' attitude to the current title promotion system. The aim of this study is to investigate the present title promotion mechanism and put forward policy recommendations. METHODS: We surveyed doctors from regions with different economic development, from a variety of geographical locations, with different degrees of professional title, and working at different levels of hospital in 31 districts in China...
October 2016: Lancet
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