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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#1
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330989/hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-women-with-first-pregnancy
#2
Shandana Mustafa Jadoon, Muhammad Adeel, Shaheen Aslam, Ahsan Rasool
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women throughout the globe. This study is aimed at determining the frequency of these infections among primigravid females and the common factors that make them prone to these infections. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from December 2015 to May 2016. A total of 174 jaundiced primigravida patients were included in the study through non-probability consecutive sampling...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321019/a-qualitative-study-on-coping-behaviors-and-influencing-factors-among-mothers-in-japan-raising-children-under-three-years-old-while-experiencing-physical-and-mental-subjective-symptoms
#3
Misato Kaso, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: No studies illustrating the coping behaviors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms, or the factors that contribute to these behaviors, have been investigated. Therefore, the present study sought to develop a conceptual framework on the coping behaviors and contributing factors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms. METHODS: This qualitative study involved theoretical sampling and semi-structured interviews of mothers who were raising children under 3 years of age in Japan and had experienced physical and mental subjective symptoms since giving birth...
January 10, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320943/management-training-in-global-health-education-a-health-innovation-fellowship-training-program-to-bring-healthcare-to-low-income-communities-in-central-america
#4
Andrea M Prado, Andy A Pearson, Nathan S Bertelsen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is increasingly recognized as essential for health education worldwide. Although effective management, innovation, and entrepreneurship are necessary to improve health systems, business schools have been underrepresented in global health education. Central America needs more health professionals trained in health management and innovation to respond to health disparities, especially in rural communities. OBJECTIVE:   This paper explores the impact of the Health Innovation Fellowship (HIF), a new training program for practicing health professionals offered jointly by the Central American Healthcare Initiative and INCAE Business School, Costa Rica...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320556/care-seeking-patterns-among-families-that-experienced-under-five-child-mortality-in-rural-rwanda
#5
Daniel M Kagabo, Catherine M Kirk, Benjamin Bakundukize, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Neil Gupta, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Willy C Ingabire, Dominique Rouleau, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Catherine Mugeni, Felix Sayinzoga, Cheryl L Amoroso
BACKGROUND: Over half of under-five deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and appropriate, timely, quality care is critical for saving children's lives. This study describes the context surrounding children's deaths from the time the illness was first noticed, through the care-seeking patterns leading up to the child's death, and identifies factors associated with care-seeking for these children in rural Rwanda. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a verbal and social autopsy study of caregivers who reported the death of a child between March 2013 to February 2014 that occurred after discharge from the child's birth facility in southern Kayonza and Kirehe districts in Rwanda...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317939/medical-treatment-for-microscopic-colitis-a-community-hospital-s-experience
#6
Abdallah Haidar, Savreet Kaur, Nancy Jackson, Jose Mari Parungao, Michael Piper, Alan Cutler
Background: Lymphocytic colitis (LC) is a chronic disorder characterized by watery diarrhea. This study sought to evaluate if LC recurs after therapy, and the time frame in which this occurs. Secondary objectives included length and type of therapy, drug-free intervals, and reasons for drug discontinuation. Methods: A retrospective chart review between January 1, 2008 and October 30, 2015 of patients with biopsy-confirmed lymphocytic, collagenous, or microscopic colitis was conducted...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317937/evaluating-the-potential-for-pharmacists-to-prescribe-oral-anticoagulants-for-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Roopinder K Sandhu, Lisa M Guirguis, Tammy J Bungard, Erik Youngson, Lisa Dolovich, Jamie C Brehaut, Jeff S Healey, Finlay A McAlister
Background: Oral anticoagulant therapy (OAC) to prevent atrial fibrillation (AF)-related strokes remains poorly used. Alternate strategies, such as community pharmacist prescribing of OAC, should be explored. Methods: Approximately 400 pharmacists, half with additional prescribing authority (APA), randomly selected from the Alberta College of Pharmacists, were invited to participate in an online survey over a 6-week period. The survey consisted of demographics, case scenarios assessing appropriateness of OAC (based on the 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society AF guidelines) and perceived barriers to prescribing...
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306829/functional-diversity-measures-revealed-impacts-of-non-native-species-and-habitat-degradation-on-species-poor-freshwater-fish-assemblages
#8
Nicole Colin, Sébastien Villéger, Martin Wilkes, Adolfo de Sostoa, Alberto Maceda-Veiga
Trait-based ecology has been developed for decades to infer ecosystem responses to stressors based on the functional structure of communities, yet its value in species-poor systems is largely unknown. Here, we used an extensive dataset in a Spanish region highly prone to non-native fish invasions (15 catchments, N=389 sites) to assess for the first time how species-poor communities respond to large-scale environmental gradients using a taxonomic and functional trait-based approach in riverine fish. We examined total species richness and three functional trait-based indices available when many sites have ≤3 species (specialization, FSpe; originality, FOri and entropy, FEnt)...
January 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305644/mal-de-debarquement-syndrome-a-survey-on-subtypes-misdiagnoses-onset-and-associated-psychological-features
#9
V Mucci, J M Canceri, R Brown, M Dai, S Yakushin, S Watson, A Van Ombergen, V Topsakal, P H Van de Heyning, F L Wuyts, C J Browne
INTRODUCTION: Mal de Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS) is a neurological condition typically characterized by a sensation of motion, that persists longer than a month following exposure to passive motion (e.g., cruise, flight, etc.). The most common form of MdDS is motion triggered (MT). However, recently it has been acknowledged that some patients develop typical MdDS symptoms without an apparent motion trigger. These cases are identified here as spontaneous or other onset (SO) MdDS. This study aimed to address similarities and differences between the MdDS subtypes...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304803/factors-associated-with-willingness-to-take-up-indoor-residual-spraying-to-prevent-malaria-in-tororo-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ignatius Wadunde, Arthur Mpimbaza, David Musoke, John C Ssempebwa, Michael Ediau, Doreen Tuhebwe, Yeka Adoke, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is an efficient method of preventing malaria in homes, and community willingness to take up IRS is critical to its success. The first phase of IRS was conducted in Tororo district, Uganda between December 2014 and January 2015. High coverage rates (90%) were attained in the district. However, Mulanda sub-county had the lowest coverage of 78%, in the first round. This study assessed willingness and associated factors of IRS uptake among household heads for the next IRS campaign in Mulanda sub-county, Tororo district...
January 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304110/local-chatter-or-international-buzz-language-differences-on-posts-about-zika-research-on-twitter-and-facebook
#11
Germana Barata, Kenneth Shores, Juan Pablo Alperin
BACKGROUND: When the Zika virus outbreak became a global health emergency in early 2016, the scientific community responded with an increased output of Zika-related research. This upsurge in research naturally made its way into academic journals along with editorials, news, and reports. However, it is not yet known how or whether these scholarly communications were distributed to the populations most affected by Zika. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To understand how scientific outputs about Zika reached global and local audiences, we collected Tweets and Facebook posts that linked to Zika-related research in the first six months of 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299250/marine-subsidies-change-short-term-foraging-activity-and-habitat-utilization-of-terrestrial-lizards
#12
Heather V Kenny, Amber N Wright, Jonah Piovia-Scott, Louie H Yang, David A Spiller, Thomas W Schoener
Resource pulses are brief periods of unusually high resource abundance. While population and community responses to resource pulses have been relatively well studied, how individual consumers respond to resource pulses has received less attention. Local consumers are often the first to respond to a resource pulse, and the form and timing of individual responses may influence how the effects of the pulse are transmitted throughout the community. Previous studies in Bahamian food webs have shown that detritivores associated with pulses of seaweed wrack provide an alternative prey source for lizards...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298965/stigmatization-of-psychiatrists-by-pedagogues
#13
Andrzej Witusik
Psychiatrists, as well as their patients, are the objects of the stigmatization process. The question arises as to whether stigmatization of psychiatrists is a phenomenon that occurs among the pedagogues. Answering this question has an important social dimension because it is the teacher and the pedagogue who shapes the attitudes of young people. AIM: Aim of the study was preliminary, pilot assessment of the severity of stigmatization of psychiatrists by teachers and educators who do not have everyday contact with mentally ill patients...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298714/paediatric-palliative-care-improves-patient-outcomes-and-reduces-healthcare-costs-evaluation-of-a-home-based-program
#14
P H Chong, J A De Castro Molina, K Teo, W S Tan
BACKGROUND: Around the world, different models of paediatric palliative care have responded to the unique needs of children with life shortening conditions. However, research confirming their utility and impact is still lacking. This study compared patient-related outcomes and healthcare expenditures between those who received home-based paediatric palliative care and standard care. The quality of life and caregiver burden for patients receiving home-based paediatric palliative care were also tracked over the first year of enrolment to evaluate the service's longitudinal impact...
January 3, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297386/illness-recognition-decision-making-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-a-qualitative-study-in-sarlahi-district-nepal
#15
Tsering P Lama, Subarna K Khatry, Joanne Katz, Steven C LeClerq, Luke C Mullany
BACKGROUND: Identification of maternal and newborn illness and the decision-making and subsequent care-seeking patterns are poorly understood in Nepal. We aimed to characterize the process and factors influencing recognition of complications, the decision-making process, and care-seeking behavior among families and communities who experienced a maternal complication, death, neonatal illness, or death in a rural setting of Nepal. METHODS: Thirty-two event narratives (six maternal/newborn deaths each and 10 maternal/newborn illnesses each) were collected using in-depth interviews and small group interviews...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294792/clinician-response-to-child-abuse-presentations-in-the-vietnamese-hospital-emergency-setting
#16
Tara Flemington, Cathrine Fowler, Quang Nhat Tran, Jennifer Fraser
Ongoing fiscal stability has enabled the National Assembly in Vietnam to turn its attention to improving the health and well-being of women and children. Training pediatric health care professionals in the recognition and response to child abuse presentations in the emergency setting has the potential to improve outcomes for the disproportionate number of vulnerable children presenting to the emergency setting with nonaccidental injuries. This study explored the training needs and expectations of the staff preparing to undertake such a clinical training program...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294763/physical-and-sexual-teen-dating-violence-victimization-and-sexual-identity-among-u-s-high-school-students-2015
#17
Emily O'Malley Olsen, Alana Vivolo-Kantor, Laura Kann
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are at risk for many negative behaviors associated with teen dating violence victimization (TDVV). This study describes the prevalence of physical and sexual TDVV by sexual identity and quantifies the increased risk for TDVV among LGB youth compared with heterosexual youth. The participants for this study were students in Grades 9 to 12 participating in the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) who responded to questions ascertaining sexual identity and both physical and sexual TDVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287314/the-symptomatic-course-of-foot-osteoarthritis-phenotypes-an-18-month-prospective-analysis-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Thomas J Downes, Linda Chesterton, Rebecca Whittle, Edward Roddy, Hylton B Menz, Michelle Marshall, Martin J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a heterogeneous disease with symptom progression at the foot unclear. This study investigated the symptomatic course of three pre-defined foot OA phenotypes over an 18-month period. METHODS: The Clinical Assessment Study of the Foot (CASF) is a community-based cohort of adults aged ≥50 years in North Staffordshire, UK. Participants who reported foot pain in a postal health survey and underwent radiographic assessment were mailed an 18-month follow-up survey...
December 29, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282272/our-health-counts-toronto-using-respondent-driven-sampling-to-unmask-census-undercounts-of-an-urban-indigenous-population-in-toronto-canada
#19
Michael A Rotondi, Patricia O'Campo, Kristen O'Brien, Michelle Firestone, Sara H Wolfe, Cheryllee Bourgeois, Janet K Smylie
OBJECTIVES: To provide evidence of the magnitude of census undercounts of 'hard-to-reach' subpopulations and to improve estimation of the size of the urban indigenous population in Toronto, Canada, using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). DESIGN: Respondent-driven sampling. SETTING: The study took place in the urban indigenous community in Toronto, Canada. Three locations within the city were used to recruit study participants. PARTICIPANTS: 908 adult participants (15+) who self-identified as indigenous (First Nation, Inuit or Métis) and lived in the city of Toronto...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280235/first-signs-of-macroinvertebrate-recovery-following-enhanced-restoration-of-boreal-streams-used-for-timber-floating
#20
Francesca Pilotto, Christer Nilsson, Lina E Polvi, Brendan G McKie
Although ecological restoration generally succeeds in increasing physical heterogeneity, many projects fail to enhance biota. Researchers have suggested several possible explanations, including insufficient restoration intensity, or time-lags in ecological responses that prevent detection of significant changes in short-term monitoring programs. This study aims to evaluate whether benthic macroinvertebrate communities responded to an expanded set of stream restoration measures within a study period of one to five years after completion of the restoration project...
December 26, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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