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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339555/an-item-bank-for-abuse-of-prescription-pain-medication-from-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis%C3%A2
#1
Paul A Pilkonis, Lan Yu, Nathan E Dodds, Kelly L Johnston, Suzanne M Lawrence, Thomas F Hilton, Dennis C Daley, Ashwin A Patkar, Dennis McCarty
Objective.:  There is a need to monitor patients receiving prescription opioids to detect possible signs of abuse. To address this need, we developed and calibrated an item bank for severity of abuse of prescription pain medication as part of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS ® ). Methods.:  Comprehensive literature searches yielded an initial bank of 5,310 items relevant to substance use and abuse, including abuse of prescription pain medication, from over 80 unique instruments...
October 8, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334438/insurance-denials-for-cancer-clinical-trial-participation-after-the-affordable-care-act-mandate
#2
Christine B Mackay, Kaitlyn R Antonelli, Suanna S Bruinooge, Jarron M Saint Onge, Shellie D Ellis
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) includes a mandate requiring most private health insurers to cover routine patient care costs for cancer clinical trial participation; however, the impact of this provision on cancer centers' efforts to accrue patients to clinical trials has not been well described. METHODS: First, members of cancer research centers and community-based institutions (n = 252) were surveyed to assess the status of insurance denials, and then, a focused survey (n = 77) collected denial details...
March 23, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321648/a-comparison-of-alternative-tobacco-product-usage-knowledge-and-beliefs-between-the-new-york-city-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgendered-community-and-heterosexuals
#3
Deanna P Jannat-Khah, Simone A Reynolds, LeConté J Dill, Michael A Joseph
Within the United States, alternative tobacco product (ATP) and varies by geographic region, gender and age. Few articles have been published on the usage of these products among the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or queer (LGBTQ) population. A web-based anonymous survey administered through Google Forms, was used to collect data on current tobacco usage, knowledge and beliefs from adult heterosexuals, homosexuals, bisexuals and transgendered persons residing in New York City from May 2014 to July 2014...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316037/early-impacts-of-a-healthy-food-distribution-program-on-the-availability-and-price-of-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-in-small-retail-venues-in-los-angeles
#4
Amelia R DeFosset, Lauren N Gase, Eliza Webber, Tony Kuo
Healthy food distribution programs that allow small retailers to purchase fresh fruits and vegetables at wholesale prices may increase the profitability of selling produce. While promising, little is known about how these programs affect the availability of fresh fruits and vegetables in underserved communities. This study examined the impacts of a healthy food distribution program in Los Angeles County over its first year of operation (August 2015-2016). Assessment methods included: (1) a brief survey examining the characteristics, purchasing habits, and attitudes of stores entering the program; (2) longitudinal tracking of sales data examining changes in the volume and variety of fruits and vegetables distributed through the program; and (3) the collection of comparison price data from wholesale market databases and local grocery stores...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302593/outcomes-in-child-health-exploring-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#5
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of technology and its improved accessibility globally, social media is gaining an increasingly important role in health care. Patients are frequently engaging with social media to access information, share content, and interact with others in online health communities. However, the use of social media as a stakeholder engagement strategy has been minimally explored, and effective methods for involving participants in research on the identification of patient-centered outcomes remain unknown...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297020/cross-sectional-comparison-of-the-epidemiology-of-dsm-5-generalized-anxiety-disorder-across-the-globe
#6
Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Lauren S Hallion, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Evelyn J Bromet, Brendan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Chiyi Hu, Peter de Jonge, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, José Posada-Villa, Tim Slade, Dan J Stein, Yolanda Torres, Hidenori Uda, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Ronald C Kessler, Somnath Chatterji, Kate M Scott
Importance: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is poorly understood compared with other anxiety disorders, and debates persist about the seriousness of this disorder. Few data exist on GAD outside a small number of affluent, industrialized nations. No population-based data exist on GAD as it is currently defined in DSM-5. Objective: To provide the first epidemiologic data on DSM-5 GAD and explore cross-national differences in its prevalence, course, correlates, and impact...
March 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#7
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291292/-psychotic-experiences-in-the-adaptation-process-to-a-new-social-environment
#8
Tolga Binbay, Emre Mısır, Ebru Onrat Özsoydan, Mert Artuk, Simay Fidan, Arzu Karakiraz, Ezgi Önder, Arjin Öztürk, Merve Buse Sayın, Halis Ulaş, Berna Akdede, Köksal Alptekin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between psychotic experiences (PEs) and social stress and discrimination during adaptation to a new social context. METHOD: First-term university students (n: 164) were screened to determine if they had had any PEs, social adaptation-related stress, and/or perceived discrimination in the prior six months. The positive dimension of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) was used to define PEs. Social relations and discrimination in the students' new social contexts (both narrow (i...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287949/community-theater-participation-and-nutrition-related-practices-evidence-from-nepal
#9
Carol R Underwood, Elena T Broaddus, Shreejana Kc, Ravindra K Thapa
Suaahara, a nutrition-enhancement program in Nepal, conducted participatory community theater (CT) dramas with the goal of improving nutrition-related practices. To evaluate CT, a pre/posttest with randomized intervention and matched control sites was used. Dramas were conducted in Nawalparasi, Bajhang, and Sindhupalchowk Districts to represent the mountain, hill, and terai/plains regions. Within each study district, two intervention sites were randomly selected and two matched comparison sites were identified for inclusion in the study...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285970/longitudinal-study-of-thai-people-media-exposure-knowledge-and-behavior-on-dengue-fever-prevention-and-control
#10
Smith Boonchutima, Kirati Kachentawa, Manasanun Limpavithayakul, Anan Prachansri
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is transmitted through a bite by a dengue -infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. It was first reported in the mid -20th century in Thailand, and since then its epidemiology has been of great concern and has spread all across the country. The alarming incidence of dengue posed a serious threat to human health in all major cities of Thailand. This study was aimed at identifying the level of awareness of dengue fever in Thai population knowledge for prevention and control, and most importantly contribution of media in educating masses for dengue control measures...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#11
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryant
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279186/continuum-of-care-in-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-pakistan-analysis-of-trends-and-determinants-from-2006-to-2012
#12
Sarosh Iqbal, Sidra Maqsood, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Pakistan, being a developing country, presents the dismal picture of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The majority of maternal and neonatal deaths could be avoided if Continuum of Care (CoC) is provided in a structured pathway from pregnancy to birth and to the first week of life of the newborn child. This study aimed to analyse the trends of CoC at all three levels (antenatal care, skilled delivery and postpartum care) and to identify various factors affecting the continuation in receiving CoC in Pakistan during 2006 to 2012...
March 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267747/subjective-and-objective-cognitive-function-among-older-adults-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Raquel C Gardner, Kenneth M Langa, Kristine Yaffe
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is extremely common across the lifespan and is an established risk factor for dementia. The cognitive profile of the large and growing population of older adults with prior TBI who do not have a diagnosis of dementia, however, has not been well described. Our aim was to describe the cognitive profile associated with prior TBI exposure among community-dwelling older adults without dementia-an understudied but potentially vulnerable population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this population-based cohort study, we studied 984 community-dwelling older adults (age 51 y and older and their spouses) without dementia who had been randomly selected from respondents to the 2014 wave of the Health and Retirement Study to participate in a comprehensive TBI survey and who either reported no prior TBI (n = 737) or prior symptomatic TBI resulting in treatment in a hospital (n = 247)...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257612/health-care-in-high-school-athletics-in-west-virginia
#14
Kyle Schneider, Wesley Meeteer, Jill A Nolan, H David Campbell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of implementation of emergency preparedness procedures and administrative procedures to provide appropriate medical coverage to high school athletics in the predominantly rural US state of West Virginia. Particular attention was given to determine the extent to which the schools provided the recommendations for best practice in the National Athletic Trainers Association consensus statement outlining appropriate medical coverage for high school athletics...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249605/cultivable-gut-bacteria-provide-a-pathway-for-adaptation-of-chrysolina-herbacea-to-mentha-aquatica-volatiles
#15
Graziano Pizzolante, Chiara Cordero, Salvatore M Tredici, Davide Vergara, Paola Pontieri, Luigi Del Giudice, Andrea Capuzzo, Patrizia Rubiolo, Chidananda N Kanchiswamy, Simon A Zebelo, Carlo Bicchi, Massimo E Maffei, Pietro Alifano
BACKGROUND: A chemical cross-talk between plants and insects is required in order to achieve a successful co-adaptation. In response to herbivory, plants produce specific compounds, and feeding insects respond adequately7 to molecules produced by plants. Here we show the role of the gut microbial community of the mint beetle Chrysolina herbacea in the chemical cross-talk with Mentha aquatica (or watermint). RESULTS: By using two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry we first evaluated the chemical patterns of both M...
March 2, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240466/liberal-transfusion-strategies-still-the-trend-in-burn-surgery
#16
N L Allorto, M D T Smith, D L Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Blood is a limited resource in middle-income countries such as South Africa. Transfusion is associated with complications and expense. We aimed to understand our transfusion practices in burn surgery as well as ascertain the opinion of a broader group of surgeons and anaesthetists regarding transfusion triggers in order to understand the rationale and bias that drives current transfusion practice in our setting. METHOD: Firstly, we investigated the current blood practices at our regional burn service through an audit of perioperative notes for all patients receiving packed cell transfusions in a 24-month period...
September 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239021/needs-assessment-of-hcv-infected-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-and-implications
#17
Marguerite Beiser, Casey Leon, Jessie M Gaeta
The advent of tolerable, efficacious therapies for hepatitis C virus (HCV) creates an opportunity to provide HCV treatment for individuals experiencing homelessness. A federally-qualified community health center serving individuals experiencing homelessness in Boston conducted an anonymous needs assessment survey of a sample of HCV-infected patients in order to inform development of an HCV treatment program (N = 240). Primary care providers (PCPs) were identified as the chief source of HCV education. Main motivators to consider HCV treatment were identified as "taking care of your health" (73...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#18
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210529/awareness-of-gestational-diabetes-and-its-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-samoa
#19
Lucy Anne Price, Lauren Jade Lock, Lucy Elizabeth Archer, Zubair Ahmed
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a subtype of diabetes mellitus defined as the development, or first recognition, of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is greater in mothers with GDM compared to the general population. Preventing the development of GDM could help lower the prevalence of T2DM and long-term morbidity in children of affected mothers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of GDM and its risk factors among pregnant women in Samoa, exploring where participants obtained information, and understanding their attitudes towards diet and physical activity...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#20
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
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