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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103272/prevalence-and-determinants-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-500-young-adults-from-italy
#1
Valentina Lupato, Dana Holzinger, Daniela Höfler, Anna Menegaldo, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Annarosa Del Mistro, Maria Cristina Da Mosto, Michael Pawlita, Paolo Boscolo-Rizzo
Although the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing in developed countries and becoming a relevant health issue, the natural history of oral HPV infection is still unclear. Estimating the infection's prevalence in specific populations and identifying risk factors can widen our understanding of its natural history and help to delineate appropriate prevention strategies. This study sought to (i) determine oral HPV prevalence and genotype distribution in a large series of young Italian adults, (ii) validate an oral rinse sampling/storage protocol, and (iii) pinpoint factors associated with oral HPV infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102937/re-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-acute-tonsillitis-protocol-our-experience-in-one-hundred-and-twenty-six-patients
#2
Guled M Jama, Mahmoud Nosseir, Julian Danino, James Barraclough
The 'Portsmouth Tonsillitis Protocol' by Bird et al. (October 2013 issue)([1]) provides the first published treatment algorithm for use in patients with acute tonsillitis presenting to secondary care. Following introduction of the protocol at their centre the authors demonstrate an improved delivery of tonsillitis treatment as well as a reduction in hospital admission rates and inpatient services leading to significant cost savings. The financial implications are particularly relevant to health services facing economic pressures...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102055/role-of-regulatory-cells-in-oral-tolerance
#3
REVIEW
Marcin Wawrzyniak, Liam O'Mahony, Mübeccel Akdis
The immune system is continuously exposed to great amounts of different antigens from both food and intestinal microbes. Immune tolerance to these antigens is very important for intestinal and systemic immune homeostasis. Oral tolerance is a specific type of peripheral tolerance induced by exposure to antigen via the oral route. Investigations on the role of intestinal immune system in preventing hypersensitivity reactions to innocuous dietary and microbial antigens have been intensively performed during the last 2 decades...
March 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100261/serotypes-of-streptococcus-suis-isolated-from-healthy-pigs-in-phayao-province-thailand
#4
P Thongkamkoon, T Kiatyingangsulee, M Gottschalk
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is an important swine and human pathogen. There are 33 serotypes that have been described. Zoonotic cases are very common the Northern part of Thailand, especially in Phayao Province. However, the prevalence of S. suis and, more particularly the different serotypes, in pigs in this region is poorly known and needed to be addressed. THE CONTEXT AND PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Distribution of S. suis serotypes varies depending on the geographical area...
January 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097718/a-prospective-study-of-the-use-of-antibiotics-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-chinese-university-hospital
#5
Linan Zeng, Die Hu, Imti Choonara, Dezhi Mu, Lingli Zhang, Xihong Li, Zuojie Zhang, Zhiqiang Hu, Shuyan Quan
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are one of the most widely misused group of medicines. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of antibiotics in one of the paediatric emergency departments in China. METHODS: We performed a prospective, cross-sectional study of antibiotic use in the paediatric emergency room of West China Second University Hospital. A total of 500 consecutive patients from March 25 to April 3 2013 were included. Clinical details of the patients were also collected in order to analyse antibiotic use...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093947/comparative-effectiveness-of-partial-versus-total-tonsillectomy-in-children
#6
Nila Sathe, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Melissa McPheeters, David O Francis
Objective To assess the effectiveness of partial versus total tonsillectomy in children. Data Sources MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from January 1980 to June 2016. Review Methods Two investigators independently screened studies and extracted data. Investigators independently assessed risk of bias and strength of evidence of the literature. Heterogeneity precluded quantitative analysis. Results In 16 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs), definitions of "partial" tonsillectomy varied. In addition to comparing partial with total tonsil removal, 11 studies compared surgical techniques (eg, coblation)...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093800/evaluation-of-the-normal-tonsils-in-pediatric-patients-with-ultrasonography
#7
Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitake Yamada, Yutaka Tanami, Shinya Hattori, Yumiko Sato, Mayumi Hosokawa, Eiji Oguma
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how well the tonsils can be viewed, in addition to echogenicity, using ultrasound, and to compare these results between children younger and older than the age of 3. METHODS: We evaluated the tonsils of 99 patients (72.0 ± 59.1 months) by ultrasound. Ultrasound scans of both the left and right side, in both the transverse and longitudinal planes, were obtained. Images were scored with one of four grades according to how well the tonsil border could be distinguished, 0 being the worst and 3 being the best...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092120/pediatric-peritonsillar-abscess-outcomes-and-cost-savings-from-using-transcervical-ultrasound
#8
Zhen Huang, William Vintzileos, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Anjum Bandarkar, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVES: 1) To analyze clinical outcomes of children stratified by ultrasound into three diagnoses: acute tonsillitis, peritonsillar phlegmon, and abscess; and 2) To compare clinical outcomes and financial impact between children who underwent ultrasound protocol to those who did not. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis between two cohorts: ultrasound protocol group and control group. METHODS: Children with peritonsillar abscess (PTA) diagnosed in the emergency department (ED) were enrolled during a 2-year period for transcervical ultrasound evaluation of bilateral tonsillar fossae...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#10
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081323/acute-exudative-tonsillitis-in-adults-the-use-of-the-centor-scoreand-some-laboratory-tests
#11
Yavuz Furuncuoğlu, Filiz Sağlam, Ahmet Kutluhan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of our study was to determine the usefulness of the Centor score and some basic laboratory tests (complete blood count and C-reactive protein) for the differential diagnosis of exudative tonsillitis due to Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) or due to non-GABHS agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients diagnosed with exudative tonsillitis were collected and statistically compared between those having positive GABHS throat culture result and those who were negative for any bacterial agent...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079611/it-is-just-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder%C3%A2-or-is-it
#12
Dana C Won, Christian Guilleminault, Peter J Koltai, Stacey D Quo, Martin T Stein, Irene M Loe
Carly is a 5-year-old girl who presents for an interdisciplinary evaluation due to behaviors at school and home suggestive of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parent report of preschool teacher concerns was consistent with ADHD. Psychological testing showed verbal, visual-spatial, and fluid reasoning IQ scores in the average range; processing speed and working memory were below average. Carly's behavior improved when her mother left the room, and she was attentive during testing with a psychologist...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079574/prognostic-impact-of-mum1-irf4-expression-in-burkitt-lymphoma-bl-a-reappraisal-of-88-bl-patients-in-japan
#13
Akira Satou, Naoko Asano, Seiichi Kato, Ahmed A Elsayed, Naoya Nakamura, Hiroaki Miyoshi, Koichi Ohshima, Shigeo Nakamura
MUM1/IRF4 expression is detected in 18% to 41% of Burkitt lymphoma (BL). However, only a few studies of MUM1-positive (MUM1) BL have been reported, and its characteristics still remain controversial. To highlight the features of MUM1 BL, we compared the clinicopathologic characteristics of 37 cases of MUM1 and 51 cases of MUM1-negative (MUM1) BL in Japan. Compared with MUM1 BL, patients with MUM1 BL showed significantly younger onset (P=0.0062) and a higher ratio of females (P=0.013). We have also revealed the difference in the involved sites...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076329/feasibility-of-abbreviated-cycles-of-immunochemotherapy-for-completely-resected-limited-stage-cd20-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-cisl-12-09
#14
Dok Hyun Yoon, Byeong Seok Sohn, Sung Yong Oh, Won-Sik Lee, Sang Min Lee, Deok-Hwan Yang, Jooryung Huh, Cheolwon Suh
BACKGROUND: The appropriate number of chemotherapy cycles for limited stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients without gross residual lesions after complete resection, has not been specifically questioned. We performed a multicenter, single-arm, phase 2 study to investigate the feasibility of 3 cycles of abbreviated R-CHOP chemotherapy in low-risk patients with completely resected localized CD20+ DLBCL. RESULTS: Between December 2010 and May 2013, we recruited 23 patients...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069912/idiosyncratic-drug-induced-neutropenia-agranulocytosis
#15
Emmanuel Andrès, Rachel Mourot-Cottet, Frédéric Maloisel, François Séverac, Olivier Keller, Thomas Vogel, Martine Tebacher, Jean-Christophe Weber, Georges Kaltenbach, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Bernard Goichot, Jean Sibilia, Anne-Sophie Korganow, Raoul Herbrecht
BACKGROUD: Few data is currently available on neutropenia and agranulocytosis related to drug intake. We report here data on 203 patients with established idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis, followed up in a referral centre within a university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 203 patients with idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis were retrospectively reviewed. All cases were extracted from a cohort study on agranulocytosis in the Strasbourg University Hospital (Strasbourg, France) RESULTS: : The mean age was 61...
January 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063473/transfer-of-maternal-immunity-to-piglets-is-involved-in-early-protection-against-mycoplasma-hyosynoviae-infection
#16
K Tølbøll Lauritsen, T Hagedorn-Olsen, G Jungersen, U Riber, H Stryhn, N F Friis, P Lind, B Kristensen
Mycoplasma hyosynoviae causes arthritis in pigs older than 12 weeks. The role of colostrum in protection of piglets against M. hyosynoviae infection is not clear. Our objective was therefore to investigate whether transfer of maternal immunity to piglets was involved in early protection against the infection. Experimental infections were carried out in three groups of weaners receiving different levels of M. hyosynoviae-specific colostrum components; Group NC derived from Mycoplasma free sows and possessed no specific immunity to M...
January 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060556/the-frequency-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-asthma-and-its-effects-on-asthma-control
#17
Tayfur Ginis, Fatih Alper Akcan, Murat Capanoglu, Muge Toyran, Refika Ersu, Can Naci Kocabas, Ersoy Civelek
BACKGROUND: The presence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with asthma may cause difficult to control asthma. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SDB in children with asthma, to evaluate its effects on asthma control and to assess the risk factors associated with the presence of SDB. METHODS: Parents of children who Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and the Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT). Asthma control level was assessed according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057162/-prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-professional-drivers-and-the-relationship-with-traffic-accidents
#18
Y Liu, C L Tu, W F Yao, Y F Yu, Z Wang, J R Hu
Objective: To study the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its relationship with traffic accidents in the professional drivers. Methods: Questionnaires of OSAHS were sent to 950 professional drivers who had annual physical examination at the Central Hospital of Jiading District in Shanghai from October 2014 to September 2015. Those with moderate to severe snoring and/or Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)≥9 performed the home sleep testing. All drivers were divided into OSAHS and non-OSAHS according to the survey and monitoring...
December 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056966/pseudorabies-virus-infection-aujeszky-s-disease-in-an-iberian-lynx-lynx-pardinus-in-spain-a-case-report
#19
A Javier Masot, María Gil, David Risco, Olga M Jiménez, José I Núñez, Eloy Redondo
BACKGROUND: The only natural hosts of Pseudorabies virus (PRV) are members of the family Suidae (Sus scrofa scrofa). In species other than suids infection is normally fatal. In these mammals, including carnivores, PRV typically causes serious neurologic disease. The endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wild feline endemic to south-western Europe (Iberian Peninsula). The Iberian lynx was found to be the world's most endangered felid species in 2002. In wild felines, PRV infection has only been previously reported once in a Florida panther in 1994...
January 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056818/infectious-tenosynovitis-with-bloodstream-infection-caused-by-erysipelothrix-rhusiopathiae-a-case-report-on-an-occupational-pathogen
#20
Kristine Hofseth, Håvard Dalen, Leif Kibsgaard, Solrun Nebb, Angela Kümmel, Arne Mehl
BACKGROUND: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is an established animal pathogen, which may cause infections in humans. It is a gram-positive rod and found in the tonsils or the digestive tracts of animals. The bacterium is occupationally related, as usually only people with frequent animal contacts are infected. We report a case of a patient who was admitted with an infectious tenosynovitis with bloodstream infection due to E. rhusiopathiae, and to our knowledge, this is the first report of a tenosynovitis with systemic manifestation associated with this bacterium...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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