keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tonsilitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427746/appendectomy-tonsillectomy-and-risk-for-sarcoidosis-a-hospital-based-case-control-study-in-japan
#1
Michiru Sawahata, Yosikazu Nakamura, Yukihiko Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: The role of surgery in the onset of sarcoidosis is unclear. We investigated whether surgery is an internal environmental factor for sarcoidosis onset within the Japanese population. METHODS: We enrolled 222 patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis (78 men, 144 women) who were admitted to our department between 1984 and 2012. We also enrolled 529 control subjects (251 men, 278 women), who were matched for sex, age at admission, and year of admission. Surgical history, family history, and smoking status were evaluated...
May 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427119/-genetic-analysis-of-posterior-cranial-fossa-morphology-in-families-of-chiari-malformation-type-%C3%A2
#2
X X Yuan, Y Li, S F Sha, W X Sun, Y Qiu, Z Liu, W G Zhu, Z Z Zhu
Objective: To explore genetic characteristic of posterior cranial fossa morphology in families of Chiari malformation type Ⅰ (CMI). Methods: From April 2010 to May 2016, a total of 47 cases of CMI families (CMI group) and their 94 parents (CMI-P group)collected were retrospectively reviewed in Department of Spinal Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University.Another cohort of 50 asymptomatic adults was enrolled to serve as the control group.Patients with skull fracture or other diseases which can lead to secondary CMI were excluded...
April 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418347/difficult-cases-of-odontogenic-deep-neck-infections-a-report-of-three-patients
#3
Onur İsmi, Mesut Yeşilova, Cengiz Özcan, Yusuf Vayisoğlu, Kemal Görür
BACKGROUND: Deep neck infections are important otolaryngologic emergencies due to serious complications and the risk of airway compromise, which can lead to mortality. Although the most common causes among pediatric patients are tonsillitis and pharyngeal infections, odontogenic infections are an important cause in adults. CASE REPORT: We present three patients with multiple deep neck space abscess formation due to odontogenic infection. Two of them required tracheotomy due to airway compromise, and one had mediastinitis...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417665/can-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-be-an-alternative-to-classical-tonsillectomy-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon, Eun Jung Lee, Yong Joo Yoon
Objective Tonsillectomy is the most common operation performed in the otolaryngologic fields. Efforts have been made to reduce postoperative complications, and one of these is intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (ICTA), which leaves the tonsillar tissue with tonsillar capsule. This study aimed to evaluate intracapsular tonsillectomy compared with classical extracapsular tonsillectomy in terms of efficacy of the technique for managing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and reducing postoperative complications...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416263/the-keys-to-conservative-treatment-of-early-stage-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsillar-region
#5
O Laccourreye, P Castelnau-Marchand, F Rubin, C Badoual, P Halimi, P Giraud
To analyze the medical literature devoted to work-up, epidemiology, local control, survival, complications and sequelae after conservative treatment for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsillar region. An analysis of the PubMed (1975-2016) database was performed using the following keywords and associations: "tonsil/tonsillar region/oropharynx" AND "squamous cell carcinoma" AND "early-stage (I-II; T1-2N0M0)" AND "radiation therapy/radiotherapy" OR "conservative surgery/oropharyngectomy/transoral surgery/radical tonsillectomy"...
April 14, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413046/heat-stress-decreases-expression-of-the-cytokines-avian-%C3%AE-defensins-4-and-6-and-toll-like-receptor-2-in-broiler-chickens-infected-with-salmonella-enteritidis
#6
W M Quinteiro-Filho, A S Calefi, D S G Cruz, T P A Aloia, A Zager, C S Astolfi-Ferreira, J A Piantino Ferreira, S Sharif, J Palermo-Neto
A high ambient temperature is a highly relevant stressor in poultry production. Heat stress (HS) has been reported to reduce animal welfare, performance indices and increase Salmonella susceptibility. Salmonella spp. are major zoonotic pathogen that cause over 1 billion of human infections worldwide annually. Therefore, the current study was designed to analyze the effect of heat stress on Salmonella infection in chickens through modulation of the immune responses. Salmonella Enteritidis was inoculated via gavage at one day of age (10(6)cfu/mL)...
April 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412967/factors-associated-with-lingual-tonsil-hypertrophy-in-canadian-adults
#7
Matthew S Harris, Brian W Rotenberg, Kathryn Roth, Leigh J Sowerby
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophy of the lingual tonsil tissue in the adult patient is thought to contribute to the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea. The underlying etiology of lingual tonsil hypertrophy (LTH) in the adult patient is unclear and likely multifactorial. Previous studies have suggested that the lingual tonsils may undergo compensatory hyperplasia post-tonsillectomy in children, although it is unknown if this occurs or persists into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to determine what factors are associated with LTH in a population of Canadian adults...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408369/is-tonsillectomy-recommended-in-adults-with-recurrent-tonsillitis
#8
Jason Powell, James O'Hara, Sean Carrie, Janet A Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407559/positive-feedback-effect-of-pge2-on-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-is-mediated-by-inhibition-of-akt-phosphorylation-in-human-follicular-dendritic-cell-like-cells
#9
Jongseon Choe, Yongdae Yoon, Jini Kim, Yu-Jin Jung
Prostaglandins (PGs) are bioactive lipid mediators generated from the phospholipids of cell membrane in response to various inflammatory signals. To understand the potential role of PGs in PG production itself during immune inflammatory responses, we examined the effect of PGE2, PGF2α, and beraprost on COX-2 expression using follicular dendritic cell (FDC)-like HK cells isolated from human tonsils. Those three PGs specifically augmented COX-2 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner after 4 or 8h of treatment...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405135/severe-bone-marrow-suppression-accompanying-pulmonary-infection-and-hemorrhage-of-the-digestive-tract-associated-with-leflunomide-and-low-dose-methotrexate-combination-therapy
#10
Caihong Qu, Ying Lu, Weimin Liu
A 60-year-old male patient developed hyperpyrexia, cough, expectoration with blood-stained sputum, mouth ulcers, and suppurative tonsillitis after receiving 35 days of combination treatment with leflunomide (LEF) and low-dose methotrexate (MTX) for active rheumatoid arthritis. On admission, routine blood tests showed severe thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, and decreased hemoglobin concentration compared with the relatively normal results of 1 month previously during the first hospitalization. Chest radiography revealed inflammation in both lungs, and a fecal occult blood test was positive...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403512/mitotic-figure-in-the-peripheral-blood-smear
#11
Sebastian Hörber, Ingo Rettig, Andreas Peter
A previously healthy 19-year-old man presented with fever, sore throat and strong feeling of illness. Physical examination showed strong swelling of throat tonsils and moderate hepatosplenomegaly. The laboratory values were as following: a total white blood count of 10.9 x 10(9) /L, hemoglobin 14.1 g/dL and a platelet count of 109 x 10(9) /L. Total bilirubin was 1.4 mg/dL and CRP was 1.32 mg/dL. The serological analyses revealed IgG and IgM antibodies against EBV-VCA consistent with an acute Epstein-Barr virus infection...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400019/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-from-swine-slaughtered-in-two-different-types-of-philippine-abattoir
#12
Alyzza Marie B Calayag, Phyllis Anne P Paclibare, Pauline Dianne M Santos, Corinne Aimee C Bautista, Windell L Rivera
Salmonella enterica is a well-known pathogen commonly acquired from the consumption of contaminated food. It has been estimated to affect millions of humans and cause hundreds of thousands of deaths per year globally. Pork, one of the most commonly consumed meats worldwide, has been identified as one of the main sources of human salmonellosis. In this study, we aimed to detect and characterize S. enterica from slaughtered swine and generate antimicrobial resistance profiles of select isolates. Tonsils and jejunum with mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) were collected from a total of 240 swine from eight abattoirs (five accredited and three locally registered abattoirs) across Metro Manila...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399908/using-cone-beam-ct-to-assess-the-upper-airway-after-surgery-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-symptoms-and-maxillary-mandibular-disproportions-a-clinical-pilot
#13
Noura A Alsufyani, Michelle L Noga, Manisha Witmans, Irene Cheng, Hamdy El-Hakim, Paul W Major
BACKGROUND: The surgical excision of anatomic obstructions such as adenoids, palatine or lingual tonsils are commonly performed in children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Imaging studies measuring airway changes post-surgery in the SDB pediatric population are scarce, rarely addresses the nasal cavity, and are based on global measures (e.g. volume) that do not represent the complexity of the upper airway anatomy. The purpose of this pilot is to test the feasibility in using cone beam CT (CBCT) to analyze the nasal and pharyngeal airway space post-surgery using meaningful methods of analyses, and correlating imaging findings with clinical outcomes in children with SDB symptoms and maxillary-mandibular disproportion...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399695/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#14
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ramez Reda, Ahmed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are liable to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to many anatomical airway abnormalities. The tonsils and adenoid occupy part of the airway space, and their removal may be helpful in relieving airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of OSA in those children. METHODS: Fifty DS children with difficult breathing were recruited, and they were subjected to polysomnographic examination (PSG)...
April 11, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397378/basal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-rupture-of-arteriovenous-malformation-at-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#15
Mio Takayama, Masayuki Kashiwagi, Kenji Hara, Aya Matsusue, Brian Waters, Natsuki Ikematsu, Shin-Ichi Kubo
A man in his late forties had lived as a recluse for more than ten years. He was found dead in his room. At autopsy, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was detected at the base of the brain, which weighed 1333 g. The cerebellar tonsil was swollen. The cerebral ventricle was enlarged and filled with blood. A hematoma was observed in the upper part of the left side of the cerebellar hemisphere. The location and size of SAH in this case indicated that the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm (CA) had occurred; however, CA was not detected...
April 10, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397057/clinical-application-analysis-of-andrographolide-total-ester-sulfonate-injection-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-licensed-in-china
#16
Ying Zhao, Pu Huang, Zhe Chen, Si-Wei Zheng, Jin-Yang Yu, Chen Shi
Andrographolide total ester sulfonate (ATES) injection is one of the products of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) currently used against viral infection in China. ATES injection was approved for manufacturing and marketing in January 2002. It is indicated for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, influenza, foot and mouth disease, bronchiolitis, herpangina, mumps, infectious mononucleosis and psychosis. However, its usage also carries risk. We investigated the use of ATES at the Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014 and evaluated its real-world clinical application using the hospital centralized monitoring method...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396738/the-size-of-palatine-tonsils-cannot-be-used-to-decide-the-indication-of-tonsillectomy-for-iga-nephropathy
#17
Mitsuhiro Sato, Mika Adachi, Hideyuki Kosukegawa, Yuri Nomura, Kenichi Watanabe, Toshinobu Sato, Yoshio Taguma
Background. Tonsillectomy is one of the treatment strategies for immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). The relationship between the indication of tonsillectomy and the size of palatine tonsils (PTs) in patients with IgAN remains controversial. Methods. This retrospective cohort study investigated 57 patients with IgAN who underwent tonsillectomy combined with steroid pulse therapy (SPT). They were classified into two groups, the hypertrophy group and the nonhypertrophy group, according to the weight of their excised PTs...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396671/modeling-human-natural-killer-cell-development-in-the-era-of-innate-lymphoid-cells
#18
Steven D Scoville, Aharon G Freud, Michael A Caligiuri
Decades after the discovery of natural killer (NK) cells, their developmental pathways in mice and humans have not yet been completely deciphered. Accumulating evidence indicates that NK cells can develop in multiple tissues throughout the body. Moreover, detailed and comprehensive models of NK cell development were proposed soon after the turn of the century. However, with the recent identification and characterization of other subtypes of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), which show some overlapping functional and phenotypic features with NK cell developmental intermediates, the distinct stages through which human NK cells develop from early hematopoietic progenitor cells remain unclear...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395496/-causes-and-management-of-pediatric-spontaneous-tonsillar-haemorrhage
#19
Z B Wu, H G Pan, Y S Teng, D L Zhang, X Y Ma, S H Han, L Li
Objective: To analyze the causes and management plan of pediatric spontaneous tonsillar haemorrhage(STH). Methods: According to the criteria of STH difined by Griffies, patients with STH from December 2013 to January 2016 were included in this retrospective study. Results: A total of 11 patients were reviewed. The etiological diagnosis included 3 pediatric Epstein-Barr virus associated infectious mononucleosis(EBV-IM), 3 suspected pediatric EBV-IM to 3 acute suppurative tonsillitis, 1 acute viral tonsillitis and 1 hemophilia A...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390613/self-reported-postoperative-recovery-in-children-after-tonsillectomy-compared-to-tonsillotomy
#20
Mats Eriksson, Ulrica Nilsson, Ann-Cathrine Bramhagen, Ewa Idvall, Elisabeth Ericsson
OBJECTIVES: Tonsil surgery is associated with significant morbidity during recovery. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) are the golden standard for the planning and follow-up of delivered care, which should also be an axiom for children. The current aims were to describe self-reported postoperative recovery in children after tonsil surgery, and to compare tonsillotomy and tonsillectomy in this respect. METHODS: In total, 238 children (4-12 years old) with a history of obstructive problems and/or recurrent tonsillitis, and undergoing tonsil surgery were included...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
65445
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"