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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786680/-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-bioclimatic-comfort-at-the-territories-of-the-russian-far-east-with-reference-to-winter-time-recreational-activities-and-primary-wellness-tourism
#1
N M Pestereva, A F Khechumyan, N Vorozbit
BACKGROUND: in the framework of the current tendency toward the further development of the socio-economic sphere in the Russian Far East (RFE), the relevant investigations aimed at creating the comfortable conditions for recreational and touristic activities as well as for rehabilitative therapy of the local population acquire the increasingly greater importance. AIM: The objective of the present study was the comprehensive evaluation of the bioclimatic comfort at the territories of interest with special reference to winter-time recreational activities and primary wellness tourism...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786625/differences-in-glenohumeral-joint-rotation-and-peak-power-output-between-super-league-and-championship-rugby-league-players
#2
Matthew R Haines
Haines, MR. Differences in glenohumeral joint rotation and peak power output between Super League and Championship Rugby League players. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1685-1691, 2018-Rugby league is a high-intensity sport with large impact forces sustained during play, resulting in high prevalence of shoulder injury. Consequently, shoulder strength and player power are important considerations for injury prevention and performance. Additionally, professional teams regularly compete against semiprofessional teams, where differences in physical conditioning could be marked...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786624/relationship-between-dryland-strength-and-swimming-performance-pull-up-mechanics-as-a-predictor-of-swimming-speed
#3
José I Pérez-Olea, Pedro L Valenzuela, Concepción Aponte, Mikel Izquierdo
Pérez-Olea, JI, Valenzuela, PL, Aponte, C, and Izquierdo, M. Relationship between dryland strength and swimming performance: pull-up mechanics as a predictor of swimming speed. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1637-1642, 2018-This study aimed to examine the validity of the countermovement jump (CMJ) and the pull-up exercise as predictors of swimming performance. Twelve young male swimmers (Mean ± SD, 19 ± 3 years; 75 ± 10 kg; 180 ± 6 cm) with a homogenous level of performance (50-m freestyle time [50F]: 26.41 ± 1...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786469/estimation-versus-falsification-approaches-in-sport-and-exercise-science
#4
Michael Wilkinson, Edward M Winter
There has been a recent resurgence in debate about methods for statistical inference in science. The debate addresses statistical concepts and their impact on the value and meaning of analyses' outcomes. In contrast, philosophical underpinnings of approaches and the extent to which analytical tools match philosophical goals of the scientific method have received less attention. This short piece considers application of the scientific method to "what-is-the-influence-of x-on-y" type questions characteristic of sport and exercise science...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785860/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-teamwork-in-sport
#5
Desmond McEwan, Bruno D Zumbo, Mark A Eys, Mark R Beauchamp
The purpose of this research was to develop a questionnaire to assess the multidimensional construct of teamwork in sport and to examine various aspects of validity related to that instrument. A preliminary questionnaire was first created, and feedback on this instrument was then obtained from a sample of team-sport athletes (n = 30) and experts in sport psychology (n = 8). A modified version of the questionnaire was then completed by 607 athletes from 48 teams, and 5 multilevel confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the structural properties of data derived from this instrument...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785858/gaze-behaviors-during-serve-returns-in-tennis-a-comparison-between-intermediate-and-high-skill-players
#6
Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch, Gershon Tenenbaum
The authors studied gaze behaviors in high- and intermediate-skill tennis players while they performed tennis serve returns. Participants returned 40 serves in 4 serve locations while wearing a mobile eye tracker. The ball's flight path was deconstructed into 3 distinct locations (i.e., ball before bouncing on surface, the bounce area, and ball after bouncing on surface), and gaze behaviors along with quiet-eye (QE) onset and durations were recorded. Results revealed that (a) high-skill players exhibited better return shots than their lower skill counterparts, (b) high-skill players and high-score shots were characterized by longer fixation durations on the ball at prebounce, and (c) longer QE durations were observed for high-skill players and high-score shots...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785512/efficacy-of-sports-club-activities-on-exercise-tolerance-among-japanese-middle-and-high-school-children-and-adolescents-after-fontan-procedure
#7
Yoshihiko Kodama, Kyoko Koga, Ayako Kuraoka, Yuichi Ishikawa, Makoto Nakamura, Koichi Sagawa, Shiro Ishikawa
The exercise tolerance of Fontan patients is poorer than that of healthy people. Some previous studies reported that exercise tolerance can be improved in this population by cardiac rehabilitation. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with peak oxygen uptake (VO2) and to subsequently clarify the correlation between participation in sports club activities and variables related to exercise tolerance. Cardiopulmonary exercise tests were performed by 115 Fontan patients aged between 6 and 20 years...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785225/bipolar-dislocation-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-elbow-about-one-case-in-an-african-teaching-hospital
#8
D A Songahir Christophe, Korsaga Alexandre, Tinto Sayouba, Sawadogo Mamoudou, Kafando Hamado, Ouedraogo Anatole Jean Innocent, Zeida Charles, Keita Namori, Tall Mohamed
We report an exceptional clinical case of an ipsilateral dislocation fracture of the shoulder and right elbow, realizing a "swinging arm". Following a violent road accident, patient S.I, a 43-year-old left-handed sports educator, presented with an antero-medial shoulder dislocation fracture and a posterolateral ipsilateral elbow fracture-dislocation. The reduction in urgency, followed by the orthopedic compression by Mayo Clinic and functional rehabilitation, allowed obtaining a good result after seven months...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#9
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784586/ultrasound-mediated-gene-delivery-enhances-tendon-allograft-integration-in-mini-pig-ligament-reconstruction
#10
Maxim Bez, Thomas J Kremen, Wafa Tawackoli, Pablo Avalos, Dmitriy Sheyn, Galina Shapiro, Joseph C Giaconi, Shiran Ben David, Jess G Snedeker, Zulma Gazit, Katherine W Ferrara, Dan Gazit, Gadi Pelled
Ligament injuries occur frequently, substantially hindering routine daily activities and sports participation in patients. Surgical reconstruction using autogenous or allogeneic tissues is the gold standard treatment for ligament injuries. Although surgeons routinely perform ligament reconstructions, the integrity of these reconstructions largely depends on adequate biological healing of the interface between the ligament graft and the bone. We hypothesized that localized ultrasound-mediated, microbubble-enhanced therapeutic gene delivery to endogenous stem cells would lead to significantly improved ligament graft integration...
April 26, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782814/primary-assessment-of-the-patient-with-orbital-fractures-should-include-pupillary-response-and-visual-acuity-changes-to-detect-occult-major-ocular-injuries
#11
Jeffrey Chow, Krishnan Parthasarathi, Patrick Mehanna, Eline Whist
PURPOSE: Sight-threatening injuries associated with orbital fractures are of major concern to maxillofacial surgeons whom are often the first asked to assess these patients. Eliciting signs and symptoms that are predictive of these injuries would allow expedited ophthalmic consultation and appropriate management. We hypothesized that abnormal pupillary response is predictive of major ocular injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with facial fractures was instituted with review of all associated ophthalmic injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782639/sudden-cardiac-death-in-athletes-and-the-value-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#12
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, Flora Bacopoulou, Despoina Apostolaki, George P Chrousos
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the non-traumatic death, due to loss of heart function that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly within 6 hours of a previously normal state of health. It is related to intense competitive sports promoting ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the presence of underlying abnormal substrate. A serial evaluation of cardiac physiologic changes taking place during training will allow the better understanding of athlete's heart and will facilitate its discrimination from other gray-zone cardiomyopathies...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782463/gut-microbiota-probiotics-and-sport-from-clinical-evidence-to-agonistic-performance
#13
Marco Pane, Angela Amoruso, Francesca Deidda, Teresa Graziano, Serena Allesina, Luca Mogna
Human beings harbor clusters of bacteria in different parts of the body, such as the surface or the deep layers of the skin, the mouth, the lungs, the intestine, the vagina, and all the surfaces exposed to the outer world. The majority of microbes resides in the gut, have a weighty influence on human physiology and nutrition and are vital for human life. There is growing evidence showing that the gut microbiota plays important roles in the maturation of the immune system and the protection against some infectious agents...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782440/management-for-simultaneous-patella-tendon-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-a-systematic-review-of-available-literature
#14
Alexander Handel Matthews, Ethan James Fraser, Benjamin Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Combined rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patella tendon (PT) is a rare injury pattern. Currently little evidence exists to help guide management decisions for these patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed (MEDLINE) and Scopus (EMBASE, MEDLINE) for all articles reporting on combined rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patella tendon (PT). The characteristic injury mechanisms, common presentation findings and outcomes of simultaneous and staged treatment strategies were determined to provide guidance for the management of this uncommon injury pattern...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#15
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#16
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781992/muscle-imbalances-testing-and-training-functional-eccentric-hamstring-strength-in-athletic-populations
#17
Petr Stastny, Michal Lehnert, James J Tufano
Many hamstring injuries that occur during physical activity occur while the muscles are lengthening, during eccentric hamstring muscle actions. Opposite of these eccentric hamstring actions are concentric quadriceps actions, where the larger and likely stronger quadriceps straighten the knee. Therefore, to stabilize the lower limbs during movement, the hamstrings must eccentrically combat against the strong knee-straightening torque of the quadriceps. As such, eccentric hamstring strength expressed relative to concentric quadricep strength is commonly referred to as the "functional ratio" as most movements in sports require simultaneous concentric knee extension and eccentric knee flexion...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781941/cardiopulmonary-demand-of-16-kg-kettlebell-snatches-in-simulated-girevoy-sport
#18
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781938/physical-demands-of-amateur-domestic-and-representative-netball-in-one-season-in-new-zealand-assessed-using-heart-rate-and-movement-analysis
#19
Doug A King, Cloe Cummins, Patria A Hume, Trevor N Clark
King, DA, Cummins, C, Hume, PA, and Clark, TN. Physical demands of amateur domestic and representative netball in one season in New Zealand assessed using heart rate and movement analysis. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this descriptive cohort study was to describe physical demands of netball for positions and between playing levels using microtechnology. Data were collected from 34 female netball players across 3 teams at different levels (over 19 years representative [O19], under 19 years representative [U19], and open-age amateur club domestic) for 20 games using heart rate and microtechnology data...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781935/balance-training-reduces-postural-sway-and-improves-sport-specific-performance-in-visually-impaired-cross-country-skiers
#20
Alexander Kurz, Benedikt Lauber, Steffen Franke, Christian Leukel
Kurz, A, Lauber, B, Franke, S, and Leukel, C. Balance training reduces postural sway and improves sport-specific performance in visually impaired cross-country skiers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Balance training is highly effective in reducing sport injuries and causes improvements in postural stability and rapid force production. So far, the positive effects of balance training have been described for healthy athletes. In the present experiments, we questioned whether athletes with disabilities of the visual system can also benefit from balance training...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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