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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048407/pulse-oximetry-screening-for-critical-congenital-heart-diseases-at-two-different-hospital-settings-in-thailand
#1
P Nuntnarumit, P Thanomsingh, A Limrungsikul, S Wanitkun, T Sirisopikun, P Ausayapao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive abilities of pulse oximetry screening (POS) for critical congenital heart disease (CRIT.CHD) at two different hospital settings in Thailand. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in healthy newborns at Ramathibodi Hospital (RH), a university hospital and Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital (MH), a regional hospital. Positive POS was defined as oxygen saturation (SpO2) <95% or difference between pre- and postductal SpO2 >3%...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045578/effectiveness-of-enhanced-pulse-oximetry-sonifications-for-conveying-oxygen-saturation-ranges-a-laboratory-comparison-of-five-auditory-displays
#2
E Paterson, P M Sanderson, N A B Paterson, R G Loeb
Background: Anaesthetists monitor auditory information about a patient's vital signs in an environment that can be noisy and while performing other cognitively demanding tasks. It can be difficult to identify oxygen saturation (SpO2) values using existing pulse oximeter auditory displays (sonifications). Methods: In a laboratory setting, we compared the ability of non-clinician participants to detect transitions into and out of an SpO2 target range using five different sonifications while they performed a secondary distractor arithmetic task in the presence of background noise...
October 13, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044337/beneficial-effects-of-intradialytic-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation
#3
Bruno Medeiros Guio, Carlos Perez Gomes, Fabio Brandão da Costa, Adriana Dos Santos de Oliveira, Marta Turano Duarte, Maurilo Leite
INTRODUCTION: Patients on hemodialysis (HD) present high mortality from cardiovascular complications and high morbidity, including decreasing functional capacity and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical and laboratory responses of patients in HD to intradialytic cardiopulmonary rehabilitation on an outpatient basis. METHODS: We evaluated 14 patients in a prospective study for 8 months using cardiopulmonary rehabilitation protocol (CRehab) consisted of intradialytic aerobic exercise with a cycle ergometer...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036615/monitoring-of-cerebral-oximetry-during-head-up-tilt-test-in-adults-with-history-of-syncope-and-orthostatic-intolerance
#4
E Bachus, H Holm, V Hamrefors, O Melander, R Sutton, M Magnusson, A Fedorowski
Aims: We applied near-infrared-spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure absolute frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients investigated for unexplained syncope. Methods and results: Synchronized non-invasive beat-to-beat haemodynamic monitoring, ECG, SctO2 (NIRS; normal range: 60-80%), and peripheral oxygen saturation (left hand, SpO2) were applied during HUT in a random sample of patients with unexplained syncope. Tracings of 54 patients (mean-age: 55 ± 19 years, 39% male) with negative HUT, vasovagal syncope (VVS), or orthostatic hypotension (OH) were analysed...
September 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033724/comparison-of-laryngeal-tube-suction-ii-and-proseal-lma%C3%A2-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#5
Saurabh Chandrakar, Deepak Kumar Sreevastava, Sidharth Bhasin, Mridul Dhar
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices now have an established place in pediatric anesthesia practice. The laryngeal tube suction (LTS) II, a recent revision of the LTS, has very few studies evaluating its use in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to compare insertion and ventilation profiles of the LTS-II size 2 and the ProSeal™ Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) size 2 in pediatric patients undergoing elective surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized prospective study was conducted in 100 children aged 2-5 years between 12 and 25 kg weight, of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II scheduled for routine elective surgeries of <90 min duration...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032960/correlation-between-oxyhaemoglobin-saturation-by-pulse-oximetry-and-partial-pressure-of-oxygen-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure
#6
C Cinesi-Gómez, P García-García, I López-Pelayo, J I Giménez, L M González-Torres, E Bernal-Morell
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the correlation between the partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and oxyhaemoglobin saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO2) in patients who were admitted to the emergency department with suspected acute respiratory failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, observational multicentre study was conducted in the emergency departments of 3 Spanish hospitals. RESULTS: The study included 166 patients who presented mean±standard deviation PaO2, SpO2 and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) values of 61...
October 12, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032814/healthy-dental-pulp-oxygen-saturation-rates-in-subjects-with-homozygous-sickle-cell-anemia-a-cross-sectional-study-nested-in-a-cohort
#7
Soraia de Fátima Carvalho Souza, Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cyrene Piazera Silva Costa
INTRODUCTION: To compare the percentage of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) in healthy teeth with confirmed pulp vitality between individuals with sickle cell anemia (HbSS) and normal hemoglobin A (HbAA). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested within a cohort. Samples (n = 2543) comprised teeth with intact crowns and pulp vitality confirmed by thermal sensitivity tests and no history of caries, periodontal disease, or dental trauma. A total of 728 teeth of 113 individuals with HbSS and 1815 teeth of 246 individuals with HbAA were evaluated...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032474/discrepancy-between-the-initial-assessment-of-injury-severity-and-post-hoc-determination-of-injury-severity-in-patients-with-apparently-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-analysis
#8
S M Bossers, K M Pol, E P A Oude Ophuis, B Jacobs, M C Visser, S A Loer, C Boer, J van der Naalt, P Schober
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of trauma-related visits to emergency departments (ED). Determination of monitoring requirements of patients with apparently mild TBI is challenging. Patients may turn out to be more severely injured than initially assumed, and failure to identify these patients constitutes a serious threat to patient safety. We, therefore, aimed to identify clinical risk factors for more severe injuries in patients with apparently mild TBI. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort analysis performed at two level I trauma centers, 808 patients aged ≥ 16 presenting to the ED with head trauma and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 13-15 who received a head CT scan were studied...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030386/physiological-stability-in-an-indigenous-sleep-device-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Sally A Baddock, David Tipene-Leach, Sheila M Williams, Angeline Tangiora, Raymond Jones, Aleksandra K Mącznik, Barry J Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To compare overnight oxygen saturation, heart rate and the thermal environment of infants sleeping in an indigenous sleep device (wahakura) or bassinet to identify potential risks and benefits. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Family homes in low socio-economic areas in New Zealand. PATIENTS: 200 mainly Māori mothers and their infants. INTERVENTIONS: Participants received a wahakura or bassinet from birth...
October 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026569/sudden-maternal-hypoxemia-during-elective-cesarean-section-in-a-woman-with-placenta-previa
#10
Takeshi Umazume, Satoshi Hayasaka, Fumi Kato, Satoshi Ishikawa, Mamoru Morikawa, Hisanori Minakami
There have been no reports regarding imaging-documented bronchospasm in patients with amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). In a woman with scheduled cesarean section for placenta previa, transient bronchospasm and pulmonary hypertension were documented explaining a sudden drop in SpO2. Mild AFE was the most likely diagnosis in this patient.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020995/sedation-with-propofol-during-ercp-is-the-combination-with-esketamine-more-effective-and-safer-than-with-alfentanil-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Susanne Eberl, Lena Koers, Jeanin E van Hooft, Edwin de Jong, Thomas Schneider, Markus W Hollmann, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a gastrointestinal procedure that requires a relatively motionless patient during the intervention. Deep sedation by intravenous propofol combined with an opioid has recently become the preferred sedation technique. However, when high doses of propofol are used, side effects, namely respiratory depression, may occur. Esketamine has hypnotic, analgesic, and sympathomimetic effects. Our assumption is that a combination of propofol with esketamine reduces the dosage of individual drugs, thereby minimizing sedation side effects while keeping the same satisfaction level of patients and endoscopists...
October 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020956/guaiphenesin-ketamine-xylazine-infusion-to-maintain-anesthesia-in-mules-undergoing-field-castration
#12
Cecilia Vullo, Augusto Carluccio, Domenico Robbe, Marina Meligrana, Linda Petrucci, Giuseppe Catone
BACKGROUND: In order to determine whether a combination of guaiphenesin, ketamine and xylazine can induce safe and satisfactory anaesthesia in mules undergoing field castration, eight healthy adult intact male mules were employed. They were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine (1.3 mg/kg); an additional dose of xylazine (0.3 mg/kg IV) was administered in case of inadequate depth of sedation. Anaesthesia was induced with IV thiopental (6 mg/kg). The quality of sedation and induction was recorded...
October 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019966/transthoracic-balloon-pulmonary-valvuloplasty-for-treatment-of-congenial-pulmonary-atresia-patients-with-intact-ventricular-septum
#13
Zhi-Qin Lin, Qiang Chen, Hua Cao, Liang-Wan Chen, Gui-Can Zhang, Dao-Zhong Chen, Qin-Min Wang, Han-Fan Qiu, Dong-Shan Liao, Feng Lin
BACKGROUND To summarize our clinical experience in performing transthoracic balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty for the treatment of patients suffering from congenial pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS). MATERIAL AND METHODS Between April 2009 and April 2016, 38 patients with PA/IVS underwent transthoracic balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in our hospital. All of them were combined with patent ductus arteriosus, tricuspid insufficiency, and atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale. The valvuloplasty was performed from the right ventricular outflow tract through a median sternotomy incision under TEE guidance for all cases...
October 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018503/parameters-influencing-tracheostomy-decannulation-in-patients-undergoing-rehabilitation-after-severe-acquired-brain-injury-sabi
#14
Cecilia Perin, Roberto Meroni, Vincenzo Rega, Giacomo Braghetto, Cesare Giuseppe Cerri
Introduction  Tracheostomy weaning in patients who suffered a severe acquired brain injury is often a challenge and decannulation failures are not uncommon. Objective  Our study objective is to describe the decannulation failure rate in patients undergoing rehabilitation following a severe acquired brain injury (sABI); to describe the factors associated with a successful tube weaning. Methods  We conduct a retrospective analysis of charts, consecutively retrieved considering a 3-year window. Variables analyzed were: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), cause of hospitalization (stroke, trauma, cardiac arrest), date of the pathological event, gap between the index event and the first day of hospitalization, duration of Neurorehabilitation Ward hospitalization, comorbidities, chest morphological alteration, kind of tracheostomy tube used (overall dimension, cap, fenestration), SpO2, presentation and quantification of pulmonary secretion, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), respiratory frequency and pattern, cardiac frequency, presence of spontaneous cough, cough strength, and blood gas analysis...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994676/does-bilevel-positive-airway-pressure-improve-outcome-of-acute-respiratory-failure-after-open-heart-surgery
#15
Ahmed Said Elgebaly
BACKGROUND: Respiratory failure is of concern in the postoperative period after cardiac surgeries. Invasive ventilation (intermittent positive pressure ventilation [IPPV]) carries the risks and complications of intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV). AIMS: Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is an alternative method and as effective as IPPV in treating insufficiency of respiration with less complications and minimal effects on respiratory and hemodynamic parameters next to open-heart surgery...
October 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988158/outcomes-of-oxygen-saturation-targeting-during-delivery-room-stabilisation-of-preterm-infants
#16
Ju Lee Oei, Neil N Finer, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Ian M Wright, Yacov Rabi, William Tarnow-Mordi, Wade Rich, Vishal Kapadia, Denise Rook, John P Smyth, Kei Lui, Maximo Vento
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between SpO2 at 5 min and preterm infant outcomes. DESIGN: Data from 768 infants <32 weeks gestation from 8 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of lower (≤0.3) versus higher (≥0.6) initial inspiratory fractions of oxygen (FiO2) for resuscitation, were examined. SETTING: Individual patient analysis of 8 RCTs INTERVENTIONS: Lower (≤0.3) versus higher (≥0.6) oxygen resuscitation strategies targeted to specific predefined SpO2 before 10 min of age...
October 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978223/physical-signs-and-clinical-findings-before-death-in-ill-elderly-patients
#17
Keiji Matsunami, Katsuyuki Tomita, Hirokazu Touge, Hiromitsu Sakai, Akira Yamasaki, Eiji Shimizu
Few studies have examined variations in both the physical signs and clinical findings in the final days and hours before the death of elderly patients. We determined the physical signs and clinical findings in patients who were at least 75 years old or were diagnosed with cancer with impending death and examined the association of these parameters with the profile and timing of their endocardiography (ECG) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) changes prior to death. In this prospective, observational study, between April 2014 and June 2017, we enrolled elderly patients who were admitted to the Respiratory Medicine Ward in our hospital and were near death, which was determined based on certain symptoms such as a loss of oral intake...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972989/evaluation-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Newton Santos Faria Júnior, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Israel Reis Santos, Anderson Soares Silva, Eduardo Araújo Perez, Ângela Honda Souza, Oliver Augusto Nascimento, José Roberto Jardim, Giuseppe Insalaco, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Roberto Stirbulov
The relationship between sleep disorders and bronchiectasis has not been well described. We hypothesize that, due to the irreversible dilatation of the bronchi, the presence of secretions, and airflow obstruction, patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis may be predisposed to hypoxemia during sleep, or to symptoms that may lead to arousal. A cross-sectional observational study was performed involving 49 patients with a clinical diagnosis of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). All patients underwent clinical evaluation, spirometry, and polysomnography, and were evaluated for the presence of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970321/effect-of-a-smaller-target-range-on-the-compliance-in-targeting-and-distribution-of-oxygen-saturation-in-preterm-infants
#19
Henriëtte Anje van Zanten, Steffen C Pauws, Ben J Stenson, Frans J Walther, Enrico Lopriore, Arjan B Te Pas
BACKGROUND: Following recent recommendations, the oxygen saturation (SpO2) target range for preterm infants in our nursery was narrowed towards the higher end from 85%-95% to 90%-95%. We determined the effect of narrowing the SpO2 target range on the compliance in target range and distribution of SpO2 in preterm infants. METHODS: Before and after changing the target range from 85%-95% to 90%-95%, infants <30 weeks of gestation receiving oxygen were compared during their admission on the neonatal intensive care unit...
September 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969247/amelioration-of-pain-on-injection-of-propofol-a-comparison-of-pretreatment-with-granisetron-vs-lignocaine
#20
Parvin Banu, Arunava Biswas, Syed Mohammed Naser, Sujata Ghosh, Kakoli Ghosh, Sangita Mandal
INTRODUCTION: Pain during propofol injection is a very commonly and frequently encountered event during induction of anaesthesia. A 5HT3 antagonists like granisetron are commonly used just prior to intravenous propofol as pre anaesthetic medication to prevent emesis in patients. AIM: Comparison of pre treatment with granisetron versus lignocaine with respect to amelioration of pain induced by injection of propofol, in patient admitted for elective surgery with general anaesthesia...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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