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anesthesia, nurse anesthetist, anesthesiologist

Jarno Jokelainen, Marianne Udd, Leena Kylänpää, Harri Mustonen, Jorma Halttunen, Outi Lindström, Reino Pöyhiä
OBJECTIVE: Patient controlled sedation (PCS) has been shown to be a valid choice for sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in randomized studies. However, large scale studies are lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single center, prospective observational study to determine how sedation for ERCP is administered in clinical setting. All 956 patients undergoing 1196 ERCPs in the endoscopy unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital 2012-2013, methods of sedation and adverse events associated with different sedations were recorded...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Thomas E Schulte, Ellen K Roberts, Kristina Birch, Steven J Lisco
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the workflow interruptions on an anesthesiology clinical director (CD). By assessing the interruptions on the CD, we hypothesize that these frequent interruptions would prohibit the CD from medical direction of residents or certified nurse anesthetists in operating rooms. DESIGN: Cellular phone data were obtained from Verizon Wireless statements over 10 months, August 2012 through May 2013. These data were from a single cellular phone carried by the anesthesia CD and subsequent overnight anesthesiologist 24 hours a day...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
James M Boiano, Andrea L Steege
Scavenging systems and administrative and work practice controls for minimizing occupational exposure to waste anesthetic gases have been recommended for many years. Anesthetic gases and vapors that are released or leak out during medical procedures are considered waste anesthetic gases. To better understand the extent recommended practices are used, the NIOSH Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers was conducted in 2011 among members of professional practice organizations representing anesthesia care providers including physician anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, and anesthesiologist assistants...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Douglas K Rex
Endoscopist-directed propofol (EDP) refers to delivery of propofol for endoscopic sedation under the direction of an endoscopist without any involvement of an anesthesia specialist (anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist). EDP has been proven to be safe and is also cost-effective compared with the anesthetist delivered sedation for endoscopy. EDP has been endorsed by US gastroenterology societies as an appropriate paradigm for clinical practice. EDP has proliferated in Switzerland and Germany, but its expansion in the United States has been limited by financial disincentives, concerns about medical-legal risk for endoscopists, and regulatory obstacles...
July 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Joss Thomas, Franklin Dexter, Ruth E Wachtel, Michael M Todd
In 2007, the Department of Anesthesia at the University of Iowa established an anesthesiologist-supervised nurse-managed sedation program. In 2008, the use of propofol and dexmedetomidine by nurses was approved in Iowa. We reviewed 11,038 elective sedation cases done between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2014. Caseload increased from 170 to 470 cases/quarter. Propofol use increased from 0% to approximately equal to 70% of cases and dexmedetomidine from 0% to approximately equal to 25% of cases. There were no safety issues...
June 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Melissa Lefave, Brad Harrell, Molly Wright
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to assess the ability of anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, and registered nurses to correctly identify anatomic landmarks of cricoid pressure and apply the correct amount of force. DESIGN: The project included an educational intervention with one group pretest-post-test design. METHODS: Participants demonstrated cricoid pressure on a laryngotracheal model. After an educational intervention video, participants were asked to repeat cricoid pressure on the model...
June 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Brighita Negrusa, Paul F Hogan, John T Warner, Caryl H Schroeder, Bo Pang
BACKGROUND: Scope of practice (SOP) laws governing Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) vary by state and drive CRNA practice and reimbursement. OBJECTIVE: To test whether the odds of an anesthesia complication vary by SOP and delivery model (CRNA only, anesthesiologist only, or mixed anesthesiologist and CRNAs team). METHODS: Anesthesia claims and related complications were identified in a large commercial payor database, including inpatient and ambulatory settings...
October 2016: Medical Care
Amanda C Faircloth, Arkadiy Dubovoy, Chuck Biddle, Diane Dodd-McCue, John F Butterworth
Background: Randomized controlled trials show that acupuncture and acupressure support anesthesia management by decreasing anxiety, opioid requirements, and treating post-operative nausea and vomiting. Acupuncture and acupressure have demonstrated clinical usefulness but have not yet diffused into mainstream anesthesia practice. To determine why, this study assessed U.S. anesthesia provider's perceptions of acupuncture and acupressure. Methods: After institutional review board approval, 96 anesthesiology departments stratified by geographic region (Northeast, South, West, and Midwest) and institution type (university medical centers, community hospitals, children's hospitals, and veterans affairs hospitals) were selected for participation in an anonymous, pretested, online survey...
April 1, 2016: Medical Acupuncture
Cassiane de Santana Lemos, Aparecida de Cassia Giani Peniche
OBJECTIVE: To search for the scientific evidence available on nursing professional actions during the anesthetic procedure. METHOD: An integrative review of articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish, indexed in MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS, National Cochrane, SciELO databases and the VHL portal. RESULTS: Seven studies were analyzed, showing nurse anesthetists' work in countries such as the United States and parts of Europe, with the formulation of a plan for anesthesia and patient care regarding the verification of materials and intraoperative controls...
February 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Alexander B Stone, Rosanne Sheinberg, Amanda Bertram, Anastasia Rowland Seymour
This study sought to measure current attitudes toward hypnosis among anesthesia providers using an in-person survey distributed at a single grand rounds at a single academic teaching hospital. One hundred twenty-six anesthesia providers (anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists) were included in this study. A 10-question Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved questionnaire was developed. One hundred twenty-six (73% of providers at the meeting) anesthesia providers completed the survey. Of the respondents, 54 (43%) were anesthesiologists, 42 (33%) were trainees (interns/residents/fellows) in anesthesia, and 30 (24%) were nurse anesthetists...
April 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
York Chen, Rodney A Gabriel, Bhavani S Kodali, Richard D Urman
On time start of the first case of the day is an important operating room (OR) efficiency metric, in which delays can have effects throughout the day. Although previous studies have identified various causes of first case start delays, none have attempted to evaluate the effect anesthesia staffing ratios have on first case start times. We performed a single-center retrospective analysis at an academic teaching hospital. Data was collected and analyzed over a period of 4 years and on more than 8,700 cases. We examined whether staffing ratios of attending only (solo staffing ratio), attending working with 1 resident/certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) (1 to 1), or attending covering 2 residents/CRNAs (1 to 2) had a significant effect on first patient in room time (FPIR) and first case on time start (FCOTS)...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Ethan Y Brovman, Rodney A Gabriel, Richard P Dutton, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVES: To examine patterns of use of pulmonary artery catheters in a large cohort of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A retrospective study with univariate and multivariate logistic regression to identify independent predictors for the utilization of pulmonary artery catheters. SETTING: University, small, medium and large community hospitals participating in the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 116,333 patients undergoing pulmonary artery catheter placement during cardiac surgery in the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry from the Anesthesia Quality Institute...
June 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Eric C Sun, Thomas R Miller, Nicholas M Halzack
In the United States, anesthesia care can be provided by anesthesiologists or nurse anesthetists. Since 2001, 17 states have exercised their right to "opt-out" of the federal requirement that a physician supervise the administration of anesthesia by a nurse anesthetist, with the majority citing increased access to anesthesia care as the rationale for their decision. By using Medicare data, we found that most (4 of 5) cohorts of "opt-out" states likely experienced smaller growth in anesthesia utilization rates compared with non-"opt-out" states, suggesting that opt-out was not associated with an increase in access to anesthesia care...
May 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Franklin Dexter, Ruth E Wachtel, Richard H Epstein
In this special article, we evaluate how to reduce the number of hours that anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists work beyond the end of their scheduled shifts. We limit consideration to surgical suites where the hours of cases in each operating room (OR) average 8 hours or more per day. Let "allocated hours" refer to the hours into which cases are scheduled, calculated months in advance for each combination of service and day of the week. Over-Utilized time is the OR workload exceeding allocated time. Reducing Over-Utilized time is the key to reducing the hours that anesthesia providers work late...
March 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
C Jason Liao, Jihan A Quraishi, Lorraine M Jordan
The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between socioeconomic factors related to geography and insurance type and the distribution of anesthesia provider type. Using the 2012 Area Resource File, the correlation analyses illustrates county median income is a key factor in distinguishing anesthesia provider distribution. Certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) correlated with lower-income populations where anesthesiologists correlated with higher-income populations. Furthermore, CRNAs correlated more with vulnerable populations such as the Medicaid-eligible population, uninsured population, and the unemployed...
September 2015: Nursing Economic$
Thomas R Miller, Amr Abouleish, Nicholas M Halzack
We examined hospitals that exclusively used the billing modifier QZ in anesthesia claims for a 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries in 2013. We used a national Medicare provider file to identify physician anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists affiliated with these hospitals. Among the 538 hospitals that exclusively reported the modifier QZ, 47.5% had affiliated physician anesthesiologists. These hospitals accounted for 60.4% of the cases. Our results illustrate the challenges of using modifier QZ to describe anesthesia practice arrangements in hospitals...
April 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Basavana Goudra, Preet Mohinder Singh, Gowri Gouda, Anuradha Borle, Augustus Carlin, Avantika Yadwad
Propofol is a popular anesthetic sedative employed in colonoscopy. It is known to increase the patient satisfaction and improve throughput. However, there are concerns among the clinicians with regard to the depth of sedation, as a deeper degree of sedation is known to increase the incidence of aspiration and other adverse events. So we planned to compare the depth of sedation between propofol and non-propofol based sedation in patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy, as measured by an electroencephalogram (EEG) based monitor SEDLine monitor (SedlineInc...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Dennis J Cirilla, Jason Ngo, Vadim Vaisman, Caroline Daly, Ashar Ata, Michael Sandison, Kevin Roberts
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The GlideScope video-guided laryngoscope is an alternative standard of care for rescue laryngoscopies when direct laryngoscopy is unsuccessful. During postoperative checks by an anesthesiologist, it was noticed that patients who reported sore throat often required GlideScope laryngoscopy. Consequently, it is difficult to determine whether postoperative sore throats are caused by irritation inflicted by multiple laryngoscopic attempts or the actual utilization of the GlideScope itself...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Richard H Epstein, Franklin Dexter, Neil Patel
In this review article, we address issues related to using data from anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) to deliver near real-time alerts via AIMS workstation popups and/or alphanumeric pagers and post hoc reports via e-mail. We focus on reports and alerts for influencing the behavior of anesthesia providers (i.e., anesthesiologists, anesthesia residents, and nurse anesthetists). Multiple studies have shown that anesthesia clinical decision support (CDS) improves adherence to protocols and increases financial performance through facilitation of billing, regulatory, and compliance documentation; however, improved clinical outcomes have not been demonstrated...
September 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Franklin Dexter, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical (operating room) production of individual anesthesiologists has been measured in multiple related ways (e.g., hours of direct clinical care), the same is not true for the quality of that effort. In our study, we consider the quality of clinical supervision provided by anesthesiologists who are supervising anesthesia residents and nurse anesthetists. The quality of the daily supervision can be measured reliably and validly using the scale developed by de Oliveira Filho et al...
August 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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