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Binod Kumar, Dipanjan Dutta, Jawed Iqbal, Mairaj Ahmed Ansari, Arunava Roy, Leela Chikoti, Gina Pisano, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Bala Chandran
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) binding to the endothelial cell surface heparan sulfate is followed by sequential interactions with α3β1, αVβ3 and αVβ5 integrins and Ephrin A2 receptor tyrosine kinase (EphA2R). These interactions activate host cell pre-existing FAK, Src, PI3-K and RhoGTPase signaling cascades, c-Cbl mediated ubiquitination of receptors, recruitment of CIB1, p130Cas and Crk adaptor molecules, and membrane bleb formation leading to lipid raft dependent macropinocytosis of KSHV into human microvascular dermal endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Ling Ma, Weiyou Zhu, Qiang Wang, Fengming Yang, Jing Qian, Tongpeng Xu, Shouyu Wang, Jianwei Zhou, Yongqian Shu
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) targeted therapy is currently considered as the standard treatment for HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer (GC). However, unsatisfactory results of recent phase III clinical trials involving lapatinib suggested biomarkers for selection of patients. The aim of this study was to identify JWA as a biomarker for lapatinib resistance in GC cells and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Lapatinib was effective to the intrinsic cisplatin-resistant GC cells. JWA activation conferred lapatinib unresponsiveness, but reversed cisplatin resistance in GC cells...
September 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Nan Yang, Fang Yu, Genze Shao, Yi Fu, Wei Kong
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by dilatation of the ventricular chambers and impaired myocardial contractility. The results of our previous study indicated that a deficiency in matricellular cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) led to spontaneous and progressive DCM in mice via the ubiquitination/degradation of integrin β1. However, the specific ubiquitin enzyme involved in degradation of integrin β1 and the pathogenesis of DCM remain elusive. We first compared gene expression profiles in hearts from 3-month-old wild type and COMP(-/-) mice using microarray analysis...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Shashar Moshe, Jamaica Siwak, Umit Tapan, Shin Yin Lee, Rosana D Meyer, Paige Parrack, Josenia Tan, Fatemeh Khatami, Jean Francis, Qing Zhao, Kevan Hartshorn, Vijaya B Kolachalama, Nader Rahimi, Vipul Chitalia
Despite the loss of Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) in a majority of colorectal cancers (CRC), not all CRCs bear hallmarks of Wnt activation, such as nuclear β-catenin. This underscores the presence of other Wnt regulators that are important to define, given the pathogenic and prognostic roles of nuclear β-catenin in human CRC. Herein, we investigated the effect of Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) on nuclear β-catenin, which is an oncoprotein upregulated in CRC due to loss-of-function APC or gain-of-function CTNNB1 mutations...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Paramita Ray, Yee Sun Tan, Vishal Somnay, Ranjit Mehta, Merna Sitto, Aarif Ahsan, Shyam Nyati, John P Naughton, Alexander Bridges, Lili Zhao, Alnawaz Rehemtulla, Theodore S Lawrence, Dipankar Ray, Mukesh K Nyati
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients carrying specific EGFR kinase activating mutations (L858R, delE746-A750) respond well to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, drug resistance develops within a year. In about 50% of such patients, acquired drug resistance is attributed to the enrichment of a constitutively active point mutation within the EGFR kinase domain (T790M). To date, differential drug-binding and altered ATP affinities by EGFR mutants have been shown to be responsible for differential TKI response...
September 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Lori Buetow, Giancarlo Tria, Syed Feroj Ahmed, Andreas Hock, Hao Dou, Gary J Sibbet, Dmitri I Svergun, Danny T Huang
BACKGROUND: Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl or c-Cbl) is a RING ubiquitin ligase that negatively regulates protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) signalling. Phosphorylation of a conserved residue (Tyr371) on the linker helix region (LHR) between the substrate-binding and RING domains is required to ubiquitinate PTKs, thereby flagging them for degradation. This conserved Tyr is a mutational hotspot in myeloproliferative neoplasms. Previous studies have revealed that select point mutations in Tyr371 can potentiate transformation in cells and mice but not all possible mutations do so...
2016: BMC Biology
Xibao Zhao, Huihui Zhu, Juan Yu, Hongrui Li, Jiafeng Ge, Weilin Chen
Induction of type I interferon is a fundamental cellular response to viral infection. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) plays an essential role in Toll-like receptor (TLR) and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) mediated induction of type I interferon and host antiviral responses. However, posttranslational regulation of IRF3 remains to be fully understood. In this study, we identified E3 ubiquitin ligase Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) as a negative regulator for IRF3 protein stability and IFN-β signal pathway...
November 2016: Cellular Signalling
Minakshi Nihal, Gary S Wood
Melanoma is one of the most aggressive and lethal forms of skin cancer. Despite recent improvements in targeted therapies, many patients with advanced disease fail to achieve lasting tumor regression. Therefore, it is important to develop novel druggable targets that can be exploited to improve clinical outcome. Here, we studied the role of Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-CBL), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, in human melanoma. Employing quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot analysis in a panel of human melanoma cell lines (A375, G361, Hs-294T, SK-Mel-2, SK-Mel-28 and 451Lu), we found that c-CBL is strongly expressed in human melanoma cells at the mRNA and protein levels...
July 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Kavisha Arora, Sunitha Yarlagadda, Weiqiang Zhang, ChangSuk Moon, Erin Bouquet, Saumini Srinivasan, Chunying Li, Dennis C Stokes, Anjaparavanda P Naren
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-shortening disease caused by the mutations that generate nonfunctional CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein. A rare serine-to-tyrosine (S1045Y) CFTR mutation was earlier reported to result in CF-associated fatality. We identified an African-American patient with the S1045Y mutation in CFTR, as well as a stop-codon mutation, who has a mild CF phenotype. The underlying mechanism of CF caused by S1045Y-CFTR has not been elucidated. In this study, we determined that S1045Y-CFTR exhibits twofold attenuated function compared with wild-type (WT)-CFTR...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Cleo E Rolle, Yi-Hung Carol Tan, Tanguy Y Seiwert, Sapana Vora, Rajani Kanteti, Rifat Hasina, George B Carey, Mosmi Surati, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Mark W Lingen, Everett E Vokes, Ravi Salgia
MET is frequently overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and degraded by c-CBL E3-ubiquitin ligase. We investigated genetic variations of c-CBL in HNSCC and the relationship between c-CBL and MET expression. High MET, low c-CBL expression was detected in 10 cell lines and 73 tumor tissues. Two novel mutations (L254S, L281F), and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) P782L were identified from archival tumor tissues. 27.3% of loss of heterozygosity was found at CBL locus. Ectopic expression of wild-type c-CBL in SCC-35 cells downregulated MET expression and decreased cell viability...
May 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Omri Matalon, Sophia Fried, Aviad Ben-Shmuel, Maor H Pauker, Noah Joseph, Danielle Keizer, Marina Piterburg, Mira Barda-Saad
Natural killer (NK) cells discriminate between healthy cells and virally infected or transformed self-cells by tuning activating and inhibitory signals received through cell surface receptors. Inhibitory receptors inhibit NK cell function by recruiting and activating the tyrosine phosphatase Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) to the plasma membrane. However, to date, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor VAV1 is the only direct SHP-1 substrate identified in NK cells...
2016: Science Signaling
Xiang Hu, Chaofeng Han, Jing Jin, Kewei Qin, Hua Zhang, Tianliang Li, Nan Li, Xuetao Cao
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) plays a central role in regulation of intestinal mucosal homeostasis and prevention of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We previously reported that CD11b(hi) regulatory dendritic cells (DCs) can produce more IL-10, and CD11b can negatively regulate Toll-like receptors (TLRs)-induced inflammatory responses in macrophages. However whether CD11b and its signaling can control autoimmunity via IL-10 production remains unclear. Here we found that CD11b deficient (Itgam(-/-)) mice were more susceptible to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis, with more tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) while less IL-10 production...
2016: Scientific Reports
Lin Dong, Yu-Zhen Li, Hai-Ting An, Ya-Long Wang, Shi-Hao Chen, Yan-Jing Qian, Ke Wang, Jun-Li Zhen, Zheng Fan, Xiao-Li Gong, Yan Zheng, Xiao-Min Wang
BACKGROUND: Microglia-mediated inflammation may play an important role in the pathophysiology progression of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. AIMS: This study sought to determine whether E3 ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl plays a role in the brain inflammation and to explore the relevant molecular mechanism. METHODS: After BV2 microglial cells and c-Cbl-deficient mice were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), neuroinflammation and microglial activation were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, ELISA and Western blot...
August 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Daniel P Radin, Parth Patel
Since its clinical inception, tamoxifen (TAM) has proved to be a powerful tool in treating estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers while exhibiting manageable side effects. Although TAM was synthesized as an estrogen receptor antagonist, reports have found that a significant fraction of women with estrogen receptor-negative cancers have benefitted from TAM treatment, suggesting the possibility of an alternate anti-cancer mechanism. In this paper, we present a review of recent and past literature in an attempt to clarify how TAM inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in cells lacking the estrogen receptor...
June 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Zhitao Jing, Long Li, Xin Wang, Minghao Wang, Ying Cai, Z I Jin, Y E Zhang
Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) expression has been linked to the development of several types of cancer. However, no studies on the association of c-Cbl and glioma have been published thus far. The present study examined glioma samples obtained from 136 patients treated at The First Hospital of China Medical University (Shenyang, China) from January 2007 to December 2009, and the expression levels of c-Cbl in the samples were evaluated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
April 2016: Oncology Letters
Joao Nunes, Hua Zhang, Nicos Angelopoulos, Jyoti Chhetri, Clodia Osipo, Arnhild Grothey, Justin Stebbing, Georgios Giamas
Acquired or de novo resistance to trastuzumab remains a barrier to patient survival and mechanisms underlying this still remain unclear. Using stable isotope labelling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC)-based quantitative proteomics to compare proteome profiles between trastuzumab sensitive/resistant cells, we identified autophagy related protein 9A (ATG9A) as a down-regulated protein in trastuzumab resistant cells (BT474-TR). Interestingly, ATG9A ectopic expression markedly decreased the proliferative ability of BT474-TR cells but not that of the parental line (BT474)...
May 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Charlotte Rorsman, Maria Tsioumpekou, Carl-Henrik Heldin, Johan Lennartsson
Protein ubiquitination controls protein stability and subcellular localization of tyrosine kinase receptors, hence affecting signaling both quantitatively and qualitatively. In this report, we demonstrate that, after ligand stimulation, the PDGF β receptor (PDGFRβ) becomes ubiquitinated in a manner requiring both the c-Cbl and Cbl-b ubiquitin ligases. Simultaneous depletion of c-Cbl and Cbl-b resulted in reduced ligand-induced PDGFRβ clearance from the cell surface because of reduced endocytosis of the receptor...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Nagham Asp, Audun Kvalvaag, Kirsten Sandvig, Sascha Pust
The ERM protein family is implicated in processes such as signal transduction, protein trafficking, cell proliferation and migration. Consequently, dysregulation of ERM proteins has been described to correlate with carcinogenesis of different cancer types. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate a novel functional interaction between ERM proteins and the ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinase in breast cancer cells. We show that the ERM proteins ezrin and radixin are associated with ErbB2 receptors at the plasma membrane, and depletion or functional inhibition of ERM proteins destabilizes the interaction of ErbB2 with ErbB3, Hsp90 and Ebp50...
May 3, 2016: Oncotarget
Xuan Li, Jae-Joon Jung, Lei Nie, Mahmoud Razavian, Jiasheng Zhang, Varman Samuel, Mehran M Sadeghi
Insulin effects on cell metabolism, growth, and survival are mediated by its binding to, and activation of, insulin receptor. With increasing prevalence of insulin resistance and diabetes there is considerable interest in identifying novel regulators of insulin signal transduction. The transmembrane protein endothelial and smooth muscle cell-derived neuropilin-like protein (ESDN) is a novel regulator of vascular remodeling and angiogenesis. Here, we investigate a potential role of ESDN in insulin signaling, demonstrating that Esdn gene deletion promotes insulin-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Sasha Bogdanovich, Younghee Kim, Takeshi Mizutani, Reo Yasuma, Laura Tudisco, Valeria Cicatiello, Ana Bastos-Carvalho, Nagaraj Kerur, Yoshio Hirano, Judit Z Baffi, Valeria Tarallo, Shengjian Li, Tetsuhiro Yasuma, Parthasarathy Arpitha, Benjamin J Fowler, Charles B Wright, Ivana Apicella, Adelaide Greco, Arturo Brunetti, Menotti Ruvo, Annamaria Sandomenico, Miho Nozaki, Ryo Ijima, Hiroki Kaneko, Yuichiro Ogura, Hiroko Terasaki, Balamurali K Ambati, Jeanette Hw Leusen, Wallace Y Langdon, Michael R Clark, Kathryn L Armour, Pierre Bruhns, J Sjef Verbeek, Bradley D Gelfand, Sandro De Falco, Jayakrishna Ambati
Aberrant angiogenesis is implicated in diseases affecting nearly 10% of the world's population. The most widely used anti-angiogenic drug is bevacizumab, a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody that targets human VEGFA. Although bevacizumab does not recognize mouse Vegfa, it inhibits angiogenesis in mice. Here we show bevacizumab suppressed angiogenesis in three mouse models not via Vegfa blockade but rather Fc-mediated signaling through FcγRI (CD64) and c-Cbl, impairing macrophage migration. Other approved humanized or human IgG1 antibodies without mouse targets (adalimumab, alemtuzumab, ofatumumab, omalizumab, palivizumab and tocilizumab), mouse IgG2a, and overexpression of human IgG1-Fc or mouse IgG2a-Fc, also inhibited angiogenesis in wild-type and FcγR humanized mice...
2016: Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
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