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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792300/what-is-the-effect-of-secondary-high-schooling-on-subsequent-medical-school-performance-a-national-uk-based-cohort-study
#1
Lazaro M Mwandigha, Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Adetayo S Kasim, Jan R Böhnke
OBJECTIVES: University academic achievement may be inversely related to the performance of the secondary (high) school an entrant attended. Indeed, some medical schools already offer 'grade discounts' to applicants from less well-performing schools. However, evidence to guide such policies is lacking. In this study, we analyse a national dataset in order to understand the relationship between the two main predictors of medical school admission in the UK (prior educational attainment (PEA) and performance on the United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT)) and subsequent undergraduate knowledge and skills-related outcomes analysed separately...
May 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724213/the-ability-of-non-cognitive-traits-to-predict-undergraduate-performance-in-medical-schools-a-national-linkage-study
#2
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622041/predictors-of-fitness-to-practise-declarations-in-uk-medical-undergraduates
#3
Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin, Daniel Smith, Jon S Dowell, Lazaro M Mwandigha
BACKGROUND: Misconduct during medical school predicts subsequent fitness to practise (FtP) events in doctors, but relatively little is known about which factors are associated with such issues during undergraduate education. This study exploits the newly created UK medical education database (UKMED), with the aim of identifying predictors of conduct or health-related issues that could potentially impair FtP. The findings would have implications for policies related to both the selection and support of medical students...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535485/widening-participation-to-the-medical-course-at-queens-university-belfast
#4
A McKinley, M Stevenson, K Steele
The United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) was introduced to assist in identification of applicants from all levels of society with the appropriate characteristics to become good doctors. Evidence that the UKCAT has achieved such widened participation (WP) in applicants to medical school remains elusive. One of the limitations to WP investigation has been that data on socioeconomic status of applicants to medical schools has been obtained through voluntary submission on application to UKCAT and up to 30% of applications offered either none or only limited information...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444782/are-efforts-to-attract-graduate-applicants-to-uk-medical-schools-effective-in-increasing-the-participation-of-under-represented-socioeconomic-groups-a-national-cohort-study
#5
Ben Kumwenda, Jennifer Cleland, Rachel Greatrix, Rhoda Katharine MacKenzie, Gordon Prescott
INTRODUCTION: Attracting graduates was recommended as a means of diversifying the UK medical student population. Graduates now make up nearly a quarter of the total medical student population. Research to date has focused on comparing the sociodemographic characteristics of applicants to and/or students on traditional and graduate entry programmes (GEMs), yet GEMs account for only 40% of the graduate medical student population. Thus, we aimed to compare the sociodemographic characteristic and outcomes of graduates and non-graduate applicants across a range of programmes...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860227/the-relationship-between-school-type-and-academic-performance-at-medical-school-a-national-multi-cohort-study
#6
Ben Kumwenda, Jennifer A Cleland, Kim Walker, Amanda J Lee, Rachel Greatrix
OBJECTIVES: Differential attainment in school examinations is one of the barriers to increasing student diversity in medicine. However, studies on the predictive validity of prior academic achievement and educational performance at medical school are contradictory, possibly due to single-site studies or studies which focus only on early years' performance. To address these gaps, we examined the relationship between sociodemographic factors, including school type and average educational performance throughout medical school across a large number of diverse medical programmes...
August 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781199/data-mining-in-oncology-the-ukcat-project-and-the-practicalities-of-working-with-routine-patient-data
#7
EDITORIAL
G Price, M van Herk, C Faivre-Finn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#8
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
September 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855088/does-the-ukcat-predict-performance-on-exit-from-medical-school-a-national-cohort-study
#9
R K MacKenzie, J A Cleland, D Ayansina, S Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Most UK medical programmes use aptitude tests during student selection, but large-scale studies of predictive validity are rare. This study assesses the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk), and 4 of its subscales, along with individual and contextual socioeconomic background factors, as predictors of performance during, and on exit from, medical school. METHODS: This was an observational study of 6294 medical students from 30 UK medical programmes who took the UKCAT from 2006 to 2008, for whom selection data from the UK Foundation Programme (UKFPO), the next stage of UK medical education training, were available in 2013...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704290/do-personality-traits-assessed-on-medical-school-admission-predict-exit-performance-a-uk-wide-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/ ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
May 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666338/exploring-uses-of-the-uk-clinical-aptitude-test-situational-judgement-test-in-a-dental-student-selection-process
#11
P Lambe, E Kay, D Bristow
AIM: In 2013 the UKCAT included a non-cognitive situational judgement test in addition to the four cognitive subtests commonly used by UK dental schools to select students. However, little is known about the situational judgement test's psychometric properties and relationship to other selection tools. This study's aim was explore these issues to inform decisions about the inclusion of the UKCAT SJT in the dental student selection process. METHOD: The sample comprised a cohort of applicants to a Bachelor of Dental Surgery programme, at a UK dental school, which does not use achievement in the UKCAT SJT in its selection process...
February 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638740/predictive-validity-of-the-ukcat-for-medical-school-undergraduate-performance-a-national-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Paul A Tiffin, Lazaro M Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, H Hesselgreaves, John C McLachlan, Gabrielle M Finn, Adetayo S Kasim
BACKGROUND: The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) has been shown to have a modest but statistically significant ability to predict aspects of academic performance throughout medical school. Previously, this ability has been shown to be incremental to conventional measures of educational performance for the first year of medical school. This study evaluates whether this predictive ability extends throughout the whole of undergraduate medical study and explores the potential impact of using the test as a selection screening tool...
September 26, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628720/longitudinal-assessment-of-the-impact-of-the-use-of-the-uk-clinical-aptitude-test-for-medical-student-selection
#13
Jonathan Mathers, Alice Sitch, Jayne Parry
CONTEXT: Medical schools are increasingly using novel tools to select applicants. The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is one such tool and measures mental abilities, attitudes and professional behaviour conducive to being a doctor using constructs likely to be less affected by socio-demographic factors than traditional measures of potential. Universities are free to use UKCAT as they see fit but three broad modalities have been observed: 'borderline', 'factor' and 'threshold'. This paper aims to provide the first longitudinal analyses assessing the impact of the different uses of UKCAT on making offers to applicants with different socio-demographic characteristics...
October 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170081/widening-access-in-selection-using-situational-judgement-tests-evidence-from-the-ukcat
#14
Filip Lievens, Fiona Patterson, Jan Corstjens, Stuart Martin, Sandra Nicholson
CONTEXT: Widening access promotes student diversity and the appropriate representation of all demographic groups. This study aims to examine diversity-related benefits of the use of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) in terms of three demographic variables: (i) socio-economic status (SES); (ii) ethnicity, and (iii) gender. METHODS: Outcomes in medical and dental school applicant cohorts for the years 2012 (n = 15 581) and 2013 (n = 15 454) were studied...
June 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149449/a-cross-sectional-study-of-current-doctors-performance-in-a-modified-version-of-a-medical-school-admission-aptitude-test-the-ukcat
#15
James P Blackmur, Nazir I Lone, Oliver D Stone, David J Webb, Neeraj Dhaun
The 2-hour long United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is used by many universities in the United Kingdom as part of their selection process for undergraduate medical and dentistry degrees. We aimed to compare the performance of senior doctors in primary and secondary care and across a range of specialties, in a modified version of the medical school entrance examination-the mUKCAT. Lay people were also included in the study. Despite its widespread use, this is the first study that examines the performance of senior clinicians in the UKCAT...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901809/does-a-selection-interview-predict-year-1-performance-in-dental-school
#16
R McAndrew, J Ellis, R A Valentine
It is important for dental schools to select students who will complete their degree and progress on to become the dentists of the future. The process should be transparent, fair and ethical and utilise selection tools that select appropriate students. The interview is an integral part of UK dental schools student selection procedures. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken in order to determine whether different interview methods (Cardiff with a multiple mini interview and Newcastle with a more traditional interview process) along with other components used in selection predicted academic performance in students...
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330210/evaluating-the-validity-of-an-integrity-based-situational-judgement-test-for-medical-school-admissions
#17
Adrian Husbands, Mark J Rodgerson, Jon Dowell, Fiona Patterson
BACKGROUND: While the construct of integrity has emerged as a front-runner amongst the desirable attributes to select for in medical school admissions, it is less clear how best to assess this characteristic. A potential solution lies in the use of Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) which have gained popularity due to robust psychometric evidence and potential for large-scale administration. This study aims to explore the psychometric properties of an SJT designed to measure the construct of integrity...
2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26114703/predictive-value-of-the-admissions-process-and-the-uk-clinical-aptitude-test-in-a-graduate-entry-dental-school
#18
J I Foley, K Hijazi
AIM: To assess the association between admissions performance and the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT), and subsequent achievement within a graduate-entry dental school. METHOD: The study was conducted at the University of Aberdeen Dental School between 2010 and 2014. Student demographics, pre-admission scores (PAS), Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS) tariffs, multiple mini-interview (MMI) grades, UKCAT scores and percentiles were correlated with academic performance reported as the University Common Assessment Scale (0-20)...
July 2015: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25665628/predictors-of-professional-behaviour-and-academic-outcomes-in-a-uk-medical-school-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Jane Adam, Miles Bore, Roy Childs, Jason Dunn, Jean Mckendree, Don Munro, David Powis
BACKGROUND: Over the past 70 years, there has been a recurring debate in the literature and in the popular press about how best to select medical students. This implies that we are still not getting it right: either some students are unsuited to medicine or the graduating doctors are considered unsatisfactory, or both. AIM: To determine whether particular variables at the point of selection might distinguish those more likely to become satisfactory professional doctors, by following a complete intake cohort of students throughout medical school and analysing all the data used for the students' selection, their performance on a range of other potential selection tests, academic and clinical assessments throughout their studies, and records of professional behaviour covering the entire five years of the course...
2015: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24919950/predictive-power-of-ukcat-and-other-pre-admission-measures-for-performance-in-a-medical-school-in-glasgow-a-cohort-study
#20
Nana Sartania, John D McClure, Helen Sweeting, Allison Browitt
BACKGROUND: The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) and its four subtests are currently used by 24 Medical and Dental Schools in the UK for admissions. This longitudinal study examines the predictive validity of UKCAT for final performance in the undergraduate medical degree programme at one Medical School and compares this with the predictive validity of the selection measures available pre-UKCAT. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of one cohort of students, admitted to Glasgow Medical School in 2007...
June 11, 2014: BMC Medical Education
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