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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450570/predicting-success-in-medical-school-a-longitudinal-study-of-common-australian-student-selection-tools
#1
Ruth M Sladek, Malcolm J Bond, Linda K Frost, Kirsty N Prior
BACKGROUND: Medical student selection and assessment share an underlying high stakes context with the need for valid and reliable tools. This study examined the predictive validity of three tools commonly used in Australia: previous academic performance (Grade Point Average (GPA)), cognitive aptitude (a national admissions test), and non-academic qualities of prospective medical students (interview). METHODS: A four year retrospective cohort study was conducted at Flinders University Australia involving 382 graduate entry medical students first enrolled between 2006 and 2009...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25889535/gamsat-a-10-year-retrospective-overview-with-detailed-analysis-of-candidates-performance-in-2014
#2
Annette Mercer, Brendan Crotty, Louise Alldridge, Luc Le, Veronica Vele
BACKGROUND: The Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admission Test (GAMSAT) is undertaken annually in centres around Australia and a small number of overseas locations. Most Australian graduate entry medical schools also use Grade Point Average and interview score for selection. The aim of this study was to review the performance of the GAMSAT over the last 10 years; the study provides an analysis of the impact of candidates' gender, age, language background, level of academic qualification and background discipline on performance; and details on the performance of higher-scoring candidates...
March 5, 2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25779411/gamsat-a-10-year-retrospective-overview-with-detailed-analysis-of-candidates-performance-in-2014
#3
Annette Mercer, Brendan Crotty, Louise Alldridge, Luc Le, Veronica Vele
BACKGROUND: The Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admission Test (GAMSAT) is undertaken annually in centres around Australia and a small number of overseas locations. Most Australian graduate entry medical schools also use Grade Point Average and interview score for selection. The aim of this study was to review the performance of the GAMSAT over the last 10 years; the study provides an analysis of the impact of candidates' gender, age, language background, level of academic qualification and background discipline on performance; and details on the performance of higher-scoring candidates...
December 2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24528509/predicting-academic-outcomes-in-an-australian-graduate-entry-medical-programme
#4
Ian B Puddey, Annette Mercer
BACKGROUND: Predictive validity studies for selection criteria into graduate entry courses in Australia have been inconsistent in their outcomes. One of the reasons for this inconsistency may have been failure to have adequately considered background disciplines of the graduates as well as other potential confounding socio-demographic variables that may influence academic performance. METHODS: Graduate entrants into the MBBS at The University of Western Australia between 2005 and 2012 were studied (N = 421)...
2014: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24484112/removing-the-interview-for-medical-school-selection-is-associated-with-gender-bias-among-enrolled-students
#5
David Wilkinson, Mavourneen G Casey, Diann S Eley
OBJECTIVE: To report, and determine reasons for, a change in the gender ratio observed among enrolled medical students after removal of the interview from the selection process. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of 4051 students admitted to the medical program at the University of Queensland between 2004 and 2012. Students are enrolled either directly as graduates or via a school-leaver pathway. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in proportions of male and female students over time, and gender-specific scores in the three sections of the GAMSAT (Graduate Medical School Admissions Test)...
February 3, 2014: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23249471/profiling-strugglers-in-a-graduate-entry-medicine-course-at-nottingham-a-retrospective-case-study
#6
Paul Garrud, Janet Yates
BACKGROUND: 10-15% of students struggle at some point in their medicine course. Risk factors include weaker academic qualifications, male gender, mental illness, UK ethnic minority status, and poor study skills. Recent research on an undergraduate medicine course provided a toolkit to aid early identification of students likely to struggle, who can be targeted by established support and study interventions. The present study sought to extend this work by investigating the number and characteristics of strugglers on a graduate-entry medicine (GEM) programme...
December 18, 2012: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22132089/graduate-entry-medicine-selection-criteria-and-student-performance
#7
Owen Bodger, Aidan Byrne, Philip A Evans, Sarah Rees, Gwen Jones, Claire Cowell, Mike B Gravenor, Rhys Williams
BACKGROUND: Graduate entry medicine raises new questions about the suitability of students with different backgrounds. We examine this, and the broader issue of effectiveness of selection and assessment procedures. METHODS: The data included background characteristics, academic record, interview score and performance in pre-clinical modular assessment for two years intake of graduate entry medical students. Exploratory factor analysis is a powerful method for reducing a large number of measures to a smaller group of underlying factors...
2011: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20854240/selecting-medical-students-for-academic-and-attitudinal-outcomes-in-a-catholic-medical-school
#8
Julie A Quinlivan, Lawrence T Lam, Siu hong Wan, Rodney W Petersen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the four criteria used by the University of Notre Dame Australia (UNDA) to select medical students are successful in selecting for graduates with the desired outcomes of academic excellence and Catholic "mission fit". DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective cohort study of medical students selected for 2008 and 2009 entry to UNDA in Sydney, New South Wales. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The statistical association between the two academic selection criteria of the Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT) and grade point average (GPA) compared with the outcome of medical school examination performance, and the two mission selection criteria of a portfolio score and interview score compared with the outcome of a positive attitude towards serving underserved communities as measured using the Medical Student Attitudes Toward the Underserved (MSATU) test...
September 20, 2010: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18823519/establishing-the-criterion-validity-of-the-graduate-medical-school-admissions-test-gamsat
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hamish Coates
CONTEXT: This paper examines the criterion validity of the Graduate Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT), which has been used since 1996 in Australia and more recently in the UK and Ireland. The study provides evidence on the extent to which GAMSAT, in combination with grade point average (GPA) and interview scores, adds value to determining an individual's capability for medical study. The study responds to increasing demand for information on the validity of selection processes. Criterion validity is important because it helps to empirically situate selection tests within their broader contexts by, for instance, providing an assurance to educators and the public that test results are valid and add value to selection decisions...
October 2008: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18341459/medical-school-selection-criteria-and-the-prediction-of-academic-performance
#10
David Wilkinson, Jianzhen Zhang, Gerard J Byrne, Haida Luke, Ieva Z Ozolins, Malcolm H Parker, Raymond F Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To assess how well prior academic performance, admission tests, and interviews predict academic performance in a graduate medical school. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Analysis of academic performance of 706 students in three consecutive cohorts of the 4-year graduate-entry medical program at the University of Queensland. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of academic performance during the medical program explained by selection criteria, and correlation between selection criteria and performance...
March 17, 2008: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18338992/factors-affecting-the-utility-of-the-multiple-mini-interview-in-selecting-candidates-for-graduate-entry-medical-school
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Chris Roberts, Merrilyn Walton, Imogene Rothnie, Jim Crossley, Patricia Lyon, Koshila Kumar, David Tiller
CONTEXT: We wished to determine which factors are important in ensuring interviewers are able to make reliable and valid decisions about the non-cognitive characteristics of candidates when selecting candidates for entry into a graduate-entry medical programme using the multiple mini-interview (MMI). METHODS: Data came from a high-stakes admissions procedure. Content validity was assured by using a framework based on international criteria for sampling the behaviours expected of entry-level students...
April 2008: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18256874/graduate-medical-education-in-ireland-a-profile-of-the-first-cohort-of-students
#12
P Finucane, R Arnett, A Johnson, M Waters
BACKGROUND: The first graduate-entry programmes to Irish medicine were established at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) and the University of Limerick (UL) in 2007. There were over 400 applications across both institutions and 306 people sat a special aptitude test (GAMSAT) in Ireland in 2007. Ultimately, 61 Irish/EU students were admitted to one or other programme. AIMS AND METHODS: We describe the demographic profile, academic background and aggregated GAMSAT performance of 306 people who sat GAMSAT in Ireland in 2007 and of the 61 people admitted to the RCSI/UL programmes...
March 2008: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17309399/entry-tests-for-graduate-medical-programs-is-it-time-to-re-think
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michele A Groves, Jill Gordon, Greg Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between medical school applicants' performances in the Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT) and structured interviews and their subsequent performance in medical school. DESIGN: Students in Years 2-4 of two graduate-entry medical programs were invited to complete two previously validated tests of clinical reasoning. These results and their Year 2 examination results were compared with their previous performance in GAMSAT and at interview...
February 5, 2007: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9076269/a-selection-test-for-australian-graduate-entry-medical-schools
#14
C J Aldous, S R Leeder, J Price, A E Sefton, J K Teubner
One of the selection criteria for the three Australian medical schools with graduate-entry programs is performance in a common entry test, the Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT). We found that scores for GAMSAT in 1996 (its second year) varied significantly with candidate sex, age, highest degree level and main subject in first degree. Mean scores were highest for men, younger candidates, honours graduates and those with a physical sciences background. However, arts and social sciences graduates (9...
March 3, 1997: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6942522/influence-of-social-factors-on-the-effect-of-different-prophylactic-regimens
#15
T Faresjö, G Gamsäter, S E Hamp, T Nilsson, I Westerberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1981: Swedish Dental Journal. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6588720/relevance-of-social-and-behavioral-factors-in-the-evaluation-of-dental-health-care-for-school-children
#16
S E Hamp, T Nilsson, T Faresjö, G Gamsäter
An interdisciplinary strategy based on a theoretical model for studying dental health was used to analyze the relevance of social and behavioral factors in the evaluation of dental health care for school children. The study comprised pupils who, after a total period of 5 years, differed in their experience with preventive regimens applying different principles of dental prevention. In 1979-80 social and behavioral data were collected by means of a postal questionnaire from altogether 234 pupils, aged 15-16 years, from two school areas...
April 1984: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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