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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791451/exploring-adverse-parent-child-relationships-from-the-perspective-of-convicted-child-murderers-a-south-african-qualitative-study
#1
Bianca Dekel, Naeemah Abrahams, Michelle Andipatin
Child homicide is the most extreme form of violence against children. Within South Africa, children face the highest risk of homicide by parents/caregivers. It is suggested that prolonged exposure to adverse relationships with one's own parents may be linked to committing child homicide as it may lead to psychological damage and disturb neurological functioning. This paper explores the adverse parent-child relationships of 22 men and women incarcerated for the murder of either a biological child, a stepchild or a child in their care and draws on 49 in-depth interviews with these participants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790139/-the-process-of-healing-child-physical-abuse-sprouting-and-twining
#2
Hsin-Yi Chang, Jui-Ying Feng, Ren-Mei Tseng
BACKGROUND: Child physical abuse impacts the physical and psychological health of survivors. Healing child abuse is an essential process that helps survivors reorganize the meaning of the trauma and pursue a normal life. Considering the trauma of child physical abuse within the social context allows the experiences of individual survivors to be reflected in their process of healing. PURPOSE: To explore the social interaction and construction process of healing experienced by survivors of child physical abuse...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786886/predictors-of-treatment-completion-for-families-referred-to-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-after-child-abuse
#3
Marianne Celano, Amanda NeMoyer, Anna Stagg, Nikia Scott
Despite advances in the dissemination of evidence-based therapy for abuse-related traumatic stress, many referred children fail to complete treatment. Using archival data from a sample of children participating in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) at a hospital-based child advocacy center, analyses explored the impact of baseline child traumatic stress symptoms, a second (nonprimary) caregiver's treatment attendance, and the number of assessment sessions on treatment completion while controlling for demographic variables...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780910/aerial-drone-misadventure-a-novel-case-of-trauma-resulting-in-ocular-globe-rupture
#4
Eliza E Moskowitz, Yonaton M Siegel-Richman, George Hertner, Thomas Schroeppel
Purpose: The purpose of this case report is to present the novel findings of a drone causing such a traumatic ocular injury and provide recommendations for how it might be prevented. Observations: We report on a recent case where a child presented to our Emergency Department after incurring a blow to the face by the propeller of a remote controlled drone. The patient suffered significant trauma including rupture of the right globe. Conclusions: As drone sales continue to rise, it is important that physicians be prepared to treat the potential injuries that may result from using these devices...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779843/sociodemographic-determinants-of-non-accidental-traumatic-injuries-in-children
#5
Omar Nunez Lopez, Byron D Hughes, Deepak Adhikari, Kari Williams, Ravi S Radhakrishnan, Kanika A Bowen-Jallow
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries account for 18% of child abuse cases and 1680 children die from abuse annually. We set out to determine the impact of sociodemographic characteristics on resource utilization and outcomes in nonaccidental trauma (NAT). METHODS: We used the Kid's Inpatient Database to identify children with two main subgroups of child abuse diagnoses: NAT and other forms of child abuse. Income was represented by quartiles. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and regression analyses...
May 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778039/identifying-the-trauma-recovery-needs-of-maltreated-children-an-examination-of-child-welfare-workers-effectiveness-in-screening-for-traumatic-stress
#6
Adrienne Whitt-Woosley, Ginny Sprang, David G Royse
Children in the child welfare system comprise a group characterized by exposure to trauma via experiences of maltreatment, under circumstances presenting multiple risk factors for traumatic stress. High rates of posttraumatic stress have been observed in this population. However, there is currently no standard for the universal screening of children in child welfare for trauma exposure and traumatic stress. This study examined the trauma experiences of a sample of maltreated children and whether their child welfare workers were effective screeners of traumatic stress symptoms...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778009/exploring-opioid-use-disorder-its-impact-and-treatment-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-as-part-of-a-family
#7
Avik Chatterjee, Eun Jin Yu, Lindsay Tishberg
BACKGROUND: Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) causes significant morbidity and mortality among people experiencing homelessness. We aimed to explore the unique way in which OUD impacts individuals experiencing homelessness as part of a family. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with adults experiencing OUD staying in Boston-area family shelters along with dependent children. We used Borkan's Immersion-Crystallization method to uncover themes from interview transcripts...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#8
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771484/management-of-multiply-injured-pediatric-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Andria Tatem, Rupa Kapoor
Management of the child with multiple traumatic injuries can be challenging, and important injuries may not be readily recognized. Early recognition of serious injuries, initiation of appropriate diagnostic studies, and rapid stabilization of injuries are key to decreasing morbidity and mortality in the multiply injured pediatric trauma patient. The differential diagnosis for these patients is wide, and treatment is targeted to the specific injuries. In this issue, a systematic approach to the multiply injured pediatric patient will be reviewed, with specific attention to commonly missed injuries and those injuries that may cause significant morbidity or mortality...
June 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768125/investigating-the-usefulness-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-adolescent-residential-care
#10
Valerie C Joiner, Frederick P Buttell
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the usefulness of the trauma intervention, trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), for adolescents in residential treatment. METHOD: The study employed a secondary analysis of 132 adolescent trauma cases collected from youth while in a residential treatment facility in Mississippi. RESULTS: Analysis indicated that clients showed significant decreases in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity scores after receiving TF-CBT in residential care...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766572/multiple-superficial-oral-mucoceles-after-mycoplasma-induced-mucositis
#11
Meggie Morand, Afshin Hatami
Oral mucoceles are lesions arising mainly from the minor salivary glands and are thought to occur after excretory duct trauma. We report a case of multiple superficial oral mucoceles on a child's labial mucosa after Mycoplasma pneumoniae mucositis. Mucoceles can mimic persistent or recurrent stomatitis and lead to potential errors in management.
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766414/oral-health-and-oral-health-risk-behaviour-in-children-with-and-without-externalising-behaviour-problems
#12
M Staberg, J G Norén, L Gahnberg, A Ghaderi, C Kadesjö, A Robertson
AIM: This was to study children with early detected externalising behaviour problems compared to matched controls regarding oral health, oral health risk behaviour and the parental evaluation of the child's oral health and dental care. METHODS: Children aged 10-13 years and with externalising behaviour problems, were compared to matched controls. Behavioural characteristics were based on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. The children and their parents completed questionnaires regarding dental fear, tooth brushing, dietary habits and evaluation of oral health and dental care...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764522/treatment-resistant-depression-and-peripheral-c-reactive-protein
#13
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jonathan Cavanagh, Peter de Boer, Valeria Mondelli, Declan N C Jones, Wayne C Drevets, Philip J Cowen, Neil A Harrison, Linda Pointon, Carmine M Pariante, Edward T Bullmore
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a candidate biomarker for major depressive disorder (MDD), but it is unclear how peripheral CRP levels relate to the heterogeneous clinical phenotypes of the disorder.AimTo explore CRP in MDD and its phenotypic associations. METHOD: We recruited 102 treatment-resistant patients with MDD currently experiencing depression, 48 treatment-responsive patients with MDD not currently experiencing depression, 48 patients with depression who were not receiving medication and 54 healthy volunteers...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753199/acceptability-of-the-predicting-abusive-head-trauma-predaht-clinical-prediction-tool-a-qualitative-study-with-child-protection-professionals
#14
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
The validated Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool estimates the probability of abusive head trauma (AHT) based on combinations of six clinical features: head/neck bruising; apnea; seizures; rib/long-bone fractures; retinal hemorrhages. We aimed to determine the acceptability of PredAHT to child protection professionals. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 participants: clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752663/understanding-the-pathways-between-mothers-childhood-maltreatment-experiences-and-patterns-of-insecure-attachment-with-young-children-via-symptoms-of-depression
#15
Maria Khan, Kimberly Renk
Although research has suggested that mothers who experienced childhood maltreatment tend to exhibit heightened risk for attachment difficulties with their young children, less is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. Thus, this study examined mothers' symptoms of depression as a mediator in the relationship between mothers' childhood maltreatment experiences and patterns of insecure (i.e., anxious, avoidant, and disorganized) mother-young child attachment. Mothers (N = 146) with children aged 1½-to 5-years provided ratings of their childhood maltreatment experiences, attachment with their young children, and symptoms of depression...
May 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743136/improving-mental-health-among-ultra-poor-children-two-year-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-burkina-faso
#16
Leyla Ismayilova, Leyla Karimli, Jo Sanson, Eleni Gaveras, Rachel Nanema, Alexice Tô-Camier, Josh Chaffin
RATIONALE: There is limited evidence about interventions improving child mental health in francophone West Africa. Behavioral mental health interventions alone may have limited effects on children's emotional well-being in families living in abject poverty, especially in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study tests the effects of economic intervention, alone and in combination with a family-focused component, on the mental health of children from ultra-poor households in rural Burkina Faso...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742631/neurobiology-of-trauma-and-mindfulness-for-children
#17
Jaclyn Iacona, Stephanie Johnson
Adverse child experiences (ACEs) have a significant impact on developing children, both physically and psychologically, with ongoing consequences that may manifest throughout adulthood. These negative health consequences can be mitigated if a child is given a supportive environment in which to develop healthy coping mechanisms. Those who specialize in caring for children with ACEs must understand the neurobiology of trauma to conceptualize how trauma triggers the brain and body when encountering stressful events...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740736/a-rare-case-of-life-threatening-traumatic-carotid-artery-dissection-in-a-child
#18
Fulya Kamit Can, Soysal Turhan, Ayse Berna Anil, Kadir Burhan Karadem, Onur Aras Isik
Penetrating injuries of the carotid and vertebral arteries are rare, but life-threatening conditions. There are still challenges in the first intervention management and patient treatment. Deciding which methods to apply in the first intervention, whether to perform imaging, and the preferred appropriate treatment for the patient (open surgery or endovascular intervention) plays a main role in the patient's survival without neurological deficit. The general management of trauma in penetrating neck injuries and the knowledge of special approaches to carotid artery injury are important for pediatric trauma centers...
May 8, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739000/the-impact-of-a-statewide-trauma-informed-child-welfare-initiative-on-children-s-permanency-and-maltreatment-outcomes
#19
Beth Barto, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Adam Von Ende, Ruth Bodian, Carmen Rosa Noroña, Jessica Griffin, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Kristine Kinniburgh, Joseph Spinazzola, Crystaltina Montagna, Marybeth Todd
This article presents findings of a state-wide trauma informed child-welfare initiative with the goal of improving well-being, permanency and maltreatment outcomes for traumatized children. The Massachuetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP), funded by the Administration of Children and Families, Children's Bureau was a multi-year project implementing trauma-informed care into child welfare service delivery. The project's implementation design included training and consultation for mental health providers in three evidence-based treatments and training of the child-welfare workforce in trauma-informed case work practice...
May 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738636/executive-function-as-a-risk-factor-for-incisor-trauma
#20
Jillian M Nyquist, Ceib Phillips, Margot Stein, Lorne D Koroluk
BACKGROUND/AIM: Executive function is the ability to guide behavior to achieve goals or complete tasks. This study explored the relationship between executive function, as assessed by the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function Parent Form Questionnaire (BRIEF® ) and incisor trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included children in the mixed dentition with recent incisor trauma (n=28) and a control group (n=30) without recent incisor trauma. Subjects' parents completed the BRIEF® , while a clinical examination assessed subjects' occlusal relationships...
May 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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