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Cholecystitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727634/is-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-feasible-for-acute-cholecystitis-a-consecutive-study-of-60-cases
#1
Noriaki Koizumi, Hiroki Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi Takagi, Kanehisa Fukumoto
The feasibility of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SIL-C) for patients with acute cholecystitis were evaluated based on the timing of operation after onset of symptoms. Sixty patients with acute cholecystitis who underwent SIL-C were divided into 2 groups according to the timing of operation: group E included 23 patients who underwent SIL-C within 72 hours, and group O included 37 patients who underwent SIL-C later. There were no statistical differences between group E and group O in clinicopathologic characteristics...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726607/acute-febrile-illness-and-complications-due-to-murine-typhus-texas-usa1-2
#2
Zeeshan Afzal, Sunand Kallumadanda, Feng Wang, Vagish Hemmige, Daniel Musher
Murine typhus occurs relatively commonly in southern Texas, as well as in California. We reviewed records of 90 adults and children in whom murine typhus was diagnosed during a 3-year period in 2 hospitals in southern Texas, USA. Most patients lacked notable comorbidities; all were immunocompetent. Initial signs and symptoms included fever (99%), malaise (82%), headache (77%), fatigue (70%), myalgias (68%), and rash (39%). Complications, often severe, in 28% of patients included bronchiolitis, pneumonia, meningitis, septic shock, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, myositis, and rhabdomyolysis; the last 3 are previously unreported in murine typhus...
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725332/thyrotoxic-valvulopathy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Keniel Pierre, Sushee Gadde, Bassam Omar, G Mustafa Awan, Christopher Malozzi
We report a 42-year-old female who was admitted for abdominal pain, and also endorsed dyspnea, fatigue and chronic palpitations. Past medical history included asthma, patent ductus arteriosus repaired in childhood and ill-defined thyroid disease. Physical examination revealed blood pressure of 136/88 mm Hg and heart rate of 149 beats per minute. Cardiovascular exam revealed an irregularly irregular rhythm, and pulmonary exam revealed mild expiratory wheezing. Abdomen was tender. Electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response which responded to intravenous diltiazem...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716660/differentiation-between-gallbladder-cancer-with-acute-cholecystitis-considerations-for-surgeons-during-emergency-cholecystectomy-a-cohort-study
#4
Sung Hoon Kim, Dawn Jung, Jhii-Hyun Ahn, Kyung Sik Kim
PURPOSE: Gallbladder cancer (GBCA) is an uncommon malignancy with vague and non-specific symptoms. GBCA is sometimes diagnosed after emergency cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. We investigated the differential diagnosis between GBCA with acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients were diagnosed with GBCA after emergency cholecystectomy carried out for acute cholecystitis. A radiologist who was blinded to the final diagnoses retrospectively reviewed the computed tomography (CT) scans of the patients with GBCA and 25 patients with acute cholecystitis...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709978/the-severity-grading-of-acute-cholecystitis-following-the-tokyo-guidelines-is-the-most-powerful-predictive-factor-for-conversion-from-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-cholecystectomy
#5
M Bouassida, M F Chtourou, H Charrada, S Zribi, L Hamzaoui, M M Mighri, H Touinsi
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the severity assessment of acute cholecystitis based on the Tokyo Guidelines and the risk for conversion from laparoscopic surgery to open surgery has been assessed in few previous reports, with conflicting results. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with acute cholecystitis within a single system from 2010 to 2013 was performed. The diagnosis and severity of acute cholecystitis were assigned by the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705846/a-novel-case-of-raoultella-planticola-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-abscess
#6
Rogin Subedi, Ryan Dean, William Li, Amit Dhamoon
A spinal epidural abscess is the collection of pus in the epidural space, and is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires early detection and prompt management. Almost two-thirds of cases are caused by Staphylococcus aureus, followed by Gram-negative bacilli which account for approximately 16% of cases. Raoultella planticola is an emerging pathogen, and is an extremely rare cause of invasive infection in humans. It has been reported to cause urinary tract infections, pneumonia, bacteraemia, cholangitis, cholecystitis, conjunctivitis and soft tissue infections...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705411/erratum-to-recurrence-of-gallstone-disease-following-non-surgical-treatment-of-acute-cholecystitis-in-the-elderly-population-medclin-barc-148-12-2017-569-572
#7
Ismael Mora-Guzmán, José Luis Muñoz de Nova, Elena Martín-Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704814/acalculous-cholecystitis-is-an-elective-interval-cholecystectomy-necessary
#8
Syed H Abbas, Mudassar A Ghazanfar, Alex N Gordon-Weeks, Srikanth R Reddy, Zahir Soonawalla, Michael A Silva
BACKGROUND: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) accounts for 5-10% of cases of acute cholecystitis. The advantage of interval cholecystectomy for patients with AAC is unclear. Therefore, a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AAC at our institution was performed over a 5-year period. METHODS: Patients were identified via hospital coding using the keywords "acalculous cholecystitis, cholecystostomy and gall bladder perforation." Follow-up data was obtained by performing a retrospective review of the patients' hospital records...
July 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702136/chronic-cholecystitis-in-the-pediatric-population-an-underappreciated-disease-process
#9
Brian P Blackwood, Julia Grabowski
AIM: We hypothesize that chronic cholecystitis accounts for the majority of inflammatory diseases in the pediatric population and it is difficult to predict with preoperative ultrasound. BACKGROUND: Despite the increase in gallbladder disease, there is a paucity of data on pediatric cholecystitis. Most pediatric studies focus on cholelithiasis and biliary dyskinesia rather than inflammatory gallbladder disease. METHODS: We performed a single center retrospective review of all patients who underwent cholecystectomy from 1/1/10 - 1/1/15...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697016/a-spontaneous-pneumoperitoneum-following-klebsiella-induced-chronic-granulomatous-cholecystitis-is-the-surgery-warranted
#10
Irada Ibrahim-Zada, Megan A Adams, Trevor Nydam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690940/simultaneous-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-excision-of-pre-pyloric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-and-cholecystectomy
#11
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Salman Assad, Furrukh Jabbar
Operating on more than a single procedure in a same surgical intervention saves time, anesthesia duration and can increase the overall quality of life by lowering the duration of hospital stay and minimizing patient anxiety. But such interventions require expertise, high surgical performance, and precision in anatomical manipulation. We present a case of an outstanding performance of a unique minimally invasive simultaneous approach of removing a pre-pyloric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) along with a cholecystectomy by a robot-assisted laparascopic surgical system...
June 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685382/safety-and-efficacy-of-transarterial-radioembolisation-in-patients-with-intermediate-or-advanced-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-refractory-to-chemoembolisation
#12
Elisabeth G Klompenhouwer, Raphaëla C Dresen, Chris Verslype, Annouschka Laenen, Gert De Hertogh, Christophe M Deroose, Lawrence Bonne, Vincent Vandevaveye, Geert Maleux
INTRODUCTION: Transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) is the most widely used locoregional treatment for patients with an unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Transarterial radioembolisation (TARE) with yttrium-90 containing microspheres is an emerging interventional treatment that could be complementary or an alternative to TACE. AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of TARE in patients with HCC who are refractory to TACE with drug-eluting beads (DEB-TACE)...
July 6, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685006/computed-tomography-ct-and-magnetic-resonance-mr-findings-in-xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-retrospective-analysis-of-pathologically-proven-30-cases-tertiary-care-experience
#13
Binit Sureka, Vaibhav Pratap Singh, S Rajesh Rajesh, Shalini Laroia, Kalpana Bansal, Archana Rastogi, Chhagan Bihari, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Nikhil Agrawal, Asit Arora
BACKGROUND: To study CT and MR findings in xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC). MATERIAL/METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 30 histopathologically confirmed cases of XGC. Seventeen patients underwent CECT and 13 underwent MRI. The following features were studied - wall thickness, intramural nodules, pericholecystic stranding, wall thickness, THAD, fat in gallbladder wall, cholelithiasis, infiltration, biliary dilatation, lymph nodes, complications. RESULTS: The majority of cases (22/30) showed discontinuous mucosal lining...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682919/successful-treatment-using-corticosteroid-combined-antibiotic-for-acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Wei Liu, Weijie Chen, Xiaodong He, Qiang Qu, Tao Hong, Binglu Li
There is no consensus of treatments for acute acalculous cholecystitis with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The study was aimed to investigate the effect of the corticosteroid for these patients.A series of patients who were diagnosed as acute acalculous cholecystitis with SLE in the period from January 2012 to December 2016 at our hospital were included. They accepted 2 different conservative treatment strategies initially: the treatment using moxifloxacin (the antibiotic group), and the treatment using corticosteroid combined moxifloxacin (the corticosteroid group)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682049/upper-gastrointestinal-conditions-gallbladder-conditions
#15
Ku-Lang Chang, David S Estores
Asymptomatic patients with gallstones typically do not require treatment. Surgical intervention is indicated in most symptomatic patients with gallstones. For patients with uncomplicated cholecystitis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed within 24 hours of admission is associated with significantly decreased morbidity, hospital length of stay, and cost. Most gallbladder polyps are found incidentally during ultrasonography. Patients with gallbladder polyps are at increased risk of malignant transformation if they are older than 50 years; the gallbladder wall is thickened; or the polyp is adenomatous, solitary, larger than 10 mm, sessile in appearance, or has a rapid increase in size...
July 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680361/influence-of-syrgical-trauma-on-nitric-oxide-and-nitrotyrosine-serum-levels-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-or-conventional-cholecystectomy
#16
Srdjan Mijatović, Tamara Alempijević, Branislava Stefanović, Vasilije Jeremić, Slobodan Krstić, Nikola Radmanović, Sanja Jovanović, Branislav Stefanović
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress represents tissue damage caused by reactive forms of oxygen and nitrogen due to the inability of antioxidant mechanisms to reduce reactive forms into more stable ones. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of surgical trauma on nitric oxide (NO) and nitrotyrosine (NT) values in patients undergoing conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A prospective study included sixty patients from the Department of Emergency Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia who were operated for gallstone related chronic cholecystitis...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679134/endoscopic-gallbladder-stenting-using-a-rendezvous-technique-for-cholecystitis-after-metal-stent-placement-in-a-patient-with-malignant-hilar-biliary-stricture
#17
Shigeru Horiguchi, Koichiro Tsutsumi, Hironari Kato, Hiroyuki Okada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677400/multiseptate-gallbladder-a-rare-ultrasonographic-finding
#18
Raúl Honrubia López, Joaquín Poza Cordón, Silvia Gómez Senent, Pedro Mora Sanz
Multiseptate gallbladder is a congenital abnormality categorized as a gallbladder shape variant with some 20 cases reported thus far in the literature. Clinical presentation may be highly variable, ranging from asymptomatic to chronic pain in the right upper quadrant, cholecystitis, and even pancreatitis. It may be associated with other bile duct abnormalities such as choledochal cyst, ectopic gallbladder or anomalous biliopancreatic junction.
July 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674772/detection-of-unexpected-emergency-diseases-using-fdg-pet-ct-in-oncology-patients
#19
Akira Toriihara, Emi Yamaga, Masashi Nakadate, Jun Oyama, Ukihide Tateishi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of emergency diseases that were detected unexpectedly using FDG-PET/CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interpretation reports for 11,663 FDG-PET/CT studies in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with major emergency diseases were extracted according to the following exclusion criteria: (1) relevant findings had been recognized prior to the PET/CT; (2) an intervention or operation that may have been relevant to the present findings was performed within 1 month prior to the PET/CT; and (3) the clinical course could not be investigated sufficiently (e...
July 3, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674353/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-caused-by-giardia-lamblia
#20
Hiromichi Araki, Shuya Shimizu, Katsumi Hayashi, Tomonori Yamada, Atsunori Kusakabe, Hiroshi Kanie, Yusuke Mizuno, Issei Kojima, Akitoshi Saitou, Kazuhiro Nagao, Yuka Suzuki, Tadashi Toyohara, Takanori Suzuki, Erika Uchida, Konomu Uno, Takahiro Nakazawa
We report a case of a 70-year-old man with acute acalculous cholecystitis caused by Giardia lamblia. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed distention of the gallbladder due to a pericholecystic abscess without gallstones. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and drip infusion cholecystocholangiography-CT demonstrated a stricture of the hilar bile duct and cystic duct obstruction. We conducted transpapillary bile duct brush cytology and a biopsy of the hilar bile duct stricture; numerous active trophozoites of Giardia lamblia were observed without malignant findings...
2017: Internal Medicine
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