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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641999/effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-medication-adherence-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Myriam Jihad Jaam, Ahmed Awaisu
BACKGROUND: The impact of collaborative and multidisciplinary health care on the outcomes of care in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is well-established in the literature. However, there is lack of high quality evidence on the role of pharmacist care in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of pharmacist care on patient outcomes (readmission, mortality, emergency visits, and medication adherence) in patients with ACS at or post-discharge...
June 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641282/health-related-genetic-direct-to-consumer-tests-in-the-german-setting-the-available-offer-and-the-potential-implications-for-a-solidarily-financed-health-care-system
#2
Marika Plöthner, Mike Klora, Daniel Rudolph, Johann-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: The global genetic direct-to-consumer (DTC) market will reach a volume of USD 230 billion in 2018. The expenditures for this genetic analysis are borne by the customer, whereas consequential costs may arise for a solidarily financed system. In a first step, it is essential to gain an overview of the currently available offer in the German setting. METHODS: In April 2016, we conducted a systematic internet search in the Google search engine. In November 2016, we updated the information of the webpages in terms of country, language, types of health-related tests, additional offer of non-health-related DTC test, information about sensitivity and specificity, certification and accreditation, costs as well as reference to German Act on Genetic Testing...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640685/understanding-and-improving-arterial-roads-to-support-public-health-and-transportation-goals
#3
Carolyn McAndrews, Keshia M Pollack, David Berrigan, Andrew L Dannenberg, Ed J Christopher
Arterials are types of roads designed to carry high volumes of motorized traffic. They are an integral part of transportation systems worldwide and exposure to them is ubiquitous, especially in urban areas. Arterials provide access to diverse commercial and cultural resources, which can positively influence community health by supporting social cohesion as well as economic and cultural opportunities. They can negatively influence health via safety issues, noise, air pollution, and lack of economic development...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635956/self-assembled-three-dimensional-network-designs-for-soft-electronics
#4
Kyung-In Jang, Kan Li, Ha Uk Chung, Sheng Xu, Han Na Jung, Yiyuan Yang, Jean Won Kwak, Han Hee Jung, Juwon Song, Ce Yang, Ao Wang, Zhuangjian Liu, Jong Yoon Lee, Bong Hoon Kim, Jae-Hwan Kim, Jungyup Lee, Yongjoon Yu, Bum Jun Kim, Hokyung Jang, Ki Jun Yu, Jeonghyun Kim, Jung Woo Lee, Jae-Woong Jeong, Young Min Song, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John A Rogers
Low modulus, compliant systems of sensors, circuits and radios designed to intimately interface with the soft tissues of the human body are of growing interest, due to their emerging applications in continuous, clinical-quality health monitors and advanced, bioelectronic therapeutics. Although recent research establishes various materials and mechanics concepts for such technologies, all existing approaches involve simple, two-dimensional (2D) layouts in the constituent micro-components and interconnects. Here we introduce concepts in three-dimensional (3D) architectures that bypass important engineering constraints and performance limitations set by traditional, 2D designs...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632751/owl2-benchmarking-for-the-evaluation-of-knowledge-based-systems
#5
Sher Afgun Khan, Muhammad Abdul Qadir, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Muhammad Tanvir Afzal
OWL2 semantics are becoming increasingly popular for the real domain applications like Gene engineering and health MIS. The present work identifies the research gap that negligible attention has been paid to the performance evaluation of Knowledge Base Systems (KBS) using OWL2 semantics. To fulfil this identified research gap, an OWL2 benchmark for the evaluation of KBS is proposed. The proposed benchmark addresses the foundational blocks of an ontology benchmark i.e. data schema, workload and performance metrics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622636/crispr-based-engineering-of-next-generation-lactic-acid-bacteria
#6
REVIEW
Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Sarah O'Flaherty, Rodolphe Barrangou
The advent of CRISPR-based technologies has opened new avenues for the development of next-generation food microorganisms and probiotics with enhanced functionalities. Building off two decades of functional genomics studies unraveling the genetic basis for food fermentations and host-probiotic interactions, CRISPR technologies offer a wide range of opportunities to engineer commercially-relevant Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria. Endogenous CRISPR-Cas systems can be repurposed to enhance gene expression or provide new features to improve host colonization and promote human health...
June 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609256/nano-metal-oxides-exposure-and-engineering-control-assessment
#7
Alberto Garcia, Adrienne Eastlake, Jennifer L Topmiller, Christopher Sparks, Kenneth Martinez, Charles L Geraci
In January 2007, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted a field study to evaluate process specific emissions during the production of ENMs. This study was performed using the nanoparticle emission assessment technique (NEAT). During this study, it was determined that ENMs were released during production and cleaning of the process reactor. Airborne concentrations of silver, nickel, and iron were found both in the employee's personal breathing zone and area samples during reactor cleaning...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604679/a-stabilized-microbial-ecosystem-of-self-limiting-bacteria-using-synthetic-quorum-regulated-lysis
#8
Spencer R Scott, M Omar Din, Philip Bittihn, Liyang Xiong, Lev S Tsimring, Jeff Hasty
Microbial ecologists are increasingly turning to small, synthesized ecosystems(1-5) as a reductionist tool to probe the complexity of native microbiomes(6,7). Concurrently, synthetic biologists have gone from single-cell gene circuits(8-11) to controlling whole populations using intercellular signalling(12-16). The intersection of these fields is giving rise to new approaches in waste recycling(17), industrial fermentation(18), bioremediation(19) and human health(16,20). These applications share a common challenge(7) well-known in classical ecology(21,22)-stability of an ecosystem cannot arise without mechanisms that prohibit the faster-growing species from eliminating the slower...
June 12, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602403/panacea-in-progress-crispr-and-the-future-of-its-biological-research-introduction
#9
REVIEW
Michael Carroll, Xiaohui Zhou
The elucidation of the CRISPR (clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats) adaptive immune system endogenous to most microbial life has culminated in progress in a diversity of scientific disciplines. The concurrently promising and eccentric nature of its theoretically plausible applications has wrought enthusiasm in the research community globally, potentiating advancements in human and animal health, ecological stability, and economic wellbeing, that would hitherto be considered the unattainable fancies of a futurist...
August 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596987/biodegradable-polyphosphazene-based-blends-for-regenerative-engineering
#10
Kenneth S Ogueri, Jorge L Escobar Ivirico, Lakshmi S Nair, Harry R Allcock, Cato T Laurencin
The occurrence of musculoskeletal tissue injury or disease and the subsequent functional impairment is at an alarming rate. It continues to be one of the most challenging problems in the human health care. Regenerative engineering offers a promising transdisciplinary strategy for tissues regeneration based on the convergence of tissue engineering, advanced materials science, stem cell science, developmental biology and clinical translation. Biomaterials are emerging as extracellular-mimicking matrices designed to provide instructive cues to control cell behavior and ultimately, be applied as therapies to regenerate damaged tissues...
March 2017: Regenerative Engineering and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589741/a-content-analysis-of-the-consumer-facing-online-information-about-my-health-record-implications-for-increasing-knowledge-and-awareness-to-facilitate-uptake-and-use
#11
Louisa Walsh, Sophie Hill, Meredith Allan, Susan Balandin, Andrew Georgiou, Isabel Higgins, Ben Kraal, Shaun McCarthy, Bronwyn Hemsley
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy, low levels of positive belief and privacy and security concerns have been identified as a significant barrier to personal electronic health record uptake and use. An important tool for overcoming these barriers is the consumer-facing information which accompanies the system. My Health Record (MyHR) is the Australian national e-health record system, for which a large suite of online resources exists to facilitate consumer registration and use. This study uses a number of different measures of health resource quality to assess the MyHR online consumer-facing information and identify any gaps or areas for improvement...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588998/significance-of-informal-on-the-job-learning-and-leadership-development-in-health-systems-lessons-from-a-district-finance-team-in-south-africa
#12
S Choonara, J Goudge, N Nxumalo, J Eyles
BACKGROUND: The district health system (DHS) has a critical role to play in the delivery of primary healthcare (PHC). Effective district management, particularly leadership is considered to be crucial element of the DHS. Internationally, the debate around developing leadership competencies such as motivation or empowerment of staff, managing relationships, being solution driven as well as fostering teamwork are argued to be possible through approaches such as formal and informal training...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587608/integrating-clinical-decision-support-systems-for-pharmacogenomic-testing-into-clinical-routine-a-scoping-review-of-designs-of-user-system-interactions-in-recent-system-development
#13
Marc Hinderer, Martin Boeker, Sebastian A Wagner, Martin Lablans, Stephanie Newe, Jan L Hülsemann, Michael Neumaier, Harald Binder, Harald Renz, Till Acker, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: Pharmacogenomic clinical decision support systems (CDSS) have the potential to help overcome some of the barriers for translating pharmacogenomic knowledge into clinical routine. Before developing a prototype it is crucial for developers to know which pharmacogenomic CDSS features and user-system interactions have yet been developed, implemented and tested in previous pharmacogenomic CDSS efforts and if they have been successfully applied. We address this issue by providing an overview of the designs of user-system interactions of recently developed pharmacogenomic CDSS...
June 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584229/circadian-tunable-perovskite-quantum-dot-based-down-converted-multi-package-white-led-with-a-color-fidelity-index-over-90
#14
Hee Chang Yoon, Ji Hye Oh, Soyoung Lee, Jae Byung Park, Young Rag Do
New metrics of the color and circadian performances of down-converted white light-emitting diodes (DC-WLEDs) are rapidly becoming popular in smart lighting systems. This is due to the increased desire for accurate analytical methods to measure the effects of newly developed quantum dot (QD)-based lighting on the vision, color, and circadian sensors of retina cells in the human eye. In this regard, a two-measure system known as technical memorandum TM-30-2015 (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America), encompassing the color fidelity index (CFI, R f ) and the color gamut index (CGI, R g ), has been developed as a new metrics of color to replace the currently utilized color rendering index (CRI, R a )...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580804/burden-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-an-era-of-decreasing-susceptibility
#15
Glenn S Tillotson, Stephen H Zinner
Antimicrobial resistance has become a global problem. Many pathogens are becoming multidrug-resistant with the attendant increased risk of failure of standard therapies and the under-recognised outcomes such as increased morbidity, mortality, length of hospitalization and costs of treatment. Areas covered: We undertook a review of the literature using standard search engines including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and internet sources. Key search terms included antimicrobial resistance, antibiotic resistance, bacterial resistance, clinical outcomes, economic consequences, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus...
June 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579057/insulin-initiation-status-of-primary-care-physicians-in-turkey-barriers-to-insulin-initiation-and-knowledge-levels-about-insulin-therapy-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#16
Elif Ates, Turan Set, Zuhal Saglam, Nil Tekin, Irep Karatas Eray, Erdinc Yavuz, Mustafa Kursat Sahin, Engin Burak Selcuk, Dursun Cadirci, Mahcube Cubukcu
AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate the insulin initiation status, barriers to insulin initiation and knowledge levels about treatment administered by primary care physicians (PCP). METHODS: We conducted our study in accordance with a multicenter, cross-sectional design in Turkey, between July 2015 and July 2016. A questionnaire inquiring demographic features, status of insulin initiation, obstacles to insulin initiation and knowledge about therapy of the PCPs was administered during face-to-face interviews...
May 31, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575988/an-evaluation-of-colloidal-and-crystalline-properties-of-caco3-nanoparticles-for-biological-applications
#17
V Lauth, M Maas, K Rezwan
Biodegradable calcium carbonate carriers are a promising and safe nanoparticle platform which might enable various applications as an engineered nanomaterial in health care, food and cosmetics. However, engineered nanoparticles can exhibit new forms of toxicity that must be carefully evaluated before being widely adopted in consumer products or novel drug delivery systems. To this end, we studied four common calcium carbonate particle systems (calcite nanoparticles, amorphous sub-micrometer and vaterite sub-micrometer and micrometer particles) and compared their behavior in biological medium and in cell culture experiments...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571070/preoperative-simulation-in-planning-rhinoplasty-evaluation-from-patients-and-surgeons-perspectives
#18
İbrahim Alper Aksakal, Musa Kemal Keles, Murat Sinan Engin, İlhami Oğuzhan Aydoğdu, İsmail Küçüker
Among aesthetic surgery procedures, rhinoplasty is one of the most common. Preoperative simulations have become increasingly commonplace through the recent years along with a controversy regarding their use. Although capable of building a solid rapport between the surgeon and the patient by visualizing the end result, it can also prove to be a liability for a surgeon who is not confident about delivering the result which has been put on screen. The objective of this study is to evaluate the outlook of the surgeons and patients on preoperative simulations...
June 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567280/solar-powered-oxygen-systems-in-remote-health-centers-in-papua-new-guinea-a-large-scale-implementation-effectiveness-trial
#19
Trevor Duke, Ilomo Hwaihwanje, Magdalynn Kaupa, Jonah Karubi, Doreen Panauwe, Martin Sa'avu, Francis Pulsan, Peter Prasad, Freddy Maru, Henry Tenambo, Ambrose Kwaramb, Eleanor Neal, Hamish Graham, Rasa Izadnegahdar
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the largest cause of child deaths in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and hypoxaemia is the major complication causing death in childhood pneumonia, and hypoxaemia is a major factor in deaths from many other common conditions, including bronchiolitis, asthma, sepsis, malaria, trauma, perinatal problems, and obstetric emergencies. A reliable source of oxygen therapy can reduce mortality from pneumonia by up to 35%. However, in low and middle income countries throughout the world, improved oxygen systems have not been implemented at large scale in remote, difficult to access health care settings, and oxygen is often unavailable at smaller rural hospitals or district health centers which serve as the first point of referral for childhood illnesses...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561786/distributed-piezoelectric-sensor-system-for-damage-identification-in-structures-subjected-to-temperature-changes
#20
Jaime Vitola, Francesc Pozo, Diego A Tibaduiza, Maribel Anaya
Structural health monitoring (SHM) is a very important area in a wide spectrum of fields and engineering applications. With an SHM system, it is possible to reduce the number of non-necessary inspection tasks, the associated risk and the maintenance cost in a wide range of structures during their lifetime. One of the problems in the detection and classification of damage are the constant changes in the operational and environmental conditions. Small changes of these conditions can be considered by the SHM system as damage even though the structure is healthy...
May 31, 2017: Sensors
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