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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#1
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#2
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605924/marijuana-smoking-among-school-aged-adolescents-in-the-br%C3%A4-ko-district-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Anto Domić, Husref Tahirović, Mojca Čižek Sajko, Borislav Đulabić
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of marijuana smoking among school-aged adolescents in the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with particular regard to their gender, age and residence, and the frequency of marijuana smoking in the past thirty days in relation to their peers in the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Serbia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research, designed as a cross-sectional study and based on the ESPAD (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) questionnaire, adjusted to this research, encompassed 4,188 adolescents from elementary and secondary schools...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594593/critical-issues-in-als-case-control-studies-the-case-of-the-euro-motor-study
#4
Fabrizio D'Ovidio, James P K Rooney, Anne E Visser, Roel C H Vermeulen, Jan H Veldink, Leonard H Van Den Berg, Orla Hardiman, Giancarlo Logroscino, Adriano Chiò, Ettore Beghi
Backround: Political and sociocultural differences between countries can affect the outcome of clinical and epidemiological studies in ALS. Cross-national studies represent the ideal process by which risk factors can be assessed using the same methodology in different geographical areas. METHODS: A survey of three European countries (The Netherlands, Ireland and Italy) has been conducted in which incident ALS patients and matched controls were recruited in a population-based study based on age, gender and area of residency, under the Euro-MOTOR systems biology programme of research...
February 10, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570993/landscape-care-of-urban-vacant-properties-and-implications-for-health-and-safety-lessons-from-photovoice
#5
Natalie Sampson, Joan Nassauer, Amy Schulz, Kathleen Hurd, Cynthia Dorman, Khalil Ligon
Care of vacant properties in urban environments is of particular interest to planners and residents alike. We report on a photovoice project completed by community leaders, researchers, and residents in two Detroit neighborhoods experiencing longtime systemic disinvestment. Participants photographed and discussed examples of care in a series of three focus groups in each neighborhood. Analyses highlight how acts of landscape care and visible cues to care contribute to changes in physical and social environments, and explore various links to health...
May 29, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559225/home-based-hiv-testing-and-counseling-for-male-couples-project-nexus-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rob Stephenson, Ryan Freeland, Stephen P Sullivan, Erin Riley, Brent A Johnson, Jason Mitchell, Deborah McFarland, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence remains high among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States, yet the majority of research has focused on MSM as individuals, not as dyads, and has discussed HIV risks primarily in the context of casual sex. Nexus is an online prevention program that combines home-based HIV testing and couples HIV testing and counseling (CHTC). It allows partners in dyadic MSM relationships to receive HIV testing and care in the comfort of their designated residence, via video-based chat...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554068/the-supportive-hospice-and-aged-residential-exchange-share-programme-in-new-zealand
#7
Rosemary Frey, Michal Boyd, Jackie Robinson, Sue Foster, Merryn Gott
Research indicates that staff in aged residential care may be unprepared for their role in palliative care provision. In collaboration with a local hospice, the project piloted an innovative problem-based experiential learning intervention Supportive Hospice and Aged Residential Exchange (SHARE) to enhance aged residential care staff palliative care skills. The aim was to explore the impact of SHARE for staff. SHARE was implemented in two aged residential care facilities in one urban centre for six months. Measurement of the impact of the intervention consisted of 1) pre-test-post-test questionnaires (n = 27) to assess changes in staff confidence in palliative care delivery 2) Eleven post-intervention interviews to describe staff perceptions of SHARE...
May 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540771/identifying-therapeutic-targets-for-alzheimer-s-disease-with-big-data
#8
Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner
Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner is a Professor of Neuroscience and Neurology at the Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA. A neurogeneticist and board-certified behavioral neurologist, she received her medical degree from Hacettepe University Medical School in Ankara, Turkey and her doctorate degree in Molecular Neuroscience from Mayo Graduate School. She completed her residency training in the Department of Neurology at Mayo Clinic in Rochester (MN, USA) and fellowship in Behavioral Neurology at Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville...
April 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#9
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#10
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#11
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525923/a-national-implementation-project-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-nursing-home-residents
#12
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Jennifer Meddings, Sarah L Krein, Sara E McNamara, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Nimalie D Stone, Lillian Min, Steven J Schweon, Andrew J Rolle, Russell N Olmsted, Dale R Burwen, James Battles, Barbara Edson, Sanjay Saint
Importance: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in nursing home residents is a common cause of sepsis, hospital admission, and antimicrobial use leading to colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms. Objective: To develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention to reduce catheter-associated UTI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large-scale prospective implementation project was conducted in community-based nursing homes participating in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care...
May 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#13
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495109/health-and-health-care-in-israel-an-introduction
#14
REVIEW
A Mark Clarfield, Orly Manor, Gabi Bin Nun, Shifra Shvarts, Zaher S Azzam, Arnon Afek, Fuad Basis, Avi Israeli
Starting well before Independence in 1948, and over the ensuing six decades, Israel has built a robust, relatively efficient public system of health care, resulting in good health statistics throughout the life course. Because of the initiative of people living under the British Mandate for Palestine (1922-48), the development of many of today's health services predated the state's establishment by several decades. An extensive array of high-quality services and technologies is available to all residents, largely free at point of service, via the promulgation of the 1994 National Health Insurance Law...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489619/pediatric-resident-academic-projects-while-on-global-health-electives-ten-years-of-experience-at-the-university-of-minnesota
#15
Michael B Pitt, Tina M Slusher, Cynthia R Howard, Valerie B Cole, Sophia P Gladding
PURPOSE: Many residency programs require residents to complete an academic project as part of a global health (GH) elective. However, there has been little description of the range of projects residents have pursued during GH electives or the extent to which these projects are consistent with proposed best practices. METHOD: The authors conducted a document review of 67 written summaries or copies of presentations of academic projects (hereafter, summaries) completed by pediatric and medicine-pediatric residents at the University of Minnesota while on GH electives from 2005 to 2015...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477297/engaging-rural-communities-in-genetic-research-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Caress Dean, Amanda J Fogleman, Whitney E Zahnd, Alexander E Lipka, Ripan Singh Malhi, Kristin R Delfino, Wiley D Jenkins
Statistical analyses of health and disease in rural communities is frequently limited by low sample counts. Still, some studies indicate increased risk for some diseases even after adjustment for known risk factors. It has been hypothesized that the context of community formation in rural areas facilitates the propagation of genetic founder effects-potentially impacting disease susceptibility. However, outright examination of genetic diversity in such communities has not been performed. Our objective was to engage otherwise research-inexperienced rural communities of largely European descent in genomic research in the context of cancer susceptibility...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459024/perceptions-about-training-during-endocrinology-residency-programs-in-india-over-the-years-a-cross-sectional-study-peer-india-study
#17
Deepak Khandelwal, Deep Dutta, Rajiv Singla, Vineet Surana, Sameer Aggarwal, Yashdeep Gupta, Sanjay Kalra, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon
BACKGROUND: Residents' perception on quality of endocrinology training in India is not known. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions about endocrinology residency programs in India among current trainees as compared to practicing endocrinologists. METHODS: Trainees attending a preconference workshop at the annual conference of Endocrine Society of India (ESI) were given a questionnaire designed to evaluate their perceptions on their training. These evaluated the reasons for choosing endocrinology, their experiences during residency, and career plans...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457346/a-multi-institution-analysis-of-general-surgery-resident-peer-reviewed-publication-trends
#18
Joseph D Forrester, Parswa Ansari, Chandrakanth Are, Edward Auyang, Joseph M Galante, Benjamin T Jarman, Brian R Smith, Anthony C Watkins, Marc L Melcher
BACKGROUND: The process of taking a research project from conception to publication is one way to encourage surgeons to communicate hypothesis, critically assess literature and data, and defend research conclusions to a broad audience. The goal of this study was to define surgery resident publishing epidemiology and identify characteristics of residents and residency programs that might predict increased publication productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was administered to eight general surgery residency programs to collect residency and resident variables from 1993-2013...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442493/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-canadian-md-phd-program-graduates-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Michael A Skinnider, Jordan W Squair, David D W Twa, Jennifer X Ji, Alexandra Kuzyk, Xin Wang, Patrick E Steadman, Kirill Zaslavsky, Ayan K Dey, Mark J Eisenberg, Ève-Reine Gagné, Kent T HayGlass, James F Lewis, Peter J Margetts, D Alan Underhill, Norman D Rosenblum, Lynn A Raymond
BACKGROUND: Combined MD/PhD programs provide a structured path for physician-scientist training, but assessment of their success within Canada is limited by a lack of quantitative data. We collected outcomes data for graduates of Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: We developed and implemented a Web-based survey consisting of 41 questions designed to collect outcomes data for Canadian MD/PhD program alumni from 8 Canadian universities who had graduated before September 2015...
April 25, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441509/patient-safety-and-quality-improvement-in-otolaryngology-education-a-systematic-review
#20
John D Gettelfinger, P Barrett Paulk, Cecelia E Schmalbach
Objective The breadth and depth of patient safety/quality improvement (PS/QI) research dedicated to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) education remains unknown. This systematic review aims to define this scope and to identify knowledge gaps as well as potential areas of future study to improved PS/QI education and training in OHNS. Data Sources A computerized Ovid/Medline database search was conducted (January 1, 1965, to May 15, 2015). Similar computerized searches were conducted using Cochrane Database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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