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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727548/mr-ntd-manifold-regularization-nonnegative-tucker-decomposition-for-tensor-data-dimension-reduction-and-representation
#1
Xutao Li, Michael K Ng, Gao Cong, Yunming Ye, Qingyao Wu
With the advancement of data acquisition techniques, tensor (multidimensional data) objects are increasingly accumulated and generated, for example, multichannel electroencephalographies, multiview images, and videos. In these applications, the tensor objects are usually nonnegative, since the physical signals are recorded. As the dimensionality of tensor objects is often very high, a dimension reduction technique becomes an important research topic of tensor data. From the perspective of geometry, high-dimensional objects often reside in a low-dimensional submanifold of the ambient space...
August 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720231/overcoming-diabetes-related-stigma-in-iran-a-participatory-action-research
#2
Mehri Doosti-Irani, Samereh Abdoli, Soroor Parvizy, Naimeh Seyed Fatemi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to overcome diabetes-related stigma in individuals living with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) in Iran. The study proposed that if individuals with T1DM and the community work together to develop and implement an anti-stigma program, diabetes-related stigma in individuals with T1DM can be reduced. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: This study was conducted as a participatory action research study based on Kemmis and McTaggert's (2000) Model to design and implement an anti-stigma program for T1DM...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716677/incidence-of-active-tuberculosis-in-individuals-with-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-rural-china-follow-up-results-of-a-population-based-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Lei Gao, Xiangwei Li, Jianmin Liu, Xinhua Wang, Wei Lu, Liqiong Bai, Henan Xin, Haoran Zhang, Hengjing Li, Zongde Zhang, Yu Ma, Mufei Li, Boxuan Feng, Jiang Du, Hongtao Sui, Rong Zhao, Haoxiang Su, Shouguo Pan, Ling Guan, Fei Shen, Jian He, Shumin Yang, Hongyan Si, Xu Cheng, Zuhui Xu, Yunhong Tan, Tianzhu Chen, Weiguo Xu, Hong Peng, Zhijian Wang, Tao Zhu, Xiaoyou Chen, Xinhua Zhou, Xueling Guan, Qi Jin
BACKGROUND: The management of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a new priority action for the WHO End Tuberculosis (TB) Strategy. However, national guidelines on latent tuberculosis infection testing and treatment have not yet been developed in China. Here, we present the results from the 2-year follow-up of a study that aimed to track the development of active disease in individuals with latent tuberculosis infection, identify priority populations for latent infection management, and explore the most suitable latent infection diagnostic approach...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714742/application-of-the-european-quality-indicators-for-psychosocial-dementia-care-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-pilot-study
#4
Yun-Hee Jeon, Wai Tong Chien, Ju-Young Ha, Rahimah Ibrahim, Belinda Kirley, Lay Ling Tan, Papan Thaipisuttikul, Emmelyne Vasse, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Huali Wang, Jong-Chul Youn, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: An Asia-Pacific regional collaboration group conducted its first multi-country research project to determine whether or not European quality indicators (QIs) for psychosocial care in dementia could be implemented as a valid tool in residential aged care across seven Asia-Pacific sites (Australia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Mainland China, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand). METHOD: Following the European QI protocol, auditing and data extraction of medical records of consenting residents with dementia were conducted by trained auditors with relevant health care backgrounds...
July 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713803/the-institute-for-global-orthopedics-and-traumatology-a-model-for-academic-collaboration-in-orthopedic-surgery
#5
Devin James Conway, Richard Coughlin, Amber Caldwell, David Shearer
In 2006, surgeons at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established the Institute for Global Orthopedics and Traumatology (IGOT), an initiative within the department of orthopedic surgery. The principal aim of IGOT is to create long-term, sustainable solutions to the growing burden of musculoskeletal injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) through academic partnership. IGOT currently has relationships with teaching hospitals in Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Nicaragua, and Nepal. The organizational structure of IGOT is built on four pillars: Global Surgical Education (GSE), Global Knowledge Exchange (GKE), Global Research Initiative (GRI), and Global Leadership and Advocacy...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711896/computer-tomographic-characteristics-of-root-length-incisors-and-canines-of-the-upper-and-lower-jaws-in-boys-and-girls-with-different-craniotypes-and-physiological-bite
#6
Аlla V Маrchenko, Іgor V Gunas, Tetyana O Petrushanko, Oksana А Serebrennikova, Yulia Yu Trofimenko
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, in world literature appeared research, which focuses on the study of relationships craniotypes with odonto-metric indicators, size, shape of the dental arches and occlusion. However, most of the experts focus on the study of individual features of the structure of the teeth-jaw system in people with different types of faces and aspects of sexual dimorphism and ethnic characteristics. Studies containing information about cranio-typological variability of the roots of teeth we did not encounter...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690694/impact-of-co-investigators-on-pharmacy-resident-research-publication
#7
Paul M Stranges, Scott M Vouri
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences of co-investigators on the successful publication of a pharmacy residency project. METHODS: We analyzed published and non-published research presented at a regional pharmacy conference. Abstracts were matched 1:1 based on state and abstract year. We assessed university affiliation, number, degree, and H-Index of co-investigators on the abstract. Descriptive and inferential analyses were used to identify variables associated with resident publication...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688315/the-effect-of-health-on-urban-settlement-intention-of-rural-urban-migrants-in-china
#8
Shenghua Xie, Jinxian Wang, Juan Chen, Veli-Matti Ritakallio
Previous studies have not paid enough attention to the effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants in China. Using survey data from the Rural Urban Migration in China project, this article examines how self-rated physical and mental health influence rural-urban migrants' intention to settle down in cities. First, the results show that both self-rated physical and mental health are significant factors influencing the migrants' intention to permanently move to cities. Second, the effect of physical health on rural-urban migrants' intentions to permanently reside in cities can be moderated by their length of urban residence...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688072/-a%C3%A2-qualitative-exploration-of-the-chronic-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-nursing-homes
#9
Lukas Leten, Majda Azermai, Maarten Wauters, Jan De Lepeleire
BACKGROUND: Although guidelines put forward non-pharmacological therapies and advise against the chronic use of psychotropic drugs, these are still being prescribed regularly in Belgian nursing homes. GOAL: To explore the reasons for initiation, continuation and cessation of psychotropic drug treatment of elderly with dementia and behavioral problems, residing in the nursing home. METHOD: Twenty-seven interviews from an earlier project were used, in which a semi-structured interview was conducted with the nursing staff, the physicians and the caretakers of eleven randomly selected residents from three nursing homes...
July 7, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687081/potential-mediators-between-fibromyalgia-and-c-reactive-protein-results-from-a-large-u-s-community-survey
#10
Termeh Feinberg, Usha Sambamoorthi, Christa Lilly, Kim Karen Innes
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia, a potentially debilitating chronic pain syndrome of unknown etiology, may be characterized by inflammation. In this study, we investigated the relation of FMS to serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in a large population of adults (18+) and investigated the influence of other factors on this relationship, including BMI, comorbidities, as well as mood and sleep disturbance. METHODS: Participants were 52,535 Ohio Valley residents (Fibromyalgia n = 1125)...
July 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680175/outcome-after-discontinuation-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-at-a-residential-care-site-quality-improvement-project
#11
Candy Lee, Anita Lo, Kiran Ubhi, Michael Milewski
BACKGROUND: Increased prescribing of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in the past few decades can be attributed mainly to long-term use of this type of therapy. Recent evidence indicates signals of harm associated with long-term use of PPIs, such as increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection, recurrence of C. difficile infection, and fracture. A few studies have assessed the effectiveness of step-down management of patients receiving long-term PPI therapy in ambulatory care settings...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678096/the-graduate-medical-education-scholars-track-developing-residents-as-clinician-educators-during-clinical-training-via-a-longitudinal-multimodal-and-multidisciplinary-track
#12
James Ahn, Shannon K Martin, Jeanne M Farnan, H Barrett Fromme
PROBLEM: Residency clinician-educator tracks have been created; however, they have generally been limited to a single discipline or program and experienced some challenges. The Graduate Medical Education Scholars Track (GMEST), an embedded longitudinal, multimodal, multidisciplinary clinician-educator track for residents, was piloted at the Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, in academic year 2014-2015. APPROACH: The GMEST is a two-year experience completed during residency training...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673335/developing-a-framework-for-a-novel-multi-disciplinary-multi-agency-intervention-s-to-improve-medication-management-in-community-dwelling-older-people-on-complex-medication-regimens-memorable-a-realist-synthesis
#13
Ian Maidment, Andrew Booth, Judy Mullan, Jane McKeown, Sylvia Bailey, Geoffrey Wong
BACKGROUND: Medication-related adverse events have been estimated to be responsible for 5700 deaths and cost the UK £750 million annually. This burden falls disproportionately on older people. Outcomes from interventions to optimise medication management are caused by multiple context-sensitive mechanisms. The MEdication Management in Older people: REalist Approaches BAsed on Literature and Evaluation (MEMORABLE) project uses realist synthesis to understand how, why, for whom and in what context interventions, to improve medication management in older people on complex medication regimes residing in the community, work...
July 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666814/national-incidence-of-traumatic-fractures-in-china-a-retrospective-survey-of-512%C3%A2-187-individuals
#14
Wei Chen, Hongzhi Lv, Song Liu, Bo Liu, Yanbin Zhu, Xiao Chen, Guang Yang, Lei Liu, Tao Zhang, Haili Wang, Bing Yin, Jialiang Guo, Xiaolin Zhang, Yichong Li, Derek Smith, Pan Hu, Jiayuan Sun, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic fractures place a substantial burden on health-care systems worldwide. Although detailed information about incidence, distribution, and risk factors for traumatic fractures is vital for planning and prevention, in China, national data are unavailable. We aimed to do an up-to-date national survey on the population-weighted incidence of traumatic fractures in China. METHODS: The China National Fracture Study (CNFS) was a retrospective epidemiological study that recruited a nationally representative sample from eight provinces, 24 urban cities, and 24 rural counties in China using stratified random sampling and the probability proportional to size method...
June 27, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662706/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-chronic-bronchitis-in-first-nations-people
#15
Punam Pahwa, Chandima P Karunanayake, Donna C Rennie, Joshua A Lawson, Vivian R Ramsden, Kathleen McMullin, P Jenny Gardipy, Judy MacDonald, Sylvia Abonyi, Jo-Ann Episkenew, James A Dosman
BACKGROUND: Inadequate housing, low family income, household smoking, personal smoking status, and poor schooling are some of the conditions that have been significantly associated with the prevalence and incidence of chronic bronchitis. The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence of chronic bronchitis (CB) and associated risk factors among First Nations people. METHODS: An interviewer-administered survey was conducted as part of the First Nations Lung Health Project in 2012 and 2013 with 874 individuals from 406 households in two First Nations communities located in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637744/group-clinics-for-young-adults-with-diabetes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-socioeconomically-deprived-setting-together-study-protocol-for-a-realist-review-co-design-and-mixed-methods-participatory-evaluation-of-a-new-care-model
#16
Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Dougal Hargreaves, Grainne Colligan, Ann Hagell, Anita Patel, Desirée Campbell-Richards, Russell M Viner, Shanti Vijayaraghavan, Martin Marshall, Trisha Greenhalgh, Sarah Finer
INTRODUCTION: Young adults with diabetes often report dissatisfaction with care and have poor diabetes-related health outcomes. As diabetes prevalence continues to rise, group-based care could provide a sustainable alternative to traditional one-to-one consultations, by engaging young people through life stage-, context- and culturally-sensitive approaches. In this study, we will co-design and evaluate a group-based care model for young adults with diabetes and complex health and social needs in socioeconomically deprived areas...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#17
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#18
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605924/marijuana-smoking-among-school-aged-adolescents-in-the-br%C3%A4-ko-district-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Anto Domić, Husref Tahirović, Mojca Čižek Sajko, Borislav Đulabić
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of marijuana smoking among school-aged adolescents in the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with particular regard to their gender, age and residence, and the frequency of marijuana smoking in the past thirty days in relation to their peers in the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Serbia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research, designed as a cross-sectional study and based on the ESPAD (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs) questionnaire, adjusted to this research, encompassed 4,188 adolescents from elementary and secondary schools...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594593/critical-issues-in-als-case-control-studies-the-case-of-the-euro-motor-study
#20
Fabrizio D'Ovidio, James P K Rooney, Anne E Visser, Roel C H Vermeulen, Jan H Veldink, Leonard H Van Den Berg, Orla Hardiman, Giancarlo Logroscino, Adriano Chiò, Ettore Beghi
Backround: Political and sociocultural differences between countries can affect the outcome of clinical and epidemiological studies in ALS. Cross-national studies represent the ideal process by which risk factors can be assessed using the same methodology in different geographical areas. METHODS: A survey of three European countries (The Netherlands, Ireland and Italy) has been conducted in which incident ALS patients and matched controls were recruited in a population-based study based on age, gender and area of residency, under the Euro-MOTOR systems biology programme of research...
February 10, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
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