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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927386/patients-perception-regarding-the-influence-of-individual-and-social-vulnerabilities-on-the-adherence-to-tuberculosis-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#1
Rosiane Davina da Silva, Fernanda Darliane Tavares de Luna, Aguinaldo José de Araújo, Edwirde Luiz Silva Camêlo, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Paula Hino, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Sayonara Maria Lia Fook, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains an important disease which mainly affects the majority of vulnerable individuals in society, who are subjected to poor living conditions and difficulties to access the services of public health. Under these circumstances, the present study aims to understand patients' perception in relation to the influence of individual and social vulnerabilities on the adherence to tuberculosis treatment. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in one large municipality at the state of Paraíba, Northeast of Brazil...
September 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923810/an-innovative-community-based-model-for-improving-preventive-care-in-rural-counties
#2
Zsolt J Nagykaldi, Dewey Scheid, Daniel Zhao, Bhawani Mishra, Tracy Greever-Rice
OBJECTIVE: This quasi-experimental pilot study aimed to implement and evaluate a sustainable, rural community-based patient outreach model for preventive care provided through primary care practices (PCPs) located in a rural county in Oklahoma. A Wellness Coordinator (WC) working with PCPs, the county health department, the county hospital, and a health information exchange (HIE) organization helped county residents receive evidence-based preventive services. METHODS: The WC used a community wellness registry connected to electronic medical records via HIE and called patients at the county level based on PCP-prioritized and tailored protocols...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910358/e-inclusion-beyond-individual-socio-demographic-characteristics
#3
Patrícia Silva, Alice Delerue Matos, Roberto Martinez-Pecino
The changing demographic structure of the population, resulting in unparalleled growth of the elderly population, means that e-inclusion of this population group is considered to be a social and political priority in the context of the Information Society. Most research studies have only considered individual variables -such as age, gender, education, income and health- in the explanatory models of e-inclusion of senior citizens, while ignoring macro variables, such as the welfare systems and public policies in each country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905472/design-paper-japan-endoscopy-database-jed-a-prospective-big-database-project-related-to-gastroenterological-endoscopy-in-japan
#4
K Matsuda, K Tanaka, M Fujishiro, Y Saito, K Ohtsuka, I Oda, C Katada, M Kato, M Kida, K Kobayashi, S Hoteya, T Horimatsu, S Kodashima, T Matsuda, M Muto, H Yamamoto, S Ryozawa, R Iwakiri, H Kutsumi, H Miyata, M Kato, K Haruma, K Fujimoto, N Uemura, M Kaminishi, H Tajiri
The advent of electrical medical records brought image filing systems to many hospitals, as well as electrical endoscopic medical records. However, data integration among multiple different venders has not yet been accomplished. We start the Japan Endoscopic Database (JED) Project endorsed by Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES) from January 2015. The purposes of this project are as follows: 1) developing the world's largest endoscopic database generated from daily use of the reporting system 2) capturing the actual performance of endoscopic practice in Japan; and 3) standardizing the terminology and fundamental items for the registry of clinical studies...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893159/ethics-and-quality-care-in-nursing-homes-relatives-experiences
#5
Rita Jakobsen, Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: A total of 71,000 people in Norway suffer from some form of dementia in 2013, of whom approximately 30,000 are in nursing homes. Several studies focus on the experiences of those who have close relatives and who are staying in a nursing home. Results show that a greater focus on cooperation between nursing staff and relatives is a central prerequisite for an increased level of care. Benefits of developing systematic collaboration practices include relief for nursing staff, less stress, and greater mutual understanding...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871278/community-mobilization-for-slum-upgrading-through-sanitation-in-roma-informal-settlements-in-the-paris-region
#6
Ipsita Nita Chaudhuri
BACKGROUND: Community-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe's most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering from illiteracy, inadequate housing, and lack of water and sanitation...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866989/the-mismatch-between-observational-measures-and-residents-perspectives-on-the-retail-food-environment-a-mixed-methods-approach-in-the-heart-healthy-hoods-study
#7
Julia Díez, Roberto Valiente, Carmen Ramos, Reyes García, Joel Gittelsohn, Manuel Franco
OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of the retail food environment by investigating similarities and differences between objective measures and residents' perspectives. DESIGN: The study incorporated Geographic Information System (GIS)-based measures, in-store surveys and the results from a larger photovoice project. We combined these data using a convergent parallel mixed-methods approach. SETTING: We conducted this study in a low-income neighbourhood in Madrid (Spain) in 2016...
September 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866067/fostering-student-interest-in-neurological-surgery-the-university-of-pittsburgh-experience
#8
Ahmed Kashkoush, Rafey Feroze, Stephanie Myal, Arpan V Prabhu, Alexandra Sansosti, Daniel Tonetti, Nitin Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Early involvement and research in neurosurgery can increase chances for medical students to successfully matriculate into residency. This study reports the creation of a Neurological Surgery Interest Group (NSIG) at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and shares its activities over two academic years. METHODS: In October 2014, the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's NSIG was created to augment medical student interest in neurosurgery...
August 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854108/citizen-science-as-a-tool-for-mosquito-control
#9
Rebecca C Jordan, Amanda E Sorensen, Shannon Ladeau
In this paper, we share our findings from a 2-year citizen science program called Mosquito Stoppers. This pest-oriented citizen science project is part of a larger coupled natural-human systems project seeking to understand the fundamental drivers of mosquito population density and spatial variability in potential exposure to mosquito-borne pathogens in a matrix of human construction, urban renewal, and individual behaviors. Focusing on residents in West Baltimore, participants were recruited through neighborhood workshops and festivals...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846129/do-safety-culture-scores-in-nursing-homes-depend-on-job-role-and-ownership-results-from-a-national-survey
#10
Jane Banaszak-Holl, Heidi Reichert, M Todd Greene, Lona Mody, Heidi L Wald, Christopher Crnich, Sara E McNamara, Jennifer Meddings
OBJECTIVES: To identify facility- and individual-level predictors of nursing home safety culture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of individuals within facilities. SETTING: Nursing homes participating in the national Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care: Healthcare-Associated Infections/Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections Project. PARTICIPANTS: Responding nursing home staff (N = 14,177) from 170 (81%) of 210 participating facilities...
August 28, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817789/teach-our-children-stroke-education-for-indigenous-children-first-nations-ontario-canada-2009-2012
#11
Mary Ellen Hill, Pauline Bodnar, Robert Fenton, Brenda Mason, Grace Bandoh
BACKGROUND: Because of the heightened risk for stroke among indigenous people, we conducted this multiyear community case study from 2009 through 2012 to address stroke education needs among children aged 11 to 13 years residing in northern urban, rural, and remote First Nations in Ontario, Canada. The goal was to determine what young people understand about stroke and to develop an age-appropriate and culturally appropriate educational product. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: This project responded to First Nations requests that we educate their young people about the signs and symptoms of stroke and the need for early response...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806940/evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-the-street-environment-and-promote-walking-for-transport-in-deprived-neighbourhoods
#12
Emma J Adams, Nick Cavill, Lauren B Sherar
BACKGROUND: Levels of physical activity remain low, particularly in deprived areas. Improving the street environment to promote walking for transport using a community engagement approach is a potential strategy to increase physical activity. An understanding of the implementation of this intervention approach is needed to facilitate further research, replication and scale-up. The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Fitter for Walking (FFW) intervention in deprived neighbourhoods...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794501/population-based-biobank-participants-preferences-for-receiving-genetic-test-results
#13
Kayono Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Akimune Fukushima, Naoki Nakaya, Akira Okayama, Kozo Tanno, Fumie Aizawa, Tomoharu Tokutomi, Atsushi Hozawa, Atsushi Shimizu
There are ongoing debates on issues relating to returning individual research results (IRRs) and incidental findings (IFs) generated by genetic research in population-based biobanks. To understand how to appropriately return genetic results from biobank studies, we surveyed preferences for returning IRRs and IFs among participants of the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM). We mailed a questionnaire to individuals enrolled in the TMM cohort study (Group 1; n=1031) and a group of Tohoku region residents (Group 2; n=2314)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790044/access-3-project-protocol-young-people-and-health-system-navigation-in-the-digital-age-a-multifaceted-mixed-methods-study
#14
Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Lena Sanci, Katharine Steinbeck, Stephen Jan, Catherine Hawke, Marlene Kong, Tim Usherwood
BACKGROUND: The integration of digital technology into everyday lives of young people has become widespread. It is not known whether and how technology influences barriers and facilitators to healthcare, and whether and how young people navigate between face-to-face and virtual healthcare. To provide new knowledge essential to policy and practice, we designed a study that would explore health system access and navigation in the digital age. The study objectives are to: (1) describe experiences of young people accessing and navigating the health system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to healthcare for young people and how these vary between groups; (3) describe health system inefficiencies, particularly for young people who are marginalised; (4) provide policy-relevant knowledge translation of the research data...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763934/community-response-to-construction-noise-in-three-central-cities-of-zhejiang-province-china
#15
Yong Liu, Bo Xia, Caiyun Cui, Martin Skitmore
As a common source of environmental noise in China and many developing countries worldwide, construction work provokes many complaints and deterioration in acoustic climate quality. This paper describes research to obtain an improved understanding of people's community response to, and evaluation of, construction noise in three central cities of Zhejiang province, China. This involved carrying out a social survey using standard questionnaires developed by the International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise (ICBEN)...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753084/development-and-implementation-of-a-school-wide-institute-for-excellence-in-education-to-enable-educational-scholarship-by-medical-school-faculty
#16
Joseph Cofrancesco, Michael A Barone, Janet R Serwint, Mitchell Goldstein, Michael Westman, Pamela A Lipsett
PROBLEM: Educational scholarship is an important component for faculty at Academic Medical Centers, especially those with single-track promotion systems. Yet, faculty may lack the skills and mentorship needed to successfully complete projects. In addition, many educators feel undervalued. INTERVENTION: To reinvigorate our school's educational mission, the Institute for Excellence in Education (IEE) was created. Here we focus on one of the IEE's strategic goals, that of inspiring and supporting educational research, scholarship, and innovation...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746485/an-interview-with-steven-j-lindauer
#17
Steven J Lindauer
There are so many compliments to Dr. Steven Lindauer that is hard for one to figure where to start from… Well, travelling backwards in time, all the way to the year 2000, I went to Virginia to study English at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), in Richmond, Virginia, USA. During my daily walks to the English school, I used to pass by the School of Dentistry, where the Department of Orthodontics was. That was the place where my very first "contact" with the VCU happened. In 2015, 15 years later, I had the pleasure to go back to the VCU and spend two days with Dr...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741362/gastroenterology-evolution-of-specialty-choice-in-recent-years
#18
José Curbelo, José-María Galván-Román, Fernando Sánchez-Lasheras, Jose María Romeo, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Tomás Villacampa, Jaime Baladrón
INTRODUCTION: Gastroenterology is one of the medical specialties offered to residency training candidates each year. This project analyzes the data associated with the choice of a Gastroenterology residency program in recent years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data related to specialty selection were obtained from official reports with regard to the allocation of residency places by the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality. Information was collected from various teaching centers via their training guides, the Spanish National Catalogue of Hospitals and the National Transplant Organization...
September 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732490/positive-ageing-perceptions-among-migrant-turkish-and-native-dutch-older-people-a-matter-of-culture-or-resources
#19
Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: This study examined ethnic differences in ageing perceptions of migrant Turkish and native Dutch elders residing in Rotterdam, and explored whether such differences could be attributed to culture or resources (personal, physical, economic and/or social). METHODS: This study was based on combined data from two research projects focusing on the health and well-being of community-dwelling elderly people in Rotterdam. The first dataset contained data from 994 native Dutch elders aged 70-99 years...
July 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727548/mr-ntd-manifold-regularization-nonnegative-tucker-decomposition-for-tensor-data-dimension-reduction-and-representation
#20
Xutao Li, Michael K Ng, Gao Cong, Yunming Ye, Qingyao Wu
With the advancement of data acquisition techniques, tensor (multidimensional data) objects are increasingly accumulated and generated, for example, multichannel electroencephalographies, multiview images, and videos. In these applications, the tensor objects are usually nonnegative, since the physical signals are recorded. As the dimensionality of tensor objects is often very high, a dimension reduction technique becomes an important research topic of tensor data. From the perspective of geometry, high-dimensional objects often reside in a low-dimensional submanifold of the ambient space...
August 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
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