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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770802/assessing-social-quality-of-sheltered-independent-housing-challenges-of-scale-and-group-mix
#1
T G M Spierings, P M Ache
Forecasts for many cities and regions in Europe predict a growing share of 'elderly' people in the overall population. In addition to this general ageing process, the number of very old people is of specific importance for the issue under discussion. This article looks at sheltered independent housing and living. In particular, the article presents the results of a quantitative and qualitative multidisciplinary study of those facilities in the Netherlands. The research provides insight into the effect of physical scale and group mix on the social quality of sheltered independent housing...
2018: Journal of housing and the built environment: HBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764635/ten-year-experience-with-student-pharmacist-research-within-a-health-system-and-education-center
#2
Elizabeth Landrum Michalets, Charlene Williams, Irene Park
INTRODUCTION: Skills gained from research experience allow student pharmacists to evolve as practitioners, innovators and perpetual learners in an increasingly complex healthcare environment. Data published regarding pharmacy resident research are focused on external dissemination rates and research programs. Little is published regarding student research. METHODS: This descriptive study was a five-year before and after comparison between the existing co-curricular model and a new longitudinal, 12-month research advanced pharmacy practice experience (L-APPE) model for student pharmacist research...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764174/healthy-end-of-life-project-help-a-progress-report-on-implementing-community-guidance-on-public-health-palliative-care-initiatives-in-australia
#3
Andrea Grindrod, Bruce Rumbold
BACKGROUND: Contemporary end of life care policies propose increasing community capacity by developing sustainable skills, policies, structures, and resources to support members of a community in caring for each other at the end of life. Public health approaches to palliative care provide strategies to bring this about. Practical implementation can however be ineffective, principally due to failures to grasp the systemic nature of public health interventions, or to ensure that programs are managed and owned by community members, not the professionals who may have introduced them...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760031/creating-a-centralized-infrastructure-to-facilitate-medical-education-research
#4
Dean A Seehusen, Arch G Mainous, Alexander W Chessman
PURPOSE: Building research capacity and increasing scholarly productivity are identified needs of the specialty of family medicine. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has increased the scholarly requirements for residency programs, placing even more pressure on faculty to be productive in the scholarly realm. The Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) was created by volunteer members of the specialty with shared interests in overcoming barriers and increasing scholarly production...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736813/participatory-budgeting-could-it-diminish-health-disparities-in-the-united-states
#5
EDITORIAL
Carolin Hagelskamp, David Schleifer, Chloe Rinehart, Rebecca Silliman
Participatory budgeting (PB)-a democratic process where ordinary residents decide directly how to spend part of a public budget-has gained impressive momentum in US municipalities, spreading from one pilot project in Chicago's 49th ward in 2009 to 50 active PB processes across 14 cities in 2016-2017. Over 93,600 US residents voted in a PB process in 2015-2016, deciding over a total of about $49.5 million and funding 264 projects intended to improve their communities. The vast majority of US PB processes take place in large urban centers (e...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731481/-association-between-mild-physical-injury-and-psychological-distress-shichigahama-health-promotion-project
#6
Akira Narita, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Mana Kogure, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
Objective Although a number of previous studies have investigated the association between natural disaster-related physical injury and mental health, very few have focused on mild physical injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between natural disaster-related mild physical injury and psychological distress in a cross-sectional study.Method This study is a part of the Shichigahama Health Promotion Project, which was conducted in cooperation with the Tohoku University and Shichigahama Town, Miyagi Prefecture, after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE)...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725993/residents-experiences-with-mentorship-in-academic-medicine
#7
Hermioni Lokko Amonoo, Esteban A Barreto, Theodore A Stern, Karen Donelan
OBJECTIVE: Although mentorship is essential for the professional development of physicians, the literature on trainees' mentorship experiences and perceptions of effective mentoring is more limited. This descriptive study examines residents' experiences of mentoring and their perceptions about the impact of mentorship on professional development, comparing experiences in mentoring that is assigned versus self-initiated. METHODS: A web-based self-administered cross-sectional survey of all senior residents (≥PGY-3) at a major urban academic medical center was conducted from March 27 to May 31, 2015...
May 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716742/climate-velocity-can-inform-conservation-in-a-warming-world
#8
REVIEW
Isaac Brito-Morales, Jorge García Molinos, David S Schoeman, Michael T Burrows, Elvira S Poloczanska, Christopher J Brown, Simon Ferrier, Tom D Harwood, Carissa J Klein, Eve McDonald-Madden, Pippa J Moore, John M Pandolfi, James E M Watson, Amelia S Wenger, Anthony J Richardson
Climate change is shifting the ranges of species. Simple predictive metrics of range shifts such as climate velocity, that do not require extensive knowledge or data on individual species, could help to guide conservation. We review research on climate velocity, describing the theory underpinning the concept and its assumptions. We highlight how climate velocity has already been applied in conservation-related research, including climate residence time, climate refugia, endemism, historic and projected range shifts, exposure to climate change, and climate connectivity...
April 28, 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706796/measuring-extended-families-over-time-in-informal-settlements-in-nairobi-kenya-retention-and-data-consistency-in-a-two-round-survey
#9
Sangeetha Madhavan, Donatien Beguy, Shelley Clark, Caroline Kabiru
BACKGROUND: Researchers have increasingly turned to longitudinal data to understand how the family environment of children changes over time and how this change affects their well-being. While the value of such efforts is clear, the inherent challenges of collecting robust data over time may limit or bias our understanding of family complexity. OBJECTIVE: Drawing on data from an exploratory study on kinship structure and support for low income single mothers and their young children in Nairobi, Kenya, this paper aims to (1) assess the strengths and weaknesses of our approach in reflecting the complexities of kinship dynamics and (2) analyze how methodological issues such as selection and reporting inconsistency can influence our understanding of the role of kin in children's lives...
January 2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703237/optimizing-a-community-engaged-multi-level-group-intervention-to-reduce-substance-use-an-application-of-the-multiphase-optimization-strategy
#10
Liliane Cambraia Windsor, Ellen Benoit, Douglas Smith, Rogério M Pinto, Kari C Kugler
BACKGROUND: Rates of alcohol and illicit drug use (AIDU) are consistently similar across racial groups (Windsor and Negi, J Addict Dis 28:258-68, 2009; Keyes et al. Soc Sci Med 124:132-41, 2015). Yet AIDU has significantly higher consequences for residents in distressed communities with concentrations of African Americans (DCAA - i.e., localities with high rates of poverty and crime) who also have considerably less access to effective treatment of substance use disorders (SUD). This project is optimizing Community Wise, an innovative multi-level behavioral-health intervention created in partnership with service providers and residents of distressed communities with histories of SUD and incarceration, to reduce health inequalities related to AIDU...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703192/acceptability-of-a-herd-immunity-focused-transmission-blocking-malaria-vaccine-in-malaria-endemic-communities-in-the-peruvian-amazon-an-exploratory-study
#11
Sara E White, Steven A Harvey, Graciela Meza, Alejandro Llanos, Mitchel Guzman, Dionicia Gamboa, Joseph M Vinetz
BACKGROUND: A transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV) to prevent malaria-infected humans from infecting mosquitoes has been increasingly considered as a tool for malaria control and elimination. This study tested the hypothesis that a malaria TBV would be acceptable among residents of a malaria-hypoendemic region. METHODS: The study was carried out in six Spanish-speaking rural villages in the Department of Loreto in the Peruvian Amazon. These villages comprise a cohort of 430 households associated with the Peru-Brazil International Centre for Excellence in Malaria Research...
April 27, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699547/managers-experience-of-success-criteria-and-barriers-to-implementing-mobile-radiography-services-in-nursing-homes-in-norway-a-qualitative-study
#12
Elin Kjelle, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Hilde Merete Olerud, Aud Mette Myklebust
BACKGROUND: In order to meet the future challenges posed by ageing populations, new technology, telemedicine and a more personalized healthcare system are needed. Earlier research has shown mobile radiography services to be highly beneficial for nursing home residents in addition to being cost-effective. Despite the benefits, mobile radiography services are uncommon in Europe and Norway. The purpose of this study was to explore success criteria and barriers in the process of implementing mobile radiography services, from the point of view of the hospital and municipal managers...
April 25, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694284/publicly-funded-oral-chronic-hepatitis-b-treatment-patterns-in-ontario-over-16-years-an-ecologic-study
#13
Mina Tadrous, Mayur Brahmania, Diana Martins, Sandra Knowles, Harry L A Janssen, Muhammad M Mamdani, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
BACKGROUND: Reimbursement for the use of hepatitis B virus (HBV) treatments has not been previously reported for public payers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the number of users and total cost of HBV treatments over the last 16 years among residents of Ontario, Canada, who were covered by the public drug program. METHODS: We conducted a repeated cross-sectional study for HBV treatments reimbursed by the public drug program in Ontario from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2015...
May 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682784/promoting-oral-health-care-among-people-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-perceptions-of-care-staff
#14
Amy R Villarosa, Sally Clark, Ariana C Villarosa, Tiffany Patterson Norrie, Susan Macdonald, Jennifer Anlezark, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to look at the practices and perspectives of residential aged care facility (RACF) care staff regarding the provision of oral health care in RACFs. BACKGROUND: Emphasis has been placed on the provision of adequate oral health care in RACFs through the Better Oral Health in Residential Aged Care programme. Endorsed by the Australian government, this programme provided oral health education and training for aged care staff. However, recent evidence suggests that nearly five years after the implementation of this programme, the provision of oral care in RACFs in NSW remains inadequate...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667566/us-emergency-medical-services-fellows
#15
Brian Clemency, Christian Martin-Gill, Nicole Rall, Dipesh Patel, Jeffery Myers
IntroductionThe 2015-2016 academic year was the fourth year since the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME; Chicago, Illinois USA) accredited Emergency Medical Services (EMS) fellowships, and the first year an in-training examination was given. Soon, ACGME-accredited fellowship education will be the sole path to EMS board certification when the practice pathway closes after 2019. This project aimed to describe the current class of EMS fellows at ACGME-accredited programs and their current educational opportunities to better understand current and future needs in EMS fellowship education...
April 18, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658296/medical-and-health-surveillance-in-postaccident-recovery-experience-after-fukushima
#16
K Tanigawa
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred following the huge tsunami and earthquake of 11 March 2011. After the accident, there was considerable uncertainty and concern about the health effects of radiation. In this difficult situation, emergency responses, including large-scale evacuation, were implemented. The Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was initiated 3 months after the accident. The primary purposes of FHMS were to monitor the long-term health of residents, promote their well-being, and monitor any health effects related to long-term, low-dose radiation exposure...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657905/knowledge-of-postgraduate-medical-trainees-regarding-epidemiology
#17
Shoaib Shafi, Tayyaba Faisal, Sajida Naseem, Sajida Javed, Haider Ghazanfar
Introduction An understanding of epidemiology is fundamental for designing research and understanding evidence-based medicine (EBM). The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge of epidemiology among postgraduate medical trainees. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study from January 2017 to June 2017 at the Regional Centre Islamabad, College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. About 204 postgraduate medical trainee were enrolled in the study after taking written consent. All of the participants were working as a postgraduate medical trainee in different hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651262/the-impact-of-the-parental-support-on-risk-factors-in-the-process-of-gender-affirmation-of-transgender-and-gender-diverse-people
#18
Bruna L Seibel, Bruno de Brito Silva, Anna M V Fontanari, Ramiro F Catelan, Ana M Bercht, Juliana L Stucky, Diogo A DeSousa, Elder Cerqueira-Santos, Henrique C Nardi, Silvia H Koller, Angelo B Costa
Research involving transgender and gender diverse people (TGD) increased in the last years, mostly concerning healthcare associated to this population. Few studies dedicated their analysis to the impact of parental support on transgender people, even though this is an important aspect in creating a safe environment on which these individuals can build their identity. In addition, the link between family support, TGD identity and homelessness is not completely established. Thus, due to the specificities of the family context of TGD individuals, the aim of this study is to investigate the association between family support and TGD in different moments of the process of gender affirmation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648645/does-human-endometrial-lgr5-gene-expression-suggest-the-existence-of-another-hormonally-regulated-epithelial-stem-cell-niche
#19
N Tempest, A M Baker, N A Wright, D K Hapangama
STUDY QUESTION: Is human endometrial leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) gene expression limited to the postulated epithelial stem cell niche, stratum basalis glands, and is it hormonally regulated? SUMMARY ANSWER: LGR5 expressing cells are not limited to the postulated stem cell niche but LGR5 expression is hormonally regulated. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The human endometrium is a highly regenerative tissue; however, endometrial epithelial stem cell markers are yet to be confirmed...
April 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642460/turning-the-co-production-corner-methodological-reflections-from-an-action-research-project-to-promote-lgbt-inclusion-in-care-homes-for-older-people
#20
Paul Willis, Kathryn Almack, Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Paul Simpson, Barbara Billings, Naresh Mall
Background : Older lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) residents are often invisible in long-term care settings. This article presents findings from a community-based action research project, which attempted to address this invisibility through co-produced research with LGBT community members. Particular Question: What conditions enable co-produced research to emerge in long-term residential care settings for older people? Aims of Project: To analyse outcomes and challenges of action-oriented, co-produced research in the given context...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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