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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351650/are-evidence-based-community-engaged-energy-balance-interventions-enough-for-extremely-vulnerable-populations
#1
Nancy E Schoenberg, Yelena N Tarasenko, Claire Snell-Rood
Well-documented associations between lifestyle behaviors and disease outcomes necessitate evidence-based health promotion interventions. To enhance potential efficacy and effectiveness, interventionists increasingly respond to community priorities, employ comprehensive theoretical frameworks, invest heavily to ensure cultural fit, implement evidence-based programming, and deploy research gold standards. We describe a project that followed all of these recommended strategies, but did not achieve desired outcomes...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345187/the-formation-of-a-medical-student-research-committee-and-its-impact-on-involvement-in-departmental-research
#2
Stuart Schexnayder, Hunter Starring, Matt Fury, Arthur Mora, Claudia Leonardi, Vinod Dasa
Over the past ten years, medical students have increased their research activity to be competitive for orthopaedic residency positions throughout the country. This increase may favor students at institutions with a strong history of research production and well-established research departments with supporting staff. To compete with these institutions, a Musculoskeletal Research Committee was developed at a southern academic institution to provide a mutually beneficial link between orthopaedic research faculty and medical students...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342495/improving-perinatology-residents-skills-in-breaking-bad-news-a-randomized-intervention-study
#3
Maria Silvia Vellutini Setubal, Maria Ângela Reis Goes Monteiro Antonio, Eliana Martorano Amaral, John Boulet
OBJECTIVE:  Breaking bad news (BBN) is particularly difficult in perinatology. Previous research has shown that BBN skills can be learned and improved when taught and practiced. This project evaluated whether a structured training session would enhance perinatology residents' skills in BBN. METHODS:  This was a randomized controlled intervention study with year 1 to 4 Perinatology residents from a medical school in Brazil, during the 2014/15 school year. A total of 61 out of 100 (61%) eligible residents volunteered to a structured training program involving communicating a perinatal loss to a simulated patient (SP) portraying the mother followed by the SP's immediate feedback, both video recorded...
January 17, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336341/-academic-opportunities-for-urology-residents-in-spain
#4
Maria J Ribal, Mireia Musquera
The development of an academic career gives a new dimension to the chosen specialty. It consists in combining clinical activity with teaching and research activity. In the area of surgical specialties there is currently a lack of academic positions which is necessary to overcome to maintain the quality standards. Residency and the immediate posterior period it is a good time to star our academic career. This side of our specialty demands an additional effort, great motivation, clear and determined objectives and especially dedication...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336326/-current-status-of-urological-education-in-spain
#5
Juan Gómez Rivas, Ramiro Cabello-Benavente, Gonzalo Bueno-Serrano, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
INTRODUCTION: Urology is a medicalsurgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical conditions of the urinary tract and retroperitoneum in both sexes and of the male genital tract without age limit. The traditional method of training is based on the imitation of the skills and behaviors of the tutors, creating variability in the training between different centers and giving a passive role to resident internal physicians (MIR). LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK: The 2006 BOE establishes the specific formative content in its theoretical, practical and scientific facets...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334939/choosing-a-career-in-oncology-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#6
J C Faivre, J E Bibault, A Bellesoeur, J Salleron, M Wack, J Biau, M Cervellera, G Janoray, T Leroy, N Lescut, V Martin, S Molina, B Pichon, C Teyssier, S Thureau, J J Mazeron, H Roché, S Culine
BACKGROUND: Little information is currently available concerning young medical students desire to pursue a career in oncology, or their career expectations. METHODS: This project is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to all young oncologists studying in France between the 2nd of October 2013 and the 23rd of February 2014. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 75.6%. A total of 505 young oncologists completed the questionnaire...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329793/drug-use-family-support-and-related-factors-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-unihcos-project-data
#7
Jorge Arias-De la Torre, Tania Fernández-Villa, Antonio José Molina, Carmen Amezcua-Prieto, Ramona Mateos, José María Cancela, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, Rocío Ortíz-Moncada, Juan Alguacil, Ana Almaraz, Inés Gómez-Acebo, María Morales Suárez-Varela, Gemma Blázquez-Abellán, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías, Luis Félix Valero, Carlos Ayán, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3767) was conducted. The prevalence and age of onset of consumption of cannabis, non-prescription sedatives, stimulants and depressants was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313125/update-regarding-the-society-of-american-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgeons-sages-grant-distribution-and-impact-on-recipient-s-academic-career
#8
Christopher DuCoin, Rebecca P Petersen, David Urbach, Rajesh Aggarwal, Atul K Madan, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Small seed grants strongly impact academic careers, result in future funding, and lead to increased involvement in surgical societies. We hypothesize that, in accordance with the SAGES Research and Career Development committee mission, there has been a shift in grant support from senior faculty to residents and junior faculty. We hypothesize that these junior physician-researchers are subsequently remaining involved with SAGES and advancing within their academic institutions...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304796/referral-gynecological-ambulatory-clinic-principal-diagnosis-and-distribution-in-health-services
#9
Adna Thaysa Marcial da Silva, Camila Lohmann Menezes, Edige Felipe de Sousa Santos, Paulo Francisco Ramos Margarido, José Maria Soares, Edmund Chada Baracat, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso
BACKGROUND: The association between gynecological diagnoses and their distribution in the health sectors provides benefits in the field of women's health promotion and in medical and interdisciplinary education, along with rationalization according to level of care complexity. Thus, the objective is analyze the clinical-demographic characteristics, main diagnoses in gynecological ambulatory care, and their distribution in health services. METHOD: This is a research project of retrospective audit study design with a chart review of data from 428 women treated at University Ambulatory Clinic of Women's Health, the facility in gynecology and training for Family and Community Medical Residents, São Paulo, Brazil, from 2012 to 2014...
January 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303257/unbiased-molecular-dynamics-of-11-min-timescale-drug-unbinding-reveals-transition-state-stabilizing-interactions
#10
Samuel D Lotz, Alex Dickson
Ligand (un)binding kinetics is being recognized as a determinant of drug specificity and efficacy in an increasing number of systems. However, the calculation of kinetics and the simulation of drug unbinding is more difficult than computing thermodynamic quantities, such as binding free energies. Here we present the first full simulations of an unbinding process at pharmacologically relevant time scales (11 min), without the use of biasing forces, detailed prior knowledge, or specialized processors using the weighted ensemble based algorithm, WExplore...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288929/association-between-human-exposure-to-heavy-metals-metalloid-and-occurrences-of-respiratory-diseases-lipid-peroxidation-and-dna-damage-in-kumasi-ghana
#11
Nesta Bortey-Sam, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Osei Akoto, Shouta M M Nakayama, Kwadwo A Asante, Elvis Baidoo, Christian Obirikorang, Hazuki Mizukawa, Mayumi Ishizuka
Heavy metals and metalloids contamination in soils, water, food and livers of wild rats have been studied in Kumasi, Ghana and despite the estimated risks to residents, there is no epidemiological study to ascertain these projections. In addition, the World Health Organization and International Agency for Research on Cancer have reported an increase in respiratory diseases and cancers, in Ghana. The study's purpose was therefore to explore the potential associations between metal exposure and occurrences of respiratory diseases, lipid peroxidation and/or DNA damage to different age groups and sexes in Kumasi...
December 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279256/the-popularity-of-neurology-in-spain-an-analysis-of-specialty-selection
#12
J Curbelo, J M Romeo, J M Galván-Román, J Vega-Villar, E H Martinez-Lapiscina, P Jiménez-Fonseca, T Villacampa, F Sánchez-Lasheras, A Fernández-Somoano, J Baladrón
INTRODUCTION: Neurology is one of the medical specialties offered each year to residency training candidates. This project analyses the data associated with candidates choosing neurology residency programmes in recent years. METHODS: Data related to specialty selection were obtained from official reports by the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services, and Equality. Information was collected on several characteristics of teaching centres: availability of stroke units, endovascular intervention, national reference clinics for neurology, specific on-call shifts for neurology residents, and links with medical schools or national research networks...
December 23, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278449/process-evaluation-improves-delivery-of-a-nutrition-sensitive-agriculture-programme-in-burkina-faso
#13
Jennifer N Nielsen, Deanna K Olney, Marcellin Ouedraogo, Abdoulaye Pedehombga, Hippolyte Rouamba, Fanny Yago-Wienne
Evidence is emerging from rigorous evaluations about the effectiveness of nutrition-sensitive agriculture programmes in improving nutritional outcomes. Additional evidence can elucidate how different programme components and pathways contribute and can be optimized for impact. The International Food Policy Research Institute, with Helen Keller International, designed a comprehensive framework to evaluate the delivery, utilization, and impact of Helen Keller International's enhanced homestead food production programme in Burkina Faso...
December 26, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275347/two-epoch-cross-sectional-case-record-review-protocol-comparing-quality-of-care-of-hospital-emergency-admissions-at-weekends-versus-weekdays
#14
Julian Bion, Cassie P Aldridge, Alan Girling, Gavin Rudge, Chris Beet, Tim Evans, R Mark Temple, Chris Roseveare, Mike Clancy, Amunpreet Boyal, Carolyn Tarrant, Elizabeth Sutton, Jianxia Sun, Peter Rees, Russell Mannion, Yen-Fu Chen, Samuel Ian Watson, Richard Lilford
INTRODUCTION: The mortality associated with weekend admission to hospital (the 'weekend effect') has for many years been attributed to deficiencies in quality of hospital care, often assumed to be due to suboptimal senior medical staffing at weekends. This protocol describes a case note review to determine whether there are differences in care quality for emergency admissions (EAs) to hospital at weekends compared with weekdays, and whether the difference has reduced over time as health policies have changed to promote 7-day services...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235073/-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-before-during-and-after-playing-with-a%C3%A2-magic-table
#15
Leonie Bruil, Marian J M Adriaansen, Judith W M Groothuis, Ercolie R Bossema
The 'Active Cues Magic Table' is a new game concept within nursing home care. It consists of light animations projected on a dining table and responding to movements of the players. The aim of this exploratory, quasi-experimental study was to examine the quality of life of nursing home residents with moderately severe or severe dementia before, during and after playing with this magic table. Quality of life was assessed with the Qualidem and the DS-DAT. Of the 34 nursing home residents included, 62% were female and mean age was 86...
December 12, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233407/the-importance-of-clinical-research-skills-according-to-pharmd-students-first-year-residents-and-residency-directors
#16
Heather D Anderson, Joseph J Saseen
PURPOSE: Research has a prominent role within the field of pharmacy practice. However, no studies have assessed the importance of research methods in pharmacy education from the perspective of students, residents, or residency directors. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered online in spring 2014 to four respondent groups: University of Colorado fourth year PharmD (P4) students, post graduate year 1 (PGY1) residents, and PGY1 and post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) residency directors...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233383/implementation-of-a-pharmacy-research-committee-to-enhance-the-pharmacy-resident-research-experience
#17
Milena M McLaughlin, Elizabeth Short, Rachael Prusi, Dalila Masic, Noelle Rm Chapman, Michael Postelnick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residents complete at least one research project as part of their graduation requirements. The research skills learned prepare residents to address research questions and generate evidence-based recommendations for patient care. However, there are multiple steps involved in a research project, and streamlining this process can be difficult. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH), a large academic center located in Chicago, IL, developed a research committee (RC) to facilitate research within the department of pharmacy for residents and to maintain residency research support materials...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#18
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226227/online-platform-as-a-tool-to-support-postgraduate-training-in-general-practice-a-case-report
#19
Lorena Dini, Claire Galanski, Susanne Döpfmer, Sabine Gehrke-Beck, Gudrun Bayer, Martin Boeckle, Isabel Micheel, Jasminko Novak, Christoph Heintze
Objective: Physicians in postgraduate training (PPT) in General Practice (GP) typically have very little interaction with their peers, as there is usually only one resident physician working in their respective department or GP office at a given time. Therefore, the online platform KOLEGEA, presented here, aims to support postgraduate training in general practice (PT in GP) in Germany through virtual interaction. Methodology: In 2012, the interdisciplinary research project KOLEGEA set up an online platform that any physicians in PT in GP can use for free after registration with their unitary continuous education number (Einheitliche Fortbildungsnummer, EFN)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219906/targeted-interventions-to-advance-a-culture-of-inquiry-at-a-large-multicampus-hospital-among-nurses
#20
Eileen J Carter, Reynaldo R Rivera, Kelly A Gallagher, Kenrick D Cato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assist nurse leaders in developing innovative structures to foster a culture of inquiry among professional nurses. BACKGROUND: Critical to nurse's engagement in evidence-based practice (EBP) is a culture of inquiry, in which nurses critically evaluate patient care activities and actively review existing evidence to address identified clinical issues. A bundle of structural interventions was implemented across a large, multisite hospital to advance a culture of inquiry...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
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