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Multisource feedback

Sathya Naidoo, Safiatu Lopes, Fiona Patterson, Helen M Mead, Sheona MacLeod
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessments (WPBAs) are widely used in postgraduate training programmes internationally. WPBAs can function as both an assessment and an educational tool. Although some WPBAs are a mandatory requirement of approved curricula (as in the UK), little previous research has explored the extent to which such assessments are associated with adverse outcomes in postgraduate training. The present study examines whether the assessment element of Multisource Feedback, Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire and Educational Supervisors Review ratings can indicate if a trainee is likely to experience difficulty in successfully completing their planned training programme (i...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
Ruth White, Chris Hayes, Scott White, Fiona J Hodson
There is a substantial clinical variation in the contemporary treatment of chronic noncancer pain reflecting different explanatory models and treatment emphasis. Hunter Integrated Pain Service and collaborators developed three key messaging videos outlining the foundations of chronic pain treatment, thus challenging unwarranted clinical variation and calling for greater therapeutic consistency. The videos were released on YouTube as a low-cost public health intervention. Each video used an evidenced informed script appropriate for low literacy and a cartoonist to provide matching images...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Ricardo Riveros, Stephen Kimatian, Pilar Castro, Vipul Dhumak, Hooman Honar, Edward J Mascha, Daniel I Sessler
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess professionalism in anesthesiology residents, it is important to obtain evaluations from people with whom they interact on daily basis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a Multisource feedback (MSF) on resident's professional behavior and to assess the effect of faculty feedback on resident performance. DESIGN: This study was a two-group randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Residents were recruited from Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Aileen Barrett, Rose Galvin, Yvonne Steinert, Albert Scherpbier, Ann O'Shaughnessy, Mary Horgan, Tanya Horsley
INTRODUCTION: The extent to which workplace-based assessment (WBA) can be used as a facilitator of change among trainee doctors has not been established; this is particularly important in the case of underperforming trainees. The aim of this review is to examine the use of WBA in identifying and remediating performance among this cohort. METHODS: Following publication of a review protocol a comprehensive search of eight databases took place to identify relevant articles published prior to November 2015...
September 14, 2016: Medical Teacher
Balakrishnan Kichu R Nair, Joyce Mw Moonen-van Loon, Mulavana S Parvathy, Cees Pm van der Vleuten
OBJECTIVE: The fitness to practise of international medical graduates (IMGs) is usually evaluated with standardised assessment tests. Practising doctors should, however, be assessed on their performance rather than their competency, for which reason workplace-based assessment (WBA) has gained increasing attention. Our aim was to assess the composite reliability of WBA instruments for assessing the performance of IMGs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Between June 2010 and April 2015, 142 IMGs were assessed by 99 calibrated assessors; each cohort was assessed at their workplace over 6 months...
September 5, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Kyoung Yong Kim, Leanne Atwater, Pankaj C Patel, James W Smither
We investigated the relationship between organizations' use of multisource feedback (MSF) programs and their financial performance. We proposed a moderated mediation framework in which the employees' ability and knowledge sharing mediate the relationship between MSF and organizational performance and the purpose for which MSF is used moderates the relationship of MSF with employees' ability and knowledge sharing. With a sample of 253 organizations representing 8,879 employees from 2005 to 2007 in South Korea, we found that MSF had a positive effect on organizational financial performance via employees' ability and knowledge sharing...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Susan J Lieff, Ari Zaretsky, Glen Bandiera, Kevin Imrie, Salvatore Spadafora, Susan Glover Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Few new Residency Program Directors (PD) are formally trained for the demands and responsibilities of the leadership aspect of their role. Currently, there are no comprehensive frameworks that describe specific leadership competencies that can inform PD self-reflection or faculty development. METHODS: The authors developed a Postgraduate Program Director Competency Inventory (PPDCI) in order to frame the performance of PDs for a multisource feedback (MSF) program...
April 6, 2016: Medical Teacher
Alan Schwartz, Melissa J Margolis, Sara Multerer, Hilary M Haftel, Daniel J Schumacher
BACKGROUND: The Pediatrics Milestones Assessment Pilot employed a new multisource feedback (MSF) instrument to assess nine Pediatrics Milestones among interns and subinterns in the inpatient context. OBJECTIVE: To report validity evidence for the MSF tool for informing milestone classification decisions. METHODS: We obtained MSF instruments by different raters per learner per rotation. We present evidence for validity based on the unified validity framework...
October 2016: Medical Teacher
Christine Wright, John Campbell, Luke McGowan, Martin J Roberts, Di Jelley, Arunangsu Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: GPs collect multisource feedback (MSF) about their professional practice and discuss it at appraisal. Appraisers use such information to identify concerns about a doctor's performance, and to guide the doctor's professional development plan (PDP). AIM: To investigate whether GP appraisers detect variation in doctors' MSF results, and the degree of consensus in appraisers' interpretations of this information. DESIGN AND SETTING: Online study of GP appraisers in north-east England...
April 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Briseida Mema, Yoon Soo Park, Afrothite Kotsakis
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide validity and feasibility evidence for the use of an objective structured clinical examination in the assessment of pediatric critical care medicine trainees. DESIGN: This was a validation study. Validity evidence was based on Messick's framework. SETTING: A tertiary, university-affiliated academic center. SUBJECTS: Seventeen pediatric critical care medicine fellows were recruited in 2012 and 2013 academic year...
May 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Ahmed Al Ansari, Ahmed Al Meer, Mooza Althawadi, Deyari Henari, Khalid Al Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Multisource feedback (MSF) is an evaluation tool whereby surveys assessing physicians are administered among medical peers and colleagues. Such evaluations provide physicians with non-biased valuations of both their strengths and their weaknesses, offering an opportunity for improvement in their work. Studies have shown that MSF is particularly effective for emergency care physicians. METHODS: The study was undertaken in a military teaching hospital in Bahrain...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Patricia J Hicks, Melissa Margolis, Sue E Poynter, Christa Chaffinch, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Teri L Turner, Linda Waggoner-Fountain, Robin Lockridge, Stephen G Clyman, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: To report on the development of content and user feedback regarding the assessment process and utility of the workplace-based assessment instruments of the Pediatrics Milestones Assessment Pilot (PMAP). METHOD: One multisource feedback instrument and two structured clinical observation instruments were developed and refined by experts in pediatrics and assessment to provide evidence for nine competencies based on the Pediatrics Milestones (PMs) and chosen to inform residency program faculty decisions about learners' readiness to serve as pediatric interns in the inpatient setting...
May 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jocelyn M Lockyer, Carol S Hodgson, Tzu Lee, Sonia Faremo, Bruce Fisher, William Dafoe, Verna Yiu, Claudio Violato
INTRODUCTION: Physicians identify teaching as a factor that enhances performance, although existing data to support this relationship is limited. PURPOSE: To determine whether there were differences in clinical performance scores as assessed through multisource feedback (MSF) data based on clinical teaching. METHODS: MSF data for 1831 family physicians, 1510 medical specialists, and 542 surgeons were collected from physicians' medical colleagues, co-workers (e...
August 2016: Medical Teacher
Keng-Lin Lee, Shih-Li Tsai, Yu-Ting Chiu, Ming-Jung Ho
Measurement invariance is a prerequisite for comparing measurement scores from different groups. In medical education, multi-source feedback (MSF) is utilized to assess core competencies, including the professionalism. However, little attention has been paid to the measurement invariance of assessment instruments; that is, whether an instrument holds the same meaning across different rater groups. To examine the measurement invariance of the National Taiwan University professionalism MSF (NTU P-MSF) in order to determine whether medical students' self-rating can be compared to their peers' rating...
May 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Ahmed Al Ansari, Khalid Al Khalifa, Mohamed Al Azzawi, Rashed Al Amer, Dana Al Sharqi, Anwar Al-Mansoor, Fadi M Munshi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to design, implement, and evaluate the feasibility and reliability of a multisource feedback (MSF) system to assess interns in their clerkship year in the Middle Eastern culture, the Kingdom of Bahrain. METHOD: The study was undertaken in the Bahrain Defense Force Hospital, a military teaching hospital in the Kingdom of Bahrain. A total of 21 interns (who represent the total population of the interns for the given year) were assessed in this study...
2015: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Suliat M Nurudeen, Gifty Kwakye, William R Berry, Elliot L Chaikof, Keith D Lillemoe, Frederick Millham, Marc Rubin, Steven Schwaitzberg, Robert C Shamberger, Michael J Zinner, Luke Sato, Stuart Lipsitz, Atul A Gawande, Alex B Haynes
BACKGROUND: Medical organizations have increased interest in identifying and improving behaviors that threaten team performance and patient safety. Three hundred and sixty degree evaluations of surgeons were performed at 8 academically affiliated hospitals with a common Code of Excellence. We evaluate participant perceptions and make recommendations for future use. STUDY DESIGN: Three hundred and eighty-five surgeons in a variety of specialties underwent 360-degree evaluations, with a median of 29 reviewers each (interquartile range 23 to 36)...
October 2015: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
James G M Crossley
INTRODUCTION: Nurse appraisal is well established in the Western world because of its obvious educational advantages. Appraisal works best with many sources of information on performance. Multisource feedback (MSF) is widely used in business and in other clinical disciplines to provide such information. It has also been incorporated into nursing appraisals, but, so far, none of the instruments in use for nurses has been validated. We set out to develop an instrument aligned with the UK Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) and to evaluate its reliability and feasibility across a wide hospital-based nursing population...
2015: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Hatoko Sasaki, Julian Archer, Naohiro Yonemoto, Rintaro Mori, Toshihiko Nishida, Satoshi Kusuda, Takeo Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity and reliability of the Sheffield Peer Review Assessment Tool (SPRAT) Japanese version for evaluating doctors' competencies using multisource feedback. METHODS: SPRAT, originally developed in the UK, was translated and validated in three phases: (1) an existing Japanese version of SPRAT was back-translated into English; (2) two expert panel meetings were held to develop and assure content validity in a Japanese setting; (3) the newly devised Japanese SPRAT instrument was tested by a multisource feedback survey, validity was tested using principal component factor analysis, and reliability was assessed using generalisability and decision studies based on generalisability theory...
2015: BMJ Open
Joyce M W Moonen-van Loon, Karlijn Overeem, Marjan J B Govaerts, Bas H Verhoeven, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Erik W Driessen
PURPOSE: Residency programs around the world use multisource feedback (MSF) to evaluate learners' performance. Studies of the reliability of MSF show mixed results. This study aimed to identify the reliability of MSF as practiced across occasions with varying numbers of assessors from different professional groups (physicians and nonphysicians) and the effect on the reliability of the assessment for different competencies when completed by both groups. METHOD: The authors collected data from 2008 to 2012 from electronically completed MSF questionnaires...
August 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Laura A McEwen, Jane Griffiths, Karen Schultz
The use of portfolios in postgraduate medical residency education to support competency development is increasing; however, the processes by which these assessment systems are designed, implemented, and maintained are emergent. The authors describe the needs assessment, development, implementation, and continuing quality improvement processes that have shaped the Portfolio Assessment Support System (PASS) used by the postgraduate family medicine program at Queen's University since 2009. Their description includes the impetus for change and contextual realities that guided the effort, plus the processes used for selecting assessment components and developing strategic supports...
November 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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