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Simulation obstetric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532631/competency-based-medical-education-and-assessment-of-training-review-of-selected-national-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-curricula
#1
Milena Garofalo, Rajesh Aggarwal
There are global variations in obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) training curricula, both in length and in their structure and content. The ultimate goal for all residency programs is to ensure a skilled, competent physician, capable of independent practice by the end of his or her training. An online search was used for nationally recognized OBGYN training curricula. The curricula of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States were individually reviewed and evaluated for their use of competency-based medical education and methods of assessment, including simulation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528578/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-reduce-caesarean-delivery-rates-in-quebec-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#2
Mira Johri, Edmond S W Ng, Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Jeffrey S Hoch, Thierry Ducruet, Nils Chaillet
BACKGROUND: Widespread increases in caesarean section (CS) rates have sparked concerns about risks to mothers and infants and rising healthcare costs. A multicentre, two-arm, cluster-randomized trial in Quebec, Canada assessed whether an audit and feedback intervention targeting health professionals would reduce CS rates for pregnant women compared to usual care, and concluded that it reduced CS rates without adverse effects on maternal or neonatal health. The effect was statistically significant but clinically small...
May 22, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526619/construct-validity-of-a-simple-laparoscopic-ovarian-cystectomy-model-using-a-validated-objective-structured-assessment-of-technical-skills
#3
Elizabeth Britton Chahine, Chan Hee Han, Tamika Auguste
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the construct validity and inter-rater reliability of a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy simulator using a global rating scale. DESIGN: Prospective blinded observational study. DESIGN: Classification: II.3 SETTING: Academic teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 26 postgraduate year 1 - 4 gynecology and obstetrics residents were recruited. (15 junior residents, postgraduate year (PGY) 1 - 2 and 11 senior residents, PGY 3 - 4)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499674/-training-of-residents-in-amniocentesis-effectiveness-of-a-craft-simulator
#4
A Cazaux, R Callec, E Gauchotte, R Sataf, E Perdriolle, O Morel
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aims to assess a low fidelity simulation device for learning amniocentesis to gynecology-obstetrics residents. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, gynecology-obstetrics residents of all levels, from the maternity of Nancy hospital, which have already performed amniocentesis or not, participated in amniocentesis training on an artisanal simulator. Residents were evaluated on the amniocentesis simulator according to seven quality criteria...
May 9, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444997/a-holistic-view-of-the-effects-of-episiotomy-on-pelvic-floor
#5
Dulce A Oliveira, Marco P L Parente, Begoña Calvo, Teresa Mascarenhas, Renato M Natal Jorge
Vaginal delivery is commonly accepted as a risk factor in pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), however, other obstetric procedures (episiotomy) are still controversial. In this work, to analyze the relationship between episiotomy and pelvic floor function, a finite element model (FEM) of the pelvic cavity is used considering the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) with damaged regions from spontaneous vaginal delivery, and from deliveries with episiotomy. Common features assessed at screening of PFD are evaluated during numerical simulations of both Valsalva maneuver and contraction...
April 26, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439352/preoperative-practice-paired-with-instructor-feedback-may-not-improve-obstetrics-gynecology-residents-operative-performance
#6
Jamie Kroft, Michael Ordon, Leslie Po, Nora Zwingerman, Katie Waters, Jason Y Lee, Richard Pittini
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that preoperative practice prior to surgery can improve trainee performance, but the optimal approach has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if preoperative practice by surgical trainees paired with instructor feedback improved surgical technique, compared to preoperative practice or feedback alone. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of obstetrics-gynecology trainees, stratified on a simulator-assessed surgical skill...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#7
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429722/use-of-a-visual-aid-in-addition-to-a-collector-bag-to-evaluate-postpartum-blood-loss-a-prospective-simulation-study
#8
M Brooks, G Legendre, S Brun, P-E Bouet, L Pereira Mendes, B Merlot, L Sentilhes
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the most common causes of mortality in obstetrics worldwide. The accuracy of estimated blood loss is a priority in determining appropriate treatment. Will the additional use of a visual aid improve physicians' accuracy in estimating blood loss compared to the use of a collector bag and baby scale alone? Simulation training sessions created three vaginal delivery scenarios for participants to estimate volumes of blood loss: firstly, using only a collector bag and a baby weight scale and secondly, adding a visual aid depicting known volumes of blood...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412314/improving-students-ability-to-perform-a-standardized-foetal-biometry-plane-using-ultrasound-simulators
#9
M Le Lous, V Tsatsaris, A Tesnière, G Grangé
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess progress made in the ultrasound (US) measurement of femur length (FL) by students after one hour of training on US obstetric simulators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical residents and midwives registered for the 2016 French national foetal US diploma were invited to a 1-hour US training course with simulators. The time to acquire the FL plane with changing foetal presentation was prospectively measured before and after the training...
April 13, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397732/a-curriculum-using-simulation-models-to-teach-gynecology-and-obstetrics-to-trainees
#10
He-Ya Ren, Zhi-Jing Sun, Lan Zhu, Jing-He Lang, Hui Pan, Xia Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#11
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323672/safety-interventions-on-the-labor-and-delivery-unit
#12
Rachel M Kacmar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review highlights recent advances in efforts to improve patient safety on labor and delivery units and well tolerated care for pregnant patients in general. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies in obstetric patient safety have a broad focus but repetitive themes for interdisciplinary training include: simulating critical events, having open multidisciplinary communication, frequent reviews of cases of maternal morbidity, and implementing maternal early warning systems...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319122/can-a-simulation-based-training-program-impact-the-use-of-evidence-based-routine-practices-at-birth-results-of-a-hospital-based-cluster-randomized-trial-in-mexico
#13
Jimena Fritz, Dilys M Walker, Susanna Cohen, Gustavo Angeles, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, although the majority of births are attended in hospitals, reports have emerged of obstetric violence, use of unsafe practices, and failure to employ evidence-based practices (EBP). Recent attention has refocused global efforts towards provision of quality care that is both patient-centered and evidence-based. Scaling up of local interventions should rely on strong evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To perform a secondary analysis to evaluate the impact of a simulation and team-training program (PRONTO) on the performance of EBP in normal births...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#14
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301484/health-facility-service-availability-and-readiness-for-intrapartum-and-immediate-postpartum-care-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Naoko Kozuki, Lolade Oseni, Angella Mtimuni, Reena Sethi, Tambudzai Rashidi, Fannie Kachale, Barbara Rawlins, Shivam Gupta
This analysis seeks to identify strengths and gaps in the existing facility capacity for intrapartum and immediate postpartum fetal and neonatal care, using data collected as a part of Malawi's Helping Babies Breath program evaluation. From August to September 2012, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP) conducted a cross-sectional survey in 84 Malawian health facilities to capture current health facility service availability and readiness and health worker capacity and practice pertaining to labor, delivery, and immediate postpartum care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294509/validation-of-an-emergency-triage-scale-for-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-a-prospective-study
#16
N Veit-Rubin, P Brossard, A Gayet-Ageron, C-Y Montandon, J Simon, O Irion, O T Rutschmann, B Martinez de Tejada
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of a four-level triage scale for obstetrics and gynaecology emergencies and to explore the factors associated with an optimal triage. DESIGN: Thirty clinical vignettes presenting the most frequent indications for obstetrics and gynaecology emergency consultations were evaluated twice using a computerised simulator. SETTING: The study was performed at the emergency unit of obstetrics and gynaecology at the Geneva University Hospitals...
March 15, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291725/in-situ-operating-room-based-simulation-a-review
#17
Lily Owei, Christopher J Neylan, Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Jon B Morris, Richard Sensenig, Ari D Brooks, Daniel T Dempsey, Noel N Williams, Joshua H Atkins, Dimitry Y Baranov, Kristoffel R Dumon
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature surrounding operating room-based in situ training in surgery. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of MEDLINE. The review was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology, and employed the Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome (PICO) structure to define inclusion/exclusion criteria. The Kirkpatrick model was used to further classify the outcome of in situ training when possible...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#18
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255522/opportunities-to-foster-efficient-communication-in-labor-and-delivery-using-simulation
#19
Kay Daniels, Colleen Hamilton, Susan Crowe, Steven S Lipman, Louis P Halamek, Henry C Lee
Introduction Communication errors are an important contributing factor in adverse outcomes in labor and delivery (L&D) units. The objective of this study was to identify common lapses in verbal communication using simulated obstetrical scenarios and propose alternative formats for communication. Methods Health care professionals in L&D participated in three simulated clinical scenarios. Scenarios were recorded and reviewed to identify questions repeated within and across scenarios. Questions that were repeated more than once due to ineffective communication were identified...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250966/pph-butterfly-a-novel-device-to-treat-postpartum-haemorrhage-through-uterine-compression
#20
Caroline Cunningham, Peter Watt, Nasreen Aflaifel, Simon Collins, Dot Lambert, John Porter, Tina Lavender, Tony Fisher, Andrew Weeks
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The most common cause is an inability of the uterus to contract adequately after childbirth. In bimanual compression (BMC), one hand is placed within the vagina and the other hand is on the abdominal wall to compress the uterus. It is effective, but very uncomfortable for the woman. We designed a device that could replicate BMC without inserting a hand vaginally, therefore being less invasive...
February 2017: BMJ Innovations
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