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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904054/epidemiology-of-dermatophytoses-in-crete-greece
#1
Sofia Maraki, Viktoria Eirini Mavromanolaki
Dermatophytoses are among the most frequently diagnosed skin infections worldwide. However, the distribution of pathogenic species and the predominating anatomical sites of infection vary with geographical location and change over time. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and aetiological factors of dermatophytoses in Crete, Greece over the last 5-year period (2011-2015) and their incidence in relation to the gender and the age of the patients. We compared our findings with those previously reported from the same area and from other parts of the world...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897199/hydroxychavicol-a-phytochemical-targeting-cutaneous-fungal-infections
#2
Intzar Ali, Naresh Kumar Satti, Prabhu Dutt, Rajendra Prasad, Inshad Ali Khan
The present study was designed to investigate the potency of hydroxychavicol on selected cutaneous human pathogenic fungi by the use of in vitro and in vivo assays and mechanistic characterization along with toxicological effects. Hydroxychavicol consistently displayed a fungicidal effect against all fungal species tested. Inoculum concentrations over the range of 10(4) to 10(7) CFU/ml did not significantly alter its antifungal potential and time-kill curve results revealed concentration-dependent killing...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#3
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890948/study-of-infections-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-patients-in-shadan-hospital-telangana-india
#4
Sukumar Gajjala Reddy, Syed Yousuf Ali, Azheel Khalidi
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemicity is a major concern today as it causes greater loss of productivity than any other disease. HIV infection leads to profound immune deficiency and patients become highly susceptible to opportunistic infections (OIs). HIV epidemic in India is heterogeneous in nature, both in terms of routes of transmission as well as geographical spread. AIMS: (1) Determine prevalence of OIs among HIV-seropositive patients and their relation to CD4 count and to focus on the routes of transmission...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887809/an-estimation-of-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-france
#5
J-P Gangneux, M-E Bougnoux, C Hennequin, C Godet, J Chandenier, D W Denning, B Dupont
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: An estimation of burden of serious fungal diseases in France is essential data to inform public health priorities on the importance of resources and research needed on these infections. In France, precise data are available for invasive fungal diseases but estimates for several other diseases such as chronic and immunoallergic diseases are by contrast less known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the Web of Science Platform...
November 22, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870929/a-clinical-study-of-cutaneous-changes-in-pregnancy
#6
Vinitha V Panicker, Najeeba Riyaz, P K Balachandran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women experience a myriad of physiological and metabolic changes that affect different organ systems in the body. Cutaneous and appendageal alterations that manifest during pregnancy are largely modulated by hormonal, immunologic, and metabolic factors. Detailed reports encompassing physiological changes and specific dermatoses of pregnancy and effects of various dermatoses on pregnant women are scanty in literature. This study was conducted to examine in detail both physiological changes and specific dermatoses...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864837/risk-factors-for-non-purulent-leg-cellulitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
M Quirke, F Ayoub, A McCabe, F Boland, B Smith, R O'Sullivan, A Wakai
Non-purulent cellulitis is an acute bacterial infection of the dermal and subdermal tissues that is not associated with purulent drainage, discharge or abscess. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) was to identify and appraise all controlled observational studies that have examined risk factors for the development of non-purulent cellulitis of the leg (NPLC). A systematic literature search of electronic databases and grey literature sources was performed in July 2015. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess methodological quality of included studies...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843933/onychomycosis-practical-approaches-to-minimize-relapse-and-recurrence
#8
REVIEW
Antonella Tosti, Boni E Elewski
INTRODUCTION: Toenail onychomycosis is a common disease in which treatment options are limited and treatment failures and disease recurrence are frequently encountered. It usually requires many months of treatment, and recurrence may occur in more than half of the patients within 1 year or more after the infection has been eradicated. Data on long-term treatment, follow-up and recurrence are limited. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to interpret these data and recommend practical approaches that should minimize recurrence based on our clinical experience...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816294/systemic-antifungal-therapy-for-tinea-capitis-in-children-an-abridged-cochrane-review
#9
Xiaomei Chen, Xia Jiang, Ming Yang, Cathy Bennett, Urbà González, Xiufang Lin, Xia Hua, Siliang Xue, Min Zhang
BACKGROUND: The comparative efficacy and safety profiles of systemic antifungal drugs for tinea capitis in children remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the effects of systemic antifungal drugs for tinea capitis in children. METHODS: We used standard Cochrane methodological procedures. RESULTS: We included 25 randomized controlled trials with 4449 participants. Terbinafine and griseofulvin had similar effects for children with mixed Trichophyton and Microsporum infections (risk ratio 1...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783316/the-changing-face-of-dermatophytic-infections-worldwide
#10
REVIEW
Ping Zhan, Weida Liu
Dermatophytes evolve along with the geography and socioeconomic conditions. Epidermophyton floccosum, Microsporum audouinii and Trichophyton schoenleinii acted as the major pathogens of superficial fungal diseases 100 years ago, but their frequency decreased dramatically since the middle of the twentieth century and they are limited to some less-developed countries nowadays; meanwhile, frequency of Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton interdigitale, Trichophyton tonsurans and Microsporum canis increased gradually, and these fungi have become the major species globally...
October 25, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760831/identification-of-the-causative-dermatophyte-of-tinea-capitis-in-children-attending-mbarara-regional-referral-hospital-in-uganda-by-pcr-elisa-and-comparison-with-conventional-mycological-diagnostic-methods
#11
Cornelia Wiegand, Peter Mugisha, Grace K Mulyowa, Peter Elsner, Uta-Christina Hipler, Yvonne Gräser, Silke Uhrlaß, Pietro Nenoff
Tinea capitis is a dermatophyte infection common among prepubertal children in sub-Saharan Africa and mainly caused by Trichophyton and Microsporum species. Accurate identification is challenging as conventional methods like culture and microscopy are slow and mostly based on morphological characteristics, which make them less sensitive and specific. Modern molecular methods, like polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, are gaining acceptance and are quick as well as accurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical patterns of tinea capitis and to accurately identify the most common causative dermatophytes affecting the scalps of children aged 1 to 16 years attending the Skin Clinic at Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mbarara, Uganda, East Africa, using both conventional mycological methods and PCR-ELISA for detection of dermatophyte DNA...
October 19, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744309/continuous-increase-of-trichophyton-tonsurans-as-a-cause-of-tinea-capitis-in-the-urban-area-of-paris-france-a-5-year-long-study
#12
Maud Gits-Muselli, Mazouz Benderdouche, Samia Hamane, Anselme Mingui, Martine Feuilhade de Chauvin, Nicolas Guigue, Marie-Quitterie Picat, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Antoine Petit, Martine Bagot, Alexandre Alanio, Stéphane Bretagne
Tinea capitis (TC) is a highly contagious fungal infection of the scalp due to dermatophytes in children. To obtain information on the epidemiology of TC in the urban area of Paris, we analysed the microbiological results of 3090 patients seen with suspected TC from October 2010 to September 2015 at Saint Louis hospital, Paris, France. A peak of TC was observed in 3-6 year-old children, followed by a progressive decrease until 16 years of age. Of the 1311 positive cultures, 95% (1246) yielded one of the three anthropophilic species [Trichophyton tonsurans (33...
October 14, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743437/risk-factors-and-awareness-of-hpv-in-turkish-people-with-anogenital-warts-in-bagcilar-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Betul Tas, Kamuran Turker, Elcin Balci
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts (AGWs) are epithelial tumors which develop as a result of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. We aimed to assess the sociodemographic, sexual and other possible risk-factors, and awareness of the HPV infection among Turkish people with AGW in the Bagcilar district of Istanbul. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 273 patients (183 men, 90 women) with AGW between October 2014 - March 2015. The patients' sociodemographics were recorded along with their possible risk-factors and clinical findings...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696388/the-kerion-an-angry-tinea-capitis
#14
Ann M John, Robert A Schwartz, Camila K Janniger
Tinea capitis has a high incidence with a global changing pathogen distribution, making this condition a public health concern around the world. As the infection is initially asymptomatic, it is easily spread. Moreover, it is present in many fomites, including hairbrushes, pillows, and bedding. Prompt recognition and treatment is necessary for kerion, an inflammatory subtype characterized by tender boggy plaques with purulent drainage. Kerion is usually associated with infection by zoophilic dermatophytes, although other sources have been described...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688443/relapse-after-oral-terbinafine-therapy-in-dermatophytosis-a-clinical-and-mycological-study
#15
Imran Majid, Gousia Sheikh, Farhath Kanth, Rubeena Hakak
BACKGROUND: The incidence of recurrent tinea infections after oral terbinafine therapy is on the rise. AIM: This study aims to identify the appearance of incomplete cure and relapse after 2-week oral terbinafine therapy in tinea corporis and/or tinea cruris. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 consecutive patients clinically and mycologically diagnosed to have tinea corporis and/or tinea cruris were included in the study. The enrolled patients were administered oral terbinafine 250 mg once daily for 2 weeks...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671284/pyocyanin-as-anti-tyrosinase-and-anti-tinea-corporis-a-novel-treatment-study
#16
REVIEW
Nessma A El-Zawawy, Sameh S Ali
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of pyocyanin pigment as a novel compound active against tyrosinase with its depigmentation efficiency for combating Trichophyton rubrum which could be a major causative agent of tinea corporis. METHODS: Fifty swabs of fungal tinea corporis infections were collected and identified. Five MDRPA isolates were tested for their levels of pyocyanin production. The purified extracted pyocyanin was characterized by UV spectrum and FT-IR analysis...
November 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667305/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-tinea-pedis-and-toenail-onychomycosis-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-the-causative-agents-in-patients-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-in-turkey
#17
Yasemin Oz, Iman Qoraan, Ali Oz, Ilknur Balta
BACKGROUND: Diabetes patients are particularly susceptible to fungal infections because their vascular and immunological systems are compromised. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine prevalences of tinea pedis and onychomycosis, factors predisposing to their development, and antifungal susceptibilities of causative fungal species against fluconazole, itraconazole, and terbinafine in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Study groups were defined according to hemoglobin A1C rates of ≥6...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666873/enhancement-of-the-topical-tolnaftate-delivery-for-the-treatment-of-tinea-pedis-via-provesicular-gel-systems
#18
Mona Mahmoud AbouSamra, Alaa Hamed Salama
Tolnaftate is a thiocarbamate antifungal drug which is therapeutically active against dermatophytes that cause various forms of tinea. Due to the small amount of tolnaftate released from ordinary ointment bases and insufficient penetration through the infected skin layers the need to incorporate the drug in a more suitable pharmaceutical form has evolved. A provesicular system is one such form that can solve these problems. Once in contact with the skin, dilution with moisture occurs and the provesicular system rapidly transforms into a vesicular one...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663926/tinea-on-a-tattoo
#19
Alexandru Oanţă, Marius Irimie
In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659511/protocol-for-the-systematic-review-of-the-prevention-treatment-and-public-health-management-of-impetigo-scabies-and-fungal-skin-infections-in-resource-limited-settings
#20
Philippa May, Asha Bowen, Steven Tong, Andrew Steer, Sam Prince, Ross Andrews, Bart Currie, Jonathan Carapetis
BACKGROUND: Impetigo, scabies, and fungal skin infections disproportionately affect populations in resource-limited settings. Evidence for standard treatment of skin infections predominantly stem from hospital-based studies in high-income countries. The evidence for treatment in resource-limited settings is less clear, as studies in these populations may lack randomisation and control groups for cultural, ethical or economic reasons. Likewise, a synthesis of the evidence for public health control within endemic populations is also lacking...
September 23, 2016: Systematic Reviews
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