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licensing exam performance predictors

Liana Puscas, David Chang, Hui-Jie Lee, Rodney Diaz, Robert Miller
Objective To ascertain what relationship exists between the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and the American Board of Otolaryngology Written Qualifying Examination (WQE). Study Design Retrospective, longitudinal study. Setting De-identified database. Subjects Residents entering otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) residency between 2007 and 2009 and taking the WQE for the first time between 2012 and 2014. Methods Regression models were used to determine if the USMLE score predicts passage of the WQE on the first attempt, which step score was a better predictor, and whether an increase in the Step 2 score increased the chances of WQE passage...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Whitney E Zahnd, Georgia S Mueller-Luckey, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Tracey Smith
CONTEXT: Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer, but exposure can be reduced through testing one's home and mitigating if levels are high. OBJECTIVE: To determine what factors predict radon testing and to identify, through spatial analysis, areas in Illinois with lower or higher than expected testing rates. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MAIN OUTCOMES: An ecological study design was used to evaluate data on radon tests performed in Illinois by a licensed professional or a home radon test kit analyzed by a state-approved laboratory between 2005 and 2012...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Glenn E Davis, Gregory G Gayer
CONTEXT: With the coming single accreditation system for graduate medical education, medical educators may wonder whether knowledge in basic sciences is equivalent for osteopathic and allopathic medical students. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether medical students' basic science knowledge is the same among osteopathic and allopathic medical students. METHODS: A dataset of the Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA student records from the classes of 2013, 2014, and 2015 and the national cohort of National Board of Medical Examiners Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (NBME-CBSE) parameters for MD students were used...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Andrea J Cameron, Linda D MacKeigan, Nicholas Mitsakakis, John A Pugsley
CONTEXT: Predictive validity studies on the use of the multiple mini-interview (MMI) have been primarily in medicine. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the predictive validity of the MMI for performance within a pharmacy programme and on the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada (PEBC) Qualifying Examination for licensure, and to compare the predictive validity of the MMI with that of pre-pharmacy grade point average (GPA) and Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) score...
January 24, 2017: Medical Education
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Ivana Zupetic, Ilyssa J Yousem, Li Liu, Nafi Aygun, David M Yousem
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine (1) whether United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores predict academic productivity in neuroradiology fellows as measured by publications and citations, and (2) what factors predict such productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the USMLE scores, gender, medical school location attended, publication record before and during fellowship, fellowship evaluation ratings and subsequent practice site (private vs academic) of neuroradiology fellows from 2004 to 2014 to determine relationships with publications and citations after fellowship...
December 29, 2016: Academic Radiology
Francis Deng, Jeffrey A Gluckstein, Douglas P Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Michael Van Meter, Michael Williams, Rosa Banuelos, Peter Carlson, Jeffrey I Schneider, Bradley D Shy, Christine Babcock, Matthew Spencer, Yashwant Chathampally
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine (EM) residency programs use nonstandardized criteria to create applicant rank lists. One implicit assumption is that predictive associations exist between an applicant's rank and their future performance as a resident. To date, these associations have not been sufficiently demonstrated. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a strong positive correlation exists between the National Resident Match Program (NRMP) match-list applicant rank, the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and In-Training Examination (ITE) scores, and the graduating resident rank...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kasey M Jakien, Sean D Kampel, Samuel Y Gordon, Frederick J Gallun
OBJECTIVE: Spatial release from masking (SRM) can increase speech intelligibility in complex listening environments. The goal of the present study was to document how speech-in-speech stimuli could be best processed to encourage optimum SRM for listeners who represent a range of ages and amounts of hearing loss. We examined the effects of equating stimulus audibility among listeners, presenting stimuli at uniform sensation levels (SLs), and filtering stimuli at two separate bandwidths...
January 2017: Ear and Hearing
Mohammed J Al Fayyadh, Stephanie F Heller, Taufiek Konrad Rajab, Aimee K Gardner, Jordan P Bloom, Jeremy A Rawlings, John T Mullen, Douglas S Smink, David R Farley, Ross E Willis, Daniel L Dent
OBJECTIVE: A nondesignated preliminary surgery (NDPS) position encompasses 1 year of training provided by many general surgery residencies. Our aim was to assess factors predicting success and provide evidence for program directors to support career guidance to preliminary residents. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 221 NDPS residents who entered 5 university-based institutions were identified from 2009 to 2013. Records for trainees were reviewed. We defined primary success as obtaining a categorical position in the specialty of choice and secondary success as obtaining a categorical position in any specialty immediately after finishing their NDPS training...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Abdullah M Alfawaz, Saad A Al-Dahmash
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of current selection criteria and additional factors as predictors of performance in an ophthalmology residency training program. DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from the files of 166 residents who were collectively trained in an ophthalmology residency program from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: The program's selection criteria included medical school grade point average (GPA), Saudi licensing examination (SLE) score, multiple-choice question ophthalmology selection (MCQ) examination score, and interview mark...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Petra M Casey, Brian A Palmer, Geoffrey B Thompson, Torrey A Laack, Matthew R Thomas, Martha F Hartz, Jani R Jensen, Benjamin J Sandefur, Julie E Hammack, Jerry W Swanson, Robert D Sheeler, Joseph P Grande
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that poor performance on standardized tests before and early in medical school is associated with poor performance on standardized tests later in medical school and beyond. This study aimed to explore relationships between standardized examination scores (before and during medical school) with test and clinical performance across all core clinical clerkships. METHODS: We evaluated characteristics of 435 students at Mayo Medical School (MMS) who matriculated 2000-2009 and for whom undergraduate grade point average, medical college aptitude test (MCAT), medical school standardized tests (United States Medical Licensing Examination [USMLE] 1 and 2; National Board of Medical Examiners [NBME] subject examination), and faculty assessments were available...
April 27, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Ilyssa J Yousem, Li Liu, Nafi Aygun, David M Yousem
PURPOSE: Many neuroradiology programs use United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores to assess fellowship candidates. The authors hypothesized that because they are taken several years before fellowship, USMLE scores would correlate poorly with success in fellowship training as measured by faculty evaluations. METHODS: USMLE scores from 10 years of neuroradiology fellows (n = 73) were compared with their cumulative mean E*Value scores from their fellowship years and their best-to-worst rankings within their fellowship years...
April 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Frances A Collichio, Brian J Hess, Elaine A Muchmore, Lauren Duhigg, Rebecca S Lipner, Steven Haist, Janine L Hawley, Carol A Morrison, Charles P Clayton, Marilyn J Raymond, Karen M Kayoumi, Scott D Gitlin
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's Next Accreditation System requires training programs to demonstrate that fellows are achieving competence in medical knowledge (MK), as part of a global assessment of clinical competency. Passing American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) certification examinations is recognized as a metric of MK competency. This study examines several in-training MK assessment approaches and their ability to predict performance on the ABIM Hematology or Medical Oncology Certification Examinations...
February 20, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Adam McKay, Carine Liew, Michael Schönberger, Pamela Ross, Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the relations between performance on cognitive tests and on-road driving assessment in a sample of persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI). (2) To compare cognitive predictors of the on-road assessment with demographic and injury-related predictors. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine people with mild-severe TBI who completed an on-road driving assessment in an Australian rehabilitation setting. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
December 24, 2015: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Kye-Yeung Park, Hoon-Ki Park, Jong-Hoon Kim, Hwan-Sik Hwang
PURPOSE: Clinical performance examination (CPX) has been used to assess clinical competence as one step of medical license examination. Initial CPX score of the fourth year medical student is important since it indicates how to prepare successfully for the final examination. This study was conducted to assess the predictors of CPX scores of the fourth year medical students who completed core clinical clerkship. METHODS: One hundred eleven fourth year medical students took a formative CPX in February...
December 2015: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Yinin Hu, James R Martindale, Robin D LeGallo, Casey B White, Eugene D McGahren, Anneke T Schroen
Success in residency matching is largely contingent upon standardized exam scores. Identifying predictors of standardized exam performance could promote primary intervention and lead to design insights for preclinical courses. We hypothesized that clinically relevant courses with an emphasis on higher-order cognitive understanding are most strongly associated with performance on United States Medical Licensing Examination Step exams and National Board of Medical Examiners clinical subject exams. Academic data from students between 2007 and 2012 were collected...
May 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Charles G Prober, Joseph C Kolars, Lewis R First, Donald E Melnick
The three-step United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) was developed by the National Board of Medical Examiners and the Federation of State Medical Boards to provide medical licensing authorities a uniform evaluation system on which to base licensure. The test results appear to be a good measure of content knowledge and a reasonable predictor of performance on subsequent in-training and certification exams. Nonetheless, it is disconcerting that the test preoccupies so much of students' attention with attendant substantial costs (in time and money) and mental and emotional anguish...
January 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Rahul Bhat, Katrin Takenaka, Brian Levine, Nikhil Goyal, Manish Garg, Annette Visconti, Leslie Oyama, Edward Castillo, Joshua Broder, Rodney Omron, Stephen Hayden
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medicine (EM) residency program directors and faculty spend significant time and effort creating a residency rank list. To date, however, there have been few studies to assist program directors in determining which pre-residency variables best predict performance during EM residency. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate which pre-residency variables best correlated with an applicant's performance during residency. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter sample of all residents in the three most recent graduating classes from nine participating EM residency programs...
October 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kristine M Lohr, Amanda Clauser, Brian J Hess, Allan C Gelber, Joanne Valeriano-Marcet, Rebecca S Lipner, Steven A Haist, Janine L Hawley, Sarah Zirkle, Marcy B Bolster
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Adult Rheumatology In-Training Examination (ITE) is a feedback tool designed to identify strengths and weaknesses in the content knowledge of individual fellows-in-training and the training program curricula. We determined whether scores on the ACR ITE, as well as scores on other major standardized medical examinations and competency-based ratings, could be used to predict performance on the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Rheumatology Certification Examination...
November 2015: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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