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licensing exam performance predictors

Michael Van Meter, Michael Williams, Rosa Banuelos, Peter Carlson, Jeffrey I Schneider, Bradley D Shy, Christine Babcock, Matthew Spencer, Yashwant Chathampally
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine (EM) residency programs use nonstandardized criteria to create applicant rank lists. One implicit assumption is that predictive associations exist between an applicant's rank and their future performance as a resident. To date, these associations have not been sufficiently demonstrated. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a strong positive correlation exists between the National Resident Match Program (NRMP) match-list applicant rank, the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and In-Training Examination (ITE) scores, and the graduating resident rank...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kasey M Jakien, Sean D Kampel, Samuel Y Gordon, Frederick J Gallun
OBJECTIVE: Spatial release from masking (SRM) can increase speech intelligibility in complex listening environments. The goal of the present study was to document how speech-in-speech stimuli could be best processed to encourage optimum SRM for listeners who represent a range of ages and amounts of hearing loss. We examined the effects of equating stimulus audibility among listeners, presenting stimuli at uniform sensation levels (SLs), and filtering stimuli at two separate bandwidths...
August 22, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Mohammed J Al Fayyadh, Stephanie F Heller, Taufiek Konrad Rajab, Aimee K Gardner, Jordan P Bloom, Jeremy A Rawlings, John T Mullen, Douglas S Smink, David R Farley, Ross E Willis, Daniel L Dent
OBJECTIVE: A nondesignated preliminary surgery (NDPS) position encompasses 1 year of training provided by many general surgery residencies. Our aim was to assess factors predicting success and provide evidence for program directors to support career guidance to preliminary residents. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 221 NDPS residents who entered 5 university-based institutions were identified from 2009 to 2013. Records for trainees were reviewed. We defined primary success as obtaining a categorical position in the specialty of choice and secondary success as obtaining a categorical position in any specialty immediately after finishing their NDPS training...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Abdullah M Alfawaz, Saad A Al-Dahmash
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of current selection criteria and additional factors as predictors of performance in an ophthalmology residency training program. DESIGN: A retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from the files of 166 residents who were collectively trained in an ophthalmology residency program from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: The program's selection criteria included medical school grade point average (GPA), Saudi licensing examination (SLE) score, multiple-choice question ophthalmology selection (MCQ) examination score, and interview mark...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Petra M Casey, Brian A Palmer, Geoffrey B Thompson, Torrey A Laack, Matthew R Thomas, Martha F Hartz, Jani R Jensen, Benjamin J Sandefur, Julie E Hammack, Jerry W Swanson, Robert D Sheeler, Joseph P Grande
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that poor performance on standardized tests before and early in medical school is associated with poor performance on standardized tests later in medical school and beyond. This study aimed to explore relationships between standardized examination scores (before and during medical school) with test and clinical performance across all core clinical clerkships. METHODS: We evaluated characteristics of 435 students at Mayo Medical School (MMS) who matriculated 2000-2009 and for whom undergraduate grade point average, medical college aptitude test (MCAT), medical school standardized tests (United States Medical Licensing Examination [USMLE] 1 and 2; National Board of Medical Examiners [NBME] subject examination), and faculty assessments were available...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Ilyssa J Yousem, Li Liu, Nafi Aygun, David M Yousem
PURPOSE: Many neuroradiology programs use United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores to assess fellowship candidates. The authors hypothesized that because they are taken several years before fellowship, USMLE scores would correlate poorly with success in fellowship training as measured by faculty evaluations. METHODS: USMLE scores from 10 years of neuroradiology fellows (n = 73) were compared with their cumulative mean E*Value scores from their fellowship years and their best-to-worst rankings within their fellowship years...
April 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Frances A Collichio, Brian J Hess, Elaine A Muchmore, Lauren Duhigg, Rebecca S Lipner, Steven Haist, Janine L Hawley, Carol A Morrison, Charles P Clayton, Marilyn J Raymond, Karen M Kayoumi, Scott D Gitlin
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's Next Accreditation System requires training programs to demonstrate that fellows are achieving competence in medical knowledge (MK), as part of a global assessment of clinical competency. Passing American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) certification examinations is recognized as a metric of MK competency. This study examines several in-training MK assessment approaches and their ability to predict performance on the ABIM Hematology or Medical Oncology Certification Examinations...
February 20, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Adam McKay, Carine Liew, Michael Schönberger, Pamela Ross, Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the relations between performance on cognitive tests and on-road driving assessment in a sample of persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI). (2) To compare cognitive predictors of the on-road assessment with demographic and injury-related predictors. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine people with mild-severe TBI who completed an on-road driving assessment in an Australian rehabilitation setting. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
December 24, 2015: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Kye-Yeung Park, Hoon-Ki Park, Jong-Hoon Kim, Hwan-Sik Hwang
PURPOSE: Clinical performance examination (CPX) has been used to assess clinical competence as one step of medical license examination. Initial CPX score of the fourth year medical student is important since it indicates how to prepare successfully for the final examination. This study was conducted to assess the predictors of CPX scores of the fourth year medical students who completed core clinical clerkship. METHODS: One hundred eleven fourth year medical students took a formative CPX in February...
December 2015: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Yinin Hu, James R Martindale, Robin D LeGallo, Casey B White, Eugene D McGahren, Anneke T Schroen
Success in residency matching is largely contingent upon standardized exam scores. Identifying predictors of standardized exam performance could promote primary intervention and lead to design insights for preclinical courses. We hypothesized that clinically relevant courses with an emphasis on higher-order cognitive understanding are most strongly associated with performance on United States Medical Licensing Examination Step exams and National Board of Medical Examiners clinical subject exams. Academic data from students between 2007 and 2012 were collected...
May 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Charles G Prober, Joseph C Kolars, Lewis R First, Donald E Melnick
The three-step United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) was developed by the National Board of Medical Examiners and the Federation of State Medical Boards to provide medical licensing authorities a uniform evaluation system on which to base licensure. The test results appear to be a good measure of content knowledge and a reasonable predictor of performance on subsequent in-training and certification exams. Nonetheless, it is disconcerting that the test preoccupies so much of students' attention with attendant substantial costs (in time and money) and mental and emotional anguish...
January 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Rahul Bhat, Katrin Takenaka, Brian Levine, Nikhil Goyal, Manish Garg, Annette Visconti, Leslie Oyama, Edward Castillo, Joshua Broder, Rodney Omron, Stephen Hayden
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medicine (EM) residency program directors and faculty spend significant time and effort creating a residency rank list. To date, however, there have been few studies to assist program directors in determining which pre-residency variables best predict performance during EM residency. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate which pre-residency variables best correlated with an applicant's performance during residency. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter sample of all residents in the three most recent graduating classes from nine participating EM residency programs...
October 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kristine M Lohr, Amanda Clauser, Brian J Hess, Allan C Gelber, Joanne Valeriano-Marcet, Rebecca S Lipner, Steven A Haist, Janine L Hawley, Sarah Zirkle, Marcy B Bolster
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Adult Rheumatology In-Training Examination (ITE) is a feedback tool designed to identify strengths and weaknesses in the content knowledge of individual fellows-in-training and the training program curricula. We determined whether scores on the ACR ITE, as well as scores on other major standardized medical examinations and competency-based ratings, could be used to predict performance on the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Rheumatology Certification Examination...
November 2015: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Andrea Acevedo, Deborah Garnick, Grant Ritter, Constance Horgan, Lena Lundgren
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Initiation and engagement, performance measures that focus on the frequency and timely receipt of services in the early stages of substance use disorders (SUD) treatment, are useful tools for assessing treatment quality differences across racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are racial/ethnic disparities in these quality indicators and to explore whether predictors of treatment initiation and engagement differ by clients' race/ethnicity...
September 2015: American Journal on Addictions
Jerry J Kim, Dennis Y Kim, Amy H Kaji, Edward D Gifford, Christopher Reid, Richard A Sidwell, Mark E Reeves, Thomas H Hartranft, Kenji Inaba, Benjamin T Jarman, Chandrakanth Are, Joseph M Galante, Farin Amersi, Brian R Smith, Marc L Melcher, M Timothy Nelson, Timothy Donahue, Garth Jacobsen, Tracey D Arnell, Christian de Virgilio
IMPORTANCE: Few large-scale studies have quantified and characterized the study habits of surgery residents. However, studies have shown an association between American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores and subsequent success on the American Board of Surgery Qualifying and Certifying examinations. OBJECTIVES: To identify the quantity of studying, the approach taken when studying, the role that ABSITE preparation plays in resident reading, and factors associated with ABSITE performance...
September 2015: JAMA Surgery
Rachna D Chandora, Carrie F Whitney, Scott R Weaver, Michael P Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine the change in smoking policy status among Georgia restaurants and bars from 2006 to 2012 and to identify restaurant and bar characteristics that are associated with allowing smoking. METHODS: Data were obtained from similar cross-sectional indoor air surveys conducted in 2006 and 2012 in Georgia. Both surveys were designed to gather information about restaurant and bar smoking policies. Weighted χ(2) analyses were performed to identify changes in smoking policy status and other variables from 2006 to 2012...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
Bradley E Dougherty, Roanne E Flom, Mark A Bullimore, Thomas W Raasch
PURPOSE: Bioptic telescopic spectacles can be used by people with central visual acuity that does not meet the state standards to obtain an unrestricted driver's license. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among visual and demographic factors, training hours, and the results of road testing for bioptic drivers. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who received an initial daylight bioptic examination at the Ohio State University and subsequently received a bioptic license was conducted...
April 2015: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Tina Raman, Rami George Alrabaa, Amit Sood, Paul Maloof, Joseph Benevenia, Wayne Berberian
BACKGROUND: More than 1000 candidates applied for orthopaedic residency positions in 2014, and the competition is intense; approximately one-third of the candidates failed to secure a position in the match. However, the criteria used in the selection process often are subjective and studies have differed in terms of which criteria predict either objective measures or subjective ratings of resident performance by faculty. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Do preresidency selection factors serve as predictors of success in residency? Specifically, we asked which preresidency selection factors are associated or correlated with (1) objective measures of resident knowledge and performance; and (2) subjective ratings by faculty...
April 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Brian A Hemann, Steven J Durning, William F Kelly, Ting Dong, Louis N Pangaro, Paul A Hemmer
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Uniformed Services University (USU) system of workplace performance assessment for students in the internal medicine clerkship at the USU continues to be a sensitive predictor of subsequent poor performance during internship, when compared with assessments in other USU third year clerkships. METHOD: Utilizing Program Director survey results from 2007 through 2011 and U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3 examination results as the outcomes of interest, we compared performance during internship for students who had less than passing performance in the internal medicine clerkship and required remediation, against students whose performance in the internal medicine clerkship was successful...
April 2015: Military Medicine
Ting Dong, Jeffrey S LaRochelle, Steven J Durning, Aaron Saguil, Kimberly Swygert, Anthony R Artino
BACKGROUND: The Essential Elements of Communication (EEC) were developed from the Kalamazoo consensus statement on physician-patient communication. The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) has adopted a longitudinal curriculum to use the EEC both as a learning tool during standardized patient encounters and as an evaluation tool culminating with the end of preclerkship objective-structured clinical examinations (OSCE). Medical educators have recently emphasized the importance of teaching communication skills, as evidenced by the United States Medical Licensing Examination testing both the integrated clinical encounter (ICE) and communication and interpersonal skills (CIS) within the Step 2 Clinical Skills exam (CS)...
April 2015: Military Medicine
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