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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787482/physical-performance-in-relation-to-menopause-status-and-physical-activity
#1
Dmitriy Bondarev, Eija K Laakkonen, Taija Finni, Katja Kokko, Urho M Kujala, Pauliina Aukee, Vuokko Kovanen, Sarianna Sipilä
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in physical performance (muscle power, muscle strength, aerobic capacity, and walking speed) across menopausal stages and potential of leisure physical activity (PA) to modify the impact of menopause on physical performance. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, women aged 47 to 55 were randomly selected from the Finnish National Registry and categorized as premenopausal (n = 233), perimenopausal (n = 381), or postmenopausal (n = 299) based on serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone and bleeding diary...
May 21, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787403/driving-comparisons-between-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-typical-development
#2
Kristina E Patrick, Felicia Hurewitz, Mark D McCurdy, Frederic Taylor Agate, Brian P Daly, Reem A Tarazi, Douglas L Chute, Maria T Schultheis
OBJECTIVE: Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are reluctant to pursue driving because of concerns about their ability to drive safely. This study aimed to assess differences in simulated driving performance in young adults with ASD and typical development, examining relationships between driving performance and the level of experience (none, driver's permit, licensed) across increasingly difficult driving environments. METHOD: Participants included 50 English-speaking young adults (16-26 years old) with ASD matched for sex, age, and licensure with 50 typically-developing (TD) peers...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#3
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784448/injury-severity-analysis-of-commercially-licensed-drivers-in-single-vehicle-crashes-accounting-for-unobserved-heterogeneity-and-age-group-differences
#4
Mohamed Osman, Sabyasachee Mishra, Rajesh Paleti
This study analyzes the injury severity of commercially-licensed drivers involved in single-vehicle crashes. Considering the discrete ordinal nature of injury severity data, the ordered response modeling framework was adopted. The moderating effect of driver's age on all other factors was examined by segmenting the parameters by driver's age group. Additional effects of the different drivers' age groups are taken into consideration through interaction terms. Unobserved heterogeneity of the different covariates was investigated using the Mixed Generalized Ordered Response Probit (MGORP) model...
May 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781963/comorbidities-and-mobility-in-lower-limb-prosthesis-users
#5
Shane R Wurdeman, Phillip M Stevens, James H Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of comorbidities on mobility in patients with lower limb prostheses. DESIGN: Cohort database chart review examining mobility in lower limb prosthesis users grouped according to comorbidities. Regression models were used to determine significant predictor comorbidities for mobility. General linear univariate models were implemented to investigate differences in mobility among cohorts (n=596). RESULTS: Patient age and history of stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and anxiety/panic disorders were predictors of decreased mobility...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777552/nursing-care-providers-perceptions-on-their-role-contributions-in-patient-care-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Kusi-Appiah, Sherry Dahlke, Sarah Stahlke
AIM: The aim of this integrative review was to explore registered nurses', licensed practical nurses', and health care aides' perceptions of their own and each other's role contributions. BACKGROUND: In response to contemporary economic and political pressures, healthcare institutions across the world have endeavored to download job duties to less educated healthcare providers. As a result, nursing care is usually delivered by a team of nursing staff that have different roles...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775878/repositioning-of-diabetes-treatments-for-depressive-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Calum D Moulton, Christopher W P Hopkins, Khalida Ismail, Daniel Stahl
Depression is a common comorbidity in diabetes but conventional antidepressant treatments do not consistently improve outcomes. We tested whether established diabetes treatments can also improve depressive symptoms and examined biological correlates of response. We performed a multi-database systematic search of all clinical trials, which measured the effect of licensed diabetes treatments on depressive symptoms using a validated questionnaire. Results of randomised controlled trials (RCT's) were pooled for meta-analysis...
May 7, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771617/public-support-for-gun-violence-prevention-policies-among-gun-owners-and-non-gun-owners-in-2017
#8
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770677/post-hoc-simulation-study-to-adopt-a-computerized-adaptive-testing-cat-for-a-korean-medical-license-examination
#9
Dong Gi Seo, Jeongwook Choi
Purpose: Computerized adaptive testing (CAT) has been adopted in license examinations due to a test efficiency and accuracy. Many research about CAT have been published to prove the efficiency and accuracy of measurement. This simulation study investigated scoring method and item selection methods to implement CAT in Korean medical license examination (KMLE). Methods: This study used post-hoc (real data) simulation design. The item bank used in this study was designed with all items in a 2017 KMLE...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762428/outcomes-of-conservative-management-of-high-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions-in-young-women
#10
Marette H Lee, Sarah J Finlayson, Ksenia Gukova, Gillian Hanley, Dianne Miller, Leslie Ann Sadownik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine regression rates of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and 3 in women younger than 24 years, followed conservatively for up to 24 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of colposcopy patients in clinic database based on the following: (1) younger than 24 years at first visit; (2) first visit January 1, 2010, to May 31, 2013, and at least 1 follow-up visit after diagnosis; (3) histologic diagnosis of CIN2+; and (4) optimal conservative management (observation for up to 24 months or to 24 years, whichever occurred first)...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759676/outcomes-associated-with-electrical-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-when-performed-autonomously-by-an-advanced-practice-provider
#11
Theresa A Strzelczyk, Rachel M Kaplan, Meena Medler, Bradley P Knight
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of elective electrical cardioversion (CV) for atrial fibrillation (AF) when performed autonomously by a trained advanced practice provider (APP) using a guideline-directed protocol. BACKGROUND: APPs have emerged as an integral part of the cardiovascular team. METHODS: A licensed advanced practice nurse-clinical nurse specialist was trained and obtained credentials to perform CVs...
December 11, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757954/consumer-preference-and-attitude-regarding-online-food-products-in-hanoi-vietnam
#12
Anh Kim Dang, Bach Xuan Tran, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Hoa Thi Do, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Tu Huu Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Chau Ngo, Thuc Thi Minh Vu, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
This study aimed to examine: (1) how the Internet has changed consumers food-buying behavior and identify its associated factors; (2) consumers' concern about food safety information of online food products. A cross-sectional study was performed from October to December 2015 in Hanoi-a Vietnamese epicenter of food service. One thousand seven hundred and thirty six (1736) customers were randomly chosen from food establishments of 176 communes. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757869/end-of-life-care-for-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer-is-aggressive-despite-hospice-intervention-a-population-based-study
#13
Jui-Kun Chiang, Chun-Shuo Hsu, Chih-Wen Lin, Yee-Hsin Kao
OBJECTIVE: To date, few studies have examined end-of-life (EOL) care and healthcare costs for patients with ovarian cancer. We evaluated the effects of hospice care on the quality of EOL care and healthcare costs for patients with ovarian cancer in the final month of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based study and analyzed data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, which contains claims information for medical records of patients, healthcare costs, and insurance system exit dates: our proxy for death between 1997 and 2011...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757774/can-telerehabilitation-games-lead-to-functional-improvement-of-upper-extremities-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Imre Cikajlo, Alma Hukić, Irena Dolinšek, Dejana Zajc, Mateja Vesel, Tatjana Krizmanič, Bojan Blažica, Anton Biasizzo, Franc Novak, Karmen Peterlin Potisk
Parkinson's disease (PD) is treated by medication, less with deep brain stimulation and physiotherapy. Different opinions on the clinical meaningfulness of the physiotherapy or recommended intensive physiotherapy were found. Our objectives were to design intensive target-based physiotherapy for upper extremities suitable for telerehabilitation services and examine the clinical meaningfulness of the exergaming at an unchanged medication plan. A telerehabilitation exergaming system using the Kinect sensor was developed; 28 patients with PD participated in the study...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757366/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-reveals-pervasive-effects-of-germline-mitochondrial-replacement-on-components-of-health
#15
Ralph Dobler, Damian K Dowling, Edward H Morrow, Klaus Reinhardt
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial replacement, a form of nuclear transfer, has been proposed as a germline therapy to prevent the transmission of mitochondrial diseases. Mitochondrial replacement therapy has been licensed for clinical application in the UK, and already carried out in other countries, but little is known about negative or unintended effects on the health of offspring born using this technique. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Studies in invertebrate models have used techniques that achieve mitochondrial replacement to create offspring with novel combinations of mitochondrial and nuclear genotype...
May 11, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751800/does-exam-targeted-training-help-village-doctors-pass-the-certified-assistant-physician-exam-and-improve-their-practical-skills-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-village-doctors-perspectives-in-changzhou-in-eastern-china
#16
Xiaohong Li, Jay J Shen, Fang Yao, Chunxin Jiang, Fengshui Chang, Fengfeng Hao, Jun Lu
BACKGROUND: Quality of health care needs to be improved in rural China. The Chinese government, based on the 1999 Law on Physicians, started implementing the Rural Doctor Practice Regulation in 2004 to increase the percentage of certified physicians among village doctors. Special exam-targeted training for rural doctors therefore was launched as a national initiative. This study examined these rural doctors' perceptions of whether that training helps them pass the exam and whether it improves their skills...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738353/spleen-stiffness-differentiates-between-acute-and-chronic-liver-damage-and-predicts-hepatic-decompensation
#17
Phil Meister, Alexander Dechêne, Matthias Büchter, Julia Kälsch, Guido Gerken, Ali Canbay, Christoph Jochum
OBJECTIVES: Spleen stiffness (SS) correlates with liver stiffness (LS) and hepatic venous pressure gradient. The latter is currently the most accurate predictor of hepatic decompensation. Our study aims to check whether SS has a similar predictive capability, while being an easy-to-perform noninvasive test in a real-life patient cohort. METHODS: Concomitantly, 210 successive patients were examined and received liver and SS measurements and a standard laboratory...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735361/use-of-a-geographic-information-system-to-find-areas-for-locating-of-municipal-solid-waste-management-facilities
#18
Diogo Appel Colvero, Ana Paula Duarte Gomes, Luís António da Cruz Tarelho, Manuel Arlindo Amador de Matos, Kamila Almeida Dos Santos
Municipal solid waste (MSW) management is a pressing concern for Goiás State, Brazil. Of the state's 246 municipalities, only 16 send their waste to licensed landfills. This means that 93% of the cities in Goiás dispose of their MSW inappropriately, in dumps or unlicensed landfills. This practice poses a danger to both the environment and to public health. On this basis, the goal of this study was to survey potential landfill sites in Goiás. A geographic information system tool was used to first identify Goiás landfills and dumps and then examine them, to check whether they are located in legally restricted areas...
May 4, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734255/patient-information-needs-and-breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#19
Tracey L Carr, Gary Groot, David Cochran, Lorraine Holtslander
BACKGROUND: Although many women benefit from breast reconstruction after mastectomy, several studies report women's dissatisfaction with the level of information they were provided with before reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: The present meta-synthesis examines the qualitative literature that explores women's experiences of breast reconstruction after mastectomy and highlights women's healthcare information needs. METHODS: After a comprehensive search of 6 electronic databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Scopus), we followed the methodology for synthesizing qualitative research...
April 27, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734138/trends-in-the-crash-involvement-of-older-drivers-in-australia
#20
James P Thompson, Matthew R J Baldock, Jeffrey K Dutschke
Research from the USA and Great Britain indicates that the number of fatal crashes (as well as the rates of crashes of all levels of injury and property damage) involving older drivers declined between approximately 1997 and 2010 despite increases in the number of older drivers on the road and in their driving exposure. Differing results have been found in Australian research with the number of older driver fatalities having been steady and even slightly increasing between 2004 and 2013. The present study further examined trends in the crash involvement of older drivers in Australia to determine whether their involvement has been increasing or decreasing, and how this compares to trends for younger aged drivers...
May 3, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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