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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135738/efficacy-of-rebamipide-instillation-for-contact-lens-discomfort-with-dry-eye
#1
Tsutomu Igarashi, Maika Kobayashi, Chiemi Yaguchi, Chiaki Fujimoto, Hisaharu Suzuki, Hiroshi Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of rebamipide ophthalmic solution on the symptoms, signs, and cytokine concentrations in tear fluid among soft contact lens (SCL) wearers with Dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: From November 2015 to June 2017, this open-label, single-arm study examined 40 eyes of 20 SCL wearers with DED who had been using daily disposable SCLs for >3 months (mean age, 30.0±8.33 years; range, 20-47 years). Signs, symptoms, and cytokine concentrations were assessed before and 4 weeks after starting 2% rebamipide ophthalmic solution 4 times/day...
November 10, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135650/pathways-from-hiv-related-stigma-to-antiretroviral-therapy-measures-in-the-hiv-care-cascade-for-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#2
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Angela Kaida, Tracey Conway, Kath Webster, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona R Loutfy
BACKGROUND: Associations between HIV-related stigma and reduced anti-retroviral (ART) adherence are widely established, yet the mechanisms accounting for this relationship are underexplored. There has been less attention to HIV-related stigma and its associations with ART initiation and current ART use. We examined pathways from HIV-related stigma to ART initiation, current ART use, and ART adherence among women living with HIV in Canada. METHODS: We utilized baseline survey data from a national cohort of women living with HIV in Canada (n=1425)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135581/high-rates-of-hypertension-diabetes-elevated-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hiv-infected-patients-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-malawi
#3
Sekai C Mathabire Rücker, Alia Tayea, Joseph Bitilinyu-Bangoh, Elkin H Bermúdez-Aza, Leon Salumu, Isabel A Quiles, Elisabeth Szumilin, Zengani Chirwa, Fernanda Rick, David Maman
OBJECTIVES: Data on cardiovascular disease risks among HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) over long periods of time are lacking in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chiradzulu, Malawi from December 2015 to June 2016. HIV-infected persons on ART for more than 10 years (patients) and HIV-negative individuals (controls) from selected clinics participated. Following informed consent, a standardized questionnaire, clinical and laboratory examinations were performed...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135534/the-multiple-faces-of-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-expression-in-malignant-and-nonmalignant-cells
#4
Edwin R Parra, Pamela Villalobos, Jaime Rodriguez-Canales
Preliminary data suggest that tumor expression of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein in human cancers, as determined by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples, may predict clinical response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. PD-L1 is not a specific tumor marker and its expression is also observed in various nonmalignant cells, such as macrophages and lymphocytes, causing confusion in immunohistochemistry analysis when these inflammatory cells are overlapping with tumors cells...
November 13, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133571/development-of-protective-immunity-in-new-zealand-white-rabbits-challenged-with-bacillus-anthracis-spores-and-treated-with-antibiotics-and-obiltoxaximab-a-monoclonal-antibody-against-protective-antigen
#5
Lisa N Henning, Sarah Carpenter, Gregory V Stark, Natalya V Serbina
Recommended management of inhalational anthrax, a high-priority bioterrorist threat, includes antibiotics and antitoxins. Obiltoxaximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against anthrax Protective Antigen (PA) is licensed under the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Animal Rule for treatment of inhalational anthrax. Because of spore latency, disease re-emergence after treatment cessation is a concern and there is a need to understand development of endogenous protective immune responses following antitoxin-containing anthrax treatment regimens...
November 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133327/easier-said-than-done-a-qualitative-study-conducted-in-the-usa-exploring-latino-family-child-care-home-providers-as-role-models-for-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviours
#6
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright
OBJECTIVE: Latinos are the largest and most rapidly growing minority population group in the USA and are disproportionally affected by obesity and related chronic diseases. Child care providers likely influence the eating and physical activity behaviours of children in their care, and therefore are important targets for interventions designed to prevent childhood obesity. Nonetheless, there is a paucity of research examining the behaviours of family child care home (FCCH) providers and whether they model healthy eating and physical activity behaviours...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130751/a-guide-for-understanding-health-education-and-promotion-programs
#7
Richard W Kim, Vinayak K Nahar
Planning, Implementing & Evaluating Health Promotion Programs: A Primer is a versatile and comprehensive resource on the theoretical and practical underpinnings of successful health promotion programs. The requirements for effective health promotion program development are presented with frequent use of practical planning examples, pedagogical devices, and expert rationale. Ideal for undergraduate and graduate students in health education, promotion, and planning courses, this 15-chapter textbook is organized in a manner that specifically addresses the responsibilities and competencies required of health education specialists as published in the Health Education Specialist Practice Analysis of 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129904/perception-survey-on-the-introduction-of-clinical-performance-examination-as-part-of-the-national-nursing-licensing-examination-in-korea
#8
Su Jin Shin, Yeong Kyeong Kim, Soon-Rim Suh, Duk Yoo Jung, Yunju Kim, Mi Kyoung Yim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze opinions about the action plan for implementation clinical performance exam as part of the national nursing licensing examination and presents the expected effects of the performance exam and aspects to consider regarding its implementation. Methods: This study used a mixed-methods design. Quantitative data were collected by a questionnaire survey, while qualitative data were collected by focus group interviews with experts...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121715/evaluation-of-a-course-to-prepare-international-students-for-the-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-2-clinical-skills-exam
#9
Rachel B Levine, Andrew P Levy, Robert Lubin, Sarah Halevi, Rebeca Rios, Danelle Cayea
Purpose: United States (US) and Canadian citizens attending medical school abroad often desire to return to the US for residency and therefore must pass US licensing exams. We describe a 2 day United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) preparation course for students in the Technion American Medical School (TEAMS) program (Haifa, Israel) between 2012 and 2016. Methods: Students completed pre- and post- course questionnaires. Paired t-tests measured student's perceptions of knowledge, preparation, confidence, and competence in clinical skills pre- and post-course...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120959/effect-of-total-domain-specific-and-intensity-specific-physical-activity-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-hypertensive-adults-in-china
#10
Mengyu Fan, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Xia Li, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Mingqiang Li, Xianzhi Li, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Jun Lv, Liming Li
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively examine the associations of total, domain-specific, and intensity-specific physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among Chinese hypertensive adults. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study in 150 391 hypertensive participants aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank study of 512 891 participants recruited from 10 diverse areas across China during 2004-2008. Participants with heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancer at baseline were excluded...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118291/-outcomes-of-pharmaceutical-faculty-focused-introduction-to-nursing-education-for-pharmacy-students-a-questionnaire-survey
#11
Takashi Majima, Hiroshi Ohara
  The scope of pharmaceutical education in Japan has been expanding, and with it an awareness of the importance of team medical care. However, pharmaceutical education still gives little attention to the psychosocial aspects of care, instead focusing on the structures and functions of drugs. In contrast, nursing education emphasizes the fact that medical care involves patients' family and significant others as much as the patients themselves, and thus nursing students are taught the basic needs and developmental stages of those people requiring care alongside their practical nursing skills...
November 9, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118253/student-preparation-for-the-national-board-dental-hygiene-examination-a-national-survey-of-dental-hygiene-program-directors
#12
Ann L Nordquist, Tanya Villalpando Mitchell, Pamela R Overman, Christopher J Van Ness, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
Purpose: Dental hygiene students nearing completion of their educational programs are required to take written and clinical examinations in order to be eligible for licensure. The written licensure exam, the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE), is administered by the Joint Commission of National Dental Examinations (JCNDE). Failing a licensing examination is a costly experience for students and has the potential for a negative impact on a program's accreditation status. Nursing programs have published extensively on strategies used to prepare students for licensure examinations...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118145/access-to-oral-health-care-a-national-crisis-and-call-for-reform
#13
Catherine H Bersell
Purpose: According to the report Healthy People 2020, oral health is integral to overall health and access to dental services is essential to promoting and maintaining good oral health. Yet, those who need dental care the most are often the least likely to receive it. The dental hygiene profession is poised to play a pivotal role in the resolution of oral health disparities. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the critical issue of access to oral health care in the United States from various perspectives and consider potential implications for dental professionals and the oral health care system...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117062/relations-between-self-reported-daily-life-fatigue-hearing-status-and-pupil-dilation-during-a-speech-perception-in-noise-task
#14
Yang Wang, Graham Naylor, Sophia E Kramer, Adriana A Zekveld, Dorothea Wendt, Barbara Ohlenforst, Thomas Lunner
OBJECTIVE: People with hearing impairment are likely to experience higher levels of fatigue because of effortful listening in daily communication. This hearing-related fatigue might not only constrain their work performance but also result in withdrawal from major social roles. Therefore, it is important to understand the relationships between fatigue, listening effort, and hearing impairment by examining the evidence from both subjective and objective measurements. The aim of the present study was to investigate these relationships by assessing subjectively measured daily-life fatigue (self-report questionnaires) and objectively measured listening effort (pupillometry) in both normally hearing and hearing-impaired participants...
November 7, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112026/nursing-home-patient-safety-culture-perceptions-among-us-and-immigrant-nurses
#15
Laura M Wagner, Barbara L Brush, Nicholas G Castle, John B Engberg, Elizabeth A Capezuti
Patient safety is a global concern, yet little is known about how and whether perceptions of patient safety culture (PSC) vary by nurses' countries of origin and preparation. This is particularly important in American nursing homes (NHs), which are increasingly hiring non-US born and prepared nurses to fill staffing needs. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the PSC perceptions of foreign and domestic born and trained nurses working in urban NHs in 5 states to analyze how nurses' PSC perceptions corresponded to their personal and professional characteristics...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110170/distribution-and-host-associations-of-ixodid-ticks-collected-from-wildlife-in-florida-usa
#16
Jeffrey C Hertz, Bambi C Ferree Clemons, Cynthia C Lord, Sandra A Allan, Phillip E Kaufman
A tick survey was conducted to document tick-host associations with Florida (USA) wildlife, and to determine the relative abundance and distribution of ixodid ticks throughout the state. The survey was conducted using collection kits distributed to licensed Florida hunters as well as the examination of archived specimens from ongoing state wildlife research programs. Collected tick samples were obtained from 66% of Florida counties and were collected from nine wildlife hosts, including black bear, bobcat, coyote, deer, gray fox, Florida panther, raccoon, swine, and wild turkey...
November 6, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105761/the-influence-of-tobacco-retailers-on-adolescent-smoking-prevention-and-policy-implications
#17
S H Gwon, G Yan, G Huang, P A Kulbok
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates are higher among adolescents in South Korea than among those in other Asian countries. Researchers have reported associations between the presence of licensed tobacco retailers and adolescent smoking rates. However, few researchers have examined the factors that influence adolescent smoking including those that are intrapersonal, interpersonal or related to the tobacco retailers' environment. AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe factors related to the students, the licensed tobacco retailers and the schools and how those factors are associated with adolescent smoking outcomes such as tobacco marketing receptivity, lifetime smoking and current smoking...
November 6, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102714/graduated-driver-licensing-and-differential-deterrence-the-effect-of-license-type-on-intentions-to-violate-road-rules
#18
Brigitte Poirier, Etienne Blais, Camille Faubert
In keeping with the differential deterrence theory, this article assesses the moderating effect of license type on the relationship between social control and intention to violate road rules. More precisely, the article has two objectives: (1) to assess the effect of license type on intentions to infringe road rules; and (2) to pinpoint mechanisms of social control affecting intentions to violate road rules based on one's type of driver license (a restricted license or a full license). This effect is examined among a sample of 392 young drivers in the province of Quebec, Canada...
November 2, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097048/comparison-of-self-reported-data-on-student-doctor-network-to-objective-data%C3%A2-of-the-national-resident-matching-program
#19
Karna Sura, Lynn D Wilson, Inga S Grills
PURPOSE: To compare matching outcomes between self-reporting on Student Doctor Network (SDN) and objective data from the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from SDN starting in the 2010 to 2011 academic year and extending to the 2015 to 2016 academic year. A total of 193 radiation oncology applicants had reported data during the period. A total of four applicants (2.1%) did not match and were excluded from the analysis...
October 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094496/knowledge-gap-regarding-dementia-care-among-nurses-in-taiwanese-acute-care-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Pei-Chao Lin, Mei-Hui Hsieh, Meng-Chin Chen, Yung-Mei Yang, Li-Chan Lin
AIM: The quality of dementia care in hospitals is typically substandard. Staff members are underprepared for providing care to older people with dementia. The objective of the present study was to examine dementia care knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding self-education about dementia care among nurses working in different wards. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The present study was carried out from July 2013 to December 2013. In total, 387 nurses working in different wards were recruited from two hospitals in Taiwan by using convenience sampling...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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