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PET-CT lung cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336778/the-predictive-value-of-early-in-treatment-fdg-pet-ct-response-to-chemotherapy-in-combination-with-bevacizumab-in-advanced-non-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Edwin A Usmanij, Tinatin Natroshvili, Johanna N H Timmer-Bonte, Wim J G Oyen, Miep A van der Drift, Johan Bussink, Lioe-Fee de Geus-Oei
(18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) is potentially applicable to predict response to chemotherapy in combination with bevacizumab in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: In 25 patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, (18)F-FDG-PET/CT was performed before treatment and after two-weeks, at the end of the second week of first cycle carboplatin - paclitaxel and bevacizumab (CPB) treatment. Patients received up to a total of 4 cycles of CPB treatment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331825/the-imaging-of-small-pulmonary-nodules
#2
REVIEW
Zejun Zhou, Ping Zhan, Jiajia Jin, Yafang Liu, Qian Li, Chenhui Ma, Yingying Miao, Qingqing Zhu, Panwen Tian, Tangfeng Lv, Yong Song
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. The major goal in lung cancer research is the improvement of long-term survival. Pulmonary nodules have high clinical importance, they may not only prove to be an early manifestation of lung cancer, but decide to choose the right therapy. This review will introduce the development and current situation of several imaging examination methods: computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)...
February 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315906/nineteen-cases-with-synchronous-multiple-primary-cancers-studied-by-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#3
Lifang Pang, Guobing Liu, Hongcheng Shi, Pengcheng Hu, Beilei Li, Dengfeng Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of fluorine -18-fuoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in evaluating synchronous multiple primary cancers (SMPC). METHODS: Nineteen patients with pathologically-confirmed SMPC were collected. Clinical and (18)F-FDG PET/CT characteristics of these patients were reviewed and analyzed. Maximum standardized uptake value, (SUVmax) of all lesions was measured and difference (Δ)SUVmax between the SUV of two primary tumors in each patient was calculated as: [(the larger SUVmax - the smaller SUVmax)/ the larger SUVmax]×100%...
March 20, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314309/elevated-metabolic-activity-on-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-is-associated-with-the-expression-of-ezh2-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Gouji Toyokawa, Kazuki Takada, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yuka Kozuma, Taichi Matsubara, Naoki Haratake, Takaki Akamine, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Fumihiro Shoji, Ryuji Hamamoto, Yoshinao Oda, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND/AIM: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a histone methyltransferase that is deeply involved in the pathogenesis of lung cancer. We evaluated the metabolic characteristics of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with and without expression of EZH2 using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/ computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The EZH2 protein expression of 268 patients with resected NSCLC, whose preoperative (18)F-FDG PET/CT information was available, was evaluated by immunohistochemistry with clone 6A10 antibody; cases with Allred score ≥3 were considered positive...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293004/-granuloma-by-foreign-body-reaction-to-the-stapler-used-for-partial-resection-of-the-lung
#5
Shintaro Hashimoto, Naoya Yamasaki, Ryoichiro Doi, Go Hatachi, Ryoutaro Kamohara, Takuro Miyazaki, Keitaro Matsumoto, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Mikiko Hashisako, Kazuhiro Tabata, Takeshi Nagayasu
A 66-year-old woman underwent right lower lobectomy and partial resection of the middle lobe for Stage I A double lung cancer. Five years after the operation, a routine computed tomography (CT) scan showed a mass on the staple line at the middle lobe. The mass was enlarged on CT scan after 6 months. A definitive diagnosis could not be made by bronchoscopic examination and fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose(FDG)/positron emission tomography( PET)-CT showed FDG uptake in the mass( early phase:SUVmax=3.24, late phase:SUVmax=4...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284494/positron-emission-tomography-and-computed-tomographic-imaging-pet-ct-for-dose-planning-purposes-of-thoracic-radiation-with-curative-intent-in-lung-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Andreas Hallqvist, Charlotte Alverbratt, Annika Strandell, Ola Samuelsson, Emil Björkander, Ann Liljegren, Per Albertsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: PET/CT is a proposed management to improve the accuracy of high dose radiochemotherapy in lung cancer patients. This systematic review was performed to investigate the possible impact on clinical outcome and to quantify the effect on patient selection and target definition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted, eligible full-text articles were assessed for quality and data were extracted. RESULTS: Thirty-five cross-sectional studies and one observational study fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
March 8, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275483/variations-in-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-findings-for-patients-receiving-neoadjuvant-and-non-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Jae Kil Park, Jae Jun Kim, Seok Whan Moon
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to predict locoregional lymph node (LN) metastases using positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and investigate variations in PET-CT findings for patients receiving neoadjuvant (NT) and non-neoadjuvant (non-NT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Data from 578 consecutive patients from January 2010 to December 2015 who met this study inclusion criteria were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent curative and complete resections for NSCLC in a Korean hospital...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275032/patterns-of-utilization-of-imaging-studies-and-serum-tumor-markers-among-patients-with-de-novo-metastatic-breast-cancer
#8
Antonio Di Meglio, Nancy U Lin, Rachel A Freedman, William T Barry, Eric P Winer, Ines Vaz-Luis
Background: When monitoring patients with metastatic breast cancer (mBC), the optimal strategies for imaging and utilization of tumor markers (TM) are uncertain. Patients and Methods: We used a retrospective cohort of 302 patients with de novo mBC treated from 2000 to 2012 at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute to describe the type and timing of imaging and TM testing during the first line of treatment (baseline, first, and subsequent testing). Results: At baseline, all patients had staging scans, with increasing use of PET/PET-CT (17...
March 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266166/prognositc-significance-of-suvmax-on-pretreatment-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-in-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-a-meta-analysis
#9
Min Dong, Jing Liu, Xiaorong Sun, Ligang Xing
INTRODUCTION: The prognostic importance of the (18) F-FDG PET maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax ) for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients receiving stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is not well defined. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of SUVmax on pretreatment (18) F-FDG PET imaging to predict prognosis after SBRT. METHODS: All published English-language studies that assessed the treatment response after SBRT in patients with early-stage NSCLC using (18) F-FDG PET were collected from the EMBASE and MEDLINE databases...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265739/risk-stratifying-capacity-of-pet-ct-metabolic-tumor-volume-in-stage-iiia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Joshua H Finkle, Stephanie Y Jo, Mark K Ferguson, Hai-Yan Liu, Chenpeng Zhang, Xuee Zhu, Cindy Yuan, Yonglin Pu
OBJECTIVES: Stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is heterogeneous in tumor burden, and its treatment is variable. Whole-body metabolic tumor volume (MTVWB) has been shown to be an independent prognostic index for overall survival (OS). However, the potential of MTVWB to risk-stratify stage IIIA NSCLC has previously been unknown. If we can identify subgroups within the stage exhibiting significant OS differences using MTVWB, MTVWB may lead to adjustments in patients' risk profile evaluations and may, therefore, influence clinical decision making regarding treatment...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263239/early-and-delayed-evaluation-of-solid-tumours-with-64cu-atsm-pet-ct-a-pilot-study-on-semiquantitative-and-computer-aided-fractal-geometry-analysis
#11
Egesta Lopci, Fabio Grizzi, Carlo Russo, Luca Toschi, Ilaria Grassi, Gianfranco Cicoria, Filippo Lodi, Sandro Mattioli, Stefano Fanti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse early and delayed acquisition on copper-64 diacetyl-bisN4-methylthiosemicarbazone (Cu-ATSM) PET/CT in a small cohort of patients by comparing semiquantitative and computer-aided fractal geometry analyses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five cancer patients, including non-small-cell lung cancer and head and neck cancer, were investigated with Cu-ATSM PET/CT. Participants received an intravenous injection of Cu-ATSM according to body size and were imaged 60 min (early) and 16 h (delayed) later on hybrid PET/CT...
April 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261749/intra-image-referencing-for-simplified-assessment-of-her2-expression-in-breast-cancer-metastases-using-the-affibody-molecule-aby-025-with-pet-and-spect
#12
Dan Sandberg, Vladimir Tolmachev, Irina Velikyan, Helena Olofsson, Anders Wennborg, Joachim Feldwisch, Jörgen Carlsson, Henrik Lindman, Jens Sörensen
PURPOSE: In phase I/II-studies radiolabelled ABY-025 Affibody molecules identified human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression in breast cancer metastases using PET and SPECT imaging. Here, we wanted to investigate the utility of a simple intra-image normalization using tumour-to-reference tissue-ratio (T/R) as a HER2 status discrimination strategy to overcome potential issues related to cross-calibration of scanning devices. METHODS: Twenty-three women with pre-diagnosed HER2-positive/negative metastasized breast cancer were scanned with [(111)In]-ABY-025 SPECT/CT (n = 7) or [(68)Ga]-ABY-025 PET/CT (n = 16)...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259750/long-term-outcomes-of-salvage-stereotactic-ablative%C3%A2-radiotherapy-for-isolated-lung-recurrence-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-phase-ii-clinical-trial
#13
Bing Sun, Eric D Brooks, Ritsuko Komaki, Zhongxing Liao, Melenda Jeter, Mary McAleer, Peter A Balter, James D Welsh, Michael O'Reilly, Daniel Gomez, Stephen M Hahn, Boris Sepesi, David C Rice, John V Heymach, Joe Y Chang
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to evaluate stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) as a salvage option for isolated recurrence of NSCLC in the lung parenchyma after definitive treatment of stage I to III disease. METHODS: Patients who had histologically confirmed, positron emission tomography-staged, isolated NSCLC recurring locally or metastasis in the lung parenchyma (≤3 cm, suitable for SABR) after previous definitive treatment were prospectively enrolled in this trial and treated with volumetric, image-guided SABR to 50 Gy in four fractions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255381/can-endobronchial-or-endotracheal-metastases-appear-from-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#14
G L Serbanescu, R M Anghel
Background: Endobronchial and endotracheal metastases from extra-pulmonary solid tumors are rare. Patients and methods: We reported the case of a patient diagnosed with endobronchial and endotracheal metastases from rectal adenocarcinoma. Case report: Patient P.G., 62 years old, was diagnosed with a rectal tumor in 2011, for which, a surgical intervention was performed (pT3 pN2a M0, stage IIIB). Afterwards, she underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and concomitant radiochemotherapy. In September 2013, the chest CT showed 2 nodules for which, an incomplete surgical resection was done and which were histopathologically diagnosed as metastases from rectal cancer...
January 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253364/comparison-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-dwi-for-detection-of-mediastinal-nodal-metastasis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
Guohua Shen, You Lan, Kan Zhang, Pengwei Ren, Zhiyun Jia
BACKGROUND: Accurate clinical staging of mediastinal lymph nodes of patients with lung cancer is important in determining therapeutic options and prognoses. We aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in detecting mediastinal nodal metastasis of lung cancer. METHODS: Relevant studies were systematically searched in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, PUBMED, and Cochrane Library databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252525/comparative-characteristics-of-quantitative-indexes-for-18f-fdg-uptake-and-metabolic-volume-in-sequentially-obtained-pet-mri-and-pet-ct
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Soo Jin Lee, Jin Chul Paeng, Jin Mo Goo, Jeong Min Lee, Gi Jeong Cheon, Dong Soo Lee, June-Key Chung, Keon Wook Kang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare quantitative indexes for fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake and metabolic volume between PET/MRI and PET/CT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six patients with solid tumors (32 with lung cancer and 34 with pancreatic cancer) who underwent sequential fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/MRI and PET/CT were retrospectively enrolled. On PET images, maximum and peak standardized uptake values (SUVmax and SUVpeak, respectively), and maximum tumor-to-liver ratio (TLRmax) were measured...
April 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246699/clinical-relevance-of-the-m1b-and-m1c-descriptors-from-the-proposed-tnm%C3%A2-8-classification-of-lung-cancer
#17
Amanda Tufman, Kathrin Kahnert, Diego Kauffmann-Guerrero, Farkhad Manapov, Katrin Milger, Ullrich Müller-Lisse, Hauke Winter, Rudolf Maria Huber, Christian Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The TNM 8 lung cancer staging system reclassifies patients with a solitary extrathoracic metastasis as M1b and two or more extrathoracic metastases as M1c. This study investigates the clinical relevance of this change. METHODS: Advanced lung cancer patients were retrospectively restaged according to the TNM8 M1b and M1c classifiers. Overall survival was compared in M1b and M1c patients staged with and without PET-CT. We then summarized the TNM 8 staging classification and the relevant literature on the treatment of oligometastatic lung cancer...
February 28, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242995/candida-esophagitis-incidentally-detected-by-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-metastatic-lung-adenocarcinoma
#18
N Martínez-Amador, I Martínez-Rodríguez, R Quirce, J Jiménez-Bonilla, I Banzo
The diagnostic significance of esophageal 18F-FDG uptake in oncologic patient is challenging. It may represent normal physiological uptake, inflammation, infection, or neoplasia. We present a patient with a recent diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer stage IV and esophageal mild uptake on 18F-FDG PET/CT scan. Biopsy of esophageal mucosa demonstrated Candida esophagitis.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240667/fdg-pet-ct-findings-of-an-isolated-abdominal-wall-metastasis-of-endometrial-carcinoma-4-years-after-primary-surgery
#19
Guohua Shen, Huan Ma, Ying Wan, Minggang Su, Anren Kuang
The cancer relapses of endometrial carcinoma are most frequently localized in the vaginal cuff, pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes, peritoneum, and lungs, whereas the abdominal wall, intra-abdominal organs, and central nervous system are unusual sites. We present F-FDG PET/CT appearance of a pathologically proven abdominal wall metastasis in a 51-year-old woman with a diagnosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma 4 years ago.
February 24, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238444/pet-ct-in-presurgical-lymph-node-staging-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-the-importance-of-false-negative-and-false-positive-findings
#20
A Bustos García de Castro, J Ferreirós Domínguez, R Delgado Bolton, C Fernández Pérez, B Cabeza Martínez, M García García-Esquinas, J L Carreras Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To assess the importance of false-negative and false-positive findings in computed tomography (CT) and (18)F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET) in mediastinal lymph node staging in patients undergoing surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 113 consecutive patients and 120 resected NSCLCs; 22 patients received neoadjuvant treatment. We compared the findings on preoperative (18)F-FDG PET-CT studies with the postoperative pathology findings...
February 23, 2017: Radiología
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