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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166489/prevalence-of-syphilis-and-hiv-infection-during-pregnancy-in-incarcerated-women-and-the-incidence-of-congenital-syphilis-in-births-in-prison-in-brazil
#1
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Barbara Ayres, Alexandra Roma Sánchez, Bernard Larouzé
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection during pregnancy, the mother to child transmission of syphilis and the incidence of congenital syphilis in incarcerated women in Brazil; to compare these rates to those observed in pregnant women outside of jail; and to verify the maternal factors associated with syphilis infection during pregnancy in free and incarcerated women. We used data from two nationwide studies conducted during the period 2011-2014. The Birth in Brazil study included 23,894 free women cared for in 266 hospitals...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166472/congenital-zika-virus-infection-in-twin-pregnancies
#2
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166461/presumed-zika-virus-related-congenital-brain-malformations-the-spectrum-of-ct-and-mri-findings-in-fetuses-and-newborns
#3
José Daniel Vieira de Castro, Licia Pacheco Pereira, Daniel Aguiar Dias, Lindenberg Barbosa Aguiar, Joanira Costa Nogueira Maia, Jesus Irajacy Fernandes da Costa, Eveline Campos Monteiro de Castro, Francisco Edson de Lucena Feitosa, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The new epidemic of Zika virus infection raises grave concerns, especially with the increasingly-recognized link between emerging cases of microcephaly and this infectious disease. Besides small cranial dimensions, there are striking morphologic anomalies in the fetal brain. Key anomalies include cortical developmental malformations and a peculiar distribution of pathologic calcifications. These potentially indicate a new pattern of congenital central nervous system infection...
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166295/nursing-care-of-infants-with-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#4
Rachel A Joseph, Michaela R Killian, Emily E Brady
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus may require a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt to divert the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, thus preventing increase in intracranial pressure. Knowledge on various aspects of caring for a child with a VP shunt will enable new and experienced nurses to better care for these infants and equip parents for ongoing care at home. PURPOSE: To review the nurses' role in care of infants with hydrocephalus, care after VP shunt placement, prevention of complications, and parental preparation for home care...
November 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166205/pregnant-women-with-heart-disease-placental-characteristics-and-their-association-with-fetal-adverse-events
#5
Fabio V Lima, Paraskevi Koutrolou-Sotiropoulou, Puja B Parikh, Cecilia Avila, Javed Butler, Kathleen Stergiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with heart disease (HD) have higher rates of adverse fetal outcomes. We describe placental pathologic characteristics and their association with fetal events. METHODS: In pregnant women, known HD were categorized into: (1) cardiomyopathy (CM) or (2) other HD (congenital, coronary, arrhythmia, or valvular). Outcomes were maternal major adverse cardiac events (MACE), fetal adverse clinical events (FACE), a composite of infant death, prematurity, underweight status, intracranial hemorrhage, and respiratory distress...
November 22, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165804/intrahepatic-congenital-portosystemic-shunts-in-dogs-short-and-long-term-outcome-of-suture-attenuation
#6
M S Tivers, V J Lipscomb, P Bristow, D J Brockman
OBJECTIVES: To report the short- and long-term outcomes of one- or two-staged suture attenuation for complete closure of intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of dogs surgically treated for intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts between February 2000 and March 2015. Long-term follow-up was conducted by telephone conversations with the referring veterinary surgeon, owner, or both. RESULTS: In total, 55 dogs had suture attenuation of their intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunt; 10 dogs (18·2%) tolerated complete attenuation, whilst 45 dogs (81·8%) tolerated partial attenuation...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165799/congenital-unilateral-reticulate-keratotic-papules-on-the-lower-extremity
#7
Anupama Bains, Saurabh Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165739/inhibitors-in-patients-with-congenital-bleeding-disorders-other-than-hemophilia
#8
Massimo Franchini, Giuseppe Marano, Carlo Mengoli, Vanessa Piccinini, Simonetta Pupella, Stefania Vaglio, Giancarlo Maria Liumbruno
The most worrying complication of replacement therapy for severe hemophilia A and B is currently the occurrence of inhibitory alloantibodies against infused factor VIII and factor IX, respectively. Inhibitors compromise the management of hemorrhage in affected patients, with a considerable increase in complications, disability, and costs. While these alloantibodies have been extensively studied in the past years in hemophilia A and B, those occurring in patients with other inherited bleeding disorders are less well characterized and still poorly understood, mostly due to the rarity of these hemorrhagic conditions...
November 17, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165681/diaphragmatic-function-in-infants-and-children-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sonia Khirani, Alessandro Amaddeo, Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Alexandre Lapillonne, Odile Becquet, Elsa Kermorvant-Duchemin, Sylvie Beaudoin, Véronique Rousseau, Christophe Delacourt, Brigitte Fauroux
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have evaluated long-term diaphragmatic function in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The aim of our cross-sectional study was to assess diaphragmatic function in infants and young children with CDH after surgical repair. METHODS: All the patients with CDH repair followed in our centre between February 2014 and January 2016 were enrolled. Patients with a postnatal diagnosis after 1 month of life were excluded. Breathing pattern and diaphragmatic function were assessed using esophageal and gastric (Pgas) pressure recording after surgery, or at 1 or 5 years of age...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165577/quantitative-mri-brain-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-vivo-assessment-of-the-cognitive-and-structural-impact-of-steroid-hormones
#10
Emma A Webb, Lucy Elliott, Dominic Carlin, Martin Wilson, Kirsty Hall, Jennifer Netherton, Julie Reed, Tim G Barrett, Vijay Salwani, Jon D Clayden, Wiebke Arlt, Nils Krone, Andrew C Peet, Amanda G Wood
Context: Brain white matter hyper-intensities are seen on routine clinical imaging in 46% of adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The extent and functional relevance of these abnormalities have not been studied using quantitative MRI analysis. Objective: To examine white matter microstructure, neural volumes and CNS metabolites in CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) and to determine whether identified abnormalities are associated with cognition, glucocorticoid and androgen exposure...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165415/-the-potential-of-ectoprosthetics-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-orbital-pathology
#11
E N Verigo, I A Filatova, O N Tkachenko
AIM: rectification of indications and contraindications for ectoprosthetics and exploration of its potential as a modern rehabilitation modality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Here are summarized the results of 89 cases of facial reconstruction with prosthetic means in trauma patients and those who had had congenital or oncological pathology and in whom other methods of rehabilitation were unable to remedy the defect within the orbital region. RESULTS: The indications and contraindications for facial prosthetics as well as the conditions, under which this type of medical and social rehabilitation can be carried out, were clarified...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165414/-torpedo-macu-lopathy-clinical-case
#12
A S Stoyukhina, N V Zhorzholadze, S S Danilov
The article presents a clinical case of torpedo maculopathy. This congenital disorder is most likely to be caused by changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) during retinal fissure closure. Visual function is usually unaffected and the condition is revealed at routine ophthalmic examination in children and teens. Optical coherence tomography showed the absence of RPE, photoreceptor damage, and massive thinning of the outer nuclear layer at the diseased site without a significant change in the total retinal thickness...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165411/-peripheral-refraction-and-retinal-contour-in-congenital-and-acquired-high-myopia
#13
E P Tarutta, G A Markosyan, S V Milash
AIM: to perform a comparative study of peripheral refraction and retinal contour in patients with congenital versus acquired high myopia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients (60 eyes) with high myopia aged 8 to 18 years (11.2±0.32 years on average) were examined. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 consisted of 21 patients (42 eyes) with acquired myopia of -6.0 to -10.25 diopters (-7.55±0.17 diopters on average), group 2 - of 9 patients (18 eyes) with congenital myopia of -8...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165381/factors-associated-with-the-need-for-and-the-impact-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-during-admissions-for-cardiac-surgery
#14
Salvatore Aiello, Rohit S Loomba
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine factors associated with the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) during admission for cardiac surgery (CS). A secondary aim was to determine how ECMO impacted length, cost, and mortality of the admission. METHODS: Data from the Kids' Inpatient Database (KIDS) were utilized. Admissions with CHD under 18 years of age with cardiac surgery were included. Need for ECMO in these admissions was then identified...
November 22, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165034/congenital-prosopagnosia-without-object-agnosia-a-literature-review
#15
Jacob Geskin, Marlene Behrmann
A longstanding controversy concerns the functional organization of high-level vision, and the extent to which the recognition of different classes of visual stimuli engages a single system or multiple independent systems. We examine this in the context of congenital prosopagnosia (CP), a neurodevelopmental disorder in which individuals, without a history of brain damage, are impaired at face recognition. This paper reviews all CP cases from 1976 to 2016, and explores the evidence for the association or dissociation of face and object recognition...
November 22, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164811/congenital-heart-defects-in-ivf-icsi-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Veronica Giorgione, Fabio Parazzini, Vlasta Fesslova, Sonia Cipriani, Massimo Candiani, Annalisa Inversetti, Cristina Sigismondi, Francesca Tiberio, Paolo Cavoretto
OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus in current practice guidelines whether IVF/ICSI conception represents an indication for performing a fetal echocardiogram. The aim of the study is to assess whether CHD occurs more often with the use of in-vitro-fertilization (IVF)/ intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) techniques as compared to spontaneous pregnancies. METHODS: A systematic search for studies in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and Scopus from inception to September 2017 was conducted...
November 22, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164804/biomaterials-and-advanced-technologies-for-hemostatic-management-of-bleeding
#17
REVIEW
DaShawn A Hickman, Christa L Pawlowski, Ujjal D S Sekhon, Joyann Marks, Anirban Sen Gupta
Bleeding complications arising from trauma, surgery, and as congenital, disease-associated, or drug-induced blood disorders can cause significant morbidities and mortalities in civilian and military populations. Therefore, stoppage of bleeding (hemostasis) is of paramount clinical significance in prophylactic, surgical, and emergency scenarios. For externally accessible injuries, a variety of natural and synthetic biomaterials have undergone robust research, leading to hemostatic technologies including glues, bandages, tamponades, tourniquets, dressings, and procoagulant powders...
November 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164568/cystic-hygroma-of-the-neck-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#18
C Damaskos, N Garmpis, M Manousi, A Garmpi, G-A Margonis, E Spartalis, C Doula, C Michail-Strantzia, N Patelis, D Schizas, P-T Arkoumanis, N Andreatos, G Tsourouflis, N Zavras, K Markatos, K Kontzoglou, E A Antoniou
OBJECTIVE: Malformations of the lymphatic system are recognized as benign congenital tumors that affect infant and children in the perinatal era. In children, these abnormalities usually found in the neck and the axillary region, but they can present in other parts of the body such as mediastinum, pelvis, retroperitoneum as well as in solid organs (e.g., adrenal glands, pancreas, stomach). Our aim is to report our experience on cystic hygromas via two cases and review the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herein we present two cases of cystic hygroma, the first of female children and the second of a female adult patient respectively...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164520/adrenal-myelolipoma-a-comprehensive-review
#19
REVIEW
Ábel Decmann, Pál Perge, Miklós Tóth, Peter Igaz
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal myelolipoma is an invariably benign neoplasm of the adrenal gland that is the second most common primary adrenal incidentaloma following adrenocortical adenomas. It is composed of elements of adipose tissue and extramedullary hematopoiesis. Hypotheses on stem cells and hormonal factors have been formulated regarding its pathogenesis that is still obscure. Despite its benign behavior, adrenal myelolipoma is clinically relevant as it might cause significant difficulties in the differential diagnosis of adrenal tumors...
November 21, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164423/successful-radical-surgical-resection-of-initially-unresectable-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-by-downsizing-chemotherapy-with-gemcitabine-plus-cisplatin-a-case-report
#20
Ryosuke Takayanagi, Shigetsugu Takano, Kensuke Sugiura, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Katsunori Furukawa, Tsukasa Takayashiki, Satoshi Kuboki, Atsushi Kato, Masaru Miyazaki, Masayuki Ohtsuka
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a subtype of biliary tract cancer (BTC). Recently, downsizing chemotherapy has been applied to initially unresectable BTCs, including ICC. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of liver resection in a 23-year-old woman who was diagnosed with initially unresectable ICC attached to the inferior vena cava, with portal vein (PV) cavernous transformation. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the para-aortic lymph nodes...
November 21, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
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