keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laparotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052073/laparoscopy-for-primary-cytoreduction-with-multivisceral-resections-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer-prospective-validation-the-times-they-are-a-changin
#1
Marcello Ceccaroni, Giovanni Roviglione, Francesco Bruni, Roberto Clarizia, Giacomo Ruffo, Matteo Salgarello, Michele Peiretti, Stefano Uccella
BACKGROUND: Primary cytoreduction is the mainstay of treatment for advanced ovarian cancer (AOC). We developed and prospectively evaluated an algorithm to investigate the possible role of laparoscopic primary cytoreduction (LPC) in carefully selected patients, with AOC. METHODS: From June 2007 to July 2015, all patients with stage III-IV ovarian cancer and clinical conditions allowing aggressive surgery were candidate to primary cytoreduction with the aim of achieving residual tumor (RT) = 0...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049233/pediatric-types-i-and-vi-choledochal-cysts-complicated-with-acute-pancreatitis-and-spontaneous-perforation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Ching-Chung Tsai, Po-Kai Huang, Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yu-Tsun Su, Ming-Chun Yang, Ming-Lun Yeh
RATIONALE: Choledochal cysts are a congenital disorder of the common bile duct that can cause progressive biliary obstruction and biliary cirrhosis. They were classified by Todani into five types. Of these, type VI choledochal cysts are rarely reported in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-month-old girl presented with intermittent epigastralgia for approximately 10 days and fever for three days. Fasting and total parenteral nutrition were administered after admission...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049170/case-report-of-a-congenital-duodenal-transverse-septum-causing-partial-obstruction
#3
Xingjun Guo, Yahong Yu, Min Wang, Renyi Qin
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal obstructions caused by congenital anatomic abnormalities are rare in adults. Several patients in whom the duodenal obstruction was caused by a congenital duodenal diaphragm have been described. The duodenal obstruction in the patient presented herein was caused by a transverse septum, which has not been previously reported. A transverse septum is usually observed in the vagina; those involving the digestive tract have been rarely observed. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report a case involving a 69-year-old woman with a congenital duodenal transverse septum causing partial obstruction...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046951/time-trends-in-colorectal-cancer-early-postoperative-mortality-a-french-25-year-population-based-study
#4
Sylvain Manfredi, Valérie Jooste, Caroline Gay, Jean Faivre, Antoine Drouillard, Anne-Marie Bouvier
BACKGROUND: Postoperative mortality after resection of colorectal cancer is an important issue. The aim of this study was to assess early postoperative mortality in a well-defined French population. METHODS: Data on 30- and 90-day postoperative mortality after resection for colorectal cancer were extracted from the digestive cancer registry of Burgundy. Time trends of postoperative mortality between 1989 and 2013 were described for the large population. Case-control studies (death within 30 or 90 days = cases, alive at 90 days = controls) focused on the association between postoperative mortality and surgical approach, obesity and other comorbidities over the last [2010-2013] period, using conditional logistic regressions...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046035/-laboratorial-alteration-preceding-staphylococcal-infection-clinical-manifestations-after-intestinal-transplantation
#5
Wilma Carvalho Neves Forte, Alliny Oliveira Carvalho Galvan, Pedro Salem Molino, Thais Roque, Tainá Mosca, Wangles Soler
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infection, often with Staphylococcus aureus, is an important complication in intestinal transplant. CLINICAL CASE: A 2-year-old girl underwent small bowel transplantation owing to a small bowel volvulus. On the first postoperative day, lymphocyte phenotypes, serum immunoglobulins and chemotactic and phagocytic activity of neutrophils were assessed in peripheral blood. A decrease in the ingestion phase of phagocytosis by neutrophils was identified, in comparison with the results of 20 healthy children...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044351/surgical-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-an-incredibly-low-birth-weight-infant-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
A Zangari, C Noviello, S Nobili, G Cobellis, C Gulia, R Piergentili, S Gigli, V Carnielli
Survival of preterm infants have dramatically improved over the last decades. Nonetheless, infants born preterm remain vulnerable to many complications, including necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). The severity of the disease and the mortality rate are directly correlated with decreasing gestational age and birth weight. Despite surgical treatment mortality rate remains very high in extremely premature infants, especially in newborns at the lowest limit of viability. Survival of infants of birth weight (BW) below 750 g has been increasingly reported in recent years, however the overall mortality in extremely low "BW" infants (ELBW) requiring surgery for NEC has not decreased over the past years...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043711/the-many-guises-of-endometriosis-giant-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-masquerading-as-an-incisional-hernia
#7
Chiara Petrosellini, Sala Abdalla, Tayo Oke
Endometriosis is defined by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Although it is a leading cause of chronic pelvic pain and infertility, its clinical presentation can vary, resulting in diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Extrapelvic endometriosis is particularly difficult to diagnose owing to its ability to mimic other conditions. Endometrial tissue in a surgical scar is uncommon and often misdiagnosed as a granuloma, abscess, or malignancy. Cyclical hemorrhagic ascites due to peritoneal endometriosis is exceptionally rare...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043710/pregnancy-in-non-communicating-rudimentary-horn-of-a-unicornuate-uterus
#8
Mania Kaveh, Abolfazl Mehdizadeh Kashi, Kambiz Sadegi, Forough Forghani
Diagnosis and management of pre-rupture stage of the pregnant horn are difficult and usually missed on a routine ultrasound scan. Also most cases are detected after rupture of pregnant horn. We presented a 28-year-oldG2 L1 woman with diagnosis of rudimentary horn pregnancy (RHP) at 14 weeks of gestation. We diagnosed her with a normal intrauterine pregnancy, whereas a pregnancy in a right-sided non-communicating rudimentary horn with massive hemoperitoneum was later discovered on laparotomy. RHP has a high risk of death for mother, so there must be a strong clinical suspicion for the diagnosis of RHP...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043696/-complete-and-inverted-esophagastric-duplicity
#9
J M Morán Penco, J Vázquez, E Forsheden Ahs, S Sanjuán Rodríguez, A Pairola, V García-Martínez
CASE REPORT: A 4-month old girl affected by gastric duplication discovered as a palpable abdominal mass displacing the spleen and left kidney. During laparotomy, a yellowish secretion is aspirated and the gastric duplication is excised together with the common muscular Wall of the greater curvature of the stomach. Also excised, a tubular structure starting from the inferior pole of the malformation, and communicating with it, passing superior to the head of the pancreas and the second portion of the duodenum, followed by a posterior course before inserting into the right cruz of the diaphragm...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043690/-prevention-of-the-wound-infection-little-changes-huge-results
#10
I Martínez Castaño, M J Aranda García, J M Sánchez Morote, R Ruiz Pruneda, M Fernández Ibieta, J Rojas Ticona, V Villamil, A Sánchez Sánchez, M C Giménez Aleixandre, J I Ruiz Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal surgical wound infection occurs in almost 50% of neonatal procedures. It increases the rates of morbimortality in neonatal units. There is no guidelines about prevention of wound infection in neonatal surgery. We present our results after changing our behaviour in neonatal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comparative study between 2 groups. In order to decrease wound infection at the end of the procedure gloves, covertures and surgical instruments were changed and saline and antiseptic solutions were used during laparotomy closing...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040479/quality-of-life-following-esophagectomy-with-three-field-lymphadenectomy-for-carcinoma-focusing-on-its-relationship-to-vocal-cord-palsy
#11
M Baba, T Aikou, S Natsugoe, C Kusano, M Shimada, S Nakano, T Fukumoto, H Yoshinaka
To clarify the quality of life of patients who underwent esophagectomy for carcinoma by right thoracotomy, laparotomy and cervical anastomosis, 116 patients who were cancer free at the time of mailing a questionnaire were analyzed. A significant decrease in vital capacity for 3 years postoperatively, as well as in the percentage of ideal body weight, between 3 and 5 years were observed in 57 patients with three-field lymphadenectomy. Patients' quality of life undergoing three-field dissection was worse than those with less radical lymphadenectomy (59 cases) in terms of the performance status and difficulty in talking at 60 months or more postoperatively...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040455/influence-of-deep-neuromuscular-block-on-the-surgeon%C3%A5-assessment-of-surgical-conditions-during-laparotomy-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-trial-with-rocuronium-and-sugammadex
#12
M V Madsen, S Scheppan, E Mørk, P Kissmeyer, J Rosenberg, M R Gätke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038776/torsion-of-an-accessory-hepatic-lobe-with-embedded-gallbladder-in-an-11-month-old-boy
#13
Chiman Lal Thakral, Ganji Shivalingam, Faizan Manzoor Dar, Nimish Thakral
An accessory lobe of the liver is a rare entity in clinical practice which is diagnosed incidentally. Infrequently, it may present as torsion with a clinical picture of an acute abdomen, a palpable mass, and may be associated with liver function abnormalities. Many of these patients have a history of previous surgery for congenital abdominal wall defects such as omphalocele. We present an extremely rare case of torsion of an accessory hepatic lobe in an 11-month-old male patient who presented in a state of shock...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037917/immunomodulation-after-radiofrequency-ablation-of-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-by-monitoring-the-immune-response-in-10-patients
#14
Alessandro Giardino, Giulio Innamorati, Stefano Ugel, Omar Perbellini, Roberto Girelli, Isabella Frigerio, Paolo Regi, Filippo Scopelliti, Giovanni Butturini, Salvatore Paiella, Matilde Bacchion, Claudio Bassi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: RFA of pancreatic cancer has been demonstrated to be feasible and safe with a positive impact on survival. The aim was to investigate whether an immune reaction is activated after locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) ablation. METHODS: Peripheral Blood samples were obtained preoperatively and on post-operative days 3-30. Evaluated parameters were: cells [CD4(+), CD8(+) and activated subsets, T-Reg, Monocytes, myeloid and plasmocytoid Dendritic cells (mDC and pDC)] and cytokines [Interleukin (IL)-6, Stromal-cells derived factor (SDF)-1, IL-1β, Tumour-Necrosis Factor (TNF)-α, Interferon (IFN)-γ, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL-5), Transforming-Growth Factor (TGF)-β]...
September 27, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037481/surgical-outcomes-among-elderly-women-with-endometrial-cancer-treated-by-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-nrg-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#15
Erin A Bishop, James J Java, Kathleen N Moore, Nick M Spirtos, Michael L Pearl, Oliver Zivanovic, David M Kushner, Floor Backes, Chad A Hamilton, Melissa A Geller, Jean Hurteau, Cara Mathews, Robert M Wenham, Pedro T Ramirez, Susan Zweizig, Joan L Walker
OBJECTIVE: Tolerance of and complications due to minimally invasive hysterectomy and staging in the older endometrial cancer population is largely unknown despite the fact that this is the most rapidly growing age group in the United States. The objective of this retrospective review is to compare operative morbidity by age in patients on the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) LAP2 trial. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients from GOG LAP2, a trial that included clinically early stage uterine cancer patients randomized to laparotomy vs...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036796/intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-leads-to-early-systemic-micro-rheological-and-multiorgan-microcirculatory-alterations-in-the-rat
#16
Anita Mester, Zsuzsanna Magyar, Viktoria Sogor, Bence Tanczos, Yoav Stark, Konstantin Cherniavsky, Laszlo Bidiga, Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a potentially life-threatening situation and its pathomechanism is not fully understood yet. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early micro-rheological, microcirculatory and morphological consequences of intestinal I/R in a rat model. METHODS: CD rats were anesthetized and subjected to Control (n = 7) or I/R (n = 7) groups. Left femoral artery cannulation and median laparotomy were performed...
October 7, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035661/outcome-of-laparoscopic-ovariohysterectomy-or-ovariectomy-in-dogs-with-von-willebrand-disease-or-factor-vii-deficiency-20-cases-2012-2014
#17
Thomas P Keeshen, J Brad Case, Jeffrey J Runge, Ameet Singh, Philipp D Mayhew, Michele A Steffey, William T N Culp
OBJECTIVE To describe surgical techniques and perioperative management of dogs with von Willebrand disease (VWD) or factor VII (FVII) deficiency undergoing laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy and evaluate outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 20 client-owned dogs with VWD (n = 16) or FVII deficiency (4). PROCEDURES Dogs with VWD or FVII deficiency that underwent laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy between 2012 and 2014 were retrospectively identified via a multi-institutional review of medical records...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034092/choosing-the-uterine-preservation-surgery-for-placental-polyp-determined-by-blood-flow-evaluation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Sumire Sorano, Tatsuya Fukami, Maki Goto, Sakiko Imaoka, Miho Ando, Yoko To, Sumie Nakamura, Hiroko Yamamoto, Fuyuki Eguchi, Hiroshi Tsujioka
BACKGROUND: A placental polyp is an intrauterine polypoid mass or pedunculated mass occurring from residual trophoblastic tissue following abortion, cesarean section or vaginal delivery. Recently uterine preservation surgery represented by transcervical resection (TCR) has been performed for placental polyps. However TCR without intravascular intervention, including uterine artery embolization (UAE) may cause profound bleeding which necessitate emergency laparotomy. METHODS: Seventeen cases of placental polyp were retrospectively examined...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033757/gallstone-ileus-an-unlikely-cause-of-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction
#19
Estela Abich, Daniel Glotzer, Edward Murphy
Gallstone ileus is a rare disease that accounts for 1-4% of intestinal obstructions. Almost exclusively a condition in the older female population, it is a difficult diagnosis to make. We report the case of gallstone ileus in a 94-year-old Caucasian female, who presented to the emergency department with acute-onset nausea, coffee-ground emesis, lack of bowel movement, and abdominal distension. On CT scan, the diagnosis of gallstone ileus was made by the presence of a cholecystoduodenal fistula, pneumobilia, and small bowel obstruction...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033516/primary-endovascular-intervention-for-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-performed-by-interventional-cardiologists-a-single-center-experience
#20
Tsung-Yan Chen, Chih-Horng Wu, Wen-Feng Hsu, Lin Lin, Ren-Huei Wang, Chao-Lun Lai, Kuei-Chin Tsai, Li-Ta Keng, Chih-Cheng Wu, Mu-Yang Hsieh
The current standard care for acute mesenteric ischemia (AMEI) involves urgent revascularization and resection of the necrotic bowel. Since 2012, we have used an AMEI protocol of our own design, which focused on early treatment and allowed interventional cardiologists to become involved when interventional radiologist was not available. A total of 8 patients were treated, and two interventional cardiologists performed all the stenting procedures. The procedure success rate was 100% in patients with non-calcified lesions (6/8)...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
keyword
keyword
65329
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"