keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laparotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470527/value-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-laparoscopy-for-patients-with-blunt-abdominal-trauma-a-10-year-medical-center-experience
#1
Heng-Fu Lin, Ying-Da Chen, Shyr-Chyr Chen
Laparoscopy has been used for the diagnosis and treatment for hemodynamically stable patients with penetrating abdominal trauma. This study evaluated whether diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy can be used as effectively in select patients with blunt abdominal trauma. All hemodynamically stable patients undergoing operations for blunt abdominal trauma over a 10-year period (2006-2015) at a tertiary medical center were included. Patients undergoing laparotomy were categorized as group A. Patients who underwent laparoscopy were categorized as group B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470163/abdominal-exploration-in-neonates-using-transumbilical-exposure-compared-with-transverse-laparotomies
#2
Hanna Alemayehu, Richard Sola, Nhatrang H Le, David Juang, Pablo Aguayo, Jason D Fraser, Shawn D St Peter
INTRODUCTION: The vertical transumbilical incision (TU) technique during neonatal abdominal exploration involves dissection and ligation of umbilical vessels, which allow access to all quadrants of the abdomen and complete bowel evisceration with minimal violation to the anterior abdominal wall. We compared patient characteristics and outcomes for neonates undergoing TU with standard transverse exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of neonates who underwent abdominal exploration between January 2010 and September 2015 was conducted after obtaining Institutional Review Board approval...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469635/in-the-experimental-model-of-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-the-correlation-of-blood-diagnostic-parameters-with-the-duration-of-ischemia-and-their-effects-on-choice-of-treatment
#3
Mikail Cakir, Dogan Yildirim, Fatma Sarac, Turgut Donmez, Semih Mirapoglu, Adnan Hut, Fazilet Erozgen, Omer Faruk Ozer, Melih Ozgun Gecer, Leyla Zeynep Tigrel, Oguzhan Tas
Purpose/Aim: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a syndrome characterized by sudden onset abdominal pain followed by intestinal necrosis. Morbidity and mortality increase with delayed diagnosis. Even with the latest radiological diagnostic methods, early diagnosis and initiation of treatment can be delayed. Using an experimental model, here we aim to determine the relationship between the laboratory parameters used to detect acute mesenteric ischemia and the duration of irreversible ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups, all of which underwent general anesthesia: (i) Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection with laparotomy was performed, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (Sham group); (ii) volvulus of one-third of the small intestines was performed manually by laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (Volvulus group); (iii) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (SMA+ligated 2-hr group); (iv) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 4 hr (SMA+ligated 4-hr group); and (v) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 6 hr (SMA+ligated 6-hr group)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466512/the-role-of-computerized-tomography-in-penetrating-abdominal-trauma
#4
Eduardo Lopes Martins Filho, Melissa Mello Mazepa, Camila Roginski Guetter, Silvânia Klug Pimentel
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the role of abdominal computed tomography in the management of penetrating abdominal trauma. METHODS: we conducted a historical cohort study of patients treated for penetrating trauma in the anterior abdomen, dorsum or thoracoabdominal transition, that were submitted to a computed tomography carried out on admission. We evaluated the location of the wound and the presence of tomographic findings, and the management of these patients as for nonoperative treatment or laparotomy...
February 19, 2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465601/postoperative-hemorrhage-caused-by-portal-hypertension-associated-with-autoimmune-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#5
Puzi Wang, Rongli Xie, Zhifeng Zhao, Jiajun Ren, Jian Fei
RATIONALE: Autoimmune pancreatitis is a form of chronic pancreatitis, characterized by diffused enlargement of the pancreas and irregular narrowing of the main pancreatic duct. The theory that portal hypertension is associated with autoimmune pancreatitis has not been emphasized. In addition, only a few studies report that the gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage caused by portal hypertension is associated with autoimmune pancreatitis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 61-year-old male with pancreas occupying lesion detected in a physical examination...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465585/occurrence-of-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-with-cholangiocarcinoma-25-years-after-choledochal-cyst-excision-a-case-report
#6
Conggui Zhang, Jianpeng Zhou, Kai Kou, Shouling Liu, Feng We, Guangyi Wang
RATIONALE: Choledochal cysts are a risk factor for the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Hence, complete surgical excision is the preferred treatment in most cases. However, cholangiocarcinoma still can develop from the remnant biliary system after surgical excision. Signet-ring cell carcinoma is a rare type of cancer of the biliary system, and the occurrence of signet-ring cell carcinoma after surgical excision of choledochal cysts has not been reported in the English literature to date...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465563/non-hodgkin-lymphoma-diagnostic-and-prognostic-particularities-in-children-a-series-of-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature-care-compliant
#7
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Emoke Horvath, Horea Gozar, Mihaela Ioana Chinceşan
RATIONALE: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an unpredictable condition in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: Our first case describes an 8-year-old boy with a history of iron deficiency anemia, admitted in our clinic for recurrent abdominal pain, weight loss, loss of appetite, diarrheic stools, and fever. The second case also describes an 8-year-old boy admitted for abdominal pain and vomiting. The 3rd case refers to a 4 years and 10 months old boy admitted in our clinic with abdominal pain and loss of appetite, who was initially admitted in the Pediatrics Surgery Clinic with the suspicion of appendicitis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462753/paracecal-hernia-with-intestinal-ischemia-treated-with-laparoscopic-assisted-surgery
#8
Koichi Inukai, Eri Tsuji, Shuhei Uehara
INTRODUCTION: Paracecal hernia is rare, and strangulation with ischemia has been infrequently observed in the limited number of published reports on paracecal hernias. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a case of an incarcerated paracecal hernia with resultant ischemic bowel that was successfully treated with laparoscopic-assisted surgery. A 54-year-old man who had not undergone any surgery previously presented to our hospital with abdominal pain and vomiting. An abdominal computed tomographic scan showed evidence of an intestinal obstruction at a paracecal site...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462737/pancreas-preserving-management-of-grade-c-pancreatic-fistula-and-a-novel-bridging-technique-for-repeat-pancreaticojejunostomy-an-observational-study
#9
Tao Ma, Xueli Bai, Wen Chen, Guogang Li, Mengyi Lao, Tingbo Liang
PURPOSE: Optimal surgical strategy for grade-C postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is not justified. External wirsungostomy is feasible. However, the subsequent repeat pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is challenging. This study aims to introduce our experience of external wirsungostomy for grade-C POPF and a novel technique to do the repeat PJ (re-PJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016, all consecutive patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with PJ were identified...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462500/antifibrinolytic-drugs-for-treating-primary-postpartum-haemorrhage
#10
REVIEW
Haleema Shakur, Danielle Beaumont, Sue Pavord, Angele Gayet-Ageron, Katharine Ker, Hatem A Mousa
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) - heaving bleeding within the first 24 hours after giving birth - is one of the main causes of death of women after childbirth. Antifibrinolytics, primarily tranexamic acid (TXA), have been shown to reduce bleeding in surgery and safely reduces mortality in trauma patients with bleeding without increasing the risk of adverse events.An earlier Cochrane review on treatments for primary PPH covered all the various available treatments - that review has now been split by types of treatment...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461612/the-hyperthermic-intraoperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-abdominopelvic-cancer-personal-experience-on-103-procedures-during-a-seventeen-year-period-in-a-single-italian-center
#11
D Di Miceli, C Cina, C Fiorillo, G B Doglietto, S Alfieri
OBJECTIVE: Integration of different therapeutic strategies in cancer surgery in the last years has led from treating primary lesions to the surgical treatment of metastases. The purpose of this paper is to report a single Italian center experience of treatment of peritoneal carcinosis of the abdominopelvic malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 103 HIPEC procedures were performed in 17 years on 94 selected patients affected by abdominopelvic cancer. The PCI score was calculated at laparotomy...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460725/surgical-treatment-of-recurrent-rectal-prolapse-in-an-adult-female-black-crested-mangabey-lophocebus-aterrimus-by-colopexy
#12
Sophie V Goodall, Sathya K Chinnadurai, Toni Kwan, Copper Aitken-Palmer
A 13-y-old, multiparous female black-crested mangabey (Lophocebus aterrimus) underwent surgical treatment for chronically recurring rectal prolapse by laparotomy and subsequent colopexy. Initially, a laparoscopic approach was attempted but was converted to an open approach after intraabdominal adhesions were noted. The colopexy was performed through a ventral midline incision, with no complications intraoperatively or postoperatively. The predisposing factors responsible for the development of this condition likely were related to pelvic floor weakness due to multiple past pregnancies...
February 1, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459812/-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-jejunum
#13
Rolando Vásquez Alva, Víctor Yuri Ramos Cabrera, Alejandro Yabar Berrocal
A 23-year old male patient with no history of importance was admitted to Emergency because of dark red stools, tendency to lethargy and hypotension, with significant anemia proceeding to perform on blood transfusion, upper endoscopy, abdominal angiotomography and arteriography with clinical diagnosis of Dieulafoy lesion motivated exploratory laparotomy finding injury vascular, the jejunum with active bleeding. The management of severe gastrointestinal bleeding with hemodynamic compromise and uncommon cause of arteriovenous malformation in the jejunum is discussed...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459613/complete-annular-pancreas-with-concurrent-entero-pancreatico-biliary-symptoms-in-adult-a-case-report
#14
M M Chowdhury, A A Ullah, R Karim, A Ahmed, S Mohammed, S A Sobhan, A A Farmidi, F Zuwaida, R Pradan, R Mahmud, B Rai, S Pervin, R Habib
Complete Annular pancreas (AP) is a rare congenital anomaly, often presented and operated at the early age of life. Adult presentation group usually presents with either biliary or duodenal or pancreatic symptoms. We report a case of 43 years old female presenting with concurrent enteric, biliary and pancreatic symptoms admitted on April 2016 in Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Department of BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh. A complete type of annular pancreas with partial duodenal stenosis and dilated common bile duct was observed during laparotomy...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459583/ruptured-cystic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-successfully-treated-with-urgent-cholecystectomy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Yuji Fujimoto, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hisanori Hatano, Kozo Noguchi, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Kazuteru Oshima, Tsukasa Tanida, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Keizo Dono
BACKGROUND Cystic artery pseudoaneurysm is rare, and some cases are associated with inflammation of the gallbladder. There is limited information regarding this condition, and the clinical features remain unclear. This report is a case of ruptured cystic artery pseudoaneurysm diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) imaging and treated with urgent cholecystectomy and is supported by a literature review of previous cases. CASE REPORT A 90-year-old man, who had developed acute cholecystitis due to a gallstone one month previously, was referred to our hospital...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459505/acute-hemorrhagic-diarrhea-syndrome-associated-with-contaminated-foreign-bodies-used-feminine-hygiene-products-in-a-golden-retriever-dog
#16
Seung-Il Yang, Jung-Hyun Kim, Soon-Wuk Jeong, Hyun-Jung Han
A one-year-old male Golden Retriever presented with acute onset of vomiting and hemorrhagic diarrhea since 2 days. The dog was depressed, showing abdominal pain, 12% dehydration, tachycardia, and a bounding pulse. Diagnostic imaging showed severe dilatation and fluid retention of the entire gastrointestinal tract with decreased motility. A foreign body was found in the gastroduodenal region, but there was no obstruction or plication. The dog was tentatively diagnosed with acute hemorrhagic diarrhea syndrome and rapidly recovered after supportive treatment...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458907/surgical-and-survival-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-staging-surgery-for-patients-with-stage-i-ovarian-cancer
#17
Chyi-Long Lee, Soshi Kusunoki, Chen-Yin Huang, Kai-Yun Wu, Pei-Shan Lee, Kuan-Gen Huang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and survival outcomes of laparoscopic staging for patients with stage I ovarian cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic staging surgery for stage I ovarian cancer from January 2002 to December 2014 were evaluated retrospectively by chart review. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients with mean age 43.9 ± 9.9 years and mean body mass index 24.0 ± 3.8 kg/m2 were included, in which 12 (50%) patients were in stage IA and 12 (50%) in stage IC...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458883/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-in-pregnancies-with-pulmonary-hypertension-experience-of-a-tertiary-center
#18
Zehra Nihal Dolgun, Cihan Inan, N Cenk Sayin
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancies complicated with PHT are serious debates for obstetricians due to high maternal and fetal complication potentials. The aim of the study was to present our maternofetal outcomes in pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed using data extracted from the medical files of 23 pregnancies of 18 patients with PHT who were followed-up in the obstetrics and gynecology department. RESULTS: The average age was 27...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458228/efficacy-of-epidural-analgesia-after-laparotomy-in-children
#19
Klarieke Bravenboer-Monster, Claudia Keyzer-Dekker, Monique van Dijk, Lonneke Staals, Tom de Leeuw, Rene Wijnen
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia (EDA) is used as postoperative pain treatment in children, but little is known about its efficacy after laparotomy in children. This retrospective study investigated the efficacy of postoperative EDA after laparotomy in children and the frequencies of adverse effects and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of all children aged 0 to 18 years undergoing laparotomy and treated with EDA in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were collected...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456987/effects-of-streptokinase-and-normal-saline-on-the-incidence-of-intra-abdominal-adhesion-1-week-and-1-month-after-laparotomy-in-rats
#20
Ali Hosseini, Sima Akhavan, Maziar Menshaei, Awat Feizi
Background: Intra-abdominal adhesions after surgery are usually in the form of bands and can annoy the patient throughout life causing repeated surgical procedures. Therefore, any action to prevent adhesions after surgery can increase longevity and quality of life. For this aim, this study investigates the effect of streptokinase and normal saline on the 7th day and 1 month after laparotomy. Materials and Methods: Experimental study was conducted on thirty healthy male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g with age of 3 months divided into three groups of 10...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
keyword
keyword
65329
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"