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Brewers yeast

Tomáš Řezanka, Irena Kolouchová, Linda Nedbalová, Karel Sigler
Enantiomers of triacylglycerols (TAGs) containing any combination of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and/or very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFAs) with diolein, dilinolein and didocosahexaenoin were synthesized. Gradient non-aqueous reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/high resolution atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (NARP-HPLC/HRMS2 -APCI) and chiral liquid chromatography were used for the separation and identification of molecular species of these TAGs...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Vassilios Raikos, Shannon B Grant, Helen Hayes, Viren Ranawana
Powdered β-glucan extracted from brewer's yeast (Yestimun, Leiber GmbH, Bramsche, Germany) was incorporated into skimmed-milk yogurt at varying concentrations (0.2-0.8% wt/wt) to investigate its potential application as a thickener. The effect of β-glucan fortification on the nutritional profile, microstructure, physicochemical properties, and texture of freshly prepared yogurts was investigated. Sensory evaluation was also conducted and was correlated with instrumental analysis. The addition of Yestimun significantly reduced the fermentation time of the yogurt mix from 4 h to 3 h...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Harish K Janagama, Tam Mai, Sukkhyun Han, Lourdes Nadala, Cesar Nadala, Mansour Samadpour
Background: Beer spoilage caused by wild yeast and bacteria is a major concern to both commercial and home brewers. Objective: To address this problem, Molecular Epidemiology Inc. (MEI, Seattle, WA) has developed a beer spoilage organism detection kit consisting of an enrichment media (BSE) and a multiplex PCR DNA dipstick that simultaneously detects these organisms within 2 h following enrichment. Methods: The kit was tested by using samples obtained from breweries located in the Greater Seattle area. Samples were spiked with the target microbes, when necessary, and used for assessing the performance characteristics of the DNA dipstick assay...
April 27, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
Z E Martins, O Pinho, I M P L V O Ferreira
The impact of bread fortification with β-glucans and with proteins/proteolytic enzymes from brewers' spent yeast on physical characteristics was evaluated. β-Glucans extraction from spent yeast cell wall was optimized and the extract was incorporated on bread to obtain 2.02 g β-glucans/100 g flour, in order to comply with the European Food Safety Authority guidelines. Protein/proteolytic enzymes extract from spent yeast was added to bread at 60 U proteolytic activity/100 g flour. Both β-glucans rich and proteins/proteolytic enzymes extracts favoured browning of bread crust...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
John Diaz-Montano, James F Campbell, Thomas W Phillips, James E Throne
Psocids have become global pests of stored commodities as they can cause considerable economic losses. These insects are difficult to control because they have developed resistance to many chemical insecticides. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate alternative integrated pest management (IPM) approaches, such as the use of light attraction for monitoring and/or controlling psocids. Light attraction has been studied for Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) but not for other psocid species...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
N Musco, S Calabrò, F Roberti, R Grazioli, R Tudisco, P Lombardi, M I Cutrignelli
Six Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall samples were tested by the in vitro gas production technique using dog faeces as inoculum. In particular, the substrates resulted from three different production processes (alcoholic_A, bakers_BA and brewers_BR) and were characterized by two different carbohydrates (mannans + glucans) concentrations nitrogen-free extract (NFE high and low). Gas production of fermenting cultures was recorded for 72 hr to estimate the fermentation profiles. The organic matter degradability (OMD), fermentation liquor pH, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and ammonia (NH3 ) productions were also measured...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Charles M Denby, Rachel A Li, Van T Vu, Zak Costello, Weiyin Lin, Leanne Jade G Chan, Joseph Williams, Bryan Donaldson, Charles W Bamforth, Christopher J Petzold, Henrik V Scheller, Hector Garcia Martin, Jay D Keasling
Flowers of the hop plant provide both bitterness and "hoppy" flavor to beer. Hops are, however, both a water and energy intensive crop and vary considerably in essential oil content, making it challenging to achieve a consistent hoppy taste in beer. Here, we report that brewer's yeast can be engineered to biosynthesize aromatic monoterpene molecules that impart hoppy flavor to beer by incorporating recombinant DNA derived from yeast, mint, and basil. Whereas metabolic engineering of biosynthetic pathways is commonly enlisted to maximize product titers, tuning expression of pathway enzymes to affect target production levels of multiple commercially important metabolites without major collateral metabolic changes represents a unique challenge...
March 20, 2018: Nature Communications
Barbara Polese, Emanuele Nicolai, Daniela Genovese, Viviana Verlezza, Carmine N La Sala, Marco Aiello, Marianna Inglese, Mariarosaria Incoronato, Giovanni Sarnelli, Tiziana De Rosa, Alfio Schiatti, Francesco Mondelli, Danilo Ercolini, Rosario Cuomo
Background: Europeans consume large quantities of bakery products, although these are known as one of the food categories that potentially leads to postprandial symptoms (such as fullness and bloating). Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sourdough baked goods on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal fermentation and symptoms in healthy people. Methods: In a double-blind, randomized crossover study, 2 sourdough croissants (SCs) or 2 brewer's yeast croissants (BCs) were served as single meals to 17 healthy adults [9 women; age range: 18-40 y; body mass index range (in kg/m2): 18-24]...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Nanwintoum Séverin Bimbilé Somda, Kounbobr Roch Dabiré, Hamidou Maiga, Hanano Yamada, Wadaka Mamai, Olivier Gnankiné, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Antoine Sanon, Jeremy Bouyer, Jeremie Lionel Gilles
BACKGROUND: Larval nutrition, particularly diet quality, is a key driver in providing sufficient numbers of high quality mosquitoes for biological control strategies such as the sterile insect technique. The diet currently available to mass rear Anopheles arabiensis, referred here to as the "IAEA diet", is facing high costs and difficulties concerning the availability of the bovine liver powder component. To promote more affordable and sustainable mosquito production, the present study aimed to find alternative diet mixtures...
December 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Madeha Shah, Zahida Parveen, Muhammad Rashid Khan
BACKGROUND: Saponins are the main constituents of genus Sapindus and have the therapeutic potential for inflammatory disorders. In this study the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic potential of the stem bark of soap nut (Sapindus mukorossi) methanol extract and its derived fractions has been investigated. METHODS: Powder of stem bark of the S. mukorossi was extracted with methanol (SMM) and fractionated in order of n-hexane (SMH), chloroform (SMC), ethyl acetate (SME), n-butanol (SMB) and the remaining as aqueous fraction (SMA)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Bogdan Łabędź, Aleksandra Wańczyk, Zenon Rajfur
Having determined the mass of a single cell of brewer yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by means of a microcantilever-based biosensor Cantisens CSR-801 (Concentris, Basel, Switzerland), it was found that its dry mass is 47,65 ± 1,05 pg. Found to be crucial in this mass determination was the cell position along the length of the cantilever. Moreover, calculations including cells positions on the cantilever provide a threefold better degree of accuracy than those which assume uniform mass distribution. We have also examined the influence of storage time on the single cell mass...
2017: PloS One
Weiliang Huang, Luke K Brewer, Jace W Jones, Angela T Nguyen, Ana Marcu, David S Wishart, Amanda G Oglesby-Sherrouse, Maureen A Kane, Angela Wilks
The Pseudomonas aeruginosaMetabolome Database (PAMDB, is a searchable, richly annotated metabolite database specific to P. aeruginosa. P. aeruginosa is a soil organism and significant opportunistic pathogen that adapts to its environment through a versatile energy metabolism network. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa is a model organism for the study of biofilm formation, quorum sensing, and bioremediation processes, each of which are dependent on unique pathways and metabolites. The PAMDB is modelled on the Escherichia coli (ECMDB), yeast (YMDB) and human (HMDB) metabolome databases and contains >4370 metabolites and 938 pathways with links to over 1260 genes and proteins...
January 4, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Arno Teblick, Hilde Jansens, Karolien Dams, Francis J Somville, Philippe G Jorens
Objective and Importance Boerhaave's syndrome is a sudden and rare form of oesophageal rupture and is often complicated by local or systemic infection of the mediastinum or pleural cavity. Several micro-organisms are documented as cause of pleural empyema in patients with Boerhaave's syndrome. Intervention (& Technique) We report on a previously healthy 74-year-old male who was admitted at a regional hospital with severe retrosternal and abdominal pain after an episode of vigorous vomiting the morning after ingestion of large quantity of beer...
November 5, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
Taku Ota, Keiko Kanai, Hisami Nishimura, Satoshi Yoshida, Hiroyuki Yoshimoto, Osamu Kobayashi
Crossbreeding is an effective approach to construct novel yeast strains with preferred characteristics; however, it is difficult to crossbreed strains of brewer's yeast, especially the bottom-fermenting yeast Saccharomyces pastorianus, because of the relative inefficiency of the available methods to obtain mating-competent cells (MCCs). Here, we describe a productive method for the isolation of MCCs without artificial genetic modification. We focused on the characteristics of two mating pheromone-supersensitive mutants, Δbar1 and Δsst2, that show a growth defect in the presence of the mating pheromone...
January 2018: Yeast
R Dangarembizi, K H Erlwanger, C Rummel, J Roth, M T Madziva, L M Harden
Brewer's yeast, derived from the yeast species Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae), is commonly used for inducing pyrexia in pharmacological studies screening antipyretics in rats. Despite its widespread use, the peripheral and central inflammatory response associated with Brewer's yeast-induced fever and sickness behavior in rats has not been investigated. Thus, we injected male Sprague-Dawley rats (150-200 g) subcutaneously with a high (4 g/kg, n = 9), medium (2 g/kg, n = 5) or low (0.4 g/kg, n = 6) dose of Brewer's yeast solution or saline (0...
February 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Joseph C Sanchez, Elizabeth X Kwan, Thomas J Pohl, Haley M Amemiya, M K Raghuraman, Bonita J Brewer
A form of dwarfism known as Meier-Gorlin syndrome (MGS) is caused by recessive mutations in one of six different genes (ORC1, ORC4, ORC6, CDC6, CDT1, and MCM5). These genes encode components of the pre-replication complex, which assembles at origins of replication prior to S phase. Also, variants in two additional replication initiation genes have joined the list of causative mutations for MGS (Geminin and CDC45). The identity of the causative MGS genetic variants strongly suggests that some aspect of replication is amiss in MGS patients; however, little evidence has been obtained regarding what aspect of chromosome replication is faulty...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
Joshua C Pol, Sebastian Ibarra Jimenez, Gerhard Gries
German cockroaches (GCRs), Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae), are attracted to those beer semiochemicals (e.g., ethanol) that formerly living and active yeasts have produced or otherwise formed in the brewing process. We predicted that an earlier step in the production of beer, where yeasts actively metabolize the sugar in malted barley powder (dry malt extract [DME]), is very attractive to GCRs. In laboratory experiments, a 3-component composition (3CC) comprising DME, water, and Brewer's yeast strongly attracted GCR nymphs, females, and males...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Tamara Babcock, Regine Gries, John Borden, Luis Palmero, Analía Mattiacci, Maité Masciocchi, Juan Corley, Gerhard Gries
The German yellowjacket, Vespula germanica F., and common yellowjacket, Vespula vulgaris L. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), are pests of significant economic, environmental, and medical importance in many countries. There is a need for the development and improvement of attractive baits that can be deployed in traps to capture and kill these wasps in areas where they are a problem. Yellowjackets are known to feed on fermenting fruit, but this resource is seldom considered as a bait due to its ephemeral nature and its potential attractiveness to nontarget species...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Jingjing Yang, Jinjing Wang, Yongxian Li, Feiyun Zheng, Junhui Zhong, Qi Li
Brewer's yeast is crucial in beer fermentation, mainly beer flavor diversity and stability. Beer flavor stability is one of the most influential beer quality aspects, and screening or breeding brewer's yeast with enhanced anti-staling capacity will be an effective solution. In recent decades, with the progress of genetic engineering and detailed description of brewer's yeast genome, great efforts have been made to improve brewer's yeast. This review highlights recent advances in classical and genetic engineering improvement of yeasts to produce more antioxidant compounds or less beer aging substances and precursors...
April 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Tomáš Řezanka, Irena Kolouchová, Lucia Gharwalová, Andrea Palyzová, Karel Sigler
Yeast lipids and fatty acids (FA) were analyzed in Saccharomyces pastorianus from seven breweries and in the dietary yeast supplement Pangamin. GC-MS identified more than 30 FA, half of which were very-long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) with hydrocarbon chain lengths of ≥22 C atoms. Positional isomers ω-9 and ω-7 were identified in FA with C18-C28 even-numbered alkyl chains. The most abundant ω-7 isomer was cis-vaccenic acid. The structure of monounsaturated FA was proved by dimethyl disulfide adducts (position of double bonds and cis geometric configuration) and by GC-MS of pyridyl carbinol esters...
December 2017: Lipids
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