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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933424/the-use-of-the-functional-independence-measure-in-elderly
#1
Dâmarys Kohlbeck de Melo Neu Ribeiro, Maria Helena Lenardt, Tânia Maria Lourenço, Susanne Elero Betiolli, Marcia Daniele Seima, Carlos Alberto Guimarães
OBJECTIVES: To analyze in scientific publications how the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) has been employed to evaluate the elderly. METHODS: Integrative review of periodical publications between 2011 and 2015, available online in full-text in Portuguese, English and Spanish. RESULTS: 129 articles were found; after the application of the criteria, they resulted in 21. The studies were categorized into two groups: A) follow or compare scores in FIM (cohort studies, case-control, clinical trials), focusing on rehabilitation, evaluation of programs and changes in the functional level after procedures/interventions; and B) measure/associate the functionality of the elderly (cross-sectional studies), focused on evaluation protocols in elderly health and associations to the caregiver burden, hospital stay, balance, satisfaction with life, cognition and clinical/socio-demographic aspects...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933326/the-history-of-panlar-throughout-its-evolution
#2
Carlo V Caballero-Uribe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933316/osteoma-cutis-arising-in-common-blue-nevus-blue-osteonevus-a-clinicopathologic-immunohistochemical-and-dermoscopic-study
#3
Joaquín López-Robles, Alejandra Pérez-Plaza, Luis Requena, Carlos Santonja
Osteonevus of Nanta is a rare histopathologic variant of melanocytic nevus that results from ossification of the dermis between dermal nests of melanocytes. Most cases described in the literature have been associated with long-standing intradermal nevi and were often located in the upper part of the body. We report a lesion on the shoulder of an elderly man showing the association of a common blue nevus and osteoma cutis, an exceptional feature which has been previously reported in 2 instances. We also describe for the first time the dermoscopic appearance of this "blue osteonevus...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933277/phototherapy-on-management-of-creatine-kinase-activity-in-general-versus-localized-exercise-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Aryane Flauzino Machado, Jéssica Kirsch Micheletti, Jaqueline Santos Silva Lopes, Franciele Marques Vanderlei, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Jayme Netto Junior, Carlos Marcelo Pastre
OBJECTIVE: The main focus of this systematic review was to determine the efficacy of phototherapy in the management of creatine kinase (CK) activity after exercise and furthermore to identify for which exercise model protocol phototherapy provides the best results. DESIGN: Meta-analysis comparing phototherapy with a control condition. SETTING: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and CENTRAL databases were searched from their earliest records to October 03, 2016...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933167/molecular-and-cellular-effects-of-temperature-in-oysters-crassostrea-brasiliana-exposed-to-phenanthrene
#5
Daína Lima, Flávia Lucena Zacchi, Jacó Joaquim Mattos, Fabrício Flores-Nunes, Carlos Henrique Araújo de Miranda Gomes, Álvaro Cavaler Pessoa de Mello, Marília Nardelli Siebert, Clei Endrigo Piazza, Satie Taniguchi, Silvio Tarou Sasaki, Márcia Caruso Bícego, Maria João Bebianno, Eduardo Alves de Almeida, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy
Exposure of aquatic organisms to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), such as phenanthrene (PHE), may increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cause changes in the biotransformation systems. In addition, changes in water temperature can cause adverse effects in the organisms. Estuarine species, like the oyster Crassostrea brasiliana, can adapt and tolerate temperature variation. To evaluate the influence of temperature on biological responses of C. brasiliana exposed to PHE, oysters were maintained at three temperatures (18, 24 and 32 °C) for 15 days and co-exposed afterwards to 100 μg...
June 15, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933142/estimating-economic-and-environmental-trade-offs-of-managing-nitrogen-in-australian-sugarcane-systems-taking-agronomic-risk-into-account
#6
John Kandulu, Peter Thorburn, Jody Biggs, Kirsten Verburg
Use of chemical agricultural inputs such as nitrogen fertilisers (N) in agricultural production can cause diffuse source pollution thereby degrading the health of coastal and marine ecosystems in coastal river catchments. Previous reviewed economic assessments of N management in agricultural production seldom consider broader environmental impacts and uncertain climatic and economic conditions. This paper presents an economic risk framework for assessing economic and environmental trade-offs of N management strategies taking into account variable climatic and economic conditions...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933043/detection-of-immune-complexes-and-evaluation-of-alcoholic-individuals-serological-profile-in-the-diagnosis-of-strongyloidiasis
#7
Alana A S Gonçalves, Camila A de Lopes, Henrique T Gonzaga, Ana Lúcia R Gonçalves, Marcelo A Levenhagen, Luiz Carlos M de Oliveira, Julia M Costa-Cruz
Strongyloidiasis is a human parasitosis that is considered a public health problem. Early diagnosis of this infection is extremely important in immunocompromised patients (i.e. subjects with alcoholism). This study aimed to evaluate anti-Strongyloides immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA), assess levels of circulating immune complexes (IC) and determine IgG avidity in serum samples from alcoholic and nonalcoholic individuals. A total of 140 blood samples were collected from male individuals (70 alcoholic and 70 nonalcoholic subjects)...
June 19, 2018: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933027/a-previously-undescribed-hexapeptide-his-arg-phe-leu-arg-his-nh-2-from-amphibian-skin-secretion-shows-co-2-and-metal-biding-affinities
#8
Diego A T Pires, Luisa M R Arake, Luciano P Silva, Alejandro Lopez-Castillo, Maura V Prates, Claudia J Nascimento, Carlos Bloch
A previously undescribed six residues long peptide His-Arg-Phe-Leu-Arg-His was identified and purified from the skin secretion of the amphibian Phyllomedusa centralis. A synthetic analogue carboxyamidated HRFLRH-NH2 showed structural changes induced by CO2 and metal ions in aqueous solution when analyzed by NMR. The present work reports NMR structures for the carboxyamidated hexapeptide in the presence CO2 , Zn2+ and Cd2+ , suggesting possible affinity regions on the polypeptide chain for each ligand. The NMR structures were optimized by DFT to identify probable biding sites of these species in the polypeptide structure...
June 19, 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933014/new-insights-on-the-anti-inflammatory-potential-and-safety-profile-of-thymus-carnosus-and-thymus-camphoratus-essential-oils-and-their-main-compounds
#9
Mónica Zuzarte, Jorge M Alves-Silva, Melissa Alves, Carlos Cavaleiro, Lígia Salgueiro, Maria Teresa Cruz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Thymus camphoratus and T. carnosus are widely used in Portugal for the treatment of inflammatory-related conditions, such as inflammation of the respiratory tract, being the later also used as an antitussive. AIM OF THE STUDY: Bearing in mind the lack of scientific studies focused on the pharmacological activity of Thymus camphoratus and T. carnosus, this work was designed to validate the anti-inflammatory properties ascribed to these traditional species and concomitantly to unveil both the putative molecular mechanisms behind their bioactivity as well as the safety profile of their essential oils and major compounds...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932894/fructose-1-6-bisphosphate-preserves-glucose-metabolism-integrity-and-reduces-reactive-oxygen-species-in-the-brain-during-experimental-sepsis
#10
Anderson V Catarina, Carolina Luft, Samuel Greggio, Gianina T Venturin, Fernanda Ferreira, Eduardo P Marques, Letícia Rodrigues, Krista Wartchow, Marina C Leite, Carlos A Gonçalves, Angela T S Wyse, Jaderson C Da Costa, Jarbas R De Oliveira, Gisele Branchini, Fernanda B Nunes
Sepsis is one of the main causes of hospitalization and mortality in Intensive Care Units. One of the first manifestations of sepsis is encephalopathy, reported in up to 70% of patients, being associated with higher mortality and morbidity. The factors that cause sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) are still not well known, and may be multifactorial, as perfusion changes, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and glycolytic metabolism alterations. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP), a metabolite of the glycolytic route, has been reported as neuroprotective agent...
June 19, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932765/incomplete-assumptions-and-treatment-options-affect-the-results-of-a-monte-carlo-simulation-of-two-screening-mammography-strategies
#11
Linda Moy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932726/probing-the-time-structure-of-the-quark-gluon-plasma-with-top-quarks
#12
Liliana Apolinário, José Guilherme Milhano, Gavin P Salam, Carlos A Salgado
The tiny droplets of quark gluon plasma (QGP) created in high-energy nuclear collisions experience fast expansion and cooling with a lifetime of a few fm/c. Despite the information provided by probes such as jet quenching and quarkonium suppression, and the excellent description by hydrodynamical models, direct access to the time evolution of the system remains elusive. We point out that the study of hadronically decaying W bosons, notably in events with a top-antitop quark pair, can provide key novel insight into the time structure of the QGP...
June 8, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932690/time-of-flight-measurements-as-a-possible-method-to-observe-anyonic-statistics
#13
R O Umucalılar, E Macaluso, T Comparin, I Carusotto
We propose a standard time-of-flight experiment as a method for observing the anyonic statistics of quasiholes in a fractional quantum Hall state of ultracold atoms. The quasihole states can be stably prepared by pinning the quasiholes with localized potentials and a measurement of the mean square radius of the freely expanding cloud, which is related to the average total angular momentum of the initial state, offers direct signatures of the statistical phase. Our proposed method is validated by Monte Carlo calculations for ν=1/2 and 1/3 fractional quantum Hall liquids containing a realistic number of particles...
June 8, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932451/lanthanide-induced-relaxation-anisotropy
#14
Elizaveta A Suturina, Kevin Mason, Carlos F G C Geraldes, Nicholas F Chilton, David Parker, Ilya Kuprov
Lanthanide ions accelerate nuclear spin relaxation by two primary mechanisms: dipolar and Curie. Both are commonly assumed to depend on the length of the lanthanide-nucleus vector, but not on its direction. Here we show experimentally that this is wrong - careful proton relaxation data analysis in a series of isostructural lanthanide complexes (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) reveals angular dependence in both Curie and dipolar relaxation. The reasons are: (a) that magnetic susceptibility anisotropy can be of the same order of magnitude as the isotropic part (contradicting the unstated assumption in Guéron's theory of the Curie relaxation process), and (b) that zero-field splitting can be much stronger than the electron Zeeman interaction (Bloembergen's original theory of the lanthanide-induced dipolar relaxation process makes the opposite assumption)...
June 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932372/fibrin-patch-influences-the-expression-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAbp65-factors-on-ischemic-intestinal-anastomosis
#15
Carlos García-Vásquez, María J Fernández-Aceñero, Soledad García Gómez-Heras, Carlos Pastor
The intestinal anastomotic failure is one of the most severe complications in gastrointestinal surgery. Despite the great surgical improvements during the last decade, anastomotic leak rates remain practically the same, with a dramatically high grade of morbidity for patients. Leakages are usually the final consequence of ischemia in the anastomosis, leading to tissue hypoxia. In response to hypoxia, the cell orchestrates a variety of coordinated responses in order to restore oxygen homeostasis. The molecular mechanism of hypoxia sensitivity involves oxygen sensing hydroxylases, prolyl-hydroxylases, orchestrating two main transcription factors related to induction of inflammation and angiogenesis, namely nuclear factor-κB and hypoxia-inducible factors...
June 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932365/changes-in-resting-state-connectivity-in-pediatric-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#16
Fabio Grassia, Andrew V Poliakov, Sandra L Poliachik, Kaitlyn Casimo, Seth D Friedman, Hillary Shurtleff, Carlo Giussani, Edward J Novotny, Jeffrey G Ojemann, Jason S Hauptman
OBJECTIVE Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) is a form of fMRI that allows for analysis of blood oxygen level-dependent signal changes within a task-free, resting paradigm. This technique has been shown to have efficacy in evaluating network connectivity changes with epilepsy. Presurgical data from patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy were evaluated using the fcMRI technique to define connectivity changes within and between the diseased and healthy temporal lobes using a within-subjects design...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932203/sequential-evaporation-of-water-molecules-from-protonated-water-clusters-measurement-of-the-velocity-distributions-of-the-evaporated-molecules-and-statistical-analysis
#17
F Berthias, L Feketeová, H Abdoul-Carime, F Calvo, B Farizon, M Farizon, T D Märk
Velocity distributions of neutral water molecules evaporated after collision induced dissociation of protonated water clusters H+(H2O)n≤10 were measured using the combined correlated ion and neutral fragment time-of-flight (COINTOF) and velocity map imaging (VMI) techniques. As observed previously, all measured velocity distributions exhibit two contributions, with a low velocity part identified by statistical molecular dynamics (SMD) simulations as events obeying the Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics and a high velocity contribution corresponding to non-ergodic events in which energy redistribution is incomplete...
June 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932156/flash-smelting-copper-concentrates-spectral-emission-measurements
#18
Luis Arias, Sergio Torres, Carlos Toro, Eduardo Balladares, Roberto Parra, Claudia Loeza, Camilo Villagrán, Pablo Coelho
In this paper, we report on spectral features emitted by a reaction shaft occurring in flash smelting of copper concentrates containing sulfide copper minerals such as chalcopyrite (CuFeS₂), bornite (Cu₅FeS₄) and pyrite (FeS₂). Different combustion conditions are addressed, such as sulfur-copper ratio and oxygen excess. Temperature and spectral emissivity features are estimated for each case by using the two wavelength method and radiometric models. The most relevant results have shown an increasing intensity behavior for higher sulfur-copper ratios and oxygen contents, where emissivity is almost constant along the visible spectrum range for all cases, which validates the gray body assumption...
June 22, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932141/a-novel-class-of-cationic-and-non-peptidic-small-molecules-as-hits-for-the-development-of-antimicrobial-agents
#19
Aranza Jiménez, Pablo García, Sofia de la Puente, Andrés Madrona, María José Camarasa, María-Jesús Pérez-Pérez, José-Carlos Quintela, Francisco García-Del Portillo, Ana San-Félix
Cationic and non-peptide small molecules containing a total of six positive charges arranged on one side and a long aliphatic tail on the other have been synthesized and tested against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The positive charges have been contributed by two aminophenol residues. These molecules have showed remarkable antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria including multidrug-resistant strains. Our structure⁻activity relationship studies demonstrated the importance of the length and flexibility of the hydrophobic tail for the antimicrobial activity...
June 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932096/ancient-treatment-for-lice-a-source-of-suggestions-for-carriers-of-other-infectious-diseases
#20
Stefano Manfredini, Carlo Contini
Louse infestation is one of the oldest contagious pestilential diseases of humankind, which has recently re-emerged in several developing countries as well as in homeless individuals and migrants. The present work provides the first phase of an historical excursus of louse remedies based on the classics of pharmaceutical literature, codes, pharmacopoeia and treatises. The second phase involves a literature search, based on the principal medical databases (SciFinder, Pubmed, Google Scholar, ISI-Web of Science and Scopus), to match ancient raw materials and active principles for the treatment of pediculosis and their possible applications, with other current infectious pathologies transmitted by different carriers...
June 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
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