keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Carlos

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668141/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-tuberculosis-and-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-bogot%C3%A3
#1
Magda Beltrán-León, Francy Pérez-Llanos, Liliana Sánchez, Carlos Parra-López, Myriam Navarrete, Ricardo Sánchez, Carlos Awad, Ana María Granada, Edgardo Quintero, Óscar Briceño, Óscar Cruz, Martha Isabel Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most widely distributed infectious diseases worldwide. It is the most common cause of mortality among AIDS patients. In Colombia, 12,918 tuberculosis cases were notified, and 926 deaths were reported in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to mycobacterial infections in HIVpositive patients in two public hospitals from Bogotá. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was carried out by an active search for tuberculosis cases and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in HIV-positive patients...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668135/-costs-of-chagas-disease-screening-test-in-blood-donors-in-two-colombian-blood-banks-2015
#2
Nelson José Alvis, Diana Patricia Díaz, Liliana Castillo, Nelson Rafael Alvis, María Isabel Bermúdez, Olga Maritza Berrío, Mauricio Beltrán, Carlos Andrés Castañeda-Orjuela
INTRODUCTION: Transfusion is a mechanism of transmission of Chagas' disease. There are no studies on the costs of the screening test in Colombian blood banks. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the costs of the screening test for Chagas' disease among blood donors in two Colombian blood banks, 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a micro-costing study from the perspective of the health care provider to estimate the cost of Chagas' disease testing in two blood banks, Banco de Sangre de la Cruz Roja, Seccional Bolívar, and Banco de Sangre del Hospital de Yopal, Casanare, taking into account four cost categories: 1) Administrative costs: public services and insurance costs were calculated based on the blood bank area in square meters; 2) capital costs: building and equipment costs that were annualized using a 3% discount rate and a lifespan of 20 years for building and five for equipment; 3) costs of Chagas' disease test materials and reagents adjusted by blood bank production level, and 4) costs of staff in charge of Chagas' disease test processing...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668124/a-reduced-dose-of-fluconazole-as-primary-antifungal-prophylaxis-is-not-associated-with-increased-risk-of-invasive-fungal-infections-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-from-a-hla-identical-sibling
#3
B Sarina, J Mariotti, S Bramanti, L Morabito, R Crocchiolo, A Rimondo, F Tordato, D Pocaterra, E Casari, Chiara De Philippis, C Carlo-Stella, A Santoro, L Castagna
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infections (IFI) represent a common side effect of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT), resulting in increased non relapse mortality (NRM) and reduced overall survival (OS) rates. 75-days of Fluconazole 400 mg/day represents the standard primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP) after allo-SCT, especially for low-risk transplants. However, the ideal dosage of fluconazole has never been tested. METHODS: Here we report the experience of our institution on 113 consecutive patients receiving an allo-SCT from a HLA identical sibling between 1999 and 2015, where PAP consisted of fluconazole 100 mg/day only during the pre-engraftment phase...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668077/jc-and-bk-virus-dna-detection-in-archival-slides-of-urine-cytospin-from-renal-transplant-patients
#4
Patricia Assis, Carlos Eduardo Carvalho, Marcelo Soares Silva, Bruna Ribeiro, Maria da Gloria Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Although identifying cytological viral inclusions (decoy cells) in the urine is relatively easy, distinguishing between Polyomaviruses BKV and JCV is not possible. Few studies have been published regarding JCV detection in kidney transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of BKV and JCV DNA in archival slides of urine cytospin material from renal transplant patients. METHODS: A total of 44 urine specimens were evaluated cytologically for the presence of viral inclusions (decoy cells) and by nested polymerase chain reaction to differentiate between JCV and BKV in DNA isolated from archival slides of urine cytospin material...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667992/naked-eye-and-electrochemical-detection-of-isothermally-amplified-hotair-long-non-coding-rna
#5
Md Nazmul Islam, Sofia Moriam, Muhammad Umer, Hoang-Phuong Phan, Carlos Salomon, Richard Kline, Nam-Trung Nguyen, Muhammad J A Shiddiky
An inexpensive, simple and rapid sensor platform capable of detecting cancer-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) with high accuracy is of great interest in the field of molecular diagnostics. Herein, we report on the development of a new colorimetric and electrochemical assay platform for long non-coding HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) detection. Isothermal reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA) was performed to amplify HOTAIR sequences from a RNA pool extracted from a designated number of ovarian cancer cells and a small cohort of plasma samples derived from patients with ovarian cancer...
April 18, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667911/experimental-heat-stress-nephropathy-and-liver-injury-are-improved-by-allopurinol
#6
Carlos A Roncal-Jimenez, Yuka Sato, Tamara Milagres, Ana Andres-Hernando, Gabriela E Garcia, Petter Bjornstad, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Cecilia Sorensen, Lee Newman, Lyndsay Krisher, Magdalena Madero, Jason Glaser, Ramon Garcia-Trabannino, Emmanuel Jarquin-Romero, Zhilin Song, Thomas Jensen, Masanari Kuwabara, Bernardo Rodriguez-Iturbe, Laura-Gabriela Sanchez-Lozada, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson
BACKGROUND: An epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been observed in Central America among workers in the sugarcane fields. One hypothesis is that the CKD may be caused by recurrent heat stress and dehydration, and potentially by hyperuricemia. Accordingly, we developed a murine model of kidney injury associated with recurrent heat stress. In the current experiment, we tested whether treatment with allopurinol (a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that reduces serum urate) provides renal protection against recurrent heat stress and dehydration...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667701/an-opinion-on-mistreatment-faced-by-student-nurses-during-clinical
#7
Sandra Renee Henley, Carolyn J Horner, Nautika Wills-Smith, Carlos Paxtor, Rodrigues Perry, Hillary O'Cain, Kimberly Samuel-White, Brittany Roseborough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667581/relation-between-bioresorbable-scaffold-sizing-using-qca-dmax-and-long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-1-232-patients-from-3-study-cohorts-absorb-cohort-b-absorb-extend-and-absorb-ii
#8
Yuki Katagiri, Yoshinobu Onuma, Taku Asano, Ply Chichareon, Carlos Collet, Yosuke Miyazaki, Jan J Piek, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Alexandre Abizaid, John A Ormiston, Bernard Chevalier, Patrick W Serruys
AIMS: This study sought to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes related to scaffold sizing based on quantitative coronary angiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1,248 patients who received Absorb bioresorbable scaffolds in the ABSORB Cohort B, ABSOR EXTEND, ABSORB II trials were included in the analysis. The incidence of MACE (a composite of cardiac death, any myocardial infarction [MI], and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization [ID-TLR]) was analysed according to the Dmax subclassification of oversized scaffold group versus non-oversized (any undersize) scaffold group...
April 17, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667547/new-markers-for-predicting-fertility-of-the-male-gametes-in-the-post-genomic-age
#9
Savina Dipresa, Luca De Toni, Carlo Foresta, Andrea Garolla
A number of test have been proposed to assess male fertility potential, ranging from routine testing by light microscopic method for evaluating semen samples, to screening test for DNA integrity aimed to look at sperm chromatin abnormalities. Spermatozoa are an extremely differentiated cell, they have critical functions for embryo development and heredity, in addiction to delivering a haploid paternal genome to the oocyte. Towards this goal certain requirements must always be met. The ability of spermatozoa to perform its reproductive function taking place in the spermatogenesis, a highly specialized process depending on multiple factors with effect on male fertility...
April 18, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667545/molecular-bases-of-sperm-thermotaxis-old-and-new-knowledges
#10
Luca De Toni, Savina Dipresa, Carlo Foresta, Andrea Garolla
Sperm thermotaxis, namely the temperature-oriented motility of sperm cells, is a key process involved in ejaculated sperm guidance towards the oocyte for fertilization pourposes. Since its discovery in 2003, many studies clarified the dynamic, the sensitivity and the overall weight of this process in the comprehensive context of fertilization. However, the identification of sperm thermosensor/s remained elusive until recently. The most recent cues about the molecular bases of the old known process of thermotaxis are here revised...
April 18, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667275/clinicopathological-significance-of-mir-26-mir-107-mir-125b-and-mir-203-in-head-and-neck-carcinomas
#11
Wilfredo Alejandro González-Arriagada, Pablo Olivero, Belén Rodríguez, Carlo Lozano-Burgos, Carine Ervolino de Oliveira, Ricardo D Coletta
OBJECTIVES: MicroRNAs play a role in the development and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). Our aim was to study the expression of miR-26, miR-107, miR-125b and miR-203 in primary HNSCC with and without lymph node metastasis and their clinicopathological significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of microRNAs in primary HNSCC with lymph node metastasis (n=16), and their matched lymph node, as well as primary tumours without metastasis (n=16), were determined by quantitative RT-PCR, and analysed with clinicopathological features and survival...
April 18, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667153/supplemented-amino-acids-may-enhance-the-walking-recovery-of-elderly-subjects-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#12
Roberto Aquilani, Carlo Zuccarelli Ginetto, Carla Rutili, Pietro Pisano, Evasio Pasini, Eleonora Baldissarro, Manuela Verri, Federica Boschi
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether supplemented essential amino acids (EAAs) could enhance rehabilitation therapy (Rehab) for recovery of walking capacity in subjects after hip fracture surgery (HFS). Eighty-three elderly subjects with HFS (20 ± 11 days after acute trauma) were eligible for the study and randomized to receive Rehab only (Rehab; n = 27), Rehab + placebo (RP; n = 28) or Rehab + EAAs (RE 8 g/day; n = 28). The patients' walking capacity (m) was measured by 6-min walking distance (6MWD) at admission and at discharge (median 66 days after admission)...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667128/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-protects-and-prevents-paraquat-induced-oxidative-stress-and-neurodegeneration-in-knockdown-dj-1-%C3%AE-drosophila-melanogaster
#13
Daniel A Martinez-Perez, Marlene Jimenez-Del-Rio, Carlos Velez-Pardo
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyhydroxyphenol constituent of green tea (e.g., Camellia sinensis) with known antioxidant properties. Due to these properties, others have proposed it as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Previously, we demonstrated that EGCG prolonged the lifespan and locomotor activity in wild-type Canton-S flies exposed to the neurotoxicant paraquat (PQ), suggesting neuroprotective properties. Both gene mutations and environmental neurotoxicants (e...
April 17, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667046/radiotherapy-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-clinical-and-dosimetric-aspects
#14
Giulia Riva, Ombretta Alessandro, Ruggero Spoto, Annamaria Ferrari, Cristina Garibaldi, Federica Cattani, Rosa Luraschi, Elena Rondi, Nicola Colombo, Fulvio Lorenzo Francesco Giovenzana, Carlo Maria Cipolla, Mikolaj Winnicki, Martina Persiani, Fabiana Castelluccia, Massimo Sarra Fiore, Roberto Orecchia, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa
As a result of aging, the number of patients with cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) requiring radiotherapy (RT) continues to rise. The aim of this work was to evaluate RT-related malfunctions of CIED in a cohort of patients who underwent RT in our clinic from June 2010 to December 2016. We retrospectively analyzed 93 RT treatments in 63 patients with CIEDs. Patients were treated with 3D conformal RT, intensity-modulated RT and stereotactic RT. We collected clinical characteristics of cancer, models of CIEDs, total RT dose to tumor and radiation energy...
April 17, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666978/spike-timing-precision-of-neuronal-circuits
#15
Deniz Kilinc, Alper Demir
Spike timing is believed to be a key factor in sensory information encoding and computations performed by the neurons and neuronal circuits. However, the considerable noise and variability, arising from the inherently stochastic mechanisms that exist in the neurons and the synapses, degrade spike timing precision. Computational modeling can help decipher the mechanisms utilized by the neuronal circuits in order to regulate timing precision. In this paper, we utilize semi-analytical techniques, which were adapted from previously developed methods for electronic circuits, for the stochastic characterization of neuronal circuits...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666712/eustachian-valve-endocarditis-echocardiographic-diagnosis-in-a-critical-care-patient
#16
Mariana Alves, Rita Faria, António Messias, Carlos Meneses-Oliveira
Eustachian valve endocarditis is rare. A literature review revealed that only 29 cases have been reported and, among them, there is only one mention of an intensive care unit (ICU) admission. We present an 82-year-old man without previous medical records who presented with septic shock with multiple organ dysfunction. The patient was admitted to the ICU and deteriorated with combined shock (septic + cardiogenic). A second ultrasound screen detected a prominent Eustachian valve with mobile multilobulated vegetation attached...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666667/impact-of-the-timing-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-overt-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-on-yield-and-rebleeding-rate-is-sooner-than-14-d-advisable
#17
Catarina Gomes, Rolando Pinho, Adélia Rodrigues, Ana Ponte, Joana Silva, Jaime Pereira Rodrigues, Mafalda Sousa, João Carlos Silva, João Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the impact of the timing of capsule endoscopy (CE) in overt-obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). METHODS: Retrospective, single-center study, including patients submitted to CE in the setting of overt-OGIB between January 2005 and August 2017. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the timing of CE (≤ 48 h; 48 h-14 d; ≥ 14 d). The diagnostic and therapeutic yield (DY and TY), the rebleeding rate and the time to rebleed were calculated and compared between groups...
April 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666658/phylogenetic-analysis-of-dengue-virus-in-bangkalan-madura-island-east-java-province-indonesia
#18
Teguh Hari Sucipto, Tomohiro Kotaki, Kris Cahyo Mulyatno, Siti Churrotin, Amaliah Labiqah, Soegeng Soegijanto, Masanori Kameoka
Dengue virus (DENV) infection is a major health issue in tropical and subtropical areas. Indonesia is one of the biggest dengue endemic countries in the world. In the present study, the phylogenetic analysis of DENV in Bangkalan, Madura Island, Indonesia, was performed in order to obtain a clearer understanding of its dynamics in this country. A total of 359 blood samples from dengue-suspected patients were collected between 2012 and 2014. Serotyping was conducted using a multiplex Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction and a phylogenetic analysis of E gene sequences was performed using the Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method...
2018: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666651/relative-risk-chart-score-for-the-assessment-of-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Javier Rueda-Gotor, Fernanda Genre, Alfonso Corrales, Ricardo Blanco, Patricia Fuentevilla, Virginia Portilla, Rosa Expósito, Cristina Mata Arnaiz, Trinitario Pina, Carlos González-Juanatey, Luis Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Miguel A González-Gay
Objective: To determine if the use of the relative risk (RR) chart score may help to identify young ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Methods: 73 AS patients younger than 50 years were assessed. CV risk was calculated according to the total cholesterol systematic coronary risk evaluation (TC-SCORE) and the RR chart score. C-reactive protein (CRP) value at disease diagnosis and carotid ultrasound data were also analyzed...
2018: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666639/what-kind-of-information-and-communication-technologies-do-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prefer-an-ecuadorian-cross-sectional-study
#20
Iván Chérrez-Ojeda, Emanuel Vanegas, Erick Calero, Karin Plaza, Jose A Cano, Juan Carlos Calderon, Jorge Valdano, Jorge Oswaldo Gutierrez, Jose Guevara
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the frequency of use of information and communication technologies and patterns of preference among Ecuadorian patients with diabetes. Methods: We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional survey on type 2 diabetes mellitus. A chi-square test for association and adjusted regression analyses were performed. Results: 248 patients were enrolled, with a mean sample age of 57.7 years. SMS was the most used ICT (66...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
keyword
keyword
65324
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"