keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DPN

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165420/-clinical-features-and-diagnosis-of-diabetic-polyneuropathy
#1
S E Avetisov, N A Chernenkova, Z V Surnina
Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is a serious complication of diabetes that leads to early disability in patients if late diagnosed. There has been a lot of research into pathophysiological mechanisms of nerve fiber damage and risk factors for neurological complications of diabetes. Early diagnosis of the latter is quite a challenge and, thus, the problem of finding more reliable diagnostic modalities is rather pressing. In this review, an interdisciplinary approach to the said problem, high-end diagnostic methods, and clinical features of DPN are described...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140682/molecular-patterning-and-directed-self-assembly-of-gold-nanoparticles-on-gaas
#2
Tianhan Liu, Timothy D Keiper, Xiaolei Wang, Guang Yang, Daniel T Hallinan, Jianhua Zhao, Peng Xiong
The ability to create micro/nano patterns of organic self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on semiconductor surfaces is crucial for fundamental studies and applications in a number of emerging fields in nanoscience. Here, we demonstrate the direct patterning of thiolate SAMs on oxide-free GaAs surface by dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) and micro-contact printing (μCP), facilitated by a process of surface etching and passivation of the GaAs. A quantitative analysis on the molecular diffusion on GaAs was conducted by examining the writing of nanoscale dot and line patterns by DPN, which agrees well with surface diffusion models...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137402/bdnf-trkb-signaling-mediates-the-anorectic-action-of-estradiol-in-the-nucleus-tractus-solitarius
#3
Ling Shen, David Q H Wang, Meifeng Xu, Stephen C Woods, Min Liu
Although compelling evidence indicates that estradiol (E2) acts in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) to reduce food intake, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. We now report that estrogen's anorectic action occurs through enhancing the strength of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tropomyosin receptor kinase (TrkB) signaling in the NTS. Intra-4th-ventricular administration of a low dose of BDNF reduced food intake to a greater extent in ovariectomized (OVX) rats cyclically treated with E2 than in vehicle-treated OVX rats, implying that cyclic E2 replacement increases BDNF's satiating potency...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137012/the-relationship-between-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Tingting Xu, Zihua Weng, Chu Pei, Siyuan Yu, Yating Chen, Wenjie Guo, Xingzuo Wang, Peng Luo, Jia Sun
To explore the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in type 2 diabetes mellitus.A total of 557 newly diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients were recruited, including 397 T2DM patients without complication (DM group) as well as 160 T2DM patients complicated with DPN (DPN group). Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test, or χ test was applied to the data of the 2 groups, including the levels of neutrophils and lymphocytes as well as the NLR values of peripheral blood and other biochemistry indexes; Pearson correlation analysis was used to calculate the correlation of NLR and detected factors; risk factors of DPN were estimated via logistic regression analysis and multivariate analysis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125108/lipoic-acid-combined-with-epalrestat-versus-lipoic-acid-in-treating-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-meta-analysis
#5
Xiao-Tong Wang, Hai-Xiong Lin, Shu-Ai Xu, Ying-Kun Lu
Objective To compare the clinical effectiveness of lipoic acid combined with epalrestat versus lipoic acid in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). Methods Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) and clinical controlled trials on lipoic acid versus epalrestat for DPN before February 2016 were searched through five databases:CNKI,CBM,VIP,Wanfang,and PubMed. The quality of the included trials were assessed using Cochrane software and Jadad scores. Data were analyzed with Review Manager 5.3 software. Results Nine studies were included in the analysis...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121795/berberine-ameliorates-diabetic-neuropathy-trpv1-modulation-by-pkc-pathway
#6
Yan Zan, Cui-Xing Kuai, Zhi-Xia Qiu, Fang Huang
In recent years, berberine has increasingly become a topic of research as a treatment for diabetes due to its repair function, which recovers damaged pancreatic β cells. However, it is the complications of diabetes that seriously affect patients' life quality and longevity, among which diabetic neuropathy and the consequent acute pain are the most common. In this study, we established STZ-induced diabetic models to observe whether berberine, a main constitute of Coptis chinensis Franch which has shown good hypoglycemic effects, could relieve diabetes-induced pain and explored its possible mechanism in rats and mice...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114228/integrative-temporo-spatial-mineralogic-spectroscopic-and-proteomic-analysis-of-postnatal-enamel-development-in-teeth-with-limited-growth
#7
Mirali Pandya, Hui Liu, Smit J Dangaria, Weiying Zhu, Leo L Li, Shuang Pan, Moufida Abufarwa, Roderick G Davis, Stephen Guggenheim, Timothy Keiderling, Xianghong Luan, Thomas G H Diekwisch
Tooth amelogenesis is a complex process beginning with enamel organ cell differentiation and enamel matrix secretion, transitioning through changes in ameloblast polarity, cytoskeletal, and matrix organization, that affects crucial biomineralization events such as mineral nucleation, enamel crystal growth, and enamel prism organization. Here we have harvested the enamel organ including the pliable enamel matrix of postnatal first mandibular mouse molars during the first 8 days of tooth enamel development to conduct a step-wise cross-sectional analysis of the changes in the mineral and protein phase...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108839/association-between-a-mir499a-polymorphism-and-diabetic-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes
#8
Cinzia Ciccacci, Andrea Latini, Carla Greco, Cristina Politi, Cinzia D'Amato, Davide Lauro, Giuseppe Novelli, Paola Borgiani, Vincenza Spallone
AIMS: Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) affect a large percentage of diabetic people and impact severely on quality of life. As it seems that miRNAs and their variations might play a role in these complications, we investigated whether the rs3746444 SNP in the MIR499A gene could be associated with susceptibility to DPN and/or CAN. METHODS: We analyzed 150 participants with type 2 diabetes. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and genotyping was performed by TaqMan genotyping assay...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077757/clinical-and-economic-burdens-experienced-by-patients-with-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-an-observational-study-using-a-japanese-claims-database
#9
Nozomi Ebata-Kogure, Kazutaka Nozawa, Aya Murakami, Tetsumi Toyoda, Yuri Haga, Koichi Fujii
BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) may often be painful. Despite the high prevalence of painful DPN (pDPN) among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), understanding of its clinical and economic burden is limited. This study aimed to describe the clinical and economic burdens faced by patients with pDPN in Japan, and compared them with those experienced by patients with DPN but without painful symptoms (non-pDPN). METHODS: This retrospective, observational study used data from a large-scale, hospital-based Japanese claims database collected from April 2008 to June 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067271/development-of-a-youth-report-measure-of-dpn-symptoms-conceptualization-and-content-validation
#10
Joanne Moser, Terri Lipman, David R Langdon, Katherine B Bevans
AIMS: To develop a content valid youth-report measure of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) symptoms. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 5 clinicians and 15 youth aged 8-17 with diabetes were conducted to elicit and clarify youth's DPN experiences. A systematic review of existing adult-report DPN symptom measures was conducted to identify item concepts representative of each experience. The concepts were transformed into items that were iteratively revised based on cognitive interviews (n = 13 youth aged 8-17) and readability analyses...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067266/the-association-between-vitamin-d-level-and-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-update-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Guang-Bo Qu, Ling-Ling Wang, Xue Tang, Wei Wu, Ye-Huan Sun
AIM: Recently, increasing studies have been carried out to explore the association between vitamin D level and the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, because of the shortcoming in study design and sample size, there is still no clear conclusion. We performed this meta-analysis to examine the exact impact of vitamin D deficiency on DPN in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Various databases were searched to identify the potential articles which explored the association between vitamin D level and diabetic peripheral neuropathy in type 2 diabetes...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062342/prevalence-severity-and-factors-associated-with-peripheral-neuropathy-among-newly-diagnosed-diabetic-patients-attending-mulago-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Twaha Kisozi, Edris Mutebi, Musubire Kisekka, Samden Lhatoo, Martha Sajatovic, Mark Kaddumukasa, Fredrick Nelson Nakwagala, Elly Katabira
AIMS: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) among newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients in Mulago Hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 248 newly diagnosed adult diabetic patients. Using the standard Neuropathy Symptom Score (NSS) and Neuropathy Disability Score (NDS) criteria, we screened them for neuropathy. Data on the socio-demographics, age, duration of symptoms and history of diabetic ulcer were analyzed using a multiple logistic regression...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042923/er%C3%AE-compensates-for-the-absence-of-er%C3%AE-function-to-promote-osteoblast-viability-by-inhibition-of-sost-signaling
#13
Shijin Lu, Changying Sun, Congxiu Miao, Zhongfu Zhao
Estrogen receptors α and β (ERα and ERβ) serve key functions in bone development and maintenance, and in the metabolism of bone mineral. ERβ and ERα form heterodimers, and ERβ negatively regulates the transactivation of ERα. ERβ also inhibits recruitment of ERα to the estrogen-responsive promoters. However, the relationship of ERα and ERβ in the regulation of osteoblast viability and differentiation remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate whether ERβ plays a role in balancing ERα activity in osteoblast cells...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038932/mr-t2-value-of-the-tibial-nerve-can-be-used-as-a-potential-non-invasive-and-quantitative-biomarker-for-the-diagnosis-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#14
Dongye Wang, Chuan Wang, Xiaohui Duan, Zehong Yang, Zhiqiang Bai, Huijun Hu, Li Yan, Jun Shen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of quantitative tibial nerve T2 value in the diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). METHODS: MR imaging and T2 mapping of the tibial nerve were performed in 22 diabetic patients with DPN, 20 diabetic patients without DPN and 20 healthy controls. Nerve T2 values were measured, and compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the diagnostic ability of T2 value to identify DPN...
October 16, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027647/dasatinib-associated-reversible-demyelinating-peripheral-polyneuropathy-in-a-case-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#15
Takashi Ishida, Naoyuki Akagawa, Tomomi Miyata, Naomi Tominaga, Takahiro Iizuka, Masaaki Higashihara, Takahiro Suzuki, Koji Miyazaki
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are essential for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Adverse effects of dasatinib have been reported; however, few reports have highlighted the association between dasatinib and demyelinating peripheral neuropathy (DPN). We report a patient with CML who developed acute onset of DPN associated with dasatinib therapy. A 46-year-old Japanese woman was treated with dasatinib for 7 months after the diagnosis of CML and she achieved a major molecular response (MMR)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970182/pathophysiological-profiles-of-sdt-fatty-rats-a-potential-new-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-model
#16
Tatsuya Maekawa, Hironobu Tadaki, Tomohiko Sasase, Yu Motohashi, Katsuhiro Miyajima, Takeshi Ohta, Shinichi Kume
INTRODUCTION: To establish an animal model for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) at an earlier stage, we performed functional and pathophysiological evaluations in Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) fatty rats before 16weeks of age. METHODS: Male SDT fatty rats were treated with vehicle or phlorizin (100 to 150mg/kg/day) from 5 to 16weeks. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were used as age-matched controls. Body weights and biochemical parameters were measured over time...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969623/protective-effects-of-methanolic-extract-of-juglans-regia-l-leaf-on-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-rats
#17
Davood Nasiry, Ali Reza Khalatbary, Hassan Ahmadvand, Fereshteh Talebpour Amiri, Esmaeil Akbari
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis and development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), the most common and debilitating complications of diabetes mellitus. There is accumulating evidence that Juglans regia L. (GRL) leaf extract, a rich source of phenolic components, has hypoglycemic and antioxidative properties. This study aimed to determine the protective effects of Juglans regia L. leaf extract against streptozotocin-induced diabetic neuropathy in rat...
October 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969059/association-of-myelinated-primary-afferents-impairment-with-mechanical-allodynia-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#18
Chenlong Liao, Min Yang, Wenxiang Zhong, Pengfei Liu, Wenchuan Zhang
To investigate the mechanisms underlying the efficacy of surgical treatment for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Rats were initially divided into 3 groups (I, control rats, II, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, III, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with latex tube encircling the sciatic nerve without compression). When mechanical allodynia (MA) became stable in the third week, one third of group III rats were sacrificed and the remainder were further divided into subgroups depending on whether the latex tube was removed...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954306/prostaglandin-e1-protects-the-peripheral-nerve-in-diabetics-through-preventing-vascular-permeability-changes
#19
Feifei Mo, Guotao Hu, Wei Liu, Li He, Hailan Wang
Objective The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of the vasodilator prostaglandin E1 on microvascular permeability, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as the structural and functional changes of the peripheral nerve in diabetic rats. Methods Streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus were randomly divided into two groups and intraperitoneally received, once daily, an injection of prostaglandin E1 at 1.6 μg/kg in normal saline or the same volume of normal saline (diabetic control), respectively...
September 27, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939871/estrogenic-vascular-effects-are-diminished-by-chronological-aging
#20
Christopher J Nicholson, Michèle Sweeney, Stephen C Robson, Michael J Taggart
The beneficial role of estrogen in the vascular system may be due, in part, through reduction of peripheral vascular resistance. The use of estrogen therapy to prevent cardiovascular disease in post-menopausal women remains contentious. This study investigated the influence of aging and the menopause on the acute vasodilatory effects of estrogen using ex vivo human and murine resistance arteries. Vessels were obtained from young (2.9 ± 0.1 months) and aged (24.2 ± 0.1 and 28.9 ± 0.3 months) female mice and pre- (42...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
65317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"