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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656154/acute-recanalization-of-a-partially-thrombosed-large-intracranial-aneurysm
#1
E Atallah, E Valle-Giler, T Elarjani, N Chalouhi, S Tjoumakaris, R H Rosenwasser, N Herial, M R Gooch, H Zarzour, P Jabbour
BACKGROUND: Thrombosed large intracranial aneurysms(TLIAs) are not continuously contemplated as stable lesions. Completely occluded large IAs' spontaneous recanalization has been previously described. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a middle-aged patient presenting with agitation, acute headache, visual field defects and left hemiparesis. A large thrombosed Posterior Communicating (PCom) artery aneurysm was identified with an infarct at the same arterial territory on neuroimaging studies...
April 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655937/the-left-inferior-frontal-gyrus-a-neural-crossroads-between-abstract-and-concrete-knowledge
#2
Pasquale Anthony Della Rosa, Eleonora Catricalà, Matteo Canini, Gabriella Vigliocco, Stefano F Cappa
Evidence from both neuropsychology and neuroimaging suggests that different types of information are necessary for representing and processing concrete and abstract word meanings. Both abstract and concrete concepts, however, conjointly rely on perceptual, verbal and contextual knowledge, with abstract concepts characterized by low values of imageability (IMG) (low sensory-motor grounding) and low context availability (CA) (more difficult to contextualize). Imaging studies supporting differences between abstract and concrete concepts show a greater recruitment of the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) for abstract concepts, which has been attributed either to the representation of abstract-specific semantic knowledge or to the request for more executive control than in the case of concrete concepts...
April 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652588/joint-estimation-of-effective-brain-wave-activation-modes-using-eeg-meg-sensor-arrays-and-multimodal-mri-volumes
#3
Vitaly L Galinsky, Antigona Martinez, Martin P Paulus, Lawrence R Frank
In this letter, we present a new method for integration of sensor-based multifrequency bands of electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography data sets into a voxel-based structural-temporal magnetic resonance imaging analysis by utilizing the general joint estimation using entropy regularization (JESTER) framework. This allows enhancement of the spatial-temporal localization of brain function and the ability to relate it to morphological features and structural connectivity. This method has broad implications for both basic neuroscience research and clinical neuroscience focused on identifying disease-relevant biomarkers by enhancing the spatial-temporal resolution of the estimates derived from current neuroimaging modalities, thereby providing a better picture of the normal human brain in basic neuroimaging experiments and variations associated with disease states...
April 13, 2018: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651330/analysis-of-neuroanatomical-differences-in-mice-with-genetically-modified-serotonin-transporters-assessed-by-structural-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Jacob Ellegood, Yohan Yee, Travis M Kerr, Christopher L Muller, Randy D Blakely, R Mark Henkelman, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jason P Lerch
Background: The serotonin (5-HT) system has long been implicated in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as indicated by elevated whole blood and platelet 5-HT, altered platelet and brain receptor and transporter binding, and genetic linkage and association findings. Based upon work in genetically modified mice, 5-HT is known to influence several aspects of brain development, but systematic neuroimaging studies have not previously been reported. In particular, the 5-HT transporter (serotonin transporter, SERT; 5-HTT) gene, Slc6a4 , has been extensively studied...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651014/altered-connection-properties-of-important-network-hubs-may-be-neural-risk-factors-for-individuals-with-primary-insomnia
#5
Xuming Liu, Jiyong Zheng, Bi-Xia Liu, Xi-Jian Dai
Primary insomnia (PIs) is highly prevalent and can lead to adverse socioeconomic impacts, but the underlying mechanism of its complex brain network impairment remains largely unknown. Functional studies are too few and diverse in methodology, which makes it difficult to glean general conclusions. To answer this question, we first used graph theory-based network analyse, together with seed-based functional connectivity approach, to characterize the topology architecture of whole-brain functional networks associated with PIs...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649797/a-multimodal-approach-to-the-treatment-of-intraparenchymal-meningioma-in-a-7-year-old-boy-a-case-report
#6
Maria Caterina Vescovi, Daniele Bagatto, Gabriele Capo, Marta Maieron, Dario Marin, Enrico Pegolo, Barbara Tomasino
Intraparenchymal meningiomas are very rare: only 26 cases have been diagnosed in patients younger than 20 years since 1954. They can lead to preoperative differential diagnosis mistakes due to their atypical neuroimaging appearance. A multimodal approach is thus necessary to plan a surgical procedure aiming to receive the best extent of resection while preserving the patient's functional integrity. The authors report the case of a 7-year-old boy with a history of blurred vision, left eye deviation, and weakness on the left side of his body...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649560/network-specialization-during-adolescence-hippocampal-effective-connectivity-in-boys-and-girls
#7
Jeffrey D Riley, E Elinor Chen, Jessica Winsell, Elysia Poggi Davis, Laura M Glynn, Tallie Z Baram, Curt A Sandman, Steven L Small, Ana Solodkin
Adolescence is a complex period of concurrent mental and physical development that facilitates adult functioning at multiple levels. Despite the growing number of neuroimaging studies of cognitive development in adolescence focusing on regional activation patterns, there remains a paucity of information about the functional interactions across these participating regions that are critical for cognitive functioning, including memory. The current study used structural equation modeling (SEM) to determine how interactions among brain regions critical for memory change over the course of adolescence...
April 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649559/ultrafast-doppler-for-neonatal-brain-imaging
#8
REVIEW
Charlie Demene, Jérôme Mairesse, Jérôme Baranger, Mickael Tanter, Olivier Baud
The emergence of functional neuroimaging has dramatically accelerated our understanding of the human mind. The advent of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging paved the way for the next decades' major discoveries in neuroscience and today remains the "gold standard" for deep brain imaging. Recent improvements in imaging technology have been somewhat limited to incremental innovations of mature techniques instead of breakthroughs. Recently, the use of ultrasonic plane waves transmitted at ultrafast frame rates was shown to highly increase Doppler ultrasound sensitivity to blood flows in small vessels in rodents...
April 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648618/inflammation-in-schizophrenia-pathogenetic-aspects-and-therapeutic-considerations
#9
Norbert Müller
This paper discusses the current evidence from animal and human studies for a central role of inflammation in schizophrenia. In animal models, pre- or perinatal elicitation of the immune response may increase immune reactivity throughout life, and similar findings have been described in humans. Levels of pro-inflammatory markers, such as cytokines, have been found to be increased in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid of patients with schizophrenia. Numerous epidemiological and clinical studies have provided evidence that various infectious agents are risk factors for schizophrenia and other psychoses...
April 10, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648462/a-systematic-review-of-neuroimaging-findings-in-children-and-adolescents-with-sports-related-concussion
#10
Emilie Chamard, Jonathan D Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion (SRC) generally does not result in structural anomalies revealed through clinical imaging techniques such as MRI and CT. While advanced neuroimaging techniques offer another avenue to investigate the subtle alterations following SRC, the current pediatric literature in this area has yet to be reviewed. The aim of this review is to systematically explore the literature on magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and cortical thickness following SRC in children and adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645068/-frequency-semiology-and-prognosis-of-benign-infantile-epilepsy
#11
J Ramos-Lizana, G Martinez-Espinosa, M I Rodriguez-Lucenilla, J Aguirre-Rodriguez, P Aguilera-Lopez
INTRODUCTION: Benign infantile epilepsy is an epileptic syndrome of infancy. Until now, only a small number of case-series have been published. AIM: To study the frequency, semiology and prognosis of benign infantile epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 827 patients with one or more epileptic seizures seen at our hospital between 1 June 1994 and 1 March 2011 were included and prospectively followed. A diagnosis of benign infantile epilepsy was made in patients that fulfilled the following criteria at six month of evolution: one or more focal and/or generalised seizures, onset before 24 months, no neurological deficit and normal neuroimaging and interictal EEG...
April 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644578/functional-mri-and-laser-evoked-potentials-evaluation-in-charcot-marie-tooth-syndrome
#12
Simona De Salvo, Lilla Bonanno, Roberto Giorgianni, Nunzio Muscarà, Francesco Freni, Fabrizia Caminiti, Demetrio Milardi, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. Pain is a less common symptom complained by CMT patients. We described a case of a 39-year-old male patient affect by Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease compared to five healthy controls (HC), to assess the sensory and the nociceptive pathways by using LEPs recording associated to fMRI examination, to find an "objective" marker which could be used in the management of CMT patient. The nociceptive system was evaluated by laser-evoked potentials (LEPs)...
April 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644151/trans-cranial-doppler-as-an-ancillary-study-supporting-irreversible-brain-injury-in-a-post-cardiac-arrest-patient-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#13
Naresh Mullaguri, Aarti Sarwal, Nakul Katyal, Premkumar Nattanamai, Pravin George, Christopher R Newey
Obtaining neuroimaging in patients on cardiopulmonary support devices such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be challenging, given the complexities in monitoring, instrumentation, and associated hemodynamic lability. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is used as an ancillary test for the assessment of cerebral circulatory arrest, but its use in non-pulsatile blood flow in venoarterial (VA) ECMO is not well described. We report the use of TCD in a patient on VA ECMO post-cardiac arrest for evaluation of death by neurological criteria...
February 6, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643827/do-future-limitation-perspective-in-cancer-patients-predict-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-mental-distress-and-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-activity
#14
Jia Zhou, Pan Feng, Xiaofei Lu, Xingping Han, Yanli Yang, Jingjing Song, Guangyu Jiang, Yong Zheng
Life-threatening diseases (e.g., cancer) affect people's future time perspective (FTP) and affect their mental health. When one's lifetime is perceived as running out, the individual possesses a future limitation perspective (FLP), which is one of factors in FTP. In this study, we explored the structural relationship between FLP, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), mental health status (MHS), and brain activity in patients with cancer. Cancer patients were divided into two groups using the FTP scale and Feelings About Life Scale: a strong FLP group (S-FLP) and a weak FLP group (W-FLP)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643825/factors-influencing-right-hemisphere-engagement-during-metaphor-comprehension
#15
REVIEW
Michele T Diaz, Anna Eppes
Although the left hemisphere is critical for language, clinical, behavioral, and neuroimaging research suggest that the right hemisphere also contributes to language comprehension. In particular, research has suggested that figurative language may be one type of language that preferentially engages right hemisphere regions. However, there is disagreement about whether these regions within the right hemisphere are sensitive to figurative language per se or to other factors that co-vary with figurativeness. In this article, we will review the neuroimaging literature on figurative language processing, focusing on metaphors, within the context of several theoretical perspectives that have been proposed about hemispheric function in language...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643681/mismatch-in-brain-perfusion-and-metabolism-detected-with-99m-tc-hexamethyl-propylene-amine-oxime-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-and-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-moyamoya-disease
#16
Justo Serrano Vicente, Luis Fernández Prudencio, José Rafael Infante Torre, Juan Ignacio Rayo Madrid
We report a 47-year-old woman who developed an ischemic stroke with diplopia and dysarthria. Emergency computed tomography (CT) showed no pathological findings, and magnetic resonance (MR) showed mild ischemic-degenerative lesions. MR angiography and angiogram showed severe stenosis of both internal carotid and main intracranial arteries with plenty collateral vessels with "puff of smoke" suggesting a moyamoya disease (MMD). Brain perfusion single-photon emission CT showed global diminished perfusion in the brain lobes and a marked relative hyperperfusion in the cerebellum...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643636/atypical-presentation-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-two-cases
#17
Nishant Kumar, Ranju Singh, Neha Sharma, Aruna Jain
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiological entity, first described in 1996. It is commonly associated with systemic hypertension, intake of immunosuppressant drugs, sepsis and eclampsia and preeclampsia. Headache, alteration in consciousness, visual disturbances and seizures are common manifestations of PRES. Signs of pyramidal tract involvement and motor dysfunction are uncommon clinical findings. However, clinical presentation is not diagnostic. On neuroimaging, lesions are characteristically found in parieto occipital region of the brain due to vasogenic edema...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643546/partition-based-ultrahigh-dimensional-variable-screening
#18
Jian Kang, Hyokyoung G Hong, Y I Li
Traditional variable selection methods are compromised by overlooking useful information on covariates with similar functionality or spatial proximity, and by treating each covariate independently. Leveraging prior grouping information on covariates, we propose partition-based screening methods for ultrahigh-dimensional variables in the framework of generalized linear models. We show that partition-based screening exhibits the sure screening property with a vanishing false selection rate, and we propose a data-driven partition screening framework with unavailable or unreliable prior knowledge on covariate grouping and investigate its theoretical properties...
November 2017: Biometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643008/patterned-cortical-atrophy-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-the-potential-for-unbiased-data-driven-neuroimaging-to-detect-structural-changes-in-de-novo-patients
#19
EDITORIAL
Ryan R Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629231/internal-auditory-canal-exostosis-a-technical-case-report
#20
Lynn Mubita, Michael Seidman, Jack Rock
Background: Exostoses of the internal auditory canal is a rare finding that may present with disabling symptoms of dizziness, hearing loss, and vestibular dysfunction based on the extent of cranial nerve compression. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the presentation and outcomes in a patient who presented with this disorder. Case Description: A 19-year-old female presented to the neurotologist with left ear discomfort, pain with left lateral gaze, and dizziness...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
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