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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929625/association-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-women
#1
Andrea L Roberts, Susan Malspeis, Laura D Kubzansky, Candace H Feldman, Shun-Chiao Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first longitudinal study examining whether trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with increased risk of incident SLE in a civilian cohort. METHODS: We examined the association of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms with SLE incidence over 24 years of follow-up in a U.S. longitudinal cohort of women (N=54,763). Incident SLE with ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria was ascertained by self-report and confirmed by medical record review...
September 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927969/comparison-of-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-i-disorder
#2
Razieh Nayerifard, Majid Akbari Bureng, Alireza Zahiroddin, Massood Namjoo, Sepideh Rajezi
Research has shown that the metabolic syndrome is more prevalent among patients with schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder. Given the scarcity of research on the disorders, this paper aims to compare the prevalence of the syndrome among the two groups of patients. METHODS: A total of 120 individuals participated in this cross sectional study: 60 patients with schizophrenia (26 males and 34 females) and 60 patients with bipolar I disorder (32 males and 28 females). The psychological disorders were diagnosed by some experienced psychiatrists according to the DSM-V...
May 4, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926979/mother-s-ipv-child-maltreatment-type-and-the-presence-of-ptsd-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Maravillas Castro, Mavi Alcántara-López, Antonia Martínez, Visitación Fernández, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Concepción López-Soler
This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), child eyewitness of psychological and physical maltreatment suffered by the mother, the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by the child. In addition, the prevalence of child PTSD was estimated, as well as the concordance between the PTSD symptoms assessed by the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for child PTSD...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926742/an-interpersonal-perspective-on-criterion-a-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Aaron L Pincus
This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926484/alcohol-and-drug-use-before-and-during-the-first-year-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau, Frédéric St-Onge, Marie-Claude Blackburn, Andrée Banville, Andrée-Anne Paradis-Giroux, Marie-Christine Ouellet
OBJECTIVES: To compare individuals with mild and moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on alcohol and drug use and substance use disorders before and in the first year post-TBI; to explore sociodemographic and injury-related variables associated with substance use disorders. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 225 adults hospitalized in a level I trauma center after TBI. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with retrospective (pre-TBI) and prospective (4, 8, and 12 months post-TBI) assessments...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924183/the-associations-of-earlier-trauma-exposures-and-history-of-mental-disorders-with-ptsd-after-subsequent-traumas
#6
R C Kessler, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, E J Bromet, O Gureje, E G Karam, K C Koenen, S Lee, H Liu, B-E Pennell, M V Petukhova, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, L Atwoli, G Borges, B Bunting, G de Girolamo, S F Gluzman, J M Haro, H Hinkov, N Kawakami, V Kovess-Masfety, F Navarro-Mateu, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, A Y Shalev, M Ten Have, Y Torres, M C Viana, A M Zaslavsky
Although earlier trauma exposure is known to predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after subsequent traumas, it is unclear whether this association is limited to cases where the earlier trauma led to PTSD. Resolution of this uncertainty has important implications for research on pretrauma vulnerability to PTSD. We examined this issue in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys with 34 676 respondents who reported lifetime trauma exposure. One lifetime trauma was selected randomly for each respondent...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923721/evidence-of-sexual-dimorphism-of-htr1b-gene-on-major-adult-adhd-comorbidities
#7
Diana Müller, Eugenio H Grevet, Alana C Panzenhagen, Renata B Cupertino, Bruna S da Silva, Djenifer B Kappel, Nina R Mota, Paula Blaya-Rocha, Stefania P Teche, Eduardo S Vitola, Luis A Rohde, Verônica Contini, Diego L Rovaris, Jaqueline B Schuch, Claiton H D Bau
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a very common psychiatric disorder across the life cycle and frequently presents comorbidities. Since ADHD is highly heritable, several studies have focused in the underlying genetic factors involved in its etiology. One of the major challenges in this search is the phenotypic heterogeneity, which could be partly attributable to the sexual dimorphism frequently seen in psychiatric disorders. Taking into account the well-known sexual dimorphic effect observed in serotonergic system characteristics, we differentially tested the influence of HTR1B SNPs (rs11568817, rs130058, rs6296 and rs13212041) on ADHD susceptibility and on its major comorbidities according to sex...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#8
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922738/mixed-symptoms-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Gustavo H Vázquez, María Lolich, Casimiro Cabrera, Ruzica Jokic, Dusan Kolar, Leonardo Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: The DSM-5 mixed features specifier for mood disorders encourages renewed interest in mixed states and led us to pool research findings regarding prevalence of mixed features in episodes of major depressive (MDD) and bipolar disorders (BD). METHODS: We systematically searched to July 2017 for reports on mixed symptoms in depressive episodes of MDD and in depression and mania or hypomania in types I and II BD. For primary mood-states and diagnostic groups we compared rates of the presence of mixed symptoms: as defined by DSM-5 (≥3 features opposite to the dominant mood-polarity but not overlapping those of the primary disorder) or as having any ≥3 features of opposite polarity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922592/determining-if-borderline-personality-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-are-alternative-expressions-of-the-same-disorder-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#10
Iris de la Rosa, María A Oquendo, Gemma García, Barbara Stanley, Ana González-Pinto, Shang-Min Liu, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder represent 2 different disorders or alternative manifestations of the same disorder. METHODS: The data were collected between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2005. The analyses were conducted between December 21 and December 27, 2010. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed on 25 symptoms assessing depression, mania, and borderline personality disorder from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a large nationally representative sample of the US adult population (N = 34,653)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922591/baseline-characteristics-and-early-response-at-week-1-predict-treatment-outcome-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-manic-or-mixed-episode-treated-with-olanzapine-results-from-a-3-week-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Le Xiao, Stephen J Ganocy, Robert L Findling, Kiki Chang, Melissa P DelBello, John M Kane, Mauricio Tohen, Yu-Tao Xiang, Christoph U Correll
BACKGROUND: Early predictors of response and remission in pediatric mania are lacking, requiring further study. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of a 3-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of olanzapine conducted between November 2002 and May 2005 in 161 adolescents aged 13-17 years who were diagnosed with a DSM-IV acute manic or mixed episode of bipolar I disorder. Data from the olanzapine arm were analyzed to investigate the predictive power of early response or early nonresponse (≥25% or < 25% reduction in Young Mania Rating Scale [YMRS] score, respectively) at week 1 for ultimate response or nonresponse (≥ 50% or < 50% reduction in YMRS score, respectively) and for remission (YMRS total score ≤ 12 [standard definition] or ≤ 8 [stringent definition]) at week 3...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922590/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonist-abt-126-in-the-treatment-of-cognitive-impairment-associated-with-schizophrenia-results-from-a-phase-2b-randomized-controlled-study-in-smokers
#12
George M Haig, Deli Wang, Jun Zhao, Ahmed A Othman, Earle E Bain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the α₇-nicotinic receptor agonist ABT-126 for treatment of cognitive impairment in stable subjects with schizophrenia who smoke. METHODS: A 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was conducted from August 2012 to March 2014. Subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia based on DSM-IV-TR criteria (confirmed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 6.0.0) were randomized 1:1:1 to ABT-126 25 mg, ABT-126 75 mg, or placebo once daily while maintained on their background antipsychotic medication...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922589/higher-baseline-proinflammatory-cytokines-mark-poor-antidepressant-response-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
Francesco Benedetti, Sara Poletti, Thomas A Hoogenboezem, Clara Locatelli, Harm de Wit, Annemarie J M Wijkhuijs, Cristina Colombo, Hemmo A Drexhage
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of raised levels of circulating cytokines in bipolar disorder is still unclear. Cytokines influence neurotransmitters, neuroplasticity, and white matter integrity. An inconsistent literature suggests that higher cytokine levels could hamper antidepressant response. Total sleep deprivation (TSD) and light therapy (LT) prompt a rapid antidepressant response and can provide a model treatment to study predictors of response. METHODS: We studied at baseline 15 immune-regulating compounds in 37 consecutively admitted inpatients with a major depressive episode in the course of bipolar disorder (DSM-5 criteria) and in 24 controls...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922588/persistent-negative-symptoms-in-first-episode-psychosis-early-cognitive-and-social-functioning-correlates-and-differences-between-early-and-adult-onset
#14
Olga Puig, Immaculada Baeza, Elena de la Serna, Bibiana Cabrera, Gisela Mezquida, Miquel Bioque, Antonio Lobo, Ana González-Pinto, Mara Parellada, Iluminada Corripio, Eduard Vieta, Julio Bobes, Judith Usall, Fernando Contreras, Manuel J Cuesta, Miquel Bernardo, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, The PEPs Group
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the early cognitive and social functioning characteristics of a sample of first-episode psychosis patients with and without persistent negative symptoms (PNS) and to examine the prevalence and cognitive and functional correlates of PNS in patients with early-onset versus adult-onset first-episode psychosis. METHODS: Participants were 235 patients with first-episode psychosis (51 early-onset, 184 adult-onset) and 240 healthy controls from a multicenter longitudinal study (recruited between 2009 and 2011)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922210/screening-for-dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorder-diagnostic-accuracy-of-self-report-measures-within-a-population-sample
#15
Johannes A C Laferton, Nikola M Stenzel, Winfried Rief, Kristina Klaus, Elmar Brähler, Ricarda Mewes
OBJECTIVE: The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 Somatic Symptom Disorder was introduced to improve the diagnosis of persons suffering from what used to be called somatoform disorders. So far, it is unclear whether existing self-report measures are useful to detect the new Somatic Symptom Disorder. This study investigates the diagnostic accuracy of three self-report questionnaires, measuring somatic complaints (15 item Patient Health Questionnaire; PHQ-15) and psychological features (7 item Whiteley Index;WI-7; Scale for Assessing Illness Behavior; SAIB), in detecting Somatic Symptom Disorder...
September 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921930/big-five-aspects-of-personality-interact-to-predict-depression
#16
Timothy A Allen, Bridget E Carey, Carolina McBride, R Michael Bagby, Colin G DeYoung, Lena C Quilty
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that three personality traits-neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness-moderate one another in a three-way interaction that predicts depressive symptoms in healthy populations. We test the hypothesis that this effect is driven by three-lower order traits: withdrawal, industriousness, and enthusiasm. We then replicate this interaction within a clinical population for the first time. METHOD: Sample 1 included 376 healthy adults...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921814/nabilone-pharmacotherapy-for-cannabis-dependence-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#17
Kevin P Hill, Matthew D Palastro, Staci A Gruber, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Shelly F Greenfield, Scott E Lukas, Roger D Weiss
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We assessed the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of nabilone, a cannabinoid agonist, to treat cannabis dependence. METHODS: Eighteen adults with DSM-IV cannabis dependence were randomized to receive either 2 mg/day of nabilone (n = 10) or placebo (n = 8) for 10 weeks in addition to medication management. Twelve participants, six in each group, completed treatment. The safety and tolerability of nabilone was assessed at each visit...
September 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920850/ramlibacter-alkalitolerans-sp-nov-alkali-tolerant-bacterium-isolated-from-soil-of-ginseng
#18
Do-Hoon Lee, Chang-Jun Cha
A novel bacterial strain, designated CJ661T, was isolated from soil of ginseng in Anseong, South Korea. Cells of strain CJ661T were white-coloured, Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, aerobic and rod-shaped. Strain CJ661T grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0. The analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain CJ661T showed that it belongs to the genus Ramlibacter within the family Comamonadaceae and was most closely related to Ramlibacter ginsenosidimutans KCTC 22276T (98.1 %), followed by Ramlibacter henchirensis DSM 14656T (97...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920849/flavimarina-flava-sp-nov-isolated-from-salicornia-herbacea
#19
Eui-Sang Cho, In-Tae Cha, Jung-Min Park, Hak-Jong Choi, Jong Hun Lee, Seong Woon Roh, Eun-Ah Cho, Mee-Hyang Kweon, Young-Do Nam, Myung-Ji Seo
A Gram-stain-negative, motile-by-gliding, aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium was isolated from Salicornia herbacea in the Yellow Sea and designated as strain MBLN091T. It belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this isolated strain was similar to that of Flavimarina pacifica IDSW-73T with 94.8 % similarity, and with 92.3-92.8 % similarities to those of other closely related species of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella. The similarities of the RNA polymerase subunit B gene between this strain and F...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920840/flavobacterium-dispersum-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-freshwater-spring
#20
Wen-Ming Chen, Ching-Ling Su, Shih-Yi Sheu
A novel bacterial strain MVW-23T was isolated from a freshwater spring in Taiwan. The strain was Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, motile by gliding, rod-shaped and formed translucent yellow colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 20-30 °C, pH 7.0, and in the presence of 0.5-1 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MVW-23T belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and showed the highest levels of sequence similarity with respect to Flavobacterium denitrificans ED5T (97...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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