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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458098/spermine-protects-from-lps-induced-memory-deficit-via-bdnf-and-trkb-activation
#1
Pâmella K Frühauf-Perez, Fernanda R Temp, Micheli M Pillat, Cristiane Signor, Arithane Lorena Wendel, Henning Ulrich, Carlos F Mello, Maribel A Rubin
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been long known to promote neuroinflammation and learning and memory deficits. Since spermine, one of the main natural polyamines in the central nervous system, protects from LPS-induced memory deficit by a mechanism that comprises GluN2B receptors, the aim of the present study was to determine whether brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) receptor and cAMP response element binding (CREB) are involved in this protective effect of spermine...
February 16, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456585/neuroinflammation-and-neurohormesis-in-the-pathogenesis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-alzheimer-linked-pathologies-modulation-by-nutritional-mushrooms
#2
REVIEW
Angela Trovato Salinaro, Manuela Pennisi, Rosanna Di Paola, Maria Scuto, Rosalia Crupi, Maria Teresa Cambria, Maria Laura Ontario, Mario Tomasello, Maurizio Uva, Luigi Maiolino, Edward J Calabrese, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Vittorio Calabrese
Human life develops and expands not only in time and space, but also in the retrograde permanent recollection and interweaving of memories. Therefore, individual human identity depends fully on a proper access to the autobiographical memory. Such access is hindered or lost under pathological conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, including recently associated oxidant pathologies, such as ocular neural degeneration occurring in glaucoma or neurosensorial degeneration occurring in Menière's disease. Oxidative stress and altered antioxidant systems have been suggested to play a role in the aetiology of major neurodegenerative disorders, and altered expression of genes sensing oxidative stress, as well as decreased cellular stress response mechanisms could synergistically contribute to the course of these oxidant disorders...
2018: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455908/increased-degradation-of-atp-is-driven-by-memory-regulatory-t-cells-in-kidney-transplantation-tolerance
#3
Maxim Durand, Florian Dubois, Cécile Dejou, Eugénie Durand, Richard Danger, Mélanie Chesneau, Carole Brosseau, Pierrick Guerif, Jean-Paul Soulillou, Nicolas Degauque, Jean-François Eliaou, Magali Giral, Nathalie Bonnefoy, Sophie Brouard
Regulatory T cells were recently proposed as the central actor in operational tolerance after renal transplantation. Tolerant patients harbor increased FoxP3hi memory Treg frequency and increased demethylation in the Foxp3 Treg-specific demethylated region when compared to stable kidney recipients and exhibit greater memory Treg suppressive capacities and higher expression of the ectonucleotidase CD39. However, in this particular and unique situation the mechanisms of action of Tregs were not identified. Thus, we analyzed the ability of memory Tregs to degrade extracellular ATP in tolerant patients, healthy volunteers, and patients with stable graft function under immunosuppression and determined the role of immunosuppressive drugs on this process...
February 15, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454843/impact-of-high-sucrose-diets-on-the-discrimination-of-spatial-and-object-memories-with-overlapping-features
#4
Cem Buyukata, Milijana Vukalo, Tanya J Xu, Madhavi A Khore, Amy C Reichelt
High sucrose diets (HSDs) have been shown to have detrimental effects on hippocampal dependent memory in rats, including the performance of spatial tasks reliant on pattern separation, a cognitive process involved in minimising interference during memory encoding. As such we sought to investigate the impact of HSDs on object and spatial recognition tasks that varied the cognitive load placed on pattern separation processes. Young male and female rats were 4 weeks old at the start of diet manipulations. Rats in the HSD condition were provided with daily access to 10% sucrose solution for 2 h per day across a 28 d period, during which they were assessed on their performance of memory tasks that varied the similarity of spatial arrangements (Spontaneous Location Recognition, SLR) and object features (Novel Object Recognition, NOR) to determine the effect of HSD on memory encoding processes...
February 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453412/pulmonary-antigen-encounter-regulates-the-establishment-of-tissue-resident-cd8-memory-t-cells-in-the-lung-airways-and-parenchyma
#5
Sean R McMaster, Alexander N Wein, Paul R Dunbar, Sarah L Hayward, Emily K Cartwright, Timothy L Denning, Jacob E Kohlmeier
Resident memory CD8 T (T RM ) cells in the lung parenchyma (LP) and airways provide heterologous protection against influenza virus challenge. However, scant knowledge exists regarding factors necessary to establish and maintain lung CD8 T RM . Here we demonstrate that, in contrast to mechanisms described for other tissues, airway, and LP CD8 T RM establishment requires cognate antigen recognition in the lung. Systemic effector CD8 T cells could be transiently pulled into the lung in response to localized inflammation, however these effector cells failed to establish tissue residency unless antigen was present in the pulmonary environment...
February 16, 2018: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453207/hippocampal-ripple-oscillations-and-inhibition-first-network-models-frequency-dynamics-and-response-to-gaba-modulators
#6
José R Donoso, Dietmar Schmitz, Nikolaus Maier, Richard Kempter
Hippocampal ripples are involved in memory consolidation, but the mechanisms underlying their generation remain unclear. Models relying on interneuron networks in the CA1 region disagree on the predominant source of excitation to interneurons: either 'direct', via the Schaffer collaterals that provide feedforward input from CA3 to CA1, or 'indirect', via the local pyramidal cells in CA1, which are embedded in a recurrent excitatory-inhibitory network. Here, we used physiologically constrained computational models of basket-cell networks to investigate how they respond to different conditions of transient, noisy excitation...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452883/thiocarbonyl-bound-metallonitrosyl-complexes-with-visible-light-induced-dna-cleavage-and-promising-vasodilation-activity
#7
Carlos D S Silva, Iury A Paz, Felipe D Abreu, Aurideia P de Sousa, Carla P Veríssimo, Nilberto R F Nascimento, Tércio F Paulo, Davila Zampieri, Marcos N Eberlin, Ana C S Gondim, Loraine C Andrade, Idalina M M Carvalho, Eduardo H S Sousa, Luiz G F Lopes
Nitric oxide has been involved in many key biological processes such as vasodilation, platelet aggregation, apoptosis, memory function, and this has drawn attention to the development of exogenous NO donors. Metallonitrosyl complexes are an important class of these compounds. Here, two new ruthenium nitrosyl complexes containing a thiocarbonyl ligand, with the formula cis-[Ru(phen) 2 (L)(NO)](PF 6 ) 3 (phen = phenantroline, L = thiourea or thiobenzamide), were synthesized and characterized by electronic spectroscopy, FTIR, NMR , mass spectrometry and voltammetric techniques...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452160/orchiectomy-and-letrozole-differentially-regulate-synaptic-plasticity-and-spatial-memory-in-a-manner-that-is-mediated-by-src-1-in-the-hippocampus-of-male-mice
#8
Jikai Zhao, Chen Bian, Mengying Liu, Yangang Zhao, Tao Sun, Fangzhou Xing, Jiqiang Zhang
Hippocampal synaptic plasticity is the basis of spatial memory and cognition and is strongly regulated by both testicular androgens (testosterone, T) and hippocampal estrogens (17β-estradiol, E2) converted from T by aromatase, which is inhibited by letrozole (LET), but the contribution of each pathway to spatial memory and the associated mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we first used orchiectomy (ORX) and LET injection to investigate the effects of T and hippocampal E2 on spatial memory and hippocampal synaptic plasticity...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450966/highly-uniform-resistive-switching-properties-of-solution-processed-silver-embedded-gelatin-thin-film
#9
Yu-Chi Chang, Cheng-Jung Lee, Li-Wen Wang, Yeong-Her Wang
The silver-embedded gelatin (AgG) thin film produced by the solution method of metal salts dissolved in gelatin is presented. Its simple fabrication method ensures the uniform distribution of Ag dots. Memory devices based on AgG exhibit good device performance, such as the ON/OFF ratio in excess of 10 5 and the coefficient of variation in less of 50%. To further investigate the position of filament formation and the role of each element, current sensing atomic force microscopy (CSAFM) analysis as well as elemental line profiles across the two different conditions in the LRS and HRS are analyzed...
February 16, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450792/examination-of-long-term-visual-memorization-capacity-in-the-clark-s-nutcracker-nucifraga-columbiana
#10
Muhammad A J Qadri, Kevin Leonard, Robert G Cook, Debbie M Kelly
Clark's nutcrackers exhibit remarkable cache recovery behavior, remembering thousands of seed locations over the winter. No direct laboratory test of their visual memory capacity, however, has yet been performed. Here, two nutcrackers were tested in an operant procedure used to measure different species' visual memory capacities. The nutcrackers were incrementally tested with an ever-expanding pool of pictorial stimuli in a two-alternative discrimination task. Each picture was randomly assigned to either a right or a left choice response, forcing the nutcrackers to memorize each picture-response association...
February 15, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450789/control-by-association-transfer-of-implicitly-primed-attentional-states-across-linked-stimuli
#11
Christina Bejjani, Ziwei Zhang, Tobias Egner
Although cognitive control has traditionally been viewed in opposition to associative learning, recent studies show that people can learn to link particular stimuli with specific cognitive control states (e.g., high attentional selectivity). Here, we tested whether such learned stimulus-control associations can transfer across paired-associates. In the Stimulus-Stimulus (S-S) Association phase, specific face or house images repeatedly preceded the presentation of particular scene stimuli, creating paired face/house-scene associates in memory...
February 15, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449821/intentional-forgetting-in-organizations-the-importance-of-eliminating-retrieval-cues-for-implementing-new-routines
#12
REVIEW
Annette Kluge, Norbert Gronau
To cope with the already large, and ever increasing, amount of information stored in organizational memory, "forgetting," as an important human memory process, might be transferred to the organizational context. Especially in intentionally planned change processes (e.g., change management), forgetting is an important precondition to impede the recall of obsolete routines and adapt to new strategic objectives accompanied by new organizational routines. We first comprehensively review the literature on the need for organizational forgetting and particularly on accidental vs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449568/binge-alcohol-exposure-causes-neurobehavioral-deficits-and-gsk3%C3%AE-activation-in-the-hippocampus-of-adolescent-rats
#13
Zhe Ji, Lin Yuan, Xiong Lu, Hanqing Ding, Jia Luo, Zun-Ji Ke
Heavy alcohol exposure causes profound damage to the adolescent brain, particularly the hippocampus, which underlie some behavioral deficits. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain inconclusive. The current study sought to determine whether binge alcohol exposure affects the hippocampus-related behaviors and key signaling proteins that may mediate alcohol neurotoxicity in adolescent rats. Alcohol exposure reduced the number of both NeuN-positive and doublecortin-positive cells in the hippocampus...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449454/deleting-hdac3-rescues-long-term-memory-impairments-induced-by-disruption-of-the-neuron-specific-chromatin-remodeling-subunit-baf53b
#14
Guanhua Shu, Enikö A Kramár, Alberto J López, Grace Huynh, Marcelo A Wood, Janine L Kwapis
Multiple epigenetic mechanisms, including histone acetylation and nucleosome remodeling, are known to be involved in long-term memory formation. Enhancing histone acetylation by deleting histone deacetylases, like HDAC3, typically enhances long-term memory formation. In contrast, disrupting nucleosome remodeling by blocking the neuron-specific chromatin remodeling subunit BAF53b impairs long-term memory. Here, we show that deleting HDAC3 can ameliorate the impairments in both long-term memory and synaptic plasticity caused by BAF53b mutation...
March 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449430/a-critical-role-for-the-nucleus-reuniens-in-long-term-but-not-short-term-associative-recognition-memory-formation
#15
G R I Barker, E C Warburton
Recognition memory for single items requires the perirhinal cortex (PRH), while recognition of an item and its associated location, requires a functional interaction between the PRH, hippocampus (HPC) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). While the precise mechanisms through which these interactions are effected are unknown, the nucleus reuniens (NRe) has bidirectional connections with each regions and hence may play a role in recognition memory. Here we investigated, in male rats, whether specific manipulations of NRe function affected performance of recognition memory for single items, object location or object-in-place associations...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448541/preparation-of-polyurethane-acrylate-coated-carbon-nanotube-nanocomposites-by-emulsion-polymerization
#16
Jila Talat, Mohammad Sabzi, Behrouz Safibonab, Iraj Hasanzadeh, Ali Arman, Isa Karimzadeh
The aim of this work was to prepare strong and conductive polyurethane acrylate nanocomposites. First, urethane prepolymers with different molecular weights and hydrophilicities were synthetized. Then, their corresponding polyurethane acrylate nanocomposites were prepared by ultrasonically-assisted emulsion polymerization in the presence of various ratios of urethane prepolymers and acrylate monomers. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and tensile results showed that thermal stability and mechanical properties of polyurethane acrylate samples are significantly dependent on the molecular weight and hydrophilicity of the urethane prepolymer as well as the content of acrylate monomers...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448083/sympathetic-arousal-but-not-disturbed-executive-functioning-mediates-the-impairment-of-cognitive-flexibility-under-stress
#17
Martin Marko, Igor Riečanský
Cognitive flexibility emerges from an interplay of multiple cognitive systems, of which lexical-semantic and executive are thought to be the most important. Yet this has not been addressed by previous studies demonstrating that such forms of flexible thought deteriorate under stress. Motivated by these shortcomings, the present study evaluated several candidate mechanisms implied to mediate the impairing effects of stress on flexible thinking. Fifty-seven healthy adults were randomly assigned to psychosocial stress or control condition while assessed for performance on cognitive flexibility, working memory capacity, semantic fluency, and self-reported cognitive interference...
February 12, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447949/protective-effects-of-alpinae-oxyphyllae-fructus-extracts-on-lipopolysaccharide-induced-animal-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Yunlong Wang, Mengshi Wang, Kaiyue Fan, Tongde Li, Tingxu Yan, Bo Wu, Kaishun Bi, Ying Jia
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Alpinae Oxyphyllae Fructus (AOF) with warming and tonifying the kidney and spleen, anti-salivation, anti-polyuria and anti-diarrhea functions is the dried ripe fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. (Zingiberaceae). As a traditional Chinese medicine, its application history is very long. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The purpose of our study is to investigate the effects of different solvent extracts from AOF on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced animal model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to elucidate the traditional medical theories with modern pharmacological methods and provide a reference for further clarifying its active components and mechanisms...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446800/biology-of-vibrio-cholera-editorial-overview
#19
EDITORIAL
Felipe Cava
In this monographic issue, we have the pleasure to present contributions from six of the leading laboratories at the forefront of Vibrio cholerae genetics, ecology and evolution, together with a brief tribute by Diego Romero to Doctor Jaime Ferrán y Clua, a pioneering Spanish bacteriologist who developed the first vaccine against this pathogen. V. cholerae is a free-living aquatic bacterium that interacts with and infects a variety of organisms. In humans it causes cholera, the deadly diarrhoea that was responsible for millions of deaths during seven pandemics since 1817, and still thousands every year...
September 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445885/the-interplay-of-lipids-lipoproteins-and-immunity-in-atherosclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Angela Pirillo, Fabrizia Bonacina, Giuseppe Danilo Norata, Alberico Luigi Catapano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disorder of the arterial wall, in which several players contribute to the onset and progression of the disease. Besides the well-established role of lipids, specifically cholesterol, and immune cell activation, new insights on the molecular mechanisms underlying the atherogenic process have emerged. RECENT FINDINGS: Meta-inflammation, a condition of low-grade immune response caused by metabolic dysregulation, immunological memory of innate immune cells (referred to as "trained immunity"), cholesterol homeostasis in dendritic cells, and immunometabolism, i...
February 14, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
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