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Assessment malingering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080105/cross-cultural-feigning-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-feigning-instruments-used-with-linguistically-ethnically-and-culturally-diverse-samples
#1
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Barry Rosenfeld
The cross-cultural validity of feigning instruments and cut-scores is a critical concern for forensic mental health clinicians. This systematic review evaluated feigning classification accuracy and effect sizes across instruments and languages by summarizing 45 published peer-reviewed articles and unpublished doctoral dissertations conducted in Europe, Asia, and North America using linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples. The most common psychiatric symptom measures used with linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples included the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology, the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test, and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077000/specificity-rates-for-non-clinical-bilingual-mexican-americans-on-three-popular-performance-validity-measures
#2
Philip G Gasquoine, Amy A Weimer, Arnoldo Amador
OBJECTIVE: To measure specificity as failure rates for non-clinical, bilingual, Mexican Americans on three popular performance validity measures: (a) the language format Reliable Digit Span; (b) visual-perceptual format Test of Memory Malingering; and (c) visual-perceptual format Dot Counting, using optimal/suboptimal effort cut scores developed for monolingual, English-speakers. METHODS: Participants were 61 consecutive referrals, aged between 18 and 65 years, with <16 years of education who were subjectively bilingual (confirmed via formal assessment) and chose the language of assessment, Spanish or English, for the performance validity tests...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032009/assessment-of-feigned-cognitive-impairment-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-with-the-forced-choice-graphics-memory-test
#3
Zilong Liu, Juan Dong, Xiaohong Zhao, Xiaorui Chen, Sara M Lippa, Jerome S Caroselli, Xiang Fang
INTRODUCTION: The Forced-choice Graphics Memory Test (FGMT) is a newly developed measure to assess feigned cognitive impairment. This study investigated the ability and reliability of FGMT for identification of malingering in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: The FGMT was administered to 40 healthy volunteers instructed to respond validly (Healthy Control, H-C), 40 healthy volunteers instructed to feign cognitive impairment (Healthy Malingering, H-M), 40 severe TBI patients who responded validly (TBI control, TBI-C), and 30 severe TBI patients who evidenced invalid performance (TBI malingering, TBI-M)...
December 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029435/assessment-of-complex-dissociative-disorder-patients-and-simulated-dissociation-in-forensic-contexts
#4
Bethany L Brand, Aliya R Webermann, A Steven Frankel
Few assessors receive training in assessing dissociation and complex dissociative disorders (DDs). Potential differential diagnoses include anxiety, mood, psychotic, substance use, and personality disorders, as well as exaggeration and malingering. Individuals with DDs typically elevate on many clinical and validity scales on psychological tests, yet research indicates that they can be distinguished from DD simulators. Becoming informed about the testing profiles of DD individuals and DD simulators can improve the accuracy of differential diagnoses in forensic settings...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004196/a-method-for-identifying-color-vision-deficiency-malingering
#5
Andrew Pouw, Rustum Karanjia, Alfredo Sadun
PURPOSE: To propose a new test to identify color vision deficiency malingering. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to 130 truly color vision deficient participants and 160 participants willing to simulate color vision deficiency. The survey contained three sets of six color-adjusted versions of the standard Ishihara color plates each, as well as one set of six control plates. The plates that best discriminated both participant groups were selected for a "balanced" test emphasizing both sensitivity and specificity...
December 21, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846775/red-flags-in-the-clinical-interview-may-forecast-invalid-neuropsychological-testing
#6
Michael E Keesler, Kirstie McClung, Tawny Meredith-Duliba, Kelli Williams, Thomas Swirsky-Sacchetti
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating assessment validity is expected in neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in cases with identified secondary gain, where malingering or somatization may be present. Assessed with standalone measures and embedded indices, all within the testing portion of the examination, research on validity of self-report in the clinical interview is limited. Based on experience with litigation-involved examinees recovering from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), it was hypothesized that inconsistently reported date of injury (DOI) and/or loss of consciousness (LOC) might predict invalid performance on neurocognitive testing...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810112/assessing-older-adults-in-civil-litigation-cases
#7
Eileen A Kohutis
With the population aging, the legal and mental health systems need to be prepared for cases that involve older adults beyond the customary matters of guardianship and competency. Assessing older adults with the current tests raises concerns because these measures may not be adequately normed for this age group. Malingering, factitious disorders, and somatoform disorders are discussed due to health-related issues of normal aging. These topics complicate the assessment procedure and need consideration because they may affect the claimant's performance or symptom presentation...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767344/the-development-of-the-inventory-of-problems-29-a-brief-self-administered-measure-for-discriminating-bona-fide-from-feigned-psychiatric-and-cognitive-complaints
#8
Donald J Viglione, Luciano Giromini, Patricia Landis
This article describes the development of the Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29), a new, short, paper-and-pencil, self-administered measure of feigned mental and cognitive disorders. Four clinical comparison simulation studies were conducted. Study 1 (n = 451) selected the items and produced an index of potential feigning. Study 2 (n = 331) scaled this index to produce a probability score, and examined its psychometric properties. Study 3 tested the generalizability of Study 2's findings with 2 additional samples (ns = 128 and 90)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736127/identifying-feigning-in-trauma-exposed-african-immigrants
#9
Rebecca A Weiss, Barry Rosenfeld
As the populations of Western countries become more diverse, the risk of inaccurately generalizing knowledge from majority ethnic groups to minority groups is increasing. However, few of the measures used in forensic assessment are based on normative samples that represent the considerable diversity present in forensic settings. This study examined 4 commonly used measures of feigning: the Dot Counting Test (DCT; Boone, Lu, & Herzberg, 2002); the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms (M-FAST; Miller, 2001); the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; Tombaugh, 1996); and a validity scale (atypical responding; ATR) on the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2 (Briere, 2011)...
August 15, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724884/mapping-breast-tissue-types-by-miniature-radio-frequency-near-field-spectroscopy-sensor-in-ex-vivo-freshly-excised-specimens
#10
Zvi Kaufman, Haim Paran, Ilana Haas, Patricia Malinger, Tania Zehavi, Tamar Karni, Izhak Pappo, Judith Sandbank, Judith Diment, Tanir Allweis
BACKGROUND: Receiving real-time information on tissue properties while performing biopsy procedures has the potential of improving biopsy accuracy. The study goal was to test the ability of a miniature flexible Radio-Frequency (RF) sensor (Dune Medical Devices), designed to be mounted on the surface of surgical tools, in measuring and mapping the various breast tissue types and abnormalities in terms of electrical properties. METHODS: Between January and October 2012, 102 patients undergoing lumpectomy, open-biopsy or mastectomy, in 3 medical centers, were enrolled in this study...
October 10, 2016: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687709/performance-validity-in-undergraduate-research-participants-a-comparison-of-failure-rates-across-tests-and-cutoffs
#11
Kelly Y An, Kristen Kaploun, Laszlo A Erdodi, Christopher A Abeare
OBJECTIVE: This study compared failure rates on performance validity tests (PVTs) across liberal and conservative cutoffs in a sample of undergraduate students participating in academic research. METHOD: Participants (n = 120) were administered four free-standing PVTs (Test of Memory Malingering, Word Memory Test, Rey 15-Item Test, Hiscock Forced-Choice Procedure) and three embedded PVTs (Digit Span, letter and category fluency). Participants also reported their perceived level of effort during testing...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504905/evaluation-of-the-response-bias-scale-and-improbable-failure-scale-in-assessing-feigned-cognitive-impairment
#12
Laura M Grossi, Debbie Green, Shanah Einzig, Brian Belfi
The present study evaluated the Response Bias scale (RBS), a symptom validity test embedded within the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) that assesses for feigned neurocognitive complaints, in a sample of pretrial incompetent to stand trial (IST) criminal defendants. Additionally, we examined the Improbable Failure (IF) scale, a performance validity test embedded within the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms, Second Edition (SIRS-2), which similarly assesses for feigned cognitive impairment (FCI)...
August 8, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411749/cognitive-functioning-in-fibromyalgia-the-central-role-of-effort
#13
Tamar Bar-On Kalfon, Gilad Gal, Ran Shorer, Jacob N Ablin
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) patients demonstrate deficits in tests of attention, executive functioning and verbal memory. We assessed the role of effort in the cognitive impairment in FM patients, alongside common symptoms of pain, fatigue and depression. METHOD: 50 FM patients underwent a computerized cognitive assessment battery including memory, executive function, attention and information processing speed (NeuroTrax Corp.). Age and education standardized scores were computed...
August 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405640/cutoff-scores-for-mmpi-2-and-mmpi-2-rf-cognitive-somatic-validity-scales-for-psychometrically-defined-malingering-groups-in-a-military-sample
#14
Alvin Jones
OBJECTIVE: This research examined cutoff scores for MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF validity scales specifically developed to assess non-credible reporting of cognitive and/or somatic symptoms. The validity scales examined included the Response Bias Scale (RBS), the Symptom Validity Scales (FBS, FBS-r), Infrequent Somatic Responses scale (Fs), and the Henry-Heilbronner Indexes (HHI, HHI-r). METHOD: Cutoffs were developed by comparing a psychometrically defined non-malingering group with three psychometrically defined malingering groups (probable, probable to definite, and definite malingering) and a group that combined all malingering groups...
July 12, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405020/malingering-by-proxy-a-literature-review-and-current-perspectives
#15
Adam Amlani, Gurinder S Grewal, Marc D Feldman
Malingering by proxy (MAL-BP) is a form of maltreatment that involves a caregiver who fabricates or induces signs or symptoms in a child, dependent adult, or pet in pursuit of external, tangible incentives. Rarely studied, MAL-BP has an unknown prevalence, and is a challenging diagnosis for healthcare professionals. Therefore, a comprehensive computer literature search and review was conducted. The review uncovered a total of sixteen case reports of MAL-BP (eleven human, five veterinary). The motive for malingering was financial in all human cases and medication-seeking in all veterinary cases...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284810/detecting-feigned-postconcussional-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-with-the-structured-inventory-of-malingered-symptomatology-sims
#16
Adam C Parks, Jeffrey Gfeller, Natalie Emmert, Hannah Lammert
The Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) is a standalone symptom validity test (SVT) designed as a screening measure to detect a variety of exaggerated psychological symptoms. A number of studies have explored the accuracy of the SIMS in litigious and clinical populations, yet few have examined the validity of the SIMS in detecting feigned symptoms of postconcussional disorder (PCD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study examined the sensitivity of the SIMS in detecting undergraduate simulators (N = 78) feigning symptoms of PCD, PTSD, and the comorbid presentation of both PCD and PTSD symptomatologies...
June 10, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267088/factor-analysis-of-the-msvt-nv-msvt-and-rbans-memory-subtests
#17
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Christopher L Hansen
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation sought to define the relationship between established performance validity tests and measures of memory via a factor analytic strategy first published by Heyanka, Thaler, Linck, Pastorek, Miller, Romesser, & Sim (2015). A Factor analytic approach to the validation of the Word Memory Test and Test of Memory Malingering as measures of effort and not memory. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 30, 369-376. METHOD: The full range of Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and Non-Verbal Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT) subtests were factor analyzed with the memory scales of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of 346 service members with a history of concussion...
August 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183046/the-comparative-capacity-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-and-mmpi-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-validity-scales-to-detect-suspected-malingering-in-a-disability-claimant-sample
#18
Michael Chmielewski, Jiani Zhu, Danielle Burchett, Alison S Bury, R Michael Bagby
The current study expands on past research examining the comparative capacity of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2; Butcher et al., 2001) and MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) overreporting validity scales to detect suspected malingering, as assessed by the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test (M-FAST; Miller, 2001), in a sample of public insurance disability claimants (N = 742) who were considered to have potential incentives to malinger. Results provide support for the capacity of both the MMPI-2 and the MMPI-2-RF overreporting validity scales to predict suspected malingering of psychopathology...
May 16, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138985/a-computerized-test-of-design-fluency
#19
David L Woods, John M Wyma, Timothy J Herron, E William Yund
Tests of design fluency (DF) assess a participant's ability to generate geometric patterns and are thought to measure executive functions involving the non-dominant frontal lobe. Here, we describe the properties of a rapidly administered computerized design-fluency (C-DF) test that measures response times, and is automatically scored. In Experiment 1, we found that the number of unique patterns produced over 90 s by 180 control participants (ages 18 to 82 years) correlated with age, education, and daily computer-use...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137961/poor-symptom-and-performance-validity-in-regularly-referred-hospital-outpatients-link-with-standard-clinical-measures-and-role-of-incentives
#20
Brechje Dandachi-FitzGerald, Björn van Twillert, Peter van de Sande, Yindee van Os, Rudolf W H M Ponds
We investigated the frequency of symptom validity test (SVT) failure and its clinical correlates in a large, heterogeneous sample of hospital outpatients referred for psychological assessment for clinical purposes. We studied patients (N=469), who were regularly referred for assessment to the psychology departments of five hospitals. Background characteristics, including information about incentives, were obtained with a checklist completed by the clinician. As a measure of over-reporting, the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS) was administered to all patients...
May 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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