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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719922/-stigmatization-in-employed-patients-with-breast-intestinal-prostate-and-lung-cancer
#1
Jochen Ernst, Anja Mehnert, Sabine Taubenheim, Anke Rentsch, Beate Hornemann, Peter Esser
Background The stigma of cancer patients can lead to far-reaching consequences, both for the individual and for the society. Quantitative studies on the stigmatization of cancer patients are scarce. The present study assessed the stigma of cancer patients in relation to their status of employment, and analyzes sociodemographic, disease and occupational predictors. Methods In a bicentric study, 858 patients with breast, bowel, lung or prostate cancer were included. Of these, n=305 were employed and entered into the analyses (age average 55 years, 43% female, 47% breast cancer)...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719921/-patient-s-autonomy-and-information-in-psycho-oncology-computer-based-distress-screening-for-an-interactive-treatment-planning-epos-react
#2
Norbert Schäffeler, Jana Sedelmaier, Hannah Möhrer, Katrin Ziser, Johanna Ringwald, Martin Wickert, Sara Brucker, Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
To identify distressed patients in oncology using screening questionnaires is quite challenging in clinical routine. Up to now there is no evidence based recommendation which instrument is most suitable and how to put a screening to practice. Using computer based screening tools offers the possibility to automatically analyse patient's data, inform psycho-oncological and medical staff about the results, and use reactive questionnaires. Studies on how to empower patients in decision making in psycho-oncology are rare...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719810/social-impacts-evaluation-and-insider-outsider-paradigm-floodwater-spreading-project-on-the-gareh-bygone-plain-as-an-illustrative-case
#3
Mostafa Ahmadvand, Ezatollah Karami
Selection of the appropriate social impact evaluation approach has become an important issue in agricultural and rural development projects in developing countries. The aim of this research was to use the lens of insider-outsider or mutual social impact assessment approach to assess the social impacts of floodwater spreading project (FWSP) on the Gareh-Bygone plain, Iran. A survey methodology with systematic sampling techniques was used to select 138 households as insider group in four villages' of the Gareh-Bygone plain which is covered by FWSP...
July 8, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719760/for-whom-the-mind-wanders-and-when-varies-across-laboratory-and-daily-life-settings
#4
Michael J Kane, Georgina M Gross, Charlotte A Chun, Bridget A Smeekens, Matt E Meier, Paul J Silvia, Thomas R Kwapil
Undergraduates ( N = 274) participated in a weeklong daily-life experience-sampling study of mind wandering after being assessed in the lab for executive-control abilities (working memory capacity; attention-restraint ability; attention-constraint ability; and propensity for task-unrelated thoughts, or TUTs) and personality traits. Eight times a day, electronic devices prompted subjects to report on their current thoughts and context. Working memory capacity and attention abilities predicted subjects' TUT rates in the lab, but predicted the frequency of daily-life mind wandering only as a function of subjects' momentary attempts to concentrate...
July 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719257/no-serologic-evidence-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection-among-camel-farmers-exposed-to-highly-seropositive-camel-herds-a-household-linked-study-kenya-2013
#5
Peninah Munyua, Victor Max Corman, Austine Bitek, Eric Osoro, Benjamin Meyer, Marcel A Müller, Erik Lattwein, S M Thumbi, Rees Murithi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Christian Drosten, M Kariuki Njenga
AbstractHigh seroprevalence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) among camels has been reported in Kenya and other countries in Africa. To date, the only report of MERS-CoV seropositivity among humans in Kenya is of two livestock keepers with no known contact with camels. We assessed whether persons exposed to seropositive camels at household level had serological evidence of infection. In 2013, 760 human and 879 camel sera were collected from 275 and 85 households respectively in Marsabit County...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718757/the-impact-of-dispositional-variables-of-elders-relatives-and-paid-caregivers-on-elders-empowerment-and-life-satisfaction
#7
Manuela Tomai, Lina Pezzuti, Minou Mebane, Maura Benedetti, Annalisa Moro
Background/Study Context: The impact of dispositional characteristic of elders' closest network members on elders' life satisfaction and empowerment has remained largely unexplored. This innovative study aimed to assess the impact of dispositional variables of elders, relatives, and paid caregivers on life satisfaction and empowerment of elders. METHODS: One hundred forty-three triads (one elder, one paid caregiver, and one relative) completed six scales measuring modifiable personality characteristics (loneliness, optimism, regulation of positive and negative emotions), life satisfaction, and sense of empowerment...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718755/preliminary-evidence-for-the-effects-of-aging-and-multiple-sclerosis-on-cognitive-performance-an-analysis-based-on-effect-size-estimates
#8
Rachel E Bollaert, Julia M Balto, Brian M Sandroff, Gioella Chaparro, Manuel E Hernandez, Robert W Motl
Background/Study Context: Although cognitive impairment is common in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), there are limited data on older adults with MS. The current pilot study involved a preliminary examination of cognitive impairments across a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in older adults with MS compared with older adults without MS. METHODS: Twenty older adults with MS and 20 older adults without MS (≥60 years of age) underwent cognitive assessments, including the Trail Making Test (TMT) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718751/aging-strikes-the-self-face-advantage-in-featural-processing
#9
Haoyue Qian, Zhiguo Wang, Lingyue Yan, Xiangping Gao
Background/Study Context: The face is the most distinctive physical feature of a person. Previous work has shown that one's own face (self-face) is advantageous in perception. Here the authors investigate how aging influences the configural and featural processing of self-face. METHODS: Older and young adults searched for their own faces and faces of strangers (Experiment 1) or acquaintances (Experiment 2) among distractor faces. The configural and featural processing of faces was assessed with face inversion in Experiment 1 and with changes in point of view in Experiment 2...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#10
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718497/review-of-hiv-treatment-progress-gaps-and-challenges-in-the-caribbean-2005-2015
#11
Yitades Gebre, Nikkiah Meoshi Forbes, Abena Peters
Objective: To highlight the current context of the HIV response in the Caribbean and what remains to be addressed to close gaps in HIV treatment and care and end AIDS by 2030. Methods: We reviewed and analyzed reports from peer-reviewed and gray literature for the period of 2005-2015 on HIV treatment progress and gaps in the Caribbean, based on searches done in four bibliographic databases and three organizations' websites and/or libraries. Data were extracted using forms detailing study objectives, thematic areas for HIV care and treatment in the Caribbean, results, and other key information...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718353/a-multiyear-assessment-of-public-response-to-a-statewide-drug-take-back-and-disposal-campaign-2010-to-2012
#12
Itzhak Yanovitzky
This study is the first to analyze public response to a drug take-back program, the American Medicine Chest Challenge, in a single state over a period of 3 years (2010-2012). The study utilized a three-wave repeated cross-sectional design and an annual phone survey conducted with a representative sample of adults ( N = 906 in 2010, N = 907 in 2011, and N = 906 in 2012), which assessed exposure to the campaign, drug disposal behaviors, possible mediators of campaign effects (risk appraisal, personal agency, normative influence, and interpersonal talk), and potential confounders...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718295/accelerometer-determined-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-national-prospective-cohort-study-of-adults-post-acute-stroke
#13
Paul D Loprinzi, Ovuokerie Addoh
PURPOSE: No epidemiological study has examined the association of objectively measured physical activity with all-cause mortality among adults who have had a stroke, which was the purpose of this study. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-four patients with stroke. MEASURES: Physical activity assessed via accelerometry (ActiGraph 7164), with stroke assessed via self-report of physician diagnosis...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718058/cultural-biases-in-current-medical-practices-with-a-specific-attention-to-orthopedic-surgery-a-review
#14
Gracia Etienne, Todd P Pierce, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Carlos J Lavernia, Teva Y Vogelstein, Craig M Thomas, Charles S Modlin, Michael A Mont
Due to the increasing diversity within the United States population, there is an ever-increasing need for increased education on cultural literacy and tolerance in medical schools and residency programs. The purpose of this article was to review how a person's culture can play a substantive role in effecting and influencing (1) medical diagnosis, (2) patient and health provider medical decision-making, (3) the patient's perception of disease, and (4) the doctor-patient relationships. Many of the decisions we make as orthopedic surgeons must account for the patient's cultural needs, as much of our work impacts patients' daily activities and function...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718029/serum-c-reactive-protein-increases-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-a-prospective-study-and-meta-analysis-of-published-prospective-evidence
#15
Setor K Kunutsor, Samuel Seidu, Ashley W Blom, Kamlesh Khunti, Jari A Laukkanen
Evolving debate suggests that C-reactive protein (CRP) might be associated with the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE); however, the evidence is conflicting. We aimed to assess the prospective association of CRP with VTE risk. C-reactive protein was measured in serum samples at baseline from 2420 men aged 42-61 years, from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease study. Within-person variability in CRP levels was corrected for using repeat measurements of CRP taken 11 years after baseline. Incident VTE events (n = 119) were recorded during a median follow-up of 24...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717981/effects-of-counselling-on-adherence-to-antiretroviral-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-estonia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Anneli Uusküla, Kaja-Triin Laisaar, Mait Raag, Liis Lemsalu, Liilia Lõhmus, Kristi Rüütel, K Rivet Amico
To assess the efficacy of an education- and strengths-based counselling programme to promote antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals with high prevalence of injection drug use in Estonia. Parallel-group randomized (1:1) controlled trial (RCT). Adults receiving ART in two clinics were followed for 12 months. The trial compared: (i) an intervention (three sessions) incorporated into routine clinic visits, providing education about HIV, ART, the role of adherence, and tailoring regimen to daily routines using problem-solving skills to address adherence barriers versus (ii) usual care (control)...
July 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717658/targeting-breast-cancer-outcomes-what-about-the-primary-relatives
#17
Alison Johnston, Michael Sugrue
BACKGROUND: Up to 65% of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients had not been screened correctly before diagnosis resulting in increased stage of cancer at presentation. This study assessed whether their primary relatives are, in turn, assessed appropriately. METHODS: An ethically approved prospective study involving 274 primary relatives of women diagnosed with breast cancer, between 2009-2012, at a symptomatic breast unit in Ireland. Telephone interview established: demographics, menstrual history, family history verification, breast screening history...
July 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717229/investigation-of-autistic-traits-through-strategic-decision-making-in-games-with-adaptive-agents
#18
Alexis B Craig, Emily Grossman, Jeffrey L Krichmar
Autism Spectrum Disorders are characterized by difficulties in communicating and cooperating with other people. Impairment in Theory of Mind (ToM), the ability to infer what another person is thinking, may contribute to these social deficits. The present study assesses the relationship between autistic traits and decision-making in a socioeconomic game environment that measures ToM and cooperation. We quantified participant strategy during game play with computer agents that simulated aspects of ToM or fixed strategy agents with static behaviors or heuristics...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717000/empathy-burnout-and-antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-a-cross-sectional-primary-care-study-in-the-us
#19
Bob Z Sun, Alexander Chaitoff, Bo Hu, Kathleen Neuendorf, Mahesh Manne, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: The impact of physician-patient relationship factors, such as physician empathy and burnout, on antibiotic prescribing has not been characterised. AIM: To assess associations between physician empathy and burnout and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of primary care practices in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the US. METHOD: Patient and prescribing data were obtained from the medical record...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716855/frailty-screening-tools-for-elderly-patients-incident-to-dialysis
#20
Ismay N van Loon, Namiko A Goto, Franciscus T J Boereboom, Michiel L Bots, Marianne C Verhaar, Marije E Hamaker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A geriatric assessment is an appropriate method for identifying frail elderly patients. In CKD, it may contribute to optimize personalized care. However, a geriatric assessment is time consuming. The purpose of our study was to compare easy to apply frailty screening tools with the geriatric assessment in patients eligible for dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A total of 123 patients on incident dialysis ≥65 years old were included <3 weeks before to ≤2 weeks after dialysis initiation, and all underwent a geriatric assessment...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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