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Assessment psychosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223807/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-psychosis-in-a-uk-early-intervention-service-results-of-a-retrospective-case-note-study
#1
Francesca D Reeder, Nusrat Husain, Abdul Rhouma, Peter M Haddad, Tariq Munshi, Farooq Naeem, Davit Khachatryan, Imran B Chaudhry
AIM: There is evidence that childhood trauma is a risk factor for the development of psychosis and it is recommended that childhood trauma is inquired about in all patients presenting with psychosis. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of childhood trauma in patients in the UK Early Intervention Service based on a case note review. METHODS: This is a retrospective case note study of 296 patients in an UK Early Intervention Service. Trauma history obtained on service entry was reviewed and trauma experienced categorized...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222514/one-year-evolution-of-behavioral-and%C3%A2-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-patients-initially-hospitalized-in%C3%A2-cognitive-behavioral-units-the-evital-prospective-cohort
#2
Isabelle Rouch, Elodie Pongan, Béatrice Trombert, Florence Fabre, Nicolas Auguste, Claire Sellier, Magalie Freulon, Sophie Jacqueline, Denis Federico, Christelle Mouchoux, Géraldine Martin-Gaujard, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Bernard Laurent, Jean-Michel Dorey
BACKGROUND: The 2008-2012 French Alzheimer's Plan has provided hospital Cognitive and Behavioral Units (CBU) to improve the management of patients with productive behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Little is known concerning the behavioral outcome of these patients after discharge. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the long-term evolution of BPSD over one year after CBU discharge. METHODS: The EVITAL cohort included 221 participants admitted to the CBUs of 3 French hospitals...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#3
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219487/evidence-for-the-risks-and-consequences-of-adolescent-cannabis-exposure
#4
REVIEW
Amir Levine, Kelly Clemenza, Moira Rynn, Jeffrey Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This review of the scientific literature examines the potential adult sequelae of exposure to cannabis and related synthetic cannabinoids in adolescence. We examine the four neuropsychiatric outcomes that are likely most vulnerable to alteration by early cannabinoid use, as identified within both the clinical and preclinical research: cognition, emotional functioning, risk for psychosis, and addiction. METHOD: A literature search was conducted through PubMed, PsychInfo, and Google Scholar with no publication date restrictions...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214175/the-traumatic-experience-of-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Rebecca Rodrigues, Kelly K Anderson
INTRODUCTION: A psychotic episode may be sufficiently traumatic to induce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which could impact outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP). The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms in relation to psychosis in FEP and to identify risk factors for the development of PTSD symptoms. METHODS: We searched electronic databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists and tables of contents to identify relevant studies...
February 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212506/dimensional-and-discrete-variations-on-the-psychosis-continuum-in-a-dutch-crowd-sourcing-population-sample
#6
J T W Wigman, K J Wardenaar, R B K Wanders, S H Booij, B F Jeronimus, L van der Krieke, M Wichers, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Mild psychotic experiences are common in the general population. Although transient and benign in most cases, these experiences are predictive of later mental health problems for a significant minority. The goal of the present study was to perform examinations of the dimensional and discrete variations in individuals' reporting of subclinical positive and negative psychotic experiences in a unique Dutch internet-based sample from the general population. METHODS: Positive and negative subclinical psychotic experiences were measured with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences in 2870 individuals...
December 18, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212505/long-term-validity-of-the-at-risk-mental-state-arms-for-predicting-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mental-disorders
#7
P Fusar-Poli, G Rutigliano, D Stahl, C Davies, A De Micheli, V Ramella-Cravaro, I Bonoldi, P McGuire
BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical validity of the At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for the prediction of non-psychotic mental disorders is unknown. METHODS: Clinical register-based cohort study including all non-psychotic individuals assessed by the Outreach And Support in South London (OASIS) service (2002-2015). The primary outcome was risk of developing any mental disorder (psychotic or non-psychotic). Analyses included Cox proportional hazard models, Kaplan-Meier survival/failure function and C statistics...
December 6, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212173/prediction-of-conversion-to-psychosis-in-individuals-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-a-brief-update-on-recent-developments
#8
Anita Riecher-Rössler, Erich Studerus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: So far, only little more than one-third of individuals classified as being at-risk for psychosis have been shown to actually convert to frank psychosis during follow-up. There have therefore been enormous efforts to improve the accuracy of predicting this transition. We reviewed the most recent studies in the field with the aim to clarify whether accuracy of prediction has been improved by the different research endeavors and what could be done to further improve it, and/or what alternative goals research should pursue...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209215/the-relevance-of-goal-orientation-for-motivation-in-high-versus-low-proneness-to-negative-symptoms
#9
Björn Schlier, Maike Engel, Anne-Katharina Fladung, Anja Fritzsche, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND: The psychological mechanisms of why individuals with negative symptoms fail to initiate and perform goal-directed behavior are not well understood. Drawing on the reward-sensitivity and expectancy-value theories, we investigate whether negative symptom-like experiences (NSLE) are associated with generating less approach goals (aimed at reaching a positive outcome) and more avoidance goals (aimed at avoiding a negative outcome) and whether this type of goal-orientation explains motivational deficits (i...
June 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202428/patient-use-of-electronic-prescription-refill-and-secure-messaging-and-its-association-with-undetectable-hiv-viral-load-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
D Keith McInnes, Stephanie L Shimada, Amanda M Midboe, Kim M Nazi, Shibei Zhao, Justina Wu, Casey M Garvey, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Electronic personal health records (PHRs) can support patient self-management of chronic conditions. Managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load, through taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial to long term survival of persons with HIV. Many persons with HIV have difficulty adhering to their ART over long periods of time. PHRs contribute to chronic disease self-care and may help persons with HIV remain adherent to ART. Proportionally veterans with HIV are among the most active users of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) PHR, called My HealtheVet...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199868/sexual-dysfunction-and-central-obesity-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#11
C Theleritis, S Bonaccorso, N Habib, D Stahl, F Gaughran, S Vitoratou, Z Atakan, A Kolliakou, P Gardner Sood, P Dazzan, T R Marques, P McGuire, K Greenwood, J Eberhard, J Breedvelt, S Ferracuti, M Di Forti, R M Murray, S Smith
BACKGROUND: In recent years the association between sexual dysfunction (SD) and obesity in the general population has drawn major attention. Although sexual dysfunction is common in psychosis, its relationship with weight gain and obesity remains unclear. AIMS: To investigate the association between sexual dysfunction and obesity in a cohort of patients with first episode psychosis. METHOD: Sexual function was assessed in a cohort of patients with first episode psychosis using the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ)...
February 12, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199798/the-hotel-study-clinical-and-health-service-effectiveness-in-a-cohort-of-homeless-or-marginally-housed-persons
#12
William G Honer, Alejandro Cervantes-Larios, Andrea A Jones, Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Julio S Montaner, Howard Tran, Jimmy Nham, William J Panenka, Donna J Lang, Allen E Thornton, Talia Vertinsky, Alasdair M Barr, Ric M Procyshyn, Geoffrey N Smith, Tari Buchanan, Mel Krajden, Michael Krausz, G William MacEwan, Kristina M Gicas, Olga Leonova, Verena Langheimer, Alexander Rauscher, Krista Schultz
OBJECTIVE: The Hotel Study was initiated in Vancouver's Downtown East Side (DTES) neighborhood to investigate multimorbidity in homeless or marginally housed people. We evaluated the clinical effectiveness of existing, illness-specific treatment strategies and assessed the effectiveness of health care delivery for multimorbid illnesses. METHOD: For context, we mapped the housing locations of patients presenting for 552,062 visits to the catchment hospital emergency department (2005-2013)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196549/mental-health-related-stigma-and-pathways-to-care-for-people-at-risk-of-psychotic-disorders-or-experiencing-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#13
P C Gronholm, G Thornicroft, K R Laurens, S Evans-Lacko
BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with mental illness can delay or prevent help-seeking and service contact. Stigma-related influences on pathways to care in the early stages of psychotic disorders have not been systematically examined. METHOD: This review systematically assessed findings from qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods research studies on the relationship between stigma and pathways to care (i.e. processes associated with help-seeking and health service contact) among people experiencing first-episode psychosis or at clinically defined increased risk of developing psychotic disorder...
February 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193373/-metachromatic-leukodystrophy-case-presentation
#14
Lina María Espejo, Ricardo de la Espriella, José Fernando Hernández
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare demyelinating disease (prevalence 1:40 000), also called arylsulfatase A deficiency (ARS-A), which may present with neurological and psychiatric symptoms. Clinical assessment may be difficult, due to unspecific signs and symptoms. A case is presented of a 16 year-old female patient seen in psychiatry due to behavioural changes, psychosis, and with impaired overall performance. She was initially diagnosed with schizophrenia, but the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) scan and laboratory tests lead to the diagnosis of MLD...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192769/disorganization-at-the-stage-of-schizophrenia-clinical-outcome-clinical-biological-study
#15
A Nestsiarovich, V Obyedkov, H Kandratsenka, M Siniauskaya, I Goloenko, N Waszkiewicz
BACKGROUND: According to the multidimensional model of schizophrenia, three basic psychopathological dimensions constitute its clinical structure: positive symptoms, negative symptoms and disorganization. The latter one is the newest and the least studied. Our aim was to discriminate disorganization in schizophrenia clinical picture and to identify its distinctive biological and socio-psychological particularities and associated genetic and environmental factors. METHODS: We used SAPS/SANS psychometrical scales, scales for the assessment of patient's compliance, insight, social functioning, life quality...
December 30, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189079/metacognitive-mastery-in-persons-with-first-episode-psychosis-and-their-caregivers-implications-for-timely-help-seeking-and-caregiver-experiences-brief-report
#16
Jens Einar Jansen, Paul H Lysaker, Anne Marie Trauelsen, Lauren Luther, Ulrik Helt Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene Buch Pedersen, Erik Simonsen
While metacognitive mastery seems to be closely linked to general functioning in persons with psychosis, little is known of metacognitive capacity of family members, who often play an important role in recovery and often report high levels of distress. We gathered assessments of metacognitive mastery from persons with first-episode psychosis and their mothers. We found that relatively higher overall mean mastery levels among the dyads, was related to less negative caregiver experiences, and less caregiver criticism...
February 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177191/development-of-an-implementation-guide-to-facilitate-the-roll-out-of-early-intervention-services-for-psychosis
#17
Sarah E Hetrick, Denise A O'Connor, Heather Stavely, Frank Hughes, Kerryn Pennell, Eoin Killackey, Patrick D McGorry
AIM: Our aim was to develop an implementation guide that was informed by an analysis of context-specific barriers and enablers, behaviour change theory, as well as evidence about the effects of implementation interventions, for the establishment and scaling up of an early intervention model for psychosis (called Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre (EPPIC)). METHODS: We used a systematic approach involving four steps. First, the target behaviours of the EPPIC model for implementation were specified...
February 8, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169087/adolescents-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-circadian-rhythm-disturbances-predict-worsened-prognosis-at-1-year-follow-up
#18
Jessica R Lunsford-Avery, Bruno da Silva Brandão Gonçalves, Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo A Bressan, Ary Gadelha, Randy P Auerbach, Vijay A Mittal
BACKGROUND: Individuals with psychotic disorders experience disruptions to both the sleep and circadian components of the sleep/wake cycle. Recent evidence has supported a role of sleep disturbances in emerging psychosis. However, less is known about how circadian rhythm disruptions may relate to psychosis symptoms and prognosis for adolescents with clinical high-risk (CHR) syndromes. The present study examines circadian rest/activity rhythms in CHR and healthy control (HC) youth to clarify the relationships among circadian rhythm disturbance, psychosis symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and the longitudinal course of illness...
February 4, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168698/cannabis-use-and-symptom-severity-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#19
R Carney, J Cotter, J Firth, T Bradshaw, A R Yung
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether individuals at ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis have higher rates of cannabis use and cannabis use disorders (CUDs) than non-UHR individuals and determine whether UHR cannabis users have more severe psychotic experiences than non-users. METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis of studies reporting cannabis use in the UHR group and/or positive or negative symptoms among UHR cannabis users and non-users. Logit event rates were calculated for cannabis use, in addition to odds ratios to assess the difference between UHR and controls...
February 7, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167329/the-role-of-set-shifting-in-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#20
Sara Siddi, Donatella Rita Petretto, Caterina Burrai, Rosanna Scanu, Antonella Baita, Pierfranco Trincas, Emanuela Trogu, Liliana Campus, Augusto Contu, Antonio Preti
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are a cardinal characteristic of psychosis. Recent research on the neuropsychological mechanism of AVHs has focused on source monitoring failure, but a few studies have suggested the involvement of attention, working memory, processing speed, verbal learning, memory, and executive functions. In this study we examined the neuropsychological profile of patients with AVHs, assuming that the mechanism underlying this symptom could be a dysfunction of specific cognitive domains...
January 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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