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Cognitive therapy depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677451/treatment-features-associated-with-youth-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-follow-up-effects-for-internalizing-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#1
Michael Sun, Leslie R Rith-Najarian, Timothy J Williamson, Bruce F Chorpita
Our aim was to investigate whether four treatment features (i.e., the inclusion of parental involvement, goal-setting strategies, maintenance/relapse prevention sessions, the addition of booster sessions) were associated with posttreatment and follow-up effect size of youth cognitive behavioral therapies (yCBTs) for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder in age groups spanning young children to adolescents. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis of 106 yCBTs tested in 76 randomized clinical trials from the PracticeWise Database to examine average effects of yCBTs posttreatment and at a later follow-up assessment...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676960/psychotherapy-targeting-depression-and-anxiety-for-use-in-palliative-care-a-meta-analysis
#2
Jessica J Fulton, Amie R Newins, Laura S Porter, Katherine Ramos
BACKGROUND: Research on the effectiveness of evidence-based practices in the treatment of depression and anxiety with palliative care populations is primarily limited to individuals having specific conditions such as cancer. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the effect of psychotherapy on depression and anxiety among individuals with any condition appropriate for palliative care. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases until August 2017...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674846/costs-of-medication-in-older-patients-before-and-after-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#3
Gulcin Done Unutmaz, Pinar Soysal, Busra Tuven, Ahmet Turan Isik
Background: Polypharmacy and inappropriate drug use cause numerous complications, such as cognitive impairment, frailty, falls, and functional dependence. The present study aimed to determine the effect of the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs), and to evaluate the economic reflections of medication changes. Methods: One thousand five hundred and seventy-nine older patients, who had undergone CGA, were retrospectively evaluated...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673379/erythropoietin-as-an-add-on-treatment-for-cognitive-side-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lejla Sjanic Schmidt, Jeff Zarp Petersen, Maj Vinberg, Ida Hageman, Niels Vidiendal Olsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment for severe depression, but its use is impeded by its cognitive side effects. Novel treatments that can counteract these side effects may therefore improve current treatment strategies for depression. The present randomized trial investigates (1) whether short-term add-on treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) can reduce the cognitive side -effects of ECT and (2) whether such effects are long-lasting. Further, structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be used to explore the neural underpinnings of such beneficial effects of EPO...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671524/light-therapy-improves-behavioral-disturbances-sleep-depression-in-older-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#5
Henry C Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671504/buprenorphine-therapy-for-opioid-use-disorder
#6
Roger Zoorob, Alicia Kowalchuk, Maria Mejia de Grubb
Opioid misuse, including the use of heroin and the overprescribing, misuse, and diversion of opioid pain medications, has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. As a result, there has been a dramatic increase in opioid use disorder and associated overdoses and deaths. Addiction is a chronic brain disease with a genetic component that affects motivation, inhibition, and cognition. Patient characteristics associated with successful buprenorphine maintenance treatment include stable or controlled medical or psychiatric comorbidities and a safe, substance-free environment...
March 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670407/first-episode-psychosis-as-the-initial-presentation-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report
#7
Athena Enderami, Rose Fouladi, Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). MS with episode of psychosis is a rare entity, and to the best of our knowledge, no case has been reported from Iran till date. Case presentation: We report a case of MS with first-episode psychosis in a 27-year-old single man with no history of psychiatric disorder or drug abuse. The patient developed neurological symptoms after 3 months and was finally diagnosed as a case of MS...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#8
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668746/early-improvement-of-executive-test-performance-during-antidepressant-treatment-predicts-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Stefanie Wagner, Isabella Helmreich, Daniel Wollschläger, Konstantin Meyer, Sabine Kaaden, Julia Reiff, Sibylle C Roll, Dieter Braus, Oliver Tüscher, Florian Müller-Dahlhaus, André Tadić, Klaus Lieb
Executive dysfunctions frequently occur in patients with Major Depressive Disorder and have been shown to improve during effective antidepressant treatment. However, the time course of improvement and its relationship to treatment outcome is unknown. The aim of the study was to assess the test performance and clinical outcome by repetitive assessments of executive test procedures during antidepressant treatment. Executive test performance was assessed in 209 -patients with Major Depressive Disorder (mean age 39...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668446/antidepressant-effect-and-recognition-memory-improvement-of-two-novel-plant-extract-combinations-antistress-i-and-anti-stress-ii-on-rats-subjected-to-a-model-of-mild-chronic-stress
#10
Ilin K Kandilarov, Hristina I Zlatanova, Maria T Georgieva-Kotetarova, Ivanka I Kostadinova, Mariana N Katsarova, Stela Z Dimitrova, Ludmil K Lukanov, Ferit Sadakov
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress is one of the main factors which lead to depression - a psychiatric disorder affecting millions of people and predicted to be the second ranked cause of premature death in 2020. Depression is often associated with cognitive disturbances and memory deficit. Plant based therapy could be effective in the treatment of mild to moderate depression due to its low level of adverse reaction, its good tolerability and compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 72 male Wistar rats, divided in 9 groups were given orally for 8 weeks two combinations of dry plant extracts - Antistress I and Antistress II and five individual dry extracts obtained from Serratula coronata, Hypericum perforatum, Valeriana officinalis, Crataegus monogyna and Melissa officinalis...
March 1, 2018: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668364/increased-resilience-is-associated-with-positive-treatment-outcomes-for-veterans-with-comorbid-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#11
Adam P McGuire, Natalie P Mota, Lauren M Sippel, Kevin M Connolly, Judith A Lyons
OBJECTIVE: Resilience has been associated with less severe psychiatric symptomatology and better treatment outcomes among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD). However, it remains unknown whether resilience increases during psychotherapy within the comorbid PTSD and SUD population with unique features of dual-diagnosis, including trauma cue-related cravings. We tested whether veterans seeking psychotherapy for comorbid PTSD-SUD reported increased resilience from pre- to post-treatment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667223/mental-health-and-well-being-in-parents-of-excessively-crying-infants-prospective-evaluation-of-a-support-package
#12
C Powell, D Bamber, J Long, R Garratt, J Brown, S Rudge, T Morris, N Bhupendra Jaicim, R Plachcinski, S Dyson, E M Boyle, I St James-Roberts
BACKGROUND: During the first 4 months of age, approximately 20% of infants cry a lot without an apparent reason. Most research has targeted the crying, but the impact of the crying on parents, and subsequent outcomes, need to receive equal attention. This study reports the findings from a prospective evaluation of a package of materials designed to support the well-being and mental health of parents who judge their infant to be crying excessively. The resulting "Surviving Crying" package comprised a website, printed materials, and programme of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy-based support sessions delivered to parents by a qualified practitioner...
April 17, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666751/an-open-trial-of-individualized-face-to-face-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-psychological-distress-in-parents-of-children-after-end-of-treatment-for-childhood-cancer-including-a-cognitive-behavioral-conceptualization
#13
Lisa Ljungman, Martin Cernvall, Ata Ghaderi, Gustaf Ljungman, Louise von Essen, Brjánn Ljótsson
Objective: A subgroup of parents of children who have been treated for childhood cancer report high levels of psychological distress. To date there is no empirically supported psychological treatment targeting cancer-related psychological distress in this population. The aim of the current study was to test the feasibility and preliminarily evaluate the effect of individualized face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for parents of children after the end of treatment for childhood cancer...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665520/treatment-resistant-depression-and-suicidality
#14
REVIEW
Isidoor O Bergfeld, Mariska Mantione, Martijn Figee, P Richard Schuurman, Anja Lok, Damiaan Denys
BACKGROUND: Thirty percent of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) attempt suicide at least once during their lifetime. However, it is unclear what the attempted and completed suicide incidences are in TRD patients after initiating a treatment, and whether specific treatments increase or decrease these incidences. METHODS: We searched PubMed systematically for studies of depressed patients who failed at least two antidepressant therapies and were followed for at least three months after initiating a treatment...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662524/parent-only-group-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-children-with-anxiety-disorders-a-control-group-study
#15
Elham Salari, Zahra Shahrivar, Javad Mahmoudi-Gharaei, Elham Shirazi, Mitra Sepasi
Objective: Parents play an important role in development and continuation of anxiety disorders in children. Yet the evidence on parent contribution in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety is limited. This open randomized trial examined the effectiveness of a parent-directed group CBT to manage children with anxiety disorders. Method: Parents of 42 children aged 6-12 with primary anxiety disorders were allocated to a six, two-hour weekly intervention and a wait-list (WL) control...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659593/the-complexity-of-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-wards-evaluated-by-fadoi-complimed-score-s-a-hypothetical-approach
#16
Erminio Bonizzoni, Gualberto Gussoni, Giancarlo Agnelli, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Moira Bonfanti, Franco Mastroianni, Marco Candela, Carlotta Franchi, Stefania Frasson, Antonio Greco, Micaela La Regina, Roberta Re, Giorgio Vescovo, Mauro Campanini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to develop a new predictive model to measure complexity of patients in medical wards. SETTING: 29 Internal Medicine departments in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort was made of 541 consecutive patients hospitalized for any cause, aged more than 40 years and with at least two chronic diseases. First, we applied a hierarchical cluster analysis and the principal component analysis (PCA) to a panel of questionnaires [comorbidity (Charlson, CIRS), clinical stability (MEWS), social frailty (Flugelman), cognitive dysfunction (SPSMQ), depression (5-item GDS), functional dependence (ADL, IADL, Barthel), risk of sore threats (Exton-Smith scale), nutrition (MNA), pain (NRPS), adherence to therapy (Morisky scale)], in order to select domains informative for the definition of complexity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659120/patterns-of-depressive-symptom-remission-during-the-treatment-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-light-therapy
#17
Jonah Meyerhoff, Michael A Young, Kelly J Rohan
BACKGROUND: To elucidate mechanisms related to remission in winter seasonal affective disorder (SAD), we explored the course of individual depressive symptom offset across two distinct treatment modalities that show comparable outcomes at treatment endpoint: cognitive-behavioral therapy for SAD (CBT-SAD) and light therapy (LT). METHOD: One hundred seventy-seven adults with SAD in a depressive episode were randomized to 6-weeks of CBT-SAD (n = 88) or LT (n = 89)...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659106/individual-treatment-selection-for-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Anne-Katharina Deisenhofer, Jaime Delgadillo, Julian A Rubel, Jan R Böhnke, Dirk Zimmermann, Brian Schwartz, Wolfgang Lutz
BACKGROUND: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Tf-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are two highly effective treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, on an individual level, PTSD patients vary substantially in treatment response. The aim of the paper is to test the application of a treatment selection method based on a personalized advantage index (PAI). METHOD: The study used clinical data for patients accessing treatment for PTSD in a primary care mental health service in the north of England...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657926/efficacy-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-maintenance-treatment-and-relapse-prevention-for-bipolar-adolescents
#19
Soroor Arman, Farnaz Golmohammadi, Mohammadreza Maracy, Mitra Molaeinezhad
Background: Despite conducting wide-ranging of pharmacotherapy for bipolar adolescents, many of them are showing a deficit in functioning with high relapse rate. The aim of the current study was to develop a manual and investigate the efficacy of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (G-CBT) for female bipolar adolescents. Materials and Methods: During the first qualitative phase of a mixed-methods study, a manual of G-CBT was developed. Then, 32 female bipolar adolescents aged 12-19 years old, receiving usual maintenance medications (UMM), were selected...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657693/the-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-man-smokers-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
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