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Cognitive therapy depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053121/-possibilities-of-cavinton-therapy-regimen-for-infusions-and-cavinton-comforte-in-acute-and-early-recovery-periods-after-ischemic-stroke
#1
L A Belova, V V Mashin, A N Proshin, A N Ovsyannicova, B B Kostishko
AIM: To study the efficacy of a current regimen of treatment with cavinton for infusions and cavinton comforte in patients with ischemic stroke in acute and early recovery periods and to evaluate an impact of treatment on erythrocyte deformity using atomic power microscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four patients with hemispheric ischemic stroke, aged from 30 to 79 years, were randomized into main (n=100) and control (n=64) groups. Patients of the main group received complex treatment (basic therapy and cavinton R for drop infusions (10 intravenously during 10 days) followed by cavinton R comforte in dose 10 mg, 1 tablet 3 times a day during 90 days)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052308/an-audit-of-ect-in-england-2011-2015-usage-demographics-and-adherence-to-guidelines-and-legislation
#2
John Read, Christopher Harrop, Jim Geekie, Julia Renton
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England, but without comprehensive national auditing. Therefore, information was gathered on usage, demographics, consent, and adherence to the guidelines of the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (N.I.C.E.) and to the Mental Health Act. DESIGN AND METHODS: Freedom of Information Act requests were sent to 56 National Health Service Trusts. RESULTS: Thirty-two trusts provided some usable data...
October 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051138/effectiveness-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue-compared-to-an-active-control-condition-results-of-the-fitter-na-kanker-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Fieke Z Bruggeman-Everts, Marije D J Wolvers, Rens van de Schoot, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, Marije L Van der Lee
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of all patients who have been successfully treated for cancer suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). Effective and easily accessible interventions are needed for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The current paper reports on the results of a 3-armed randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical effectiveness of two different guided Web-based interventions for reducing CCRF compared to an active control condition...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047288/upregulating-positive-affectivity-in-the-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-a-randomized-pilot-study
#4
Alberto González-Robles, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa Baños, Soledad Quero, Cristina Botella
Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (ED) has proven to be effective. However, current transdiagnostic treatment protocols address only the regulation of negative affectivity, and they do not include treatment components to more directly target the regulation of positive affectivity. In this study, we propose to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for ED that includes, as an innovative feature, a specific treatment component to directly upregulate positive affectivity based on positive psychology interventions...
October 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043894/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-halves-the-risk-of-repeated-suicide-attempts-systematic-review
#5
Peter C Gøtzsche, Pernille K Gøtzsche
Objective To study whether cognitive behavioural therapy decreases suicide attempts in people with previous suicide attempts. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Setting Randomised trials that compare cognitive behavioural therapy with treatment as usual. Participants Patients who had engaged in any type of suicide attempt in the six months prior to trial entry resulting in presentation to clinical services. Main outcome measure Suicide attempt. Results We included ten trials, eight from Cochrane reviews and two from our updated searches (1241 patients, 219 of whom had at least one new suicide attempt)...
October 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042886/effects-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-young-patients-in-the-early-stage-of-psychosis
#6
Sung-Wan Kim, Ji-Eun Jang, Ju-Yeon Lee, Ga-Young Lee, Hye-Young Yu, Cheol Park, Hee-Ju Kang, Jae-Min Kim, Jin-Sang Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To develop a model of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for Korean patients with early psychosis. METHODS: The group CBT utilized in the present study consisted of metacognitive training, cognitive restructuring, and lifestyle managements. The Subjective Well-being Under Neuroleptics (SWN-K), Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ), Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) were administered prior to and after CBT sessions...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038777/the-abcd-study-of-neurodevelopment-identifying-neurocircuit-targets-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-adolescent-substance-abuse
#7
James M Bjork, Lisa K Straub, Rosellen G Provost, Michael C Neale
Substance use disorders (SUD) can be considered developmental disorders in light of their frequent origins in substance initiation during adolescence. Cross-sectional functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of adolescent substance users or adolescents with SUD have indicated aberrations in brain structures or circuits implicated in motivation, self-control, and mood-regulation. However, attributing these differences to the neurotoxicological effects of chronic substance use has been problematic in that these circuits are also aberrant in at-risk children, such as those with prenatal substance exposure, externalizing disorders (such as conduct disorder), or prodromal internalizing disorders such as depression...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033617/family-accommodation-in-adult-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-clinical-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Umberto Albert, Alessandra Baffa, Giuseppe Maina
The term accommodation has been used to refer to family responses specifically related to obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms: it encompasses behaviors such as directly participating in compulsions, assisting a relative with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) when he/she is performing a ritual, or helping him/her to avoid triggers that may precipitate obsessions and compulsions. At the opposite side, family responses to OCD may also include interfering with the rituals or actively opposing them; stopping accommodating OC symptoms or actively interfering with their performance is usually associated with greater distress and sometimes even with aggressive behaviors from the patients...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033279/guided-self-help-cognitive-behaviour-intervention-for-voices-give-results-from-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-transdiagnostic-sample
#9
Cassie M Hazell, Mark Hayward, Kate Cavanagh, Anna-Marie Jones, Clara Strauss
BACKGROUND: Few patients have access to cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) even though at least 16 sessions of CBTp is recommended in treatment guidelines. Briefer CBTp could improve access as the same number of therapists could see more patients. In addition, focusing on single psychotic symptoms, such as auditory hallucinations ('voices'), rather than on psychosis more broadly, may yield greater benefits. METHOD: This pilot RCT recruited 28 participants (with a range of diagnoses) from NHS mental health services who were distressed by hearing voices...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028908/negative-affect-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-incident-cognitive-impairment-in-nondepressed-postmenopausal-women
#10
Laura E Korthauer, Joseph Goveas, Mark A Espeland, Sally A Shumaker, Katelyn R Garcia, Hilary Tindle, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Kaycee M Sink, Leslie Vaughan, Stephen R Rapp, Susan M Resnick, Ira Driscoll
BACKGROUND: Positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) reflect subjective emotional experiences. Although related to depression and anxiety, these dimensions are distinct constructs representing affective states and patterns. Prior studies suggest that elevated depressive symptoms are associated with risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and probable dementia, but whether affective states are associated with cognitive impairment is still unknown. The present study examined relationships between baseline affective states and cognitive impairment (MCI, probable dementia) in non-depressed women...
September 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026639/optimising-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-novel-complex-interventions-an-iterative-person-based-approach-to-developing-the-uk-morita-therapy-outpatient-protocol
#11
Holly Victoria Rose Sugg, David A Richards, Julia Frost
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to showcase best practice in intervention development by illustrating a systematic, iterative, person-based approach to optimising intervention acceptability and feasibility, as applied to the cross-cultural adaptation of Morita therapy for depression and anxiety. METHODS: We developed the UK Morita therapy outpatient protocol over four stages integrating literature synthesis and qualitative research. Firstly, we conducted in-depth interviews combining qualitative and cognitive interviewing techniques, utilising vignettes of Morita therapy being delivered and analysed using Framework analysis to investigate potential patients and therapists' perceptions of Morita therapy...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018559/author-s-reply-the-cognitive-therapy-of-depression
#12
Richard G T Gipps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018552/the-cognitive-therapy-of-depression-rests-on-substantial-theoretical-empirical-and-clinical-foundations-a-reply-to-dr-gipps
#13
Stirling Moorey
Dr Gipps claims that the cognitive therapy for depression rests on a mistake. But his anachronistic analysis of Beck's early research from the perspective of current psychoanalytic theory misses the point. The value of the research was not that it disproved psychoanalytic theory, but that it generated a model of depression that has revolutionised psychotherapy research. Psychoanalysts are belatedly adopting research methods that Beck pioneered half a century ago. The cognitive model of depression has explanatory power for both maintenance and vulnerability and has substantial research underpinning it...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018551/does-the-cognitive-therapy-of-depression-rest-on-a-mistake
#14
Richard G T Gipps
Cognitive therapy for depression is common practice in today's National Health Service, yet it does not work well. Aaron Beck developed it after becoming disillusioned with the psychoanalytic theory and therapy he espoused and practised. But Beck's understanding of psychoanalysis appears to have been seriously flawed. Understood rightly, the psychoanalytic approach offers a cogent theory and therapy for depression which, unlike the cognitive approach, takes us to its emotional-motivational roots. A clinically successful therapy can afford to eschew theory and rest on its pragmatic laurels...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017481/cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-patients-with-physical-diseases-and-comorbid-depressive-or-adjustment-disorders-on-a-waiting-list-for-individual-therapy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Miriam Ruesch, Almut Helmes, Juergen Bengel
BACKGROUND: Depressive and adjustment disorders are highly prevalent in patients with physical diseases and are associated with poorer quality of life, increased morbidity and mortality, as well as higher healthcare costs. Access to mental health care holds strong importance for these patients, although waiting times for outpatient individual psychotherapy in Germany are often long. Attending an intervention while waiting for individual therapy could improve this problem. For this purpose, we developed an eight-session cognitive behavioral group therapy (STEpS) and tested its efficacy in a randomized controlled trial...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016937/screening-for-insomnia-an-observational-study-examining-sleep-disturbances-headache-characteristics-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-visiting-a-headache-center
#16
Olivia Begasse de Dhaem, Elizabeth Seng, Mia T Minen
Objective: Effective treatments for insomnia exist, but few physicians treating headaches have routine methods for screening for insomnia. We sought to 1) describe the migraine characteristics and comorbid conditions that can affect sleep and 2) assess their relationships with positive screens on the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of the migraine and sleep characteristics of new patients in our headache center (August 15, 2015-October 28, 2015) who were suspected of having migraines based on the new patient intake questionnaire...
July 21, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016468/a-systematic-review-of-reminiscence-therapy-for-older-adults-in-taiwan
#17
Hsin-Yen Yen, Li-Jung Lin
BACKGROUND: Population aging is an increasing phenomenon in many countries around the world. It has been estimated that more than one quarter of all older adults experience a mental or neurological disorder or disease such as dementia, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. Reminiscence is a popular treatment for enhancing well-being in older adults. Previous studies have shown that reminiscence therapy improves the cognitive functions, behaviors, and other psychosocial outcomes in older adult patients...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994200/a-nonpharmacological-approach-to-improve-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#18
Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Hui Yu Chan, Feng Lei, Ee Heok Kua
OBJECTIVES: Poor sleep quality is highly prevalent among older adults and is associated with poor quality of life, cognitive and physical decline, depression, and increased mortality. Medication options commonly used are not ideal, and alternative treatment strategies are needed. We evaluate a community-based psychosocial intervention program and its effect on sleep quality in older adults. METHOD: Elderly participants aged 60 and above were included. Those with Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Anxiety Inventory scores above 5 and 10, respectively, were excluded...
October 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993113/the-cognitive-impact-of-chronic-low-back-pain-positive-effect-of-multidisciplinary-pain-therapy
#19
Marcus Schiltenwolf, Michael Akbar, Eva Neubauer, Simone Gantz, Herta Flor, Andreas Hug, Haili Wang
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the affected cognitive problems in chronic low back pain patients. For this patient cohort research mostly focused on memory of pain, rather than cognitive difficulties related to pain. Chronic pain may be associated with specific (yet undefined) cognitive deficits that affect everyday behaviour. We set out to compare the cognitive function of patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) in the course of multidisciplinary pain treatments before and after therapy...
October 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992857/anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors
#20
REVIEW
Jean C Yi, Karen L Syrjala
Most cancer survivors adjust well to life after cancer but some experience persisting negative mood, such as cancer-related fears, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, or depression. Mood fluctuations may not reach criteria for a clinical diagnosis but subclinical symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Women, adolescents, and young adults are particularly at risk for mood disturbances. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacologic treatments, can effectively treat these distressing emotions...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
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