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Cognitive therapy depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240757/rct-of-an-integrated-cbt-hiv-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms-and-hiv-risk
#1
Karin Tobin, Melissa A Davey-Rothwell, Bareng A S Nonyane, Amy Knowlton, Lawrence Wissow, Carl A Latkin
Depression and depressive symptoms mediate the association between drug use and HIV risk. Yet, there are few interventions that target depressive symptoms and HIV risk for people who use drugs (PWUD). This study was a randomized controlled trial of an integrated cognitive behavioral therapy and HIV prevention intervention to reduce depressive symptoms, injection risk behaviors and increase condom use in a sample of urban people who used heroin or cocaine in the prior 6 months. A total of 315 individuals aged 18-55, who self-reported at least one HIV drug and sex risk behavior and scored ≥16 and <40 on the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale were randomized using a two-block design, stratified by sex to ensure equivalent numbers, to a 10 session intervention arm (n = 162) or a single session control arm (n = 153)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239789/anterior-cingulate-volume-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-and-functional-connectivity-with-the-inferior-parietal-cortex-in-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Fabio Sambataro, Nadja Doerig, Jürgen Hänggi, Robert Christian Wolf, Janis Brakowski, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Erich Seifritz, Simona Spinelli
In major depressive disorder (MDD), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been associated with clinical outcome as well as with antidepressant treatment response. Nonetheless, the association between individual differences in ACC structure and function and the response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is still unexplored. For this aim, twenty-five unmedicated patients with MDD were scanned with structural and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging before the beginning of CBT treatment. ACC morphometry was correlated with clinical changes following psychotherapy...
November 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239055/brain-structural-alterations-associated-with-dysfunctional-cognitive-control-of-pain-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#3
O Chehadi, A C Rusu, K Konietzny, E Schulz, O Köster, T Schmidt-Wilcke, M I Hasenbring
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has shown that chronic back pain (CBP) can lead to functional alterations in the circuitry underlying the cognitive control of pain. Thought suppression (TS) is a common type of cognitive control of pain. Previous research has shown that TS has paradoxical effects that may increase the awareness of pain. Pain-related TS may also increase individuals' attention to pain, which may also increase pain sensation, but thus far, the relationship between pain-related TS and structural brain alterations is unknown...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238196/the-role-of-new-antidepressants-in-clinical-practice-in-canada-a-brief-review-of-vortioxetine-levomilnacipran-er-and-vilazodone
#4
REVIEW
Roger S McIntyre
Although many branded and generic antidepressants are approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Canada, efficacy and tolerability differ among patients, and new treatment options are needed. Symptom types (eg, fatigue, energy/motivation, cognition, and functioning), medication type, treatment duration, and the need for maintenance therapy are factors that may influence treatment effectiveness. Three antidepressants, vortioxetine, levomilnacipran extended-release (ER), and vilazodone have recently become available in Canada...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235884/cost-per-successfully-treated-patient-for-vortioxetine-versus-duloxetine-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-an-analysis-of-the-complete-symptoms-of-depression-and-functional-outcome
#5
Michael Cronquist Christensen, Vicki Munro
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of vortioxetine versus duloxetine in adults with moderate to severe major depressive disorder (MDD) in Norway using a definition of a successfully treated patient (STP) that incorporates improvement in both mood symptoms and functional capacity. METHODS: Using the population of patients who completed the 8-week CONNECT study, the cost-effectiveness of vortioxetine (n = 168) (10-20 mg/day) versus duloxetine (n = 176) (60 mg/day) was investigated for the treatment of adults in Norway with moderate to severe MDD and self-reported cognitive dysfunction over an 8-week treatment period...
December 13, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235615/-music-therapy-as-a-non-pharmacological-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
N Garcia-Casares, R M Moreno-Leiva, J A Garcia-Arnes
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations. AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222079/web-based-interventions-supporting-adolescents-and-young-people-with-depressive-symptoms-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Maritta Välimäki, Katriina Anttila, Minna Anttila, Mari Lahti
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies on information and communication technology (ICT)-based intervention on mental health among adolescents with depressive symptoms have already been combined in a number of systematic reviews, coherent information is still missing about interventions used, participants' engagement of these interventions, and how these interventions work. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials to describe the effectiveness of Web-based interventions to support adolescents with depression or depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217142/pharmacist-led-depression-screening-and-intervention-in-an-underserved-rural-and-multiethnic-diabetic-population
#8
Charlotte Wilson, Geoffrey Twigg
OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of implementation and integration of community pharmacist-led depression screening for patients with diabetes in an underserved rural area and to assess the response rate of prescribers to pharmacist-led depression screening and treatment recommendation. SETTING: Independent community pharmacy-run diabetes education center. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Clinical community pharmacy site on Maryland's Eastern Shore...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215566/multi-family-pediatric-pain-group-therapy-capturing-acceptance-and-cultivating-change
#9
Samantha E Huestis, Grace Kao, Ashley Dunn, Austin T Hilliard, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu, Rashmi P Bhandari
Behavioral health interventions for pediatric chronic pain include cognitive-behavioral (CBT), acceptance and commitment (ACT), and family-based therapies, though literature regarding multi-family therapy (MFT) is sparse. This investigation examined the utility and outcomes of the Courage to Act with Pain: Teens Identifying Values, Acceptance, and Treatment Effects (CAPTIVATE) program, which included all three modalities (CBT, ACT, MFT) for youth with chronic pain and their parents. Program utility, engagement, and satisfaction were evaluated via quantitative and qualitative feedback...
December 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214483/psychotherapyplus-augmentation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-with-prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-in-major-depressive-disorder-study-design-and-methodology-of-a-multicenter-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Malek Bajbouj, Sabine Aust, Jan Spies, Ana-Lucia Herrera-Melendez, Sarah V Mayer, Maike Peters, Christian Plewnia, Andreas J Fallgatter, Lukas Frase, Claus Normann, Nora Behler, Linda Wulf, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Frank Padberg
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders worldwide. About 20-30% of patients do not respond to the standard psychopharmacological and/or psychotherapeutic interventions. Mounting evidence from neuroimaging studies in MDD patients reveal altered activation patterns in lateral prefrontal brain areas. Successful cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is associated with a recovery of these neural alterations. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is capable of influencing prefrontal cortex activity and cognitive functions such as working memory and emotion regulation...
December 6, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#11
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212735/decision-making-capacity-for-chemotherapy-and-associated-factors-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-lung-cancer
#12
Asao Ogawa, Kyoko Kondo, Hiroyuki Takei, Daisuke Fujisawa, Yuichiro Ohe, Tatsuo Akechi
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess decision-making capacity in patients newly diagnosed with lung cancer, clinical factors associated with impaired capacity, and physicians' perceptions of patients' decision-making capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 122 patients newly diagnosed with lung cancer. One hundred fourteen completed the assessment. All patients were receiving a combination of treatments (e.g., chemotherapy, chemo-radiotherapy, or targeted therapy)...
December 6, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205325/couple-based-intervention-for-depression-an-effectiveness-study-in-the-national-health-service-in-england
#13
Donald H Baucom, Melanie S Fischer, Michael Worrell, Sarah Corrie, Jennifer M Belus, Efthymia Molyva, Sara E Boeding
This study represents an effectiveness study and service evaluation of a cognitive behavioral, couple-based treatment for depression (BCT-D) provided in London services that are part of the "Improving Access to Psychological Therapies" (IAPT) program in England. Twenty-three therapists in community clinics were trained in BCT-D during a 5-day workshop, followed by monthly group supervision for 1 year. The BCT-D treatment outcome findings are based on 63 couples in which at least one partner was depressed and elected to receive BCT-D...
December 4, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203509/protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-and-randomised-pilot-trial-of-a-low-intensity-psychological-intervention-for-depression-in-adults-with-autism-the-autism-depression-trial-adept
#14
Ailsa Russell, Kate Cooper, Stephen Barton, Ian Ensum, Daisy Gaunt, Jeremy Horwood, Barry Ingham, David Kessler, Chris Metcalfe, Jeremy Parr, Dheeraj Rai, Nicola Wiles
INTRODUCTION: High rates of co-occurring depression are reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by social communication impairments and repetitive behaviours. Cognitive-behavioural interventions adapted for ASD have been effective for anxiety problems. There have been evaluation studies of group cognitive-behavioural therapy for co-occurring depression, but no randomised trials investigating low-intensity psychological interventions as recommended in clinical guidelines for mild-moderate depression...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202885/the-command-trial-of-cognitive-therapy-to-prevent-harmful-compliance-with-command-hallucinations-predictors-of-outcome-and-mediators-of-change
#15
Max Birchwood, Graham Dunn, Alan Meaden, Nicholas Tarrier, Shon Lewis, Til Wykes, Linda Davies, Maria Michail, Emmanuelle Peters
BACKGROUND: Acting on harmful command hallucinations is a major clinical concern. Our COMMAND CBT trial approximately halved the rate of harmful compliance (OR = 0.45, 95% CI 0.23-0.88, p = 0.021). The focus of the therapy was a single mechanism, the power dimension of voice appraisal, was also significantly reduced. We hypothesised that voice power differential (between voice and voice hearer) was the mediator of the treatment effect. METHODS: The trial sample (n = 197) was used...
December 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202808/group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-with-compassion-training-for-depression-in-a-japanese-community-a-single-group-feasibility-study
#16
Kenichi Asano, Haruna Koike, Yuriko Shinohara, Hiromi Kamimori, Akiko Nakagawa, Masaomi Iyo, Eiji Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a representative mental problem, and more than 350 million people are suffering in the world. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in individual or group formats is mainly recommended in major guidelines. However, patients with high self-criticism have a poor response to CBT. To treat such patients, psychotherapies focusing on compassion are gaining attention. Although trials have begun to be reported, there are relatively few studies examining the effectiveness of group CBT with compassion work for managing depression...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200561/efficacy-of-adjunctive-single-session-counseling-for-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Anand Babu Arun, Siddharth Sarkar
Context: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are often poorly responsive to standard treatments. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess short-term efficacy of adjunctive single session cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)-based counseling for patients with MUS. Setting and Design: Randomized controlled trial at a psychosomatic clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: Patients with MUS were randomized to receive either the single session counseling (intervention group) (n = 41) or control group which received treatment as usual (n = 35)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198499/markers-of-impaired-motor-and-cognitive-volition-in-parkinson-s-disease-correlates-of-dopamine-dysregulation-syndrome-impulse-control-disorder-and-dyskinesias
#18
Jared T Hinkle, Kate Perepezko, Liana S Rosenthal, Kelly A Mills, Alexander Pantelyat, Zoltan Mari, Laura Tochen, Jee Yun Bang, Medha Gudavalli, Nadine Yoritomo, Ankur Butala, Catherine C Bakker, Vanessa Johnson, Emile Moukheiber, Ted M Dawson, Gregory M Pontone
INTRODUCTION: Dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) can be associated with both motoric (e.g., dyskinesias) and neuropsychiatric adverse effects. Examples of the latter include Dopamine Dysregulation Syndrome (DDS) and impulse control disorder (ICD), which are separate but related behavioral/psychiatric complications of treatment in PD. Dysregulation of volition characterizes both dyskinesias and DDS/ICD; thus, we analyzed potential disease-related correlates in a large PD cohort...
November 21, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197102/evaluation-of-a-computerized-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-programme-mindwise-2-0-for-adults-with-mild-to-moderate-depression-and-anxiety
#19
Sarah Collins, Michael Byrne, James Hawe, Gary O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the acceptability and utility of a newly developed computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme, MindWise (2.0), for adults attending Irish primary care psychology services. METHOD: Adult primary care psychology service users across four rural locations in Ireland were invited to participate in this study. A total of 60 service users participated in the MindWise (2.0) treatment group and compared to 22 people in a comparison waiting list control group...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196478/efficacy-of-hypnotherapy-compared-to-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-mild-to-moderate-depression-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-rater-blind-trial-wiki-d
#20
Kristina Fuhr, Cornelie Schweizer, Christoph Meisner, Anil Batra
INTRODUCTION: Despite a substantial number of studies providing evidence for the efficacy of psychological treatment for mild-to-moderate depression, maximally only 50% of participants respond to treatment, even when using gold-standard treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy. New approaches such as the 'third wave' psychotherapies have provided promising results; however, studies concerning the comparison with evidence-based treatments are lacking...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
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