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Cognitive therapy depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933137/efficacy-of-group-psychotherapy-for-geriatric-depression-a-systematic-review
#1
L R Tavares, M R Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Geriatric depression is a common and debilitating psychopathology, but evidence supports the efficacy of psychotherapy in its treatment. Group therapy provides advantages over individual interventions. However, only three systematic reviews have focused specifically on the efficacy of group therapy for geriatric depression. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the effects of group psychotherapy on geriatric depression in people aged 60 years and older, compared with alternative treatments or no treatment...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932516/combined-treatment-for-obesity-and-depression-a-pilot-study
#2
Lucy F Faulconbridge, Colleen F B Driscoll, Christina M Hopkins, Brooke Bailer Benforado, Chanelle Bishop-Gilyard, Raymond Carvajal, Robert I Berkowitz, Robert DeRubeis, Thomas A Wadden
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and depression frequently co-occur, and each increases risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study tested whether a combined treatment, targeting obesity and depression simultaneously, would yield greater improvements in weight, mood, and CVD risk factors than treatments that targeted each disease individually. METHODS: Seventy-six participants with obesity and major depression were randomly assigned to (1) behavioral weight control (BWC), (2) cognitive behavioral therapy for depression (CBT-D), or (3) BWC combined with CBT-D...
July 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932288/predicting-parental-distress-among-children-newly-diagnosed-with-craniopharyngioma
#3
Rachel K Peterson, Jason M Ashford, Sarah M Scott, Fang Wang, Hui Zhang, Julie A Bradley, Thomas E Merchant, Heather M Conklin
BACKGROUND: Childhood brain tumor diagnoses are stressful for families. Children diagnosed with craniopharyngioma (Cp) present with particularly challenging medical and cognitive problems due to tumor location and associated biophysiologic comorbidities. This study examined parental distress in a sample of families of patients with Cp treated with proton beam therapy to identify factors for targeting psychological intervention. PROCEDURE: Prior to (n = 96) and 1 year after (n = 73) proton therapy, parents of children diagnosed with Cp (9...
June 22, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926072/-research-progress-of-histone-deacetylase-6-inhibitors-in-the-therapy-of-ischemic-stroke
#4
Chen-Chen Zhang, Fang Lu, Jia-Qiang Liang, Yan-Fang Zhou
The protein acetylation by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) plays a significant role in the development and maturation of the nervous system. HDAC6, belonging to class II HDACs, by regulating the survival, differentiation and maturation of neural cells, plays an important role in the development of the nervous system and participates in multiple pathological processes of cerebral ischemic injury. In addition, HDAC6 participates in the regulation of cognition and emotion of the brain...
June 25, 2018: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#5
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917224/examining-the-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-2-week-treatment-program-for-military-personnel-and-veterans-with-ptsd-results-of-a-pilot-open-label-prospective-cohort-trial
#6
Craig J Bryan, Feea R Leifker, David C Rozek, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Mira L Reynolds, D Nicolas Oakey, Erika Roberge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when administered on a daily basis during a 2-week period of time. METHOD: In an open-label, prospective cohort pilot trial, 20 U.S. military personnel and veterans diagnosed with PTSD or subthreshold PTSD participated in 12 daily sessions of CPT. Primary outcomes included Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 and PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 scores...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914574/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-post-natal-depression-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
George Stamou, Azucena García-Palacios, Cristina Botella
BACKGROUND: Post-natal Depression (PND) is a depressive disorder that causes significant distress or impairment on different levels in the individual's life and their families. There is already evidence of the efficacy of psychological treatments for PND. We conducted a narrative review and researched the literature for identifying systematic reviews and studies for the best psychological treatments of PND, and examined what parameters made those treatments successful. METHODS: We searched 4 electronic databases...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913966/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-current-approach-and-historical-background
#8
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Introduction We have developed somatocognitive therapy as a hybrid of Mensendieck physiotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy. Womenwith chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and vulvodynia (chronic pain of the vulvae and vestibulum, VD) were recruited into two separate treatment protocols as described. Methods 60 patients with CPP were recruited from the Department of Gynaecology at the Oslo University Hospital into a randomized, controlled intervention study. The patients were randomized into three treatment groups, receiving (1) treatment as usual, (2) somatocognitive therapy, and (3) in addition receiving cognitive therapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913921/applying-dialectical-behavior-therapy-to-chronic-pain-a-case-study
#9
Steven J Linton
Background and aims Chronic pain patients often present with a host of psychological and somatic problems and are unable to work despite receiving traditional pain management. For example, it is common that patients with persistent pain also suffer from a variety of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Indeed, the regulation of emotions may be one important factor that is associated with the development of persistent pain. Dialectical behavior therapy, a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy, focuses on emotion regulation and has successfully addressed other complex problems...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913852/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
G L Olsson, M Kemani, K Jensen, E Kosek, D Kadetoff, K Sorjonen, M Ingvar, R Wicksell
Background Recent developments within cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) have emphasized the utility of acceptance and mindfulness strategies, contrasting interventions focused on reduction or control of symptoms. A study of fMRI changes after CBT in females with fibromyalgia (FM) has been performed and results are presented elsewhere (under review). The aim of the present study was evaluate the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based intervention for patient diagnosed with FM in comparison with a wait-list control Method Female patients aged 18-55 years, fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for FM, and with a weekly self-reported average pain intensity of >40 (VAS 0-100) were considered eligible for inclusion...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913734/understanding-the-link-between-depression-and-pain
#11
Steven J Linton, Sofia Bergbom
Background and aims Patients seeking care for a pain problem very often also report symptoms of depression.In fact, depression is associated with the development of chronic pain as well as poor treatment results. Yet, the mechanisms by which depression and pain impact upon one another are not clear. This paper provides a critical review of the literature with the aim of shedding light on the relationship between pain and depression. Further, we introduce the Örebro Behavioral Emotion Regulation Model which may stimulate understanding in addition to research...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911653/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Bo Karlsson, Gunilla Burell, Ulla-Maria Anderberg, Kurt Svärdsudd
Background and aims Stress has been pointed out as an important influential factor in the development and maintaining of the fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) . Since stress may worsen the pain experience, the development of individual strategies for coping with stress is essential to reduce the impact of FMS on daily life. The aim of the study was to investigate whether a group based stress management cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) programme could influence self-reported stress, wellbeing and life control, as well as self-reported pain behaviour in female FMS patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910759/a-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-positive-affect-and-social-anxiety-symptoms
#13
Marlene V Strege, Deanna Swain, Lauren Bochicchio, Andrew Valdespino, John A Richey
Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is efficacious in reducing residual depressive symptoms and preventing future depressive episodes (Kuyken et al., 2016). One potential treatment effect of MBCT may be improvement of positive affect (PA), due to improved awareness of daily positive events (Geschwind et al., 2011). Considering social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by diminished PA (Brown et al., 1998; Kashdan, 2007), we sought to determine whether MBCT would reduce social anxiety symptoms, and whether this reduction would be associated with improvement of PA deficits...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909302/affective-styles-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-clinical-validation-of-the-affective-style-questionnaire-asq
#14
Christina Totzeck, Tobias Teismann, Stefan G Hofmann, Ruth von Brachel, Xiao Chi Zhang, Verena Pflug, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders. Less is known about the association of affective styles and psychopathology. The 20-item "Affective Style Questionnaire" (ASQ) has been validated in nonclinical samples. The American and German validation studies resulted in a three-factor structure (concealing, adjusting, and tolerating). The present study aimed to investigate three aspects: (1) the validation of the ASQ within a clinical sample, (2) the examination of possible differences in affective styles between patients suffering from affective versus anxiety disorders, and (3) the association of affective styles and anxiety, depression, and stress symptoms...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908771/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-improves-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Laura G Cooney, Lauren W Milman, Liisa Hantsoo, Sara Kornfield, Mary D Sammel, Kelly C Allison, C Neill Epperson, Anuja Dokras
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and lifestyle modification (LS) versus LS alone on weight, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and stress response in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), overweight/obesity, and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: A 16-week pilot randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care PCOS center. PATIENT(S): Overweight/obese women with PCOS and depressive symptoms...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907742/nmda-antagonists-for-treating-the-non-motor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
REVIEW
Brigitte Vanle, William Olcott, Jaime Jimenez, Luma Bashmi, Itai Danovitch, Waguih William IsHak
Among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), depression is prevalent and disabling, impacting both health outcomes and quality of life. There is a critical need for alternative pharmacological methods to treat PD depression, as mainstream antidepressant drugs are largely ineffective in this population. Currently, there are no recommendations for the optimal treatment of PD neuropsychiatric symptoms. Given the dual antidepressant and anti-dyskinetic effects of ketamine and other N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists for PD, this review aims to examine the current evidence of NMDA antagonists for treating neuropsychiatric symptoms, including memantine, amantadine, ketamine, dizoclopine, and d-cycloserine...
June 15, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906719/behavioral-activation-is-it-the-expectation-or-achievement-of-mastery-or-pleasure-that-contributes-to-improvement-in-depression
#17
Toshi A Furukawa, Hissei Imai, Masaru Horikoshi, Shinji Shimodera, Takahiro Hiroe, Tadashi Funayama, Tatsuo Akechi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) is receiving renewed interest as a stand-alone or as a component of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for depression. However, few studies have examined which aspects of BA are most contributory to its efficacy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a 9-week randomized controlled trial of smartphone CBT for patients with major depression. Depression severity was measured at baseline and at end of treatment by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904585/recent-advances-in-deep-brain-stimulation-in-psychiatric-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Anne-Hélène Clair, William Haynes, Luc Mallet
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been offered to patients suffering of severe and resistant neuropsychiatric disorders like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (TS) and Major Depression (MDD). Modulation of several targets within the cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuits can lead to a decrease of symptom severity in those patients. This review focuses on the recent clinical outcomes in DBS in psychiatric disorders. Studies on OCD and TS are now focusing on the long-term effects of DBS, with encouraging results regarding not only the decrease of symptoms, but also quality of life...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903802/study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-of-an-internet-administered-guided-cbt-based-self-help-intervention-engage-for-parents-of-children-previously-treated-for-cancer
#19
Joanne Woodford, Anna Wikman, Martin Cernvall, Gustaf Ljungman, Amanda Romppala, Helena Grönqvist, Louise von Essen
INTRODUCTION: A subgroup of parents of children previously treated for cancer report long-term psychological distress after end of treatment. However, needs for psychological support are commonly unmet and there is a lack of evidence-based treatments tailored to the specific needs of this population. An internet-administered, guided, cognitive-behavioural therapy-based, self-help intervention (ENGAGE) for parents of children previously treated for cancer may provide a solution. The aim is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention ENGAGE and the study procedures for a future controlled trial...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903785/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-internet-mediated-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-in-the-primary-care-setting-results-based-on-a-controlled-trial
#20
Anna Holst, Cecilia Björkelund, Alexandra Metsini, Jens-Henrik Madsen, Dominique Hange, Eva-Lisa L Petersson, Maria Cm Eriksson, Marie Kivi, Per-Åke Å Andersson, Mikael Svensson
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) compared with treatment as usual (TaU) for patients with mild to moderate depression in the Swedish primary care setting. In particular, the objective was to assess from a healthcare and societal perspective the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ICBT versus TaU at 12 months follow-up. DESIGN: A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a pragmatic effectiveness trial...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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