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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614638/development-and-validation-of-a-3d-printed-model-of-the-ostiomeatal-complex-and-frontal-sinus-for-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-training
#1
Abdulaziz S Alrasheed, Lily H P Nguyen, Luc Mongeau, W Robert J Funnell, Marc A Tewfik
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sinus surgery poses unique training challenges due to complex and variable anatomy, and the risk of major complications. We sought to create and provide validity evidence for a novel 3D-printed simulator of the nose and paranasal sinuses. METHODS: Sinonasal computed tomography (CT) images of a patient were imported into 3D visualization software. Segmentation of bony and soft tissue structures was then performed. The model was printed using simulated bone and soft tissue materials...
June 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608749/polypoid-change-of-the-middle-turbinate-and-paranasal-sinus-polyposis-are-distinct-entities
#2
Jacob P Brunner, Basit A Jawad, Edward D McCoul
Objectives Polypoid change of the middle turbinate (PCMT) is a finding on intranasal examination whose significance is not well understood. We present a comparison of the clinical characteristics of PCMT with paranasal sinus polyposis (PSP), a common condition with potentially similar appearance. Study Design Parallel case series. Setting Tertiary rhinology clinic. Subjects and Methods Data were prospectively compiled from consecutive patients during a 12-month period with either PSP arising from the middle meatus or PCMT limited to the middle turbinate as identified on nasal endoscopy...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560517/a-contemporary-analysis-of-clinical-and-demographic-factors-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients-and-their-association-with-disease-severity
#3
L P Hoehle, K M Phillips, D S Caradonna, S T Gray, A R Sedaghat
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is highly prevalent, significantly decreases quality of life and leads to tremendous health care costs every year. No recent study has characterised the prevalence of potentially CRS-modifying patient characteristics and simultaneously shown their impact on CRS severity. AIMS: We sought to determine the prevalence of potential clinical and demographic CRS-modifying characteristics and their associations with CRS symptom severity in a large contemporary cohort of CRS patients...
May 30, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547013/new-cfd-tools-to-evaluate-nasal-airflow
#4
M A Burgos, E Sanmiguel-Rojas, C Del Pino, M A Sevilla-García, F Esteban-Ortega
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a mathematical tool to analyse airflow. As currently CFD is not a usual tool for rhinologists, a group of engineers in collaboration with experts in Rhinology have developed a very intuitive CFD software. The program MECOMLAND(®) only required snapshots from the patient's cross-sectional (tomographic) images, being the output those results originated by CFD, such as airflow distributions, velocity profiles, pressure, temperature, or wall shear stress. This is useful complementary information to cover diagnosis, prognosis, or follow-up of nasal pathologies based on quantitative magnitudes linked to airflow...
May 25, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544585/effects-of-ophthalmologic-solutions-on-sinonasal-ciliated-epithelium
#5
Alan D Workman, Ryan M Carey, Michael A Kohanski, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, Noam A Cohen
BACKGROUND: Off-label use of topical ophthalmologic formulations for treatment of rhinologic disease is cited in recent literature and is anecdotally prevalent among practicing otolaryngologists. Steroids, antibiotics, and other drugs designed for ocular use have subjective clinical efficacy in the nose and sinuses, but their specific effects on the ciliated epithelium are less well defined. This study examines 9 commercially available ophthalmologic drug formulations for effects on ciliary motility in sinonasal cultures, in an effort to characterize their utility as topical therapies for sinonasal diseases...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543408/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-nasal-obstruction-symptom-evaluation-scale
#6
Mohamed A Amer, Ibrahim A Kabbash, Ahmed A Yonis, Saad Elzayat, Mohamed O Tomoum
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Validation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale into the Arabic language with studying of its psychometric properties. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective instrument-validation study. METHODS: Guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation process from the original English language scale into the Arabic language version were followed. We assessed the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the NOSE scale (A-NOSE) (feasibility, reproducibility, internal consistency, reliability, discriminatory validity, responsiveness to change) in 101 consecutive patients who underwent septal surgery (preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively) and 102 asymptomatic controls...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538877/effects-of-isotretinoin-on-the-olfactory-function-in-patients-with-acne
#7
Demet Kartal, Mehmet Yaşar, Levent Kartal, Ibrahim Özcan, Murat Borlu
Background: Isotretinoin is a synthetic analog of vitamin A. Recent studies support a role for retinoic acid in the recovery of olfactory function following injury in mice. Objective: This study aimed at determining the effect of isotretinoin on olfactory function in patients who have acne and are otherwise healthy. Methods: Forty-five patients (aged 25-40 years) with acne were included in the study. All patients underwent a rhinological examination...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513522/comparison-between-olfactory-function-of-pregnant-women-and-non-pregnant-women-in-reproductive-age-group-in-ibadan-nigeria
#8
U Nwankwo, A J Fasunla, A Oladokun, O G Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women require normal olfactory function in order to develop good appetite for healthy living and normal fetal development. This study was carried out to investigate and compare olfactory function of pregnant women with non-pregnant women. METHODS: This was a case control study of women in reproductive age group at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria from July 2014 to February 2015. Consecutive 70 pregnant women and 70 non-pregnant women (controls) without rhinologic symptoms were studied...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501885/euforea-rhinology-research-forum-2016-report-of-the-brainstorming-sessions-on-needs-and-priorities-in-rhinitis-and-rhinosinusitis
#9
P W Hellings, C A Akdis, C Bachert, J Bousquet, B Pugin, G Adriaensen, R Advani, I Agache, C Anjo, R Anmolsingh, E Annoni, T Bieber, A Bizaki, I Braverman, I Callebaut, J A Castillo Vizuete, T Chalermwatanachai, R Chmielewski, C Cingi, L Cools, C Coppije, M E Cornet, I De Boeck, E De Corso, G De Greve, M Doulaptsi, R Edmiston, S Erskine, E Gevaert, P Gevaert, K Golebski, C Hopkins, V Hox, C Jaeggi, G Joos, S Khwaja, A Kjeldsen, L Klimek, M Koennecke, I Kortekaas Krohn, O Krysko, B N Kumar, C Langdon, B Lange, G Lekakis, P Levie, E Lourijsen, V J Lund, K Martens, R Mösges, J Mullol, T D Nyembue, S Palkonen, C Philpott, J Pimentel, A Poirrier, A C Pratas, E Prokopakis, L Pujols, P Rombaux, C Schmidt-Weber, C Segboer, I Spacova, J Staikuniene, B Steelant, E A Steinsvik, A Teufelberger, L Van Gerven, K Van Gool, R Verbrugge, B Verhaeghe, P Virkkula, S Vlaminck, E Vries-Uss, M Wagenmann, T Zuberbier, S F Seys, W J Fokkens
The first European Rhinology Research Forum organized by the European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases (EUFOREA) was held in the Royal Academy of Medicine in Brussels on 17th and 18th November 2016, in collaboration with the European Rhinologic Society (ERS) and the Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN). One hundred and thirty participants (medical doctors from different specialties, researchers, as well as patients and industry representatives) from 27 countries took part in the multiple perspective discussions including brainstorming sessions on care pathways and research needs in rhinitis and rhinosinusitis...
May 14, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485296/the-correlation-of-the-results-of-the-survey-snot-20-of-objective-studies-of-nasal-obstruction-and-the-geometry-of-the-nasal-cavities
#10
Monika Prus-Ostaszewska, Jarosław Wysocki, Kazimierz Niemczyk, Jarosław Balcerzak
INTRODUCTION: In this paper were verified the correlation between the results of the survey SNOT-20 and the results of the objective tests of nasal obstruction which are rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry before and after surgical treatment, such as septoplasty, septoconchoplasty, ethmoidectomy and septoethmoidectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The material used in this study was 233 patients diagnosed routinely in the Rhinomanometry Laboratory of the Department of Otolaryngology at the Medical University of Warsaw, reporting rhinological problems...
April 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482010/study-toward-resolving-the-controversy-over-the-definition-of-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#11
Aleksandra Barac, Goran Stevanovic, Marina Pekmezovic, Zoran Rakocevic, Rajica Stosovic, Boban Erovic, Vesna Tomic Spiric
Dysbiosis of the microbiome on the airway mucosa leads to the development of chronic inflammatory and allergic disorders. The aim of this study was to consider the potential diagnostic criteria for allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) and nonallergic fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS), and the role of fungal presence in an environment for the development of AFRS. In this study, 136 patients were divided into two groups: patients with positive specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and fungal finding (AFRS group), and patients with negative sIgE and positive fungal finding (FRS group)...
May 6, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470359/is-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-surgery-increases-the-susceptibility-to-rhinosinusitis
#12
Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Murat Sarı, Adem Binnetoglu, Ramazan Dogrul, Onur Bugdaycı, Aşkın Şeker
The aim of the study was to analyze whether the measurement of changes in the anatomical position and volume of middle concha, the volume changes in the area between the middle concha and lamina papyracea, the evaluation of opacification in major paranasal sinuses, and osteomeatal complex occlusion in cases with middle concha by out-fracture technique during endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach is a minimally invasive surgery, and also to find out whether these changes lead to the development of tendency to rhinosinusitis...
May 3, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463440/patient-injuries-in-operative-rhinology-during-a-ten-year-period-review-of-national-patient-insurance-charts
#13
K Blomgren, L-M Aaltonen, L Lehtonen, P Helmiö
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors contributing to patient injuries in operative rhinology. DESIGN: Data of the accepted patient injury claims involving operative rhinology, between the years 2001 and 2011, were obtained from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre registry. Two senior otolaryngologists analysed and evaluated the injury mechanisms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Analysis and classification of factors contributing to patient injuries. RESULTS: During the ten-year study period, there were 67 patient injuries in operative rhinology, comprising 36% of all patient injuries in otorhinolaryngologic surgery...
April 30, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452711/office-based-rhinologic-surgery-a-modern-experience-with-operative-techniques-under-local-anesthetic
#14
John R Scott, Leigh J Sowerby, Brian W Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Office-based rhinologic procedures have become popularized in recent years with the advent of several minimally invasive techniques. There is a paucity of literature, however, that supports more robust in-clinic procedures, e.g., true endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). There is a high volume of this work being done at our center, and the objective of this article was to review the safety and tolerability of in-clinic surgeries. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452710/excavating-meningoencephaloceles-a-newly-recognized-entity
#15
Patricia A Loftus, Sarah K Wise, Pedram Daraei, Kristen Baugnon, John M DelGaudio
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are largely attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension and typically present as skull base defects with or without prolapse of intracranial contents. However, in our practice, we have encountered a distinct type of spontaneous CSF leak that presents in a different manner. OBJECTIVE: To discuss a newly-classified, difficult to treat, subset of spontaneous CSF leaks that present as excavation of the bone of the skull base in a tunnel- or canal-like fashion by a meningocele or meningoencephalocele instead of as a localized area of bony dehiscence...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452708/evolution-of-sinonasal-symptoms-and-mucosal-healing-after-minimally-invasive-pituitary-surgery
#16
Shiven Chaudhry, Sharang Chaudhry, Talha Qureshi, Pete S Batra
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pituitary surgery (MIPS) via endoscopy has become widely accepted as the surgical paradigm of choice for pituitary pathology. The objective of the current study was to analyze the evolution of symptom scores and mucosal healing after MIPS. METHODS: The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores and objective endoscopic data of 52 patients were reviewed in a longitudinal manner. Scaled averages of the SNOT-22 and endoscopic scores from different time points were compared with baseline scores by using nonparametric testing...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452701/21st-century-rhinology
#17
Martin J Citardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441509/patient-safety-and-quality-improvement-in-otolaryngology-education-a-systematic-review
#18
John D Gettelfinger, P Barrett Paulk, Cecelia E Schmalbach
Objective The breadth and depth of patient safety/quality improvement (PS/QI) research dedicated to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) education remains unknown. This systematic review aims to define this scope and to identify knowledge gaps as well as potential areas of future study to improved PS/QI education and training in OHNS. Data Sources A computerized Ovid/Medline database search was conducted (January 1, 1965, to May 15, 2015). Similar computerized searches were conducted using Cochrane Database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412967/factors-associated-with-lingual-tonsil-hypertrophy-in-canadian-adults
#19
Matthew S Harris, Brian W Rotenberg, Kathryn Roth, Leigh J Sowerby
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophy of the lingual tonsil tissue in the adult patient is thought to contribute to the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea. The underlying etiology of lingual tonsil hypertrophy (LTH) in the adult patient is unclear and likely multifactorial. Previous studies have suggested that the lingual tonsils may undergo compensatory hyperplasia post-tonsillectomy in children, although it is unknown if this occurs or persists into adulthood. The purpose of this study was to determine what factors are associated with LTH in a population of Canadian adults...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395499/-minutes-of-the-2016-china-rhinology-annual-meeting
#20
L Cheng, Y Yao, J T Yu, L Wang, J B Han, H Y Sun, Y K Deng, Z Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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