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Pericardial tamponade

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803417/cardiac-tamponade-due-to-apixaban-therapy-in-patient-with-unknown-pericardial-hemangioma
#1
Francesco Sbrana, Francesca Mannucci, Edoardo Airò, Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Renato Prediletto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798246/extramedullary-haematopoiesis-presenting-with-cardiac-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-polycythaemia-vera
#2
Faysal Haroun, Viktoria Elkis, Anne Chen, Elsie Lee
A 71-year-old man with a history of polycythaemia vera, diagnosed 4 years ago, presented to the emergency room with shortness of breath. A bedside echocardiogram revealed a large pericardial effusion with features concerning for pericardial tamponade. A left anterior thoracotomy and a pericardial window were emergently performed in the operating room and relieved the patient's symptoms. Histology evaluation of the pericardial fragments and pericardial fluid revealed the presence of trilineage haematopoietic elements without any increase in the blasts...
August 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797952/left-atrial-appendage-closure-using-amplatzer%C3%A2-devices-a-large-multicenter-italian-registry
#3
Sergio Berti, Gennaro Santoro, Elvis Brscic, Matteo Montorfano, Luigi Vignali, Paolo Danna, Claudio Tondo, Gianpiero D'Amico, Amerigo Stabile, Salvatore Saccà, Giuseppe Patti, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Arnaldo Poli, Paolo Golino, Paolo Magnavacchi, Alberto De Caterina, Francesco Meucci, Bruno Pezzulich, Marco Rezzaghi, Miroslava Stolcova, Giuseppe Tarantini
BACKGROUND: Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) has been proven to be effective for stroke prophylaxis in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). We aim to assess the safety and efficacy of LAAO by AMPLATZER™ devices in a large, multicenter, single-nation cohort of NVAF patients at high-risk of stroke and bleeding. METHODS: From December 2008 to April 2015 613 NVAF patients (75.1±8.0years, 62.5% male) underwent LAAO in 15 Italian centers by AMPLATZER™ devices...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763406/massive-pericardial-effusion-and-tamponade-can-be-a-first-sign-of-familial-mediterranean-fever
#4
Tamer Yoldaş, Şeyma Kayali, İlker Ertuğrul, Vehbi Doğan, Utku Arman Örün, Selmin Karademir
Cardiac involvement is a rare initial presentation of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). We described 2 children with massive pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, who were later diagnosed as having FMF based on clinical and laboratory findings. Therefore, in children presenting with massive pericardial effusion, FMF should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses. In addition, massive pericardial effusion is a serious clinical condition that requires emergency therapeutic approach including pericardiocenthesis...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761561/coronary-perforation-of-distal-diagonal-branch-followed-by-prolonged-recurrent-cardiac-tamponade-finally-resolved-with-pericardiotomy-the-potential-risk-of-hydrophilic-guide-wires
#5
Rafał Januszek, Krzysztof Bartuś, Radosław Litwinowicz, Artur Dziewierz, Łukasz Rzeszutko
PURPOSE: Coronary artery perforation (CAP) is a complication of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Hydrophilic guide-wires have been shown to increase the probability of CAP. Depending on the size of perforations we adopt different treatments. CASE: We present the case of a 73-year old male with coronary artery disease and severe aortic valve stenosis. The patient was in the process of qualifying for a transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Unfortunately, CAP of the first diagonal branch of the LAD occurred during PCI...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754565/impact-of-left-atrial-appendage-exclusion-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-from-the-national-inpatient-sample-database
#6
Ayman Elbadawi, Gbolahan O Ogunbayo, Islam Y Elgendy, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Marwan Saad, Le Dung Ha, Erfan Alotaki, Basarat Baig, A S Abuzaid, Hend I Shahin, Abrar Shah, Mohan Rao
Left atrial appendage (LAA) exclusion is performed by some surgeons in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the available evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of this procedure remains mixed. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Survey Database for the 10-year period from 2004 to 2013. Using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes, we identified patients who had a diagnosis of AF and underwent a primary procedure of CABG with or without LAA exclusion...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745126/an-unusual-cause-of-cardiac-tamponade-following-pericardial-window-formation
#7
Crochan J O'Sullivan, David J Kurz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737876/-acute-pericarditis-complicated-by-pericardial-effusion-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#8
Daniel Palanca Arias, Elena G Corella Aznar, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Alba Fernández Gómez, Marta López Ramón, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés
Acute pericarditis is the most common disease of the pericardium encountered in clinical practice. It is diagnosed in 0.1% of all admissions and 5% of emergency room admissions for chest pain. In developed countries, it is usually due to a benign cause. Idiopathic and infectious pericarditis are more common than secondary to surgical pericardiotomy or neoplastic causes, whereas tuberculosis is the dominant cause in developing countries. The most common symptoms of pericarditis are characteristic chest pain and fever...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730842/comparison-of-distinctive-clinical-and-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-features-between-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-incomplete-myocardial-rupture-and-those-with-moderate-to-severe-pericardial-effusion
#9
Víctor Pineda, Jaume Figueras, Sergio Moral, Jordi Bañeras, José Rodríguez-Palomares, Artur Evangelista, David García-Dorado
BACKGROUND: Whether patients with incomplete myocardial rupture (IMR) present distinctive clinical and cardiac magnetic resonance features from those with moderate-severe pericardial effusion (⩾10 mm (PE)) remains unknown Methods: We compared the clinical, angiographic and cardiac magnetic resonance characteristics of nine patients with IMR (diagnosed angiographically and/or by cardiac magnetic resonance) with 29 with PE, and also with 38 without IMR or PE with evidence of transmural necrosis (reference group) matched for age, gender and year of admission...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707420/transthoracic-intracardiac-catheters-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients-a-single-center-experience
#10
Kristoffer Beham, Hitendu Dave, Janet Kelly, Bernhard Frey, Maja I Hug, Barbara Brotschi
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic intracardiac catheters are frequently inserted in children during congenital heart surgery for monitoring and vascular access purposes. Their use entails a small potential risk. AIM: We aimed to evaluate both catheter-associated morbidities related to maintenance and removal of transthoracic intracardiac catheters in pediatric cardiac patients, and predictors for catheter-associated adverse events. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data of children aged 0-14 years receiving a transthoracic intracardiac catheter inserted in the operating room during 7 consecutive years at the University Children's Hospital Zurich...
September 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698428/-thoracoscopic-pericardial-fenestration-for-refractory-pericardial-effusion-with-cardiac-tamponade-report-of-a-case
#11
Jun Maeda
We performed thoracoscopic pericardial fenestration for a 70-year-old man who suffered from refractory pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade. Under general anesthesia with differential lung ventilation, pericardial fenestration followed by needle aspiration of the enough pericardial effusion to obtain the working space was carried out by thoracoscopic surgery through the left thoracic space. Postoperative course was uneventful and reaccumulation of the pericardial fluid has not been observed more than 2 years after surgery...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694405/case-image-pseudo-pericardial-tamponade-caused-by-huge-mediastinal-metastatic-mass
#12
Ekrem Şahan, Suzan Şahan, Murat Gül, Murat Karamanlıoğlu, Omaç Tüfekçioğlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690902/group-a-streptococcal-pericarditis-in-a-four-month-old-infant-case-report
#13
Badria R Al-Waili, Sunny K Zacharias, Emad Aslem
Purulent pericarditis is uncommon among paediatric patients and cases caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) are even rarer. We report a four-month-old female infant who was referred to the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. She had initially presented to a secondary hospital with a two-week history of fever, a runny nose and shortness of breath. Blood and pericardial fluid cultures confirmed GAS isolates. The infant was treated with a two-week course of antibiotics and made a complete recovery with no echocardiographical evidence of pericardial effusion at a two-month follow-up...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685870/novel-echocardiographic-prognostic-markers-for-cardiac-tamponade-in-patients-with-large-malignant-pericardial-effusions-a-paradigm-shift-from-flow-to-tissue-imaging
#14
George Chalikias, Antonios Samaras, Antonios Ziakas, Petros Kikas, Adina Thomaidis, Ioannis Drosos, George Giannakoulas, Haralambos Karvounis, Stavros Konstantinides, Dimitrios Tziakas
BACKGROUND: With this study, we sought to investigate the prognostic value of echocardiographic tissue imaging markers in predicting tamponade among patients with large malignant pericardial effusion compared to routinely used echocardiographic signs. METHODS: A total of 96 consecutive patients with large malignant pericardial effusion, not in clinical cardiac tamponade, underwent an echocardiographic examination and were prospectively assessed for 1 month. Clinically evident cardiac tamponade was considered as the study endpoint...
July 7, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671499/focal-intramural-pericardial-effusion-and-cardiac-tamponade-associated-with-necrotic-adipose-tissue-in-a-dog
#15
Terence A Krentz, Robert J Schutrumpf, Julie C Zitz
CASE DESCRIPTION A 1-year-old castrated male German Shepherd Dog was examined because of an acute onset of lethargy, tachypnea, and inappetence. CLINICAL FINDINGS On initial physical examination, the dog was tachypneic with muffled heart sounds on thoracic auscultation and a palpable abdominal fluid wave. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed focal intramural pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME The patient underwent emergency therapeutic pericardiocentesis, followed by right lateral intercostal thoracotomy and subtotal pericardiectomy...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670061/thoracentesis-reverting-cardiac-tamponade-physiology-in-a-patient-with-myxedema-coma-and-large-pleural-effusion
#16
Monia E Werlang, Mario R Pimentel, Jose L Diaz-Gomez
A large pleural effusion causing cardiac tamponade physiology and severe hemodynamic compromise is an uncommon event. We report a case of a 53-year-old woman with severe hypothyroidism presenting with myxedema coma and refractory shock. Her hemodynamic status failed to respond to fluid resuscitation and vasopressors. A transthoracic echocardiogram and chest radiograph demonstrated a pericardial fluid accumulation associated with a large left-sided pleural effusion. Thoracostomy tube insertion resulted in prompt improvement of the patient's hemodynamic status...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658780/pericardial-haemangioma-a-common-tumour-in-an-unusual-location-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Rufus Sam Vargis, Manjiri Phansalkar, Somanath Padhi, Dilip Phansalkar, Sanjay R Nair
Overall incidence of primary cardiac tumour ranges from 0.0017% and 0.27% at autopsy. Cardiac haemangiomas are rare, and account for 2.8% of benign cardiac tumours. Pericardial haemangiomas, in particular are extremely rare. Pericardial haemangiomas are reported to present with a variety of symptoms such as dyspnea, palpitation, atypical chest pain. Other symptoms like obstruction of blood vessels, cardiac tamponade, or pericardial effusion may result due to compression of surrounding structures. Here, we report a case of pericardial haemangioma in a patient who presented with breathlessness and cough...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654925/cardiovascular-oncologic-emergencies
#18
Sundeep Shenoy, Safal Shetty, Shilpa Lankala, Faiz Anwer, Andrew Yeager, Sasikanth Adigopula
Oncologic emergencies can present either as a progression of a known cancer or as the initial presentation of a previously undiagnosed cancer. In most of these situations, a very high degree of suspicion is required to allow prompt assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. In this article, we review the presentation and management of cardiovascular oncologic emergencies from primary and metastatic tumors of the heart and complications such as pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, and hyperviscosity syndrome...
June 28, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653519/-dyspnea-and-cardia-cancer-an-unusual-etiology
#19
S Speybrouck, L Claeys, A Hendlisz, A P Meert
CASE REPORT: a 63-year old man, followed for a metastatic cardia cancer, develop a pericardial effusion with sign of pre-tamponade. A CT scanner suggests the presence of a gastro- esophageal-pericardial fistula. A surgical drainage brings a purulent fluid, infected by a polymicrobial flora. Despite early antibiotics with vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam, the patient dies five days after the drainage. DISCUSSION: purulent pericarditis associated with gastrointestinal neoplasia may be due to sepsis or a proximity invasion ...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648432/importance-of-the-heart-borders-as-a-fluoroscopic-clue-for-cardiac-tamponade
#20
Halil Lutfi Kisacik, Sefa Unal, Burak Acar, Hande Cetin, Ozcan Ozeke
Every catheter laboratory is equipped with an X-ray system designed to provide fluoroscopic imaging of the heart. Although cardiac catheters are well visualized in all X-ray imaging, the soft tissue of myocardium is not. Therefore the imaging of the cardiac chambers is indirect through relation to the cardiac silhouette. However, fluoroscopy can be used to detect complications from the invasive procedures in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, such as cardiac tamponade where the excursion of the cardiac silhouette decreases, and visceral and parietal pericardium are seen separated by the blood of accumulation in the pericardial cavity...
May 2017: Indian Heart Journal
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