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chemotherapy and quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474271/de-escalation-treatment-of-human-papillomavirus-positive-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-evidence-based-review-for-the-locally-advanced-disease
#1
Gustavo T Stock, Renata R C Colombo Bonadio, Gilberto de Castro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) incidence is increasing worldwide, especially in developed countries where it seems to be etiologically related to the elevating rates of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Considered a distinct disease because of its weak correlation with the traditional risk factors (tobacco use and alcohol), it has different patterns of survival outcomes, locoregional and distant failure, generally with better prognosis independently of the treatment...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474102/defining-the-elements-of-early-palliative-care-that-are-associated-with-patient-reported-outcomes-and-the-delivery-of-end-of-life-care
#2
Michael Hoerger, Joseph A Greer, Vicki A Jackson, Elyse R Park, William F Pirl, Areej El-Jawahri, Emily R Gallagher, Teresa Hagan, Juliet Jacobsen, Laura M Perry, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose We describe the key elements of early palliative care (PC) across the illness trajectory and examine whether visit content was associated with patient-reported outcomes and end-of-life care. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of patients with newly diagnosed advanced lung or noncolorectal GI cancer (N = 171) who were randomly assigned to receive early PC. Participants attended at least monthly visits with board-certified PC physicians and advanced practice nurses at Massachusetts General Hospital...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473186/being-in-safe-hands-patients-perceptions-of-how-cancer-services-may-support-psychological-well-being
#3
Lynda Appleton, Helen Poole, Christine Wall
AIMS: To explore how cancer services may positively promote and support patients' well-being throughout treatment. Specifically to identify components of care that are important to patients and meet their needs BACKGROUND: Patients commonly experience stress and uncertainty during their cancer journey which can have a negative impact on their psychological health and quality of life. Comparatively, little is known about how patients may experience positive well-being during their treatment experience...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473117/relationship-among-symptom-clusters-quality-of-life-and-treatment-specific-optimism-in-patients-with-cancer
#4
Martin Matzka, Sabine Köck-Hódi, Patrick Jahn, Hanna Mayer
PURPOSE: There is increasing evidence that disease and therapy-related symptoms frequently co-occur in so-called symptom clusters (SCs), which may significantly impair quality of life in patients with cancer. Although psychosocial resources may play pivotal roles in maintaining or improving quality of life, they have been neglected in SC research. Therefore, we aim to identify SCs and their relative impact on quality of life when psychosocial resources are accounted for. METHODS: Patients with cancer (n = 304) undergoing chemotherapy or chemo-radiation therapy participated in a cross-sectional survey consisting of measures assessing symptoms, quality of life, resilience, treatment-specific optimism (TSO), and social support...
February 23, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470807/longitudinal-effects-of-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-post-menopausal-women-with-non-metastatic-er-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Hong Xiao, Xinyi Jiang, Cheng Chen, Alberto J Montero, Vakaramoko Diaby
BACKGROUND: Anti-estrogen (ER) endocrine therapy is an effective treatment strategy in reducing breast cancer mortality. This therapy has a better therapeutic index than chemotherapy but can still affect patients' quality of life (QOL) over time. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) describe QOL instruments used in ER-positive (ER+) non-metastatic breast cancer trials and (2) document the longitudinal effects of adjuvant endocrine therapy on the QOL of post-menopausal women with ER+ non-metastatic breast cancer...
February 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470419/nanotherapy-and-reactive-oxygen-species-ros-in-cancer-a-novel-perspective
#6
Peter Brenneisen, Andreas S Reichert
The incidence of numerous types of cancer has been increasing over recent years, representing the second-most frequent cause of death after cardiovascular diseases. Even though, the number of effective anticancer drugs is increasing as well, a large number of patients suffer from severe side effects (e.g., cardiomyopathies) caused by these drugs. This adversely affects the patients' well-being and quality of life. On the molecular level, tumor cells that survive treatment modalities can become chemotherapy-resistant...
February 22, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467849/efficacy-and-survival-rate-of-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-combined-with-chemotherapy-for-elderly-patients-with-locally-advanced-oropharyngeal-cancer
#7
Li Feng, Shummei Qi, Ming Lin
The efficacy of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of elderly patients with locally advanced oropharyngeal cancer and its effect on survival rate were studied. Elderly patients (n=150) diagnosed with locally advanced oropharyngeal cancer by histopathology were selected and randomly divided into the observation group (n=75) and the control group (n=75). Patients in the observation group were treated with IMRT combined with chemotherapy, while those in the control group were treated with conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466887/access-to-anti-cancer-drugs-in-india-is-there-a-need-to-revise-reimbursement-policies
#8
Gertruud Haitsma, Himanshu Patel, Parthasarathi Gurumurthy, Maarten J Postma
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the access of Indian cancer patients to optimum cancer care under selected government schemes by reviewing reimbursement schemes for cancer care in India. METHODS: All cancer care reimbursement schemes in India were identified and three highly utilized schemes (VAS, RAS, CMCHS) were selected. Quality of breast, colorectal, lung, head & neck, and gastric cancer care was reviewed with respect to NCCN guidelines...
February 22, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466848/factors-associated-with-treatment-interruption-in-elderly-patients-with-cancer
#9
Hye Sung Won, Der Sheng Sun, Ji Young Choi, Ho Jung An, Yoon Ho Ko
Background/Aims: This study was conducted to identify risk factors that predict vulnerability to cancer therapy on the basis of the clinical, geriatric, and quality of life assessment before starting treatment in elderly patients. Methods: Seventy-five patients aged 65 years and over with newly diagnosed stage IV solid cancer receiving chemotherapy were analyzed. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The geriatric assessment was performed using the Korean versions of the Modified Barthel Index, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Mini-Mental State Examination, and Geriatric Depression Scale...
February 23, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464856/influence-of-chemoradiotherapy-on-nutritional-status-functional-capacity-quality-of-life-and-toxicity-of-treatment-for-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#10
Mariah A Aredes, Marcelly R Garcez, Gabriela V Chaves
AIM: Assess the influence of chemoradiotherapy on the nutritional status, functional capacity and quality of life (QoL), associating these indicators at baseline with toxicity and interruption of oncologic treatment in women with cervical cancer. METHODS: Prospective cohort study performed on 49 women diagnosed with cervical cancer, who underwent treatment between August 2015 and January 2016. For data collection, two appointments were conducted by the lead researcher: the first occurred the day before the first chemotherapy session (T0) and the other at the end of chemotherapy session (T1)...
February 21, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464667/economic-evaluation-of-bevacizumab-for-treatment-of-platinum-resistant-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-in-canada
#11
Graeme Ball, Feng Xie, Jean-Eric Tarride
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Although the disease is relatively rare, it carries a disproportionately large morbidity burden. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cost-utility analysis from a Canadian public payer perspective to determine the cost effectiveness of bevacizumab, a newly available treatment option for recurrent ovarian cancer. METHODS: Using a 7-year time horizon, a three health-state cohort-based partitioned survival model was developed to assess the cost utility of bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (BEV) versus chemotherapy alone...
March 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462248/quality-of-life-analysis-of-the-mito-8-mango-bgog-ov1-ago-ovar2-16-engot-ov1-gcig-study-comparing-platinum-based-versus-non-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-partially-platinum-sensitive-recurrent-ovarian-cancer
#12
M C Piccirillo, G Scambia, A Bologna, S Signoriello, I Vergote, K Baumann, D Lorusso, V Murgia, R Sorio, G Ferrandina, C Sacco, G Cormio, E Breda, S Cinieri, D Natale, G Mangili, C Pisano, S C Cecere, M Di Napoli, V Salutari, F Raspagliesi, L Arenare, A Bergamini, J Bryce, G Daniele, C Gallo, S Pignata, F Perrone
Background: MITO-8 showed that prolonging platinum-free interval by introducing non-platinum-based chemotherapy (NPBC) does not improve prognosis of patients with partially platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Quality of life (QOL) was a secondary outcome. Patients and methods: Ovarian cancer patients recurring or progressing 6-12 months after previous platinum-based chemotherapy (PBC) were randomized to receive PBC or NPBC as first treatment. QOL was assessed at baseline, 3rd and 6th cycle, with the EORTC C-30 and OV-28 questionnaires...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461633/neuromuscular-dysfunction-in-the-cancer-patient-evaluation-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer A Baima, Julie K Silver, Mathew Most
Cancer is a common diagnosis. In conjunction with various anti-neoplastic therapies delivered sequentially or concurrently, it makes oncology patients among the most complex to treat. This review uses a series of case studies to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of cancer-related nerve and muscle disorders. Oncologic treatment interventions such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormonal therapy, often have predictable side-effects, and sometimes their associated disability can be mitigated, especially if recognized early...
February 20, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460033/factors-associated-with-improved-outcomes-for-metastatic-inflammatory-breast-cancer-patients
#14
Anna Weiss, Rhiana S Menen, Heather Y Lin, Yu Shen, Kelly J Rosso, Simona Shaitelman, Wendy Woodward, Vicente Valero, Naoto T Ueno, Isabelle Bedrosian, Gildy Babiera
PURPOSE: Controversy exists regarding the role of locoregional therapy for stage IV inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). This study aims to determine indicators of prognosis, including primary tumor resection, for stage IV IBC patients. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Data Base, female patients diagnosed 2010-2013 with unilateral a priori metastatic T4d invasive adenocarcinoma of the breast were identified. We conducted propensity score matched analysis to balance confounders of surgery versus no-surgery...
February 19, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458286/cost-effectiveness-of-ceritinib-in-previously-untreated-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-united-states
#15
Zheng-Yi Zhou, Alex Mutebi, Simeng Han, Arielle G Bensimon, Marie Louise Ricculli, Jipan Xie, Anand Dalal, Ken Culver
AIMS: To assess the cost-effectiveness of first-line ceritinib versus crizotinib and platinum doublet chemotherapy for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from a US third-party payer's perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A partitioned survival model with three health states (stable disease, progressive disease, death) was developed over a 20-year time horizon. Ceritinib's efficacy inputs (progression-free and overall survival) were estimated from ASCEND-4; parametric survival models extrapolated data beyond the trial period...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455301/sexual-functioning-among-early-post-treatment-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Nancy E Avis, Aimee Johnson, Mollie Rose Canzona, Beverly J Levine
PURPOSE: This study aims (1) to estimate percentages of partnered women who are sexually active over the first 2 years post-breast cancer diagnosis; (2) to identify factors related to sexual inactivity; and (3) to evaluate separately, among both sexually active and inactive survivors, the relation between sexual problems and treatment-related variables, symptoms, and psychosocial factors. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of breast cancer survivors recruited within 8 months of cancer diagnosis and followed for 18 months...
February 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452346/beyond-second-line-therapy-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#17
D Arnold, G W Prager, A Quintela, A Stein, S Moreno, N Mounedji, J Taieb
Background: The optimal chemotherapeutic regimen for use beyond the second-line for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) remains unclear. Materials and methods: We systematically searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE and Medline for records published between January 2002 and May 2017, and cancer congress databases for records published between January 2014 and June 2017. Eligible studies evaluated the efficacy, safety and patient-reported outcomes of monotherapies or combination therapies at any dose and number of treatment cycles for use beyond the second line in patients with mCRC...
February 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451662/what-clinical-functional-and-psychological-factors-before-treatment-are-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-chemotherapy
#18
Ariella Sebastião Mangia, Nara Lisiane de Oliveira Coqueiro, Fernanda Cabral Azevedo, Hiago Tomaz da Silva Araujo, Elizandra de Oliveira Amorim, Cibelli Navarro Rodrigues Alves, Calvino Camargo, Allex Jardim da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To correlate physical activity level (PAL), functional capacity and psychological state with quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT). METHOD: Observational cohort study. Patients (n=121) with any primary cancer site with indications of chemotherapy with palliative or curative intent were evaluated at three moments: 1) patient admission (week 0), before chemotherapy; 2) week 8; 3) end of CT. Data were collected regarding QoL, PAL, clinical data, functional capacity (short walking distance test, sitting-rising test, isometric manual gripping force), and anxiety and depression tests...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451059/-oncokompas-a-web-based-self-management-application-to-support-patient-activation-and-optimal-supportive-care-a-feasibility-study-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Heleen C Melissant, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Inge R Konings, Pim Cuijpers, Cornelia F Van Uden-Kraan
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have to deal with symptoms related to cancer and its treatment. In Oncokompas, cancer survivors monitor their quality of life by completing patient reported outcome measures (PROMs), followed by personalized feedback, self-care advice, and supportive care options to stimulate patient activation. The aim of this study was to investigate feasibility and pretest-posttest differences of Oncokompas including a newly developed breast cancer (BC) module among BC survivors...
February 16, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446119/pancreaticoduodenal-arterial-arcades-their-dominance-and-variations-their-potential-clinical-relevance
#20
András Szuák, Károly Németh, Csaba Korom, Endre Gáti, Kinga Karlinger, László Harsányi, Ágnes Nemeskéri
INTRODUCTION: The complex arterial system makes pancreatic interventions technically challenging for surgeons, and interventional radiologists. The arterial variants may alter tumor resecability, and cause complications in arterial embolization. International data on pancreatic blood supply are variable; therefore, we aimed to determine the frequency of variants of pancreaticoduodenal arterial arcades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Arteries of human abdominal organ complexes (50) were injected with resin mixture, and then corroded...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
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