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chemotherapy and quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666135/study-protocol-for-the-saron-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-trial-comparing-the-addition-of-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-and-radical-radiotherapy-with-standard-chemotherapy-alone-for-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
John Conibear, Brendan Chia, Yenting Ngai, Andrew Tom Bates, Nicholas Counsell, Rushil Patel, David Eaton, Corinne Faivre-Finn, John Fenwick, Martin Forster, Gerard G Hanna, Susan Harden, Philip Mayles, Syed Moinuddin, David Landau
INTRODUCTION: Following growing evidence to support the safety, local control (LC) and potential improvement in overall survival (OS) in patients with oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that have been treated with local ablative therapy such as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), we initiate the SARON trial to investigate the impact and feasibility of adding SABR/SRS and radical radiotherapy (RRT) following standard chemotherapy on OS...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666026/cervical-cancer-state-of-the-science-from-angiogenesis-blockade-to-checkpoint-inhibition
#2
REVIEW
Lindsey E Minion, Krishnansu S Tewari
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has emerged as a therapeutic target in several malignancies, including cervical cancer. Chemotherapy doublets combined with the fully humanized monoclonal antibody, bevacizumab, now constitute first-line therapy for women struggling with recurrent/metastatic cervical carcinoma. Regulatory approval for this indication was based on the phase III randomized trial, GOG 240, which demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival when bevacizumab was added to chemotherapy: 17...
March 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662516/adolescent-and-young-adult-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-special-considerations
#3
REVIEW
Amanda F Saltzman, Nicholas G Cost
While testicular germ cell tumors (T-GCTs) make up only 0.5% of pediatric malignancies and less than 2% of adult malignancies, they comprise 14% of adolescent malignancies, making it the most common solid tumor in this age group. The transition in incidence at this age is also accompanied by a transition in tumor histology with adolescents having mostly pure embryonal carcinoma and mixed nonseminomatous germ cell tumors. Similar to T-GCTs of all ages, surgical excision with orchiectomy is the standard initial step in treatment...
2018: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660436/in-vitro-study-of-doxorubicin-induced-oxidative-stress-in-spermatogonia-and-immature-sertoli-cells
#4
Amélie R Tremblay, Geraldine Delbes
Pediatric chemotherapy treatments can impair long-term male fertility. Unfortunately, no fertility preservation solution is available for pre-pubertal boys. Studies suggest that doxorubicin, used against pediatric cancers, induces oxidative stress in the testis. However, the targeted testicular cell types remain unknown. The goal of this study was to determine whether doxorubicin can induce oxidative stress in rat spermatogonia (GC-6Spg) and immature Sertoli (Ser-W3) cell lines, and to assess their protection by antioxidants...
April 13, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660422/cme-part-1-hair-disorders-in-cancer-patients
#5
REVIEW
Azael Freites-Martinez, Jerry Shapiro, Shari Goldfarb, Julie Nangia, Joaquin J Jimenez, Ralf Paus, Mario E Lacouture
Cytotoxic chemotherapies, molecularly targeted therapies, immunotherapies, radiotherapy, stem cell transplants, and endocrine therapies may lead to hair disorders (including alopecia, hirsutism, hypertrichosis, pigmentary and textural hair changes). The mechanisms underlying these changes are varied and remain incompletely understood, hampering the development of preventive or therapeutic guidelines. The psychosocial impact of chemotherapy -induced alopecia has been well-documented mainly in the oncology literature, however the effect of other alterations such as radiation-induced alopecia, hirsutism, changes in hair color or texture on quality of life have not been described...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660270/protective-effect-of-a-mitochondria-targeted-peptide-against-the-development-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-mice
#6
Satoshi Toyama, Naohito Shimoyama, Hazel H Szeto, Peter W Schiller, Megumi Shimoyama
Several chemotherapeutic agents used for cancer treatment induce dose-limiting peripheral neuropathy that compromises patients' quality of life and limits cancer treatment. Recently, mitochondrial dysfunction has been shown to be involved in the mechanism of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. SS-20 is a mitochondria-targeted peptide that promotes mitochondrial respiration and restores mitochondrial bioenergetics. In the present study, we examined the protective effect of SS-20 against the development of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy utilizing a murine model of peripheral neuropathy induced by oxaliplatin, a first-line chemotherapy agent for colon cancer...
April 18, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659329/cost-effectiveness-analyses-of-the-21-gene-assay-in-breast-cancer-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal
#7
Shi-Yi Wang, Weixiong Dang, Ilana Richman, Sarah S Mougalian, Suzanne B Evans, Cary P Gross
Purpose Prior studies examining cost effectiveness of the 21-gene assay (Oncotype DX [ODX]) for women with hormone receptor-positive, early-stage breast cancer have yielded disparate results. We aimed to explore why these analyses may have yielded different conclusions. Methods We conducted a systematic literature review of cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) of ODX. We examined the extent to which the structure of CEA modeling, the assumptions of the models, and the selection of input parameters influenced cost-effectiveness estimates...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655852/aidi-injection-plus-platinum-based-chemotherapy-for-stage-iiib-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-42-rcts-following-the-prisma-guidelines
#8
Jue Wang, Guochun Li, Lili Yu, Tingting Mo, Qibiao Wu, Zhou Zhou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aidi injection is one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is made from an extraction of Mylabris Phalerata, Radix Astragalus, Radix Ginseng, and Acanthopanax Senticosus. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Aidi injection in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy for stage IIIB/IV NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed following the PRISMA (the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652755/comprehensive-treatment-and-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-osteosarcoma-of-the-mandible
#9
Anatolij Sergeevich Utyuzh, Alexei Valerievich Yumashev, Hans Walter Lang, Angelina Olegovna Zekiy, Richard Michailovich Lushkov
OBJECTIVE: The article studies state-of-the art physical therapeutic techniques as a high degree of relevance to minimize invalidation and improve quality of life for patients with dental osteosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 21 patients with osteogenic sarcoma of mandible (C41.1). There were 10 patients in the experimental group and 11 patients in the control group. RESULTS: A comprehensive treatment and rehabilitation program for patients with osteosarcoma of mandible was developed...
April 12, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651851/patient-satisfaction-after-breast-reconstruction-implants-vs-autologous-tissues
#10
S Fracon, N Renzi, M Manara, V Ramella, G Papa, Z M Arnež
INTRODUCTION: Breast reconstruction is increasingly present in the treatment of breast cancer. It may be accomplished with implants or autologous tissues. This cross-sectional study evaluates patients satisfaction and quality of life in women after successful autologous or implant breast reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 women who successfully underwent breast reconstruction between 2007 and 2016 were included. The patients completed the BREAST-Q questionnaire at follow-up visits...
2018: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651672/factors-associated-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-patients-prior-to-initiating-adjuvant-therapy
#11
P Jimenez-Fonseca, C Calderón, R Hernández, T Ramón Y Cajal, M Mut, A Ramchandani, O Donnay, A Carmona-Bayonas
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression affect cancer patients' quality of life. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression and analyze the association between positive psychological factors, sociodemographic factors, and clinical factors in oncological patients initiating adjuvant treatment. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter cohort of 600 consecutive patients completed the Brief Symptom Inventory, Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer, Life Orientation Scale-Revised, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support questionnaires...
April 12, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651596/predictors-of-attendance-to-an-oncologist-referred-exercise-program-for-women-with-breast-cancer
#12
Kelcey A Bland, Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Amy A Kirkham, Alis Bonsignore, Cheri L Van Patten, Donald C McKenzie, Karen A Gelmon, Kristin L Campbell
PURPOSE: While exercise is associated with numerous benefits in women with breast cancer, adherence to exercise training concurrent to cancer treatment is challenging. We aimed to identify predictors of attendance to an oncologist-referred exercise program offered during and after adjuvant breast cancer treatment. METHODS: Women with early-stage breast cancer receiving chemotherapy (n = 68) enrolled in the Nutrition and Exercise During Adjuvant Treatment (NExT) study...
April 13, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651352/prolonged-survival-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-with-intrathecal-treatments-for-isolated-central-nervous-system-relapse
#13
Elan Gorshein, Sheila Kalathil, Mecide Gharibo
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is commonly cured when diagnosed in the pediatric population. It portends a poorer prognosis if present in adult patients. Although adults frequently achieve complete remission, relapse rates are substantial, particularly among the elderly and high-risk populations. In the absence of prophylactic intrathecal chemotherapy, more than half of patients may develop CNS involvement or relapse, which is associated with significant risk for systemic illness. This report describes a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia with repeated isolated CNS relapses...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650902/-the-significance-of-pharmacist-intervention-focused-on-improvement-of-adverse-events-and-cancer-pain
#14
Fumitaka Kawaguchi, Jun Watanabe, Takafumi Tsuneki, Akihiko Kikkawa
It was reported that focusing on palliative care for patients with cancer improved their anxiety and depression and prolonged their survival. Similarly, the pharmacist intervention for cancer patients suggested the improvement in anxiety and depression; but, such improvement has not yet been demonstrated by focusing on pharmacist attitudes and behaviors of which the patients were the primary beneficiaries. Therefore, we evaluated the significance of pharmacist intervention focusing on improvement of adverse events and cancer pain...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650833/-a-case-of-local-recurrence-of-descending-colon-cancer-with-ileus-obstruction-and-lung-liver-and-brain-metastasis
#15
Ryouichi Tomita, Shigeru Fujisaki, Kenichi Sakurai, Takeo Azuhata, Yuko Takamoto
We report a 50-year-old man with local recurrence of descending colon cancer with ileus obstruction and brain metastasis, 2 years 6 months after initial resection due to perforation of descending colon cancer(Hartmann procedure, D2 lymph node resection, Stage II, tub2). He complained of left upper abdominal pain and abdominal fullness. He also complained of paresis of the right upper extremity and of experiencing convulsions 1 month before admission. He was diagnosed with local recurrence of descending colon cancer, based on findings of contrast radiography and the presence of colonic fiber...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650688/outcomes-of-elderly-patients-with-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcoma-treated-with-first-line-chemotherapy-a-pooled-analysis-of-12-eortc-soft-tissue-and-bone-sarcoma-group-trials
#16
Eugenie Younger, Saskia Litière, Axel Le Cesne, Olivier Mir, Hans Gelderblom, Antoine Italiano, Sandrine Marreaud, Robin Lewis Jones, Alessandro Gronchi, Winette T A van der Graaf
BACKGROUND: Almost half of patients diagnosed with soft tissue sarcoma (STS) are older than 65 years; however, the outcomes of elderly patients with metastatic disease are not well described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An elderly cohort of patients aged ≥65 years was extracted from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group database of patients treated with first-line chemotherapy for advanced STS within 12 EORTC clinical trials...
April 12, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650201/spirituality-in-adolescents-with-cancer
#17
Sembiring Lina Mahayati, Allenidekania, Hayati Happy
OBJECTIVE: As adolescents with cancer are at risk of experiencing spiritual distress, they tend to have unique spiritual needs. Spirituality plays a significant role for adolescents with cancer as it contributes to increased comfort and calmness, and better coping mechanisms when confronted with the illness, which indirectly improves the adolescent's quality of life. This study aimed to explore spiritual experiences in adolescents with cancer. METHOD: A qualitative study using a phenomenology approach was conducted...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649989/evaluation-of-efficacy-and-safety-for-brucea-javanica-oil-emulsion-in-the-control-of-the-malignant-pleural-effusions-via-thoracic-perfusion
#18
Dai Fuhong, Gao Xiang, Li Haiying, Wang Jiangye, Gao Xueming, Chai Wenxiao
BACKGROUND: Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) is traditional Chinese medicine with implicated anti-tumor activity, which has been used for treating lung cancer in China. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effects and safety of intrapleural injection of BJOE in treating malignant pleural effusion (MPE). METHODS: The randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects and safety of BJOE in treating MPE were searched from electronic medical database including MEDLINE, SCI, EMBASE, Cochrance Library and CNKI...
April 12, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649081/psychometric-testing-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-quality-of-life-questionnaire-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-20-item-scale-using-pooled-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-outcome-measures-standardization
#19
Ellen M Lavoie Smith, Tanima Banerjee, James J Yang, Celia M Bridges, Paola Alberti, Jeff A Sloan, Charles Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: No criterion-standard patient-reported outcome measure of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) exists. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to reevaluate the sensitivity, reliability, and validity of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-CIPN (QLQ-CIPN20) measure and suggest possible revisions that could strengthen it. METHODS: Cross-sectional QLQ-CIPN20 data from 8 European countries (n = 271) were pooled with data from 4 North American multisite CIPN intervention trials (n = 884)...
April 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644986/evaluation-of-fatigue-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-treatment-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#20
Mariacristina Di Marco, Ivan Rubbi, Agnese Baldi, Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Daniela Magnani, Valeria Cremonini, Leopoldo Sarli, Giovanna Artioli, Paola Ferri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common symptoms experienced by cancer patients (CPs) and negatively affects quality of life. Although CRF is frequently experienced, it is often underreported, underdiagnosed and undertreated. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the level of fatigue in patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing chemotherapy and to analyse its correlation with patients' demographic and clinical variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was implemented in the Oncology Day Hospital of a Northern Italian hospital...
February 27, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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