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malabsortion syndrome

Elias E Mazokopakis
Elevations in serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels after denosumab administration have been described in medical literature among patients with renal impairment or intestinal malabsortion syndromes. We present the first case of denosumab-induced normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism in a woman with postmenopausal osteoporosis without renal impairment or malabsorption syndrome.
June 7, 2018: Current Drug Safety
Fernando Man, Luis María Bustos Fernández
Irritable bowel syndrome is a highly prevalent condition responsible for almost one third of visits to the gastroenterologist and huge expenses for diagnosis, treatment and loss of working days. A unique pathophysiologic mechanism has not been elucidated yet and several possibilities have been proposed such as senso-perception and motor disturbances, the effect of stress and anxiety, serotonin receptor failures, activation of abnormal brain areas and pain modulation differences, among others. The absence of a biological marker has led the investigators to consider this syndrome as an exclusion diagnostic condition, once the organic diseases have been discarded The changes in gut microbiota have recently raised great interest among gastroenterologists...
December 2013: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
Ana M Ramos-Leví, Natalia Pérez-Ferre, Andrés Sánchez-Pernaute, Antonio J Torres García, Miguel A Rubio Herrera
Vitamin A deficiency may occur after malabsorptive bariatric surgery. However, it rarely entails important functionally limiting symptoms. We present the case of a woman who underwent bariatric surgery and developed ocular dryness, xeroderma and hearing loss due to severe vitamin A deficiency. We illustrate an outstanding and exceptional case of the consequences of an excessive and uncontrolled malabsorption.
July 2013: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
O I Sokolova, A V Dem'ianov, L S Bovers, E S Did'e, Iu Ia Sokolova
The FTA technology was applied for sampling, archiving, and molecular analysis of the DNA isolated from stool samples to diagnose and identify microsporidia, the intracellular opportunistic parasites which induce malabsortion syndrome in immunosuppressed humans, particularly in patients with AIDS. Microsporidia DNA was successfully amplified in 6 of 50 stool samples of HIV-positive patients of the S. P. Botkin Memorial Infectious Disease Hospital (St. Petersburg) applied to FTA cards (FTA-Cars, Whatman Inc...
2011: Tsitologiia
Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, Pilar Peris, Laia Gifre, Nuria Guañabens
Obesity is an ever-increasing disease in our environment, and a major risk factor for the development of other chronic diseases that increase morbidity and mortality. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity, since it not only allows a significant and sustained loss of weight, but also an important reduction of its co-morbidities. However, this treatment is not free of complications, since along with weight loss, frequent nutritional and metabolic deficiencies have been described. These complications are particularly frequent when mixed surgical procedures with a restrictive and malabsortive component such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion are performed...
February 26, 2011: Medicina Clínica
Eduardo A Cueto Rua, Luciana Guzmán, Gabriela Nanfito, Soledad Barrera, Ricardo Drut
We are reporting ten recently diagnosed children with celiac disease who presented neither undernutrition nor symptoms suggesting malabsortion syndrome. All showed IgA, EMA and just eight tTG2 autoantibodies. Biopsies allowing histopathologic diagnosis were taken after detailed endoscopic examina- tion from proximal duodenum. Samples from distal duodenum were within normal histologic range. The findings are particularly interesting in order to explain cases with aparent disagreements between clinical, laboratory and histopathologic data...
April 2008: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Salim Afzal, Iftikhar Qayum, Iftikhar Ahmad, Salma Kundi
BACKGROUND: Ileocecal Tuberculosis (TB) is difficult to diagnose clinically as getting histological specimens means resorting to surgery, which is often hazardous and complicated in sick, anemic and emaciated patients with malabsortion syndrome. The present study was undertaken as an attempt to devise clinical criteria for diagnosis of ileocecal TB without resorting to invasive surgery. METHODS: 52 patients with suspected ileocecal TB were assigned pre-determined criteria based on clinical signs, symptoms and simple laboratory investigations...
October 2006: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
A Blanco Barrios, F Zancada Díaz De Entre-Sotos, A Rodríguez Pérez
Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the gastrointestinal tract associated to endometriosis is an uncommon cause of chronic pseudo-obstruction and malabsortion. The case of a 32-year-old woman who suffered from this syndrome for one a half years is described. Diagnosis was achieved by laparotomy, which disclosed swelling and inflammation of the 30 cm terminal yeyunal portion. Removal of the involved intestine and side-to-side anastomosis were performed. The pathological findings were: follicular lymphoid hyperplasia with mucosal ulcers an fissures inflammatory pseudo-polyps, chronic deep enteritis and areas of endometriosis...
December 2003: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Ferenc Szalay
UNLABELLED: Alcohol induced gastrointestinal diseases are common and significant, and may lead to early death. The annual death caused by alcoholic liver disease and pancreatitis in Hungary is up to 8000. Metabolites, mainly acetaldehyde and free radicals are responsible for the injury. Although the alcohol itself is not carcinogenic, some maligancies are more common among alcoholics. AIM AND METHODS: In this review the hepatic and extrahepatic metabolism of alcohol, the epidemiology, pathomechanism, clinical signs of the alcohol induced organ damages and the treatment options are summarized...
August 24, 2003: Orvosi Hetilap
C R Blanco-Jerez, A Jiménez-Escrig, J M Gobernado, S Lopez-Calvo, G de Blas, C Redondo, M García Villanueva, L Orensanz
More than 40 point mutations (producing different clinical manifestations) have been described in diverse points of the plasma protein transthyretin (TTR). The Met30 is considered the most common mutation, the Tyr77 mutation being the second most prevalent. However, data from patients with this late mutation are scarce, and usually come from isolated case reports or tables. The Tyr77 mutation is not as well characterized as the Met30 mutation, especially with respect to such aspects as prognosis or possible treatment by liver transplantation...
November 1998: Muscle & Nerve
F Alonso Falcón, B C Beringola, M J Simón Merlo, A Gil Aguado, V Torres, G Fontán
UNLABELLED: In order to establish a relationship between radiological and clinical data and/or early diagnosis of the complications frequently found in patients with hypogammaglobulinemia, we carried out gastrointestinal series (GIS) in 47 patients mean age 22.5 years with hypogammaglobulinemia or primary antibody deficiencies. RESULTS: 15 patients did not show any radiological abnormalities. Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) was found in 23 cases. None of the patients with NLH had gastrointestinal symptoms...
September 1996: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
T Cabrera Chaves, F Gomollón García, M A Simón Marco, R Uribarrena Echevarría, R Alvarez Alegret
Coeliac disease is the most frequent malabsortive syndrome in daily practice. However, its true prevalence is not exactly known. The symptoms vary from patient to patient, ranging from the classic presentation with diarrhea, weight loss and fatigue to oligosymptomatic forms, being the latter more common in adults. We report two patients in which urinary and skin spontaneous hemorrhage were the only symptoms, and led to the diagnosis. We insist on the importance of considering the diagnosis of coeliac disease in patients with this kind of clinical manifestations...
January 1996: Revista Clínica Española
H L Dockus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1966: Prensa Médica Argentina
H E Bock, H P Missmahl, Castrillón-Oberndorfer, C Mosquera-Sánchez, F W Aly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1966: Prensa Médica Argentina
J Monerero, M Cañedo, J Domínguez, H Escobar, K knapp, J G Utrilla, C M Almoyna, C Vázquez
Two interesting aspects should be considered in intestinal malabsortion from the Surgical point of view. First, this sindrome may be caused by subobstructive lesions of the gut, which may be able of surgical correction. Second, malabsortion may follow certain operations performed in the gastrointestinal tract. Many of this problems are connected with alterations of the intestinal flora, and or a diminution in the obstructive intestinal surface. The clinical picture is not clear due to the pathological and surgical implications...
March 1975: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
M J Varas Lorenzo, J A Curto Cardús, M Sans Segarra, M Carrera Plans
A 58-year-old patient with hypergastrinemia (basal and after stimulation by means of protein food, calcium, glucagon, and secretin), acid hypersecretion, recurrent anastomotic ulcer, gastrocolonic fistula, steatorrhea, and malabsortion (hypocalcemia, hypocholesterolemia and a rather elevated 5-HIAA) is reported. The definite preoperative diagnosis of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome was established after the intravenous secretin test (75 U) which produced a significant stimulation peak 5 minutes after being injected...
June 25, 1979: Medicina Clínica
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