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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753734/investigation-of-nerve-conduction-studies-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-cases-with-different-risk-factors-an-electrodiagnostic-study
#1
Volkan Solmaz, Selçuk Yavuz, Ahmet İnanr, Dürdane Aksoy, Elmas Pektaş, Aslan Tekataş, Semiha Gulsum Kurt
INTRODUCTION: our aim was to determine if there are electro diagnostic (EDX) differences between carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), CTS+hypothyroidism (HT), CTS+fibromyalgia (FMS), CTS+rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and idiopathic CTS cases by comparing nerve conduction studies (NCS). METHOD: This research examined electrophysiological studies of untreated 47 HT+CTS, 47 DM+CTS, 49 RA+CTS, 52 FMS+CTS, 50 idiopathic CTS cases, and a healthy control group of 50 individuals (total of 293 patients and 433 hands with CTS)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111355/reporting-of-sex-effects-by-systematic-reviews-on-interventions-for-depression-diabetes-and-chronic-pain
#2
Wei Duan-Porter, Karen M Goldstein, Jennifer R McDuffie, Jaime M Hughes, Megan E B Clowse, Ruth S Klap, Varsha Masilamani, Nancy M Allen LaPointe, Avishek Nagi, Jennifer M Gierisch, John W Williams
Systematic reviews (SRs) have the potential to contribute uniquely to the evaluation of sex and gender differences (termed "sex effects"). This article describes the reporting of sex effects by SRs on interventions for depression, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and chronic pain conditions (chronic low back pain, knee osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia). It includes SRs published since 1 October 2009 that evaluate medications, behavioral interventions, exercise, quality improvement, and some condition-specific treatments...
August 2, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886599/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-diabetes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-ogtt-study
#3
Francesco Ursini, Emilio Russo, Salvatore D'Angelo, Franco Arturi, Marta Letizia Hribal, Lucia D'Antona, Caterina Bruno, Giovanni Tripepi, Saverio Naty, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by an excess of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, estimated to be at least 50% greater when compared to the general population. Although the widespread diffusion of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) awareness, there is still a significant proportion of patients with T2DM that remain undiagnosed. Aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in RA patients. For the present study, 100 consecutive nondiabetic RA patients were recruited...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876387/cannabinoids-and-autoimmune-diseases-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Valeria Katchan, Paula David, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Cannabinoids have shown to have a variety effects on body systems. Through CB1 and CB2 receptors, amongst other, they exert an effect by modulating neurotransmitter and cytokine release. Current research in the role of cannabinoids in the immune system shows that they possess immunosuppressive properties. They can inhibit proliferation of leucocytes, induce apoptosis of T cells and macrophages and reduce secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In mice models, they are effective in reducing inflammation in arthritis, multiple sclerosis, have a positive effect on neuropathic pain and in type 1 diabetes mellitus...
June 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25102042/daily-application-of-transdermal-fentanyl-patches-in-patients-receiving-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#5
Jayne Pawasauskas, George Perdrizet
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a treatment for a variety of conditions, particularly nonhealing wounds. The treatment requires the inhalation of pure oxygen in a sealed chamber that is pressurized to 1.5 to 3 times that of normal atmospheric pressure. HBOT safety protocols require all transdermal products to be removed prior to entrance into the hyperbaric chamber, and many institutional policies state that removed patches are not to be reapplied. Limited data are available regarding the use of transdermal fentanyl patches in patients undergoing HBOT...
September 2014: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24939007/-gender-specific-differences-in-comorbidities-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
REVIEW
K Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities play an important role in the course and therapy of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Sex-specific aspects are observed with regard to prevalence and manifestation of RA-related comorbidities. AIM: A summary of current insights into sex and gender-related aspects of frequent comorbidities in RA is given. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National data were analyzed and literature findings from meta-analyses, observational studies and reviews with regard to gender and RA-associated comorbidities are presented...
September 2014: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24450503/liposome-bupivacaine-for-postsurgical-pain-in-an-obese-woman-with-chronic-pain-undergoing-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-a-case-report
#7
Peter M Bertin
INTRODUCTION: To reduce incidence and severity of postsurgical pain and minimize the effect of its clinical and economic correlates, multimodal therapy for surgical patients is recommended. In this report, we discuss the use of liposome bupivacaine, a novel multivesicular formulation of bupivacaine indicated for single-dose infiltration into the surgical site to produce postsurgical analgesia, as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen in a patient with a history of chronic pain scheduled to undergo laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24422915/immunoglobulin-g-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-report-of-an-expert-workshop
#8
Stefano Tamburin, Kristian Borg, Xavier J Caro, Stefano Jann, Alexander J Clark, Francesca Magrinelli, Gen Sobue, Lars Werhagen, Giampietro Zanette, Haruki Koike, Peter J Späth, Angela Vincent, Andreas Goebel
BACKGROUND: The treatment of chronic pain is still unsatisfactory. Despite the availability of different drugs, most patients with chronic pain do not receive satisfactory pain relief or report side effects. Converging evidence implicates involvement of the immune system in the pathogenesis of different types of nociceptive and neuropathic chronic pain. DESIGN: At a workshop in Liverpool, UK (October 2012), experts presented evidence suggesting immunological involvement in chronic pain and recent data supporting the concept that the established immune-modulating drug, polyvalent immunoglobulin G (IgG), either given intravenously (IVIg) or subcutaneously (SCIg), may reduce pain in some peripheral neuropathies and a range of other pain disorders...
July 2014: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24231601/helpful-or-harmful-potential-effects-of-exercise-on-select-inflammatory-conditions
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer L Thomas
Inflammation has been characterized as a double-edged sword, requiring a balance between health as maintained by regular exercise and activities that would exacerbate inflammatory diseases. The influence of exercise on inflammation is complex and has been widely studied in both healthy patient populations as well as populations of patients with many inflammatory and/or autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Inflammatory markers can be affected by the type of exercise and muscle contraction, as well as the intensity, duration, and consistency of the exercise sessions...
November 2013: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24085807/a-practical-approach-to-prescribing-antidepressants
#10
Elizabeth Shultz, Donald A Malone
Although antidepressant drugs do not differ much in their efficacy rates, the particular characteristics of one drug may make it a better choice in a given patient. This article provides insight into the art of prescribing antidepressants in primary care, with recommendations for prescribing for patients with chronic pain, sexual dysfunction, anxiety, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, severe insomnia, old age, diabetes, and heart problems.
October 2013: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23975300/incidence-and-predictors-of-neuropathic-pain-following-breast-surgery
#11
Gregory C Wilson, Ralph C Quillin, Dennis J Hanseman, Jaime D Lewis, Michael J Edwards, Elizabeth A Shaughnessy
PURPOSE: Neuropathic pain (NPP) following breast surgery extends morbidity in the postoperative period. The incidence and etiology of postoperative NPP remains unclear and under-reported in literature. This study aims to define the incidence of neuropathic pain following breast surgery and to identify patient characteristics that are predictors for developing postoperative NPP. METHODS: Consecutive female patients undergoing breast resection surgery over a 5-year period (2008-2012) with 1-year minimum follow-up were included in this single-center study...
October 2013: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23892884/insulin-resistance-possible-risk-factor-for-cognitive-impairment-in-fibromialgic-patients
#12
Antonietta Fava, Massimiliano Plastino, Dario Cristiano, Antonio Spanò, Stefano Cristofaro, Carlo Opipari, Antonio Chillà, Fatima Casalinuovo, Carmen Colica, Matteo De Bartolo, Domenico Pirritano, Domenico Bosco
To evaluate glucose metabolism and/or insulin resistance (IR) in 96 patients with Fibromyalgia (FM), associated or not to cognitive impairment. We investigated glucose metabolism in 96 FM patients. Enrolled patients were divided into two groups: 48 patients with memory deficit (group A) and 48 without memory deficit (control group). We evaluated glucose and insulin levels after a 2 h-Oral-Glucose-Tolerance-Test (2 h-OGTT) and insulin resistance (IR) by the homeostasis model assessment formula (HOMA). Body Mass Index (BMI), waist-to-hip-ratio (WHR), anxiety level, fasting plasma insulin and Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory agents use were higher in patients with FM with memory impairment; while age, sex, waist circumference, education level, fasting plasma glucose, glycate hemoglobin, triglycerides, blood lipid profile, C- Reactivity-Protein (CRP), blood pressure and smoking habits were similar in both groups...
December 2013: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23314687/impact-of-managed-care-health-insurance-system-for-indigent-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-puerto-rico
#13
Yesenia Santiago-Casas, Tania González-Rivera, Lesliane Castro-Santana, Grissel Ríos, David Martínez, Vanessa Rodríguez, Rafael González-Alcover, Angel M Mayor, Luis M Vilá
The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcome among indigent patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Puerto Rico receiving their healthcare in a managed care system, as compared with non-indigent patients treated in fee-for-service settings. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 214 Puerto Ricans with RA (per American College of Rheumatology classification criteria). Demographic features, health-related behaviors, cumulative clinical manifestations, disease activity (per disease activity score 28), comorbid conditions, functional status (per Health Assessment Questionnaire), and pharmacologic profile were determined...
June 2013: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22191024/the-prevalence-of-fibromyalgia-in-other-chronic-pain-conditions
#14
Muhammad B Yunus
Central sensitivity syndromes (CSS) include fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), irritable bowel syndrome, temporomandibular disorder, restless legs syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, and other similar chronic painful conditions that are based on central sensitization (CS). CSS are mutually associated. In this paper, prevalence of FMS among other members of CSS has been described. An important recent recognition is an increased prevalence of FMS in other chronic pain conditions with structural pathology, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2012: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22153881/sex-differences-in-disease-severity-among-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Katie L Crosslin, Kristin L Wiginton
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a prototypical autoimmune disease, often results in comorbidities from exposure to medications as well as from chronic inflammation. Identification of gender-based differences in comorbidities and disease severity may assist health practitioners in providing optimum care for those living with SLE. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study, which utilized hospital discharge data collected during a 7-year period to garner a large SLE patient sample, was to determine the effect of gender on SLE comorbidities and disease severity...
December 2011: Gender Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21952995/prevalence-of-clinical-and-laboratory-manifestations-and-comorbidities-in-polymyositis-according-to-gender
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fernando Henrique Carlos de Souza, Maurício Levy-Neto, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo
OBJECTIVE: To assess gender distribution in polymyositis (PM) and its influence on disease, regarding clinical and laboratory manifestations, outcome and comorbidities. METHODS: Retrospective single-center cohort study assessing 75 consecutive patients with PM (Bohan and Peter, 1975) from 1990 to 2010. Complementary tests were related to early diagnosis of PM. RESULTS: The study assessed 52 women and 23 men (ratio 2.3:1), most of whom white (84...
September 2011: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21930359/exploring-online-support-spaces-using-cluster-analysis-to-examine-breast-cancer-diabetes-and-fibromyalgia-support-groups
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Annie T Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to characterize and compare online discussion forums for three conditions: breast cancer, type 1 diabetes and fibromyalgia. Though there has been considerable work examining online support groups, few studies have considered differences in discussion content between health conditions. In addition, in contrast to the extant literature, this study sought to employ a semi-automated approach to examine health-related online communities. METHODS: Online discussion content for the three conditions was compiled, pre-processed, and clustered at the thread level using the bisecting k-means algorithm...
May 2012: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21486454/efficacy-of-alpha1-antitrypsin-augmentation-therapy-in-conditions-other-than-pulmonary-emphysema
#18
REVIEW
Ignacio Blanco, Beatriz Lara, Frederick de Serres
Up to now alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) augmentation therapy has been approved only for commercial use in selected adults with severe AAT deficiency-related pulmonary emphysema (i.e. PI*ZZ genotypes as well as combinations of Z, rare and null alleles expressing AAT serum concentrations <11 μmol/L). However, the compassionate use of augmentation therapy in recent years has proven outstanding efficacy in small cohorts of patients suffering from uncommon AAT deficiency-related diseases other than pulmonary emphysema, such as fibromyalgia, systemic vasculitis, relapsing panniculitis and bronchial asthma...
2011: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21424696/ghrelin-and-serotonin-producing-gastric-carcinoid
#19
Eleanor Latta, Fabio Rotondo, Lawrence A Leiter, Eva Horvath, Kalman Kovacs
We report the case of a 57-year-old woman with gastric carcinoid. The tumor was surgically removed and immunohistochemical investigation demonstrated a rare combination: ghrelin and serotonin in the cytoplasm of the tumor cells. The functional significance of simultaneous production of ghrelin and serotonin is not clear. It may be that an autocrine/paracrine interaction exists between these two different hormones.
June 2012: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21284491/pregnancy-outcome-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#20
Tammy Zioni, Dan Buskila, Barak Aricha-Tamir, Arnon Wiznitzer, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy outcome of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancies of women with and without FMS was conducted. Multivariable logistic regression models was performed to control for confounders RESULTS: Deliveries of 112 women with FMS were compared with a control group of 487 deliveries of women without FMS. Parturients with FMS had higher rates of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR; 7...
November 2011: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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