keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Osteoporosis elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153634/mid-term-survivals-after-cementless-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#1
Jung-Taek Kim, Hyun-Ho Kim, Jae-Hyung Kim, Yoon-Ho Kwak, Eui-Chan Chang, Yong-Chan Ha
BACKGROUND: Treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients remains challenging. The purpose of this prospective study is to determine clinical and radiological results of cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty using a fully porous-coated stem in osteoporotic elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures with follow-up over 5 years. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2011, we performed 123 cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasties using fully porous-coated stem to treat unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients with osteoporosis...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151451/fracture-risk-assessment-tool-frax-and-for-the-diagnosis-of-osteoporosis-in-japanese-middle-aged-and-elderly-women-chiba-bone-survey
#2
Rena Oka, Masahiro Ohira, Sawako Suzuki, Tomohiko Yoshida, Hisashi Koide, Tomoaki Tanaka, Ichiro Tatsuno
Osteoporosis not only increases bone fracture risk but also affects survival in postmenopausal women. Although osteoporosis is diagnosed based on low bone mineral density (BMD) determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), BMD measurement is sometimes difficult because DXA is not widely available in the community. The Fracture Risk Assessment tool (FRAX) can predict 10-year major osteoporotic fracture risk and hip fracture risk with or without femoral neck BMD. The FRAX has not been investigated adequately in community-dwelling Japanese women...
November 18, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149153/analysis-of-reporting-bias-in-vertebral-augmentation
#3
Douglas P Beall, Sean M Tutton, Kieran Murphy, Wayne Olan, Christopher Warner, Jack B Test
Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and worldwide, with estimates of 750,000 to 1.5 million occurring annually. As the elderly population continues to increase, the incidence of OVCFs will continue to rise, as will the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Vertebral augmentation (VA) was almost universally accepted as the appropriate treatment modality prior to 2 sham trials published in 2009 by the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143531/the-population-mean-mood-predicts-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-an-australian-context
#4
Aaron D Sia, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco, Felice N Jacka, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: The mean population mood has been demonstrated to strongly correlate with the prevalence of depression in European populations. Mean population mood has, therefore, been proposed as both a metric to measure the impact of population-level interventions to prevent depression and a target for public health policy. AIM: To demonstrate the relationship between mean population mood and the prevalence of depression using Australian data in order to broaden the applicability of this finding to the Australian population...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143066/-thoracolumbar-spinal-fractures-in-the-elderly-classification-and-treatment
#5
K J Schnake, P Bula, U J Spiegl, M Müller, F Hartmann, B W Ullrich, T R Blattert
Thoracolumbar fractures in the elderly are frequently associated with osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can cause fractures or be a significant comorbidity in traumatic fractures. The OF classification is based on conventional X‑ray, computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is easy to use and provides a clinically relevant classification of the fractures. Therapeutic decisions are made based on the clinical and radiological situation by using the OF score. The score takes the current clinical situation including patient-specific comorbidities into consideration...
November 15, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135297/-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture
#6
Antal Salamon, Erzsébet Toldy, Csaba Biró, Ákos Mátrai, Tibor Balassa, Zoltán Lőcsei
Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining calcium and bone metabolism, a risk factor of osteoporosis, fall and fracture in old age. Reduction in D-vitamin levels associated with compensatory increased level of parathyroid hormone causes significant loss of bone matrix, so substitutions of vitamin D and calcium are very important. Many authors publish their recommended doses used for prevention of hip fracture during the last years. Some authors are satisfied only with vitamin D supplementation while others have better experiences with vitamin D and calcium substitution...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125120/canal-to-diaphysis-ratio-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fractures-and-hip-fracture-pattern
#7
Prasad Ellanti, Kunal Mohan, Andrew Moriarity, Niall Hogan, Tom McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis and related fractures constitute a significant burden on modern healthcare. The standard method of diagnosing osteoporosis with a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan is limited by accessibility and expense. The thickness of the cortex of the proximal femur on plain radiographs has been suggested to be a method for indicating osteoporosis and as a risk factor of hip fractures in the elderly. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the usefulness of the canal-diaphysis ratio (CDR) as a risk factor for developing a hip fracture, excluding patients presenting under 50 years old, following high-energy trauma or pathological fractures...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116358/humeral-head-inferior-subluxation-in-proximal-humerus-fractures
#8
Stefano Carbone, Matteo Papalia, Valerio Arceri, Stefano Placidi, Andrea Carbone, Riccardo Mezzoprete
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study are to propose a reliable radiologic method for detecting static inferior subluxation of humeral head, to calculate the relative intra- and inter-observer reliability, and to evaluate its presence pre- and post-surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of patients surgically treated for a fracture of the proximal humerus. Fractures were classified using Codman-Lego criteria (radiographic, CT images), osteoporosis was assessed...
November 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113463/age-related-changes-in-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-a-potential-impact-on-osteoporosis-and-osteoarthritis-development
#9
Payal Ganguly, Jehan J El-Jawhari, Peter V Giannoudis, Agata N Burska, Frederique Ponchel, Elena A Jones
Aging at the cellular level is a complex process resulting from accumulation of various damages leading to functional impairment and a reduced quality of life at the level of the organism. With a rise in the elderly population, the worldwide incidence of osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) has increased in the past few decades. A decline in the number and "fitness" of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in the bone marrow (BM) niche has been suggested as one of the factors contributing to bone abnormalities in OP and OA...
September 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112101/thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-area-morphometry-in-elderly-chinese-men-and-women-radiographic-quantifications-at-baseline-and-changes-at-year-4-follow-up
#10
Jùn-Qīng Wáng, Zoltán Káplár, Min Deng, James F Griffith, Jason C S Leung, Anthony Wl Kwok, Timothy Kwok, Ping Chung Leung, Yì Xiáng J Wáng
STUDY DESIGN: A population-based radiographic study with longitudinal follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To develop a quantitative index for lumbar disc space narrowing (DSN) evaluation in elderly subjects; to determine how DSN in the elderly is influenced by osteoporosis and gender. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is paucity of research on quantitative classification of lumbar DSN based on disc areal morphometry. METHODS: With the database of Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (Hong Kong) and Osteoporotic Fractures in Women (Hong Kong) Studies and those who attended the year-4 follow-up (n = 1519 for men and n = 1546 for women), data of 491 women and 592 men were randomly selected...
November 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110063/the-effect-of-icariin-on-bone-metabolism-and-its-potential-clinical-application
#11
REVIEW
Z Wang, D Wang, D Yang, W Zhen, J Zhang, S Peng
Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by reduced bone mass, which leads to increased risk of bone fractures, and poses a significant risk to public health, especially in the elderly population. The traditional Chinese medicinal herb Epimedii has been utilized for centuries to treat bone fracture and bone loss. Icariin is a prenylated flavonol glycoside isolated from Epimedium herb, and has been shown to be the main bioactive component. This review provides a comprehensive survey of previous studies on icariin, including its structure and function, effect on bone metabolism, and potential for clinical application...
November 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078762/design-of-the-salt-osteoporosis-study-a-randomised-pragmatic-trial-to-study-a-primary-care-screening-and-treatment-program-for-the-prevention-of-fractures-in-women-aged-65%C3%A2-years-or-older
#12
P J M Elders, T Merlijn, K M A Swart, W van Hout, B C van der Zwaard, C Niemeijer, M W Heymans, A A van der Heijden, F Rutters, H E van der Horst, P Lips, J C Netelenbos, N M van Schoor
BACKGROUND: Several drugs have become available for the treatment of osteoporosis. However, screening and treatment of patients with a high fracture risk is currently not recommended in the Netherlands, because the effectiveness of bone sparing drugs has not been demonstrated in the general primary care population. Here we describe the design of the SALT Osteoporosis study, which aims to examine whether the screening and treatment of older, female patients in primary care can reduce fractures, in comparison to usual care...
October 27, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077156/exploration-on-the-relationship-between-the-elderly-osteoporosis-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#13
X-L Lian, Y-P Zhang, X Li, L-D Jing, Z-M Cairang, J-Q Gou
OBJECTIVE: To explore and discuss the correlation between osteoporosis and the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1240 patients, who were hospitalized in our hospital from January 2012 to January 2017, with the age ≥ 65 years old, were selected. All the patients were divided into osteoporosis group and normal bone mass group according to their bone mineral density. The general conditions, biochemical indexes, combined cardiovascular diseases, and the related risk factors, were recorded and analyzed...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077147/melatonin-promotes-osteoblast-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-aged-rats
#14
Z-M Chu, H-B Li, S-X Sun, Y-C Jiang, B Wang, Y-F Dong
OBJECTIVE: The current study was to explore the effect of melatonin on osteoporosis and relevant mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed micro-CT to detect bone microstructure and ELISA to detect the contents of osteocalcin (OCN) and bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) in serum. Double fluorescence labeling of calcein and tetracycline and toluidine blue staining were used to determine morphological indexes of bone tissues. Alizarin red staining and Oil Red O staining were performed to recognize bone cells and adipocytes...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074832/-update-on-recent-progress-in-vitamin-d-research-eldecalcitol-r-and-fall-prevention
#15
Takao Suzuki
In the elderly, vitamin D deficiency results not only in impaired bone mineralization, but also myopathy. Low vitamin D has also been shown to be associated with decline of muscle strength, sarcopenia, functional limitation, and disability. Several recent studies have shown that low serum vitamin D concentration is associated with lower physical function and falls in older adults. In this article, the author reviews a relationship between falls and serum vitamin D concentration of the elderly living in the community, and also introduces the major results from a recent randomized controlled trial on prevention of decline of fall-related balance performance by the treatment with newly developed active vitamin D(Eldecalcitol(R) )among the women with age 65 years old and over and diagnosed as osteoporosis...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074829/-update-on-recent-progress-in-vitamin-d-research-vitamin-d-and-muscle-tissues
#16
Ichiro Kaneko, Ken-Ichi Miyamoto, Takeshi Nikawa
In elderly people, vitamin D insufficiency may increase the risk of fracture, and may also be involved in the development of sarcopenia or cardiovascular decline. Recent studies using vitamin D receptor knockout mice unveiled multiple functions of vitamin D beyond bone and mineral metabolism. This review describes the actions of vitamin D in skeletal, cardiac, and vascular smooth muscle. Eldecalcitol, an active vitamin D analog developed for the treatment of osteoporosis, also effectively improved skeletal muscle function in vivo, and may have synergistic activities in bone and muscle...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068999/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-related-lifestyle-and-metabolic-factors-of-postmenopausal-women-and-elderly-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-gansu-province-northwestern-of-china
#17
Limin Tian, Ruifei Yang, Lianhua Wei, Jing Liu, Yan Yang, Feifei Shao, Wenjuan Ma, Tingting Li, Yu Wang, Tiankang Guo
The aim of this study was to investigate the osteoporosis prevalence and the risks of postmenopausal women and elderly men in Gansu province.This cross-sectional study involved 3359 postmenopausal women and 3205 elderly males who were randomly selected from 7 areas in Gansu province. Areal bone mineral density (BMD) (g/cm) was measured at the distal one-third radius of the nonstressed forearm using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA: Osteometer MediTech). Factors related to osteoporosis were analyzed.The prevalence of osteoporosis in the entire study population was 9...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057346/corpectomy-and-expandable-cage-replacement-versus-third-generation-percutaneous-augmentation-system-in-case-of-vertebra-plana-rationale-and-recommendations
#18
Daniele Vanni, Andrea Pantalone, Vincenzo Magliani, Vincenzo Salini, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of third generation percutaneous vertebral augmentation systems (Spine Jack(®)) as alternative to the corpectomies and expandable cages replacement (X-Core(®) Adjustable VBR System) in the treatment of vertebra plana (VP) as complication of the osteoporosis vertebral fracture (OVF). METHODS: Spine Jack(®) is a new device for mechanical kyphoplasty (MK). It is a titanium implant designed to restore the height of the vertebral body in OVF, primary or secondary bone tumors, or traumatic fractures...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044479/the-strategies-to-reduce-injuries-and-develop-confidence-in-elders-intervention-falls-risk-factor-assessment-and-management-patient-engagement-and-nurse-co-management
#19
David B Reuben, Priscilla Gazarian, Neil Alexander, Katy Araujo, Dorothy Baker, Jonathan F Bean, Chad Boult, Peter Charpentier, Pamela Duncan, Nancy Latham, Rosanne M Leipzig, Lisa M Quintiliani, Thomas Storer, Siobhan McMahon
In response to the epidemic of falls and serious falls-related injuries in older persons, in 2014, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and the National Institute on Aging funded a pragmatic trial, Strategies to Reduce Injuries and Develop confidence in Elders (STRIDE) to compare the effects of a multifactorial intervention with those of an enhanced usual care intervention. The STRIDE multifactorial intervention consists of five major components that registered nurses deliver in the role of falls care managers, co-managing fall risk in partnership with patients and their primary care providers (PCPs)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044037/-review-of-epidemiology-of-fractures-in-the-icelandic-heart-association-cohort
#20
Gunnar Sigurdsson, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Brynjolfur Y Jonsson, Brynjolfur Morgensen, Elías F Gudmundsson, Thor Aspelund, Vilmundur Gudnason
IIn recent years, scientific papers have been published in Osteoporosis International on the epidemiology of fractures in Iceland based on the Icelandic Heart Association cohort. We report the main results with emphasis on the major osteoporotic fractures (MOF), distal forearm, upper arm, clinical vertebral and hip. Those four types of fractures have been reported to cause about 90% of the total burden of all osteoporotic fractures. The incidence of those four fractures in the Icelandic Heart Association cohort have been used as the basis for the international fracture risk calculator "FRAX "in Iceland...
October 2017: Læknablađiđ
keyword
keyword
65243
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"