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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102972/evaluating-the-clinical-copd-questionnaire-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Zijing Zhou, Aiyuan Zhou, Yiyang Zhao, Ping Chen
The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is recommended by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) to evaluate health status in patients with COPD. The objective of this work was to systemically assess the reliability, validity, responsiveness and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the CCQ. A structured search was conducted in three databases to identify articles that evaluated the psychometric properties of the CCQ in individuals with COPD. Two investigators screened the title, abstract and full text of the articles to determine study eligibility and performed the data extraction...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099656/association-between-diabetes-and-tuberculosis-case-control-study
#2
Susan Martins Pereira, Gleide Santos de Araújo, Carlos Antônio de Souza Teles Santos, Maeli Gomes de Oliveira, Maurício Lima Barreto
OBJECTIVE: To test the association between diabetes and tuberculosis. METHODS: It is a case-control study, matched by age and sex. We included 323 new cases of tuberculosis with positive results for bacilloscopy. The controls were 323 respiratory symptomatic patients with negative bacilloscopy, from the same health services, such as: ambulatory cases from three referral hospitals and six basic health units responsible for the notifications of new cases of tuberculosis in Salvador, Bahia...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098262/quantification-of-the-sources-and-composition-of-particulate-matter-by-field-deployable-mass-spectrometry-implications-for-air-quality-and-public-health
#3
Patrick L Hayes
Airborne particulate matter less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) negatively impacts air quality in cities throughout the world where it has been linked to increased cardiac and respiratory morbidity and mortality. For this reason PM2.5 standards have been established by many countries and the World Health Organization. However, these guidelines are regularly exceeded in North America, Europe and East Asia. While PM2.5 is often reported as a single atmospheric species, it is actually a mixture of organic and inorganic compounds...
January 18, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075341/a-non-invasive-multichannel-hybrid-fiber-optic-sensor-system-for-vital-sign-monitoring
#4
Marcel Fajkus, Jan Nedoma, Radek Martinek, Vladimir Vasinek, Homer Nazeran, Petr Siska
In this article, we briefly describe the design, construction, and functional verification of a hybrid multichannel fiber-optic sensor system for basic vital sign monitoring. This sensor uses a novel non-invasive measurement probe based on the fiber Bragg grating (FBG). The probe is composed of two FBGs encapsulated inside a polydimethylsiloxane polymer (PDMS). The PDMS is non-reactive to human skin and resistant to electromagnetic waves, UV absorption, and radiation. We emphasize the construction of the probe to be specifically used for basic vital sign monitoring such as body temperature, respiratory rate and heart rate...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072705/posterior-only-vertebral-column-resection-for-revision-surgery-in-post-laminectomy-rotokyphoscoliosis-associated-with-late-onset-paraplegia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Youping Tao, Jigong Wu, Huasong Ma
RATIONALE: Severe post-laminectomy spinal deformity associated with late-onset paraplegia is a complex and rare disorder. Little is known about revision surgery in post-laminectomy rotokyphoscoliosis associated with late-onset paraplegia treated by the single stage posterior-only vertebral column resection (VCR) procedure. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: The patient was a 14-year-old male diagnosed as post-laminectomy rotokyphoscoliosis associated with late-onset paraplegia...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059982/morbidity-of-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-in-elderly-has-declined-over-time
#6
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Cyrus M Jalai, Brian Neuman, Rafael de la Garza-Ramos, Emily Miller, Amit Jain, Daniel Sciubba, Shearwood McClelland, Louis Day, Subbu Ramachadran, Shaleen Vira, Bassel Diebo, Evan Isaacs, Olivia Bono, Shay Bess, Michael Gerling, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database, the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), years 2003 to 2012. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine trends in the management of scoliosis in elderly (age >75 yrs) patients from 2003 to 2012. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scoliosis incidence rises with increasing age, and age has been shown to be an independent risk factor for surgical complications in scoliosis surgery...
January 4, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050481/giant-haemangioma-excision-under-cervical-epidural-anaesthesia-a-viable-alternative-to-general-anaesthesia
#7
Samit Parua, Dipika Choudhury, Mridu Paban Nath
The cervical epidural anaesthesia is a safe anaesthetic technique with minimal morbidity and early postoperative recovery. Cervical epidural anaesthesia can be effectively used for neck, upper arm and chest surgeries. The technique avoids the adverse effects of general anaesthetics and airway instrumentation, especially in patients with cardio respiratory disorders. We preferred CEA for giant haemangioma neck excision in an adult female patient, having an associated laryngeal haemangioma, 10ml of 0.5% ropivacaine with 50μg Fentanyl (total 11 ml) was administered into the cervical epidural space through a 20G epidural catheter introduced via a 18G Tuohy needle at the level of C7-T1 space...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049168/2017-ers-ats-standards-for-single-breath-carbon-monoxide-uptake-in-the-lung
#8
Brian L Graham, Vito Brusasco, Felip Burgos, Brendan G Cooper, Robert Jensen, Adrian Kendrick, Neil R MacIntyre, Bruce R Thompson, Jack Wanger
This document provides an update to the European Respiratory Society (ERS)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) technical standards for single-breath carbon monoxide uptake in the lung that was last updated in 2005. Although both DLCO (diffusing capacity) and TLCO (transfer factor) are valid terms to describe the uptake of carbon monoxide in the lung, the term DLCO is used in this document. A joint taskforce appointed by the ERS and ATS reviewed the recent literature on the measurement of DLCO and surveyed the current technical capabilities of instrumentation being manufactured around the world...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049167/executive-summary-2017-ers-ats-standards-for-single-breath-carbon-monoxide-uptake%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the-lung
#9
Brian L Graham, Vito Brusasco, Felip Burgos, Brendan G Cooper, Robert Jensen, Adrian Kendrick, Neil R MacIntyre, Bruce R Thompson, Jack Wanger
This document summarises an update to the European Respiratory Society (ERS)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) technical standards for single-breath carbon monoxide uptake in the lung that was last updated in 2005. The full standards are also available online as https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00016-2016 The major changes in these technical standards relate to DLCO measurement with systems using rapidly responding gas analysers for carbon monoxide and the tracer gas, which are now the most common type of DLCO instrumentation being manufactured...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048152/su-g-iep4-06-feasibility-of-external-beam-treatment-field-verification-using-cherenkov-imaging
#10
P Black, Y Na, C Wuu
PURPOSE: Cherenkov light emission has been shown to correlate with ionizing radiation (IR) dose delivery in solid tissue. In order to properly correlate Cherenkov light images with real time dose delivery in a patient, we must account for geometric and intensity distortions arising from observation angle, as well as the effect of monitor units (MU) and field size on Cherenkov light emission. To test the feasibility of treatment field verification, we first focused on Cherenkov light emission efficiency based on MU and known field size (FS)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047735/th-ab-202-07-radar-tracking-of-respiratory-motion-in-real-time
#11
A Fung, C Li, C Torres
PURPOSE: To propose a method of real time tracking of respiratory motion in patients undergoing radiation therapy. Radar technology can be employed to detection the movement of diaphragm and thoracic anatomy. METHODS: A radar transceiver was specially designed. During experiment, the radar device was securely attached to a fixed frame. Respiratory motion was simulated with: 1) Varian RPM phantom, 2) Standard Imaging Respiratory Gating Platform. Signals recorded with radar equipment were compared with those measured with Varian RPM system as a reference...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046188/comparative-effectiveness-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-treatment-vs-no-treatment-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#12
Jonathan L Slaughter, Patricia B Reagan, Thomas B Newman, Mark A Klebanoff
Importance: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with increased mortality and worsened respiratory outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), in preterm infants. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are efficacious in closing PDA, but the effectiveness of NSAID-mediated PDA closure in improving mortality and preventing BPD is unclear. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NSAID treatment for PDA in reducing mortality and moderate/severe BPD at 36 weeks postmenstrual age...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038697/correction-of-spinal-deformity-on-a-lung-transplantation-recipient
#13
José Vicente Andrés Peiró, Joan Bagó Granell, Montserrat Feliu Moret, Antonio Moreno Galdó
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of lung disease and scoliosis entails a dramatic situation. There are no papers reporting scoliosis surgery in patients who suffered lung transplantation. PURPOSE: To describe the case of a patient who underwent surgery to correct progressive spinal deformity after two consecutive lung transplants. STUDY DESIGN: Case report, including review of patient records, imaging and pulmonary function tests, and literature review...
January 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029165/efficiency-of-endothelial-dysfunctioncorrection-in-children-residents-of-radioactively-contaminated-areas-using-the-method-of-intermittent-normobaric-hypoxi-therapy
#14
Ye I Stepanova, V Ya Berezovsky, I Ye Kolpakov, V H Kondrashova, V Yu Vdovenko, O M Lytvynets, L M Lisukha, V M Zyhalo, V I Kolos, L P Mishchenko
: Objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of intermittent normobaric hypoxi therapy as the means that can posi tively influence on the different links in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction in children residents of radioactively contaminated areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Disorders of personal and emotional sphere, symptoms of asthenic vegetative and neurot ic character, the signs of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, abdominal and dyspeptic syndromes are attrib uted to the clinical signs of endothelial dysfunction...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019103/translation-and-validation-of-the-king-s-brief-interstitial-lung-disease-k-bild-questionnaire-in-french-italian-swedish-and-dutch
#15
Monique Wapenaar, Amit S Patel, Surinder S Birring, Ron T van Domburg, Eric Wp Bakker, Virginia Vindigni, C Magnus Sköld, Vincent Cottin, Carlo Vancheri, Marlies S Wijsenbeek
No disease-specific instruments exist in Dutch, French, Italian, and Swedish to measure health status in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). The King's Brief Interstitial Lung Disease (K-BILD) is a 15-item validated questionnaire assessing health status in patients with ILD. The aim of this study was to translate and validate the K-BILD to French, Italian, Swedish, and Dutch versions. The K-BILD was translated following a forward-backward multistep procedure and tested in structured patient interviews...
January 1, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019044/severity-of-nasal-inflammatory-disease-questionnaire-for-canine-idiopathic-rhinitis-control-instrument-development-and-initial-validity-evidence
#16
L M Greene, K D Royal, J M Bradley, B D X Lascelles, L R Johnson, E C Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Effective treatments are needed for idiopathic chronic rhinitis in dogs, but assessment of efficacy requires a practical, quantifiable method for assessing severity of disease. OBJECTIVES: To develop and perform initial validity and reliability testing of an owner-completed questionnaire for assessing clinical signs and dog and owner quality of life (QOL) in canine chronic rhinitis. ANIMALS: Twenty-two dogs with histopathologically confirmed chronic rhinitis and 72 healthy dogs...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009317/-evaluation-of-the-realtionship-of-different-pathogenic-factors-and-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-diabetes
#17
Z Kurbanova, A Bahshaliyev, R Bayramov, J Ismailzada
Definition of the most important factors and their combination, causing the disturbances of heart rhythm in patients with the pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes, now attracts more and more attention. For this purpose, extensively used the capabilities of multifactorial analysis, which allowed to evaluate the distribution of the pathological factors and their interaction with each other. The objects of the study were complex examination the data of 90 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes-27, non-insulin- dependent diabetes-63)...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008218/objective-assessment-of-a-preterm-infant-s-nutritive-sucking-from-initiation-of-feeding-through-hospitalization-and-discharge
#18
Gilson J Capilouto, Tommy J Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that an infant's ability to feed independently be considered a primary consideration for discharge home. To date, NICU healthcare teams have relied on clinical experience as well as descriptive scales to determine a high risk infant's ability to transition safely from tube feeding to oral feeding. The aim of the current case study was to illustrate the clinical utility of nfant(®) Feeding Solution as a noninvasive and objective instrument for determining a neonate's readiness to begin and advance oral feeding...
2016: Neonatal Intensive Care: the Journal of Perinatology-neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999151/endotracheal-intubation-training-and-skill-maintenance-for-respiratory-therapists
#19
Andrew G Miller
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation is commonly performed outside the operating room (OR). Although respiratory therapists (RTs) performing endotracheal intubation is a well-established practice, the optimum way for RTs to be trained and maintain their skills is unspecified. The purpose of this study was to describe training methods and skills maintenance methods and to identify barriers that prevent RTs from intubating in some institutions. METHODS: A survey instrument was developed by the author...
December 20, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996109/reliability-and-validity-of-a-simplified-comprehensive-assessment-tool-for-feeding-support-kuchi-kara-taberu-index
#20
Keisuke Maeda, Hiroshi Shamoto, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Junko Enomoto, Mika Takeichi, Tamami Koyama
OBJECTIVES: To verify the reliability and validity and develop an English version of an instrument (Kuchi-Kara Taberu Index (KT Index)) to comprehensively assess and intervene in problems with eating and swallowing. DESIGN: Multicenter cross-sectional study. SETTING: Nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (mean age 88.3 ± 6.8; 80.0% female) who had lived in a nursing home for longer than 1 month (N = 115)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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