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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197817/gross-motor-development-in-children-aged-3-5-years-united-states-2012
#1
Brian K Kit, Lara J Akinbami, Neda Sarafrazi Isfahani, Dale A Ulrich
Objective Gross motor development in early childhood is important in fostering greater interaction with the environment. The purpose of this study is to describe gross motor skills among US children aged 3-5 years using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2). Methods We used 2012 NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey (NNYFS) data, which included TGMD-2 scores obtained according to an established protocol. Outcome measures included locomotor and object control raw and age-standardized scores. Means and standard errors were calculated for demographic and weight status with SUDAAN using sample weights to calculate nationally representative estimates, and survey design variables to account for the complex sampling methods...
February 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191550/mapping-lifetime-brain-volumetry-with-covariate-adjusted-restricted-cubic-spline-regression-from-cross-sectional-multi-site-mri
#2
Yuankai Huo, Katherine Aboud, Hakmook Kang, Laurie E Cutting, Bennett A Landman
Understanding brain volumetry is essential to understand neurodevelopment and disease. Historically, age-related changes have been studied in detail for specific age ranges (e.g., early childhood, teen, young adults, elderly, etc.) or more sparsely sampled for wider considerations of lifetime aging. Recent advancements in data sharing and robust processing have made available considerable quantities of brain images from normal, healthy volunteers. However, existing analysis approaches have had difficulty addressing (1) complex volumetric developments on the large cohort across the life time (e...
October 2016: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117135/sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#3
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
January 20, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069028/robot-aided-developmental-assessment-of-wrist-proprioception-in-children
#4
Francesca Marini, Valentina Squeri, Pietro Morasso, Claudio Campus, Jürgen Konczak, Lorenzo Masia
BACKGROUND: Several neurodevelopmental disorders and brain injuries in children have been associated with proprioceptive dysfunction that will negatively affect their movement. Unfortunately, there is lack of reliable and objective clinical examination protocols and our current knowledge of how proprioception evolves in typically developing children is still sparse. METHODS: Using a robotic exoskeleton, we investigated proprioceptive acuity of the wrist in a group of 49 typically developing healthy children (8-15 years), and a group of 40 young adults...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943057/effects-of-urinary-incontinence-on-psychosocial-outcomes-in-adolescence
#5
Mariusz T Grzeda, Jon Heron, Alexander von Gontard, Carol Joinson
To examine whether daytime wetting and bedwetting urinary incontinence (UI) in childhood and adolescence are associated with psychosocial problems in adolescence. We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to examine the association between trajectories of UI from 4 to 9 years and self-reported psychosocial problems in adolescence (13-14 years) including depressive symptoms, peer victimisation, poor self-image and school experiences (negative perception of school and teachers, problems with peer relationships)...
December 10, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890796/temporal-profiles-of-plasma-proteome-during-childhood-development
#6
Chih-Wei Liu, Lisa Bramer, Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson, Kathleen Waugh, Marian J Rewers, Qibin Zhang
Human blood plasma proteome reflects physiological changes associated with a child's development as well as development of disease states. While age-specific normative values are available for proteins routinely measured in clinical practice, there is paucity of comprehensive longitudinal data regarding changes in human plasma proteome during childhood. We applied TMT-10plex isobaric labeling-based quantitative proteomics to longitudinally profile the plasma proteome in 10 healthy children during their development, each with 9 serial time points from 9months to 15years of age...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881529/co-occurrence-and-clustering-of-health-conditions-at-age-11-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-millennium-cohort-study
#7
Kathryn R Hesketh, James Fagg, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Helen Bedford, Catherine Law, Steven Hope
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of co-occurrence and clustering of 6 common adverse health conditions in 11-year-old children and explore differences by sociodemographic factors. DESIGN: Nationally representative prospective cohort study. SETTING: Children born in the UK between 2000 and 2002. PARTICIPANTS: 11 399 11-year-old singleton children for whom data on all 6 health conditions and sociodemographic information were available (complete cases)...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860222/late-outcomes-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-report-from-the-st-jude-lifetime-cohort-study
#8
Matthew J Ehrhardt, John T Sandlund, Nan Zhang, Wei Liu, Kirsten K Ness, Nickhill Bhakta, Wassim Chemaitilly, Kevin R Krull, Tara M Brinkman, Deborah B Crom, Larry Kun, Sue C Kaste, Gregory T Armstrong, Daniel M Green, Kumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Daniel A Mulrooney
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are at increased risk for chronic health conditions. The objective of this study was to characterize health conditions, neurocognitive function, and physical performance among a clinically evaluated cohort of 200 childhood NHL survivors. METHOD: Chronic health and neurocognitive conditions were graded as per a modified version of the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) and impaired physical function defined as performance < 10th percentile of normative data...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806862/functional-adult-outcomes-16-years-after-childhood-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mta-results
#9
Lily Hechtman, James M Swanson, Margaret H Sibley, Annamarie Stehli, Elizabeth B Owens, John T Mitchell, L Eugene Arnold, Brooke S G Molina, Stephen P Hinshaw, Peter S Jensen, Howard B Abikoff, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Andrea L Howard, Betsy Hoza, Joy Etcovitch, Sylviane Houssais, Kimberley D Lakes, J Quyen Nichols
OBJECTIVE: To compare educational, occupational, legal, emotional, substance use disorder, and sexual behavior outcomes in young adults with persistent and desistent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and a local normative comparison group (LNCG) in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA). METHOD: Data were collected 12, 14, and 16 years postbaseline (mean age 24.7 years at 16 years postbaseline) from 476 participants with ADHD diagnosed at age 7 to 9 years, and 241 age- and sex-matched classmates...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776549/increasing-understanding-of-the-relationship-between-geographic-access-and-gendered-decision-making-power-for-treatment-seeking-for-febrile-children-in-the-chikwawa-district-of-malawi
#10
Victoria L Ewing, Rachel Tolhurst, Andrew Kapinda, Esther Richards, Dianne J Terlouw, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: This study used qualitative methods to investigate the relationship between geographic access and gendered intra-household hierarchies and how these influence treatment-seeking decision-making for childhood fever within the Chikwawa district of Malawi. Previous cross-sectional survey findings in the district indicated that distance from facility and associated costs are important determinants of health facility attendance in the district. This paper uses qualitative data to add depth of understanding to these findings by exploring the relationship between distance from services, anticipated costs and cultural norms of intra-household decision-making, and to identify potential intervention opportunities to reduce challenges experienced by those in remote locations...
October 24, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759870/grip-strength-reference-values-for-canadians-aged-6-to-79-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-to-2013
#11
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Grip strength is a measure of overall muscular strength and has been associated with disability, morbidity and mortality. Normative data are used to interpret an individual's grip strength measurements, but Canadian reference values are not available for a wide age range. DATA AND METHODS: The data pertain to 11,108 respondents aged 6 to 79 to the 2007-to-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, whose right-hand and left-hand grip strength were measured with a handgrip dynamometer...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751192/cognitive-dysfunction-in-adult-chd-with-different-structural-complexity
#12
Manavi Tyagi, Theodora Fteropoulli, Catherine S Hurt, Shashivadan P Hirani, Lorna Rixon, Anna Davies, Nathalie Picaut, Fiona Kennedy, John Deanfield, Shay Cullen, Stanton P Newman
OBJECTIVE: We carried out a cross-sectional study to assess cognitive function in a sample of adult CHD patients, within the Functioning in Adult Congenital Heart Disease study London. The association between cognitive functioning and disease complexity was examined. METHODS: A total of 310 patients participated in this study. Patients were classified into four structural complexity groups - tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, single ventricle, and simple conditions...
October 18, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733542/asynchronous-development-of-cerebellar-cerebello-cortical-and-cortico-cortical-functional-networks-in-infancy-childhood-and-adulthood
#13
Judy A Kipping, Ta Ahn Tuan, Marielle V Fortier, Anqi Qiu
Evidence from clinical studies shows that early cerebellar injury can cause abnormal development of the cerebral cortex in children. Characterization of normative development of the cerebellar and cerebello-cortical organization in early life is of great clinical importance. Here, we analyzed cerebellar, cerebello-cortical, and cortico-cortical functional networks using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data of healthy infants (6 months, n = 21), children (4-10 years, n = 68), and adults (23-38 years, n = 25)...
October 12, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707700/cognitive-linguistic-and-motor-abilities-in-a-multigenerational-family-with-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#14
Bronwyn Carrigg, Louise Parry, Elise Baker, Lawrence D Shriberg, Kirrie J Ballard
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the phenotype in a large family with a strong, multigenerational history of severe speech sound disorder (SSD) persisting into adolescence and adulthood in approximately half the cases. Aims were to determine whether a core phenotype, broader than speech, separated persistent from resolved SSD cases; and to ascertain the uniqueness of the phenotype relative to published cases. METHOD: Eleven members of the PM family (9-55 years) were assessed across cognitive, language, literacy, speech, phonological processing, numeracy, and motor domains...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705002/temperament-distinguishes-persistent-recurrent-from-remitting-anxiety-disorders-across-early-childhood
#15
Sara J Bufferd, Lea R Dougherty, Thomas M Olino, Margaret W Dyson, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
Up to 20% of preschool-age children meet criteria for anxiety disorders and, for a large subset, anxiety appears to persist throughout early childhood. However, little is known about which factors predict persistence/recurrence of anxiety in young children. Temperament, including behavioral inhibition (BI), negative emotionality (NE), and positive emotionality (PE), predict the onset of anxiety disorders, but to our knowledge no study has examined whether temperament predicts the course of anxiety in young children...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650247/neurocognitive-and-executive-functioning-in-adult-survivors-of-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Leda Klouda, Wayne J Franklin, Anita Saraf, Dhaval R Parekh, David D Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) can affect the developing central nervous system, resulting in neurocognitive and behavioral deficits. Preoperative neurological abnormalities as well as sequelae of the open heart operations required to correct structural abnormalities of the heart contribute to these deficits. There are few studies examining the neurocognitive functioning of adults with CHD. This study sought to investigate multiple domains of neurocognitive functioning in adult survivors of CHD who had childhood cardiac surgery with either moderate or severe disease complexity...
September 21, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621702/development-of-proprioceptive-acuity-in-typically-developing-children-normative-data-on-forearm-position-sense
#17
Jessica M Holst-Wolf, I-Ling Yeh, Jürgen Konczak
This study mapped the development of proprioception in healthy, typically developing children by objectively measuring forearm position sense acuity. We assessed position sense acuity in a cross-sectional sample of 308 children (5-17 years old; M/F = 127/181) and a reference group of 26 healthy adults (18-25 years old; M/F = 12/14) using a body-scalable bimanual manipulandum that allowed forearm flexion/extension in the horizontal plane. The non-dominant forearm was passively displaced to one of three target positions...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562000/towards-a-comprehensive-test-specification-for-normative-adolescent-fears-a-conservation-of-resources-perspective
#18
Steven J Collings, Nirmala D Gopal
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the extent to which the primary tenets of Conservation of Resources theory provide an adequate basis for categorising and conceptualising normative adolescent fears. METHOD: Initial descriptive research, using data obtained from a sample of South African adolescents (n = 163), used systematic emergent content analysis to develop a test specification (i.e., content domains and manifestations of content domains) relevant to measures of normative adolescent fears, with subsequent a priori content analyses being used to explore the content validity of the test specification with respect to the item-content of selected normative childhood and adolescent fear schedules...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486483/a-quantitative-measure-of-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-for-early-childhood
#19
Jason J Wolff, Brian A Boyd, Jed T Elison
BACKGROUND: Restricted and repetitive behaviors are characteristic phenotypic features of many neurodevelopmental, psychiatric, and neurological conditions. During early childhood, such behaviors are considered normative. More research is needed to delineate the dimensions of restricted and repetitive behavior across typical and atypical development during this period. METHODS: We developed the 34-item parent-rated Repetitive Behavior Scale for Early Childhood (RBS-EC) to capture quantitative, dimensional features across a broad range of behaviors contributing to this domain...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463220/a-meta-analysis-of-the-neuropsychological-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-cancer
#20
Cory Pierson, Erin Waite, Ben Pyykkonen
BACKGROUND: Long-term neuropsychological deficits associated with pediatric cancers and the related treatments have been consistently reported. Whole brain cranial radiation therapy (CRT) is associated with neurocognitive impairment. As a result, physicians are reticent to use CRT in favor of systemic or intrathecal chemotherapy, which have a less clear impact on cognition. PROCEDURE: The current meta-analysis examined post-treatment neuropsychological performance of children diagnosed with cancer and treated with chemotherapy to better understand the impact of chemotherapy upon cognition...
November 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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