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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672187/early-life-medicaid-coverage-and-intergenerational-economic-mobility
#1
Rourke L O'Brien, Cassandra L Robertson
New data reveal significant variation in economic mobility outcomes across U.S. localities. This suggests that social structures, institutions, and public policies-particularly those that influence critical early-life environments-play an important role in shaping mobility processes. Using new county-level estimates of intergenerational economic mobility for children born between 1980 and 1986, we exploit the uneven expansions of Medicaid eligibility across states to isolate the causal effect of this specific policy change on mobility outcomes...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650310/electronic-health-record-with-computerized-decision-support-tools-for-the-purposes-of-a-pediatric-cardiovascular-heart-disease-screening-program-in-crete
#2
Ilias Chatzakis, Kostas Vassilakis, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Germanakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular (CV) disease or associated risk factors during childhood is of paramount importance, allowing for early treatment or lifestyle modifications, respectively. The objective of this study was to describe the development of an electronic health record (EHR), with integrated computerized decision support system (CDSS), specifically designed for supporting the needs of a pilot pediatric CV disease screening program applied on primary school students of a Mediterranean island...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572778/the-intersection-of-emotional-and-sociocognitive-competencies-with-civic-engagement-in-middle-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
Aaron Metzger, Lauren M Alvis, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Elizabeth Babskie, Amy Syvertsen, Laura Wray-Lake
Civic developmental theory anticipates connections between normative developmental competencies and civic engagement, but little previous research has directly studied such links. The current study sought to contribute to civic development theory by examining associations between emotional and sociocognitive competencies (empathy, emotion regulation, prosocial moral reasoning, future-orientation) and civic engagement (volunteering, informal helping, political behaviors and beliefs, environmental behaviors, social responsibility values, civic skills)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563884/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-young-athletes-using-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#4
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525535/long-term-urinary-symptoms-in-adolescent-and-adult-women-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#5
M Bogdanska, A Morris, J M Hutson, Y Heloury, S R Grover
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive condition resulting in excess androgen production. Females are typically born with ambiguous genitalia and often undergo feminising genitoplasty in infancy or childhood. Recently, there has been considerable international debate as to whether distressing urinary symptoms in CAH patients are truly present and, if so, whether these urinary problems are a consequence of the feminising genitoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess any urinary symptoms in an Australian cohort of adolescent and adult women with CAH who have undergone feminising genitoplasty in infancy, childhood or adolescence as a part of their management...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502173/non-linear-growth-trends-of-toe-flexor-muscle-strength-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Noriteru Morita, Junichiro Yamauchi, Ryosuke Fukuoka, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Mitsuo Otsuka, Tomoyasu Okuda, Noriyuki Shide, Isao Kambayashi, Hisashi Shinkaiya
PURPOSE: There are only a few studies on the muscular strength of the foot in children and adolescents; thus, the developmental pattern and normative data of these populations during growth are unclear. We sought to elucidate the developmental pattern of the foot muscle strength among children, adolescents, and young adults compared with that of the hand. METHODS: A total of 747 children, adolescents, and young adults participated in this study, and their maximum isometric toe flexor strength (TFS), hand grip strength (HGS), and foot length were measured...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498607/normative-human-brain-volume-growth
#7
Mallory Peterson, Benjamin C Warf, Steven J Schiff
OBJECTIVE While there is a long history of interest in measuring brain growth, as of yet there is no definitive model for normative human brain volume growth. The goal of this study was to analyze a variety of candidate models for such growth and select the model that provides the most statistically applicable fit. The authors sought to optimize clinically applicable growth charts that would facilitate improved treatment and predictive management for conditions such as hydrocephalus. METHODS The Weibull, two-term power law, West ontogenic, and Gompertz models were chosen as potential models...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417695/visual-perceptual-skills-and-visual-motor-integration-in-children-and-adolescents-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Kristina Teär Fahnehjelm, Alba Lucia Törnquist, Monica Olsson, Jacek Winiarski, Ulla Ek
The aim of the study was to study visual acuity, visual perceptual, and VMI skills in patients after HSCT in childhood. Tests of visual perceptual skills, VMI, and visual acuity were performed in 102 children/adolescents (age range 4.3-20.9 years). Mean time from HSCT to testing was 6.0 years (0.9-17.5 years). Visual acuity was median 1.0 decimal (range 0.16-1.6). Visual perceptual skills (memory, form constancy, visual sequential memory) and VMI were low compared to age-equivalent normative data with, respectively, 36%, 45%, 60%, and 46% of all patients performing below the 25 percentile...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370963/comparisons-of-visual-attention-in-school-age-children-with-cochlear-implants-versus-hearing-peers-and-normative-data
#9
Michael Hoffman, Elena Tiddens, Alexandra L Quittner
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has found that preschoolers with hearing loss have worse visual attention and elevated rates of behavior problems when compared to typically hearing peers (Barker et al., 2009). However, little is known about these deficits in school-age children with cochlear implants (CIs). We evaluated visual selective attention in school-age children with CIs and hearing peers and examined the link between visual attention and behavior problems. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Childhood Development after Cochlear Implantation (CDaCI) study, the largest longitudinal, multi-site study of children with CIs...
March 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327796/speech-characteristics-in-the-congenital-and-childhood-onset-forms-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#10
Lotta Sjögreen, Åsa Mårtensson, Anne-Berit Ekström
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a slowly progressive multi-systemic disease with an autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by a mutation on chromosome 19 (19q13.3). AIMS: To explore speech characteristics in a group of individuals with the congenital and childhood-onset forms of DM1 in terms of intelligibility, speech-sound production, nasality and compensatory articulation. A further aim was to analyse whether speech characteristics were correlated to subforms of DM1 and if speech outcome could be related to muscle strength...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297597/validation-of-a-novel-scoring-system-for-changes-in-skeletal-manifestations-of-hypophosphatasia-in-newborns-infants-and-children-the-radiographic-global-impression-of-change-scale
#11
Michael P Whyte, Kenji P Fujita, Scott Moseley, David D Thompson, William H McAlister
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is the heritable metabolic disease characterized by impaired skeletal mineralization due to low activity of the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase. Although HPP during growth often manifests with distinctive radiographic skeletal features, no validated method was available to quantify them, including changes over time. We created the Radiographic Global Impression of Change (RGI-C) scale to assess changes in the skeletal burden of pediatric HPP. Site-specific pairs of radiographs of newborns, infants, and children with HPP from three clinical studies of asfotase alfa, an enzyme replacement therapy for HPP, were obtained at baseline and during treatment...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296871/quality-of-life-of-hurler-syndrome-patients-after-successful-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Mieke Aldenhoven, Brigitte T A van den Broek, Robert F Wynn, Anne O'Meara, Paul Veys, Attilio Rovelli, Simon A Jones, Rossella Parini, Peter M van Hasselt, Marleen Renard, Victoria Bordon, Tom J de Koning, Jaap Jan Boelens
Hurler syndrome (HS) is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by multisystem morbidity and death in early childhood. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) results in long-term survival, although with significant residual disease burden. How this residual disease affects the health-related quality of life is unknown. Therefore, we conducted a multicenter cohort study on functional and psychosocial health and compared the outcomes to normative data using the Child Health Questionnaire and Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument...
November 14, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280917/long-term-variability-of-distortion-product-otoacoustic-emissions-in-infants-and-children-and-its-relation-to-pediatric-ototoxicity-monitoring
#13
Dawn Konrad-Martin, Kristin Knight, Garnett P McMillan, Laura E Dreisbach, Elsa Nelson, Marilyn Dille
OBJECTIVE: Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) provide a rapid, noninvasive measure of outer hair cell damage associated with chemotherapy and are a key component of pediatric ototoxicity monitoring. Serial monitoring of DPOAE levels in reference to baseline measures is one method for detecting ototoxic damage. Interpreting DPOAE findings in this context requires that test-retest differences be considered in relation to normal variability, data which are lacking in children...
December 26, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105091/links-between-contexts-and-middle-to-late-childhood-social-emotional-development
#14
Jeffrey Duong, Catherine P Bradshaw
Guided by the social-emotional learning (SEL) framework, we studied developmental trajectory patterns of five key competency outcomes spanning middle through late childhood: altruism, empathy, self-efficacy, aggression, and hyperactivity. We then assessed their links to middle childhood home, parental, and community contexts. Data from the Institute of Education Sciences' Social and Character Development Program, which comprised nearly 2,400 elementary school students who were followed from Grades 3 through 5, were analyzed using growth mixture modeling...
December 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105061/annual-research-review-not-just-a-small-adult-brain-understanding-later-neurodevelopment-through-imaging-the-neonatal-brain
#15
REVIEW
Dafnis Batalle, A David Edwards, Jonathan O'Muircheartaigh
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent proliferation in neuroimaging research focusing on brain development in the prenatal, neonatal and very early childhood brain. Early brain injury and preterm birth are associated with increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders, indicating the importance of this early period for later outcome. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY: Although using a wide range of different methodologies and investigating diverse samples, the common aim of many of these studies has been to both track normative development and investigate deviations in this development to predict behavioural, cognitive and neurological function in childhood...
April 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071103/definition-of-new-cut-offs-of-bmi-and-waist-circumference-based-on-body-composition-and-insulin-resistance-differences-between-children-adolescents-and-adults
#16
M Hübers, M Pourhassan, W Braun, C Geisler, M J Müller
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine associations between anthropometric traits, regional fat depots and insulin resistance in children, adolescents and adults to define new cut-offs of body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were assessed in 433 children, adolescents and adults (aged: 6-60 years, BMI: 23.6 [21.0-27.7] kg m-2 ). Total adipose tissue (TAT), regional subcutaneous adipose tissue (SATtotal , SATtrunk ) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were determined by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging, fat mass by air-displacement plethysmography...
September 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057169/the-co-development-of-relational-aggression-and-disruptive-behavior-symptoms-from-late-childhood-through-adolescence
#17
Alazne Aizpitarte, Olivia E Atherton, Richard W Robins
Researchers have debated whether relational aggression is a developmentally-normative behavior or a sign of some underlying psychopathology. However, due to the dearth of longitudinal studies, we know little about how relational aggression and more severe forms of disruptive behavior co-develop. The present study examined bidirectional associations between relational aggression and two psychiatric disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD), using data from a longitudinal study of 674 Mexican-origin youth followed from age 10 to 16...
September 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021237/recommendations-for-collaborative-paediatric-research-including-biobanking-in-europe-a-single-hub-and-access-point-for-paediatric-rheumatology-in-europe-share-initiative
#18
Jasmin B Kuemmerle-Deschner, Sandra Hansmann, Nico M Wulffraat, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Kristien Hens, Jordi Anton, Tadej Avcin, Alberto Martini, Isabelle Koné-Paut, Yosef Uziel, Angelo Ravelli, Carine Wouters, David Shaw, Seza Özen, Andreas Eikelberg, Berent J Prakken, Nicolino Ruperto, Gerd Horneff, Tamas Constantin, Michael W Beresford, Marijn Sikken, Helen E Foster, Iris Haug, Sabrina Schuller, Christine Jägle, Susanne M Benseler
Innovative research in childhood rheumatic diseases mandates international collaborations. However, researchers struggle with significant regulatory heterogeneity; an enabling European Union (EU)-wide framework is missing. The aims of the study were to systematically review the evidence for best practice and to establish recommendations for collaborative research. The Paediatric Rheumatology European Single Hub and Access point for paediatric Rheumatology in Europe (SHARE) project enabled a scoping review and expert discussion, which then informed the systematic literature review...
October 11, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981187/defining-healthy-in-preschool-aged-children-for-forced-oscillation-technique-reference-equations
#19
Claire Shackleton, Dorottya Czovek, Keith Grimwood, Robert S Ware, Bence Radics, Zoltan Hantos, Peter D Sly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Selecting 'healthy' preschool-aged children for reference ranges may not be straightforward. Relaxing inclusion criteria for normative data does not affect spirometry z-scores. We therefore investigated the effect of similarly relaxing inclusion criteria in preschoolers on reference ranges for respiratory impedance (Zrs) using a modified forced oscillation technique (FOT). METHODS: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire classified 585 children into a healthy and five mutually exclusive groups...
October 5, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#20
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
January 15, 2018: Cancer
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