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salvia miltiorrhiza

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647481/new-depsides-from-the-roots-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-and-their-radical-scavenging-capacity-and-protective-effects-against-h2o2-induced-h9c2-cells
#1
Jianqing Zhang, Qinghao Jin, Yanping Deng, Jinjun Hou, Wanying Wu, Dean Guo
Phytochemical investigation of the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza led to isolations of two new depsides (1-2), along with thirteen known compounds (3-15). Their structures and relative stereochemistry were elucidated by NMR spectral ((1)H and (13)C NMR, HSQC, HMBC), CD and HR-ESIMS data analyses. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by comparison of the experimental and calculated ECD spectra. All the depsides (1-10) were found to exhibit stronger free radical scavenging capacity (ranging from 2.62 to 22...
June 21, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645780/salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-danshen-extract-attenuates-permanent-cerebral-ischemia-through-inhibiting-platelet-activation-in-rats
#2
Yu-Xiang Fei, Si-Qi Wang, Li-Jian Yang, Yan-Ying Qiu, Yi-Ze Li, Wen-Yuan Liu, Tao Xi, Wei-Rong Fang, Yun-Man Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danshen is a crude herbal drug isolated from dried roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. This plant is widely used in oriental medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The supercritical CO2 extract from Danshen (SCED) (57.85%, 5.67% and 4.55% for tanshinone IIA, tanshinone I and cryptotanshinone respectively) was studied in this article, whose potential molecular mechanism remains unclear, especially in anti-thrombosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to observe the protective effect of SCED on ischemic stroke in rats and to explore the underlying anti-thrombosis mechanism...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629174/using-coexpression-protein-interaction-network-analysis-to-identify-mechanisms-of-danshensu-affecting-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#3
Mengqi Huo, Zhixin Wang, Dongxue Wu, Yanling Zhang, Yanjiang Qiao
Salvia miltiorrhiza, known as Danshen, has attracted worldwide interest for its substantial effects on coronary heart disease (CHD). Danshensu (DSS) is one of the main active ingredients of Danshen on CHD. Although it has been proven to have a good clinical effect on CHD, the action mechanisms remain elusive. In the current study, a coexpression network-based approach was used to illustrate the beneficial properties of DSS in the context of CHD. By integrating the gene expression profile data and protein-protein interactions (PPIs) data, two coexpression protein interaction networks (CePIN) in a CHD state (CHD CePIN) and a non-CHD state (non-CHD CePIN) were generated...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614921/-the-study-of-using-cordyceps-astragalus-salvia-miltiorrhiza-to-treat-acute-lung-injury-induced-by-paraquat-poisoning-in-rats
#4
Q L Li, J L Liu, J R Wang, X D Jian, B T Kan, Z C Zhang
Objective: To study the therapy of cordyceps-astragalus-salvia miltiorrhiza in treating acute lung injury and pulmonary interstitial fibrosis induced by paraquat poisoning. Methods: All 120 adult Wister male rats were randomly assigned to three groups, the paraquat poisoning group (rats were intragastric administration paraquat 50 mg/kg body weight once at the beginning) , the cordyceps-astragalus-salvia miltiorrhiza therapy group (rats were given cordyceps-astragalus-salvia miltiorrhiza 90 mg/kg body weight intragastric administration half an hour after paraquat was given, then the same dose was given once a day) ; control group (rats were intragastric administration with physiological saline) ...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608342/argonaute-genes-in-salvia-miltiorrhiza-identification-characterization-and-genetic-transformation
#5
Meizhen Wang, Yuxing Deng, Fenjuan Shao, Miaomiao Liu, Yongqi Pang, Caili Li, Shanfa Lu
Small RNA-mediated gene silencing is a vital regulatory mechanism in eukaryotes that requires ARGONAUTE (AGO) proteins. Salvia miltiorrhiza is a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal plant. Therefore, it is important to characterize S. miltiorrhiza AGO family genes as they may be involved in multiple metabolic pathways. This chapter introduces the detailed protocol for SmAGO gene prediction and molecular cloning. In addition, an Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation method for S. miltiorrhiza is presented...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603997/inhibition-of-human-ugt1a1-mediated-bilirubin-glucuronidation-by-polyphenolic-acids-impact-safety-of-popular-salvianolic-acid-a-b-containing-drugs-and-herbal-products
#6
Guo Ma, Ying Zhang, Wenyan Chen, Zhifang Tang, Xiaoming Xin, Ping Yang, Xiaoqin Liu, Weimin Cai, Ming Hu
Bilirubin-related adverse reactions (ADR, e.g., jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia) induced by herbs rich in certain polyphenolic acids are widely reported. However, the causes and the mechanisms underlying these ADR are not well understood. The purpose of this article is to determine the mechanism by which certain polyphenolic acids inhibit UGT1A1-mediated bilirubin glucuronidation, leading to jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia. We investigated in vitro inhibitory effects on bilirubin glucuronidation of salvianolic acid A (SAA), salvianolic acid B (SAB), danshensu (DSS), protocatechuic aldehyde (PA), and rosmarinic acid (RA), as well as two Salvia miltiorrhiza injections (DSI and CDI) rich in polyphenolic acids...
June 22, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600121/cryptotanshinone-induces-ros-dependent-autophagy-in-multidrug-resistant-colon-cancer-cells
#7
Zhenyu Xu, Hui Jiang, Yanhong Zhu, Huifang Wang, Jia Jiang, Lu Chen, Wenke Xu, Tao Hu, Chi Hin Cho
The development of novel chemotherapeutic agents is highly desired for colon cancer treatment, in particular for the multidrug-resistant cancer types. Cryptotanshinone (CTS), an active quinoid diterpene isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, was previously reported to induce autophagy in various colon cancer cell lines. However, its mechanisms of action have not been fully understood. The current study aims to explore the mechanisms by which CTS induces autophagy in a multidrug-resistant human colon cancer cell line SW620 Ad300...
June 8, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584560/corrigendum-to-anticancer-effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-alcohol-extract-on-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells
#8
Wen-Hung Wang, Yu-Hsuan Kuo, Ling-Ya Chu, Chia-Ying Lee, Yu-Chang Tyan, Zong-Shiow Chen, Wan-Chi Tsai
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/5364010.].
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573227/effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhizae-on-the-kidney-of-rats-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis-and-obstrutive-jaundice
#9
Ren Guibing, Zhang Xiping, Ding Xiaowen, Zou Dehong, Yang Hongjiang, Meng Xiaoru, Mo Wenju, He Xiangming, Zhao Shuai
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and obstructive jaundice (OJ) are frequent recurring diseases that bring about huge threat to human health. Some reports have demonstrated that Salviae miltiorrhizae can protect multiple organs of SAP and OJ model animals or patients, but their related mechanisms were not clear. In this study, we observed the effects of Salvia miltiorrhizae injection on apoptosis and NF-κB expression in kidney and explored the protective effect and mechanism of Salvia miltiorrhizae on the kidney of SAP or OJ rats...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562578/a-comparative-study-of-danhong-injection-and-salvia-miltiorrhiza-injection-in-the-treatment-of-cerebral-infarction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Kaihuan Wang, Dan Zhang, Jiarui Wu, Shi Liu, Xiaomeng Zhang, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate systematically the clinical effectiveness and safety of Danhong injection (DI) and Salvia miltiorrhiza injection (SMI) in the treatment of cerebral infarction. METHODS: A literature search was conducted for retrieving randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on cerebral infarction treated by Danhong injection and SMI in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, China Science and Technology Journal Database, Wanfang Database up to January 22, 2017...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558871/a-lipophilic-prodrug-of-danshensu-preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#11
Xue-Jiao Guo, Xue-Jiao Fan, Bin Qiao, Zhi-Qiang Ge
Danshensu [3-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl) lactic acid, DSS], one of the significant cardioprotective components, is extracted from the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza. In the present study, an ester prodrug of Danshensu (DSS), palmitoyl Danshensu (PDSS), was synthesized with the aim to improve its oral bioavailability and prolong its half-life. The in vitro experiments were carried out to evaluate the physicochemical properties and stability of PDSS. Although the solubility of PDSS in water was only 0.055 mg·mL(-1), its solubility in FaSSIF and FeSSIF reached 4...
May 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558633/impact-of-drug-metabolism-pharmacokinetics-and-their-relevance-upon-salvia-based-drug-discovery
#12
Da-Cheng Hao, Pei-Gen Xiao
Salvia is the largest genus of family Lamiaceae and has nearly 1000 species. This genus produces several representative phytometabolites, e.g., diterpenoids and phenolic acids. The traditional uses in ethnomedicine and contemporary experimental studies have corroborated extensive therapeutic efficacy of Salvia plants. Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic (DMPK) studies of Salvia natural products and their derivatives are indispensable in the optimization of lead compounds. New chemical entity with improved DMPK profiles is preferred...
May 30, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550687/tanshinone-suppresses-arecoline-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-by-epigenetically-reactivating-the-p53-pathway
#13
Lian Zheng, Zhen-Jie Guan, Wen-Ting Pan, Tian-Fang Du, Yu-Jia Zhai, Jia Guo
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) induced by the chewing of areca nut has been considered as a precancerous lesion with a higher probability of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma. Tanshinone (TSN) is the main component extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, a traditional Chinese medicine, which was found to have diverse pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects. In current study, we aim to identify inhibitory effects and the underlying mechanism of Tanshinone on OSF progress. We found that treatment of TSN inhibited arecoline-mediated proliferation of primary human oral mucosal fibroblasts, and reversed the promotive effects of arecoline on EMT process...
May 21, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544528/micellar-electrokinetic-capillary-chromatography-fingerprints-combined-with-multivariate-statistical-analyses-to-evaluate-the-quality-consistency-and-predict-the-fingerprint-efficacy-relationship-of-salviae-miltiorrhizae-radix-et-rhizoma-danshen
#14
Yujing Zhang, Lanping Yang, Jing Zhang, Min Shi, Guoxiang Sun
Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography fingerprinting combined with quantification was successfully established and applied to evaluate the quality consistency of Danshen, which is a medicinal herb used to treat various diseases, especially coronary cerebrovascular diseases. A background electrolyte composed of 20 mmol/L sodium tetraborate, 90 mmol/L orthoboric acid, 25 mmol/L sodium phosphate monobasic dehydrate, and 65 mmol/L sodium dodecyl sulfate was used to separate compounds. To optimize micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography conditions, a response surface strategy was set up for orthogonal experimental design...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542554/sodium-tanshinone-iia-sulfonate-stimulated-cl-secretion-in-mouse-trachea
#15
Peng-Xiao Chen, Yi-Lin Zhang, Jia-Wen Xu, Ming-Hao Yu, Jie-Hong Huang, Lei Zhao, Wen-Liang Zhou
Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is a derivate of tanshinone IIA, a lipophilic compound in Salvia miltiorrhiza. This study aimed to investigate the effect of STS on ion transport in mouse tracheal epithelium and the mechanisms underlying it. Short-circuit current (Isc) was measured to evaluate the effect of STS on transepithelial ion transport. Intracellular Ca2+ imaging was performed to observe intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) changes induced by STS in primary cultured mouse tracheal epithelial cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535007/protective-effect-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-on-5-fluorouracil-induced-oral-mucositis
#16
Do Rim Kim, Jinsung Kim, Ja Young Oh, Ha Young Kim, Young Joo Kim, Mun Seog Chang
Oral mucositis is a common side-effect caused by chemotherapy or radiotherapy occurring in the majority of cancer patients and is characterized by inflammation and ulcers in the oral mucosa. In the present study, we examined the protective effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (SM) on oral mucositis induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in human pharyngeal cells and golden Syrian hamsters. We investigated the proliferation and antioxidant abilities of SM using MTT, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) assays in vitro...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529539/jiangtang-decoction-ameliorate-diabetic-nephropathy-through-the-regulation-of-pi3k-akt-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-in-kk-ay-mice
#17
Jin-Ni Hong, Wei-Wei Li, Lin-Lin Wang, Hao Guo, Yong Jiang, Yun-Jia Gao, Peng-Fei Tu, Xue-Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: Jiangtang decoction (JTD) is a China patented drug which contains Euphorbia humifusa Willd, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, Astragalus mongholicus Bunge, Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, and Coptis chinensis Franch. For decades, it has also been used clinically to treat diabetic nephropathy (DN) effectively; however, the associated mechanisms remain unknown. Thus, the present study aimed to examine the protective efficacy of JTD in DN and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521399/acetonitrile-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-radix-exhibits-growth-inhibitory-effects-on-prostate-cancer-cells-through-the-induction-of-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis
#18
June Lee, Bu Young Choi, Young-Sam Keum
In the present study, the effects of the acetonitrile or water extracts from 400 selected traditional medicinal plants on the growth of PC-3 cells were investigated, and it was demonstrated that an acetonitrile extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza Radix exhibited the most marked cytotoxic effects on PC-3 cells. It was observed that the acetonitrile extract of S. miltiorrhiza Radix induced marked cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in PC-3 cells through the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. It was also demonstrated that oral administration of the acetonitrile extract of S...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513773/attenuation-of-renal-ischemic-reperfusion-injury-by-salvianolic-acid-b-via-suppressing-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-through-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#19
Z G Ma, H Q Xia, S L Cui, J Yu
Salvianolic acid B (SAB) is one the major phytocomponents of Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza and exhibit numerous health promoting properties. The objective of the current study was to examine whether SAB exerts a renoprotective effect by attenuating oxidative stress and inflammatory response through activating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine-threonine kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway in a renal ischemic reperfusion rat model. Forty Sprague-Dawley male rats (250-300 g) were obtained and split into four groups with ten rats in each group...
May 15, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511681/chromosome-engineering-of-escherichia-coli-for-constitutive-production-of-salvianic-acid-a
#20
Liang Zhou, Qi Ding, Guo-Zhen Jiang, Zhen-Ning Liu, Hai-Yan Wang, Guang-Rong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Salvianic acid A (SAA), a valuable natural product from herbal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza, exhibits excellent antioxidant activities on food industries and efficacious therapeutic potential on cardiovascular diseases. Recently, production of SAA in engineered Escherichia coli was established via the artificial biosynthetic pathway of SAA on the multiple plasmids in our previous work. However, the plasmid-mediated system required to supplement expensive inducers and antibiotics during the fermentation process, restricting scale-up production of SAA...
May 16, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
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