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salvia miltiorrhiza

Luan Luan, Zhiyuan Liang
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is the most common bone-joint disease in middle and older people all over the world. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) is the main lipophilic diterpenoid isolated from the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae). This study analyzed the protective effects of Tan IIA on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine chondrogenic ATDC5 cell inflammatory injury model. METHODS: Cell viability was assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cell apoptosis was detected using Annexin V-FITC/PI staining...
April 18, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ting Yu, Pradeep Paudel, Su Hui Seong, Jeong Ah Kim, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
The rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza has emerged as a rich source of natural therapeutic agents, and its several compounds are supposed to exhibit favorable effects on Alzheimer's disease (AD). The present work investigate the anti-AD potentials of 12 tanshinones, three salvianolic acids and three caffeic acid derivatives from S. miltiorrhiza via the inhibition of β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1). Among the tested compounds, deoxyneocryptotanshinone (1), salvianolic acid A (13) and salvianolic acid C (15) displayed good inhibitory effect on BACE1 with IC50 values of 11...
April 13, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Wen-Tao Fang, Ai-Ping Deng, Zhen-Li Ren, Tie-Gui Nan, Li-Ping Kang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang, Zhi-Lai Zhan
Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen) is one of the commonly used bulk medicinal materials in China. It is widely used in clinical practice, and has many pharmacological effects, such as antithrombotic,antibacterial,anti-inflammatory,anti-oxidative and immunomodulatory activities. The quality of Danshen determines the quality of the curative effect. The current wild resources of Danshen gradually decrease, the cultivation area is widely distributed, among them, Shandong, Sichuan, Anhui, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan and other provinces have large acreage for Danshen...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Xian Li, Soon Jin Park, Fansi Jin, Yifeng Deng, Ju Hye Yang, Jae-Hoon Chang, Dong-Young Kim, Jung-Ae Kim, Youn Ju Lee, Makoto Murakami, Kun Ho Son, Hyeun Wook Chang
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its upstream mediators liver kinase B1 (LKB1) and sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) are generally known as key regulators of metabolism. We have recently reported that the AMPK pathway negatively regulates mast cell activation and anaphylaxis. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), an active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza extract that is currently used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, shows anti-diabetic activity and improves insulin resistance in db/db mice through activation of AMPK...
April 16, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Changmin Kim, Hyo-Sook Song, Hojung Park, Bonglee Kim
Although Salvia miltiorrhiza has been reported to have anti-cancer mechanisms, such as caspase activation, cell cycle arrest, an anti-angiogenesis effect, and Bcl-2 family regulation, its underlying mechanism of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis has never been demonstrated. Thus, in this current study, ER stress-related apoptosis via miR-216b of the ethanol extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) is elucidated for the first time. SM treatment inhibited the viability of U266 and U937 cells in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Fatih Irmak, Sevgi Kurt Yazar, Serhat Selami Şirvan, Merdan Serin, Ayşim Özağarı, Ayşin Karasoy Yeşilada
INTRODUCTION: Burn healing is a complicated process and very few treatments can positively alter its effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM -Danshen), a traditional Chinese medicine, on burn wound healing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty rats were included in this study and divided into two groups. 3 × 2 cm wide burn areas were created in the dorsal skin of all the animals with thermal contact. Intraoral 1 ml/day saline and 1 g/kg/day SM were given in control and experiment groups, respectively...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Lianqing Zhu, Haitao Chang, Qun Zhou, Zhongyu Wang
In order to improve the classification accuracy of Chinese Salvia miltiorrhiza using near-infrared spectroscopy, a novel local variable selection strategy is thus proposed. Combining the strengths of the local algorithm and interval partial least squares, the spectra data have firstly been divided into several pairs of classes in sample direction and equidistant subintervals in variable direction. Then, a local classification model has been built, and the most proper spectral region has been selected based on the new evaluation criterion considering both classification error rate and best predictive ability under the leave-one-out cross validation scheme for each pair of classes...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Li Qin, Hong-Ling Tan, Yu-Guo Wang, Cheng-Yong Xu, Jian Feng, Min Li, Yong-Qi Dou
Astragalus membranaceus and Salvia miltiorrhiza (AM/SM) are well used in Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM) for nourishing Qi and activating blood circulation method. From TCM theory, the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI) was determined as Qi deficiency and blood stagnation. In this study, we are aiming to investigate the protective and therapeutic effects of AM/SM on a rat model of lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced ALI in rats and to elucidate potential molecular mechanisms. ALI was induced by intratracheal instillation of LPS (5 mg/kg) in Sprague-Dawley rats...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Meng-Dan Yang, Ying Zhao, Peng-da Ma
The study is aimed to construct high quality Salvia miltiorrhiza cDNA library and obtain the SmJAZ8 gene of S. miltiorrhiza by yeast two-hybrid system. In this study, full-length cDNA was synthesized from roots, stems, leaves, flowers and hairy roots of S. miltiorrhiza. The full-length cDNA library was synthesized by SMART method and constructed with DSN homogenization technique. The results showed that the library capacity was 1.45×10⁶, the recombination rate was 100%, and the average size of the insert was 500-2 000 bp...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Wen Zhang, Jun-Ke Song, Xue Zhang, Qi-Meng Zhou, Guo-Rong He, Xiao-Na Xu, Yan Rong, Wen-Xia Zhou, Guan-Hua DU
Salvianolic acid A (SAA) is a water-soluble component from the root of Salvia Miltiorrhiza Bge, a traditional Chinese medicine, which has been used for the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases for centuries. The present study aimed to determine the brain protective effects of SAA against cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats, and to figure out whether SAA could protect the blood brain barrier (BBB) through matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) inhibition. A focal cerebral ischemia reperfusion model was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1...
March 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Chen Jia, Shanshan Han, Liming Wei, Xiangji Dang, Qianqian Niu, Mengyu Chen, Boqun Cao, Yuting Liu, Haisheng Jiao
CONTEXT: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is resistant to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and is associated with cognitive impairment. The modern Chinese medicine, compound Danshen dripping pills (CDDP), is clinically effective in treating epilepsy and improving cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the protective effects of CDDP alone and in combination with carbamazepine (CBZ) on kainic acid-induced TLE and cognitive impairment in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: control (sham operated), model, CDDP, CBZ and combined...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Francesca Nicolì, Marzia Vergine, Carmine Negro, Andrea Luvisi, Eliana Nutricati, Alessio Aprile, Patrizia Rampino, Erika Sabella, Luigi De Bellis, Antonio Miceli
We report the characterisation of Salvia clandestina L. shoots and roots aqueous extract using HPLC-ESI/MS-TOF. Among the 29 compounds detected, we observed the presence of danshensu (3-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl) 2-hydroxy-propinic acid), a powerful antioxidant and a cardio-protective agent. The danshensu content found in the shoots of S. clandestina was considerable (4.96 mg g-1 DW) if compared with previous studies on S. miltiorrhiza Bunge, the main source of this compound. We also determined the total phenolic concentration and we evaluated their antioxidant activity by ABTS, FRAP and Superoxide anion scavenging methods...
March 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
Tao Wei, Kejun Deng, Hongbin Wang, Lipeng Zhang, Chunguo Wang, Wenqin Song, Yong Zhang, Chengbin Chen
In our previous study, drought-resistant transgenic plants of Salvia miltiorrhiza were produced via overexpression of the transcription factor AtDREB1A. To unravel the molecular mechanisms underpinning elevated drought tolerance in transgenic plants, in the present study we compared the global transcriptional profiles of wild-type (WT) and AtDREB1A -expressing transgenic plants using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). Using cluster analysis, we identified 3904 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Compared with WT plants, 423 unigenes were up-regulated in pRD29A::AtDREB1A-31 before drought treatment, while 936 were down-regulated and 1580 and 1313 unigenes were up- and down-regulated after six days of drought...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jiang Li, Caili Li, Shanfa Lu
Cytosine DNA methylation is highly conserved epigenetic modification involved in a wide range of biological processes in eukaryotes. It was established and maintained by cytosine-5 DNA methyltransferases (C5-MTases) in plants. Through genome-wide identification, eight putative SmC5-MTase genes were identified from the genome of Salvia miltiorrhiza , a well-known traditional Chinese medicine material and an emerging model medicinal plant. Based on conserved domains and phylogenetic analysis, eight SmC5-MTase genes were divided into four subfamilies, including MET , CMT , DRM and DNMT2 ...
2018: PeerJ
Myong-Min Lee, Hyeong-Geug Kim, Sung-Bae Lee, Jin-Seok Lee, Won-Yong Kim, Seung-Hoon Choi, Sam-Keun Lee, Chang-Kyu Byun, Pung-Mi Hyun, Chang-Gue Son
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has increased by 15-39% worldwide, but no pharmaceutical therapeutics exists. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: This study investigated anti-hepatosteatotic effect of CGplus (a standardized herbal composition of Artemisia iwayomogi, Amomum xanthioides, and Salvia miltiorrhiza) and its underlying mechanisms in a tunicamycin-induced NASH model. METHODS: C57/BL6J male mice were orally administrated CGplus (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg), dimethyl dimethoxy biphenyl dicarboxylate (DDB, 50 mg/kg) or distilled water daily for 5 days...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Huan-Huan Pang, Mei-Fang Jiang, Qin-Hui Wang, Xiao-Ye Wang, Wei Gao, Zhi-Hao Tian, Jian-Mei Huang
Danshen, the dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae), is one of the traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) most commonly used for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, little is known about the chemical and metabolic profiles of danshen in vitro or in vivo. In particular, more information is needed in relation to the 50% ethanol extracts usually used in danshen formulations such as Fufang Xueshuantong Capsules and Fufang Danshen tablets. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometer (HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap) provides a sensitive and accurate method for analyzing the composition of samples...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Chengli Ling, Jianming Liang, Chun Zhang, Ruixiang Li, Qianqian Mou, Jin Qin, Xiaofang Li, Jianxin Wang
Ischemic stroke (IS) is characterized by the sudden loss of blood circulation to an area of the brain, resulting in a corresponding loss of neurologic function. It has been a worldwide critical disease threatening to the health and life of human beings. Despite significant progresses achieved, effective treatment still remains a formidable challenge due to the complexity of the disease. Salvianolic acid B (Sal-B) and Puerarin (Pue) are two active neuroprotectants isolated from traditional Chinese herbs, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Kudzu root respectively, which have been used for the prevention and treatment of IS for thousands of years in China...
March 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaodan Zhang, Yange Yu, Yesheng Cen, Dongfeng Yang, Zhechen Qi, Zhuoni Hou, Shuanglai Han, Zengxuan Cai, Kuancheng Liu
To better understand the mechanisms underlying the pharmacological actions of Salvia miltiorrhiza , correlation between the chemical profiles and in vitro antioxidant activities in 50 batches of wild S. miltiorrhiza samples was analyzed. Our ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis detected twelve phenolic acids and five tanshinones and obtained various chemical profiles from different origins. In a principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis, the tanshinones cryptotanshinone, tanshinone IIA and dihydrotanshinone I exhibited higher weights in PC1, whereas the phenolic acids danshensu, salvianolic acids A and B and lithospermic acid were highly loaded in PC2...
February 28, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Haimin Chen, Hongxia Wu, Bin Yan, Hongguang Zhao, Fenghua Liu, Haihua Zhang, Qing Sheng, Fang Miao, Zongsuo Liang
Seed microbiome includes special endophytic or epiphytic microbial taxa associated with seeds, which affects seed germination, plant growth, and health. Here, we analyzed the core microbiome of 21 Salvia miltiorrhiza seeds from seven different geographic origins using 16S rDNA and ITS amplicon sequencing, followed by bioinformatics analysis. The whole bacterial microbiome was classified into 17 microbial phyla and 39 classes. Gammaproteobacteria (67.6%), Alphaproteobacteria (15.6%), Betaproteobacteria (2.6%), Sphingobacteria (5...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiao-Ping Zhao, Yun-Ru Yu, Xue Li, Qing Shao, Yi-Min Wang, Tao Zhao, Chao Zhao, Bu-Chang Zhao, Yue-Fei Wang, Yi Wang
The Concurrent treatment of the brain and heart (CTBH) theory is proposed based on traditional Chinese medical theory and clinical practice. In this study, a framework for the pharmacological research platform was established to investigate the principles of concurrent treatment of the brain and heart. The platform for CTBH includes several key techniques for network modeling, discovery of active substances, dissecting mechanism of action and investigation of pharmacokinetic property of TCM. Taking network modeling of CTBH as an example, using database search, literature mining, network construction and module analysis, the that network modules closely associated with the pathological progress of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases were identified, while further functional enrichment analysis of these modules indicated that the key biological processes included oxidative stress, metabolism and inflammation...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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