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salvia miltiorrhiza

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093038/metabonomic-strategy-to-the-evaluation-of-chinese-medicine-salvia-miltiorrhiza-and-dalbergia-odorifera-interfering-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#1
Fei Mu, Jialin Duan, Haixu Bian, Xiaohu Zhai, Peijin Shang, Rui Lin, Meina Zhao, Dongmei Hu, Ying Yin, Aidong Wen, Miaomiao Xi
Extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Dalbergia Odorifera (SM-DOO) has been traditionally used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, information regarding the pharmacodyamic material basis and potential mechanism remain unknown. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: Sham, Model, Diltiazem and SM-DOO group, n=6. Rats were pretreated with homologous drugs for 7 days, then subjected to 30 min of ischemia followed by 180 min of reperfusion. Cardioprotection effects of SM-DOO on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury rats were examined by hemodynamic, infarct area, histopathology, biochemical indicators and western blot analysis...
January 16, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088493/apoptosis-induced-by-the-methanol-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-through-pten-mediated-inhibition-of-pi3k-akt-pathway
#2
Yin-Tao Ye, Wei Zhong, Pei Sun, Dong Wang, Chen Wang, Li-Min Hu, Jun-Qiang Qian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) plant, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases since thousands of years. Many studies have reported that the active component tanshinones displayed a variety of biological activities: antithrombous, antiplatelet aggregation, antioxidant and antitumor promoting. But the mechanism of how the active components working still need to be clarified. The anti-tumor effect of compounds of tanshinone (CTN), the methanol extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge roots, was investigated...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070931/anti-rheumatoid-arthritis-effect-of-kaejadan-via-analgesic-and-antiinflammatory-activity-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#3
Jung Jae Yoon, Eun Jung Sohn, Jung Hyo Kim, Jai Wha Seo, Sung-Hoon Kim
Although Kaejadan (KJD), an herbal cocktail of three medicinal plants (Lithospermum erythrorhizon, Cinnamomum loureirii, and Salvia miltiorrhiza), has been traditionally used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, its scientific evidence is not fully understood. Hence, we investigated antiinflammatory and analgesic mechanism of KJD in vivo and in vitro. Kaejadan suppressed the number of writhing responses in mice treated by acetic acid and showed antinociceptive effect by tail-flick test. Kaejadan abrogated serotonin or carrageenan or Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced paw edema and also reduced the level of Evans Blue for vascular permeability...
January 9, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061838/cryptotanshinone-activates-ampk-tsc2-axis-leading-to-inhibition-of-mtorc1-signaling-in-cancer-cells
#4
Wenxing Chen, Yanhong Pan, Siliang Wang, Yuping Liu, Guangying Chen, Liang Zhou, Wenting Ni, Aiyun Wang, Yin Lu
BACKGROUND: Cryptotanshinone (CPT), a fat-soluble phenanthraquinone from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, has been demonstrated to inhibit phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), a couple of direct downstream effectors of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), resulting in cancer cell arrested in G0 phase and subsequent inhibition of proliferation. However, its concrete molecular mechanism about how CPT inhibits mTORC1 signaling pathway is unclear...
January 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056293/-effects-of-water-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-aganst-renal-injury-on-rats-exposed-to-cadmium
#5
L He, Q Q Zhang, X Y Lü, X X Li
Objective: To investigate the effects of water extract of salvia miltiorrhiza aganst renal injury on rats exposed to cadmium. Methods: Twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control group (8), 32 rats in model group, conventional breeding, the blank control group received intraperitoneal injection of saline 5 ml·kg(-1)·d(-1,) model group with 2.8 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) of cadmium chloride solution by intraperitoneal injection. After the success in modeling, the model group was divided into treatment group (salvia extract high dose 2...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040437/cryptotanshinone-inhibits-vegf-induced-angiogenesis-by-targeting-the-vegfr2-signaling-pathway
#6
Xiaoming Xu, Li Wu, Xinbin Zhou, Nanyang Zhou, Qin Zhuang, Jinxiu Yang, Jin Dai, Haibing Wang, Shenjie Chen, Wei Mao
OBJECTIVE: Anti-angiogenesis has been proposed as an important strategy for angiogenesis-related diseases. Cryptotanshinone (CPT), an active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, may be a potential inhibitor of angiogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying its anti-angiogenic activities remain poorly understood. This study is to investigate the effects of CPT on VEGF-induced angiogenesis and VEGFR2 signaling pathway in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS: HUVECs were treated with different concentration of CPT (5-20μmol/L) and the viability, endothelial cell migration, invasion, and tubular-like structure formation of HUVECs were detected by MTT, wound-healing migration, Transwell invasion and Matrigel tube formation assays, respectively...
December 28, 2016: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017565/iron-ii-iii-oxide-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-composite-as-solid-phase-extraction-sorbent-followed-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-simultaneous-determination-of-zearalenone-and-type-a-trichothecenes-in-salviae-miltiorrhizae
#7
Keqiu Jiang, Peng Huang, Lianjun Luan, Kai Fan, Wenbo Guo, Zhihui Zhao, Yongjiang Wu, Zheng Han
For the first time, a reliable solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure using iron (II, III) oxide (Fe3O4)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composite as sorbents was proposed for purification and enrichment of zearalenone (ZEA) and four type A trichothecenes (T-2 toxin (T-2), HT-2 toxin (HT-2), neosolaniol (NEO) and diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS)) in Salviae miltiorrhiza Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen). The Fe3O4/MWCNT composite was synthesized by assembling Fe3O4 with MWCNT by sonication through an "aggregation wrap" mechanism and several key parameters affecting the performance of SPE procedure such as the composition of sample loading solutions, washing and elution solvents were thoroughly investigated...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000873/salvianolic-acid-b-reverses-multidrug-resistance-in-hct%C3%A2-8-vcr-human-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-increasing-ros-levels
#8
Piaoting Guo, Songpo Wang, Wei Liang, Wenjing Wang, Huijun Wang, Miaomiao Zhao, Xiaowei Liu
Salvianolic acid B (SalB) a water‑soluble phenolic compound, extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, has previously been demonstrated to reverse tumor multidrug resistance (MDR), including in colorectal cancer. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are oxygen radicals generated during aerobic metabolism (superoxide and hydroxyl radicals) and superoxide easily generating free radicals (H2O2). The concept that increased ROS levels can lead to augmented tumor cell‑sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs has become notable. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of ROS in mediating the effect of SalB on drug resistance and the correlation with drug resistance‑associated protein, P‑glycoprotein (P‑gp), and apoptosis‑associated proteins, B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2) and Bcl‑2‑associated X (Bax)...
February 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997360/salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-decreases-estrogen-level-without-side-effects-on-reproductive-tissues-in-immature-ovariectomized-mice
#9
Ying Xu, Ting Chen, Xin Li, Ya-Kun Qu, Jin-Na An, Hong-Xia Zheng, Zi-Jia Zhang, Na Lin
Salvia miltiorrhiza bunge(SM) is a popular herb for alleviating menopausal symptoms, although the scientific evidence of applying SM to estrogen replacement therapy is limited. In this study, we characterized the estrogenic activity of SM using in vivo models of immature and ovariectomized (OVX) mice and performed in vitro studies focusing on the estrogen receptor (ER) pathway for further molecular characterizations. SM treatments demonstrated significant estrogenic activity by promoting the development of uterus and vagina in immature mice, restoring the estrus cycle and reversing the atrophy of reproductive tissues in OVX mice, as well as increasing the expressions of ERα and ERβ at protein and mRNA level in the reproductive tissues...
December 20, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992941/comparative-analysis-of-ultrafine-granular-powder-and-decoction-pieces-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-by-uplc-uv-msn-combined-with-statistical-analysis
#10
Yao Shen, Jinjun Hou, Wen Deng, Zijin Feng, Min Yang, Jinle Cheng, Wanying Wu, De-An Guo
Salvia miltiorrhiza is one of the most used herbal medicines for the treatment of a wide range of diseases in China. Decoction pieces and Chinese patent medicines from S. miltiorrhiza are the two main types of products used by patients. Other relatively new products of S. miltiorrhiza, like injections and ultrafine granular powder (D90 < 45 µm before granulation), are also increasingly used nowadays. With the growing usage of new products of S. miltiorrhiza, their chemical components and pharmacological effects, compared to the traditional decoction pieces, are attracting attention...
December 19, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989594/salvianolic-acid-b-protects-against-chronic-alcoholic-liver-injury-via-sirt1-mediated-inhibition-of-crp-and-chrebp-in-rats
#11
Ning Zhang, Yan Hu, Chunchun Ding, Wenjing Zeng, Wen Shan, Hui Fan, Yan Zhao, Xue Shi, Lili Gao, Ting Xu, Ruiwen Wang, Dongyan Gao, Jihong Yao
Salvianolic acid B (SalB), a water-soluble polyphenol extracted from Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been reported to possess many pharmacological activities. This study investigated the hepatoprotective effects of SalB in chronic alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and explored the related signaling mechanisms. In vivo, SalB treatment significantly attenuated ethanol-induced liver injury by blocking the elevation of serum aminotransferase activities and markedly decreased hepatic lipid accumulation by reducing serum and liver triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels...
December 15, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975470/salvia-miltiorrhiza-danshen-an-nmr-metabolomic-and-hptlc-based-analysis-of-products-quality
#12
K Y Kum, A Booker, C Leon, J Prieto García, M Heinrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974236/integrative-therapy-decreases-the-risk-of-lupus-nephritis-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Ching-Mao Chang, Po-Chang Wu, Jen-Huai Chiang, Yau-Huei Wei, Fang-Pey Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Tai-Long Pan, Hung-Rong Yen, Hen-Hong Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Evidence on alleviating the risk of lupus nephritis by integrative therapy with conventional medicine (CM) and herbal medicine (HM) had not been addressed. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated the integrative effect associated the risk by a retrospective Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) cohort from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SLE patients with a catastrophic illness certificate (CIC) were retrospectively enrolled from the SLE cohort of the Taiwan NHIRD between 1997 and 2011...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968851/development-of-the-novel-antiplatelet-agent-adtm-originating-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-chemical-proteomic-analysis-and-in-vivo-assessment-of-efficacy-in-an-animal-model
#14
Guozhen Cui, Angela Wa Ho, Simon Ming Yuen Lee, Yuqiang Wang, Maggie Pui Man Hoi
BACKGROUND: An ageing population and lifestyle changes have led to increased cardiovascular disease-related morbidity and mortality in China, where an estimated 230 million people have cardiovascular disease. Long-term antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel are used for treatment and post-stenting primary prevention of acute coronary syndrome, but the risk of bleeding complications is high. This study aimed to identify the target of the newly developed antiplatelet agent ADTM, originating from traditional Chinese herbs...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968848/effect-of-danhong-injection-on-the-mobilisation-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-to-vascular-repair-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Zhen Hu, Hong Wang, Guanwei Fan, Han Zhang, Xiaoying Wang, Jingyuan Mao, Yingqiang Zhao, Yi An, Yuhong Huang, Chuan Li, Lianying Chang, Xianming Chu, Li Li, Yanfen Li, Yuan Zhang, Gangjian Qin, Xiumei Gao, Boli Zhang
BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) derived from bone marrow are associated with the repair of vascular injury by accelerating re-endothelisation, and represent a potential therapeutic target for ischaemic disease. Danhong injection (DHI), a Chinese Materia Medica standardised product extracted from Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza and Flos Carthamus tinctorius L, is effective in the treatment of ischaemic heart disease. We assessed the effect of DHI on the mobilisation of EPCs and vascular repair mediated by EPCs after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941340/salvianolic-acid-b-ameliorates-hyperglycemia-and-dyslipidemia-in-db-db-mice-through-the-ampk-pathway
#16
Ming-Qing Huang, Cai-Jie Zhou, Yi-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Qin Zhang, Wen Xu, Jing Lin, Pei-Jian Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Salvianolic acid B (Sal B), a major polyphenolic compound of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, has been shown to possess potential antidiabetic activities. However, the action mechanism of SalB in type 2 diabetes has not been investigated extensively. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Sal B on diabetes-related metabolic changes in a spontaneous model of type 2 diabetes, as well as its potential molecular mechanism. METHODS: Male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were orally treated with Sal B (50 and 100 mg/kg) or metformin (positive drug, 300 mg/kg) for 6 weeks...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933510/anti-fibrotic-effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-and-ligustrazine-injection-on-lx-2-cells-involved-with-increased-n-myc-downstream-regulated-gene-2-expression
#17
Jin Zheng, Li-Tian Ma, Qin-You Ren, Yue Hu, Yang Bai, Huan Bian, Yi Zhang, Yong-Chun Zhou, Ming-Hui Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Ligustrazine Injection (SML) on proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatic stellate cell LX-2 and the expression of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2, a tumor suppressor gene). METHODS: HSCs from the LX-2 cell line were cultured in vitro. The proliferative state of different initial LX-2 cell numbers was measured using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay...
December 8, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930987/antiproliferative-effects-of-extracts-from-salvia-officinalis-l-and-saliva-miltiorrhiza-bunge-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#18
Yuanyuan Jiang, Li Zhang, H P Vasantha Rupasinghe
Salvia species have been used as valuable medicinal and herbal plant in many countries. Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge are widely used in traditional medicine for a long time. In the present study, cytotoxicity of ethanol and acetone extracts prepared from leaves and roots of two Salvia species was investigated using hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and normal human liver cells (WRL-68). The cytotoxicity and anti-proliferative abilities of the extracts were evaluated by measuring cell viability (MTS assay), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, the cellular ATP level, morphological changes using an inverted microscope, and apoptosis using flow cytometry...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916808/simultaneous-determination-of-four-tanshinones-by-uplc-tq-ms-and-their-pharmacokinetic-application-after-administration-of-single-ethanol-extract-of-danshen-combined-with-water-extract-in-normal-and-adenine-induced-chronic-renal-failure-rats
#19
Hong-Die Cai, Shu-Lan Su, Yonghui Li, Zhenhua Zhu, Jianming Guo, Yue Zhu, Sheng Guo, Dawei Qian, Jinao Duan
Salvia miltiorrhiza, one of the major traditional Chinese medicines, is commonly used and the main active ingredients-tanshinones-possess the ability to improve renal function. In this paper, the UPLC-TQ/MS method of simultaneously determining four tanshinones-tanshinone IIA, dihydrotanshinone I, tanshinone I, and cryptotanshinone-was established and applied to assess the pharmacokinetics in normal and chronic renal failure (CRF) rat plasma. The pharmacokinetics of tanshinones in rats were studied after separately intragastric administration of Salvia miltiorrhiza ethanol extract (SMEE) (0...
November 28, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915455/overexpression-of-atedt1-promotes-root-elongation-and-affects-medicinal-secondary-metabolite-biosynthesis-in-roots-of-transgenic-salvia-miltiorrhiza
#20
Yu Liu, Geng Sun, Zhaohui Zhong, Linyi Ji, Yong Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Xuelian Zheng, Kejun Deng
Medicinal secondary metabolites (salvianolic acids and tanshinones) are valuable natural bioactive compounds in Salvia miltiorrhiza and have widespread applications. Improvement of medicinal secondary metabolite accumulation through biotechnology is necessary and urgent to satisfy their increasing demand. Herein, it was demonstrated that the overexpression of the transcription factor Arabidopsis thaliana-enhanced drought tolerance 1 (AtEDT1) could affect medicinal secondary metabolite accumulation. In this study, we observed that the transgenic lines significantly conferred drought tolerance phenotype...
December 3, 2016: Protoplasma
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