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salvia miltiorrhiza

Jue Chen, Mengjun Liu, Qi Wang, Huizhi Du, Liwei Zhang
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have attracted significant attention as a promising green media. In this work, twenty-five kinds of benign choline chloride-based DESs with microwave-assisted methods were applied to quickly extract active components from Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae. The extraction factors, including temperature, time, power of microwave, and solid/liquid ratio, were investigated systematically by response surface methodology. The hydrophilic and hydrophobic ingredients were extracted simultaneously under the optimized conditions: 20 vol% of water in choline chloride/1,2-propanediol (1:1, molar ratio) as solvent, microwave power of 800 W, temperature at 70 °C, time at 11...
October 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
C-Y Lin, T-W Chang, W-H Hsieh, M-C Hung, I-H Lin, S-C Lai, Y-J Tzeng
Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), a constituent of the traditional medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza BUNGE, has been reported to possess anticancer activity through induction of apoptosis in many cancer cells. Surprisingly, the present study finds that Tan IIA simultaneously causes apoptosis and necroptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. We further find that apoptosis can be converted to necroptosis by pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk, and the two death modes can be blocked by necroptotic inhibitor necrostatin-1...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
Wendong Huang, Yongfei Yang, Zhi Zeng, Meiling Su, Qi Gao, Banghao Zhu
Salvia miltiorrhiza and ligustrazine are traditional Chinese medicines that have been used in combination for treatment of cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, cardiac angina and atherosclerosis in Asia, in particular, China. The present study aimed to determine the effect of S. miltiorrhiza and ligustrazine injection (SLI) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injuries via the Akt serine/threonine kinase (Akt)‑endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling pathway...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Lili Wang, Rufeng Ma, Chenyue Liu, Haixia Liu, Ruyuan Zhu, Shuzhen Guo, Minke Tang, Yu Li, Jianzhao Niu, Min Fu, Sihua Gao, Dongwei Zhang
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, also known as Danshen in Chinese, has been widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in China and other Asia countries. Here, we summarize the literatures of the historical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interpretation of the action of Salvia miltiorrhiza, its use in current clinical trials, its main phytochemical constituents and its pharmacological findings by consulting Pubmed, China Knowledge Resource Integrated, China Science and Technology Journal, and the Web of Science Databases...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Jingrui Chen, Wenjie Cao, Patrick Fordjour Asare, Ming Lv, Zhu Yan, Lan Li, Jing Wei, Hui Gao, Han Zhang, Haoping Mao, Xiumei Gao, Guanwei Fan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danhong injection (DHI) is a standardized product extracted from Radix et Rhizoma Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Flos Carthami ,which has been long applied mainly used to treat ischemic encephalopathy and cardiac diseases including myocardial infarction and angina in clinical practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of this study was to investigate the salutary effects of DHI by slowing ventricular remodeling and improving cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
F Y Lyu, H F Wang, C J Xu, Z Xu, D M Li, Y T Chi
Objective: To investigate the concentrations and clinical significance of secreted frizzled-related protein-1(SFRP1) insaliva and gingival crevicular fluid of patients with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) as well as the expression of SFRP1 in patients' OSF buccal mucosa. Methods: Twenty OSF patients aged 20 to 40 years old were recruited and randomly divided into two experimental groups, of which were triamcinolone acetonide group and combined triamcinolone acetonide and salvia miltiorrhiza group, respectively...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Jing Leng, Mei-Hong Chen, Zhi-Hui Zhou, Ya-Wen Lu, Xiao-Dong Wen, Jie Yang
Adipose tissue inflammation and macrophage polarization are tightly associated with the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance. Our previous studies have demonstrated the triterpenoids-enriched extract from the aerial parts of Salvia miltiorrhiza (TTE) could significantly improve atherosclerosis in LDLR(-/-) mice. However, its molecular mechanisms of TTE ameliorating insulin resistance remain unclear. In the present study, obesity model with insulin resistance induced by feeding high-fat diet (HFD) was established...
October 6, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Ling-Zhi Li, Xiao Liang, Xue Sun, Xiao-Li Qi, Jian Wang, Qing-Chun Zhao, Shao-Jiang Song
Two new norditerpenoids, miltiolactones A and B (1a, 1b); seven new neolignans, miltiolignanolides A-G (2a, 2b and 3a, 3b and 4a, 4b, and 5) were obtained from the root extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Using HPLC separation with a chiral column, compounds 1-4 were found to exist as four pairs of enantiomers. Compounds 2-5 are novel neolignans with a dibenzocycloheptatriene ring system, which form an unprecedented 6/7/6 carbon skeleton. The structures were established via extensive spectroscopic analysis, and experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra, and compound 1 was also elucidated by X-ray diffraction experiments...
October 6, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Ulschan Scheler, Wolfgang Brandt, Andrea Porzel, Kathleen Rothe, David Manzano, Dragana Božić, Dimitra Papaefthimiou, Gerd Ulrich Balcke, Anja Henning, Swanhild Lohse, Sylvestre Marillonnet, Angelos K Kanellis, Albert Ferrer, Alain Tissier
Rosemary extracts containing the phenolic diterpenes carnosic acid and its derivative carnosol are approved food additives used in an increasingly wide range of products to enhance shelf-life, thanks to their high anti-oxidant activity. We describe here the elucidation of the complete biosynthetic pathway of carnosic acid and its reconstitution in yeast cells. Cytochrome P450 oxygenases (CYP76AH22-24) from Rosmarinus officinalis and Salvia fruticosa already characterized as ferruginol synthases are also able to produce 11-hydroxyferruginol...
October 5, 2016: Nature Communications
Yan-Mei Xu, Guo-Hua Ding, Jie Huang, Yan Xiong
Tanshinone IIA is a chemical compound extracted from the root of traditional Chinese herb Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. Tanshinone IIA has been suggested to possess anti-inflammatory activity and antioxidizing capability. Recently, accumulating results have indicated the antitumor activity of tanshinone IIA; thus, it has attracted increasing attention. In addition, tanshinone IIA has been indicated to attenuate ischemia/reperfusion induced renal injury (I/RIRI); however, little is known regarding the underlying mechanisms involved in this process...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Rufeng Ma, Ruyuan Zhu, Lili Wang, Yubo Guo, Chenyue Liu, Haixia Liu, Fengwei Liu, Hongjun Li, Yu Li, Min Fu, Dongwei Zhang
Aim. The incidence of diabetic osteoporosis (DOP) is increasing due to lack of effective management over the past few decades. This review aims to summarize traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) suitability in the pathogenesis and clinical and preclinical management of DOP. Methods. Literature sources used were from Medline (Pubmed), CNKI (China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database), and CSTJ (China Science and Technology Journal Database) online databases. For the consultation, keywords such as diabetic osteoporosis (DOP), TCM, clinical study, animal experiment, toxicity, and research progress were used in various combinations...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Chen Chen, Yuan Zhang, Kuliman Qiakefu, Xuan Zhang, Limin Han, Wenping Hua, Yaping Yan, Zhezhi Wang
Tanshinones are a group of active diterpenes with pharmacological properties, are widely used in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Jasmonate (JA) acts as an elicitor to enhance tanshinone biosynthesis in Salvia miltiorrhiza. However, due to high labor costs and undesirable chemical characteristics, the use of JA elicitation is still in the experimental stage. In our experiments, overexpression of Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) Prosystemin (LePS) in transgenic plants of S. miltiorrhiza increased their JA concentrations, significantly enhanced productions of tanshinone, as well as activated the expression of key genes in the tanshinone biosynthesis pathway...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Hongwei Gao, Wen Sun, Jianping Zhao, Xiaxia Wu, Jin-Jian Lu, Xiuping Chen, Qiong-Ming Xu, Ikhlas A Khan, Shilin Yang
Four novel compounds (1-4) as well as fourteen reported compounds (5-18) were isolated and purified from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen). The structures of novel compounds were determined by 1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS data, etc. The anti-inflammatory properties of all the compounds on RAW264.7 macrophages and their cytotoxicity on H1299 and Bel-7402 cell lines coupled with a structure-activity relationship (SAR) were investigated. Compound 4 demonstrated the best anti-inflammatory activity and was chosen for further research...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Guan-Yu Chen, Yu-Chieh Shu, Duen-Yau Chuang, Yuan-Chuen Wang
Helicobacter pylori infections induce host cell inflammation and apoptosis, however, they are conflicting. Tanshinone IIA is an active compound of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. In this study, we investigated the regulatory effects of tanshinone IIA on H. pylori-induced inflammation and apoptosis in vitro. Tanshinone IIA treatments (13.6-54.4[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M) significantly decreased nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) [p-38 and C-terminal Jun-kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2)] protein expressions and inflammatory substance [cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), 5-lipooxygenase (5-LOX), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin-1[Formula: see text] (IL-1[Formula: see text], IL-6, and IL-8] production in the H...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Wang Rongrong, Deng Li, Zhang Guangqing, Chen Xiaoyin, Bao Kun
Context • For patients undergoing hemodialysis, the native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the primary approach to vascular access (VA). VA failure is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. It has been reported in recent studies that the primary failure rate can be as high as 50%. Objective • The study investigated the effects of iontophoretic administration of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) on the maturation of the AVF. Design • The study was a randomized, controlled trial. Setting • The study occurred in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Guangzhou, China)...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Hung-Chen Chen, Pei-Yi Chen, Ming-Jiuan Wu, Mi-Hsueh Tai, Jui-Hung Yen
Tanshinone IIA, one of the most pharmacologically bioactive phytochemicals isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, possesses several biological activities such as anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, neuroprotection and hypolipidemic activities. In this study, we aim to investigate the hypocholesterolemic effect of tanshinone IIA in hepatic cells. We demonstrated that tanshinone IIA significantly increased the amount of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and LDL uptake activity in HepG2 cells at the post-transcriptional regulation...
2016: PloS One
Younan Ren, Shanjun Tao, Shuguo Zheng, Mengqiu Zhao, Yuanmei Zhu, Jieren Yang, Yuanjie Wu
Vascular endothelial cell injury is an initial event in atherosclerosis. Salvianolic acid B (Sal B), a main bioactive component in the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, has vascular protective effect in diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study investigated the effect of Sal B on vascular endothelial function in diabetic rats with blood glucose fluctuations and the possible mechanisms implicated. The results showed that diabetic rats developed marked endothelial dysfunction as exhibited by impaired acetylcholine induced vasodilation...
September 8, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Zhengjun Wang, Qian Ge, Chen Chen, Xinxin Jin, Xiaoyan Cao, Zhezhi Wang
In this study, we cloned a full-length cDNA and the genomic DNA sequence of SmCCoAOMT (GenBank ID JQ007585) from Salvia miltiorrhiza. The 744-bp open-reading frame encodes a protein of 247 amino acids that shares 95 % similarity with one in Vitis vinifera. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that SmCCoAOMT is most highly expressed in the stems and can be induced by methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and XC-1 treatment. To evaluate its function in vivo, we generated RNA interference transgenic plants through Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene transfer...
September 9, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Qixian Rong, Dan Jiang, Yijun Chen, Ye Shen, Qingjun Yuan, Huixin Lin, Liangping Zha, Yan Zhang, Luqi Huang
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, which is also known as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, is widely studied for its ability to accumulate the diterpene quinone Tanshinones. In addition to producing a variety of diterpene quinone, S. miltiorrhiza Bunge also accumulates sterol, brassinosteroid and triterpenoids. During their biosynthesis, squalene synthase (SQS, EC converts two molecules of the hydrophilic substrate farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) into a hydrophobic product, squalene. In the present study, cloning and characterization of S...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Kai Liang, Shuiting Zhai, Zhidong Zhang, Guoquan Wang, Xiaoyang Fu, Tianxiao Li
In order to provide scientific basis for clinical selection of drugs, to compare and analyze the effective constitutes and the intestinal absorption in vivo in rats of the compound salvia tablets and compound salvia dropping pills (taken as the representatives). Determine the contents of tanshinol, protocatechuic aldehyde, salvianolic acid B and tanshinone II A, cryptotanshinone, ginseng saponin Rg1 and Rb1 in the compound salvia tablets and compound salvia dropping pills by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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