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salvia miltiorrhiza

Zhen Long, Paul Gamache, Zhimou Guo, Yuanyuan Pan, Yanhai Zhang, Xiaoda Liu, Yan Jin, LüYe Liu, Lina Liang, Renyong Li
The determination of antioxidants continues to be interested, since the oxidative damage is thought to be one of the main mechanisms involved in nearly all chronic renal pathologies. A highly sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) method was developed for evaluating the antioxidant properties of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Dan Shen). The method was optimized with respect to selectivity and sensitivity. Chromatographic conditions, including mobile phase pH value, buffer concentration, buffer type, organic solvent type, gradient profile and flow rate, were systematically investigated...
August 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Muhammad Ali, Tariq Khan, Kaneez Fatima, Qurat Ul Ain Ali, Muhammad Ovais, Ali Talha Khalil, Ikram Ullah, Abida Raza, Zabta Khan Shinwari, Muhammad Idrees
Insight into the hepatoprotective effects of medicinally important plants is important, both for physicians and researchers. Main reasons for the use of herbal medicine include their lesser cost compared with conventional drugs, lesser undesirable drug reactions and thus high safety, and reduced side effects. The present review focuses on the composition, pharmacology, and results of experimental trials of selected medicinal plants: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phyllanthus amarus Schumach...
October 19, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Chiyeon Lim, Sehyun Lim, Byoungho Lee, Buyeo Kim, Suin Cho
BACKGROUND: The dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix (SR), is one of the most popular medicinal herbs in Asian countries such as China and Korea. In Asian traditional medicine, SR is considered to have a bitter flavor, be slightly cold in nature, and exert therapeutic actions in the heart and liver meridians. Thus, SR has been used to control symptoms related to cardiovascular diseases. Hyperlipidemia is recognized as the main cause of cerebrovascular and heart diseases; consequently, therapeutic strategies for hyperlipidemia have been widely studied...
2017: Chinese Medicine
Hongdie Cai, Shulan Su, Yonghui Li, Huiting Zeng, Zhenhua Zhu, Jianming Guo, Yue Zhu, Sheng Guo, Li Yu, Dawei Qian, Yuping Tang, Jinao Duan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is defined as a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function and associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) is an important Chinese herb used in traditional Chinese medicine with notable effects on CRF. It significantly inhibited the elevation of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and urine protein (UP) in adenine-induced CRF rats, while the action mechanism need to be illuminated deeply...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Da Hye Kim, Pradeep Paudel, Ting Yu, Thi Men Ngo, Jeong Ah Kim, Hyun Ah Jung, Takako Yokozawa, Jae Sue Choi
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a negative regulator that plays an important role in many signaling pathways, especially those associated with insulin resistance. In this study, we investigated the anti-diabetic potential of 12 natural tanshinones isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza (S. miltiorrhiza) Bunge (Lamiaceae), deoxyneocryptotanshinone (1), grandifolia F (2), ferruginol (3), cryptotanshinone (4), tanshinone IIA (5), tanshinol B (6), tanshinone IIB (7), tanshinonal (8), methyl tanshinonate (9), 15,16-dihydrotanshinone I (10), tanshinone I (11), and dehydrodanshenol A (12) and evaluated their inhibitory activity against PTP1B...
October 12, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
Yu-Fang Zhang, Xi-Tong Ke, Bao-Cai Li, Cheng Xiang, Song Zhao
Erigeron breviscapus injection(DZXI) and Breviscapus injection(DZSI) are two popular injections in treatment of acute ischemic stroke in China. Both of them are manufactured from a same herbal medicine, E. breviscapus, but DZXI is an herbal extract(mixture) preparation and DZSI is a pure compound injection. This article was aimed to systemically evaluate and compare their efficacy and safety in treatment of acute ischemic stroke. The randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were collected for comparing DZXI and DZSI with Salvia miltiorrhiza injection(FDI) as the medium, and they were compared with indirect Meta-analysis(ITC)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Amina M Medhat, Khaled Sh Azab, Mahmoud M Said, Neama M El Fatih, Nermeen M El Bakary
Considerable attention has been paid to the introduction of novel naturally occurring plant-derived radiosensitizer compounds in order to augment the radiation efficacy and improve the treatment outcome of different tumors. This study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the antitumor, antiangiogeneic, and synergistic radiosensitizing effects of apigenin, a dietary flavonoid, and/or cryptotanshinone, a terpenoid isolated from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza, against the growth of solid Ehrlich carcinoma in female mice...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Wenwen Zhao, Haitao Feng, Shuhui Guo, Yantao Han, Xiuping Chen
ICAM-1 overexpression and subsequent adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells play critical roles in the early stage of atherosclerosis. Danshenol A (DA) is an abietane-type diterpenoid isolated from traditional Chinese herb Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. The mechanisms under its regulation of adhesion of molecular expression are explored. Here, the effect of DA on TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression was investigated in endothelial cells. TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression and subsequent adhesion of monocytes, as well as elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and NOX4 expression were all significantly reversed by DA, siNOX4 and NOX4 inhibitor GKT137831...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Bin Huang, Zhong-Yan Zhou, Shang Li, Xiao-Hui Huang, Jing-Yi Tang, Maggie Pui Man Hoi, Simon Ming Yuen Lee
Defects in vascular integrity in cerebrovasculature lead to serious pathologies including hemorrhagic stroke. The stability of cell adhesion junctions and actin-myosin contractile machinery are two major determinants for the integrity of endothelial monolayer. Here we have evaluated the protective effects of tanshinone I (Tan I), a lipophilic compound presents in Salvia miltiorrhiza, against atorvastatin-induced cerebral hemorrhage in zebrafish in vivo, and further dissected the molecular mechanisms in HUVECs...
October 7, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Qing Dong, Hua-Tao Yu, Yun-Tao Dai, Jung Chao, Zi-Quan Fan, Dan-Dan Wang, Chao Zhu, Shi-Lin Chen
The quality of Danshen extract granules on market is largely different from each other mainly due to the heterogeneous quality of raw materials of Salvia miltiorrhiza, various producing procedures and lack of good quality evaluation method. Formula granule and "standard decoction" have the same quality. In this paper, a systematic evaluation method for the quality of Danshen decoction was established from the perspective of "standard decoction", in order to explore the main factors affecting the quality uniformity of Danshen extract granules...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Xiaowei Ma, Weiwei Xu, Zhongxia Zhang, Na Liu, Jie Yang, Mingwei Wang, Yanyong Wang
BackgroundAims: Salvianolic acid B (SalB) is a natural polyphenolic compound enriched in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. Our study was designed to explore the role of Sal B on cognitive impairment in vascular dementia (VD) model rats, as well as its possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 15 for each group): Control group, Sal B group (normal Sprague Dawley rats treated with Sal B), VD group and VD + Sal B group. The VD group rats were established by permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO)...
October 9, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Haoshi Gao, Hongzhang Huang, Aini Zheng, Nuojun Yu, Ning Li
In this study, we analyzed danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) constituents using biopartitioning and microemulsion high-performance liquid chromatography (MELC). The quantitative retention-activity relationships (QRARs) of the constituents were established to model their pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters and chromatographic retention data, and generate their biological effectiveness fingerprints. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was established to determine the abundance of the extracted danshen constituents, such as sodium danshensu, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, protocatechuic aldehyde, cryptotanshinone, and tanshinone IIA...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Ji-Liang Cao, Song-Song Wang, Hao Hu, Cheng-Wei He, Jian-Bo Wan, Huan-Xing Su, Yi-Tao Wang, Peng Li
In the present study, a system was developed for the analysis of phenolic acids in Salvia miltiorrhiza using online comprehensive two-dimensional hydrophilic interaction chromatography and reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to a DAD detector and hybrid linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (HILIC×RP-DAD-ESI/HRMS/MS(n)). The system was configured based on the combination of an XBridge Amide column (150mm×4.6mm, 3.5μm) and Accucore PFP column (50mm×4.6mm, 2.6μm) for the first and second dimensions, respectively...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Zhenqing Bai, Pengguo Xia, Ruilin Wang, Jie Jiao, Mei Ru, Jingling Liu, Zongsuo Liang
The gibberellin-responsive element binding factor (GRAS) family of proteins plays an important role in the transcriptional regulation of plant development and hormone signaling. To date, there are no reports on GRAS family proteins expressed in Salvia miltiorrhiza. In this study, 28 ESTs that contained the GRAS domain were identified from a S. miltiorrhiza cDNA library. Of these, full-length sequences of five genes were cloned and sequence analysis indicated that all five proteins contain only one GRAS domain and therefore, belong to the GRAS family...
2017: PloS One
Yan-Yan Jia, Mei Ru, Wei-Bo Jin, Zong-Suo Liang
Sucrose non-fermenting 1-related protein kinase 2(SnRK2) plays a key role in abiotic stress signaling in plants. In this study, we cloned a SmSnRK2.4 gene belonging to subclass I of SnRK2 from Salvia miltiorrhiza by screening its transcriptome database. The SmSnRK2.4 gene contains 8 introns and 9 exons, with a 1 068 bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 355 amino acids, the predicted molecular mass of which is 40.63 kDa. Prokaryotic expression of SmSnRK2.4 protein using pMAL-c2X as the expression vector displayed that the recombinant protein of SmSnRK2...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Lin An, Mei Zhou, Faiz M M T Marikar, Xue-Wen Hu, Qiu-Yun Miao, Ping Li, Jun Chen
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common cause of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, which can be triggered by oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated the renoprotective effect of the ethyl acetate extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza (EASM) on DN and examined the underlying molecular mechanism. We observed that EASM treatment attenuated metabolic abnormalities associated with hyperglycemic conditions in the experimental DN model. In streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mice, EASM treatment reduced albuminuria, improved renal function and alleviated the pathological alterations within the glomerulus...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Ying Wang, Hui-Lan Lu, Yong-Dong Liu, Li-Yun Yang, Qing-Kun Jiang, Xiao-Jun Zhu, Hua-Nan Fan, Yong Qian
Cryptotanshinone, a natural compound isolated from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge (Danshen), has been found to induce cancer cells apoptosis and impair cell migration and invasion in various malignancies, but its antiproliferation and chemosensitization effects of Cryptotanshinone on tongue squamous cell carcinoma(TSCC)still remain fully elucidated. In this study, the effects of Cryptotanshinone on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of human TSCC cells, including CAL 27 and SCC 9 cells, were measured...
September 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jia-Liang Gao, Guang Chen, Qing-Yong He, Jun Li, Jie Wang
To analyze the medication characteristics and compatibility rules in treatment of Qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. Chinese patent medicine prescriptions for Qi stagnation and blood stasis were collected from the 2015 edition of Pharmacopoeia of the people's Republic of China(herein after referred to as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) and Drug Standards of the People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Health-Chinese Patent Drug(herein after referred to as Chinese Patent Drug). Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system(TCMISS V2...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Qian Wang, Geng-Zhen Yao, Guang-Ming Pan, Jing-Yi Huang, Yi-Pei An, Xu Zou
To analyze the medication features and the regularity of prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure based on modern literature. In this article, CNKI Chinese academic journal database, Wanfang Chinese academic journal database and VIP Chinese periodical database were all searched from January 2000 to December 2015 for the relevant literature on traditional Chinese medicine treatment for Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome of chronic heart failure...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Min Liu, Wen-Li Huang, Xiao Wang, Rui-Han Wan, Hai Wang, Zhu-Yun Yan
The study is aimed to estimate the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in the main producing areas of Salvia miltiorrhiza.Diversity of AMF was surveyed directly on spores isolated from the field soil, collected from 20 sites of 8 provinces. Identification of the AMF was made by observation of spore morphology. At least 27 recognized AMF species were identified in samples from field soil, belonging to seven genera of AMF-Acaulospora, Glomus, Funneliformis, Ambispora, Rhizophagus, Pacispora, and Claroideoglomus...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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