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Diabetus mellitus

Şafak Özdemirci, Erhan Demirdağ, Taner Kasapoğlu, Ertuğrul Karahanoğlu, Emre Başer, Serdar Yalvaç, Ömer Lütfi Tapisiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance of vaginal bleeding in pregnant women between 14th and 22th gestational weeks. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted between September 2010 and December 2013. Two-hundred nineteen pregnant women with vaginal bleeding between 14th and 22th gestational weeks were compared with 325 pregnant women without vaginal bleeding for their maternal and early neonatal outcomes. RESULTS: Mean gestational age and birth weight of study group were significantly different from those of the control group respectively (37...
October 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Carmen Tiutiuca
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlations between central corneal thickness and type 1 diabetes in children. METHODS: Central corneal thickness was measured for one hundred children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (study group) and one hundred healthy children (control group), using TOPCON TRK-1P autorefractokeratotonometer. RESULTS: The average central corneal thickness in diabetic children was 541.13 +/- 30,985 microns for the right eye and 538...
2013: Oftalmologia
R S Akchurin, É E Vlasova, K V Mershin
Nearly 40-year experience of surgical treatment of coronary heart disease testifies to higher coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality rates among diabetes mellitus patients in comparison to non-diabetic patients. At the same time, comparative study of CHD treatment methods efficacy in diabetes mellitus patients has shown that surgery is preferred to angioplasty, especially in the most severe cases--in presence of coronary occlusion, insulin-dependent diabetes and left-ventricle dysfunction. More inferior results of coronary bypass surgery in diabetic patients in comaparison to non-diabetic were conditional on a more pronounced arterial calcinosis and diffuse distal arterial involvement, as well as more severe aortal ateromatosis, flebopathy and more often wound infection occurrence...
2012: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
B Petrushev, C Tomuleasa, O Soritau, M Aldea, T Pop, S Susman, G Kacso, I Berindan, A Irimie, V Cristea
OBJECTIVES: Metformin, the most used oral antidiabetic drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetus mellitus, has proved encouraging results when used in the treatment of various types of cancer such as triple-negative breast cancer. Despite compelling evidence of a role of metformin as an anticancer drug, the mechanisms by which metformin exerts its oncostatic actions are not fully understood yet. Therefore, we tried to bring new insights by analyzing the anti-neoplastic effect of metformin for hepatocellular carcinoma-derived stem-like cells treated with conventional combination chemotherapy...
2012: Experimental Oncology
Maria Simion, Daniela Selaru
Diabetus mellitus is associated with numerous ocular complications. Diabetic keratopathy occurs in response to a neuropathy of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve, but also as a result of epithelial subclinical abnormalities, limbal vasculopathy and decrease in tear production. It comprises several symptomatic corneal conditions inducing superficial punctate keratopathy and persistent corneal epithelial erosions; the latter can progress to corneal ulceration and is often resistant to routine clinical management...
2011: Oftalmologia
A O Shpakov, O V Chistiakova, K V Derkach, I V Moĭseiuk, V M Bondareva
Functional activity of hormanal signaling systems and their sensitivity to regulatory actions of hormones in diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications are altered. The activity of receptor forms of guanylyl cyclases (rGC) sensitive to natriuretic peptides, ANP and CNP, in tissues of female rats with 240-days neonatal streptozotocin DM and the influence of intranasal administration of insulin and serotonin (6 weeks, daily dose is 0.48 IU of insulin or 20 microg of serotonin to rat) on this activity were studied...
2011: Tsitologiia
Adriana Neckell, M Munteanu
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of diabetic retinopathy during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study regarding 16 pregnant patients, with type 1 diabetes mellitus and variable retinal changes before the pregnancy: without retinal changes (5 cases), minimal diabetic retinopathy (7 cases), severe diabetic retinopathy (3 cases), proliferative diabetic retinopathy with panphotocoagulation before the pregnancy (1 case). The patients had a complete general and ocular investigation...
2009: Oftalmologia
E Duron, Olivier Hanon
Dementia is one of the most important neurological disorders in the elderly. Aging is associated with a large increase in the prevalence and incidence of degenerative (Alzheimer's disease) and vascular dementia, leading to a devastating loss of autonomy. In view of the increasing longevity of populations worldwide, prevention of dementia has turned into a major public health challenge. In the past decade, several vascular risk factors have been found to be associated with vascular dementia but also Alzheimer's disease...
2008: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Sang-Won Yeo, Dong-Hee Lee, Beom-Cho Jun, Ki-Hong Chang, Yong-Soo Park
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prognostic factors in Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome (HZO). METHODS: A retrospective, institutional review board-approved study at a university-based hospital. A total of 81 patients consisting of 55 Bell's palsy patients and 26 HZO patients were enrolled in this study. The treatment consisted uniformly in all cases, and acyclovir was administered in the case of Ramsay Hunt syndrome. All patients were followed up until they recovered or for least up 6 months...
June 2007: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
B Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1906: Biochemical Journal
C Crétolle, P de Lonlay, F Sauvat, F Brunelle, J Rahier, J M Saudubray, C Nihoul-Fékété
Congenital hyperinsulinism of infancy is a severe disease that leads to important brain damage. Two different forms of the disease have been identified by pathologists: a diffuse and a focal form. A specific genetic anomaly identified in focal forms has never been described in diffuse ones. However, for most of authors, failure of medical treatment results in near-total pancreatectomy in all cases, which ends in diabetus. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the results of elective partial pancreatectomy performed in 60 cases of focal form of hyperinsulinism over the last 18 years...
March 2005: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Remzi Altin, Hüseyin Ozdemir, Kamran Mahmutyazicioğlu, Levent Kart, Lokman Uzun, Tülay Ozer, Ahmet Savranlar, Mustafa Aydin
PURPOSE: An increased intima-media thickness (IMT) in the carotid arteries is a marker of generalized atherosclerosis, and it has been associated with a high risk of stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have an increase in atherosclerotic indicators in the carotid arteries. METHODS: We studied 30 men with severe OSAS who had an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of at least 20. IMT measurement and the presence of stenotic occlusive lesions in the carotid arteries (right common carotid artery [RCCA], right bulb [Rbulb], right internal carotid artery [RICA], left common carotid artery [LCCA], left bulb [Lbulb], and left internal carotid artery [LICA]) were investigated by high-resolution sonography...
February 2005: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
George McHedlishvili
Hemorheological properties and disorders are very specific in the microcirculation since blood is actually not a fluid in the capillaries and in the adjacent arterioles and venules. This is because almost half of the blood volume constitutes the red and white blood cells whose size is commensurable with the microvessels lumen. Based on perennial investigations we concluded that the advancement of blood in capillaries is primarily dependent on the "structure" of the flowing blood that determines the resistance to blood advancement in the microvessels rather than on the well-known hydrodynamic relationships characteristic for the larger blood vessels...
2004: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 1951: Nordisk Medicin
A A Dovlatian, A V Kasabov
The authors present treatment policy in acute pyelonephritis (AP) associated with diabetus mellitus (DM) and analyse treatment efficacy basing on the material on 214 patients. A clinical course of AP in the presence of DM has some specific features. The disease manifests primarily with clinico-laboratory signs of DM decompensation. Lack of insulin therapy effect in DM decompensated patients indirectly points to acute, especially purulent, pyelonephritis. High temperature, abnormal leukocytic blood picture, leukocyturia, hypercreatininemia in patients with insulin-resistent DM demands urological examination...
November 2003: Urologii︠a︡
M I Kably, F Elamraoui, N Chikhaoui
Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare and severe form of acute pyelonephritis. Escherichia coli accounts for 60% of the cases. Predisposing factors are: diabetus mellitus, recent urinary tract infection and obstruction. There is a female predominance (2/1). Conventional radiography reveals the renal emphysema in 85% of the cases. Ultrasonography shows hyperechoic areas corresponding to the gaz. CT scan is the best technique, allowing the exact localization of the gaz inside the renal parenchyma. The natural course of the disease allows its radiologic classification in 4 grades...
October 2003: Annales D'urologie
J Wyzgal, U Oldakowska-Jedynak, L Paczek, M Michalska, J Ziolkowski, L Soluch, D Zygier, J Sanko-Resmer, L Gradowska, M Niewczas, Z Galazka, M Pacholczyk, M Durlik
BACKGROUND: The development of postransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a serious complication of kidney transplantation. PTDM has a major impact on quality of life decreasing rates of patient and graft survival. It is well known that some currently used immunosuppressants are diabetogenic. Greater diabetogenicity of FK-506 has been reported in multicenter trials. We initiated a study of conversion from tacrolimus (FK-506) to cyclosporine (CsA) among kidney allograft recipients presenting with PTDM to evaluate whether this maneuver would ameliorate a diabetic state...
September 2003: Transplantation Proceedings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1962: Medicinski Glasnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 1953: Nordisk Medicin
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