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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909563/community-pharmacists-perspectives-on-implementation-of-medicines-use-review-in-slovenia
#1
Urska Nabergoj Makovec, Mitja Kos, Nina Pisk
Background In December 2014 Slovene Chamber of Pharmacies defined procedures for Medicines Use Review (MUR) in Slovenia, together with an educational program and certification to ensure pharmacists' competency to perform MUR. The first 15 pharmacists were certified in June 2015 and implemented the service in their practices. Objective This study aimed to understand the implementation of MUR from the perspectives of the first community pharmacists providing the service in practice. Methods A focus group with first MUR providers took place in February 2016, 6 months after the first pharmacists were certified to provide MUR service...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909405/long-story-short-an-introduction-to-the-short-term-and-long-term-six-sigma-quality-and-its-importance-in-the-laboratory-medicine-for-the-management-of-extra-analytical-processes
#2
Cristiano Ialongo, Sergio Bernardini
There is a compelling need for quality tools that enable effective control of the extra-analytical phase. In this regard, Six Sigma seems to offer a valid methodological and conceptual opportunity, and in recent times, the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine has adopted it for indicating the performance requirements for non-analytical laboratory processes. However, the Six Sigma implies a distinction between short-term and long-term quality that is based on the dynamics of the processes...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908352/man1b-cdg-novel-variants-with-a-distinct-phenotype-and-review-of-literature
#3
Meena Balasubramanian, Diana S Johnson
BACKGROUND: Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of rare metabolic diseases due to impaired lipid and protein glycosylation. It comprises a characteristic high frequency of intellectual disability (ID) and a wide range of clinical phenotypes. OBJECTIVE: (s): To identify the underlying diagnosis in two families each with two siblings with variable level of ID through trio whole exome sequencing. METHODS: Both the families were recruited to the Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) study to identify the aetiology for their ID...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907884/availability-and-affordability-of-essential-medicines-implications-for-global-diabetes-treatment
#4
REVIEW
David Beran, Margaret Ewen, Kasia Lipska, Irl B Hirsch, John S Yudkin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight the key issues with regard to the value, affordability, and availability of diabetes treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Many of the medicines needed to manage diabetes are available as generics and, if purchased appropriately, can be made affordable to many individuals and systems. With new treatments for diabetes, additional costs to individuals and systems need to be assessed in terms of added clinical benefit and financial impact...
June 16, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907602/improvised-first-aid-techniques-for-terrorist-attacks
#5
EDITORIAL
Andrew Loftus, Harvey Pynn, Paul Parker
Terrorist acts occur every day around the world. Healthcare professionals are often present as bystander survivors in these situations, with none of the equipment or infrastructure they rely on in their day-to-day practice. Within several countries there has been a move to disseminate the actions to take in the event of such attacks: in the UK, Run, Hide, Tell , and in the USA, Fight Back This paper outlines how a very basic medical knowledge combined with everyday high-street items can render highly effective first aid and save lives...
June 15, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907423/understanding-the-impact-of-sex-and-gender-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-call-to-action
#6
Rebecca A Nebel, Neelum T Aggarwal, Lisa L Barnes, Aimee Gallagher, Jill M Goldstein, Kejal Kantarci, Monica P Mallampalli, Elizabeth C Mormino, Laura Scott, Wai Haung Yu, Pauline M Maki, Michelle M Mielke
INTRODUCTION: Precision medicine methodologies and approaches have advanced our understanding of the clinical presentation, development, progression, and management of Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. However, sex and gender have not yet been adequately integrated into many of these approaches. METHODS: The Society for Women's Health Research Interdisciplinary Network on AD, comprised of an expert panel of scientists and clinicians, reviewed ongoing and published research related to sex and gender differences in AD...
May 31, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907267/critical-care-airway-management
#7
REVIEW
Etieno U Umobong, Paul H Mayo
Critical care airway management is associated with a variety of complications, including severe oxygen desaturation, life-threatening hypotension, and death. This article reviews aspects of airway management that are relevant to intensivists and emergency medicine clinicians tasked with improving the quality of urgent endotracheal intubation in the critically ill patient.
July 2018: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907175/-hypnoanalgesia-a-complementary-therapy-for-painful-care-procedures
#8
Jean-Guy Martinez, Marie-Pierre Delaunay, Nathalie Tomasso, Alexandre Guy, Thierry Joffre
In the framework of the management of patients receiving hyperbaric oxygen therapy, hypnoanalgesia is a complementary pain management tool, notably during the changing of dressings. Trained in this management of care-related pain, the teams of the hypebaric medicine centre in Lyon share their experience.
June 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907171/-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-treatment-and-orientation
#9
Thibaut Le Corfec, Olga Maurin, Stéphane Foucher, Kilian Bertho, Hugues Lefort
Colourless and odourless, each year carbon monoxide is responsible for several thousand cases of poisoning. Often collective, their symptoms are non specific and can result in serious neurological sequelae or even death, if they are not detected in time. The (pre-) hospital emergency nurse plays an important role in the management of these patients, in terms of assessment, treatment and monitoring as well as the organisation of the admittance of victims, categorisation and medical triage. As part of a team, the nurse ensures that the patient enters an adapted, regulated pathway, with the most serious cases being directed towards a hospital equipped with a hyperbaric medicine facility...
June 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907156/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-edible-fungi-in-chuxiong-city-yunnan-china
#10
Dongyang Liu, Hong Cheng, Rainer W Bussmann, Zhiyong Guo, Bo Liu, Chunlin Long
BACKGROUND: Chuxiong, known as "the City of Fungi," is rich in fungal resources and traditional knowledge related to fungal biodiversity. The local environment is an excellent habitat for a wide variety of edible fungi. In addition, the region is home to many ethnic minorities and especially the Yi ethnic group who has a long history for traditionally using fungi as food or medicine. The aims of this review are to provide up-to-date information on the knowledge about, and traditional management of, fungi in this area and give advice on future utilization and conservation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906381/points-pearls-management-of-multiply-injured-pediatric-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Andria Tatem, Rupa Kapoor, Bryan Wilson
Management of the child with multiple traumatic injuries can be challenging, and important injuries may not be readily recognized. Early recognition of serious injuries, initiation of appropriate diagnostic studies, and rapid stabilization of injuries are key to decreasing morbidity and mortality in the multiply injured pediatric trauma patient. The differential diagnosis for these patients is wide, and treatment is targeted to the specific injuries. In this issue, a systematic approach to the multiply injured pediatric patient will be reviewed, with specific attention to commonly missed injuries and those injuries that may cause significant morbidity or mortality...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906380/points-pearls-managing-shoulder-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-fracture-dislocation-and-overuse
#12
Richard Pescatore, Andrew Nyce, Nachi Gupta, Jeffrey Nusbaum
The complex structures of the shoulder can be injured by fracture, dislocation, and overuse, and correctly identifying and classifying injury is essential to avoiding pain, disability, and life- and limb-threatening complications. This issue presents a systematic approach to classifying shoulder injuries based on the mechanism of injury and clinical presentation, choosing appropriate imaging, and determining the best strategies for treatment, including reduction, surgical consultation, or outpatient referral...
June 1, 2018: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905094/development-of-a-digital-clinical-pathway-for-emergency-medicine-lessons-from-usability-testing-and-implementation-failure
#13
Marc Gutenstein, John W Pickering, Martin Than
Clinical pathways are used to support the management of patients in emergency departments. An existing document-based clinical pathway was used as the foundation on which to design and build a digital clinical pathway for acute chest pain, with the aim of improving clinical calculations, clinician decision-making, documentation, and data collection. Established principles of decision support system design were used to build an application within the existing electronic health record, before testing with a multidisciplinary team of doctors using a think-aloud protocol...
June 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905060/therapeutic-options-to-manage-bleeding-in-a-dentist%C3%A2-s-office
#14
Claudio Rostetter, Tim Finkenstädt, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
This manuscript provides an overview of therapeutic options for the problem of bleeding in a dentist’s office. Bleeding after tooth extraction is a very common finding in dental medicine and persistent blood in the mouth is obviously uncomfortable and sometimes terrifying for the patient. Most bleedings can be stopped simply with compression, in some cases a homeostatic therapy is necessary. For local compression, a swab with tranexamic acid is useful. If local compression is not sufficient, sutures are often an option...
June 18, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904884/narrative-medicine-an-innovative-approach-to-migraine-management
#15
Maria Clara Tonini, Paola Chesi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904810/colchicine-in-pericardial-disease-from-the-underlying-biology-and-clinical-benefits-to-the-drug-drug-interactions-in-cardiovascular-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Aldo L Schenone, Venu Menon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is an in-depth review on the mechanism of action, clinical utility, and drug-drug interactions of colchicine in the management of pericardial disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence about therapeutic targets on pericarditis has demonstrated that NALP3 inflammasome blockade is the cornerstone in the clinical benefits of colchicine. Such benefits extend from acute and recurrent pericarditis to transient constriction and post-pericardiotomy syndrome...
June 14, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904594/towards-precision-medicine-the-application-of-omics-technologies-in-asthma-management
#17
Chiara Scelfo, Carla Galeone, Francesca Bertolini, Marco Caminati, Patrizia Ruggiero, Nicola Facciolongo, Francesco Menzella
Asthma is a chronic obstructive respiratory disease characterised by bronchial inflammation. Its biological and clinical features have been widely explored and a number of pharmacological treatments are currently available. Currently several aspects of asthma pathophysiological background remain unclear, and this is represent a limitation for the traditional asthma phenotype approach. In this scenario, the identification of new molecular and clinical biomarkers may be helpful in order to better understand the disease, define specific diagnostic tools and highlight relevant novel targets for pharmacological treatments...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904406/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-biqi-capsule-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#18
Xiu-Min Chen, Jia-Qi Wu, Qing-Chun Huang, Jian-Yong Zhang, Jian-Hong Pen, Zhi-Sheng Huang, Yong-Liang Chu, Xiao-Hong He, Mao-Jie Wang, Run-Yue Huang
Biqi capsule is a Traditional Chinese Medicine preparation for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and clinical studies have indicatedthat its effect may be more beneficial than that of Western medicine. The present study aimed to estimate the efficacy and safety of Biqi capsule alone or combined with methotrexate (MTX) compared with MTX alone for treating RA by performing a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials. A systematic literature search of studies published until March 2017 was performed...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904320/facilitators-and-barriers-to-ad-hoc-team-performance
#19
Bobbie Ann A White, Angela Eklund, Tresa McNeal, Angie Hochhalter, Alejandro C Arroliga
Most teams in hospital medicine are ad hoc, meaning that the teams vary in participants. Ad hoc teams can be found in academic teaching hospitals where team members change across shifts and rotations. Due to varying team membership, these teams face significant hurdles, because they lack an opportunity to develop a team identity, shared mental models, and trust. This article discusses facilitators and barriers to effective functioning of ad hoc teams. Communication, conflict management, power, and leadership are areas that either serve as facilitators or barriers to positive team function...
July 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904162/when-genomic-medicine-reveals-misattributed-genetic-relationships-the-debate-about-disclosure-revisited
#20
C F Wright, M Parker, A M Lucassen
PURPOSE: Accidental discovery of misattributed parentage is an age-old problem in clinical medicine, but the ability to detect it routinely has increased recently as a result of high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies coupled with family sequencing studies. Problems arise at the clinical-research boundary, where policies and consent forms guaranteeing nondisclosure may conflict with standard clinical care. METHODS: To examine the challenges of managing misattributed parentage within hybrid translational research studies, we used a case study of a developmentally delayed child with a candidate variant found through a large-scale trio genome sequencing study in which data from unrelated samples were routinely excluded...
June 14, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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