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citrus pectin

Zijian Zhi, Jianle Chen, Shan Li, Wenjun Wang, Rui Huang, Donghong Liu, Tian Ding, Robert John Linhardt, Shiguo Chen, Xingqian Ye
Pectin, a natural polysaccharide found in the cell wall of most higher plant such as citrus, has drawn much attention due to its potential beneficial role in facilitating the treatment of many diseases like cancer, hyper cholesterol and diabetes. However, the broad application of pectin faces great limitations as the large molecular size of pectin severely prevents its bioavailability in vivo. In this study, we report an effective and highly convenient approach to degrade natural pectin into lower molecular pectin...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Vikky Rajulapati, Arun Goyal
Many phytopathogenic micro-organisms such as bacteria and fungi produce pectin methylesterases (PME) during plant invasion. Plants and insects also produce PME to degrade plant cell wall. In the present study, a thermostable pectin methylesterase (CtPME) from Clostridium thermocellum belonging to family 8 carbohydrate esterase (CE8) was cloned, expressed and purified. The amino acid sequence of CtPME exhibited similarity with pectin methylesterase from Erwinia chrysanthemi with 38% identity. The gene encoding CtPME was cloned into pET28a(+) vector and expressed using Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cells...
March 22, 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
Rong Di, Malathi S Vakkalanka, Chatchaya Onumpai, Hoa K Chau, Andre White, Robert A Rastall, Kit Yam, Arland T Hotchkiss
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing, food-contaminating Escherichia coli (STEC) is a major health concern. Plant-derived pectin and pectic-oligosaccharides (POS) have been considered as prebiotics and for the protection of humans from Stx. Of five structurally different citrus pectic samples, POS1, POS2 and modified citrus pectin 1 (MCP1) were bifidogenic with similar fermentabilities in human faecal cultures and arabinose-rich POS2 had the greatest prebiotic potential. Pectic oligosaccharides also enhanced lactobacilli growth during mixed batch faecal fermentation...
July 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Roula M Abdel-Massih, Elias Baydoun, Salah El-Khatib, Elias Dahdouh
BACKGROUND: Pectin is a heterogeneous polysaccharide present in plants and citrus fruits. It exhibits different beneficial biological activities. Conflicting reports exist about the antimicrobial effect of pectin and its derivatives. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the antimicrobial effect of Modified Citrus Pectin (MCP) against Staphylococcus aureus, a pathogen showing increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. METHODS: Forty-three clinical isolates of S...
March 6, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
Fatiha Arioui, Djamel Ait Saada, Abderrahim Cheriguene
Industrial by-product like orange peel plays an important role in pectin manufacture. The objective of this article was to extract pectin from peel of Citrus sinensis and to study the effect of its incorporation on the quality of yogurt during the period of fermentation and postacidification. Physicochemical, organoleptic, and rheological properties of yogurt prepared with pectin were studied in order to determine the best preparation depending on the rate of pectin. The extraction pectin yield was estimated to more than 24%...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
Dede Abdulrachman, Paweena Thongkred, Kanokarn Kocharin, Monthon Nakpathom, Buppha Somboon, Nootsara Narumol, Verawat Champreda, Lily Eurwilaichitr, Antonius Suwanto, Thidarat Nimchua, Duriya Chantasingh
BACKGROUND: Removal of non-cellulosic impurities from cotton fabric, known as scouring, by conventional alkaline treatment causes environmental problems and reduces physical strength of fabrics. In this study, an endo-polygalacturonase (EndoPG) from Aspergillus aculeatus produced in Pichia pastoris was evaluated for its efficiency as a bioscouring agent while most current bioscouring process has been performed using crude pectinase preparation. RESULTS: The recombinant EndoPG exhibited a specific activity of 1892...
February 16, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
Lucas Vinícius Trindade, Carla Desagiacomo, Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli, André Ricardo de Lima Damasio, Aline Margarete Furuyama Lima, Eleni Gomes, Gustavo Orlando Bonilla-Rodriguez
This work reports the production of an exo-polygalacturonase (exo-PG) by Rhizomucor pusillus A13.36 in submerged cultivation (SmC) in a shaker at 45°C for 96 h. A single pectinase was found and purified in order to analyze its thermal stability, by salt precipitation and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The pectinase has an estimated Mw of approximately 43.5-47 kDa and optimum pH of 4.0 but is stable in pH ranging from 3.5 to 9.5 and has an optimum temperature of 61°C. It presents thermal stability between 30 and 60°C, has 70% activation in the presence of Ca(2+), and was tested using citrus pectin with a degree of methyl esterification (DE) of 26%...
2016: BioMed Research International
Nerea Muñoz-Almagro, Antonia Montilla, F Javier Moreno, Mar Villamiel
Pectin-derived oligosaccharides are emerging as a new generation of functional ingredients with new or improved technological and/or bioactive properties as compared to pectin. This work addresses the impact of power ultrasound (US) on the structure of citrus and apple pectin under different experimental conditions of power, amplitude and pectin concentration in aqueous and acid media, as well as in the presence of a pectinase. Results indicated that depolymerisation of both pectin increased with time and intensity of US in aqueous media and their polydispersity decreased...
December 1, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Amira M Embaby, Ramy R Melika, Ahmed Hussein, Amal H El-Kamel, Heba S Marey
Pectic-Oligosaccharides (POS) have a growing potential in food and feed industries. To satisfy the demand of worldwide markets from POS and avoid the shortcomings of currently applied methodologies encountered in their preparation, the present study highlights a novel robust approach for POS biosynthesis. In the current approach, Aspergillus sp.section Flavi strain EGY1 DSM 101520 was grown on citrus pectin-based medium as a core POS production medium. POS' levels accumulated in the fungal fermentation broth were optimized through a three step sequential statistical mathematical methodology; Plackett-Burman design (PBD), Box-Behnken design (BBD) and canonical analysis...
2016: PloS One
Joanna Mierczyńska, Justyna Cybulska, Artur Zdunek
Yield, properties and functionality of pectins depend on the source material and method of extraction. The objective of this work was to compare pectinolytic enzyme activity in fresh pulp as well as the physicochemical and rheological properties of polysaccharides extracted with citric acid from six new potential sources: fruit materials - peach, blackcurrant, raspberry, strawberry, plum and a vegetable Source: carrot. The uronic acid content of polysaccharides extracted in citric acid depended on pectinolytic enzymes activity in fresh plant tissues and ranged between 16...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ernesto Martinez-Martinez, Jaime Ibarrola, Laurent Calvier, Amaya Fernandez-Celis, Celine Leroy, Victoria Cachofeiro, Patrick Rossignol, Natalia Lopez-Andres
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside-binding lectin, is increased in kidney injury and its pharmacological blockade reduces renal damage in acute kidney injury, hyperaldosteronism or hypertensive nephropathy. We herein investigated the effects of pharmacological Gal-3 inhibition by modified citrus pectin (MCP) in early renal damage associated with obesity and aortic stenosis (AS). RESULTS: Gal-3 was upregulated in kidneys from high fat diet (HFD) rats and in animals with partial occlusion of ascending aorta (AS)...
2016: PloS One
J Rafael Sádaba, Ernesto Martínez-Martínez, Vanessa Arrieta, Virginia Álvarez, Amaya Fernández-Celis, Jaime Ibarrola, Amaia Melero, Patrick Rossignol, Victoria Cachofeiro, Natalia López-Andrés
BACKGROUND: Aortic stenosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease, and calcification plays an important role in the progression of the disease. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a proinflammatory molecule involved in vascular osteogenesis in atherosclerosis. Therefore, we hypothesized that Gal-3 could mediate valve calcification in AS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood samples and aortic valves (AVs) from 77 patients undergoing AV replacement were analyzed. As controls, noncalcified human AVs were obtained at autopsy (n=11)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Laís C Lopes, Fernanda F Simas-Tosin, Thales R Cipriani, Luís F Marchesi, Marcio Vidotti, Izabel C Riegel-Vidotti
Electroactive hydrogels were prepared using commercial citric pectin, either raw (PC) or purified through dialysis (dPC), and chemically synthesized polypyrrole (PPy). (1)H NMR analyses showed that PC is a low methoxyl pectin (degree of methoxylation, DM=46%) and dPC is a high methoxyl pectin (DM=77%). The pyrrole polymerization was monitored through UV-vis spectroscopy and both samples were observed to be good stabilizers for PPy in aqueous medium. The dispersions were used to prepare the hydrogels h-PC-PPy and h-dPC-PPy...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Soumyadeep Chakraborty, Tingirikari Jagan Mohan Rao, Arun Goyal
Recombinant pectate lyase from family 1 polysaccharide lyase (PL1B) was immobilized on synthesized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) after 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride activation. At 70 mg/mL MNPs 100% binding of 1 mg/mL PL1B was achieved. The immobilized PL1B-MNP displayed activity of 20.3 and 18.2 U/mg against polygalacturonic acid and citrus pectin, respectively, which was higher than the activity of free PL1B, on the same substrates of 17.8 and 16.2 U/mg. The immobilized PL1B-MNP showed 32 fold and 14 fold enhanced thermal stability at 80°C and 90°C, respectively as compared with free PL1B at same temperatures...
October 3, 2016: Biotechnology Progress
Tina A J Verrijssen, Stefanie Christiaens, Sarah H E Verkempinck, Jeroen Boeve, Tara Grauwet, Ann M Van Loey, Laura Salvia-Trujillo, Marc E Hendrickx
Citrus pectin (CP) and sugar beet pectin (SBP) were demethoxylated and fully characterized in terms of pectin properties in order to investigate the influence of the pectin degree of methyl-esterification (DM) and the pectin type on the in vitro β-carotene bioaccessibility and lipid digestion in emulsions. For the CP based emulsions containing β-carotene enriched oil, water and pectin, the β-carotene bioaccessibility, and lipid digestion were higher in the emulsions with pectin with a higher DM (57%; "CP57 emulsion") compared to the emulsions with pectin with a lower DM (30%; "CP30 emulsion") showing that the DM plays an important role...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
Mohamed Yassine Sayah, Rachida Chabir, Hamid Benyahia, Youssef Rodi Kandri, Fouad Ouazzani Chahdi, Hanan Touzani, Faouzi Errachidi
Orange (Citrus sinensis) and grapefruit (Citrus paradise) peels were used as a source of pectin, which was extracted under different conditions. The peels are used under two states: fresh and residual (after essential oil extraction). Organic acid (citric acid) and mineral acid (sulfuric acid) were used in the pectin extraction. The aim of this study is the evaluation the effect of extraction conditions on pectin yield, degree of esterification "DE" and on molecular weight "Mw". Results showed that the pectin yield was higher using the residual peels...
2016: PloS One
Hailong Peng, Sha Chen, Mei Luo, Fangjian Ning, Xuemei Zhu, Hua Xiong
In this study, a novel hydrogel (BSA-pectin hydrogel, BPH) was prepared via a self-assembly method by using the natural polymers of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and citrus peel pectin (pectin). The rheological properties and gel conformational structures were determined and showed that electrostatic and covalent interactions between BSA and pectin were the main mechanisms for the formation of BPH. The morphological characteristics of BPH included a stable and solid three-dimensional network structure with a narrow size distribution (polydispersity index <0...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
R R Sharma, O P Awasthi, Kuldeep Kumar
'Kinnow' is a hybrid mandarin, developed at California (USA) but could not become successful there. However, it revolutionized citrus industry in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Recent reports indicate that like other citrus fruits, it also suffers from juice-sac granulation but exact cause of this malady is not known. Fully-mature 'Kinnow' fruits were harvested and observations on some physical and biochemical attributes were recorded and their relationship was established with occurrence of granulation. About 12...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Alessandra Biz, Maura Harumi Sugai-Guérios, Joosu Kuivanen, Hannu Maaheimo, Nadia Krieger, David Alexander Mitchell, Peter Richard
BACKGROUND: Pectin-rich wastes, such as citrus pulp and sugar beet pulp, are produced in considerable amounts by the juice and sugar industry and could be used as raw materials for biorefineries. One possible process in such biorefineries is the hydrolysis of these wastes and the subsequent production of ethanol. However, the ethanol-producing organism of choice, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is not able to catabolize D-galacturonic acid, which represents a considerable amount of the sugars in the hydrolysate, namely, 18 % (w/w) from citrus pulp and 16 % (w/w) sugar beet pulp...
August 18, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Charith A Hettiarachchi, Laurence D Melton, Martin A K Williams, Duncan J McGillivray, Juliet A Gerrard, Simon M Loveday
For the optimal use of β-lactoglobulin nanofibrils as a raw material in biological composites an in-depth knowledge of their interactions with other constituents is necessary. To understand the effect of electrostatic interactions on the morphology of resulting complexes, β-lactoglobulin nanofibrils were allowed to interact with pectins in which the amount of available negative charge was controlled by selecting their degree of methylesterification. In this study, citrus pectins having different degrees of methylesterification (∼48, 67, 86, and 97%) were selected and interacted with nanofibrils at pH 2 and pH 3, where they possess a net positive charge...
November 2016: Biopolymers
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