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S Hogan, M Zapotoczna, N T Stevens, H Humphreys, J P O'Gara, E O'Neill
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of healthcare-associated infections. The ability of S. aureus to attach and subsequently accumulate on the surfaces of implanted medical devices and in host tissues makes infections caused by this pathogen difficult to treat. Current treatments have been shown to have limited effect on surface-associated S. aureus, and may be enhanced by the addition of a dispersal agent. This study assessed the enzymatic agents dispersin B, lysostaphin, alpha amylase, V8 protease and serrapeptase, alone and in combination with vancomycin and rifampicin, against biofilms formed by meticillin-resistant and -susceptible strains of S...
June 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
Lindeka Mangesi, Irena Zakarija-Grkovic
BACKGROUND: Breast engorgement is a painful condition affecting large numbers of women in the early postpartum period. It may lead to premature weaning, cracked nipples, mastitis and breast abscess. Various forms of treatment for engorgement have been studied but so far little evidence has been found on an effective intervention. OBJECTIVES: This is an update of a systematic review first published by Snowden et al. in 2001 and subsequently published in 2010. The objective of this update is to seek new information on the best forms of treatment for breast engorgement in lactating women...
June 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
N N Fadl, H H Ahmed, H F Booles, A H Sayed
Serrapeptase (SP) and nattokinase (NK) are proteolytic enzymes belonging to serine proteases. In this study, we hypothesized that SP and NK could modulate certain factors that are associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology in the experimental model. Oral administration of aluminium chloride (AlCl3) in a dose of 17 mg/kg body weight (bw) daily for 45 days induced AD-like pathology in male rats with a significant increase in brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) activity, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), Fas and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels...
July 2013: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Naoko Kai, Ryo Shirai, Norio Hirata, Atsuko Iwata, Kenji Umeki, Hiroshi Ishii, Kenji Kishi, Issei Tokimatsu, Kazufumi Hiramatsu, Jun-ichi Kadota
A case of eosinophilic pneumonia due to Nicolase (serrapeptase) after recovery from acute eosinophilic pneumonia is described. A 32-year-old woman was previously admitted to another hospital because of acute onset of dyspnea accompanied by cough and fever. Chest X-ray films revealed diffuse infiltration in both lungs two days after her symptoms occurred. Her bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed 13% eosinophils and transbronchial lung biopsy specimen also showed many eosinophils infiltrating in the lesions of the bronchial submucosa and alveolar septa...
March 2009: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
K V Sandhya, S Gayathri Devi, Sam T Mathew
Serrapeptase is an anti-inflammatory, proteolytic enzyme isolated from the microorganism, Serratia sp. HY-6. Very few methods are available for the quantification of serrapeptase. The activity of the enzyme is determined by an ELISA assay, colorimetric method using casein as substrate or by HPLC method. These methods are lengthy, time consuming and require a number of reagents and solvents. Therefore an attempt was made to develop a simple alternative method for regular estimation of drug in formulations. Serrapeptase enzyme was estimated in formulations by using microplate readers which uses the principle of vertical photometry...
October 2008: Current Drug Delivery
T H Al-Khateeb, Y Nusair
The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of serrapeptase to reduce postoperative swelling, pain and trismus after third molar surgery. Twenty-four healthy individuals with symmetrically impacted mandibular third molars underwent surgical removal in a prospective, intra-individual, randomized, double-blind, cross-over study. Teeth were removed in 2 sessions by the same surgeon. At each session, one third molar was removed under local anaesthesia via a buccal osteotomy. All patients received a combination of either serrapeptase 5mg or placebo tablets and 1000 mg paracetamol tablets at either the 1st or 2nd operation in accordance with the randomization plan...
March 2008: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Kenichi Tanabe, Hiromi Tsuboi, Hideki Maejima, Satoru Arai, Kensei Katsuoka
A 68-year-old woman developed an upper respiratory tract infection in November 2002 and was treated with eprazinone hydrochloride, serrapeptase, carbocysteine and clarithromycin. Three days after the start of treatment, the patient noted erythema on her axilla, buttock and inguinal regions. The erythema subsided in 7 days although slight pigmentation remained. However, 7 days later the pigmentation completely disappeared. Oral eprazinone hydrochloride was given as a challenge, and 1 day later the erythema re-appeared in the same areas as on initial presentation (axilla, buttock, and inguinal regions)...
2005: Dermatology Online Journal
Seiichi Nakamura, Yasushi Hashimoto, Masashi Mikami, Eiichi Yamanaka, Tomoyuki Soma, Mitsunori Hino, Arata Azuma, Shoji Kudoh
OBJECTIVES: The proteolytic enzyme serrapeptase (SER) is widely used in clinical practice in Japan. We investigated the effect of SER on sputum properties and symptoms in patients with chronic airway diseases. METHODS: This study was an open-labelled trial with a non-treatment control group. Patients were randomly assigned to oral treatment with (n = 15) and without (n = 14) SER 30 mg/day for 4 weeks. Patients collected sputum samples for about 4 h in the morning on the day the trial began and 4 weeks later...
September 2003: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
S Sasaki, R Kawanami, Y Motizuki, Y Nakahara, T Kawamura, A Tanaka, S Watanabe
An 84-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of fever, cough, and hemoptysis. The patient had acute respiratory failure (PaO2 < 40 mmHg) on admission, with diffuse interstitial infiltration and bilateral pleural effusion. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was bloody, and contained a high percentage of eosinophils (32%). A diagnosis of acute eosinophilic pneumonia was established, and the patient made a rapid recovery after corticosteroids were administered. When the DLST (drug lymphocyte stimulation test) was performed after the corticosteroid therapy was stopped, it was positive for serrapeptase, which had been prescribed for chronic cystitis for 3 months before the onset of the pneumonia...
July 2000: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
N Moriya, M Nakata, M Nakamura, M Takaoka, S Iwasa, K Kato, A Kakinuma
A sensitive sandwich enzyme immunoassay (e.i.a.) for serrapeptase (TSP), an orally available anti-inflammatory proteinase, was established using affinity-purified anti-TSP rabbit IgG and its Fab' fragment conjugated with horseradish peroxidase as the first and the second antibodies respectively. TSP in the plasma was determined by the e.i.a. after its oral administration (100 mg/kg) to rats. The peak concentration was observed between 30 min and 2 h after administration. TSP in the plasma samples was trapped on a microtitre plate coated with the affinity-purified anti-TSP rabbit IgG, and the hydrolysis of a synthetic fluorogenic substrate, butoxycarbonyl-Glu(benzyloxy)-Ala-Arg-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amide, by the trapped TSP was fluorometrically measured (proteinase assay)...
August 1994: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
M Tachibana, O Mizukoshi, Y Harada, K Kawamoto, Y Nakai
A multi-centre, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out to investigate the clinical efficacy of the anti-inflammatory enzyme serrapeptase in a total of 174 patients who underwent Caldwell-Luc antrotomy for chronic empyema. Eighty-eight patients received 10 mg serrapeptase 3 times on the day before operation, once on the night of the operation and 3 times daily for 5 days after operation; the other 86 received placebo. Changes in buccal swelling after operation were observed as a parameter of the response to treatment...
1984: Pharmatherapeutica
T Tanimoto, H Fukuda, T Yamaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1986: Eisei Shikenjo Hōkoku. Bulletin of National Institute of Hygienic Sciences
A Koyama, J Mori, H Tokuda, M Waku, H Anno, T Katayama, K Murakami, H Komatsu, M Hirata, T Arai
Cefotiam (CTM) is a new cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms. Cephalosporins are widely used for prophylaxis of infections in patients undergoing thoracotomy. Augmentation by serrapeptase on tissue permeation of CTM was examined in 35 thoracotomy patients with lung cancer. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the method of the administration of CTM. Group I consisted of 17 subjects, each of whom received a single dose of 2 g of CTM alone by an instillation for 30 minutes...
March 1986: Japanese Journal of Antibiotics
T Ijitsu, K Yonezawa, M Ueno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1986: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
K Hirahara, T Saitoh, I Terada, K Uno, A Nagai, S Kioi, M Arakawa
A case of pneumonitis due to Serrapeptase was described. A 69-year-old man was treated with Serrapeptase for 16 days because of common cold, then fever, nonproductive cough and dyspnea developed and chest X-ray revealed diffuse fine granular shadows in bilateral lung fields. Once the administration of Serrapeptase was halted, symptoms, chest X-ray abnormalities and laboratory data improved markedly. The fraction of lymphocytes increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and OKT4/T8 decreased. Microscopic examination of transbronchial lung biopsy showed interstitial pneumonia...
October 1989: Nihon Kyōbu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi
W H Kee, S L Tan, V Lee, Y M Salmon
We evaluated an anti-inflammatory enzyme drug Danzen (Serrapeptase: Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.) on 70 patients complaining of breast engorgement. These patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, a treatment group and a placebo group. A single observer, unaware of the group the patients were in, assessed the severity of each of the symptoms and signs of breast engorgement before treatment was commenced, and daily for 3 days, during which therapy was administered. Danzen was noted to be superior to placebo for improvement of breast pain, breast swelling and induration and while 85...
February 1989: Singapore Medical Journal
P M Esch, H Gerngross, A Fabian
Using a quantitative standardized procedure, the swelling of the ankle produced by supination trauma was measured. In the 66 patients with fresh rupture of the lateral ligament treated surgically at our Department between December 1986 and April 1987, a prospective study of the effect of serrapeptase (Aniflazym) on post-operative swelling and pain was carried out in 3 randomized groups of patients. In the group receiving the test substance, the swelling had decreased by 50% on the third post-operative day, while in the other two control groups (elevation of the leg, bed rest, with and without the application of ice) no reduction in swelling had occurred at that time...
February 10, 1989: Fortschritte der Medizin
H A Merten, K Müller, F Drubel, F Halling
Preventive edema protection using Serrapeptase after standardized one-stage osteotomy procedures of 4 third molars was verified by means of an opto-electronic measuring instrument. This measuring technique proved to be a sensitive tool for demonstrating the efficacy of Serrapeptase in reducing postoperative edema. Although statistically significant, the reduction of soft tissue swelling was only approximately 15% when compared with a patient group without Serrapeptase medication.
July 1991: Deutsche Zeitschrift Für Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichts-Chirurgie
Y Yokota, A Kagami, A Nagano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 1992: Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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