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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717672/antiatherogenic-potential-of-extracts-from-the-gray-oyster-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-pulmonarius-agaricomycetes-in-vitro
#1
Mohamad Hamdi Zainal Abidin, Noorlidah Abdullah, Nurhayati Zainal Abidin
This study evaluates the in vitro inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA) by Pleurotus pulmonarius extracts. The protective effect on the endothelial membrane against oxidative stress through the protection of nitric oxide bioavailability, as well as inhibition of endocan expression, was evaluated using human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Crude cold aqueous extract exhibited the most potent inhibitory activities against ACE and HMG-CoA reductase, with 61...
2018: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710838/assessment-of-genetic-diversity-among-pleurotus-spp-isolates-from-jordan
#2
Hanan Aref Hasan, Ahmad Mohamad Almomany, Shireen Hasan, Ayed M Al-Abdallat
Pleurotus is considered an important genus that belongs to the family Pleurotaceae and includes the edible King Oyster mushroom ( Pleurotus eryngii ). In the present study, 19 Pleurotus isolates were collected from two locations in the north of Jordan (Tell ar-Rumman and Um-Qais). The morphological characteristics among collected isolates revealed that there was a morphological similarity among the collected isolates. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS1⁻5.8S rDNA⁻ITS4 region) and 28S nuclear large subunit (nLSU) in the ribosomal DNA gene of the isolated stains showed that all of them share over 98% sequence similarity with P...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564093/bioprospecting-of-powdered-pineapple-rind-as-an-organic-supplement-of-composted-sawdust-for-pleurotus-ostreatus-mushroom-cultivation
#3
Deborah L Narh Mensah, Peter Addo, Matilda Dzomeku, Mary Obodai
Pineapple rind is a by-product of the pineapple processing industry and contains nutrients and other compounds which must be utilized as a bioresource for socio-economic benefits while preventing the potential problems of improper agroindustrial biomass disposal methods. Pleurotus ostreatus is an edible oyster mushroom with medicinal properties and can be cultivated on various agroindustrial biomass, including sawdust containing supplements. Pineapple rind was powdered and used as a supplement of composted sawdust at 2%, 5%, 10%, 12%, 15%, and 20% (w/w) on dry weight basis...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432964/partially-methylated-galactans-containing-different-proportions-of-3-o-methyl-galactose-from-pleurotus-citrinopileatus
#4
Dayane R Brito, Elaine R Carbonero, Sthefany R F Viana, Estefânia V Silva, Andrea Caroline Ruthes, Luciano M Lião, Marcello Iacomini
Pleurotus citrinopileatus, popularly known as "golden oyster mushroom" have medicinal properties, which are attributed mainly to the presence of bioactive polysaccharides. In this work, two partially 3-O-methylated galactans were isolated from the fruiting bodies of this fungus, via successive aqueous extraction, followed by fractionation by freeze-thawing, and precipitation of soluble material with Fehling solution. The structural assignments were carried out using mono- and bidimensional NMR spectroscopy, monosaccharide composition, and methylation analyses...
March 22, 2018: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307062/different-residue-behaviors-of-four-pesticides-in-mushroom-using-two-different-application-methods
#5
Pengqiang Du, Xiaohu Wu, Jun Xu, Fengshou Dong, Yingchun Shi, Yuanbo Li, Xingang Liu, Yongquan Zheng
Pesticide residue in mushrooms is less known. In this study, the risks of beta-cypermethrin, pyriproxyfen, avermectin, and diflubenzuron in oyster and shiitake mushrooms were evaluated using two different treatments: substrate mixture and surface spraying. Almost all the concentrations of these pesticides at day 90 were higher than 80% of the initial concentrations, while it was less than 45% for all cases within 35 days by spraying. For surface spraying, the residues of beta-cypermethrin were 0.0843-1.22 mg kg-1 in shiitake mushrooms and below 0...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245037/production-of-bio-fertilizer-from-microwave-vacuum-pyrolysis-of-palm-kernel-shell-for-cultivation-of-oyster-mushroom-pleurotus-ostreatus
#6
Wai Lun Nam, Xue Yee Phang, Man Huan Su, Rock Keey Liew, Nyuk Ling Ma, Mohd Haqqi Nazilli Bin Rosli, Su Shiung Lam
Microwave vacuum pyrolysis of palm kernel shell (PKS) was performed to produce biochar, which was then tested as bio-fertilizer in growing Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). The pyrolysis approach produced biochar containing a highly porous structure with a high BET surface area of up to 270m2 /g and low moisture content (≤10wt%), exhibiting desirable adsorption properties to be used as bio-fertilizer since it can act as a housing that provides many sites on which living microorganisms (mycelium or plant-growth promoting bacteria) and organic nutrients can be attached or adsorbed onto...
May 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199562/immunomodulatory-effects-of-extracellular-%C3%AE-glucan-isolated-from-the-king-oyster-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-agaricomycetes-and-its-sulfated-form-on-signaling-molecules-involved-in-innate-immunity
#7
Yong Hyun Kim, Eui-Gil Jung, Kook-Il Han, Bharat Bhusan Patnaik, Hyun-Jung Kwon, Hyoun-Su Lee, Wan Jong Kim, Man-Deuk Han
The aim of this study was to determine, using murine RAW 264.7 macrophages, the immunomodulatory effect of extracellular β-glucan isolated from Pleurotus eryngii (PEBG) and its sulfated derivative (PEBG-S) on signaling molecules implicated in host innate immunity. β-Glucan was extracted and purified from the mycelial culture using optimal medium concentrations. It was then chemically converted to its sulfated form. Monosaccharide composition of β-glucan was characterized with p-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester-derivatized sugars through highperformance liquid chromatography analysis...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050620/safe-therapeutics-of-murine-melanoma-model-using-a-novel-antineoplasic-the-partially-methylated-mannogalactan-from-pleurotus-eryngii
#8
S M P Biscaia, E R Carbonero, D L Bellan, B S Borges, C R Costa, G R Rossi, J P Gonçalves, C M Melo, F A R Lívero, A C Ruthes, R Zotz, E V Silva, C C Oliveira, A Acco, H B Nader, R Chammas, M Iacomini, C R C Franco, E S Trindade
A heteropolysaccharide was isolated by cold aqueous extraction from edible mushroom Pleurotus eryngii ("King Oyster") basidiocarps and its biological properties were evaluated. Structural assignments were carried out using mono- and bidimensional NMR spectroscopy, monosaccharide composition, and methylation analyses. A mannogalactan having a main chain of (1→6)-linked α-d-galactopyranosyl and 3-O-methyl-α-d-galactopyranosyl residues, both partially substituted at OH-2 by β-d-Manp (MG-Pe) single-unit was found...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045637/effects-of-feeding-on-different-host-plants-and-diets-on-bradysia-odoriphaga-population-parameters-and-tolerance-to-heat-and-insecticides
#9
Guodong Zhu, Yin Luo, Ming Xue, Haipeng Zhao, Xia Sun, Xinhui Wang
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang, the Chinese chive root maggot, is a devastating pest of agricultural plants causing significant losses in vegetable crops, edible mushrooms, and humus. To determine the effects of feeding on different host plants and diets on the life parameters of B. odoriphaga and its tolerance to stressful conditions, we analyzed the life-table data of B. odoriphaga reared on Chinese chive (Allium hookeri), Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum), garlic (Allium sativum), oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), and humus and assayed its tolerance to heat and insecticides...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960508/aqueous-extracts-of-wild-mushrooms-show-antimicrobial-and-antiadhesion-activities-against-bacteria-and-fungi
#10
Anja Klančnik, Polona Megušar, Meta Sterniša, Barbara Jeršek, Franz Bucar, Sonja Smole Možina, Janko Kos, Jerica Sabotič
Mushrooms represent promising sources of novel bioactive compounds and can be applied as innovative strategies to control microbial contamination and infection via the food chain. We characterized aqueous extracts from 21 wild basidiomycete mushrooms and the cultivated oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, as putative sources of antimicrobial and antiadhesive compounds. Broth microdilutions and adhesion to a polystyrene surface were evaluated on Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and on fungi. The aqueous extracts tested showed antimicrobial and antiadhesive activities against these microorganisms...
December 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948016/nutritional-quality-of-oyster-mushroom-pleurotus-ostreatus-as-affected-by-osmotic-pretreatments-and-drying-methods
#11
Kumela D Tolera, Solomon Abera
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of osmotic pretreatments prior to drying and different drying methods on nutritional quality of dried mushroom slices. The experiment consisted of sun, solar, and oven drying after dipping the slices in salt solutions of 5 and 10% concentrations for 50 minutes, the control being untreated mushroom sample. Significant differences in proximate composition were observed between the fresh and dried mushroom samples. The average mean value of crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, ash, and carbohydrates of the fresh mushroom samples were 28...
September 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904776/escaping-introns-in-coi-through-cdna-barcoding-of-mushrooms-pleurotus-as-a-test-case
#12
Farhat A Avin, Bhassu Subha, Yee-Shin Tan, Thomas W A Braukmann, Sabaratnam Vikineswary, Paul D N Hebert
DNA barcoding involves the use of one or more short, standardized DNA fragments for the rapid identification of species. A 648-bp segment near the 5' terminus of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene has been adopted as the universal DNA barcode for members of the animal kingdom, but its utility in mushrooms is complicated by the frequent occurrence of large introns. As a consequence, ITS has been adopted as the standard DNA barcode marker for mushrooms despite several shortcomings. This study employed newly designed primers coupled with cDNA analysis to examine COI sequence diversity in six species of Pleurotus and compared these results with those for ITS...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771640/bioremediation-of-aflatoxin-b1-contaminated-maize-by-king-oyster-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii
#13
Maria Teresa Branà, Maria Teresa Cimmarusti, Miriam Haidukowski, Antonio Francesco Logrieco, Claudio Altomare
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most harmful mycotoxin that occurs as natural contaminant of agricultural commodities, particularly maize. Practical solutions for detoxification of contaminated staples and reduction of agricultural wastes are scarce. We investigated the capability of the white-rot and edible fungus Plerotus eryngii (king oyster mushroom) to degrade AFB1 both in vitro and in a laboratory-scale mushroom cultivation, using a substrate similar to that routinely used in mushroom farms. In malt extract broth, degradation of AFB1 (500 ng/mL) by nine isolates of P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752021/mycoremediation-potential-of-pleurotus-species-for-heavy-metals-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Meena Kapahi, Sarita Sachdeva
Mycoremediation is one of the biotechniques that recruits fungi to remove toxic pollutants from environment in an efficient and economical manner. Mushrooms, macro-fungi, are among the nature's most important mycoremediators. Pleurotus species (also called oyster mushrooms) are considered to be the most popular and widely cultivated varieties worldwide and this might be attributed to their low production cost and higher yields. Apart from their nutritive and therapeutic properties, Pleurotus species have high biosorption potential due to their extensive biomass, i...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605324/sulfation-of-the-extracellular-polysaccharide-produced-by-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-agaricomycetes-and-its-antioxidant-properties-in-vitro
#15
Xuewei Jia, Chong Wang, Yanhong Bai, Jinwei Yu, Chunping Xu
Extracellular polysaccharide from Pleurotus eryngii was sulfated; the optimum reaction conditions used pyridine as the reaction solvent, a temperature of 80°C, and a reaction time of 90 minutes. The structure and antioxidant activity of the sulfated and original polysaccharides (designated as SF-1 and Fr-1, respectively) were investigated. The main functional groups of polysaccharides were determined by Fourier transform infrared, and the chain conformation was determined by size-exclusion chromatography with laser light scattering and viscometry...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582971/degradation-of-aflatoxin-b1-from-naturally-contaminated-maize-using-the-edible-fungus-pleurotus-ostreatus
#16
Lauren W Jackson, Barry M Pryor
Aflatoxins are highly carcinogenic secondary metabolites that can contaminate approximately 25% of crops and that cause or exacerbate multiple adverse health conditions, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia. Regulation and decontamination of aflatoxins in high exposure areas is lacking. Biological detoxification methods are promising because they are assumed to be cheaper and more environmentally friendly compared to chemical alternatives. White-rot fungi produce non-specific enzymes that are known to degrade aflatoxin in in situ and ex situ experiments...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572943/influence-of-low-dose-of-gamma-radiation-and-storage-on-some-vitamins-and-mineral-elements-of-dried-oyster-mushrooms-pleurotus-ostreatus
#17
Nii Korley Kortei, George Tawia Odamtten, Mary Obodai, Michael Wiafe-Kwagyan, Edward Adotey Addo
Mushrooms contain some of the most potent natural medicines on the planet. Vitamins A, C, D, Mineral elements, contents, as well as total soluble solids (Brix(o)) of dried composition of Pleurotus ostreatus were investigated after exposing to gamma radiation doses of 0 (control), 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 kGy at a dose rate of 1.7 kGy per hour in air from a Cobalt 60 source (SLL 515, Hungary) batch irradiator prior to storage (0 month) and after storage (12 months) at room temperature (28 ± 2°C). Results obtained showed some significant (p < ...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551231/enzyme-assisted-extraction-enhancing-the-umami-taste-amino-acids-recovery-from-several-cultivated-mushrooms
#18
Mahesha M Poojary, Vibeke Orlien, Paolo Passamonti, Karsten Olsen
In this study, enzyme-assisted extraction was performed to extract umami taste and total free amino acids (FAAs) from the six different mushrooms including shiitake (Lentinus edodes), oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus), tea tree (Agrocybe aegerita) and, white, brown and portobello champignons (Agaricus bisporus). β-Glucanase and Flavourzyme® were used as the enzymes for cell wall and proteins hydrolysis, respectively. It was found that β-glucanase treatment alone did not enhance the extraction efficiency, however in combination, β-glucanase and Flavourzyme® enhanced the extraction efficiency significantly up to 20-fold compared to conventional HCl mediated extraction, depending on the mushroom species...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436319/in-vitro-antioxidant-and-in-vivo-hypolipidemic-effects-of-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-var-ferulae-ddl01-agaricomycetes-in-rats-with-high-fat-diet-induced-fatty-liver-and-hyperlipidemia
#19
Jun-Hui Choi, Dae-Won Kim, Seung Kim, Sung-Jun Kim
We investigated the effect of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae DDL01 on oxidative damage in the liver and brain and a high-fat/high-cholesterol-induced hyperlipidemic model. In in vitro studies, the water extracts of the fruiting bodies showed strong scavenging activities of DPPH (139.46 ± 3.2 μg) and hydroxyl (139.46 ± 3.2 μg) radicals. Moreover, the extracts showed Fe2+ chelating and reducing abilities, as well as a large amount of polyphenols and an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation in the liver and brain tissues...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421412/bioactive-compounds-and-antioxidant-activity-exhibit-high-intraspecific-variability-in-pleurotus-ostreatus-mushrooms-and-correlate-well-with-cultivation-performance-parameters
#20
Georgios Koutrotsios, Nick Kalogeropoulos, Pantelis Stathopoulos, Andriana C Kaliora, Georgios I Zervakis
Experimental data related with oyster mushroom production and nutritional properties usually derive from the examination of only one strain, and hence their representativeness/usefulness is questionable. This work aims at assessing intraspecific variability in Pleurotus ostreatus by studying 16 strains, under the same conditions, in respect to essential cultivation and mushroom quality aspects, and by defining the impact of intrinsic/genetic factors on such parameters. Hence, mushroom yield, earliness, crop length, biological efficiency, productivity, and their content in selected macro and microconstituents (e...
May 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
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