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Dena M Leerberg, Kaori Sano, Bruce W Draper
The vertebrate ovary and testis develop from a sexually indifferent gonad. During early development of the organism, primordial germ cells (the gamete lineage) and somatic gonad cells coalesce and begin to undergo growth and morphogenesis to form this bipotential gonad. Although this aspect of development is requisite for a fertile adult, little is known about the genetic regulation of early gonadogenesis in any vertebrate. Here, we provide evidence that fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signaling is required for the early growth phase of a vertebrate bipotential gonad...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
Qiyan Mao, Haley K Stinnett, Robert K Ho
Tbx5 plays a pivotal role in vertebrate forelimb initiation, and loss-of-function experiments result in deformed or absent forelimbs in all taxa studied to date. Combining single-cell fate mapping and three-dimensional cell tracking in the zebrafish, we describe a Tbx5a-dependent cell convergence pattern that is both asymmetric and topological within the fin-field lateral plate mesoderm during early fin bud initiation. We further demonstrate that a mesodermal Fgf24 convergence cue controlled by Tbx5a underlies this asymmetric convergent motility...
December 15, 2015: Development
Kirstin Maulding, Mahesh S Padanad, Jennifer Dong, Bruce B Riley
BACKGROUND: Vertebrate otic and epibranchial placodes develop in close proximity in response to localized fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signaling. Although less is known about epibranchial induction, the process of otic induction in highly conserved, with important roles for Fgf3 and Fgf8 reported in all species examined. Fgf10 is also critical for otic induction in mouse, but the only zebrafish ortholog examined to date, fgf10a, is not expressed early enough to play such a role. A second zebrafish ortholog, fgf10b, has not been previously examined...
October 2014: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
Robert J Duszynski, Jacek Topczewski, Elizabeth E LeClair
The zebrafish maxillary barbel is an integumentary organ containing skin, glands, pigment cells, taste buds, nerves, and endothelial vessels. The maxillary barbel can regenerate (LeClair & Topczewski 2010); however, little is known about its molecular regulation. We have studied fibroblast growth factor (FGF) pathway molecules during barbel regeneration, comparing this system to a well-known regenerating appendage, the zebrafish caudal fin. Multiple FGF ligands (fgf20a, fgf24), receptors (fgfr1-4) and downstream targets (pea3, il17d) are expressed in normal and regenerating barbel tissue, confirming FGF activation...
February 2013: Development, Growth & Differentiation
François Naye, Marianne L Voz, Nathalie Detry, Matthias Hammerschmidt, Bernard Peers, Isabelle Manfroid
In vertebrates, pancreas and liver arise from bipotential progenitors located in the embryonic gut endoderm. Bone morphogenic protein (BMP) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathways have been shown to induce hepatic specification while repressing pancreatic fate. Here we show that BMP and FGF factors also play crucial function, at slightly later stages, in the specification of the ventral pancreas. By analyzing the pancreatic markers pdx1, ptf1a, and hlxb9la in different zebrafish models of BMP loss of function, we demonstrate that the BMP pathway is required between 20 and 24 h postfertilization to specify the ventral pancreatic bud...
March 2012: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Matthew H Green, Robert K Ho, Melina E Hale
Pectoral fins are known to play important roles in swimming for many adult fish; however, their functions in fish larvae are unclear. We examined routine pectoral fin movement during rhythmic forward swimming and used genetic ablation to test hypotheses of fin function in larval zebrafish. Fins were active throughout bouts of slow swimming. Initiation was characterized by asymmetric fin abduction that transitioned to alternating rhythmic movement with first fin adduction. During subsequent swimming, fin beat amplitude decreased while tail beat amplitude increased over swimming speeds ranging from 1...
September 15, 2011: Journal of Experimental Biology
Mahesh S Padanad, Bruce B Riley
Vertebrate cranial placodes contribute vitally to development of sensory structures of the head. Amongst posterior placodes, the otic placode forms the inner ear whereas nearby epibranchial placodes produce sensory ganglia within branchial clefts. Though diverse in fate, these placodes show striking similarities in their early regulation. In zebrafish, both are initiated by localized Fgf signaling plus the ubiquitous competence factor Foxi1, and both express pax8 and sox3 in response. It has been suggested that Fgf initially induces a common otic/epibranchial field, which later subdivides in response to other signals...
March 1, 2011: Developmental Biology
Richard Jovelin, Yi-Lin Yan, Xinjun He, Julian Catchen, Angel Amores, Cristian Canestro, Hayato Yokoi, John H Postlethwait
Fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) encode small signaling proteins that help regulate embryo patterning. Fgfs fall into seven families, including FgfD. Nonvertebrate chordates have a single FgfD gene; mammals have three (Fgf8, Fgf17, and Fgf18); and teleosts have six (fgf8a, fgf8b, fgf17, fgf18a, fgf18b, and fgf24). What are the evolutionary processes that led to the structural duplication and functional diversification of FgfD genes during vertebrate phylogeny? To study this question, we investigated conserved syntenies, patterns of gene expression, and the distribution of conserved noncoding elements (CNEs) in FgfD genes of stickleback and zebrafish, and compared them with data from cephalochordates, urochordates, and mammals...
January 15, 2010: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
Judith M Neugebauer, Jeffrey D Amack, Annita G Peterson, Brent W Bisgrove, H Joseph Yost
Cilia are cell surface organelles found on most epithelia in vertebrates. Specialized groups of cilia have critical roles in embryonic development, including left-right axis formation. Recently, cilia have been implicated as recipients of cell-cell signalling. However, little is known about cell-cell signalling pathways that control the length of cilia. Here we provide several lines of evidence showing that fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling regulates cilia length and function in diverse epithelia during zebrafish and Xenopus development...
April 2, 2009: Nature
Isabelle Manfroid, François Delporte, Ariane Baudhuin, Patrick Motte, Carl J Neumann, Marianne L Voz, Joseph A Martial, Bernard Peers
In amniotes, the pancreatic mesenchyme plays a crucial role in pancreatic epithelium growth, notably through the secretion of fibroblast growth factors. However, the factors involved in the formation of the pancreatic mesenchyme are still largely unknown. In this study, we characterize, in zebrafish embryos, the pancreatic lateral plate mesoderm, which is located adjacent to the ventral pancreatic bud and is essential for its specification and growth. We firstly show that the endoderm, by expressing the fgf24 gene at early stages, triggers the patterning of the pancreatic lateral plate mesoderm...
November 2007: Development
Gembu Abe, Hiroyuki Ide, Koji Tamura
Median fins, unpaired appendages in fish, are fundamental locomotory organs that are believed to have evolved before paired lateral appendages in vertebrates. However, the early process of median fin development remains largely unknown. We investigated the early development of the median fin fold, a rudiment of median fins, and report here the process in zebrafish embryos and the function of FGF signaling in the process. Using expressions of three genes, dlx5a, sp9 and fgf24, as markers of different phases of fold development, our findings suggest that the early process of median fin fold development can be divided into two steps, specification of the median fin fold territory and construction of the fold structure...
April 1, 2007: Developmental Biology
Ban Chuan Lee, Sudipto Roy
Formation of paired limbs in vertebrate embryos has long been a particularly useful paradigm for the study of pattern formation. Here, we show that Blimp-1, a SET domain and zinc finger-containing transcriptional factor, plays an important role in the development of the pectoral fins of the zebrafish structures that are homologous to forelimbs of amniotes. The blimp-1 gene is expressed dynamically in the mesenchyme as well as the ectodermal cells of the early fin bud, and later, in the cells of the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) of the outgrowing fin...
December 15, 2006: Developmental Biology
Nicole M Roy, Charles G Sagerström
We have explored the role of fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signaling in regulating gene expression in the early zebrafish hindbrain primordium. We demonstrate that a dominant negative Fgf receptor (FgfR) construct disrupts gene expression along the entire rostrocaudal axis of the hindbrain primordium and, using an FgfR antagonist, we find that this Fgf signal is required at early gastrula stages. This effect cannot be mimicked by morpholino antisense oligos to Fgf3, Fgf8 or Fgf24--three Fgf family members known to be secreted from signaling centers at the midbrain-hindbrain boundary (MHB), in rhombomere 4 and in caudal mesoderm at gastrula stages...
January 31, 2004: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
Bruce W Draper, David W Stock, Charles B Kimmel
Fibroblast growth factor (Fgf) signaling plays an important role during development of posterior mesoderm in vertebrate embryos. Blocking Fgf signaling by expressing a dominant-negative Fgf receptor inhibits posterior mesoderm development. In mice, Fgf8 appears to be the principal ligand required for mesodermal development, as mouse Fgf8 mutants do not form mesoderm. In zebrafish, Fgf8 is encoded by the acerebellar locus, and, similar to its mouse otholog, is expressed in early mesodermal precursors during gastrulation...
October 2003: Development
Sabine Fischer, Bruce W Draper, Carl J Neumann
The development of vertebrate limb buds is triggered in the lateral plate mesoderm by a cascade of genes, including members of the Fgf and Wnt families, as well as the transcription factor tbx5. Fgf8, which is expressed in the intermediate mesoderm, is thought to initiate forelimb formation by activating wnt2b, which then induces the expression of tbx5 in the adjacent lateral plate mesoderm. Tbx5, in turn, is required for the activation of fgf10, which relays the limb inducing signal to the overlying ectoderm...
August 2003: Development
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