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Helen Stanton Chapple, Barbara L Bouton, Amy Yin Man Chow, Kathleen R Gilbert, Phyllis Kosminsky, Jane Moore, Peggy P Whiting
The Association for Death Education and Counseling has updated its articulation of the body of knowledge in the field of thanatology. In doing so it has relinquished the use of a matrix format in favor of a more serviceable outline containing three major sections: Arenas of Thanatology, Practice Considerations for Professionals in the Field, and Contextual and Theoretical Considerations. Accompanying the outline is a new commentary on the state of the field itself, along with an annotated bibliography of recent relevant publications...
September 9, 2016: Death Studies
James R Anderson
A quick guide on comparative thanatology, the study of death and dying, particular how individuals respond to a conspecific's death, across animal phylogeny.
July 11, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Liz A D Campbell, Patrick J Tkaczynski, Mohamed Mouna, Mohamed Qarro, James Waterman, Bonaventura Majolo
The wounding or death of a conspecific has been shown to elicit varied behavioral responses throughout thanatology. Recently, a number of reports have presented contentious evidence of epimeletic behavior towards the dying and dead among non-human animals, a behavioral trait previously considered uniquely human. Here, we report on the behavioral responses of Barbary macaques, a social, non-human primate, to the deaths of four group members (one high-ranking adult female, one high-ranking adult male, one juvenile male, and one female infant), all caused by road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Primates; Journal of Primatology
Edwin J C van Leeuwen, Innocent Chitalu Mulenga, Mark D Bodamer, Katherine A Cronin
The social behavior of chimpanzees has been extensively studied, yet not much is known about how they behave in response to the death of a group member. Here, we provide a detailed report of the reactions of a group of chimpanzees to finding the dead body of a 9-year-old male group member. The behavior of the group was characterized by quiet attendance and close inspections punctuated by rare displays. Moreover, the body was continuously attended and closely inspected by several adults and juveniles, including an adult male who formed a close social bond with the deceased individual after the deceased individual's mother died 4 years earlier...
September 2016: American Journal of Primatology
Timo Storck
The author presents a psychoanalytic interpretation of Mark Romanek's film Never Let Me Go, which concerns a society in which young adult clones have their internal organs 'harvested' for transplantation. Following some general remarks on the method of psychoanalytic film interpretation, strongly emphasising the aesthetics of form and artistic elements specific to film, the author develops the notion that through its cinematic perspectives and shots, Never Let Me Go dramatizes a specific relationship between the sublime and solitude...
February 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Elizabeth E MacDougall, Ingrid G Farreras
CONTEXT: Death anxiety has been hypothesized to be a transdiagnostic construct, meaning that the fear of death may increase one's vulnerability to the development or maintenance of a number of psychological disorders. As such, effective and efficient measurement of this construct becomes a priority for hospice and palliative medicine specialists. The Multidimensional Orientation Toward Dying and Death Inventory (MODDI-F) is the only factor-analytically constructed multidimensional scale with a conceptual rationale that measures both the fear and acceptance of dying and death...
June 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Sandra Bertman
Art is about freeze framing life and making it available for contemplation. This article describes creative strategies for teaching meaning-making and critical thinking through the use of imagery and the visual arts and how they have been influenced by the wisdom and guidance of Dr. Hannelore Wass. Dr. Wass's passion for encouraging death educators to explore "other ways of knowing" is reflected in the connections between visual imagery and topics such as caregiving, aging, self-care, and professional boundaries...
2015: Death Studies
Francisco de J Takao Kaneko-Wada, Guillermo Domínguez-Cherit, Ariadna Marcela Colmenares-Vásquez, Paola Santana-Martínez, Juan Gutiérrez-Mejía, Alejandro C Arroliga
Traditional goals in the intensive care unit are to reduce morbidity and mortality. Despite medical and technological advances, death in the intensive care unit remains commonplace and the modern critical care team should be familiar with palliative care and legislation in Mexico. Preserving the dignity of patients, avoiding harm, and maintaining communication with the relatives is fundamental. There is no unique, universally accepted technical approach in the management of the terminal critical care patient, so it is important to individualize each case and define objectives together under the legal framework in Mexico...
September 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
Kenneth J Doka
Hannelore Wass's enduring contribution to the field of thanatology focused on death education In addition to developing a journal initially focused on that topic, Wass also created one of the first text books in the field. This article explores the factors that caused death education to emerge in the late 1960s as well as issues that death education still faces as it continues to evolve.
2015: Death Studies
Gordon Thornton
As an educator, Hannelore Wass had a major influence on young professionals who were teaching in the field of thanatology. She influenced new professors by mentoring and providing an exceptional example of a compassionate, competent professional in the fields of thanatology and educational methodology. As a strong advocate for death education for all ages, Hannelore was a supporter of death educators. Her books provided a solid knowledge base in dying, death, and bereavement and thereby helped professionals learn the body of information in thanatology...
2015: Death Studies
Jolene Formaini
As a strong proponent of death education, Dr. Hannelore Wass was a respected pioneer in the field of thanatology. She had a philosophy that, in order to effectively work with grieving children and adolescents, one must be like and think like a child; indeed, to see things through the eyes of a child. This article demonstrates the far-reaching effects of Wass's work beyond her students to another generation of educators.
2015: Death Studies
L Markert, B Bockholdt, M A Verhoff, S Heinze, M Parzeller
BACKGROUND: In the practice of legal medicine in Germany, the assessment of brain death is of minor importance and attracts little attention. However, since several years, international criticism on the concept of brain death has culminated. By reviewing literature and the results of a questionnaire distributed among the participants of the 93rd Annual Congress of the Germany Society of Legal Medicine, the state of knowledge and the current views on brain death were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search of recent publications regarding brain death was performed (PubMed database, references of legal medicine, Report of the President's Council on Bioethics, USA 2008)...
March 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Robert A Neimeyer, Michael Vallerga
As a living legacy to the founding editorship of Hannelore Wass, Death Studies has played a leading role in promoting scholarship in the field of thanatology for nearly 4 decades. In this article, the authors analyze publication patterns in the journal in the 25 years since Wass handed off the journal's editorial management to her successor, focusing on changing patterns of authorship, topical focus, and methodological emphasis of articles across this period. The results document the increasing feminization of the field, the impressive internationality of the research networks driving its development, and the substantial empirical foundation for major lines of research concerned with bereavement, death attitudes, and suicide...
2015: Death Studies
Andreia Santos Mendes, Mariana De Almeida Moraes Gibaut, Tânia Maria De Oliva Menezes, Fernanda Carneiro Mussi
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the scientific production on Thanatology published in nursing journals. METHODOLOGY: Systematic review, with quantitative approach, that aimed the characterization of the articles with regard to the year and journal of publication, and its Qualis CAPES, thematic approach, methodological focus, description of training area and qualification of authors. RESULTS: According to the selection criteria of the sample, 36 articles whose publication period was between the years 1986 and 2011 were extracted for analysis...
October 2014: Revista de Enfermería
Joachim Wittkowski, Kenneth J Doka, Robert A Neimeyer, Michael Vallerga
To identify important trends in thanatology as a discipline, the authors analyzed over 1,500 articles that appeared in Death Studies and Omega over a 20-year period, coding the category of articles (e.g., theory, application, empirical research), their content focus (e.g., bereavement, death attitudes, end-of-life), and for empirical studies, their methodology (e.g., quantitative, qualitative). In general, empirical research predominates in both journals, with quantitative methods outnumbering qualitative procedures 2 to 1 across the period studied, despite an uptick in the latter methods in recent years...
2015: Death Studies
N S Édelev, V G Vorob'ev, I P Kraev, V M Bushkov
The present paper reports the results of the application of measurements of cadaveric tissue pressure (CTP) in forensic medical thanatology for the determination of the initial position of the corpse and the identification of the visually undetectable bleeding sites on the scalp during examination at the place of its discovery. Moreover, the study of the tissue pressure parameters in the affected tissues may be used to determine the intravitality of the injury and dynamics of its prescription. The parameters of intra-organ tissue pressure suggest its dependence not only on the prescription of the death and manifestations of the postmortem processes but also on the character and extent of the pathological process in the tissues of the organ of interest; these findings can be used for the verification of various diagnostic procedures including those for the objective elucidation of the cause of the death...
November 2014: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Fabrice Dedouit, Pauline Saint-Martin, Fatima-Zohra Mokrane, Frédéric Savall, Hervé Rousseau, Eric Crubézy, Daniel Rougé, Norbert Telmon
Virtual anthropology consists of the introduction of modern slice imaging to biological and forensic anthropology. Thanks to this non-invasive scientific revolution, some classifications and staging systems, first based on dry bone analysis, can be applied to cadavers with no need for specific preparation, as well as to living persons. Estimation of bone and dental age is one of the possibilities offered by radiology. Biological age can be estimated in clinical forensic medicine as well as in living persons...
September 2015: La Radiologia Medica
Richard Rass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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