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Giovanni Bearzi, Dan Kerem, Nathan B Furey, Robert L Pitman, Luke Rendell, Randall R Reeves
The scientific study of death across animal taxa-comparative thanatology-investigates how animals respond behaviourally, physiologically and psychologically to dead conspecifics, and the processes behind such responses. Several species of cetaceans have been long known to care for, attend to, be aroused by, or show interest in dead or dying individuals. We investigated patterns and variation in cetacean responses to dead conspecifics across cetacean taxa based on a comprehensive literature review. We analysed 78 records reported between 1970 and 2016, involving 20 of the 88 extant cetacean species...
May 9, 2018: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
Alexia Delbreil, Mélanie Voyer, Michel Sapanet, Laurence Leturmy
Only a physician specialized in forensic medicine is allowed to process a autopsy legal. The 2011 reform of forensic medicine aimed to homogenize and enhance thanatological practices over French state territory. According to the law, biological samples withdrawn during an autopsy can't be given back to the families after analysis(art. 230-30 CPP). Respecting the human body and restoring their physical aspect are mandatory by law (art. 230-29 CPP). After a autopsy legal, dead bodies must be given back to their relatives as soon as possible...
April 2018: La Presse Médicale
Radka Bužgová, Eva Janíková
The use of multidimensional scales for assessing fear of death among nursing students can assist in teaching and evaluating the effectiveness of targeted training in thanatology. Research has demonstrated good psychometric characteristics of the Czech version of the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale (CL-FODS). It was applied to nursing students ( N = 256), who reported as their biggest fear the process of their own dying. Greater fear of death and dying was found in students who had no experience of the dying and death of a loved one...
January 1, 2017: Omega
P O Romodanovsky, E Kh Barinov, V V Zharov, N A Mikheeva
The authors discuss the conceptual issues of the academic program designed to teach forensic medicine to the students of the stomatological faculties of educational medical institutions. The program has been elaborated in conformity with the federal state educational standard of higher professional education in the speciality stomatology'. It defines the goals and objectives of this discipline, the scope of its competences, the subject matter and the content, the requirements to the studies and educational work, control over the level of its success, academic progress, and other aspects of the training activities, with special emphasis being placed on the formation of the general professional competence of the students to enable them to work independently after they graduated from the institute...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Jamison S Bottomley, Melissa A Smigelsky, Randy G Floyd, Robert A Neimeyer
With mounting empirical evidence that interpersonal closeness and conflict with the deceased prior to death are significant predictors of grief reactions following loss, accurate empirical examination of these two constructs is of high importance. Despite the utility of the Quality of Relationships Inventory (QRI) in numerous domains of research, the original instrument was not constructed with a predeath, mourner-decedent relationship in mind. Therefore, this study clarified the factor structure of a modified QRI focusing on major dimensions of the predeath relationship with the deceased-dynamics that could have strong implications for the survivor's bereavement trajectory...
January 1, 2017: Omega
Helen Stanton Chapple, Barbara L Bouton, Amy Yin Man Chow, Kathleen R Gilbert, Phyllis Kosminsky, Jane Moore, Peggy P Whiting
The Association for Death Education and Counseling has updated its articulation of the body of knowledge in the field of thanatology. In doing so it has relinquished the use of a matrix format in favor of a more serviceable outline containing three major sections: Arenas of Thanatology, Practice Considerations for Professionals in the Field, and Contextual and Theoretical Considerations. Accompanying the outline is a new commentary on the state of the field itself, along with an annotated bibliography of recent relevant publications...
February 2017: Death Studies
James R Anderson
A quick guide on comparative thanatology, the study of death and dying, particular how individuals respond to a conspecific's death, across animal phylogeny.
July 11, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Liz A D Campbell, Patrick J Tkaczynski, Mohamed Mouna, Mohamed Qarro, James Waterman, Bonaventura Majolo
The wounding or death of a conspecific has been shown to elicit varied behavioral responses throughout thanatology. Recently, a number of reports have presented contentious evidence of epimeletic behavior towards the dying and dead among non-human animals, a behavioral trait previously considered uniquely human. Here, we report on the behavioral responses of Barbary macaques, a social, non-human primate, to the deaths of four group members (one high-ranking adult female, one high-ranking adult male, one juvenile male, and one female infant), all caused by road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Primates; Journal of Primatology
Edwin J C van Leeuwen, Innocent Chitalu Mulenga, Mark D Bodamer, Katherine A Cronin
The social behavior of chimpanzees has been extensively studied, yet not much is known about how they behave in response to the death of a group member. Here, we provide a detailed report of the reactions of a group of chimpanzees to finding the dead body of a 9-year-old male group member. The behavior of the group was characterized by quiet attendance and close inspections punctuated by rare displays. Moreover, the body was continuously attended and closely inspected by several adults and juveniles, including an adult male who formed a close social bond with the deceased individual after the deceased individual's mother died 4 years earlier...
September 2016: American Journal of Primatology
Timo Storck
The author presents a psychoanalytic interpretation of Mark Romanek's film Never Let Me Go, which concerns a society in which young adult clones have their internal organs 'harvested' for transplantation. Following some general remarks on the method of psychoanalytic film interpretation, strongly emphasising the aesthetics of form and artistic elements specific to film, the author develops the notion that through its cinematic perspectives and shots, Never Let Me Go dramatizes a specific relationship between the sublime and solitude...
February 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Elizabeth E MacDougall, Ingrid G Farreras
CONTEXT: Death anxiety has been hypothesized to be a transdiagnostic construct, meaning that the fear of death may increase one's vulnerability to the development or maintenance of a number of psychological disorders. As such, effective and efficient measurement of this construct becomes a priority for hospice and palliative medicine specialists. The Multidimensional Orientation Toward Dying and Death Inventory (MODDI-F) is the only factor-analytically constructed multidimensional scale with a conceptual rationale that measures both the fear and acceptance of dying and death...
June 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Sandra Bertman
Art is about freeze framing life and making it available for contemplation. This article describes creative strategies for teaching meaning-making and critical thinking through the use of imagery and the visual arts and how they have been influenced by the wisdom and guidance of Dr. Hannelore Wass. Dr. Wass's passion for encouraging death educators to explore "other ways of knowing" is reflected in the connections between visual imagery and topics such as caregiving, aging, self-care, and professional boundaries...
2015: Death Studies
Francisco de J Takao Kaneko-Wada, Guillermo Domínguez-Cherit, Ariadna Marcela Colmenares-Vásquez, Paola Santana-Martínez, Juan Gutiérrez-Mejía, Alejandro C Arroliga
Traditional goals in the intensive care unit are to reduce morbidity and mortality. Despite medical and technological advances, death in the intensive care unit remains commonplace and the modern critical care team should be familiar with palliative care and legislation in Mexico. Preserving the dignity of patients, avoiding harm, and maintaining communication with the relatives is fundamental. There is no unique, universally accepted technical approach in the management of the terminal critical care patient, so it is important to individualize each case and define objectives together under the legal framework in Mexico...
September 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
Kenneth J Doka
Hannelore Wass's enduring contribution to the field of thanatology focused on death education In addition to developing a journal initially focused on that topic, Wass also created one of the first text books in the field. This article explores the factors that caused death education to emerge in the late 1960s as well as issues that death education still faces as it continues to evolve.
2015: Death Studies
Gordon Thornton
As an educator, Hannelore Wass had a major influence on young professionals who were teaching in the field of thanatology. She influenced new professors by mentoring and providing an exceptional example of a compassionate, competent professional in the fields of thanatology and educational methodology. As a strong advocate for death education for all ages, Hannelore was a supporter of death educators. Her books provided a solid knowledge base in dying, death, and bereavement and thereby helped professionals learn the body of information in thanatology...
2015: Death Studies
Jolene Formaini
As a strong proponent of death education, Dr. Hannelore Wass was a respected pioneer in the field of thanatology. She had a philosophy that, in order to effectively work with grieving children and adolescents, one must be like and think like a child; indeed, to see things through the eyes of a child. This article demonstrates the far-reaching effects of Wass's work beyond her students to another generation of educators.
2015: Death Studies
L Markert, B Bockholdt, M A Verhoff, S Heinze, M Parzeller
BACKGROUND: In the practice of legal medicine in Germany, the assessment of brain death is of minor importance and attracts little attention. However, since several years, international criticism on the concept of brain death has culminated. By reviewing literature and the results of a questionnaire distributed among the participants of the 93rd Annual Congress of the Germany Society of Legal Medicine, the state of knowledge and the current views on brain death were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search of recent publications regarding brain death was performed (PubMed database, references of legal medicine, Report of the President's Council on Bioethics, USA 2008)...
March 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Robert A Neimeyer, Michael Vallerga
As a living legacy to the founding editorship of Hannelore Wass, Death Studies has played a leading role in promoting scholarship in the field of thanatology for nearly 4 decades. In this article, the authors analyze publication patterns in the journal in the 25 years since Wass handed off the journal's editorial management to her successor, focusing on changing patterns of authorship, topical focus, and methodological emphasis of articles across this period. The results document the increasing feminization of the field, the impressive internationality of the research networks driving its development, and the substantial empirical foundation for major lines of research concerned with bereavement, death attitudes, and suicide...
2015: Death Studies
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